Abstract

Tapered fibers with diameters ranging from 1 to 4 μm are widely used to excite the whispering-gallery (WG) modes of microcavities. Typically, the transmission spectrum of a WG cavity coupled to a waveguide around a resonance assumes a Lorentzian dip morphology due to resonant absorption of the light within the cavity. In this paper, we demonstrate that the transmission spectra of a WG cavity coupled with an ultrathin fiber (500–700 nm) may exhibit both Lorentzian dips and peaks, depending on the gap between the fiber and the microcavity. By considering the large scattering loss of off-resonant light from the fiber within the coupling region, this phenomenon can be attributed to partially resonant light bypassing the lossy scattering region via WG modes, allowing it to be coupled both to and from the cavity, then manifesting as Lorentzian peaks within the transmission spectra. This implies the system could be implemented within a bandpass filter framework.

© 2017 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2017 (4)

2016 (9)

Y. Miao, Y. Peng, Y. Xiang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and Y. Song, “Dynamic Fano resonance in thin fiber taper coupled cylindrical microcavity,” IEEE Photon. J. 8, 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Monifi, J. Zhang, S. K. Özdemir, B. Peng, Y.-X. Liu, B. Fang, F. Nori, and L. Yang, “Optomechanically induced stochastic resonance and chaos transfer between optical fields,” Nat. Photonics 10, 399–405 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Asano, Y. Takeuchi, W. Chen, S. K. Özdemir, R. Ikuta, N. Imoto, L. Yang, and T. Yamamoto, “Observation of optomechanical coupling in a microbottle resonator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 603–611 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, X. Jiang, S. Kasumie, G. Zhao, L. Xu, J. M. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Four-wave mixing parametric oscillation and frequency comb generation at visible wavelengths in a silica microbubble resonator,” Opt. Lett. 41, 5266–5269 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, M. Liertzer, W. Chen, J. Kramer, H. Yılmaz, J. Wiersig, S. Rotter, and L. Yang, “Chiral modes and directional lasing at exceptional points,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 6845–6850 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, C. Yang, H. Wu, S. Hua, L. Chang, Y. Ding, Q. Hua, and M. Xiao, “On-chip optical nonreciprocity using an active microcavity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 38972 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Glass-on-glass fabrication of bottle-shaped tunable microlasers and their applications,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25152 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, R. Madugani, H. Zhao, W. Yang, J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, G. Farrell, G. Brambilla, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Packaged optical add-drop filter based on an optical microfiber coupler and a microsphere,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2277–2280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, S. Saurabh, J. M. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “High-Q, ultrathin-walled microbubble resonator for aerostatic pressure sensing,” Opt. Express 24, 294–299 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (4)

F. Lei, B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, G. L. Long, and L. Yang, “Dynamic Fano-like resonances in erbium-doped whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 101112 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Farnesi, A. Barucci, G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical frequency conversion in silica-whispering-gallery-mode microspherical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 093901 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Aspelmeyer, T. J. Kippenberg, and F. Marquardt, “Cavity optomechanics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 1391–1452 (2014).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

B.-B. Li, Y.-F. Xiao, C.-L. Zou, Y.-C. Liu, X.-F. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, Y. Li, and Q. Gong, “Experimental observation of Fano resonance in a single whispering-gallery microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 021116 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

J. M. Ward, Y. Wu, V. G. Vladimir, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Trapping of a microsphere pendulum resonator in an optical potential,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053839 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

P. DelHaye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

V. S. Ilchenko and A. B. Matsko, “Optical resonators with whispering-gallery modes-part II: applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 15–32 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

A. Chiba, H. Fujiwara, J. Hotta, S. Takeuchi, and K. Sasaki, “Fano resonance in a multimode tapered fiber coupled with a microspherical cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 261106 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

H. Rokhsari and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow loss, high Q, four port resonant couplers for quantum optics and photonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253905 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Sumetsky, “Whispering-gallery-bottle microcavities: the three-dimensional etalon,” Opt. Lett. 29, 8–10 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Kerr-nonlinearity optical parametric oscillation in an ultrahigh-Q toroid microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415, 621–623 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Aoki, T.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[Crossref]

Arcizet, O.

P. DelHaye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref]

Asano, M.

M. Asano, Y. Takeuchi, W. Chen, S. K. Özdemir, R. Ikuta, N. Imoto, L. Yang, and T. Yamamoto, “Observation of optomechanical coupling in a microbottle resonator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 603–611 (2016).
[Crossref]

Aspelmeyer, M.

M. Aspelmeyer, T. J. Kippenberg, and F. Marquardt, “Cavity optomechanics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 1391–1452 (2014).
[Crossref]

Barucci, A.

D. Farnesi, A. Barucci, G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical frequency conversion in silica-whispering-gallery-mode microspherical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 093901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bender, C. M.

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Berneschi, S.

D. Farnesi, A. Barucci, G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical frequency conversion in silica-whispering-gallery-mode microspherical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 093901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Birks, T. A.

Bowen, W. P.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[Crossref]

Brambilla, G.

P. Wang, R. Madugani, H. Zhao, W. Yang, J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, G. Farrell, G. Brambilla, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Packaged optical add-drop filter based on an optical microfiber coupler and a microsphere,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2277–2280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cai, M.

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chang, L.

X. Jiang, C. Yang, H. Wu, S. Hua, L. Chang, Y. Ding, Q. Hua, and M. Xiao, “On-chip optical nonreciprocity using an active microcavity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 38972 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, M. Liertzer, W. Chen, J. Kramer, H. Yılmaz, J. Wiersig, S. Rotter, and L. Yang, “Chiral modes and directional lasing at exceptional points,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 6845–6850 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Asano, Y. Takeuchi, W. Chen, S. K. Özdemir, R. Ikuta, N. Imoto, L. Yang, and T. Yamamoto, “Observation of optomechanical coupling in a microbottle resonator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 603–611 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-L.

B.-B. Li, Y.-F. Xiao, C.-L. Zou, Y.-C. Liu, X.-F. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, Y. Li, and Q. Gong, “Experimental observation of Fano resonance in a single whispering-gallery microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 021116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cheung, G.

Chiba, A.

A. Chiba, H. Fujiwara, J. Hotta, S. Takeuchi, and K. Sasaki, “Fano resonance in a multimode tapered fiber coupled with a microspherical cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 261106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dayan, B.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[Crossref]

DelHaye, P.

P. DelHaye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ding, Y.

X. Jiang, C. Yang, H. Wu, S. Hua, L. Chang, Y. Ding, Q. Hua, and M. Xiao, “On-chip optical nonreciprocity using an active microcavity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 38972 (2016).
[Crossref]

Du, C.

Fan, S.

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fang, B.

F. Monifi, J. Zhang, S. K. Özdemir, B. Peng, Y.-X. Liu, B. Fang, F. Nori, and L. Yang, “Optomechanically induced stochastic resonance and chaos transfer between optical fields,” Nat. Photonics 10, 399–405 (2016).
[Crossref]

Farnesi, D.

D. Farnesi, A. Barucci, G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical frequency conversion in silica-whispering-gallery-mode microspherical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 093901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Farrell, G.

P. Wang, R. Madugani, H. Zhao, W. Yang, J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, G. Farrell, G. Brambilla, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Packaged optical add-drop filter based on an optical microfiber coupler and a microsphere,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2277–2280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fujii, S.

Fujiwara, H.

A. Chiba, H. Fujiwara, J. Hotta, S. Takeuchi, and K. Sasaki, “Fano resonance in a multimode tapered fiber coupled with a microspherical cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 261106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gao, M.

Gianfreda, M.

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q.

B.-B. Li, Y.-F. Xiao, C.-L. Zou, Y.-C. Liu, X.-F. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, Y. Li, and Q. Gong, “Experimental observation of Fano resonance in a single whispering-gallery microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 021116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, Waves and Fields in Optoelectronics (Prentice-Hall, 1984).

Holzwarth, R.

P. DelHaye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hori, A.

Hotta, J.

A. Chiba, H. Fujiwara, J. Hotta, S. Takeuchi, and K. Sasaki, “Fano resonance in a multimode tapered fiber coupled with a microspherical cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 261106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hua, Q.

X. Jiang, C. Yang, H. Wu, S. Hua, L. Chang, Y. Ding, Q. Hua, and M. Xiao, “On-chip optical nonreciprocity using an active microcavity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 38972 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hua, S.

X. Jiang, C. Yang, H. Wu, S. Hua, L. Chang, Y. Ding, Q. Hua, and M. Xiao, “On-chip optical nonreciprocity using an active microcavity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 38972 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ikuta, R.

M. Asano, Y. Takeuchi, W. Chen, S. K. Özdemir, R. Ikuta, N. Imoto, L. Yang, and T. Yamamoto, “Observation of optomechanical coupling in a microbottle resonator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 603–611 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ilchenko, V. S.

V. S. Ilchenko and A. B. Matsko, “Optical resonators with whispering-gallery modes-part II: applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 15–32 (2006).
[Crossref]

Imoto, N.

M. Asano, Y. Takeuchi, W. Chen, S. K. Özdemir, R. Ikuta, N. Imoto, L. Yang, and T. Yamamoto, “Observation of optomechanical coupling in a microbottle resonator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 603–611 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jacques, F.

Jiang, X.

Jiang, X.-F.

B.-B. Li, Y.-F. Xiao, C.-L. Zou, Y.-C. Liu, X.-F. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, Y. Li, and Q. Gong, “Experimental observation of Fano resonance in a single whispering-gallery microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 021116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jing, Q.-L.

Kasumie, S.

Kato, T.

Kimble, H. J.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[Crossref]

King, E.

G. Zhao, S. K. Özdemir, T. Wang, L. Xu, E. King, G. L. Long, and L. Yang, “Raman lasing and Fano lineshapes in a packaged fiber-coupled whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Sci. Bull. 62, 875–878 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kippenberg, T. J.

M. Aspelmeyer, T. J. Kippenberg, and F. Marquardt, “Cavity optomechanics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 1391–1452 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. DelHaye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Kerr-nonlinearity optical parametric oscillation in an ultrahigh-Q toroid microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415, 621–623 (2002).
[Crossref]

Knight, J. C.

Kobatake, T.

Kramer, J.

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, M. Liertzer, W. Chen, J. Kramer, H. Yılmaz, J. Wiersig, S. Rotter, and L. Yang, “Chiral modes and directional lasing at exceptional points,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 6845–6850 (2016).
[Crossref]

Le, V. H.

R. Madugani, Y. Yang, J. M. Ward, V. H. Le, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Optomechanical transduction and characterization of a silica microsphere pendulum via evanescent light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 241101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lei, F.

Y. Yang, F. Lei, S. Kasumie, L. Xu, J. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Tunable erbium-doped microbubble laser fabricated by sol-gel coating,” Opt. Express 25, 1308–1313 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Lei, B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, G. L. Long, and L. Yang, “Dynamic Fano-like resonances in erbium-doped whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 101112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lei, F.-C.

Li, B.-B.

B.-B. Li, Y.-F. Xiao, C.-L. Zou, Y.-C. Liu, X.-F. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, Y. Li, and Q. Gong, “Experimental observation of Fano resonance in a single whispering-gallery microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 021116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

Y. Miao, Y. Peng, Y. Xiang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and Y. Song, “Dynamic Fano resonance in thin fiber taper coupled cylindrical microcavity,” IEEE Photon. J. 8, 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

B.-B. Li, Y.-F. Xiao, C.-L. Zou, Y.-C. Liu, X.-F. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, Y. Li, and Q. Gong, “Experimental observation of Fano resonance in a single whispering-gallery microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 021116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liertzer, M.

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, M. Liertzer, W. Chen, J. Kramer, H. Yılmaz, J. Wiersig, S. Rotter, and L. Yang, “Chiral modes and directional lasing at exceptional points,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 6845–6850 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, X.-M.

Liu, Y.-C.

B.-B. Li, Y.-F. Xiao, C.-L. Zou, Y.-C. Liu, X.-F. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, Y. Li, and Q. Gong, “Experimental observation of Fano resonance in a single whispering-gallery microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 021116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.-X.

F. Monifi, J. Zhang, S. K. Özdemir, B. Peng, Y.-X. Liu, B. Fang, F. Nori, and L. Yang, “Optomechanically induced stochastic resonance and chaos transfer between optical fields,” Nat. Photonics 10, 399–405 (2016).
[Crossref]

Long, G. L.

G. Zhao, S. K. Özdemir, T. Wang, L. Xu, E. King, G. L. Long, and L. Yang, “Raman lasing and Fano lineshapes in a packaged fiber-coupled whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Sci. Bull. 62, 875–878 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Lei, B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, G. L. Long, and L. Yang, “Dynamic Fano-like resonances in erbium-doped whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 101112 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Long, G.-L.

Lu, Y.

Y. Miao, Y. Peng, Y. Xiang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and Y. Song, “Dynamic Fano resonance in thin fiber taper coupled cylindrical microcavity,” IEEE Photon. J. 8, 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Madugani, R.

P. Wang, R. Madugani, H. Zhao, W. Yang, J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, G. Farrell, G. Brambilla, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Packaged optical add-drop filter based on an optical microfiber coupler and a microsphere,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2277–2280 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Madugani, Y. Yang, J. M. Ward, V. H. Le, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Optomechanical transduction and characterization of a silica microsphere pendulum via evanescent light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 241101 (2015).
[Crossref]

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M. Aspelmeyer, T. J. Kippenberg, and F. Marquardt, “Cavity optomechanics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 1391–1452 (2014).
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V. S. Ilchenko and A. B. Matsko, “Optical resonators with whispering-gallery modes-part II: applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 15–32 (2006).
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Y. Miao, Y. Peng, Y. Xiang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and Y. Song, “Dynamic Fano resonance in thin fiber taper coupled cylindrical microcavity,” IEEE Photon. J. 8, 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Monifi, F.

F. Monifi, J. Zhang, S. K. Özdemir, B. Peng, Y.-X. Liu, B. Fang, F. Nori, and L. Yang, “Optomechanically induced stochastic resonance and chaos transfer between optical fields,” Nat. Photonics 10, 399–405 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nic Chormaic, S.

Y. Yang, F. Lei, S. Kasumie, L. Xu, J. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Tunable erbium-doped microbubble laser fabricated by sol-gel coating,” Opt. Express 25, 1308–1313 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Glass-on-glass fabrication of bottle-shaped tunable microlasers and their applications,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25152 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, R. Madugani, H. Zhao, W. Yang, J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, G. Farrell, G. Brambilla, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Packaged optical add-drop filter based on an optical microfiber coupler and a microsphere,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2277–2280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, S. Saurabh, J. M. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “High-Q, ultrathin-walled microbubble resonator for aerostatic pressure sensing,” Opt. Express 24, 294–299 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, X. Jiang, S. Kasumie, G. Zhao, L. Xu, J. M. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Four-wave mixing parametric oscillation and frequency comb generation at visible wavelengths in a silica microbubble resonator,” Opt. Lett. 41, 5266–5269 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Madugani, Y. Yang, J. M. Ward, V. H. Le, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Optomechanical transduction and characterization of a silica microsphere pendulum via evanescent light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 241101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, S. Saurabh, J. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Coupled-mode-induced transparency in aerostatically tuned microbubble whispering-gallery resonators,” Opt. Lett. 40, 1834–1837 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. M. Ward, Y. Wu, V. G. Vladimir, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Trapping of a microsphere pendulum resonator in an optical potential,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053839 (2009).
[Crossref]

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F. Monifi, J. Zhang, S. K. Özdemir, B. Peng, Y.-X. Liu, B. Fang, F. Nori, and L. Yang, “Optomechanically induced stochastic resonance and chaos transfer between optical fields,” Nat. Photonics 10, 399–405 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

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D. Farnesi, A. Barucci, G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical frequency conversion in silica-whispering-gallery-mode microspherical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 093901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Özdemir, S. K.

G. Zhao, S. K. Özdemir, T. Wang, L. Xu, E. King, G. L. Long, and L. Yang, “Raman lasing and Fano lineshapes in a packaged fiber-coupled whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Sci. Bull. 62, 875–878 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Monifi, J. Zhang, S. K. Özdemir, B. Peng, Y.-X. Liu, B. Fang, F. Nori, and L. Yang, “Optomechanically induced stochastic resonance and chaos transfer between optical fields,” Nat. Photonics 10, 399–405 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Asano, Y. Takeuchi, W. Chen, S. K. Özdemir, R. Ikuta, N. Imoto, L. Yang, and T. Yamamoto, “Observation of optomechanical coupling in a microbottle resonator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 603–611 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, M. Liertzer, W. Chen, J. Kramer, H. Yılmaz, J. Wiersig, S. Rotter, and L. Yang, “Chiral modes and directional lasing at exceptional points,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 6845–6850 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Lei, B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, G. L. Long, and L. Yang, “Dynamic Fano-like resonances in erbium-doped whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 101112 (2014).
[Crossref]

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M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[Crossref]

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T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[Crossref]

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B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, M. Liertzer, W. Chen, J. Kramer, H. Yılmaz, J. Wiersig, S. Rotter, and L. Yang, “Chiral modes and directional lasing at exceptional points,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 6845–6850 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Monifi, J. Zhang, S. K. Özdemir, B. Peng, Y.-X. Liu, B. Fang, F. Nori, and L. Yang, “Optomechanically induced stochastic resonance and chaos transfer between optical fields,” Nat. Photonics 10, 399–405 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Lei, B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, G. L. Long, and L. Yang, “Dynamic Fano-like resonances in erbium-doped whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 101112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peng, Y.

Y. Miao, Y. Peng, Y. Xiang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and Y. Song, “Dynamic Fano resonance in thin fiber taper coupled cylindrical microcavity,” IEEE Photon. J. 8, 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Righini, G. C.

D. Farnesi, A. Barucci, G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical frequency conversion in silica-whispering-gallery-mode microspherical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 093901 (2014).
[Crossref]

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H. Rokhsari and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow loss, high Q, four port resonant couplers for quantum optics and photonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253905 (2004).
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B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, M. Liertzer, W. Chen, J. Kramer, H. Yılmaz, J. Wiersig, S. Rotter, and L. Yang, “Chiral modes and directional lasing at exceptional points,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 6845–6850 (2016).
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A. Chiba, H. Fujiwara, J. Hotta, S. Takeuchi, and K. Sasaki, “Fano resonance in a multimode tapered fiber coupled with a microspherical cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 261106 (2005).
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Schliesser, A.

P. DelHaye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shang, Y.-L.

Song, Y.

Y. Miao, Y. Peng, Y. Xiang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and Y. Song, “Dynamic Fano resonance in thin fiber taper coupled cylindrical microcavity,” IEEE Photon. J. 8, 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Soria, S.

D. Farnesi, A. Barucci, G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, “Optical frequency conversion in silica-whispering-gallery-mode microspherical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 093901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Spillane, S. M.

T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Kerr-nonlinearity optical parametric oscillation in an ultrahigh-Q toroid microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415, 621–623 (2002).
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M. Sumetsky, “Whispering-gallery-bottle microcavities: the three-dimensional etalon,” Opt. Lett. 29, 8–10 (2004).
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L. Tong and M. Sumetsky, Subwavelength and Nanometer Diameter Optical Fibers (Springer, 2011).

Suzuki, R.

Takeuchi, S.

A. Chiba, H. Fujiwara, J. Hotta, S. Takeuchi, and K. Sasaki, “Fano resonance in a multimode tapered fiber coupled with a microspherical cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 261106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Takeuchi, Y.

M. Asano, Y. Takeuchi, W. Chen, S. K. Özdemir, R. Ikuta, N. Imoto, L. Yang, and T. Yamamoto, “Observation of optomechanical coupling in a microbottle resonator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 603–611 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Tong, L.

L. Tong and M. Sumetsky, Subwavelength and Nanometer Diameter Optical Fibers (Springer, 2011).

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T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Kerr-nonlinearity optical parametric oscillation in an ultrahigh-Q toroid microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Rokhsari and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow loss, high Q, four port resonant couplers for quantum optics and photonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253905 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415, 621–623 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[Crossref]

Vladimir, V. G.

J. M. Ward, Y. Wu, V. G. Vladimir, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Trapping of a microsphere pendulum resonator in an optical potential,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053839 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

P. Wang, R. Madugani, H. Zhao, W. Yang, J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, G. Farrell, G. Brambilla, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Packaged optical add-drop filter based on an optical microfiber coupler and a microsphere,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2277–2280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

G. Zhao, S. K. Özdemir, T. Wang, L. Xu, E. King, G. L. Long, and L. Yang, “Raman lasing and Fano lineshapes in a packaged fiber-coupled whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Sci. Bull. 62, 875–878 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ward, J.

Ward, J. M.

Y. Yang, X. Jiang, S. Kasumie, G. Zhao, L. Xu, J. M. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Four-wave mixing parametric oscillation and frequency comb generation at visible wavelengths in a silica microbubble resonator,” Opt. Lett. 41, 5266–5269 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Glass-on-glass fabrication of bottle-shaped tunable microlasers and their applications,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25152 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, R. Madugani, H. Zhao, W. Yang, J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, G. Farrell, G. Brambilla, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Packaged optical add-drop filter based on an optical microfiber coupler and a microsphere,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2277–2280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, S. Saurabh, J. M. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “High-Q, ultrathin-walled microbubble resonator for aerostatic pressure sensing,” Opt. Express 24, 294–299 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Madugani, Y. Yang, J. M. Ward, V. H. Le, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Optomechanical transduction and characterization of a silica microsphere pendulum via evanescent light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 241101 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. M. Ward, Y. Wu, V. G. Vladimir, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Trapping of a microsphere pendulum resonator in an optical potential,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053839 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wiersig, J.

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, M. Liertzer, W. Chen, J. Kramer, H. Yılmaz, J. Wiersig, S. Rotter, and L. Yang, “Chiral modes and directional lasing at exceptional points,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 6845–6850 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wilcut, E.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wilken, T.

P. DelHaye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

X. Jiang, C. Yang, H. Wu, S. Hua, L. Chang, Y. Ding, Q. Hua, and M. Xiao, “On-chip optical nonreciprocity using an active microcavity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 38972 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

J. M. Ward, Y. Wu, V. G. Vladimir, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Trapping of a microsphere pendulum resonator in an optical potential,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053839 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xiang, Y.

Y. Miao, Y. Peng, Y. Xiang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and Y. Song, “Dynamic Fano resonance in thin fiber taper coupled cylindrical microcavity,” IEEE Photon. J. 8, 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xiao, M.

X. Jiang, C. Yang, H. Wu, S. Hua, L. Chang, Y. Ding, Q. Hua, and M. Xiao, “On-chip optical nonreciprocity using an active microcavity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 38972 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Y.-F.

B.-B. Li, Y.-F. Xiao, C.-L. Zou, Y.-C. Liu, X.-F. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, Y. Li, and Q. Gong, “Experimental observation of Fano resonance in a single whispering-gallery microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 021116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, L.

Yamamoto, T.

M. Asano, Y. Takeuchi, W. Chen, S. K. Özdemir, R. Ikuta, N. Imoto, L. Yang, and T. Yamamoto, “Observation of optomechanical coupling in a microbottle resonator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 603–611 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

X. Jiang, C. Yang, H. Wu, S. Hua, L. Chang, Y. Ding, Q. Hua, and M. Xiao, “On-chip optical nonreciprocity using an active microcavity,” Sci. Rep. 6, 38972 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

Y. Yang, F. Lei, S. Kasumie, L. Xu, J. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Tunable erbium-doped microbubble laser fabricated by sol-gel coating,” Opt. Express 25, 1308–1313 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Zhao, S. K. Özdemir, T. Wang, L. Xu, E. King, G. L. Long, and L. Yang, “Raman lasing and Fano lineshapes in a packaged fiber-coupled whispering-gallery-mode microresonator,” Sci. Bull. 62, 875–878 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, M. Liertzer, W. Chen, J. Kramer, H. Yılmaz, J. Wiersig, S. Rotter, and L. Yang, “Chiral modes and directional lasing at exceptional points,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 6845–6850 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Monifi, J. Zhang, S. K. Özdemir, B. Peng, Y.-X. Liu, B. Fang, F. Nori, and L. Yang, “Optomechanically induced stochastic resonance and chaos transfer between optical fields,” Nat. Photonics 10, 399–405 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Asano, Y. Takeuchi, W. Chen, S. K. Özdemir, R. Ikuta, N. Imoto, L. Yang, and T. Yamamoto, “Observation of optomechanical coupling in a microbottle resonator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 603–611 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, X. Jiang, S. Kasumie, G. Zhao, L. Xu, J. M. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Four-wave mixing parametric oscillation and frequency comb generation at visible wavelengths in a silica microbubble resonator,” Opt. Lett. 41, 5266–5269 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Lei, B. Peng, S. K. Özdemir, G. L. Long, and L. Yang, “Dynamic Fano-like resonances in erbium-doped whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 101112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, W.

P. Wang, R. Madugani, H. Zhao, W. Yang, J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, G. Farrell, G. Brambilla, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Packaged optical add-drop filter based on an optical microfiber coupler and a microsphere,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2277–2280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, F. Lei, S. Kasumie, L. Xu, J. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Tunable erbium-doped microbubble laser fabricated by sol-gel coating,” Opt. Express 25, 1308–1313 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, S. Saurabh, J. M. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “High-Q, ultrathin-walled microbubble resonator for aerostatic pressure sensing,” Opt. Express 24, 294–299 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, R. Madugani, H. Zhao, W. Yang, J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, G. Farrell, G. Brambilla, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Packaged optical add-drop filter based on an optical microfiber coupler and a microsphere,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2277–2280 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. M. Ward, Y. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Glass-on-glass fabrication of bottle-shaped tunable microlasers and their applications,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25152 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, X. Jiang, S. Kasumie, G. Zhao, L. Xu, J. M. Ward, L. Yang, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Four-wave mixing parametric oscillation and frequency comb generation at visible wavelengths in a silica microbubble resonator,” Opt. Lett. 41, 5266–5269 (2016).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of the experimental setup. A tapered fiber is side-coupled to a microsphere for transmission spectra measurements. Aside from direct monitoring of the transmitted light by a PD, an MMF is mounted at different positions (a), (b), (c) to collect the scattered light from the tapered fiber-microsphere coupled system. The blue solid line and the red dashed line represent the resonant light and off-resonant light, respectively.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Normalized transmission spectra and (b) the corresponding transmittance of off-resonant light, for varying taper-microsphere gaps. From A to H, the gap decreases from 2.4 μm to 0. For both (a) and (b), the y axis corresponds to transmittance, which has been normalized with respect to the maximum value observed in the transmission spectrum A.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Transmission spectra and (b) the corresponding transmittance of off-resonant light with varying input polarization direction. From A to E, the polarization direction changes by 90°. The polarization was incremented in steps of 10° for a net change of 400°. (c) The simulated electric field distribution of the linearly polarized, HE11 mode for a fiber with a diameter of 600 nm. The arrows indicate the direction of the electric field along the cross-section.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Transmission spectra for contact coupling with different fiber diameters. From bottom to top, the tapered fiber was translated to increase its diameter at the coupling point. According to the displacement, the diameter was estimated to be 600 nm, 800 nm, 1.2 μm, 1.7 μm, and 3 μm, respectively.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. FEM simulation results. (a) Transmission spectrum: The distribution of the electrical field for (b) resonant case and (c) off-resonant case.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Spectra of the transmission through the ultrathin fiber (red, bottom) and the scattering spectra from the multimode fiber (blue, top). For ease of comparison, the spectra are not normalized but shifted relative to each other. (a), (b), and (c) correspond to the multimode fiber being placed at positions (a), (b), and (c) in Fig. 1.

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