Abstract

A compound eye is a way to reach miniature imaging systems. This paper discusses design and image evaluation of novel high resolution concave superposition compound eyes with a planar or curved detector. In the superposition system, each channel images all of fields of view of the system. This designed system contains three curved micro lens arrays with aspheric surfaces for the concave superposition eye. We have simulated and optimized a high resolution system by using geometrical and diffraction-based methods.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  1. R. Völkel, M. Eisner, and K. J. Weible, “Miniaturized imaging systems,” Microelectron. Eng. 67-68, 461–472 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  2. T. Nakamura, R. Horisaki, and J. Tanida, “Computational superposition compound eye imaging for extended depth-offield and field-of-view,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27482–27495 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. Duparré, P. Schreiber, A. Matthes, E. Pshenay-Severin, A. Bräuer, A. Tünnermann, R. Völkel, M. Eisner, and T. Scharf, “Microoptical telescope compound eye,” Opt. Express 13(3), 889–903 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  4. A. Garza-Rivera and F.-J. Renero-Carrillo, “Design of Artificial Apposition Compound Eye with Cylindrical Micro-Doublets,” Opt. Rev. 18(1), 184–186 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. R. Fallah and A. Karimzadeh, “MTF of compound eye,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12304–12310 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Duparré, P. Schreiber, and R. Völkel, “Theoretical analysis of an artificial superposition compound eye for application in ultra at digital image acquisition devices,” in Optical systems design, Proc. SPIE 5249, SPIE, (St. Etienne, France), September 2003.
  7. HR Fallah and A. Karimzadeh, “Design and simulation of a high-resolution superposition compound eye,” J. Mod. Opt. 54(1), 67–76 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  8. N. Lindlein, “Simulation of micro-optical systems including microlens arrays,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 4(4), S1–S9 (2002).
    [Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

A. Garza-Rivera and F.-J. Renero-Carrillo, “Design of Artificial Apposition Compound Eye with Cylindrical Micro-Doublets,” Opt. Rev. 18(1), 184–186 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2007 (1)

HR Fallah and A. Karimzadeh, “Design and simulation of a high-resolution superposition compound eye,” J. Mod. Opt. 54(1), 67–76 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

R. Völkel, M. Eisner, and K. J. Weible, “Miniaturized imaging systems,” Microelectron. Eng. 67-68, 461–472 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

N. Lindlein, “Simulation of micro-optical systems including microlens arrays,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 4(4), S1–S9 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bräuer, A.

Duparré, J.

J. Duparré, P. Schreiber, A. Matthes, E. Pshenay-Severin, A. Bräuer, A. Tünnermann, R. Völkel, M. Eisner, and T. Scharf, “Microoptical telescope compound eye,” Opt. Express 13(3), 889–903 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Duparré, P. Schreiber, and R. Völkel, “Theoretical analysis of an artificial superposition compound eye for application in ultra at digital image acquisition devices,” in Optical systems design, Proc. SPIE 5249, SPIE, (St. Etienne, France), September 2003.

Eisner, M.

Fallah, H. R.

Fallah, HR

HR Fallah and A. Karimzadeh, “Design and simulation of a high-resolution superposition compound eye,” J. Mod. Opt. 54(1), 67–76 (2007).
[Crossref]

Garza-Rivera, A.

A. Garza-Rivera and F.-J. Renero-Carrillo, “Design of Artificial Apposition Compound Eye with Cylindrical Micro-Doublets,” Opt. Rev. 18(1), 184–186 (2011).
[Crossref]

Horisaki, R.

Karimzadeh, A.

H. R. Fallah and A. Karimzadeh, “MTF of compound eye,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12304–12310 (2010).
[Crossref]

HR Fallah and A. Karimzadeh, “Design and simulation of a high-resolution superposition compound eye,” J. Mod. Opt. 54(1), 67–76 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lindlein, N.

N. Lindlein, “Simulation of micro-optical systems including microlens arrays,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 4(4), S1–S9 (2002).
[Crossref]

Matthes, A.

Nakamura, T.

Pshenay-Severin, E.

Renero-Carrillo, F.-J.

A. Garza-Rivera and F.-J. Renero-Carrillo, “Design of Artificial Apposition Compound Eye with Cylindrical Micro-Doublets,” Opt. Rev. 18(1), 184–186 (2011).
[Crossref]

Scharf, T.

Schreiber, P.

J. Duparré, P. Schreiber, A. Matthes, E. Pshenay-Severin, A. Bräuer, A. Tünnermann, R. Völkel, M. Eisner, and T. Scharf, “Microoptical telescope compound eye,” Opt. Express 13(3), 889–903 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Duparré, P. Schreiber, and R. Völkel, “Theoretical analysis of an artificial superposition compound eye for application in ultra at digital image acquisition devices,” in Optical systems design, Proc. SPIE 5249, SPIE, (St. Etienne, France), September 2003.

Tanida, J.

Tünnermann, A.

Völkel, R.

J. Duparré, P. Schreiber, A. Matthes, E. Pshenay-Severin, A. Bräuer, A. Tünnermann, R. Völkel, M. Eisner, and T. Scharf, “Microoptical telescope compound eye,” Opt. Express 13(3), 889–903 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Völkel, M. Eisner, and K. J. Weible, “Miniaturized imaging systems,” Microelectron. Eng. 67-68, 461–472 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Duparré, P. Schreiber, and R. Völkel, “Theoretical analysis of an artificial superposition compound eye for application in ultra at digital image acquisition devices,” in Optical systems design, Proc. SPIE 5249, SPIE, (St. Etienne, France), September 2003.

Weible, K. J.

R. Völkel, M. Eisner, and K. J. Weible, “Miniaturized imaging systems,” Microelectron. Eng. 67-68, 461–472 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

HR Fallah and A. Karimzadeh, “Design and simulation of a high-resolution superposition compound eye,” J. Mod. Opt. 54(1), 67–76 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

N. Lindlein, “Simulation of micro-optical systems including microlens arrays,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 4(4), S1–S9 (2002).
[Crossref]

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

R. Völkel, M. Eisner, and K. J. Weible, “Miniaturized imaging systems,” Microelectron. Eng. 67-68, 461–472 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Rev. (1)

A. Garza-Rivera and F.-J. Renero-Carrillo, “Design of Artificial Apposition Compound Eye with Cylindrical Micro-Doublets,” Opt. Rev. 18(1), 184–186 (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

J. Duparré, P. Schreiber, and R. Völkel, “Theoretical analysis of an artificial superposition compound eye for application in ultra at digital image acquisition devices,” in Optical systems design, Proc. SPIE 5249, SPIE, (St. Etienne, France), September 2003.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Layout of superposition compound eye consisting of microlens arrays.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. One channel layout
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. One channel layout of superposition compound eye
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Layout of concave superposition compound eye
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. MTF of one channel of superposition compound eye.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. MTF of superposition compound eye (all channels).
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Spot diagram of superposition compound eye (all channels).

Tables (1)

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Table 1. One channel surfaces specifications

Equations (6)

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θ 2 θ 1 θ 1 = R BFL
A = [ 1 1 f 3 t 3 1 t 3 f 3 ] [ 1 1 f 2 t 2 1 t 2 f 2 ] [ 1 1 f 1 t 1 1 t 1 f 1 ]
[ θ y ] = A [ θ y ]
θ 2 = A 11 θ 1 + A 12 y p
θ 2 = [ 1 t 1 f 2 1 f 3 ( t 1 + t 2 t 1 t 2 f 2 ) ] θ 1
θ 2 θ 1 θ 1 = t 1 f 2 t 1 f 3 t 2 f 3 + t 1 t 2 f 2 f 3 = R t 3

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