Abstract

We demonstrate a passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95 μm using a WS2 saturable absorber (SA). A shortest pulse width of 654 ns was achieved with an average output power of 82 mW and the repetition rate of 90.4 kHz at T = 2%. Our result reveals that WS2 -SAs have great potential to be the modulator in mid-IR wavelength range.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  21. M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L.-J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

2016 (3)

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Luan, K. Yang, J. Zhao, S. Zhao, L. Song, T. Li, H. Chu, J. Qiao, C. Wang, Z. Li, S. Jiang, B. Man, and L. Zheng, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for Q-switched 2 micron lasers,” Opt. Lett. 41(16), 3783–3786 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. J. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Yang, Z. Q. Luo, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-Switching of a Diode-Pumped Pr:LiYF4 Visible Laser Using WS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (1)

J. Li, H. Luo, Y. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

V. Nicolosi, M. Chhowalla, M. G. Kanatzidis, M. S. Strano, and J. N. Coleman, “Liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 340(6139), 1226419 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L.-J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zhu, X. Zhu, K. Balakrishnan, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Fe2+:ZnSe and graphene Q-switched singly Ho3+ -doped ZBLAN fiber lasers at 3 μm,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1365–1377 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. X. Zhang, Y. Hang, C. C. Zhao, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Y. Zhu, “2.95 µm luminescence from a Ho3+, Pr3+ double-doped LiLuF4 optical crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2010 (2)

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Jalali, “Nonlinear optics in the mid-infrared,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 506–508 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

A. F. H. Librantz, S. D. Jackson, F. H. Jagosich, L. Gomes, G. Poirier, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Excited state dynamics of the Ho3+ ions in holmium singly doped holmium singly doped and holmium, praseodymium-codoped fluoride glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 123111 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAIO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

S. D. Jackson, “210 mW 2.84 μm Ho3+, Pr3+-doped fluoride fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 39(10), 772 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

D. Richter, A. Fried, B. P. Wert, J. G. Walega, and F. K. Tittel, “Development of a tunable mid-IR difference frequency laser source for highly sensitive airborne trace gas detection,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 281–288 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

G. H. Xiao and M. Bass, “A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excited state absorption in the saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(1), 41–44 (1997).
[Crossref]

Aggarwal, R. L.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAIO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514 (2005).
[Crossref]

Balakrishnan, K.

Bass, M.

G. H. Xiao and M. Bass, “A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excited state absorption in the saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(1), 41–44 (1997).
[Crossref]

Beil, K.

Bragagna, T.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z. P.

Y. J. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Yang, Z. Q. Luo, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-Switching of a Diode-Pumped Pr:LiYF4 Visible Laser Using WS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

Chen, J.

Cheng, Y. J.

Y. J. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Yang, Z. Q. Luo, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-Switching of a Diode-Pumped Pr:LiYF4 Visible Laser Using WS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chhowalla, M.

M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L.-J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Nicolosi, M. Chhowalla, M. G. Kanatzidis, M. S. Strano, and J. N. Coleman, “Liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 340(6139), 1226419 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chu, H.

Coleman, J. N.

V. Nicolosi, M. Chhowalla, M. G. Kanatzidis, M. S. Strano, and J. N. Coleman, “Liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 340(6139), 1226419 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eda, G.

M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L.-J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, T. Y.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAIO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fried, A.

D. Richter, A. Fried, B. P. Wert, J. G. Walega, and F. K. Tittel, “Development of a tunable mid-IR difference frequency laser source for highly sensitive airborne trace gas detection,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 281–288 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galecki, L.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gan, X.

Gomes, L.

A. F. H. Librantz, S. D. Jackson, F. H. Jagosich, L. Gomes, G. Poirier, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Excited state dynamics of the Ho3+ ions in holmium singly doped holmium singly doped and holmium, praseodymium-codoped fluoride glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 123111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gross, S.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gu, C.

Hang, Y.

He, J.

He, Y.

J. Li, H. Luo, Y. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Heinrich, A.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hu, Y.

Huber, G.

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, “High-power and highly efficient diode-cladding-pumped holmium-doped fluoride fiber laser operating at 2.94 microm,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2327–2329 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. H. Librantz, S. D. Jackson, F. H. Jagosich, L. Gomes, G. Poirier, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Excited state dynamics of the Ho3+ ions in holmium singly doped holmium singly doped and holmium, praseodymium-codoped fluoride glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 123111 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, “210 mW 2.84 μm Ho3+, Pr3+-doped fluoride fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 39(10), 772 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jagosich, F. H.

A. F. H. Librantz, S. D. Jackson, F. H. Jagosich, L. Gomes, G. Poirier, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Excited state dynamics of the Ho3+ ions in holmium singly doped holmium singly doped and holmium, praseodymium-codoped fluoride glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 123111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jalali, B.

B. Jalali, “Nonlinear optics in the mid-infrared,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 506–508 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

Kalantar-Zadeh, K.

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanatzidis, M. G.

V. Nicolosi, M. Chhowalla, M. G. Kanatzidis, M. S. Strano, and J. N. Coleman, “Liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 340(6139), 1226419 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kasprzak, J.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kis, A.

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kränkel, C.

Li, C.

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, Y. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, L.-J.

M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L.-J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, T.

Li, X.

Li, Z.

Librantz, A. F. H.

A. F. H. Librantz, S. D. Jackson, F. H. Jagosich, L. Gomes, G. Poirier, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Excited state dynamics of the Ho3+ ions in holmium singly doped holmium singly doped and holmium, praseodymium-codoped fluoride glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 123111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

Liu, Y.

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, Y. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Loh, K. P.

M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L.-J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luan, C.

Luo, H.

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, Y. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z. Q.

Y. J. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Yang, Z. Q. Luo, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-Switching of a Diode-Pumped Pr:LiYF4 Visible Laser Using WS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Maciejewska, M.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Man, B.

Mao, D.

Mei, T.

Messaddeq, Y.

A. F. H. Librantz, S. D. Jackson, F. H. Jagosich, L. Gomes, G. Poirier, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Excited state dynamics of the Ho3+ ions in holmium singly doped holmium singly doped and holmium, praseodymium-codoped fluoride glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 123111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nicolosi, V.

V. Nicolosi, M. Chhowalla, M. G. Kanatzidis, M. S. Strano, and J. N. Coleman, “Liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 340(6139), 1226419 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nie, H.

Norwood, R. A.

Nyga, P.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ochoa, J. R.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAIO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514 (2005).
[Crossref]

Peng, J.

Y. J. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Yang, Z. Q. Luo, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-Switching of a Diode-Pumped Pr:LiYF4 Visible Laser Using WS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Peyghambarian, N.

Pichola, W.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Poirier, G.

A. F. H. Librantz, S. D. Jackson, F. H. Jagosich, L. Gomes, G. Poirier, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Excited state dynamics of the Ho3+ ions in holmium singly doped holmium singly doped and holmium, praseodymium-codoped fluoride glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 123111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Qiao, J.

Ribeiro, S. J. L.

A. F. H. Librantz, S. D. Jackson, F. H. Jagosich, L. Gomes, G. Poirier, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Excited state dynamics of the Ho3+ ions in holmium singly doped holmium singly doped and holmium, praseodymium-codoped fluoride glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 123111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Richter, D.

D. Richter, A. Fried, B. P. Wert, J. G. Walega, and F. K. Tittel, “Development of a tunable mid-IR difference frequency laser source for highly sensitive airborne trace gas detection,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 281–288 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ripin, D. J.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAIO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rozhin, A. G.

J. Li, H. Luo, Y. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shin, H. S.

M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L.-J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skorczakowski, M.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Song, L.

Strano, M. S.

V. Nicolosi, M. Chhowalla, M. G. Kanatzidis, M. S. Strano, and J. N. Coleman, “Liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 340(6139), 1226419 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swiderski, J.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tittel, F. K.

D. Richter, A. Fried, B. P. Wert, J. G. Walega, and F. K. Tittel, “Development of a tunable mid-IR difference frequency laser source for highly sensitive airborne trace gas detection,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 281–288 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turistyn, S. K.

J. Li, H. Luo, Y. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Walega, J. G.

D. Richter, A. Fried, B. P. Wert, J. G. Walega, and F. K. Tittel, “Development of a tunable mid-IR difference frequency laser source for highly sensitive airborne trace gas detection,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 281–288 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

Wang, J.

Wang, Q. H.

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Wei, C.

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Weng, J.

Y. J. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Yang, Z. Q. Luo, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-Switching of a Diode-Pumped Pr:LiYF4 Visible Laser Using WS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wert, B. P.

D. Richter, A. Fried, B. P. Wert, J. G. Walega, and F. K. Tittel, “Development of a tunable mid-IR difference frequency laser source for highly sensitive airborne trace gas detection,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 281–288 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, K.

Xiao, G. H.

G. H. Xiao and M. Bass, “A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excited state absorption in the saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(1), 41–44 (1997).
[Crossref]

Xie, J.

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Y. J. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Yang, Z. Q. Luo, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-Switching of a Diode-Pumped Pr:LiYF4 Visible Laser Using WS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, H. Y.

Y. J. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Yang, Z. Q. Luo, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-Switching of a Diode-Pumped Pr:LiYF4 Visible Laser Using WS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Xu, L.

Yang, H.

Y. J. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Yang, Z. Q. Luo, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-Switching of a Diode-Pumped Pr:LiYF4 Visible Laser Using WS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, K.

Zajac, A.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, H.

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L.-J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, L. H.

P. X. Zhang, Y. Hang, C. C. Zhao, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Y. Zhu, “2.95 µm luminescence from a Ho3+, Pr3+ double-doped LiLuF4 optical crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, P.

Zhang, P. X.

P. X. Zhang, Y. Hang, C. C. Zhao, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Y. Zhu, “2.95 µm luminescence from a Ho3+, Pr3+ double-doped LiLuF4 optical crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

Zhao, C. C.

P. X. Zhang, Y. Hang, C. C. Zhao, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Y. Zhu, “2.95 µm luminescence from a Ho3+, Pr3+ double-doped LiLuF4 optical crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, S.

Zheng, L.

Zhou, K. M.

J. Li, H. Luo, Y. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, G.

Zhu, X.

Zhu, Y. Y.

P. X. Zhang, Y. Hang, C. C. Zhao, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Y. Zhu, “2.95 µm luminescence from a Ho3+, Pr3+ double-doped LiLuF4 optical crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Richter, A. Fried, B. P. Wert, J. G. Walega, and F. K. Tittel, “Development of a tunable mid-IR difference frequency laser source for highly sensitive airborne trace gas detection,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 281–288 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. D. Jackson, “210 mW 2.84 μm Ho3+, Pr3+-doped fluoride fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 39(10), 772 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. H. Xiao and M. Bass, “A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excited state absorption in the saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(1), 41–44 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. J. Cheng, J. Peng, B. Xu, H. Yang, Z. Q. Luo, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and J. Weng, “Passive Q-Switching of a Diode-Pumped Pr:LiYF4 Visible Laser Using WS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

A. F. H. Librantz, S. D. Jackson, F. H. Jagosich, L. Gomes, G. Poirier, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Excited state dynamics of the Ho3+ ions in holmium singly doped holmium singly doped and holmium, praseodymium-codoped fluoride glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 123111 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAIO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(10), 103514 (2005).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

P. X. Zhang, Y. Hang, C. C. Zhao, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Y. Zhu, “2.95 µm luminescence from a Ho3+, Pr3+ double-doped LiLuF4 optical crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, Y. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Chem. (1)

M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L.-J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. Jalali, “Nonlinear optics in the mid-infrared,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 506–508 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Science (1)

V. Nicolosi, M. Chhowalla, M. G. Kanatzidis, M. S. Strano, and J. N. Coleman, “Liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 340(6139), 1226419 (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

N. Hodgson and H. Weber, Laser Resonators and Beam Propagation: Fundamentals, Advanced Concepts and Applications (Springer, 2005).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) AFM image and (b) height profile diagrams of the WS2-SA.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Optical transmission spectrum of the WS2 film on a YAG substrate; inset: saturable absorption curve of the WS2-SA near 3 μm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Scheme of the passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser based on WS2-SAs.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Average output power of cw Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser; inset: output spectrum.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Average output power of Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser; inset: output spectrum.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Performance of the Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4: (a) repetition rate; (b) pulse duration; (c) single pulse energy; (d) the typical pulse train and a single pulse envelope at T = 2%.

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