Abstract

We report Q-switched and mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber lasers using ternary ReS2(1x)Se2x as saturable absorbers (SAs). The modulation depth and saturable intensity of the film SA are 1.8% and 0.046  MW/cm2. In Q-switched mechanism output, the pulse was centered at 1531.1 nm with maximum pulse energy and minimum pulse width of 28.29 nJ and 1.07 μs, respectively. In mode-locked operation, the pulse was centered at 1561.15 nm with pulse width of 888 fs, repetition rate of 2.95 MHz, and maximum pulse energy of 0.275 nJ. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the mode-locked Er3+-doped fiber laser using ternary transition metal dichalcogenides. This work suggests prospective 2D-material SAs can be widely used in versatile fields due to their attractive optoelectronic and tunable energy bandgap properties.

© 2019 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2018 (7)

2017 (5)

W. Wen, Y. Zhu, X. Liu, H. P. Hsu, Z. Fei, Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. Zhang, K. H. Lin, F. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, P. H. Tan, C. Jin, and L. Xie, “Anisotropic spectroscopy and electrical properties of 2D ReS2(1-x)Se2x alloys with distorted 1T structure,” Small 13, 1603788 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Lu, “Passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on ReS2 saturable absorber,” Mod. Phys. Lett. B 31, 1750206 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum 24, 1100406 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Yin, J. Li, H. Chen, J. Wang, P. Yan, M. Liu, W. Liu, W. Lu, Z. Xu, W. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Sun, and S. Ruan, “Large-area highly crystalline WSe2 atomic layers for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Opt. Express 25, 30020–30031 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wen, J. Lin, K. Suenaga, Y. Guo, Y. Zhu, H.-P. Hsu, and L. Xie, “Preferential S/Se occupation in an anisotropic ReS2(1-x)Se2x monolayer alloy,” Nanoscale 9, 18275–18280 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

T. H. Chen, C. Y. Lin, Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. H. Cheng, Z. Luo, and G. R. Lin, “MoS2 nano-flake doped polyvinyl alcohol enabling polarized soliton mode-locking of a fiber laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 1039–1050 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, H. Chen, A. Liu, K. Li, S. Ruan, J. Ding, X. Qiu, and T. Guo, “Self-starting mode-locking by fiber-integrated WS2 saturable absorber mirror,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum 23, 1100106 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Liu, S. Zheng, X. He, A. Chaturvedi, J. He, W. Chow, T. R. Mion, X. Wang, J. Zhou, Q. Fu, H. Fan, B. K. Tay, L. Song, R. H. He, C. Kloc, P. M. Ajayan, and Z. Liu, “Highly sensitive detection of polarized light using anisotropic 2D ReS2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 1146 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

S. Tongay, H. Sahin, C. Ko, A. Luce, W. Fan, K. Liu, J. Zhou, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, J. Yan, D. F. Ogletree, S. Aloni, J. Ji, S. Li, J. Li, F. M. Peeters, and J. Wu, “Monolayer behavior in bulk ReS2 due to electronic and vibrational decoupling,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3252 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, K. Grodecki, K. M. Abramski, P. Paletko, and W. Macherzynski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Pumera, Z. Sofer, and A. Ambrosi, “Layered transition metal dichalcogenides for electrochemical energy generation and storage,” J. Mater. Chem. A 2, 8981–8987 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Khazaeizhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, D. I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Mode-locking of Er-doped fiber laser using a multilayer MoS2 thin film as a saturable absorber in both anomalous and normal dispersion regimes,” Opt. Express 22, 23732–23742 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

M. Merker, R. Ackermann, R. Kammel, K. S. Kunert, and S. Nolte, “An in vitro study on focusing fs-laser pulses into ocular media for ophthalmic surgery,” Lasers Surg. Med. 45, 589–596 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

W. S. Yun, S. W. Han, S. C. Hong, I. G. Kim, and J. D. Lee, “Thickness and strain effects on electronic structures of transition metal dichalcogenides: 2H-MX2 semiconductors (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te),” Phys. Rev. B 85, 033305 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

A. Kuc, N. Zibouche, and T. Heine, “Influence of quantum confinement on the electronic structure of the transition metal sulfide TS2,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 2237–2249 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, S. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Stable nanosecond pulse generation from a graphene-based passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4008–4010 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, and Z. X. Shen, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Morin, F. Druon, M. Hanna, and P. Georges, “Microjoule femtosecond fiber laser at 1.6 μm for corneal surgery applications,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1991–1993 (2009).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

C. H. Ho, Y. S. Huang, P. C. Liao, and K. K. Tiong, “Crystal structure and band-edge transitions of ReS2(1-x)Se2x layered compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 60, 1797–1804 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

C. H. Ho, P. C. Liao, Y. S. Huang, T. R. Yang, and K. K. Tiong, “Optical absorption of ReS2 and ReSe2 single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 6380–6383 (1997).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

Ackermann, R.

M. Merker, R. Ackermann, R. Kammel, K. S. Kunert, and S. Nolte, “An in vitro study on focusing fs-laser pulses into ocular media for ophthalmic surgery,” Lasers Surg. Med. 45, 589–596 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ai, F.

X. Li, J. Qian, and F. Ai, “600  fs mode-locked solid-state laser based on few-layer WS2 saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 28, 045003 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ajayan, P. M.

F. Liu, S. Zheng, X. He, A. Chaturvedi, J. He, W. Chow, T. R. Mion, X. Wang, J. Zhou, Q. Fu, H. Fan, B. K. Tay, L. Song, R. H. He, C. Kloc, P. M. Ajayan, and Z. Liu, “Highly sensitive detection of polarized light using anisotropic 2D ReS2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 1146 (2016).
[Crossref]

Aloni, S.

S. Tongay, H. Sahin, C. Ko, A. Luce, W. Fan, K. Liu, J. Zhou, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, J. Yan, D. F. Ogletree, S. Aloni, J. Ji, S. Li, J. Li, F. M. Peeters, and J. Wu, “Monolayer behavior in bulk ReS2 due to electronic and vibrational decoupling,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3252 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ambrosi, A.

M. Pumera, Z. Sofer, and A. Ambrosi, “Layered transition metal dichalcogenides for electrochemical energy generation and storage,” J. Mater. Chem. A 2, 8981–8987 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, and Z. X. Shen, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bragagna, T.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chaturvedi, A.

F. Liu, S. Zheng, X. He, A. Chaturvedi, J. He, W. Chow, T. R. Mion, X. Wang, J. Zhou, Q. Fu, H. Fan, B. K. Tay, L. Song, R. H. He, C. Kloc, P. M. Ajayan, and Z. Liu, “Highly sensitive detection of polarized light using anisotropic 2D ReS2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 1146 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Chen, L.

J. Wang, L. Chen, C. Dou, H. Yan, L. Meng, and Z. Wei, “Mo0.5W0.5S2 for Q-switched pulse generation in ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Nanotechnology 29, 224002 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, C. Dou, L. Chen, H. Yan, L. Meng, J. Zhu, and Z. Wei, “High energy passively Q-switched Er3+-doped fiber laser based on Mo0.5W0.5S2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 324–331 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q.

Chen, T. H.

T. H. Chen, C. Y. Lin, Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. H. Cheng, Z. Luo, and G. R. Lin, “MoS2 nano-flake doped polyvinyl alcohol enabling polarized soliton mode-locking of a fiber laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 1039–1050 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Lin, G. R. Lin, T. H. Chen, Z. Luo, and G. R. Lin, “Polarization dependent hybrid mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS2 saturable absorber,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (2015), paper AM2B.6.

Chen, Y.

W. Wen, Y. Zhu, X. Liu, H. P. Hsu, Z. Fei, Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. Zhang, K. H. Lin, F. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, P. H. Tan, C. Jin, and L. Xie, “Anisotropic spectroscopy and electrical properties of 2D ReS2(1-x)Se2x alloys with distorted 1T structure,” Small 13, 1603788 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C. H.

T. H. Chen, C. Y. Lin, Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. H. Cheng, Z. Luo, and G. R. Lin, “MoS2 nano-flake doped polyvinyl alcohol enabling polarized soliton mode-locking of a fiber laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 1039–1050 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chi, Y. C.

T. H. Chen, C. Y. Lin, Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. H. Cheng, Z. Luo, and G. R. Lin, “MoS2 nano-flake doped polyvinyl alcohol enabling polarized soliton mode-locking of a fiber laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 1039–1050 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chow, W.

F. Liu, S. Zheng, X. He, A. Chaturvedi, J. He, W. Chow, T. R. Mion, X. Wang, J. Zhou, Q. Fu, H. Fan, B. K. Tay, L. Song, R. H. He, C. Kloc, P. M. Ajayan, and Z. Liu, “Highly sensitive detection of polarized light using anisotropic 2D ReS2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 1146 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cui, X.

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum 24, 1100406 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ding, J.

P. Yan, H. Chen, A. Liu, K. Li, S. Ruan, J. Ding, X. Qiu, and T. Guo, “Self-starting mode-locking by fiber-integrated WS2 saturable absorber mirror,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum 23, 1100106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dou, C.

J. Wang, L. Chen, C. Dou, H. Yan, L. Meng, and Z. Wei, “Mo0.5W0.5S2 for Q-switched pulse generation in ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Nanotechnology 29, 224002 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, C. Dou, L. Chen, H. Yan, L. Meng, J. Zhu, and Z. Wei, “High energy passively Q-switched Er3+-doped fiber laser based on Mo0.5W0.5S2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 324–331 (2018).
[Crossref]

Druon, F.

Fan, H.

F. Liu, S. Zheng, X. He, A. Chaturvedi, J. He, W. Chow, T. R. Mion, X. Wang, J. Zhou, Q. Fu, H. Fan, B. K. Tay, L. Song, R. H. He, C. Kloc, P. M. Ajayan, and Z. Liu, “Highly sensitive detection of polarized light using anisotropic 2D ReS2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 1146 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fan, W.

S. Tongay, H. Sahin, C. Ko, A. Luce, W. Fan, K. Liu, J. Zhou, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, J. Yan, D. F. Ogletree, S. Aloni, J. Ji, S. Li, J. Li, F. M. Peeters, and J. Wu, “Monolayer behavior in bulk ReS2 due to electronic and vibrational decoupling,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3252 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fei, Z.

W. Wen, Y. Zhu, X. Liu, H. P. Hsu, Z. Fei, Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. Zhang, K. H. Lin, F. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, P. H. Tan, C. Jin, and L. Xie, “Anisotropic spectroscopy and electrical properties of 2D ReS2(1-x)Se2x alloys with distorted 1T structure,” Small 13, 1603788 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fu, Q.

F. Liu, S. Zheng, X. He, A. Chaturvedi, J. He, W. Chow, T. R. Mion, X. Wang, J. Zhou, Q. Fu, H. Fan, B. K. Tay, L. Song, R. H. He, C. Kloc, P. M. Ajayan, and Z. Liu, “Highly sensitive detection of polarized light using anisotropic 2D ReS2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 1146 (2016).
[Crossref]

Galecki, L.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gan, X.

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum 24, 1100406 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Georges, P.

Grodecki, K.

Gross, S.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guo, T.

P. Yan, H. Chen, A. Liu, K. Li, S. Ruan, J. Ding, X. Qiu, and T. Guo, “Self-starting mode-locking by fiber-integrated WS2 saturable absorber mirror,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum 23, 1100106 (2016).
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F. Liu, S. Zheng, X. He, A. Chaturvedi, J. He, W. Chow, T. R. Mion, X. Wang, J. Zhou, Q. Fu, H. Fan, B. K. Tay, L. Song, R. H. He, C. Kloc, P. M. Ajayan, and Z. Liu, “Highly sensitive detection of polarized light using anisotropic 2D ReS2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 1146 (2016).
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A. Kuc, N. Zibouche, and T. Heine, “Influence of quantum confinement on the electronic structure of the transition metal sulfide TS2,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 2237–2249 (2011).
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M. Merker, R. Ackermann, R. Kammel, K. S. Kunert, and S. Nolte, “An in vitro study on focusing fs-laser pulses into ocular media for ophthalmic surgery,” Lasers Surg. Med. 45, 589–596 (2013).
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W. S. Yun, S. W. Han, S. C. Hong, I. G. Kim, and J. D. Lee, “Thickness and strain effects on electronic structures of transition metal dichalcogenides: 2H-MX2 semiconductors (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te),” Phys. Rev. B 85, 033305 (2012).
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D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum 24, 1100406 (2017).
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X. Li, J. Qian, and F. Ai, “600  fs mode-locked solid-state laser based on few-layer WS2 saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 28, 045003 (2018).
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C. H. Ho, Y. S. Huang, P. C. Liao, and K. K. Tiong, “Crystal structure and band-edge transitions of ReS2(1-x)Se2x layered compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 60, 1797–1804 (1999).
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T. H. Chen, C. Y. Lin, Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. H. Cheng, Z. Luo, and G. R. Lin, “MoS2 nano-flake doped polyvinyl alcohol enabling polarized soliton mode-locking of a fiber laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 1039–1050 (2016).
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T. H. Chen, C. Y. Lin, Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. H. Cheng, Z. Luo, and G. R. Lin, “MoS2 nano-flake doped polyvinyl alcohol enabling polarized soliton mode-locking of a fiber laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 1039–1050 (2016).
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C. Y. Lin, G. R. Lin, T. H. Chen, Z. Luo, and G. R. Lin, “Polarization dependent hybrid mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS2 saturable absorber,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (2015), paper AM2B.6.

C. Y. Lin, G. R. Lin, T. H. Chen, Z. Luo, and G. R. Lin, “Polarization dependent hybrid mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS2 saturable absorber,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (2015), paper AM2B.6.

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W. Wen, J. Lin, K. Suenaga, Y. Guo, Y. Zhu, H.-P. Hsu, and L. Xie, “Preferential S/Se occupation in an anisotropic ReS2(1-x)Se2x monolayer alloy,” Nanoscale 9, 18275–18280 (2017).
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T. H. Chen, C. Y. Lin, Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. H. Cheng, Z. Luo, and G. R. Lin, “MoS2 nano-flake doped polyvinyl alcohol enabling polarized soliton mode-locking of a fiber laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 1039–1050 (2016).
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D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
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Ruan, S. C.

Sahin, H.

S. Tongay, H. Sahin, C. Ko, A. Luce, W. Fan, K. Liu, J. Zhou, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, J. Yan, D. F. Ogletree, S. Aloni, J. Ji, S. Li, J. Li, F. M. Peeters, and J. Wu, “Monolayer behavior in bulk ReS2 due to electronic and vibrational decoupling,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3252 (2014).
[Crossref]

Saito, L. A. M.

D. Steinberg, J. D. Zapata, E. A. T. Souza, and L. A. M. Saito, “Mechanically exfoliated rhenium disulfide onto D-shaped optical fiber for sub-300 fs EDFL mode-locking,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2018), paper SM2N.3.

Shen, Z. X.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, and Z. X. Shen, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Skorczakowski, M.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sobon, G.

Sofer, Z.

M. Pumera, Z. Sofer, and A. Ambrosi, “Layered transition metal dichalcogenides for electrochemical energy generation and storage,” J. Mater. Chem. A 2, 8981–8987 (2014).
[Crossref]

Song, L.

F. Liu, S. Zheng, X. He, A. Chaturvedi, J. He, W. Chow, T. R. Mion, X. Wang, J. Zhou, Q. Fu, H. Fan, B. K. Tay, L. Song, R. H. He, C. Kloc, P. M. Ajayan, and Z. Liu, “Highly sensitive detection of polarized light using anisotropic 2D ReS2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 1146 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sotor, J.

Souza, E. A. T.

D. Steinberg, J. D. Zapata, E. A. T. Souza, and L. A. M. Saito, “Mechanically exfoliated rhenium disulfide onto D-shaped optical fiber for sub-300 fs EDFL mode-locking,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2018), paper SM2N.3.

Steinberg, D.

D. Steinberg, J. D. Zapata, E. A. T. Souza, and L. A. M. Saito, “Mechanically exfoliated rhenium disulfide onto D-shaped optical fiber for sub-300 fs EDFL mode-locking,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2018), paper SM2N.3.

Suenaga, K.

W. Wen, J. Lin, K. Suenaga, Y. Guo, Y. Zhu, H.-P. Hsu, and L. Xie, “Preferential S/Se occupation in an anisotropic ReS2(1-x)Se2x monolayer alloy,” Nanoscale 9, 18275–18280 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sun, R.

Sun, Z.

Swiderski, J.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tan, P. H.

W. Wen, Y. Zhu, X. Liu, H. P. Hsu, Z. Fei, Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. Zhang, K. H. Lin, F. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, P. H. Tan, C. Jin, and L. Xie, “Anisotropic spectroscopy and electrical properties of 2D ReS2(1-x)Se2x alloys with distorted 1T structure,” Small 13, 1603788 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tao, S.

Tay, B. K.

F. Liu, S. Zheng, X. He, A. Chaturvedi, J. He, W. Chow, T. R. Mion, X. Wang, J. Zhou, Q. Fu, H. Fan, B. K. Tay, L. Song, R. H. He, C. Kloc, P. M. Ajayan, and Z. Liu, “Highly sensitive detection of polarized light using anisotropic 2D ReS2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 1146 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tiong, K. K.

C. H. Ho, Y. S. Huang, P. C. Liao, and K. K. Tiong, “Crystal structure and band-edge transitions of ReS2(1-x)Se2x layered compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 60, 1797–1804 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. H. Ho, P. C. Liao, Y. S. Huang, T. R. Yang, and K. K. Tiong, “Optical absorption of ReS2 and ReSe2 single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 6380–6383 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tongay, S.

S. Tongay, H. Sahin, C. Ko, A. Luce, W. Fan, K. Liu, J. Zhou, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, J. Yan, D. F. Ogletree, S. Aloni, J. Ji, S. Li, J. Li, F. M. Peeters, and J. Wu, “Monolayer behavior in bulk ReS2 due to electronic and vibrational decoupling,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3252 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Wang, J.

Wang, P.

Wang, S.

Wang, X.

W. Wen, Y. Zhu, X. Liu, H. P. Hsu, Z. Fei, Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. Zhang, K. H. Lin, F. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, P. H. Tan, C. Jin, and L. Xie, “Anisotropic spectroscopy and electrical properties of 2D ReS2(1-x)Se2x alloys with distorted 1T structure,” Small 13, 1603788 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Liu, S. Zheng, X. He, A. Chaturvedi, J. He, W. Chow, T. R. Mion, X. Wang, J. Zhou, Q. Fu, H. Fan, B. K. Tay, L. Song, R. H. He, C. Kloc, P. M. Ajayan, and Z. Liu, “Highly sensitive detection of polarized light using anisotropic 2D ReS2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 1146 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, and Z. X. Shen, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. P.

W. Wen, Y. Zhu, X. Liu, H. P. Hsu, Z. Fei, Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. Zhang, K. H. Lin, F. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, P. H. Tan, C. Jin, and L. Xie, “Anisotropic spectroscopy and electrical properties of 2D ReS2(1-x)Se2x alloys with distorted 1T structure,” Small 13, 1603788 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wen, Y. Zhu, X. Liu, H. P. Hsu, Z. Fei, Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. Zhang, K. H. Lin, F. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, P. H. Tan, C. Jin, and L. Xie, “Anisotropic spectroscopy and electrical properties of 2D ReS2(1-x)Se2x alloys with distorted 1T structure,” Small 13, 1603788 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wei, Z.

J. Wang, L. Chen, C. Dou, H. Yan, L. Meng, and Z. Wei, “Mo0.5W0.5S2 for Q-switched pulse generation in ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Nanotechnology 29, 224002 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, C. Dou, L. Chen, H. Yan, L. Meng, J. Zhu, and Z. Wei, “High energy passively Q-switched Er3+-doped fiber laser based on Mo0.5W0.5S2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 324–331 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wen, W.

W. Wen, J. Lin, K. Suenaga, Y. Guo, Y. Zhu, H.-P. Hsu, and L. Xie, “Preferential S/Se occupation in an anisotropic ReS2(1-x)Se2x monolayer alloy,” Nanoscale 9, 18275–18280 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wen, Y. Zhu, X. Liu, H. P. Hsu, Z. Fei, Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. Zhang, K. H. Lin, F. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, P. H. Tan, C. Jin, and L. Xie, “Anisotropic spectroscopy and electrical properties of 2D ReS2(1-x)Se2x alloys with distorted 1T structure,” Small 13, 1603788 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

S. Tongay, H. Sahin, C. Ko, A. Luce, W. Fan, K. Liu, J. Zhou, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, J. Yan, D. F. Ogletree, S. Aloni, J. Ji, S. Li, J. Li, F. M. Peeters, and J. Wu, “Monolayer behavior in bulk ReS2 due to electronic and vibrational decoupling,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3252 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.

Xie, L.

W. Wen, J. Lin, K. Suenaga, Y. Guo, Y. Zhu, H.-P. Hsu, and L. Xie, “Preferential S/Se occupation in an anisotropic ReS2(1-x)Se2x monolayer alloy,” Nanoscale 9, 18275–18280 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wen, Y. Zhu, X. Liu, H. P. Hsu, Z. Fei, Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. Zhang, K. H. Lin, F. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, P. H. Tan, C. Jin, and L. Xie, “Anisotropic spectroscopy and electrical properties of 2D ReS2(1-x)Se2x alloys with distorted 1T structure,” Small 13, 1603788 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

Yan, H.

J. Wang, C. Dou, L. Chen, H. Yan, L. Meng, J. Zhu, and Z. Wei, “High energy passively Q-switched Er3+-doped fiber laser based on Mo0.5W0.5S2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 324–331 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, L. Chen, C. Dou, H. Yan, L. Meng, and Z. Wei, “Mo0.5W0.5S2 for Q-switched pulse generation in ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Nanotechnology 29, 224002 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yan, J.

S. Tongay, H. Sahin, C. Ko, A. Luce, W. Fan, K. Liu, J. Zhou, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, J. Yan, D. F. Ogletree, S. Aloni, J. Ji, S. Li, J. Li, F. M. Peeters, and J. Wu, “Monolayer behavior in bulk ReS2 due to electronic and vibrational decoupling,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3252 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yan, P.

J. Yin, J. Li, H. Chen, J. Wang, P. Yan, M. Liu, W. Liu, W. Lu, Z. Xu, W. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Sun, and S. Ruan, “Large-area highly crystalline WSe2 atomic layers for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Opt. Express 25, 30020–30031 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, H. Chen, A. Liu, K. Li, S. Ruan, J. Ding, X. Qiu, and T. Guo, “Self-starting mode-locking by fiber-integrated WS2 saturable absorber mirror,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum 23, 1100106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yan, P. G.

Yan, Y.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, and Z. X. Shen, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q. H.

Yang, T. R.

C. H. Ho, P. C. Liao, Y. S. Huang, T. R. Yang, and K. K. Tiong, “Optical absorption of ReS2 and ReSe2 single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 6380–6383 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yang, W.

Yeom, D. I.

Yin, J.

Yun, W. S.

W. S. Yun, S. W. Han, S. C. Hong, I. G. Kim, and J. D. Lee, “Thickness and strain effects on electronic structures of transition metal dichalcogenides: 2H-MX2 semiconductors (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te),” Phys. Rev. B 85, 033305 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zajac, A.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zapata, J. D.

D. Steinberg, J. D. Zapata, E. A. T. Souza, and L. A. M. Saito, “Mechanically exfoliated rhenium disulfide onto D-shaped optical fiber for sub-300 fs EDFL mode-locking,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2018), paper SM2N.3.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, M.

W. Wen, Y. Zhu, X. Liu, H. P. Hsu, Z. Fei, Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. Zhang, K. H. Lin, F. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, P. H. Tan, C. Jin, and L. Xie, “Anisotropic spectroscopy and electrical properties of 2D ReS2(1-x)Se2x alloys with distorted 1T structure,” Small 13, 1603788 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

J. Yin, J. Li, H. Chen, J. Wang, P. Yan, M. Liu, W. Liu, W. Lu, Z. Xu, W. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Sun, and S. Ruan, “Large-area highly crystalline WSe2 atomic layers for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Opt. Express 25, 30020–30031 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum 24, 1100406 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum 24, 1100406 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, R.

Zheng, S.

F. Liu, S. Zheng, X. He, A. Chaturvedi, J. He, W. Chow, T. R. Mion, X. Wang, J. Zhou, Q. Fu, H. Fan, B. K. Tay, L. Song, R. H. He, C. Kloc, P. M. Ajayan, and Z. Liu, “Highly sensitive detection of polarized light using anisotropic 2D ReS2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 1146 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

F. Liu, S. Zheng, X. He, A. Chaturvedi, J. He, W. Chow, T. R. Mion, X. Wang, J. Zhou, Q. Fu, H. Fan, B. K. Tay, L. Song, R. H. He, C. Kloc, P. M. Ajayan, and Z. Liu, “Highly sensitive detection of polarized light using anisotropic 2D ReS2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 1146 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Tongay, H. Sahin, C. Ko, A. Luce, W. Fan, K. Liu, J. Zhou, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, J. Yan, D. F. Ogletree, S. Aloni, J. Ji, S. Li, J. Li, F. M. Peeters, and J. Wu, “Monolayer behavior in bulk ReS2 due to electronic and vibrational decoupling,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3252 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J.

Zhu, Y.

W. Wen, Y. Zhu, X. Liu, H. P. Hsu, Z. Fei, Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. Zhang, K. H. Lin, F. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, P. H. Tan, C. Jin, and L. Xie, “Anisotropic spectroscopy and electrical properties of 2D ReS2(1-x)Se2x alloys with distorted 1T structure,” Small 13, 1603788 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wen, J. Lin, K. Suenaga, Y. Guo, Y. Zhu, H.-P. Hsu, and L. Xie, “Preferential S/Se occupation in an anisotropic ReS2(1-x)Se2x monolayer alloy,” Nanoscale 9, 18275–18280 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zibouche, N.

A. Kuc, N. Zibouche, and T. Heine, “Influence of quantum confinement on the electronic structure of the transition metal sulfide TS2,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 2237–2249 (2011).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, and Z. X. Shen, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Liu, S. Zheng, X. He, A. Chaturvedi, J. He, W. Chow, T. R. Mion, X. Wang, J. Zhou, Q. Fu, H. Fan, B. K. Tay, L. Song, R. H. He, C. Kloc, P. M. Ajayan, and Z. Liu, “Highly sensitive detection of polarized light using anisotropic 2D ReS2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 1146 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum (2)

P. Yan, H. Chen, A. Liu, K. Li, S. Ruan, J. Ding, X. Qiu, and T. Guo, “Self-starting mode-locking by fiber-integrated WS2 saturable absorber mirror,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum 23, 1100106 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum 24, 1100406 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. H. Ho, P. C. Liao, Y. S. Huang, T. R. Yang, and K. K. Tiong, “Optical absorption of ReS2 and ReSe2 single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 6380–6383 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. A (1)

M. Pumera, Z. Sofer, and A. Ambrosi, “Layered transition metal dichalcogenides for electrochemical energy generation and storage,” J. Mater. Chem. A 2, 8981–8987 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

T. H. Chen, C. Y. Lin, Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. H. Cheng, Z. Luo, and G. R. Lin, “MoS2 nano-flake doped polyvinyl alcohol enabling polarized soliton mode-locking of a fiber laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 1039–1050 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Sol. (1)

C. H. Ho, Y. S. Huang, P. C. Liao, and K. K. Tiong, “Crystal structure and band-edge transitions of ReS2(1-x)Se2x layered compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 60, 1797–1804 (1999).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

X. Li, J. Qian, and F. Ai, “600  fs mode-locked solid-state laser based on few-layer WS2 saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 28, 045003 (2018).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

M. Merker, R. Ackermann, R. Kammel, K. S. Kunert, and S. Nolte, “An in vitro study on focusing fs-laser pulses into ocular media for ophthalmic surgery,” Lasers Surg. Med. 45, 589–596 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mod. Phys. Lett. B (1)

F. Lu, “Passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on ReS2 saturable absorber,” Mod. Phys. Lett. B 31, 1750206 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale (1)

W. Wen, J. Lin, K. Suenaga, Y. Guo, Y. Zhu, H.-P. Hsu, and L. Xie, “Preferential S/Se occupation in an anisotropic ReS2(1-x)Se2x monolayer alloy,” Nanoscale 9, 18275–18280 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nanotechnology (1)

J. Wang, L. Chen, C. Dou, H. Yan, L. Meng, and Z. Wei, “Mo0.5W0.5S2 for Q-switched pulse generation in ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Nanotechnology 29, 224002 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

S. Tongay, H. Sahin, C. Ko, A. Luce, W. Fan, K. Liu, J. Zhou, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, J. Yan, D. F. Ogletree, S. Aloni, J. Ji, S. Li, J. Li, F. M. Peeters, and J. Wu, “Monolayer behavior in bulk ReS2 due to electronic and vibrational decoupling,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3252 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Photon. Res. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

W. S. Yun, S. W. Han, S. C. Hong, I. G. Kim, and J. D. Lee, “Thickness and strain effects on electronic structures of transition metal dichalcogenides: 2H-MX2 semiconductors (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te),” Phys. Rev. B 85, 033305 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Kuc, N. Zibouche, and T. Heine, “Influence of quantum confinement on the electronic structure of the transition metal sulfide TS2,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 2237–2249 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Small (1)

W. Wen, Y. Zhu, X. Liu, H. P. Hsu, Z. Fei, Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. Zhang, K. H. Lin, F. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, Y. P. Wang, Y. S. Huang, C. H. Ho, P. H. Tan, C. Jin, and L. Xie, “Anisotropic spectroscopy and electrical properties of 2D ReS2(1-x)Se2x alloys with distorted 1T structure,” Small 13, 1603788 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

C. Y. Lin, G. R. Lin, T. H. Chen, Z. Luo, and G. R. Lin, “Polarization dependent hybrid mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS2 saturable absorber,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (2015), paper AM2B.6.

D. Steinberg, J. D. Zapata, E. A. T. Souza, and L. A. M. Saito, “Mechanically exfoliated rhenium disulfide onto D-shaped optical fiber for sub-300 fs EDFL mode-locking,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2018), paper SM2N.3.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) SEM image, EDS elemental mapping and spectrum of Re, S, and Se. (b) AFM topography, (c) height diagram of a ReS1.02Se0.98 flake on a SiO2/Si substrate. (d) HRTEM image, (e) XPS profiles, and (f) Raman spectra of a ReS1.02Se0.98 flake.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Nonlinear absorption of a ReS1.02Se0.98 SA.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Schematic of the all-fiber Q-switched EDF laser cavity.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Pulse trains of Q-switching operation at pump power of 600 mW; inset: the corresponding pulse width. (b) RF spectrum (measured with 100 Hz RBW) of Q-switching operation with a ReS1.02Se0.98 SA at a center frequency of 128 kHz.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Pulse duration and repetition rate versus incident pump power of the Q-switched mechanism. (b) Output average power and pulse energy versus incident pump power of Q-switched operation. (c) The wavelength spectrum of the Q-switched EDF laser at the pump power of 300 mW.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Diagram of the mode-locked fiber laser setup with a ReS1.02Se0.98 SA.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Pulse trains of mode-locking operation at pump power of 530 mW; inset: oscilloscope trace. (b) RF spectra (measured with 100 Hz RBW) of mode-locking operation with a ReS1.02Se0.98 SA at the pump power of 530 mW. (c) Optical spectrum with the bandwidth of 4.85 nm. (d) Autocorrelation trace for output pulse with a pulse duration of 888 fs with sech2 fit.

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