Abstract

Orbital angular momentum (OAM) beams have recently attracted attention due to their intrinsic properties and their many novelty applications. The use of dielectric metasurfaces as highly efficient and ultra-thin functional optical platforms for OAM beam generation has been discussed in detail in earlier research. However, reflective all-dielectric metasurfaces for high quality OAM beam generation have been rarely investigated. In this work, a high-quality OAM beam generator applying an all-dielectric reflective metasurface is proposed, with an operation waveband from 1500 to 1600 nm. Simulation results show that good quality OAM beams (mode purity ∼99%) can be generated with high efficiency (conversion rate >97%) and high reflectance (>0.8). With such superior performance, the proposed reflective all-dielectric metasurface can provide new possibilities in free-space optical communication systems.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2019 (2)

W. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Z. Bharwani, and F. Capasso, “A broadband achromatic polarization-insensitive metalens consisting of anisotropic nanostructures,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 355 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Ji, J. Song, C. Huang, X. Wu, and X. Luo, “Dual-band vortex beam generation with different OAM modes using single-layer metasurface,” Opt. Express 27(1), 34–44 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (5)

Z. Ma, S. M. Hanham, Y. Gong, and M. Hong, “All-dielectric reflective half-wave plate metasurface based on the anisotropic excitation of electric and magnetic dipole resonances,” Opt. Lett. 43(4), 911–914 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Bi, Z. Ba, and X. Wang, “Metasurface-based broadband orbital angular momentum generator in millimeter wave region,” Opt. Express 26(20), 25693–25705 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gradient metasurfaces: a review of fundamentals and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(2), 026401 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. M. Kamali, E. Arbabi, A. Arbabi, and A. Faraon, “A review of dielectric optical metasurfaces for wavefront control,” Nanophotonics 7(6), 1041–1068 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wen, I. Chremmos, Y. Chen, J. Zhu, Y. Zhang, and S. Yu, “Spiral Transformation for High-Resolution and Efficient Sorting of Optical Vortex Modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120(19), 193904 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

H. Xu, H. Liu, X. Ling, Y. Sun, and F. Yuan, “Broadband vortex beam generation using multimode Pancharatnam–Berry metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(12), 7378–7382 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Genevet, F. Capasso, F. Aieta, M. Khorasaninejad, and R. Devlin, “Recent advances in planar optics: from plasmonic to dielectric metasurfaces,” Optica 4(1), 139–152 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

S. Fu and C. Gao, “Influences of atmospheric turbulence effects on the orbital angular momentum spectra of vortex beams,” Photonics Res. 4(5), B1–B4 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Ma, S. M. Hanham, P. Albella, B. Ng, H. T. Lu, Y. Gong, S. A. Maier, and M. Hong, “Terahertz All-Dielectric Magnetic Mirror Metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1010–1018 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Kruk, B. Hopkins, I. I. Kravchenko, A. Miroshnichenko, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Broadband highly efficient dielectric metadevices for polarization control,” APL Photonics 1(3), 030801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Guo, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Jin, P. Gao, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Merging Geometric Phase and Plasmon Retardation Phase in Continuously Shaped Metasurfaces for Arbitrary Orbital Angular Momentum Generation,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2022–2029 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffractionlimited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband High-Efficiency Half-Wave Plate: A Supercell-Based Plasmonic Metasurface Approach,” ACS Nano 9(4), 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, “Principles of electromagnetic waves in metasurfaces,” Sci. China: Phys., Mech. Astron. 58(9), 594201 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. L. Boris, V. V. Nikolai, P. Ramón, and A. I. Kuznetsov, “Optimum Forward Light Scattering by Spherical and Spheroidal Dielectric Nanoparticles with High Refractive Index,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 993–999 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao and J. Wang, “High-base vector beam encoding/decoding for visible-light communications,” Opt. Lett. 40(21), 4843–4846 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

R. Niemiec, C. Brousseau, K. Mahdjoubi, O. Emile, and A. Ménard, “Characterization of an OAM flat-plate antenna in the millimeter frequency band,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 13, 1011–1014 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Schemmel, G. Pisano, and B. Maffei, “Modular spiral phase plate design for orbital angular momentum generation at millimetre wavelengths,” Opt. Express 22(12), 14712–14726 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric Meta-Reflectarray for Broadband Linear Polarization Conversion and Optical Vortex Generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. Hu, Y. Hu, G. Ma, R. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4(2), 021026 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

X. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light: Sci. Appl. 2(4), e72 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Mirhosseini, M. Malik, Z. Shi, and R. W. Boyd, “Efficient separation of the orbital angular momentum eigenstates of light,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2781 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. S. Ostrovsky, C. Rickenstorff-Parrao, and V. Arrizón, “Generation of the “perfect” optical vortex using a liquid-crystal spatial light modulator,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 534–536 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

B. Rodenburg, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Malik, M. N. O’Sullivan, M. Mirhosseini, D. J. Robertson, M. Padgett, and R. W. Boyd, “Influence of atmospheric turbulence on states of light carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3735–3737 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Li, T. H. Lan, C. H. Tien, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional orientation-unlimited polarization encryption by a single optically configured vectorial beam,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 998 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. C. Hasnain and W. Yang, “High-contrast gratings for integrated optoelectronics,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 4(3), 379–440 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

W. Cheng, J. W. Haus, and Q. Zhan, “Propagation of vector vortex beams through a turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17829–17836 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, F. Zhang, and D. Lippensc, “Mie resonancebased dielectric metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12(12), 60–69 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

Y. Liu, C. Gao, M. Gao, and F. Li, “Coherent-mode representation and orbital angular momentum spectrum of partially coherent beam,” Opt. Commun. 281(8), 1968–1975 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

Y. Zhao, J. S. Edgar, G. D. Jeffries, D. McGloin, and D. T. Chiu, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in a strongly focused optical beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(7), 073901 (2007).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

G. A. Turnbull, D. A. Robertson, G. M. Smith, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “The generation of free-space Laguerre-Gaussian modes at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 127(4-6), 183–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, and A. G. White, “Generation of optical phase singularities by computer-generated holograms,” Opt. Lett. 17(3), 221–223 (1992).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

Aieta, F.

Albella, P.

Z. Ma, S. M. Hanham, P. Albella, B. Ng, H. T. Lu, Y. Gong, S. A. Maier, and M. Hong, “Terahertz All-Dielectric Magnetic Mirror Metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1010–1018 (2016).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

G. A. Turnbull, D. A. Robertson, G. M. Smith, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “The generation of free-space Laguerre-Gaussian modes at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 127(4-6), 183–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Arbabi, A.

S. M. Kamali, E. Arbabi, A. Arbabi, and A. Faraon, “A review of dielectric optical metasurfaces for wavefront control,” Nanophotonics 7(6), 1041–1068 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref]

Arbabi, E.

S. M. Kamali, E. Arbabi, A. Arbabi, and A. Faraon, “A review of dielectric optical metasurfaces for wavefront control,” Nanophotonics 7(6), 1041–1068 (2018).
[Crossref]

Arrizón, V.

Azad, A. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ba, Z.

Bagheri, M.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Bharwani, Z.

W. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Z. Bharwani, and F. Capasso, “A broadband achromatic polarization-insensitive metalens consisting of anisotropic nanostructures,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 355 (2019).
[Crossref]

Bi, F.

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1998).

Boris, S. L.

S. L. Boris, V. V. Nikolai, P. Ramón, and A. I. Kuznetsov, “Optimum Forward Light Scattering by Spherical and Spheroidal Dielectric Nanoparticles with High Refractive Index,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 993–999 (2015).
[Crossref]

Boyd, R. W.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

F. Ding, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gradient metasurfaces: a review of fundamentals and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(2), 026401 (2018).
[Crossref]

Briggs, D. P.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric Meta-Reflectarray for Broadband Linear Polarization Conversion and Optical Vortex Generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brousseau, C.

R. Niemiec, C. Brousseau, K. Mahdjoubi, O. Emile, and A. Ménard, “Characterization of an OAM flat-plate antenna in the millimeter frequency band,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 13, 1011–1014 (2014).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

W. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Z. Bharwani, and F. Capasso, “A broadband achromatic polarization-insensitive metalens consisting of anisotropic nanostructures,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 355 (2019).
[Crossref]

P. Genevet, F. Capasso, F. Aieta, M. Khorasaninejad, and R. Devlin, “Recent advances in planar optics: from plasmonic to dielectric metasurfaces,” Optica 4(1), 139–152 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffractionlimited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

W. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Z. Bharwani, and F. Capasso, “A broadband achromatic polarization-insensitive metalens consisting of anisotropic nanostructures,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 355 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffractionlimited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

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Ramón, P.

S. L. Boris, V. V. Nikolai, P. Ramón, and A. I. Kuznetsov, “Optimum Forward Light Scattering by Spherical and Spheroidal Dielectric Nanoparticles with High Refractive Index,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 993–999 (2015).
[Crossref]

Reiten, M. T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ren, H.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rickenstorff-Parrao, C.

Robertson, D. A.

G. A. Turnbull, D. A. Robertson, G. M. Smith, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “The generation of free-space Laguerre-Gaussian modes at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 127(4-6), 183–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Robertson, D. J.

Rodenburg, B.

Sato, S.

Schemmel, P.

Shalaev, V. M.

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband High-Efficiency Half-Wave Plate: A Supercell-Based Plasmonic Metasurface Approach,” ACS Nano 9(4), 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light: Sci. Appl. 2(4), e72 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shi, Z.

M. Mirhosseini, M. Malik, Z. Shi, and R. W. Boyd, “Efficient separation of the orbital angular momentum eigenstates of light,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2781 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sisler, J.

W. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Z. Bharwani, and F. Capasso, “A broadband achromatic polarization-insensitive metalens consisting of anisotropic nanostructures,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 355 (2019).
[Crossref]

Smith, C. P.

Smith, G. M.

G. A. Turnbull, D. A. Robertson, G. M. Smith, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “The generation of free-space Laguerre-Gaussian modes at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 127(4-6), 183–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Song, J.

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sun, C.

S. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. Hu, Y. Hu, G. Ma, R. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4(2), 021026 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

H. Xu, H. Liu, X. Ling, Y. Sun, and F. Yuan, “Broadband vortex beam generation using multimode Pancharatnam–Berry metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(12), 7378–7382 (2017).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tian, B.

Tien, C. H.

X. Li, T. H. Lan, C. H. Tien, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional orientation-unlimited polarization encryption by a single optically configured vectorial beam,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 998 (2012).
[Crossref]

Turnbull, G. A.

G. A. Turnbull, D. A. Robertson, G. M. Smith, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “The generation of free-space Laguerre-Gaussian modes at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 127(4-6), 183–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Valentine, J.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric Meta-Reflectarray for Broadband Linear Polarization Conversion and Optical Vortex Generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

Wang, J.

Wang, M.

S. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. Hu, Y. Hu, G. Ma, R. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4(2), 021026 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric Meta-Reflectarray for Broadband Linear Polarization Conversion and Optical Vortex Generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Y. Guo, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Jin, P. Gao, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Merging Geometric Phase and Plasmon Retardation Phase in Continuously Shaped Metasurfaces for Arbitrary Orbital Angular Momentum Generation,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2022–2029 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband High-Efficiency Half-Wave Plate: A Supercell-Based Plasmonic Metasurface Approach,” ACS Nano 9(4), 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wen, Y.

Y. Wen, I. Chremmos, Y. Chen, J. Zhu, Y. Zhang, and S. Yu, “Spiral Transformation for High-Resolution and Efficient Sorting of Optical Vortex Modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120(19), 193904 (2018).
[Crossref]

White, A. G.

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

Xiong, X.

S. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. Hu, Y. Hu, G. Ma, R. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4(2), 021026 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

H. Xu, H. Liu, X. Ling, Y. Sun, and F. Yuan, “Broadband vortex beam generation using multimode Pancharatnam–Berry metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(12), 7378–7382 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, W.

C. J. C. Hasnain and W. Yang, “High-contrast gratings for integrated optoelectronics,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 4(3), 379–440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric Meta-Reflectarray for Broadband Linear Polarization Conversion and Optical Vortex Generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.

Y. Wen, I. Chremmos, Y. Chen, J. Zhu, Y. Zhang, and S. Yu, “Spiral Transformation for High-Resolution and Efficient Sorting of Optical Vortex Modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120(19), 193904 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yuan, F.

H. Xu, H. Liu, X. Ling, Y. Sun, and F. Yuan, “Broadband vortex beam generation using multimode Pancharatnam–Berry metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(12), 7378–7382 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Y.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Q.

Zhang, F.

Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, F. Zhang, and D. Lippensc, “Mie resonancebased dielectric metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12(12), 60–69 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Wen, I. Chremmos, Y. Chen, J. Zhu, Y. Zhang, and S. Yu, “Spiral Transformation for High-Resolution and Efficient Sorting of Optical Vortex Modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120(19), 193904 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Q.

Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, F. Zhang, and D. Lippensc, “Mie resonancebased dielectric metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12(12), 60–69 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao and J. Wang, “High-base vector beam encoding/decoding for visible-light communications,” Opt. Lett. 40(21), 4843–4846 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, J. S. Edgar, G. D. Jeffries, D. McGloin, and D. T. Chiu, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in a strongly focused optical beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(7), 073901 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

Y. Guo, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Jin, P. Gao, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Merging Geometric Phase and Plasmon Retardation Phase in Continuously Shaped Metasurfaces for Arbitrary Orbital Angular Momentum Generation,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2022–2029 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, F. Zhang, and D. Lippensc, “Mie resonancebased dielectric metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12(12), 60–69 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhu, A. Y.

W. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Z. Bharwani, and F. Capasso, “A broadband achromatic polarization-insensitive metalens consisting of anisotropic nanostructures,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 355 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffractionlimited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J.

Y. Wen, I. Chremmos, Y. Chen, J. Zhu, Y. Zhang, and S. Yu, “Spiral Transformation for High-Resolution and Efficient Sorting of Optical Vortex Modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120(19), 193904 (2018).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband High-Efficiency Half-Wave Plate: A Supercell-Based Plasmonic Metasurface Approach,” ACS Nano 9(4), 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (3)

Y. Guo, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Jin, P. Gao, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Merging Geometric Phase and Plasmon Retardation Phase in Continuously Shaped Metasurfaces for Arbitrary Orbital Angular Momentum Generation,” ACS Photonics 3(11), 2022–2029 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Ma, S. M. Hanham, P. Albella, B. Ng, H. T. Lu, Y. Gong, S. A. Maier, and M. Hong, “Terahertz All-Dielectric Magnetic Mirror Metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1010–1018 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. L. Boris, V. V. Nikolai, P. Ramón, and A. I. Kuznetsov, “Optimum Forward Light Scattering by Spherical and Spheroidal Dielectric Nanoparticles with High Refractive Index,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 993–999 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

C. J. C. Hasnain and W. Yang, “High-contrast gratings for integrated optoelectronics,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 4(3), 379–440 (2012).
[Crossref]

APL Photonics (1)

S. Kruk, B. Hopkins, I. I. Kravchenko, A. Miroshnichenko, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Broadband highly efficient dielectric metadevices for polarization control,” APL Photonics 1(3), 030801 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. (1)

R. Niemiec, C. Brousseau, K. Mahdjoubi, O. Emile, and A. Ménard, “Characterization of an OAM flat-plate antenna in the millimeter frequency band,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 13, 1011–1014 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

H. Xu, H. Liu, X. Ling, Y. Sun, and F. Yuan, “Broadband vortex beam generation using multimode Pancharatnam–Berry metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(12), 7378–7382 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Light: Sci. Appl. (1)

X. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light: Sci. Appl. 2(4), e72 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mater. Today (1)

Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, F. Zhang, and D. Lippensc, “Mie resonancebased dielectric metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12(12), 60–69 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric Meta-Reflectarray for Broadband Linear Polarization Conversion and Optical Vortex Generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nanophotonics (1)

S. M. Kamali, E. Arbabi, A. Arbabi, and A. Faraon, “A review of dielectric optical metasurfaces for wavefront control,” Nanophotonics 7(6), 1041–1068 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (3)

W. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Z. Bharwani, and F. Capasso, “A broadband achromatic polarization-insensitive metalens consisting of anisotropic nanostructures,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 355 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Li, T. H. Lan, C. H. Tien, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional orientation-unlimited polarization encryption by a single optically configured vectorial beam,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 998 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Mirhosseini, M. Malik, Z. Shi, and R. W. Boyd, “Efficient separation of the orbital angular momentum eigenstates of light,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2781 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

G. A. Turnbull, D. A. Robertson, G. M. Smith, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “The generation of free-space Laguerre-Gaussian modes at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 127(4-6), 183–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, C. Gao, M. Gao, and F. Li, “Coherent-mode representation and orbital angular momentum spectrum of partially coherent beam,” Opt. Commun. 281(8), 1968–1975 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Optica (1)

Photonics Res. (1)

S. Fu and C. Gao, “Influences of atmospheric turbulence effects on the orbital angular momentum spectra of vortex beams,” Photonics Res. 4(5), B1–B4 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

Y. Zhao, J. S. Edgar, G. D. Jeffries, D. McGloin, and D. T. Chiu, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in a strongly focused optical beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(7), 073901 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Wen, I. Chremmos, Y. Chen, J. Zhu, Y. Zhang, and S. Yu, “Spiral Transformation for High-Resolution and Efficient Sorting of Optical Vortex Modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120(19), 193904 (2018).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. X (1)

S. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y. Hu, Y. Hu, G. Ma, R. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with a Dispersion-Free Metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4(2), 021026 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

F. Ding, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gradient metasurfaces: a review of fundamentals and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(2), 026401 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sci. Adv. (1)

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. China: Phys., Mech. Astron. (1)

X. Luo, “Principles of electromagnetic waves in metasurfaces,” Sci. China: Phys., Mech. Astron. 58(9), 594201 (2015).
[Crossref]

Science (3)

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffractionlimited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1998).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Conceptual schematic of the all-dielectric reflective metasurface for OAM beam generation. The metasurface operates on a circular polarization basis (|L〉 and |-R〉) and the generated OAM beam can carry arbitrary topological charge l, depending on resonator arrangements.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Schematic of the proposed all-dielectric reflective metasurface. (b) Geometric illustration of a unit cell, with periodicity Px = Py = 800 nm, resonator diameter DL = 720 nm, DS = 320 nm, height H = 560 nm and orientation angle θ = 45°. (c) Schematic of polarization conversion. EL and ES are the decomposition components of the incident and reflected linear polarized light along long and short axes of the ellipse resonator respectively.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Simulated reflectance for co- and cross-polarized light with x-pol incident. (b) Polarization conversion rate of the reflective array. (c) Reflectance and (d) phases for EL (blue curve) and ES (red curve) polarized light incident, demonstrating near-unity reflectance in several spectral range and a broadband π phase difference.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Reflection spectrum and the multipole scattering efficiencies for LP incident along (a) long and (b) short axis.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. The magnetic field distribution and displacement currents vectors (white arrows) in xz-plane at 1440 nm with LP incident along long and short axis, (a) and (b). The electric field distribution and displacement currents vectors (white arrows) in xy-plane at 1440 nm with LP incident along long and short axis, (c) and (d). Dash line depicts the boundaries of the resonator.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Simulated beam (a) geometric phase and (b) reflectance for the resonator with varying rotation angles at a fixed waveband from 1500 to 1600 nm.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Normalized electric field intensity, phase distribution and mode spectra of the vortex beams with topological charge l = –1 at different wavelengths: (a), (d) and (g) for 1500 nm; (b), (e) and (h) for 1550 nm; (c), (f) and (i) for 1600 nm.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Normalized electric field intensity, phase distribution and mode spectra of the vortex beam with topological charge l = –20 at different wavelengths: (a), (d) and (g) for 1500 nm; (b), (c) and (h) for 1550 nm; (c), (f) and (i) for 1600 nm.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Calculated Total Reflectance of the Metasurface and Mode Purity of the Vortex Beams with l = –1.

Tables Icon

Table 2. Calculated Total Reflectance of the Metasurface and Mode Purity of the Vortex Beams with l = –20.

Tables Icon

Table 3. Comparison with Previous Works.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

PCR = | R c r o s s | 2 / ( | R c r o s s | 2 + | R c o | 2 ) ,
φ l ( x , y ) = l ta n 1 ( y x ) ,
Mode Purity = I l I m ,

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