Abstract

This work presents a technique for the design of trans-reflective optical color filters employing a hybrid plasmonic nano-resonator with a dielectric cavity. The proposed filters exhibit wide-angle operation. They offer almost an omnidirectional field-of-view ($FOV$) (0°∼70°), an essential feature for light collection in miniaturized devices. Moreover, the proposed filters exhibit relatively high transmission and reflection (80%–92%) with at least a 14.3% enhancement than presented in literature. Moreover, the proposed filters are polarization independent manifesting a polarization dependent loss ($PDL$) of (−0.17 to −0.5 dB) at angle of incidence ($AOI$) of 70°. Variations in design parameters are introduced to evaluate the equivalent filters performances. Design rules of the filter are presented with physical justifications of the obtained performance curves, hence deducing design guidelines for the proposed color filters that may be further applied in infrared (IR) spectral region.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (5)

2016 (7)

H. Kaushal and G. Kaddoum, “Underwater Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE Access 4, 1518–1547 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. H. Han, D. Y. Kim, D. Kim, and K. C. Choi, “Highly conductive and flexible color filter electrode using multilayer film structure,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29341 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Zhu, H. D. Jin, P. Q. Bi, F. J. Zong, J. Ma, and X. T. Hao, “Performance improvement of TiO2/Ag/ TiO2 multilayer transparent conducting electrode films for application on photodetectors,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(11), 115108 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Trans-Reflective Color Filters Based on a Phase Compensated Etalon Enabling Adjustable Color Saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Yue, S. S. Lee, and E. S. Kim, “Angle-tolerant polarization-tuned color filter exploiting a nanostructured cavity,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17115–17124 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. T. Lee, J. Y. Jang, S. J. Park, U. K. Thakur, C. Ji, L. J. Guo, and H. J. Park, “Subwavelength nanocavity for flexible structural transmissive color generation with a wide viewing angle,” Optica 3(12), 1489–1495 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-tuned dynamic color filters incorporating a dielectric-loaded aluminum nanowire array,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12450 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lee, K. T. Lee, S. Y. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “Decorative power generation panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4192 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Omnidirectional color filters capitalizing on a nano-resonator of Ag-TiO2-Ag integrated with a phase compensating dielectric overlay,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8467 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Non-iridescent Transmissive Structural Color Filter Featuring Highly Efficient Transmission and High Excitation Purity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4921 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

2013 (3)

2012 (1)

D. Zhang, M. Gordon, J. M. Russo, S. Vomdran, M. Escarra, H. Atwater, and R. K. Kostuk, “Reflection hologram solar spectrum-splitting filters,” Proc. SPIE 8468, 846807 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

P. Ma, F. Lin, and J. A. Dobrowolski, “Design and manufacture of metal/dielectric long-wavelength cutoff filters,” Appl. Opt. 50(9), C201–C209 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, H. Shi, Y. K. Wu, A. F. Kaplan, J. G. Ok, and L. J. Guo, “Structural colors: from plasmonic to carbon nanostructures,” Small 7(22), 3128–3136 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. J. Park, T. Xu, J. Y. Lee, A. Ledbetter, and L. J. Guo, “Photonic color filters integrated with organic solar cells for energy harvesting,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7055–7060 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Qiu, L. Zhan, X. Hu, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “Demonstration of color filters for OLED display based on extraordinary optical transmission through periodic hole array on metallic film,” Displays 32(5), 308–312 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

Z. Jaksic, , et al., “Silver–silica transparent metal structures as bandpass filters for the ultraviolet range,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7(1), 51–55 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

H. G. Jung, S. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, B. Y. Kim, and S. Y. Shin, “Tunable Polarization-Dependent Loss Element Based on Acousto-optic Mode Coupling in a Polarization-Maintaining Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(6), 1510–1512 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Shin, M. F. Yanik, S. Fan, R. Zia, and M. L. Brongersma, “Omnidirectional resonance in a metal–dielectric–metal geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4421–4423 (2004).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

1978 (1)

H. A. Macleod, “A new approach to the design of metal-dielectric thin film optical coatings,” Opt. Acta 25(2), 93–106 (1978).
[Crossref]

Abdallah, M.

Agrawal, A.

M. S. Davis, W. Zhu, T. Xu, J. K. Lee, H. J. Lezec, and A. Agrawal, “Aperiodic nanoplasmonic devices for directional colour filtering and sensing,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1347 (2017).
[Crossref]

Anous, N.

Atwater, H.

D. Fleischman, L. A. Sweatlock, H. Murakami, and H. Atwater, “Hyper-selective plasmonic color filters,” Opt. Express 25(22), 27386–27395 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, M. Gordon, J. M. Russo, S. Vomdran, M. Escarra, H. Atwater, and R. K. Kostuk, “Reflection hologram solar spectrum-splitting filters,” Proc. SPIE 8468, 846807 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bi, P. Q.

M. Q. Zhu, H. D. Jin, P. Q. Bi, F. J. Zong, J. Ma, and X. T. Hao, “Performance improvement of TiO2/Ag/ TiO2 multilayer transparent conducting electrode films for application on photodetectors,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(11), 115108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th edition, Cambridge University Pres, New York, USA (1999).

Brongersma, M. L.

H. Shin, M. F. Yanik, S. Fan, R. Zia, and M. L. Brongersma, “Omnidirectional resonance in a metal–dielectric–metal geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4421–4423 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cardenas, J.

Chen, S. H.

Choi, D. Y.

P. Ji, C. S. Park, S. Gao, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Angle-tolerant linear variable color filter based on a tapered etalon,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2153–2161 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Trans-Reflective Color Filters Based on a Phase Compensated Etalon Enabling Adjustable Color Saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Omnidirectional color filters capitalizing on a nano-resonator of Ag-TiO2-Ag integrated with a phase compensating dielectric overlay,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8467 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Non-iridescent Transmissive Structural Color Filter Featuring Highly Efficient Transmission and High Excitation Purity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4921 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-tuned dynamic color filters incorporating a dielectric-loaded aluminum nanowire array,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12450 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. H. Noh, Y. T. Yoon, H. S. Lee, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Highly angle tolerant filter incorporating serially cascaded a-Si based etalons and its application to a compact receiver,” Opt. Express 21(1), 1301–1309 (2013).
[Crossref]

Choi, K. C.

J. H. Han, D. Y. Kim, D. Kim, and K. C. Choi, “Highly conductive and flexible color filter electrode using multilayer film structure,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29341 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chow, C. W.

Davis, M. S.

M. S. Davis, W. Zhu, T. Xu, J. K. Lee, H. J. Lezec, and A. Agrawal, “Aperiodic nanoplasmonic devices for directional colour filtering and sensing,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1347 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dobrowolski, J. A.

Escarra, M.

D. Zhang, M. Gordon, J. M. Russo, S. Vomdran, M. Escarra, H. Atwater, and R. K. Kostuk, “Reflection hologram solar spectrum-splitting filters,” Proc. SPIE 8468, 846807 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

H. Shin, M. F. Yanik, S. Fan, R. Zia, and M. L. Brongersma, “Omnidirectional resonance in a metal–dielectric–metal geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4421–4423 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fang, X.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fleischman, D.

Gao, S.

Gordon, M.

D. Zhang, M. Gordon, J. M. Russo, S. Vomdran, M. Escarra, H. Atwater, and R. K. Kostuk, “Reflection hologram solar spectrum-splitting filters,” Proc. SPIE 8468, 846807 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guha, B.

Guo, J.

Guo, L. J.

K. T. Lee, J. Y. Jang, S. J. Park, U. K. Thakur, C. Ji, L. J. Guo, and H. J. Park, “Subwavelength nanocavity for flexible structural transmissive color generation with a wide viewing angle,” Optica 3(12), 1489–1495 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lee, K. T. Lee, S. Y. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “Decorative power generation panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4192 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Ultrathin metal-semiconductor-metal resonator for angle invariant visible transmission filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(23), 231112 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. J. Park, T. Xu, J. Y. Lee, A. Ledbetter, and L. J. Guo, “Photonic color filters integrated with organic solar cells for energy harvesting,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7055–7060 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, H. Shi, Y. K. Wu, A. F. Kaplan, J. G. Ok, and L. J. Guo, “Structural colors: from plasmonic to carbon nanostructures,” Small 7(22), 3128–3136 (2011).
[Crossref]

Han, J. H.

J. H. Han, D. Y. Kim, D. Kim, and K. C. Choi, “Highly conductive and flexible color filter electrode using multilayer film structure,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29341 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hao, X. T.

M. Q. Zhu, H. D. Jin, P. Q. Bi, F. J. Zong, J. Ma, and X. T. Hao, “Performance improvement of TiO2/Ag/ TiO2 multilayer transparent conducting electrode films for application on photodetectors,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(11), 115108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

Y. Qiu, L. Zhan, X. Hu, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “Demonstration of color filters for OLED display based on extraordinary optical transmission through periodic hole array on metallic film,” Displays 32(5), 308–312 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jaksic, Z.

Z. Jaksic, , et al., “Silver–silica transparent metal structures as bandpass filters for the ultraviolet range,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7(1), 51–55 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jang, J. Y.

Ji, C.

Ji, H. C.

H. G. Jung, S. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, B. Y. Kim, and S. Y. Shin, “Tunable Polarization-Dependent Loss Element Based on Acousto-optic Mode Coupling in a Polarization-Maintaining Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(6), 1510–1512 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ji, P.

Jin, H. D.

M. Q. Zhu, H. D. Jin, P. Q. Bi, F. J. Zong, J. Ma, and X. T. Hao, “Performance improvement of TiO2/Ag/ TiO2 multilayer transparent conducting electrode films for application on photodetectors,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(11), 115108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jung, H. G.

H. G. Jung, S. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, B. Y. Kim, and S. Y. Shin, “Tunable Polarization-Dependent Loss Element Based on Acousto-optic Mode Coupling in a Polarization-Maintaining Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(6), 1510–1512 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kaddoum, G.

H. Kaushal and G. Kaddoum, “Underwater Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE Access 4, 1518–1547 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kaplan, A. F.

T. Xu, H. Shi, Y. K. Wu, A. F. Kaplan, J. G. Ok, and L. J. Guo, “Structural colors: from plasmonic to carbon nanostructures,” Small 7(22), 3128–3136 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kaushal, H.

H. Kaushal and G. Kaddoum, “Underwater Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE Access 4, 1518–1547 (2016).
[Crossref]

Khalil, D.

Kim, B. Y.

H. G. Jung, S. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, B. Y. Kim, and S. Y. Shin, “Tunable Polarization-Dependent Loss Element Based on Acousto-optic Mode Coupling in a Polarization-Maintaining Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(6), 1510–1512 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kim, D.

J. H. Han, D. Y. Kim, D. Kim, and K. C. Choi, “Highly conductive and flexible color filter electrode using multilayer film structure,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29341 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. Y.

J. H. Han, D. Y. Kim, D. Kim, and K. C. Choi, “Highly conductive and flexible color filter electrode using multilayer film structure,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29341 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, E. S.

W. Yue, S. S. Lee, and E. S. Kim, “Angle-tolerant polarization-tuned color filter exploiting a nanostructured cavity,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17115–17124 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-tuned dynamic color filters incorporating a dielectric-loaded aluminum nanowire array,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12450 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Omnidirectional color filters capitalizing on a nano-resonator of Ag-TiO2-Ag integrated with a phase compensating dielectric overlay,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8467 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Non-iridescent Transmissive Structural Color Filter Featuring Highly Efficient Transmission and High Excitation Purity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4921 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. H. Park, Y. T. Yoon, V. R. Shrestha, C. S. Park, S. S. Lee, and E. S. Kim, “Electrically tunable color filter based on a polarization-tailored nano-photonic dichroic resonator featuring an asymmetric subwavelength grating,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28783–28793 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kostuk, R. K.

D. Zhang, M. Gordon, J. M. Russo, S. Vomdran, M. Escarra, H. Atwater, and R. K. Kostuk, “Reflection hologram solar spectrum-splitting filters,” Proc. SPIE 8468, 846807 (2012).
[Crossref]

Larouche, S.

Ledbetter, A.

H. J. Park, T. Xu, J. Y. Lee, A. Ledbetter, and L. J. Guo, “Photonic color filters integrated with organic solar cells for energy harvesting,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7055–7060 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. S.

Lee, J. K.

M. S. Davis, W. Zhu, T. Xu, J. K. Lee, H. J. Lezec, and A. Agrawal, “Aperiodic nanoplasmonic devices for directional colour filtering and sensing,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1347 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. Y.

J. Y. Lee, K. T. Lee, S. Y. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “Decorative power generation panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4192 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Ultrathin metal-semiconductor-metal resonator for angle invariant visible transmission filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(23), 231112 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. J. Park, T. Xu, J. Y. Lee, A. Ledbetter, and L. J. Guo, “Photonic color filters integrated with organic solar cells for energy harvesting,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7055–7060 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. T.

K. T. Lee, J. Y. Jang, S. J. Park, U. K. Thakur, C. Ji, L. J. Guo, and H. J. Park, “Subwavelength nanocavity for flexible structural transmissive color generation with a wide viewing angle,” Optica 3(12), 1489–1495 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lee, K. T. Lee, S. Y. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “Decorative power generation panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4192 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Ultrathin metal-semiconductor-metal resonator for angle invariant visible transmission filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(23), 231112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

H. G. Jung, S. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, B. Y. Kim, and S. Y. Shin, “Tunable Polarization-Dependent Loss Element Based on Acousto-optic Mode Coupling in a Polarization-Maintaining Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(6), 1510–1512 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. S.

P. Ji, C. S. Park, S. Gao, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Angle-tolerant linear variable color filter based on a tapered etalon,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2153–2161 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Trans-Reflective Color Filters Based on a Phase Compensated Etalon Enabling Adjustable Color Saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Yue, S. S. Lee, and E. S. Kim, “Angle-tolerant polarization-tuned color filter exploiting a nanostructured cavity,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17115–17124 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-tuned dynamic color filters incorporating a dielectric-loaded aluminum nanowire array,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12450 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Omnidirectional color filters capitalizing on a nano-resonator of Ag-TiO2-Ag integrated with a phase compensating dielectric overlay,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8467 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Non-iridescent Transmissive Structural Color Filter Featuring Highly Efficient Transmission and High Excitation Purity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4921 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. H. Noh, Y. T. Yoon, H. S. Lee, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Highly angle tolerant filter incorporating serially cascaded a-Si based etalons and its application to a compact receiver,” Opt. Express 21(1), 1301–1309 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. H. Park, Y. T. Yoon, V. R. Shrestha, C. S. Park, S. S. Lee, and E. S. Kim, “Electrically tunable color filter based on a polarization-tailored nano-photonic dichroic resonator featuring an asymmetric subwavelength grating,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28783–28793 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. T. Yoon and S. S. Lee, “Transmission type color filter incorporating a silver film based etalon,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5344–5349 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lezec, H. J.

M. S. Davis, W. Zhu, T. Xu, J. K. Lee, H. J. Lezec, and A. Agrawal, “Aperiodic nanoplasmonic devices for directional colour filtering and sensing,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1347 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, K.

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liang, R.

R. Liang, Biomedical Optical Imaging Technologies: Design and Applications (Springer, 2013), Chapter 4.

Lin, F.

Lipson, M.

Lissberger, P. H.

Liu, X.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, S.

Y. Qiu, L. Zhan, X. Hu, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “Demonstration of color filters for OLED display based on extraordinary optical transmission through periodic hole array on metallic film,” Displays 32(5), 308–312 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ma, J.

M. Q. Zhu, H. D. Jin, P. Q. Bi, F. J. Zong, J. Ma, and X. T. Hao, “Performance improvement of TiO2/Ag/ TiO2 multilayer transparent conducting electrode films for application on photodetectors,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(11), 115108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ma, P.

Macleod, H. A.

H. A. Macleod, “A new approach to the design of metal-dielectric thin film optical coatings,” Opt. Acta 25(2), 93–106 (1978).
[Crossref]

H. A. Macleod, Thin-film optical filters, IOP, 3rd edition, Section 11.4 (2001).

Mao, K.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

Martinu, L.

Mirshafieyan, S. S.

Murakami, H.

Noh, T. H.

Ok, J. G.

T. Xu, H. Shi, Y. K. Wu, A. F. Kaplan, J. G. Ok, and L. J. Guo, “Structural colors: from plasmonic to carbon nanostructures,” Small 7(22), 3128–3136 (2011).
[Crossref]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of optical constants of solids. Academic Press: Orlando (1985).

Park, C. H.

Park, C. S.

P. Ji, C. S. Park, S. Gao, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Angle-tolerant linear variable color filter based on a tapered etalon,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2153–2161 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Trans-Reflective Color Filters Based on a Phase Compensated Etalon Enabling Adjustable Color Saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Omnidirectional color filters capitalizing on a nano-resonator of Ag-TiO2-Ag integrated with a phase compensating dielectric overlay,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8467 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. H. Park, Y. T. Yoon, V. R. Shrestha, C. S. Park, S. S. Lee, and E. S. Kim, “Electrically tunable color filter based on a polarization-tailored nano-photonic dichroic resonator featuring an asymmetric subwavelength grating,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28783–28793 (2013).
[Crossref]

Park, H. J.

K. T. Lee, J. Y. Jang, S. J. Park, U. K. Thakur, C. Ji, L. J. Guo, and H. J. Park, “Subwavelength nanocavity for flexible structural transmissive color generation with a wide viewing angle,” Optica 3(12), 1489–1495 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. J. Park, T. Xu, J. Y. Lee, A. Ledbetter, and L. J. Guo, “Photonic color filters integrated with organic solar cells for energy harvesting,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7055–7060 (2011).
[Crossref]

Park, S. J.

Qaraqe, K.

Qiu, Y.

Y. Qiu, L. Zhan, X. Hu, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “Demonstration of color filters for OLED display based on extraordinary optical transmission through periodic hole array on metallic film,” Displays 32(5), 308–312 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ramadan, T.

Russo, J. M.

D. Zhang, M. Gordon, J. M. Russo, S. Vomdran, M. Escarra, H. Atwater, and R. K. Kostuk, “Reflection hologram solar spectrum-splitting filters,” Proc. SPIE 8468, 846807 (2012).
[Crossref]

Seo, S.

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Ultrathin metal-semiconductor-metal resonator for angle invariant visible transmission filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(23), 231112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Seo, S. Y.

J. Y. Lee, K. T. Lee, S. Y. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “Decorative power generation panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4192 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shen, W.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shi, H.

T. Xu, H. Shi, Y. K. Wu, A. F. Kaplan, J. G. Ok, and L. J. Guo, “Structural colors: from plasmonic to carbon nanostructures,” Small 7(22), 3128–3136 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shin, H.

H. Shin, M. F. Yanik, S. Fan, R. Zia, and M. L. Brongersma, “Omnidirectional resonance in a metal–dielectric–metal geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4421–4423 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shin, S. Y.

H. G. Jung, S. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, B. Y. Kim, and S. Y. Shin, “Tunable Polarization-Dependent Loss Element Based on Acousto-optic Mode Coupling in a Polarization-Maintaining Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(6), 1510–1512 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shrestha, V. R.

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Trans-Reflective Color Filters Based on a Phase Compensated Etalon Enabling Adjustable Color Saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Omnidirectional color filters capitalizing on a nano-resonator of Ag-TiO2-Ag integrated with a phase compensating dielectric overlay,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8467 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Non-iridescent Transmissive Structural Color Filter Featuring Highly Efficient Transmission and High Excitation Purity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4921 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-tuned dynamic color filters incorporating a dielectric-loaded aluminum nanowire array,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12450 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. H. Park, Y. T. Yoon, V. R. Shrestha, C. S. Park, S. S. Lee, and E. S. Kim, “Electrically tunable color filter based on a polarization-tailored nano-photonic dichroic resonator featuring an asymmetric subwavelength grating,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28783–28793 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sweatlock, L. A.

Thakur, U. K.

Vomdran, S.

D. Zhang, M. Gordon, J. M. Russo, S. Vomdran, M. Escarra, H. Atwater, and R. K. Kostuk, “Reflection hologram solar spectrum-splitting filters,” Proc. SPIE 8468, 846807 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th edition, Cambridge University Pres, New York, USA (1999).

Wu, Y. K.

T. Xu, H. Shi, Y. K. Wu, A. F. Kaplan, J. G. Ok, and L. J. Guo, “Structural colors: from plasmonic to carbon nanostructures,” Small 7(22), 3128–3136 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xia, Y.

Y. Qiu, L. Zhan, X. Hu, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “Demonstration of color filters for OLED display based on extraordinary optical transmission through periodic hole array on metallic film,” Displays 32(5), 308–312 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, T.

M. S. Davis, W. Zhu, T. Xu, J. K. Lee, H. J. Lezec, and A. Agrawal, “Aperiodic nanoplasmonic devices for directional colour filtering and sensing,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1347 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. J. Park, T. Xu, J. Y. Lee, A. Ledbetter, and L. J. Guo, “Photonic color filters integrated with organic solar cells for energy harvesting,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7055–7060 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, H. Shi, Y. K. Wu, A. F. Kaplan, J. G. Ok, and L. J. Guo, “Structural colors: from plasmonic to carbon nanostructures,” Small 7(22), 3128–3136 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yanik, M. F.

H. Shin, M. F. Yanik, S. Fan, R. Zia, and M. L. Brongersma, “Omnidirectional resonance in a metal–dielectric–metal geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4421–4423 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh, Optical waves in layered media, Wiley series in pure and applied optics, Wiley, Section 7.6, (2005).

Yoon, Y. T.

Yuan, W.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yue, W.

Zhan, L.

Y. Qiu, L. Zhan, X. Hu, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “Demonstration of color filters for OLED display based on extraordinary optical transmission through periodic hole array on metallic film,” Displays 32(5), 308–312 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

D. Zhang, M. Gordon, J. M. Russo, S. Vomdran, M. Escarra, H. Atwater, and R. K. Kostuk, “Reflection hologram solar spectrum-splitting filters,” Proc. SPIE 8468, 846807 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, M. Q.

M. Q. Zhu, H. D. Jin, P. Q. Bi, F. J. Zong, J. Ma, and X. T. Hao, “Performance improvement of TiO2/Ag/ TiO2 multilayer transparent conducting electrode films for application on photodetectors,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(11), 115108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, W.

M. S. Davis, W. Zhu, T. Xu, J. K. Lee, H. J. Lezec, and A. Agrawal, “Aperiodic nanoplasmonic devices for directional colour filtering and sensing,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1347 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zia, R.

H. Shin, M. F. Yanik, S. Fan, R. Zia, and M. L. Brongersma, “Omnidirectional resonance in a metal–dielectric–metal geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4421–4423 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zong, F. J.

M. Q. Zhu, H. D. Jin, P. Q. Bi, F. J. Zong, J. Ma, and X. T. Hao, “Performance improvement of TiO2/Ag/ TiO2 multilayer transparent conducting electrode films for application on photodetectors,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(11), 115108 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

H. J. Park, T. Xu, J. Y. Lee, A. Ledbetter, and L. J. Guo, “Photonic color filters integrated with organic solar cells for energy harvesting,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7055–7060 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Ultrathin metal-semiconductor-metal resonator for angle invariant visible transmission filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(23), 231112 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Shin, M. F. Yanik, S. Fan, R. Zia, and M. L. Brongersma, “Omnidirectional resonance in a metal–dielectric–metal geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4421–4423 (2004).
[Crossref]

Displays (1)

Y. Qiu, L. Zhan, X. Hu, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “Demonstration of color filters for OLED display based on extraordinary optical transmission through periodic hole array on metallic film,” Displays 32(5), 308–312 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Access (1)

H. Kaushal and G. Kaddoum, “Underwater Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE Access 4, 1518–1547 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

H. G. Jung, S. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, B. Y. Kim, and S. Y. Shin, “Tunable Polarization-Dependent Loss Element Based on Acousto-optic Mode Coupling in a Polarization-Maintaining Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(6), 1510–1512 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

Z. Jaksic, , et al., “Silver–silica transparent metal structures as bandpass filters for the ultraviolet range,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7(1), 51–55 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Q. Zhu, H. D. Jin, P. Q. Bi, F. J. Zong, J. Ma, and X. T. Hao, “Performance improvement of TiO2/Ag/ TiO2 multilayer transparent conducting electrode films for application on photodetectors,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(11), 115108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

M. S. Davis, W. Zhu, T. Xu, J. K. Lee, H. J. Lezec, and A. Agrawal, “Aperiodic nanoplasmonic devices for directional colour filtering and sensing,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1347 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Acta (1)

H. A. Macleod, “A new approach to the design of metal-dielectric thin film optical coatings,” Opt. Acta 25(2), 93–106 (1978).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

Y. T. Yoon and S. S. Lee, “Transmission type color filter incorporating a silver film based etalon,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5344–5349 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Guha, J. Cardenas, and M. Lipson, “Athermal silicon microring resonators with titanium oxide cladding,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26557–26563 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. H. Noh, Y. T. Yoon, H. S. Lee, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Highly angle tolerant filter incorporating serially cascaded a-Si based etalons and its application to a compact receiver,” Opt. Express 21(1), 1301–1309 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. H. Park, Y. T. Yoon, V. R. Shrestha, C. S. Park, S. S. Lee, and E. S. Kim, “Electrically tunable color filter based on a polarization-tailored nano-photonic dichroic resonator featuring an asymmetric subwavelength grating,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28783–28793 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. S. Mirshafieyan and J. Guo, “Silicon colors: spectral selective perfect light absorption in single layer silicon films on aluminum surface and its thermal tunability,” Opt. Express 22(25), 31545–31554 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. H. Chen and C. W. Chow, “Color-filter-free spatial visible light communication using RGB-LED and mobile-phone camera,” Opt. Express 22(25), 30713–30718 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Fleischman, L. A. Sweatlock, H. Murakami, and H. Atwater, “Hyper-selective plasmonic color filters,” Opt. Express 25(22), 27386–27395 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Yue, S. S. Lee, and E. S. Kim, “Angle-tolerant polarization-tuned color filter exploiting a nanostructured cavity,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17115–17124 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Ji, C. S. Park, S. Gao, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Angle-tolerant linear variable color filter based on a tapered etalon,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2153–2161 (2017).
[Crossref]

Optica (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. Zhang, M. Gordon, J. M. Russo, S. Vomdran, M. Escarra, H. Atwater, and R. K. Kostuk, “Reflection hologram solar spectrum-splitting filters,” Proc. SPIE 8468, 846807 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (8)

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Non-iridescent Transmissive Structural Color Filter Featuring Highly Efficient Transmission and High Excitation Purity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4921 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Polarization-tuned dynamic color filters incorporating a dielectric-loaded aluminum nanowire array,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12450 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. Han, D. Y. Kim, D. Kim, and K. C. Choi, “Highly conductive and flexible color filter electrode using multilayer film structure,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29341 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, and D. Y. Choi, “Trans-Reflective Color Filters Based on a Phase Compensated Etalon Enabling Adjustable Color Saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S. S. Lee, E. S. Kim, and D. Y. Choi, “Omnidirectional color filters capitalizing on a nano-resonator of Ag-TiO2-Ag integrated with a phase compensating dielectric overlay,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8467 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lee, K. T. Lee, S. Y. Seo, and L. J. Guo, “Decorative power generation panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4192 (2015).
[Crossref]

Small (1)

T. Xu, H. Shi, Y. K. Wu, A. F. Kaplan, J. G. Ok, and L. J. Guo, “Structural colors: from plasmonic to carbon nanostructures,” Small 7(22), 3128–3136 (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (9)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th edition, Cambridge University Pres, New York, USA (1999).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of optical constants of solids. Academic Press: Orlando (1985).

R. Liang, Biomedical Optical Imaging Technologies: Design and Applications (Springer, 2013), Chapter 4.

http://www.cree.com/∼/media/Files/Cree/LED-Components-and-Modules/XLamp/Data-and-Binning/XLampXML.pdf

http://larfis.polymtl.ca/index.php/en/links/openfilters/openfiltersdownload-en

https://support.hunterlab.com/hc/en-us/articles/203928055-CIE-Illuminants-for-White-LEDs

https://www.mat.univie.ac.at/~kriegl/Skripten/CG/node9.html

H. A. Macleod, Thin-film optical filters, IOP, 3rd edition, Section 11.4 (2001).

P. Yeh, Optical waves in layered media, Wiley series in pure and applied optics, Wiley, Section 7.6, (2005).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Trans-reflective filter configuration. Dimensions given in Table 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Transmission behaviour of a single metal layer versus MI and IMI geometries under normal incidence.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Transmission behaviour comparison of nano-resonators I and II under normal incidence.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Transmission, (b) corresponding reflection behaviour of proposed color filters in Fig. 1 under normal incidence, and (c) Comparison of proposed filters transmission with recently published filter in [17].
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) TiO2 thickness effect on (i) maximum transmission value (ii) cut-on and cut-off wavelengths, and (iii) transmission bandwidth, (b) Peaks I and II for different TiO2/Ag(20 nm)/TiO2 thicknesses, (c) Si over-layer (cavity) effect on (i) maximum transmission value (ii) cut-on and cut-off wavelengths, and (iii) transmission bandwidth, (d) Ag layer thickness effect on (i) maximum transmission value (ii) cut-on and cut-off wavelengths, and (iii) transmission bandwidth.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Color trajectories from 0° to 89° for (a) blue-yellow, (b) green-magenta and (c) red-cyan filters of Fig. 1 and Fig. 4.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. The CIE 1931 color space chromaticity diagram. The outer curved boundary is the spectral locus, with wavelengths shown in nanometers [40].
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Calculated color maps of the proposed filters in Table 1. The transmitted/reflected color variation with AOIs variation is shown.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. (a). Blue-yellow filter transmission characteristics under different $AOI{\textrm{s}}$, (i) Maximum passband transmission, with $PDL$ computation, (ii) Variations in ${\lambda _o}$, and (iii) transmission bandwidth, all under TM and TE incident lights, (b). Green-magenta filter transmission characteristics under different $AOI{\textrm{s}}$, (i) Maximum passband transmission, with $PDL$ computation, (ii) Variations in ${\lambda _o}$, and (iii) transmission bandwidth, all under TM and TE incident lights, (c). Red-cyan filter transmission characteristics under different $AOI{\textrm{s}}$, (i) Maximum passband transmission, with $PDL$ computation, (ii) Variations in ${\lambda _o}$, and (iii) transmission bandwidth, all under TM and TE incident lights.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. (a) Normalized squared TM field profiles at normal incidence for blue-yellow filter at λ = 425nm and 580nm, respectively, (b) Normalized squared TM field profiles at normal incidence for green-magenta filter at λ = 535nm and 415nm, respectively.

Tables (2)

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Table 1. Optimized proposed color filter structures of Fig. 1. First layer is adjacent to the substrate.

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Table 2. Refractive indices of employed materials in Table 1 filters for different λ o [25].

Equations (2)

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δ = 2 β . L + φ r a + φ r b
P D L ( d B ) = T T M ( d B ) T T E ( d B )

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