Abstract

Evolution of the UV-induced absorption within the polymer matrix possessing a highly soluble CdS precursor is studied. The initially optically transparent (polymethylmethacrylate based) samples are irradiated by a light-emitting diode operated at 365 nm for different intensities and different temperatures. In situ monitoring of the process is performed at a wavelength of 405 nm where the samples are initially transparent. The study shows that the increase in absorbance is temperature dependent, and at a fixed temperature it is determined by UV exposure rather than the intensity or irradiation time separately. TEM, HR TEM data, as well as data on absorption and luminescent spectra, allow the relation of the optical absorption evolution to the CdS nanoparticles growth process. This provides new valuable information on the kinetics of this phenomenon in UV irradiated polymer films with a soluble precursor.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  22. A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, N. Bityurin, and A. Kanaev, “Extinction of photo-induced Ti3+ centres in titanium oxide gels and gel-based oxo-PHEMA hybrids,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 429(4), 523–527 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  23. N. Agareva, A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, S. Sologubov, A. Markin, E. Salomatina, L. Smirnova, and N. Bityurin, “Properties of cadmium-(bis)dodecylthiolate and polymeric composites based on it,” Materials (Basel) 8(12), 8691–8700 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, N. Ermolaev, and N. Bityurin, “LED induced green luminescence in visually transparent PMMA films with CdS precursor,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(1), 290–295 (2016).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. K. Ramasamy, M. A. Malik, M. Helliwell, J. Raftery, and P. O’Brien, “Thio- and dithio-biuret precursors for zinc sulfide, cadmium sulfide, and zinc cadmium sulfide thin films,” Chem. Mater. 23(6), 1471–1481 (2011).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (2)

S. Scalbi, V. Fantin, and F. Antolini, “Environmental assessment of new technologies: Production of a quantum dots-light emitting diode,” J. Clean. Prod. 142(4), 3702–3718 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Hölz, J. Lietard, and M. M. Somoza, “High-Power 365 nm UV LED Mercury Arc Lamp Replacement for Photochemistry and Chemical Photolithography,” ACS Sustain. Chem.& Eng. 5(1), 828–834 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, N. Ermolaev, and N. Bityurin, “LED induced green luminescence in visually transparent PMMA films with CdS precursor,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(1), 290–295 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Sapogova, A. Pikulin, A. A. Smirnov, and N. Bityurin, “Diffusion-controlled alteration of inhomogeneous materials: tailoring of the spatial distribution of nanoparticles in nanocomposites,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(48), 32921–32930 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Agareva, A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, S. Sologubov, A. Markin, E. Salomatina, L. Smirnova, and N. Bityurin, “Properties of cadmium-(bis)dodecylthiolate and polymeric composites based on it,” Materials (Basel) 8(12), 8691–8700 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

A. K. Bansal, F. Antolini, M. T. Sajjad, L. Stroea, R. Mazzaro, S. G. Ramkumar, K.-J. Kass, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photophysical and structural characterisation of in situ formed quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16(20), 9556–9564 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. C. Onwudiwe, T. P. J. Krüger, and C. A. Strydom, “Laser assisted solid state reaction for the synthesis of ZnS and CdS nanoparticles from metal xanthate,” Mater. Lett. 116, 154–159 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

N. Bityurin, A. Alexandrov, A. Afanasiev, N. Agareva, A. Pikulin, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, E. Salomatina, E. Gorshkova, N. Tsverova, and L. Smirnova, “Photoinduced nanocomposites—creation, modification, linear and nonlinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 112(1), 135–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, A. Camposeo, E. Piscopiello, L. Persano, D. Pisignano, and L. Tapfer, “Spatially confined CdS NCs in-situ synthesis through laser irradiation of suitable unimolecular precursor-doped polymer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(47), 25119–25125 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

M. Alsawafta, S. Badilescu, A. Paneri, V.-V. Truong, and M. Packirisamy, “Gold-poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposite films for plasmonic biosensing applications,” Polymers (Basel) 3(4), 1833–1848 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Ramasamy, M. A. Malik, M. Helliwell, J. Raftery, and P. O’Brien, “Thio- and dithio-biuret precursors for zinc sulfide, cadmium sulfide, and zinc cadmium sulfide thin films,” Chem. Mater. 23(6), 1471–1481 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, M. Schioppa, and L. Tapfer, “Highly efficient precursors for direct synthesis of tailored CdS nanocrystals in organic polymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(41), 17311–17317 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Yilmaz and S. Suzer, “Au nanoparticles in PMMA matrix: In situ synthesis and the effect of Au nanoparticles on PMMA conductivity,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256(22), 6630–6633 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Fragouli, A. M. Laera, G. Caputo, V. Resta, P. P. Pompa, L. Tapfer, R. Cingolani, and A. Athanassiou, “The effect of polymer matrices in the in-situ CdS formation under UV irradiation of precursor-polymer films,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(2), 1267–1272 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

Z.-B. Sun, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, S. Nakanishi, X.-M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Multicolor polymer nanocomposites: In situ synthesis and fabrication of 3D microstructures,” Adv. Mater. 20(5), 914–919 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. O. Yakimovich, N. V. Sapogova, L. A. Smirnova, A. P. Aleksandrov, T. A. Gracheva, A. V. Kirsanov, and N. M. Bityurin, “Gold-containing nanocomposition materials on the basis of homo-and copolymers of methylmethacrylate,” Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 2(1), 128–134 (2008).

2007 (2)

P. K. Khanna and N. Singh, “Light emitting CdS quantum dots in PMMA: synthesis and optical studies,” J. Lumin. 127(2), 474–482 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, E. Tsiranidou, C. Fotakis, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, and L. Tapfer, “Photon-induced formation of CdS nanocrystals in selected areas of polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(15), 153108 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

F. Antolini, A. Ghezelbash, C. Eposito, E. Trave, L. Tapfer, and B. A. Korgel, “Laser-induced nanocomposite formation for printed nanoelectronics,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1095–1098 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, N. Bityurin, and A. Kanaev, “Extinction of photo-induced Ti3+ centres in titanium oxide gels and gel-based oxo-PHEMA hybrids,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 429(4), 523–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, P. Marteau, K. Chhor, C. Sanchez, and A. Kanaev, “Light-induced charge separation and storage in titanium oxide gels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(2 Pt 1), 021403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Kameneva, A. Kuznestov, L. A. Smirnova, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, Ph. Marteau, and A. Kanaev, “New photoactive organic-inorganic materials based on titanium-oxo-PHEMA nanocomposites exchibiting mixed valence properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(33), 3380–3383 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1–4), 181–184 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

N. Bityurin, L. Znaidi, and A. Kanaev, “Laser-induced absorption in titanium oxide based gels,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 374(1–2), 95–99 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Bityurin, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, M. H. Hong, and T. C. Chong, “Models for laser ablation of polymers,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 519–552 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

F. Stellaci, C. A. Bauer, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, W. Wenseleers, V. Alain, S. M. Kuebler, S. J. K. Pond, Y. Zhang, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Laser and electron-beam induced growth of nanoparticles for 2D and 3D metal patterning,” Adv. Mater. 14(3), 194–198 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

N. Bityurin, “UV etching accompanied by modifications. Surface etching,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 138–139, 354–358 (1999).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

S. Ninomiya and S. Adachi, “Optical properties of wurtzite CdS,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(2), 1183–1190 (1995).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

L. E. Brus, “Electron–electron and electron‐hole interactions in small semiconductor crystallites: The size dependence of the lowest excited electronic state,” J. Chem. Phys. 80(9), 4403–4409 (1984).
[Crossref]

Adachi, S.

S. Ninomiya and S. Adachi, “Optical properties of wurtzite CdS,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(2), 1183–1190 (1995).
[Crossref]

Afanasiev, A.

A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, N. Ermolaev, and N. Bityurin, “LED induced green luminescence in visually transparent PMMA films with CdS precursor,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(1), 290–295 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Agareva, A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, S. Sologubov, A. Markin, E. Salomatina, L. Smirnova, and N. Bityurin, “Properties of cadmium-(bis)dodecylthiolate and polymeric composites based on it,” Materials (Basel) 8(12), 8691–8700 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bityurin, A. Alexandrov, A. Afanasiev, N. Agareva, A. Pikulin, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, E. Salomatina, E. Gorshkova, N. Tsverova, and L. Smirnova, “Photoinduced nanocomposites—creation, modification, linear and nonlinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 112(1), 135–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Agareva, N.

N. Agareva, A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, S. Sologubov, A. Markin, E. Salomatina, L. Smirnova, and N. Bityurin, “Properties of cadmium-(bis)dodecylthiolate and polymeric composites based on it,” Materials (Basel) 8(12), 8691–8700 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bityurin, A. Alexandrov, A. Afanasiev, N. Agareva, A. Pikulin, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, E. Salomatina, E. Gorshkova, N. Tsverova, and L. Smirnova, “Photoinduced nanocomposites—creation, modification, linear and nonlinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 112(1), 135–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Alain, V.

F. Stellaci, C. A. Bauer, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, W. Wenseleers, V. Alain, S. M. Kuebler, S. J. K. Pond, Y. Zhang, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Laser and electron-beam induced growth of nanoparticles for 2D and 3D metal patterning,” Adv. Mater. 14(3), 194–198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Aleksandrov, A. P.

N. O. Yakimovich, N. V. Sapogova, L. A. Smirnova, A. P. Aleksandrov, T. A. Gracheva, A. V. Kirsanov, and N. M. Bityurin, “Gold-containing nanocomposition materials on the basis of homo-and copolymers of methylmethacrylate,” Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 2(1), 128–134 (2008).

Alexandrov, A.

N. Bityurin, A. Alexandrov, A. Afanasiev, N. Agareva, A. Pikulin, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, E. Salomatina, E. Gorshkova, N. Tsverova, and L. Smirnova, “Photoinduced nanocomposites—creation, modification, linear and nonlinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 112(1), 135–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1–4), 181–184 (2005).
[Crossref]

O. Kameneva, A. Kuznestov, L. A. Smirnova, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, Ph. Marteau, and A. Kanaev, “New photoactive organic-inorganic materials based on titanium-oxo-PHEMA nanocomposites exchibiting mixed valence properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(33), 3380–3383 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, P. Marteau, K. Chhor, C. Sanchez, and A. Kanaev, “Light-induced charge separation and storage in titanium oxide gels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(2 Pt 1), 021403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allard, S.

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Bansal, F. Antolini, M. T. Sajjad, L. Stroea, R. Mazzaro, S. G. Ramkumar, K.-J. Kass, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photophysical and structural characterisation of in situ formed quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16(20), 9556–9564 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alsawafta, M.

M. Alsawafta, S. Badilescu, A. Paneri, V.-V. Truong, and M. Packirisamy, “Gold-poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposite films for plasmonic biosensing applications,” Polymers (Basel) 3(4), 1833–1848 (2011).
[Crossref]

André, P.

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Antolini, F.

S. Scalbi, V. Fantin, and F. Antolini, “Environmental assessment of new technologies: Production of a quantum dots-light emitting diode,” J. Clean. Prod. 142(4), 3702–3718 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Bansal, F. Antolini, M. T. Sajjad, L. Stroea, R. Mazzaro, S. G. Ramkumar, K.-J. Kass, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photophysical and structural characterisation of in situ formed quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16(20), 9556–9564 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Antolini, A. Ghezelbash, C. Eposito, E. Trave, L. Tapfer, and B. A. Korgel, “Laser-induced nanocomposite formation for printed nanoelectronics,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1095–1098 (2006).
[Crossref]

Athanassiou, A.

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Fragouli, A. M. Laera, G. Caputo, V. Resta, P. P. Pompa, L. Tapfer, R. Cingolani, and A. Athanassiou, “The effect of polymer matrices in the in-situ CdS formation under UV irradiation of precursor-polymer films,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(2), 1267–1272 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, E. Tsiranidou, C. Fotakis, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, and L. Tapfer, “Photon-induced formation of CdS nanocrystals in selected areas of polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(15), 153108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Badilescu, S.

M. Alsawafta, S. Badilescu, A. Paneri, V.-V. Truong, and M. Packirisamy, “Gold-poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposite films for plasmonic biosensing applications,” Polymers (Basel) 3(4), 1833–1848 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bansal, A. K.

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Bansal, F. Antolini, M. T. Sajjad, L. Stroea, R. Mazzaro, S. G. Ramkumar, K.-J. Kass, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photophysical and structural characterisation of in situ formed quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16(20), 9556–9564 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bauer, C. A.

F. Stellaci, C. A. Bauer, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, W. Wenseleers, V. Alain, S. M. Kuebler, S. J. K. Pond, Y. Zhang, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Laser and electron-beam induced growth of nanoparticles for 2D and 3D metal patterning,” Adv. Mater. 14(3), 194–198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bityurin, N.

N. Sapogova, A. Pikulin, A. A. Smirnov, and N. Bityurin, “Diffusion-controlled alteration of inhomogeneous materials: tailoring of the spatial distribution of nanoparticles in nanocomposites,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(48), 32921–32930 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, N. Ermolaev, and N. Bityurin, “LED induced green luminescence in visually transparent PMMA films with CdS precursor,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(1), 290–295 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Agareva, A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, S. Sologubov, A. Markin, E. Salomatina, L. Smirnova, and N. Bityurin, “Properties of cadmium-(bis)dodecylthiolate and polymeric composites based on it,” Materials (Basel) 8(12), 8691–8700 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bityurin, A. Alexandrov, A. Afanasiev, N. Agareva, A. Pikulin, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, E. Salomatina, E. Gorshkova, N. Tsverova, and L. Smirnova, “Photoinduced nanocomposites—creation, modification, linear and nonlinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 112(1), 135–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, N. Bityurin, and A. Kanaev, “Extinction of photo-induced Ti3+ centres in titanium oxide gels and gel-based oxo-PHEMA hybrids,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 429(4), 523–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Kameneva, A. Kuznestov, L. A. Smirnova, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, Ph. Marteau, and A. Kanaev, “New photoactive organic-inorganic materials based on titanium-oxo-PHEMA nanocomposites exchibiting mixed valence properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(33), 3380–3383 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, P. Marteau, K. Chhor, C. Sanchez, and A. Kanaev, “Light-induced charge separation and storage in titanium oxide gels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(2 Pt 1), 021403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1–4), 181–184 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. Bityurin, L. Znaidi, and A. Kanaev, “Laser-induced absorption in titanium oxide based gels,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 374(1–2), 95–99 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Bityurin, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, M. H. Hong, and T. C. Chong, “Models for laser ablation of polymers,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 519–552 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bityurin, “UV etching accompanied by modifications. Surface etching,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 138–139, 354–358 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bityurin, N. M.

N. O. Yakimovich, N. V. Sapogova, L. A. Smirnova, A. P. Aleksandrov, T. A. Gracheva, A. V. Kirsanov, and N. M. Bityurin, “Gold-containing nanocomposition materials on the basis of homo-and copolymers of methylmethacrylate,” Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 2(1), 128–134 (2008).

Brus, L. E.

L. E. Brus, “Electron–electron and electron‐hole interactions in small semiconductor crystallites: The size dependence of the lowest excited electronic state,” J. Chem. Phys. 80(9), 4403–4409 (1984).
[Crossref]

Camposeo, A.

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, A. Camposeo, E. Piscopiello, L. Persano, D. Pisignano, and L. Tapfer, “Spatially confined CdS NCs in-situ synthesis through laser irradiation of suitable unimolecular precursor-doped polymer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(47), 25119–25125 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

Caputo, G.

D. Fragouli, A. M. Laera, G. Caputo, V. Resta, P. P. Pompa, L. Tapfer, R. Cingolani, and A. Athanassiou, “The effect of polymer matrices in the in-situ CdS formation under UV irradiation of precursor-polymer films,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(2), 1267–1272 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W.-Q.

Z.-B. Sun, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, S. Nakanishi, X.-M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Multicolor polymer nanocomposites: In situ synthesis and fabrication of 3D microstructures,” Adv. Mater. 20(5), 914–919 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chhor, K.

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, P. Marteau, K. Chhor, C. Sanchez, and A. Kanaev, “Light-induced charge separation and storage in titanium oxide gels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(2 Pt 1), 021403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chong, T. C.

N. Bityurin, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, M. H. Hong, and T. C. Chong, “Models for laser ablation of polymers,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 519–552 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cingolani, R.

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Fragouli, A. M. Laera, G. Caputo, V. Resta, P. P. Pompa, L. Tapfer, R. Cingolani, and A. Athanassiou, “The effect of polymer matrices in the in-situ CdS formation under UV irradiation of precursor-polymer films,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(2), 1267–1272 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, E. Tsiranidou, C. Fotakis, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, and L. Tapfer, “Photon-induced formation of CdS nanocrystals in selected areas of polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(15), 153108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dong, X.-Z.

Z.-B. Sun, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, S. Nakanishi, X.-M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Multicolor polymer nanocomposites: In situ synthesis and fabrication of 3D microstructures,” Adv. Mater. 20(5), 914–919 (2008).
[Crossref]

Duan, X.-M.

Z.-B. Sun, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, S. Nakanishi, X.-M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Multicolor polymer nanocomposites: In situ synthesis and fabrication of 3D microstructures,” Adv. Mater. 20(5), 914–919 (2008).
[Crossref]

Eposito, C.

F. Antolini, A. Ghezelbash, C. Eposito, E. Trave, L. Tapfer, and B. A. Korgel, “Laser-induced nanocomposite formation for printed nanoelectronics,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1095–1098 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ermolaev, N.

Fantin, V.

S. Scalbi, V. Fantin, and F. Antolini, “Environmental assessment of new technologies: Production of a quantum dots-light emitting diode,” J. Clean. Prod. 142(4), 3702–3718 (2017).
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Fotakis, C.

A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, E. Tsiranidou, C. Fotakis, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, and L. Tapfer, “Photon-induced formation of CdS nanocrystals in selected areas of polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(15), 153108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fragouli, D.

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Fragouli, A. M. Laera, G. Caputo, V. Resta, P. P. Pompa, L. Tapfer, R. Cingolani, and A. Athanassiou, “The effect of polymer matrices in the in-situ CdS formation under UV irradiation of precursor-polymer films,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(2), 1267–1272 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gecys, P.

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ghezelbash, A.

F. Antolini, A. Ghezelbash, C. Eposito, E. Trave, L. Tapfer, and B. A. Korgel, “Laser-induced nanocomposite formation for printed nanoelectronics,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1095–1098 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gorshkova, E.

N. Bityurin, A. Alexandrov, A. Afanasiev, N. Agareva, A. Pikulin, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, E. Salomatina, E. Gorshkova, N. Tsverova, and L. Smirnova, “Photoinduced nanocomposites—creation, modification, linear and nonlinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 112(1), 135–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gracheva, T. A.

N. O. Yakimovich, N. V. Sapogova, L. A. Smirnova, A. P. Aleksandrov, T. A. Gracheva, A. V. Kirsanov, and N. M. Bityurin, “Gold-containing nanocomposition materials on the basis of homo-and copolymers of methylmethacrylate,” Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 2(1), 128–134 (2008).

Helliwell, M.

K. Ramasamy, M. A. Malik, M. Helliwell, J. Raftery, and P. O’Brien, “Thio- and dithio-biuret precursors for zinc sulfide, cadmium sulfide, and zinc cadmium sulfide thin films,” Chem. Mater. 23(6), 1471–1481 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hirzer, A.

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hölz, K.

K. Hölz, J. Lietard, and M. M. Somoza, “High-Power 365 nm UV LED Mercury Arc Lamp Replacement for Photochemistry and Chemical Photolithography,” ACS Sustain. Chem.& Eng. 5(1), 828–834 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, M. H.

N. Bityurin, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, M. H. Hong, and T. C. Chong, “Models for laser ablation of polymers,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 519–552 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kameneva, O.

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, N. Bityurin, and A. Kanaev, “Extinction of photo-induced Ti3+ centres in titanium oxide gels and gel-based oxo-PHEMA hybrids,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 429(4), 523–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Kameneva, A. Kuznestov, L. A. Smirnova, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, Ph. Marteau, and A. Kanaev, “New photoactive organic-inorganic materials based on titanium-oxo-PHEMA nanocomposites exchibiting mixed valence properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(33), 3380–3383 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, P. Marteau, K. Chhor, C. Sanchez, and A. Kanaev, “Light-induced charge separation and storage in titanium oxide gels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(2 Pt 1), 021403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanaev, A.

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, N. Bityurin, and A. Kanaev, “Extinction of photo-induced Ti3+ centres in titanium oxide gels and gel-based oxo-PHEMA hybrids,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 429(4), 523–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Kameneva, A. Kuznestov, L. A. Smirnova, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, Ph. Marteau, and A. Kanaev, “New photoactive organic-inorganic materials based on titanium-oxo-PHEMA nanocomposites exchibiting mixed valence properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(33), 3380–3383 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, P. Marteau, K. Chhor, C. Sanchez, and A. Kanaev, “Light-induced charge separation and storage in titanium oxide gels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(2 Pt 1), 021403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bityurin, L. Znaidi, and A. Kanaev, “Laser-induced absorption in titanium oxide based gels,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 374(1–2), 95–99 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kass, K.-J.

A. K. Bansal, F. Antolini, M. T. Sajjad, L. Stroea, R. Mazzaro, S. G. Ramkumar, K.-J. Kass, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photophysical and structural characterisation of in situ formed quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16(20), 9556–9564 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawata, S.

Z.-B. Sun, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, S. Nakanishi, X.-M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Multicolor polymer nanocomposites: In situ synthesis and fabrication of 3D microstructures,” Adv. Mater. 20(5), 914–919 (2008).
[Crossref]

Khanna, P. K.

P. K. Khanna and N. Singh, “Light emitting CdS quantum dots in PMMA: synthesis and optical studies,” J. Lumin. 127(2), 474–482 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kirsanov, A.

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1–4), 181–184 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kirsanov, A. V.

N. O. Yakimovich, N. V. Sapogova, L. A. Smirnova, A. P. Aleksandrov, T. A. Gracheva, A. V. Kirsanov, and N. M. Bityurin, “Gold-containing nanocomposition materials on the basis of homo-and copolymers of methylmethacrylate,” Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 2(1), 128–134 (2008).

Korgel, B. A.

F. Antolini, A. Ghezelbash, C. Eposito, E. Trave, L. Tapfer, and B. A. Korgel, “Laser-induced nanocomposite formation for printed nanoelectronics,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1095–1098 (2006).
[Crossref]

Krüger, T. P. J.

D. C. Onwudiwe, T. P. J. Krüger, and C. A. Strydom, “Laser assisted solid state reaction for the synthesis of ZnS and CdS nanoparticles from metal xanthate,” Mater. Lett. 116, 154–159 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kuebler, S. M.

F. Stellaci, C. A. Bauer, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, W. Wenseleers, V. Alain, S. M. Kuebler, S. J. K. Pond, Y. Zhang, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Laser and electron-beam induced growth of nanoparticles for 2D and 3D metal patterning,” Adv. Mater. 14(3), 194–198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kuznestov, A.

O. Kameneva, A. Kuznestov, L. A. Smirnova, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, Ph. Marteau, and A. Kanaev, “New photoactive organic-inorganic materials based on titanium-oxo-PHEMA nanocomposites exchibiting mixed valence properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(33), 3380–3383 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kuznetsov, A. I.

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, N. Bityurin, and A. Kanaev, “Extinction of photo-induced Ti3+ centres in titanium oxide gels and gel-based oxo-PHEMA hybrids,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 429(4), 523–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, P. Marteau, K. Chhor, C. Sanchez, and A. Kanaev, “Light-induced charge separation and storage in titanium oxide gels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(2 Pt 1), 021403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laera, A. M.

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, A. Camposeo, E. Piscopiello, L. Persano, D. Pisignano, and L. Tapfer, “Spatially confined CdS NCs in-situ synthesis through laser irradiation of suitable unimolecular precursor-doped polymer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(47), 25119–25125 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Fragouli, A. M. Laera, G. Caputo, V. Resta, P. P. Pompa, L. Tapfer, R. Cingolani, and A. Athanassiou, “The effect of polymer matrices in the in-situ CdS formation under UV irradiation of precursor-polymer films,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(2), 1267–1272 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, M. Schioppa, and L. Tapfer, “Highly efficient precursors for direct synthesis of tailored CdS nanocrystals in organic polymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(41), 17311–17317 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, E. Tsiranidou, C. Fotakis, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, and L. Tapfer, “Photon-induced formation of CdS nanocrystals in selected areas of polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(15), 153108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lietard, J.

K. Hölz, J. Lietard, and M. M. Somoza, “High-Power 365 nm UV LED Mercury Arc Lamp Replacement for Photochemistry and Chemical Photolithography,” ACS Sustain. Chem.& Eng. 5(1), 828–834 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luk’yanchuk, B. S.

N. Bityurin, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, M. H. Hong, and T. C. Chong, “Models for laser ablation of polymers,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 519–552 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Malik, M. A.

K. Ramasamy, M. A. Malik, M. Helliwell, J. Raftery, and P. O’Brien, “Thio- and dithio-biuret precursors for zinc sulfide, cadmium sulfide, and zinc cadmium sulfide thin films,” Chem. Mater. 23(6), 1471–1481 (2011).
[Crossref]

Marder, S. R.

F. Stellaci, C. A. Bauer, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, W. Wenseleers, V. Alain, S. M. Kuebler, S. J. K. Pond, Y. Zhang, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Laser and electron-beam induced growth of nanoparticles for 2D and 3D metal patterning,” Adv. Mater. 14(3), 194–198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Markin, A.

N. Agareva, A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, S. Sologubov, A. Markin, E. Salomatina, L. Smirnova, and N. Bityurin, “Properties of cadmium-(bis)dodecylthiolate and polymeric composites based on it,” Materials (Basel) 8(12), 8691–8700 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marteau, P.

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, P. Marteau, K. Chhor, C. Sanchez, and A. Kanaev, “Light-induced charge separation and storage in titanium oxide gels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(2 Pt 1), 021403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marteau, Ph.

O. Kameneva, A. Kuznestov, L. A. Smirnova, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, Ph. Marteau, and A. Kanaev, “New photoactive organic-inorganic materials based on titanium-oxo-PHEMA nanocomposites exchibiting mixed valence properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(33), 3380–3383 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mazzaro, R.

A. K. Bansal, F. Antolini, M. T. Sajjad, L. Stroea, R. Mazzaro, S. G. Ramkumar, K.-J. Kass, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photophysical and structural characterisation of in situ formed quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16(20), 9556–9564 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meyer-Friedrichsen, T.

F. Stellaci, C. A. Bauer, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, W. Wenseleers, V. Alain, S. M. Kuebler, S. J. K. Pond, Y. Zhang, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Laser and electron-beam induced growth of nanoparticles for 2D and 3D metal patterning,” Adv. Mater. 14(3), 194–198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Molle, S.

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nakanishi, S.

Z.-B. Sun, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, S. Nakanishi, X.-M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Multicolor polymer nanocomposites: In situ synthesis and fabrication of 3D microstructures,” Adv. Mater. 20(5), 914–919 (2008).
[Crossref]

Neves, A. A. R.

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ninomiya, S.

S. Ninomiya and S. Adachi, “Optical properties of wurtzite CdS,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(2), 1183–1190 (1995).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, P.

K. Ramasamy, M. A. Malik, M. Helliwell, J. Raftery, and P. O’Brien, “Thio- and dithio-biuret precursors for zinc sulfide, cadmium sulfide, and zinc cadmium sulfide thin films,” Chem. Mater. 23(6), 1471–1481 (2011).
[Crossref]

Onwudiwe, D. C.

D. C. Onwudiwe, T. P. J. Krüger, and C. A. Strydom, “Laser assisted solid state reaction for the synthesis of ZnS and CdS nanoparticles from metal xanthate,” Mater. Lett. 116, 154–159 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ortolani, L.

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Packirisamy, M.

M. Alsawafta, S. Badilescu, A. Paneri, V.-V. Truong, and M. Packirisamy, “Gold-poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposite films for plasmonic biosensing applications,” Polymers (Basel) 3(4), 1833–1848 (2011).
[Crossref]

Paneri, A.

M. Alsawafta, S. Badilescu, A. Paneri, V.-V. Truong, and M. Packirisamy, “Gold-poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposite films for plasmonic biosensing applications,” Polymers (Basel) 3(4), 1833–1848 (2011).
[Crossref]

Perry, J. W.

F. Stellaci, C. A. Bauer, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, W. Wenseleers, V. Alain, S. M. Kuebler, S. J. K. Pond, Y. Zhang, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Laser and electron-beam induced growth of nanoparticles for 2D and 3D metal patterning,” Adv. Mater. 14(3), 194–198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Persano, L.

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, A. Camposeo, E. Piscopiello, L. Persano, D. Pisignano, and L. Tapfer, “Spatially confined CdS NCs in-situ synthesis through laser irradiation of suitable unimolecular precursor-doped polymer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(47), 25119–25125 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pikulin, A.

N. Sapogova, A. Pikulin, A. A. Smirnov, and N. Bityurin, “Diffusion-controlled alteration of inhomogeneous materials: tailoring of the spatial distribution of nanoparticles in nanocomposites,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(48), 32921–32930 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bityurin, A. Alexandrov, A. Afanasiev, N. Agareva, A. Pikulin, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, E. Salomatina, E. Gorshkova, N. Tsverova, and L. Smirnova, “Photoinduced nanocomposites—creation, modification, linear and nonlinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 112(1), 135–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Piscopiello, E.

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, A. Camposeo, E. Piscopiello, L. Persano, D. Pisignano, and L. Tapfer, “Spatially confined CdS NCs in-situ synthesis through laser irradiation of suitable unimolecular precursor-doped polymer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(47), 25119–25125 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, M. Schioppa, and L. Tapfer, “Highly efficient precursors for direct synthesis of tailored CdS nanocrystals in organic polymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(41), 17311–17317 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, E. Tsiranidou, C. Fotakis, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, and L. Tapfer, “Photon-induced formation of CdS nanocrystals in selected areas of polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(15), 153108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pisignano, D.

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, A. Camposeo, E. Piscopiello, L. Persano, D. Pisignano, and L. Tapfer, “Spatially confined CdS NCs in-situ synthesis through laser irradiation of suitable unimolecular precursor-doped polymer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(47), 25119–25125 (2012).
[Crossref]

Polo, M.

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pompa, P. P.

D. Fragouli, A. M. Laera, G. Caputo, V. Resta, P. P. Pompa, L. Tapfer, R. Cingolani, and A. Athanassiou, “The effect of polymer matrices in the in-situ CdS formation under UV irradiation of precursor-polymer films,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(2), 1267–1272 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pond, S. J. K.

F. Stellaci, C. A. Bauer, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, W. Wenseleers, V. Alain, S. M. Kuebler, S. J. K. Pond, Y. Zhang, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Laser and electron-beam induced growth of nanoparticles for 2D and 3D metal patterning,” Adv. Mater. 14(3), 194–198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Raciukaitis, G.

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raftery, J.

K. Ramasamy, M. A. Malik, M. Helliwell, J. Raftery, and P. O’Brien, “Thio- and dithio-biuret precursors for zinc sulfide, cadmium sulfide, and zinc cadmium sulfide thin films,” Chem. Mater. 23(6), 1471–1481 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ramasamy, K.

K. Ramasamy, M. A. Malik, M. Helliwell, J. Raftery, and P. O’Brien, “Thio- and dithio-biuret precursors for zinc sulfide, cadmium sulfide, and zinc cadmium sulfide thin films,” Chem. Mater. 23(6), 1471–1481 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ramkumar, S. G.

A. K. Bansal, F. Antolini, M. T. Sajjad, L. Stroea, R. Mazzaro, S. G. Ramkumar, K.-J. Kass, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photophysical and structural characterisation of in situ formed quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16(20), 9556–9564 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Resta, V.

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, A. Camposeo, E. Piscopiello, L. Persano, D. Pisignano, and L. Tapfer, “Spatially confined CdS NCs in-situ synthesis through laser irradiation of suitable unimolecular precursor-doped polymer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(47), 25119–25125 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Fragouli, A. M. Laera, G. Caputo, V. Resta, P. P. Pompa, L. Tapfer, R. Cingolani, and A. Athanassiou, “The effect of polymer matrices in the in-situ CdS formation under UV irradiation of precursor-polymer films,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(2), 1267–1272 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, M. Schioppa, and L. Tapfer, “Highly efficient precursors for direct synthesis of tailored CdS nanocrystals in organic polymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(41), 17311–17317 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rozes, L.

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, N. Bityurin, and A. Kanaev, “Extinction of photo-induced Ti3+ centres in titanium oxide gels and gel-based oxo-PHEMA hybrids,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 429(4), 523–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Kameneva, A. Kuznestov, L. A. Smirnova, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, Ph. Marteau, and A. Kanaev, “New photoactive organic-inorganic materials based on titanium-oxo-PHEMA nanocomposites exchibiting mixed valence properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(33), 3380–3383 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sajjad, M. T.

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Bansal, F. Antolini, M. T. Sajjad, L. Stroea, R. Mazzaro, S. G. Ramkumar, K.-J. Kass, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photophysical and structural characterisation of in situ formed quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16(20), 9556–9564 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salomatina, E.

N. Agareva, A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, S. Sologubov, A. Markin, E. Salomatina, L. Smirnova, and N. Bityurin, “Properties of cadmium-(bis)dodecylthiolate and polymeric composites based on it,” Materials (Basel) 8(12), 8691–8700 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bityurin, A. Alexandrov, A. Afanasiev, N. Agareva, A. Pikulin, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, E. Salomatina, E. Gorshkova, N. Tsverova, and L. Smirnova, “Photoinduced nanocomposites—creation, modification, linear and nonlinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 112(1), 135–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Samuel, I. D. W.

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Bansal, F. Antolini, M. T. Sajjad, L. Stroea, R. Mazzaro, S. G. Ramkumar, K.-J. Kass, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photophysical and structural characterisation of in situ formed quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16(20), 9556–9564 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanchez, C.

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, N. Bityurin, and A. Kanaev, “Extinction of photo-induced Ti3+ centres in titanium oxide gels and gel-based oxo-PHEMA hybrids,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 429(4), 523–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Kameneva, A. Kuznestov, L. A. Smirnova, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, Ph. Marteau, and A. Kanaev, “New photoactive organic-inorganic materials based on titanium-oxo-PHEMA nanocomposites exchibiting mixed valence properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(33), 3380–3383 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, P. Marteau, K. Chhor, C. Sanchez, and A. Kanaev, “Light-induced charge separation and storage in titanium oxide gels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(2 Pt 1), 021403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sapogova, N.

N. Sapogova, A. Pikulin, A. A. Smirnov, and N. Bityurin, “Diffusion-controlled alteration of inhomogeneous materials: tailoring of the spatial distribution of nanoparticles in nanocomposites,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(48), 32921–32930 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bityurin, A. Alexandrov, A. Afanasiev, N. Agareva, A. Pikulin, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, E. Salomatina, E. Gorshkova, N. Tsverova, and L. Smirnova, “Photoinduced nanocomposites—creation, modification, linear and nonlinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 112(1), 135–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1–4), 181–184 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sapogova, N. V.

N. O. Yakimovich, N. V. Sapogova, L. A. Smirnova, A. P. Aleksandrov, T. A. Gracheva, A. V. Kirsanov, and N. M. Bityurin, “Gold-containing nanocomposition materials on the basis of homo-and copolymers of methylmethacrylate,” Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 2(1), 128–134 (2008).

Scalbi, S.

S. Scalbi, V. Fantin, and F. Antolini, “Environmental assessment of new technologies: Production of a quantum dots-light emitting diode,” J. Clean. Prod. 142(4), 3702–3718 (2017).
[Crossref]

Scherf, U.

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Bansal, F. Antolini, M. T. Sajjad, L. Stroea, R. Mazzaro, S. G. Ramkumar, K.-J. Kass, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photophysical and structural characterisation of in situ formed quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16(20), 9556–9564 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schioppa, M.

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, M. Schioppa, and L. Tapfer, “Highly efficient precursors for direct synthesis of tailored CdS nanocrystals in organic polymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(41), 17311–17317 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, V.

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singh, N.

P. K. Khanna and N. Singh, “Light emitting CdS quantum dots in PMMA: synthesis and optical studies,” J. Lumin. 127(2), 474–482 (2007).
[Crossref]

Smirnov, A. A.

N. Sapogova, A. Pikulin, A. A. Smirnov, and N. Bityurin, “Diffusion-controlled alteration of inhomogeneous materials: tailoring of the spatial distribution of nanoparticles in nanocomposites,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(48), 32921–32930 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, N. Ermolaev, and N. Bityurin, “LED induced green luminescence in visually transparent PMMA films with CdS precursor,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(1), 290–295 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Agareva, A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, S. Sologubov, A. Markin, E. Salomatina, L. Smirnova, and N. Bityurin, “Properties of cadmium-(bis)dodecylthiolate and polymeric composites based on it,” Materials (Basel) 8(12), 8691–8700 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smirnova, L.

N. Agareva, A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, S. Sologubov, A. Markin, E. Salomatina, L. Smirnova, and N. Bityurin, “Properties of cadmium-(bis)dodecylthiolate and polymeric composites based on it,” Materials (Basel) 8(12), 8691–8700 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bityurin, A. Alexandrov, A. Afanasiev, N. Agareva, A. Pikulin, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, E. Salomatina, E. Gorshkova, N. Tsverova, and L. Smirnova, “Photoinduced nanocomposites—creation, modification, linear and nonlinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 112(1), 135–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1–4), 181–184 (2005).
[Crossref]

Smirnova, L. A.

N. O. Yakimovich, N. V. Sapogova, L. A. Smirnova, A. P. Aleksandrov, T. A. Gracheva, A. V. Kirsanov, and N. M. Bityurin, “Gold-containing nanocomposition materials on the basis of homo-and copolymers of methylmethacrylate,” Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 2(1), 128–134 (2008).

O. Kameneva, A. Kuznestov, L. A. Smirnova, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, Ph. Marteau, and A. Kanaev, “New photoactive organic-inorganic materials based on titanium-oxo-PHEMA nanocomposites exchibiting mixed valence properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(33), 3380–3383 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sologubov, S.

N. Agareva, A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, S. Sologubov, A. Markin, E. Salomatina, L. Smirnova, and N. Bityurin, “Properties of cadmium-(bis)dodecylthiolate and polymeric composites based on it,” Materials (Basel) 8(12), 8691–8700 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Somoza, M. M.

K. Hölz, J. Lietard, and M. M. Somoza, “High-Power 365 nm UV LED Mercury Arc Lamp Replacement for Photochemistry and Chemical Photolithography,” ACS Sustain. Chem.& Eng. 5(1), 828–834 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soustov, L.

N. Bityurin, A. Alexandrov, A. Afanasiev, N. Agareva, A. Pikulin, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, E. Salomatina, E. Gorshkova, N. Tsverova, and L. Smirnova, “Photoinduced nanocomposites—creation, modification, linear and nonlinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 112(1), 135–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1–4), 181–184 (2005).
[Crossref]

Stellaci, F.

F. Stellaci, C. A. Bauer, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, W. Wenseleers, V. Alain, S. M. Kuebler, S. J. K. Pond, Y. Zhang, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Laser and electron-beam induced growth of nanoparticles for 2D and 3D metal patterning,” Adv. Mater. 14(3), 194–198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Stroea, L.

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Bansal, F. Antolini, M. T. Sajjad, L. Stroea, R. Mazzaro, S. G. Ramkumar, K.-J. Kass, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photophysical and structural characterisation of in situ formed quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16(20), 9556–9564 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strydom, C. A.

D. C. Onwudiwe, T. P. J. Krüger, and C. A. Strydom, “Laser assisted solid state reaction for the synthesis of ZnS and CdS nanoparticles from metal xanthate,” Mater. Lett. 116, 154–159 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.-B.

Z.-B. Sun, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, S. Nakanishi, X.-M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Multicolor polymer nanocomposites: In situ synthesis and fabrication of 3D microstructures,” Adv. Mater. 20(5), 914–919 (2008).
[Crossref]

Suzer, S.

E. Yilmaz and S. Suzer, “Au nanoparticles in PMMA matrix: In situ synthesis and the effect of Au nanoparticles on PMMA conductivity,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256(22), 6630–6633 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tapfer, L.

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, A. Camposeo, E. Piscopiello, L. Persano, D. Pisignano, and L. Tapfer, “Spatially confined CdS NCs in-situ synthesis through laser irradiation of suitable unimolecular precursor-doped polymer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(47), 25119–25125 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Fragouli, A. M. Laera, G. Caputo, V. Resta, P. P. Pompa, L. Tapfer, R. Cingolani, and A. Athanassiou, “The effect of polymer matrices in the in-situ CdS formation under UV irradiation of precursor-polymer films,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(2), 1267–1272 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, M. Schioppa, and L. Tapfer, “Highly efficient precursors for direct synthesis of tailored CdS nanocrystals in organic polymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(41), 17311–17317 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, E. Tsiranidou, C. Fotakis, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, and L. Tapfer, “Photon-induced formation of CdS nanocrystals in selected areas of polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(15), 153108 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Antolini, A. Ghezelbash, C. Eposito, E. Trave, L. Tapfer, and B. A. Korgel, “Laser-induced nanocomposite formation for printed nanoelectronics,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1095–1098 (2006).
[Crossref]

Toffanin, S.

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trave, E.

F. Antolini, A. Ghezelbash, C. Eposito, E. Trave, L. Tapfer, and B. A. Korgel, “Laser-induced nanocomposite formation for printed nanoelectronics,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1095–1098 (2006).
[Crossref]

Truong, V.-V.

M. Alsawafta, S. Badilescu, A. Paneri, V.-V. Truong, and M. Packirisamy, “Gold-poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposite films for plasmonic biosensing applications,” Polymers (Basel) 3(4), 1833–1848 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tsiranidou, E.

A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, E. Tsiranidou, C. Fotakis, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, and L. Tapfer, “Photon-induced formation of CdS nanocrystals in selected areas of polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(15), 153108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tsverova, N.

N. Bityurin, A. Alexandrov, A. Afanasiev, N. Agareva, A. Pikulin, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, E. Salomatina, E. Gorshkova, N. Tsverova, and L. Smirnova, “Photoinduced nanocomposites—creation, modification, linear and nonlinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 112(1), 135–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wenseleers, W.

F. Stellaci, C. A. Bauer, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, W. Wenseleers, V. Alain, S. M. Kuebler, S. J. K. Pond, Y. Zhang, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Laser and electron-beam induced growth of nanoparticles for 2D and 3D metal patterning,” Adv. Mater. 14(3), 194–198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yakimovich, N.

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1–4), 181–184 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yakimovich, N. O.

N. O. Yakimovich, N. V. Sapogova, L. A. Smirnova, A. P. Aleksandrov, T. A. Gracheva, A. V. Kirsanov, and N. M. Bityurin, “Gold-containing nanocomposition materials on the basis of homo-and copolymers of methylmethacrylate,” Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 2(1), 128–134 (2008).

Yilmaz, E.

E. Yilmaz and S. Suzer, “Au nanoparticles in PMMA matrix: In situ synthesis and the effect of Au nanoparticles on PMMA conductivity,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256(22), 6630–6633 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

F. Stellaci, C. A. Bauer, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, W. Wenseleers, V. Alain, S. M. Kuebler, S. J. K. Pond, Y. Zhang, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Laser and electron-beam induced growth of nanoparticles for 2D and 3D metal patterning,” Adv. Mater. 14(3), 194–198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Znaidi, L.

N. Bityurin, L. Znaidi, and A. Kanaev, “Laser-induced absorption in titanium oxide based gels,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 374(1–2), 95–99 (2003).
[Crossref]

ACS Sustain. Chem.& Eng. (1)

K. Hölz, J. Lietard, and M. M. Somoza, “High-Power 365 nm UV LED Mercury Arc Lamp Replacement for Photochemistry and Chemical Photolithography,” ACS Sustain. Chem.& Eng. 5(1), 828–834 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (2)

F. Stellaci, C. A. Bauer, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, W. Wenseleers, V. Alain, S. M. Kuebler, S. J. K. Pond, Y. Zhang, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Laser and electron-beam induced growth of nanoparticles for 2D and 3D metal patterning,” Adv. Mater. 14(3), 194–198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Z.-B. Sun, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, S. Nakanishi, X.-M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Multicolor polymer nanocomposites: In situ synthesis and fabrication of 3D microstructures,” Adv. Mater. 20(5), 914–919 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, E. Tsiranidou, C. Fotakis, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, and L. Tapfer, “Photon-induced formation of CdS nanocrystals in selected areas of polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(15), 153108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

N. Bityurin, A. Alexandrov, A. Afanasiev, N. Agareva, A. Pikulin, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, E. Salomatina, E. Gorshkova, N. Tsverova, and L. Smirnova, “Photoinduced nanocomposites—creation, modification, linear and nonlinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 112(1), 135–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (3)

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 248(1–4), 181–184 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. Bityurin, “UV etching accompanied by modifications. Surface etching,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 138–139, 354–358 (1999).
[Crossref]

E. Yilmaz and S. Suzer, “Au nanoparticles in PMMA matrix: In situ synthesis and the effect of Au nanoparticles on PMMA conductivity,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256(22), 6630–6633 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

K. Ramasamy, M. A. Malik, M. Helliwell, J. Raftery, and P. O’Brien, “Thio- and dithio-biuret precursors for zinc sulfide, cadmium sulfide, and zinc cadmium sulfide thin films,” Chem. Mater. 23(6), 1471–1481 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

N. Bityurin, L. Znaidi, and A. Kanaev, “Laser-induced absorption in titanium oxide based gels,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 374(1–2), 95–99 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, N. Bityurin, and A. Kanaev, “Extinction of photo-induced Ti3+ centres in titanium oxide gels and gel-based oxo-PHEMA hybrids,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 429(4), 523–527 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

N. Bityurin, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, M. H. Hong, and T. C. Chong, “Models for laser ablation of polymers,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 519–552 (2003).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Ninomiya and S. Adachi, “Optical properties of wurtzite CdS,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(2), 1183–1190 (1995).
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L. E. Brus, “Electron–electron and electron‐hole interactions in small semiconductor crystallites: The size dependence of the lowest excited electronic state,” J. Chem. Phys. 80(9), 4403–4409 (1984).
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J. Clean. Prod. (1)

S. Scalbi, V. Fantin, and F. Antolini, “Environmental assessment of new technologies: Production of a quantum dots-light emitting diode,” J. Clean. Prod. 142(4), 3702–3718 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

P. K. Khanna and N. Singh, “Light emitting CdS quantum dots in PMMA: synthesis and optical studies,” J. Lumin. 127(2), 474–482 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (2)

A. Camposeo, M. Polo, A. A. R. Neves, D. Fragouli, L. Persano, S. Molle, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, V. Resta, A. Athanassiou, R. Cingolani, L. Tapfer, and D. Pisignano, “Multi-photon in situ synthesis and patterning of polymer-embedded nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(19), 9787–9793 (2012).
[Crossref]

O. Kameneva, A. Kuznestov, L. A. Smirnova, L. Rozes, C. Sanchez, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, Ph. Marteau, and A. Kanaev, “New photoactive organic-inorganic materials based on titanium-oxo-PHEMA nanocomposites exchibiting mixed valence properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 15(33), 3380–3383 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. (1)

D. Fragouli, A. M. Laera, G. Caputo, V. Resta, P. P. Pompa, L. Tapfer, R. Cingolani, and A. Athanassiou, “The effect of polymer matrices in the in-situ CdS formation under UV irradiation of precursor-polymer films,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(2), 1267–1272 (2010).
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J. Phys. Chem. C (2)

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, A. Camposeo, E. Piscopiello, L. Persano, D. Pisignano, and L. Tapfer, “Spatially confined CdS NCs in-situ synthesis through laser irradiation of suitable unimolecular precursor-doped polymer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(47), 25119–25125 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Resta, A. M. Laera, E. Piscopiello, M. Schioppa, and L. Tapfer, “Highly efficient precursors for direct synthesis of tailored CdS nanocrystals in organic polymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(41), 17311–17317 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mater. Lett. (2)

D. C. Onwudiwe, T. P. J. Krüger, and C. A. Strydom, “Laser assisted solid state reaction for the synthesis of ZnS and CdS nanoparticles from metal xanthate,” Mater. Lett. 116, 154–159 (2014).
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F. Antolini, A. Ghezelbash, C. Eposito, E. Trave, L. Tapfer, and B. A. Korgel, “Laser-induced nanocomposite formation for printed nanoelectronics,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1095–1098 (2006).
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Materials (Basel) (1)

N. Agareva, A. A. Smirnov, A. Afanasiev, S. Sologubov, A. Markin, E. Salomatina, L. Smirnova, and N. Bityurin, “Properties of cadmium-(bis)dodecylthiolate and polymeric composites based on it,” Materials (Basel) 8(12), 8691–8700 (2015).
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Nanoscale (1)

A. K. Bansal, M. T. Sajjad, F. Antolini, L. Stroea, P. Gečys, G. Raciukaitis, P. André, A. Hirzer, V. Schmidt, L. Ortolani, S. Toffanin, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules,” Nanoscale 7(25), 11163–11172 (2015).
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Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2)

A. K. Bansal, F. Antolini, M. T. Sajjad, L. Stroea, R. Mazzaro, S. G. Ramkumar, K.-J. Kass, S. Allard, U. Scherf, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photophysical and structural characterisation of in situ formed quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16(20), 9556–9564 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Sapogova, A. Pikulin, A. A. Smirnov, and N. Bityurin, “Diffusion-controlled alteration of inhomogeneous materials: tailoring of the spatial distribution of nanoparticles in nanocomposites,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(48), 32921–32930 (2016).
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Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

A. I. Kuznetsov, O. Kameneva, A. Alexandrov, N. Bityurin, P. Marteau, K. Chhor, C. Sanchez, and A. Kanaev, “Light-induced charge separation and storage in titanium oxide gels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(2 Pt 1), 021403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polymers (Basel) (1)

M. Alsawafta, S. Badilescu, A. Paneri, V.-V. Truong, and M. Packirisamy, “Gold-poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposite films for plasmonic biosensing applications,” Polymers (Basel) 3(4), 1833–1848 (2011).
[Crossref]

Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

N. O. Yakimovich, N. V. Sapogova, L. A. Smirnova, A. P. Aleksandrov, T. A. Gracheva, A. V. Kirsanov, and N. M. Bityurin, “Gold-containing nanocomposition materials on the basis of homo-and copolymers of methylmethacrylate,” Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 2(1), 128–134 (2008).

Other (2)

N. M. Bityurin, “Laser Nanostructuring of Polymers,” in Fundamentals of Laser–Assisted Micro- and Nanotechnologies, V. P. Veiko, V. I. Konov, eds. (Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 2014).

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (A Wiley-Interscience publication, John Wiley &Sons, New York, Chichester, Bribane, Totonto, Singapore, 1983).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Scheme of the setup for studying the kinetics of the photoinduced process.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 TEM micrographs of the PMMA/TEDBCd thin films with a precursor mass fraction of 5% as is in (a) and irradiated with UV exposure 2.3 kJ cm−2 (2 h, 320 mW cm−2) at 110 °C (b,c). The nanoparticles are seen as dark spots on the BF image (b), and bright dots on DF image (c). The clusters of these nanoparticles are marked by arrows. (d,e): Histograms of the particles sizes for PMMA/TEDBCd sample obtained from BF (d) and DF (e) images. (f,g): HRTEM micrographs of CdS nanoparticles in the irradiated PMMA/TEDBCd film. The inset shows the NanoBeam electron diffraction patterns of the corresponding cluster.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Absorbance at 405 nm vs UV exposure for the PMMA/TEDBCd film with a precursor mass fraction of 5% for three different temperatures (90 °C, 100 °C, and 110 °C) and two optical power densities: “high” (about 400 mW cm−2) – solid lines and “low” (57% of high passing through the glass filter) – dotted lines. (b) Absorbance spectra of the PMMA/TEDBCd film with a precursor mass fraction of 5% irradiated with an UV exposure of 1.5 kJ/cm2 under three different temperatures, namely, 90 °C (blue lines, squares), 100 °C (green lines, circles), and 110 °C (red lines, triangles). The spectra for the samples irradiated with “high” intensity are presented as solid lines with filled symbols; for “low” intensity – dotted lines with empty symbols. The spectrum of the non-irradiated sample is shown by a gray line with star symbols. (c) Magnified plot for small exposures at high intensity. (d) Normalized PL spectra of the PMMA/TEDBCd film with a precursor mass fraction of 5% irradiated with UV exposure 1.5 kJ/cm2 under three different temperatures (90 °C, 100 °C, and 110 °C). The spectra for the samples irradiated with “high” intensity are presented filled symbols; for “low” intensity – with empty symbols. (e) PL spectra of the PMMA/TEDBCd film with a precursor mass fraction of 5%: non-irradiated (gray curve, empty squares), irradiated for 3 min (75 J/cm2 exposure) at 100 °C (red curve, filled circles), irradiated with an UV exposure of 1.5 kJ/cm2 for 1 hour at 100 °C (green curve, filled triangles). The excitation wavelength is 405 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Absorption cross-section per single CdS unit according to Mie theory (dashed line) calculated using the averaged data on optical constants of CdS published in [31] and fifth-order fit (solid line). (b) Particle size distribution functions (arbitrary units) corresponding to optical absorbance at wavelength range 400-500nm (see Appendix) for different temperatures: 90 °C (blue line), 100 °C (green line), and 110 °C (red line).

Equations (9)

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σ abs = 8 π 2 n m λ a 3 3ε'' ε m ( ε +2 ε m ) 2 +ε' ' 2
σ B = 18π λ v CdS n m ε'' ε m ( ε +2 ε m ) 2 +ε' ' 2 .
E g (R)= E g0 + π 2 2 2 R 2 ( 1 m e b + 1 m h b ).
R(λ)= π 4c 1/ m e b +1/ m h b 1/λ 1/ λ gap .
R(λ)= R * λ gap / λ * 1 λ gap /λ 1 .
λ ¯ (r)= λ gap 1+( λ gap / λ * 1) ( R * /r ) 2 .
D(λ)= R(λ) f(r) 4π 3 v CdS r 3 σ B (λ)dr.
f(r)= Ψ( λ ¯ (r) ) 4π 3 v CdS r 3 ,
Ψ(λ)=D(λ) σ B (λ) λ 1 σ B (λ) D(λ) λ 1 D(λ) σ B (λ) R(λ) λ .

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