Abstract

Intense multi-peak warm yellowish-white fluorescence emissions of Dy3+ are exhibited in alkaline-earth borate glasses under the excitation of a blue laser. The net emission power and net emission photon number are identified to be 498.23μW and 14.28 × 1014cps, respectively, and the quantum yield is as high as 23.10% in 2.0wt% Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glass under the excitation of a 453nm blue laser with 14.13mW power. Anticipation of fluorescence color reveals that white luminescence can be achieved when the intensity ratio between residual laser light and Dy3+ emission reaches the appropriate range. By the introduction of Ce3+, the excitation wavelength range and the emission intensity of Dy3+ in alkaline-earth borate glasses are expanded to UVB region and improved by a maximum sensitization factor of 38.2, respectively, demonstrating the utilizability of a UV pumping laser for Ce3+−Dy3+ codoped alkaline-earth borate glasses. Efficient fluorescence emission and realizable white lighting in Dy3+ doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under the laser excitation will promote the development of laser illumination devices.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (15)

R. Porras-Aguilar, K. Falaggis, and R. Ramos-Garcia, “Error correcting coding-theory for structured light illumination systems,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 93, 146–155 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Porras-Aguilar, K. Falaggis, and R. Ramos-Garcia, “Optimum projection pattern generation for grey-level coded structured light illumination systems,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 91, 242–256 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Kristensson, Z. Li, E. Berrocal, M. Richter, and M. Aldén, “Instantaneous 3D imaging of flame species using coded laser illumination,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 36(3), 4585–4591 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. G. Lyu, S. Gao, and J. C. Yang, “An optimisation design of adaptive illumination for a multi-reflective 3D scene,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 93, 128–138 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Shamshad, G. Rooh, K. Kirdsiri, N. Srisittipokakun, B. Damdee, H. J. Kim, and J. Kaewkhao, “Effect of alkaline earth oxides on the physical and spectroscopic properties of Dy3+-doped Li2O-B2O3 glasses for white emitting material application,” Opt. Mater. 64, 268–275 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Zaman, G. Rooh, N. Srisittipokakun, H. J. Kim, E. Kaewnuam, P. Meejitpaisan, and J. Kaewkhao, “Scintillation and luminescence characteristics of Ce3+ doped in Li2O–Gd2O3–BaO–B2O3 scintillating glasses,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 130, 158–163 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. P. Pawar, S. R. Munishwar, and R. S. Gedam, “Intense white light luminescent Dy3+ doped lithium borate glasses for W-LED: a correlation between physical, thermal, structural and optical properties,” Solid State Sci. 64, 41–50 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Lakshminarayana, S. O. Baki, A. Lira, I. V. Kityk, U. Caldiño, K. M. Kaky, and M. A. Mahdi, “Structural, thermal and optical investigations of Dy3+-doped B2O3–WO3–ZnO–Li2O–Na2O glasses for warm white light emitting applications,” J. Lumin. 186, 283–300 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. R. Dillip, G. B. Kumar, V. R. Bandi, M. Hareesh, B. D. P. Raju, S. W. Joo, L. K. Bharat, and J. S. Yu, “Versatile host-sensitized white light emission in a single-component K3ZnB5O10:Dy3+ phosphor for ultraviolet converted light-emitting diodes,” J. Alloys Compd. 699, 1108–1117 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, F. F. Huang, W. Q. Cao, Y. Y. Guo, R. S. Lei, R. G. Ye, J. J. Zhang, and S. Q. Xu, “Positive influence of Ce3+ on effective transfer Yb3+:2F5/2 → Ho3+:5I6 in silica-germanate glass for mid-infrared applications,” Opt. Mater. Express 7, 1048–1095 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Samdani, G. Ramadevudu, M. N. Chary, and M. Shareefuddin, “Physical and spectroscopic studies of Cr3+ doped mixed alkaline earth oxide borate glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 186, 382–389 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, Q. Yang, R. K. Brow, K. Liu, K. A. Brow, Y. Ma, and H. Shi, “In vitro stimulation of vascular endothelial growth factor by borate-based glass fibers under dynamic flow conditions,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 73, 447–455 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Loosa, M. Mungraa, B. Ahrensa, R. L. Leonardc, A. Evansc, J. A. Johnsonc, F. Steudel, and S. Schweizera, “Concentration-dependent luminescence and energy transfer in Tb3+/Eu3+ doped borate and fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Lumin. 187, 298–303 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. P. Pawar, S. R. Munishwar, S. Gautam, and R. S. Gedam, “Physical, thermal, structural and optical properties of Dy3+ doped lithium alumino-borate glasses for bright W-LED,” J. Lumin. 183, 79–88 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. V. Rao, B. Shanmugavelu, and V. V. R. K. Kumar, “Optical absorption and photoluminescence studies of Dy3+ doped alkaline earth bismuth borate glasses,” J. Lumin. 181, 291–298 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (14)

H. L. Wen, P. A. Tanner, and B. M. Cheng, “Optical properties of 3dN transition metal ion-doped lead borate glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 83, 400–407 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. B. Saddeek, K. Aly, G. Abbady, N. Afify, K. S. Shaaban, and A. Dahshan, “Optical and structural evaluation of bismuth alumina-borate glasses doped with different amounts of (Y2O3),” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 454, 13–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. H. A. Kamaruddin, M. S. Rohani, M. R. Sahar, H. Liu, and Y. Sang, “Synthesis and characterization of lithium niobium borate glasses containing neodymium,” J. Rare Earths 34(12), 1199–1205 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Chen, Y. Tian, B. Li, C. Wang, X. Jing, J. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and quantitative analysis of thulium-doped niobium silicate-germanate glass,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 79, 191–197 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Kaur, P. Kaur, G. P. Singh, D. Arora, S. Kumar, and D. P. Singh, “White light emission of Ce3+ sensitized Sm3+ doped lead alumino borate glasses,” J. Lumin. 180, 190–197 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. P. Tuyen, B. Sengthong, V. X. Quang, P. V. Do, H. V. Tuyen, L. X. Hunga, N. T. Thanhd, M. Nogamia, T. Hayakawag, and B. T. Huy, “Dy3+ ions as optical probes for studying structure of boro-tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 178, 27–33 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. B. A. Devi, S. Mahamuda, M. Venkateswarlu, K. Swapna, A. S. Rao, and G. V. Prakash, “Dy3+ ions doped single and mixed alkali fluoro tungsten tellurite glasses for laser and white LED applications,” Opt. Mater. 62, 569–577 (2016).

K. Das, A. Marathe, X. Zhang, Z. Zhao, and J. Chaudhuri, “Superior white light emission and color tunability of tri-doped YBO3:Tb3+, Eu3+ and Dy3+ for white light emitting diodes,” Rsc Adv. 6(97), 95055–95061 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. I. Kindrat, B. V. Padlyak, S. Mahlik, B. Kukliński, and Y. O. Kulyk, “Spectroscopic properties of the Ce-doped borate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 59, 20–27 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. N. Meza-Rocha, R. Lozada-Morales, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and U. Caldiño, “White light generation in Tb3+/Eu3+/Dy3+ triply-doped Zn(PO3)2 glass,” Opt. Mater. 51, 128–132 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. W. Rosemann, J. P. Eußner, A. Beyer, S. W. Koch, K. Volz, S. Dehnen, and S. Chatterjee, “A highly efficient directional molecular white-light emitter driven by a continuous-wave laser diode,” Science 352(6291), 1301–1304 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Matthews, F. Pomel, C. Wender, A. Kiselev, D. Duft, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wolf, and T. Leisner, “Laser vaporization of cirrus-like ice particles with secondary ice multiplication,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501912 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Steude, E. C. Witts, G. B. Miles, and M. C. Gather, “Arrays of microscopic organic LEDs for high-resolution optogenetics,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1600061 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kaganovskii, A. M. Korsunsky, and M. Rosenbluh, “Ripples in amorphous chalcogenide films under homogeneous laser illumination,” Mater. Lett. 183, 156–160 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (10)

U. Caldiño, A. Lira, A. N. Meza-Rocha, E. Pasquini, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and G. C. Righini, “White light generation in Dy3+-and Ce3+/Dy3+-doped zinc–sodium–aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Lumin. 167, 327–332 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. I. Kindrat, B. V. Padlyak, and A. Drzewiecki, “Luminescence properties of the Sm-doped borate glasses,” J. Lumin. 166, 264–275 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, W. H. Zhang, S. Y. Ouyang, Y. P. Zhang, and H. P. Xia, “Luminescent properties of Ce3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing BaGdF5 nanocrystals,” J. Rare Earths 411(1), 13–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Masai and T. Yanagida, “Emission property of Ce3+-doped Li2O-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(8), 1851 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. L. Sang, S. R. Bae, G. C. Yong, and W. J. Chung, “Visible spectroscopic properties of SiO2–Na2O–Al2O3–LaF3 glass ceramics doped with Dy3+ and Ho3+ under blue LED excitation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 431, 126192 (2015).

H. Y. Li, L. F. Shen, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Dy3+ -doped germanate glasses for waveguide-typed irradiation light sources,” J. Alloys Compd. 646, 586–591 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Masai and T. Yanagida, “Emission property of Ce3+-doped Li2O-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(8), 1851 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, Y. Liang, M. Tong, D. Yu, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, and C. J. Yan, “Photoluminescence properties of novel white phosphor of Dy3+-doped LaBSiO5 glass,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 38, 266–270 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. V. Rao, S. Babu, G. Venkataiah, and Y. C. Ratnakaram, “Optical spectroscopy of Dy3+ doped borate glasses for luminescence applications,” J. Mol. Struct. 1094, 274–280 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Rajesh, K. Brahmachary, Y. C. Ratnakaram, N. Kiran, A. P. Baker, and G. G. Wang, “Energy transfer based emission analysis of Dy3+/Eu3+ co-doped ZANP glasses for white LED applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 646, 1096–1103 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

F. Wang, B. Chen, Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Dy3+ doped sodium–magnesium–aluminum–phosphate glasses for greenish–yellow waveguide light sources,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 391, 17–22 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. M. Dodson, J. A. Kurvits, D. Li, M. Jiang, and R. Zia, “Magnetic dipole emission of Dy3+:Y2O3 and Tm3+:Y2O3 at near-infrared wavelengths,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2441–2450 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Strzęp, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and M. Berkowski, “Spectral characteristics of visible luminescence in Gd2SiO5–Lu2SiO5(LGSO) solid solution crystals co-doped with Ce3+ and Dy3+,” Opt. Mater. 37, 862–865 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

J. Qiao, J. Zhang, X. Zhang, Z. Hao, W. Deng, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, L. Zhang, H. Zhao, and J. Lin, “Formation condition of red Ce3+ in Ca3Sc2Si3O12:Ce3+, N3- as a full-color-emitting light-emitting diode phosphor,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 884–886 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Vijaya, K. Upendra Kumar, and C. K. Jayasankar, “Dy3+-doped zinc fluorophosphate glasses for white luminescence applications,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 113, 145–153 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Rahimi, G. J. Yun, G. L. Doll, and J. S. Choi, “Effects of persistent luminescence decay on mechanoluminescence phenomena of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ materials,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4134–4137 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. Amjad, M. R. Sahar, S. K. Ghoshal, M. R. Dousti, and R. Arifin, “Synthesis and characterization of Dy3+ doped zinc–lead–phosphate glass,” Opt. Mater. 35(5), 1103–1108 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (7)

S. Cui, D. L. Zhao, J. Huang, H. Y. Fu, J. Y. Qian, Q. Luo, X. S. Qiao, X. P. Fan, and X. H. Zhang, “Preparation and luminescence properties of Ce3+/Dy3+-codoped fluorosilicate glass ceramics,” J. Rare Earths 30(4), 304–309 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. S. Jang, H. Y. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. M. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “Yellow-emitting γ-Ca2SiO4:Ce3+, Li+ phosphor for solid-state lighting: luminescent properties, electronic structure, and white light-emitting diode application,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2761–2771 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, R. Wei, X. Liu, and H. Guo, “Enhanced luminescence via energy transfer from Ag+ to RE ions (Dy3+, Sm3+, Tb3+) in glasses,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10122–10127 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Rivera-López, P. Babu, L. Jyothi, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, I. R. Martín, C. K. Jayasankar, and V. Lavín, “Er3+–Yb3+ codoped phosphate glasses used for an efficient 1.5 μm broadband gain medium,” Opt. Mater. 34(8), 1235–1240 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ł. Sójka, Z. Tang, H. Zhu, E. Bereśpawlik, D. Furniss, A. B. Seddon, T. M. Benson, and S. Sujecki, “Study of mid-infrared laser action in chalcogenide rare earth doped glass with Dy3+, Pr3+ and Tb3+,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(11), 1632–1640 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. Rocha, L. H. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. M. Farias, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “Tunable color temperature of Ce3+/Eu2+, 3+ co-doped low silica aluminosilicate glasses for white lighting,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10034–10041 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

M. Ozaki, J. Kato, and S. Kawata, “Surface-plasmon holography with white-light illumination,” Science 332(6026), 218–220 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

D. D. Chen, Q. Qian, M. Y. Peng, S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Effect of Ce3+, Dy3+, and Tb3+ additions on the spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” Physica B 405(21), 4453–4456 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Padlyak, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, O. Smyrnov, A. Drzewiecki, Y. Burak, V. Adamiv, and I. Teslyuk, “Synthesis and spectroscopy of tetraborate glasses doped with copper,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(37-40), 2033–2037 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

Y. Dwivedi and S. B. Rai, “Spectroscopic study of Dy3+ and Dy3+/Yb3+ ions co-doped in barium fluoroborate glass,” Opt. Mater. 31(10), 1472–1477 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. S. Singh, R. S. Ningthoujam, M. N. Luwang, S. D. Singh, and R. K. Vatsa, “Luminescence, lifetime and quantum yield studies of YVO4: Ln3+, (Ln3+ = Dy3+, Eu3+) nanoparticles: Concentration and annealing effects,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 480(4-6), 237–242 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Basavapoornima, C. K. Jayasankar, and P. P. Chandrachoodan, “Luminescence and laser transition studies of Dy3+: K–Mg–Al fluorophosphate glasses,” Physica B 404(2), 235–242 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2000 (1)

M. A. Neil, A. Squire, R. Juskaitis, P. I. Bastiaens, and T. Wilson, “Wide-field optically sectioning fluorescence microscopy with laser illumination,” J. Microsc. 197(1), 1–4 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

N. Soga, K. Hirao, M. Yoshimoto, and H. Yamamoto, “Effects of densification on fluorescence spectra and glass structure of Eu3+-doped borate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 63(9), 4451–4454 (1988).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

Z. Guosheng, P. M. Fauchet, and A. E. Siegman, “Growth of spontaneous periodic surface structures on solids during laser illumination,” Phys. Rev. B 26(10), 5366–5381 (1982).
[Crossref]

Abbady, G.

Y. B. Saddeek, K. Aly, G. Abbady, N. Afify, K. S. Shaaban, and A. Dahshan, “Optical and structural evaluation of bismuth alumina-borate glasses doped with different amounts of (Y2O3),” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 454, 13–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adamiv, V.

B. Padlyak, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, O. Smyrnov, A. Drzewiecki, Y. Burak, V. Adamiv, and I. Teslyuk, “Synthesis and spectroscopy of tetraborate glasses doped with copper,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(37-40), 2033–2037 (2010).
[Crossref]

Afify, N.

Y. B. Saddeek, K. Aly, G. Abbady, N. Afify, K. S. Shaaban, and A. Dahshan, “Optical and structural evaluation of bismuth alumina-borate glasses doped with different amounts of (Y2O3),” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 454, 13–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ahrensa, B.

S. Loosa, M. Mungraa, B. Ahrensa, R. L. Leonardc, A. Evansc, J. A. Johnsonc, F. Steudel, and S. Schweizera, “Concentration-dependent luminescence and energy transfer in Tb3+/Eu3+ doped borate and fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Lumin. 187, 298–303 (2017).
[Crossref]

Aldén, M.

E. Kristensson, Z. Li, E. Berrocal, M. Richter, and M. Aldén, “Instantaneous 3D imaging of flame species using coded laser illumination,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 36(3), 4585–4591 (2017).
[Crossref]

Aly, K.

Y. B. Saddeek, K. Aly, G. Abbady, N. Afify, K. S. Shaaban, and A. Dahshan, “Optical and structural evaluation of bismuth alumina-borate glasses doped with different amounts of (Y2O3),” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 454, 13–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

Amjad, R. J.

R. J. Amjad, M. R. Sahar, S. K. Ghoshal, M. R. Dousti, and R. Arifin, “Synthesis and characterization of Dy3+ doped zinc–lead–phosphate glass,” Opt. Mater. 35(5), 1103–1108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Andrade, L. H.

Arifin, R.

R. J. Amjad, M. R. Sahar, S. K. Ghoshal, M. R. Dousti, and R. Arifin, “Synthesis and characterization of Dy3+ doped zinc–lead–phosphate glass,” Opt. Mater. 35(5), 1103–1108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Arora, D.

S. Kaur, P. Kaur, G. P. Singh, D. Arora, S. Kumar, and D. P. Singh, “White light emission of Ce3+ sensitized Sm3+ doped lead alumino borate glasses,” J. Lumin. 180, 190–197 (2016).
[Crossref]

Babu, P.

F. Rivera-López, P. Babu, L. Jyothi, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, I. R. Martín, C. K. Jayasankar, and V. Lavín, “Er3+–Yb3+ codoped phosphate glasses used for an efficient 1.5 μm broadband gain medium,” Opt. Mater. 34(8), 1235–1240 (2012).
[Crossref]

Babu, S.

K. V. Rao, S. Babu, G. Venkataiah, and Y. C. Ratnakaram, “Optical spectroscopy of Dy3+ doped borate glasses for luminescence applications,” J. Mol. Struct. 1094, 274–280 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bae, S. R.

H. L. Sang, S. R. Bae, G. C. Yong, and W. J. Chung, “Visible spectroscopic properties of SiO2–Na2O–Al2O3–LaF3 glass ceramics doped with Dy3+ and Ho3+ under blue LED excitation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 431, 126192 (2015).

Baesso, M. L.

Baker, A. P.

D. Rajesh, K. Brahmachary, Y. C. Ratnakaram, N. Kiran, A. P. Baker, and G. G. Wang, “Energy transfer based emission analysis of Dy3+/Eu3+ co-doped ZANP glasses for white LED applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 646, 1096–1103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baki, S. O.

G. Lakshminarayana, S. O. Baki, A. Lira, I. V. Kityk, U. Caldiño, K. M. Kaky, and M. A. Mahdi, “Structural, thermal and optical investigations of Dy3+-doped B2O3–WO3–ZnO–Li2O–Na2O glasses for warm white light emitting applications,” J. Lumin. 186, 283–300 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bandi, V. R.

G. R. Dillip, G. B. Kumar, V. R. Bandi, M. Hareesh, B. D. P. Raju, S. W. Joo, L. K. Bharat, and J. S. Yu, “Versatile host-sensitized white light emission in a single-component K3ZnB5O10:Dy3+ phosphor for ultraviolet converted light-emitting diodes,” J. Alloys Compd. 699, 1108–1117 (2017).
[Crossref]

Basavapoornima, C.

C. Basavapoornima, C. K. Jayasankar, and P. P. Chandrachoodan, “Luminescence and laser transition studies of Dy3+: K–Mg–Al fluorophosphate glasses,” Physica B 404(2), 235–242 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bastiaens, P. I.

M. A. Neil, A. Squire, R. Juskaitis, P. I. Bastiaens, and T. Wilson, “Wide-field optically sectioning fluorescence microscopy with laser illumination,” J. Microsc. 197(1), 1–4 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benson, T. M.

Bento, A. C.

Berespawlik, E.

Berkowski, M.

A. Strzęp, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and M. Berkowski, “Spectral characteristics of visible luminescence in Gd2SiO5–Lu2SiO5(LGSO) solid solution crystals co-doped with Ce3+ and Dy3+,” Opt. Mater. 37, 862–865 (2014).
[Crossref]

Berrocal, E.

E. Kristensson, Z. Li, E. Berrocal, M. Richter, and M. Aldén, “Instantaneous 3D imaging of flame species using coded laser illumination,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 36(3), 4585–4591 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bettinelli, M.

A. N. Meza-Rocha, R. Lozada-Morales, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and U. Caldiño, “White light generation in Tb3+/Eu3+/Dy3+ triply-doped Zn(PO3)2 glass,” Opt. Mater. 51, 128–132 (2016).
[Crossref]

U. Caldiño, A. Lira, A. N. Meza-Rocha, E. Pasquini, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and G. C. Righini, “White light generation in Dy3+-and Ce3+/Dy3+-doped zinc–sodium–aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Lumin. 167, 327–332 (2015).
[Crossref]

Beyer, A.

N. W. Rosemann, J. P. Eußner, A. Beyer, S. W. Koch, K. Volz, S. Dehnen, and S. Chatterjee, “A highly efficient directional molecular white-light emitter driven by a continuous-wave laser diode,” Science 352(6291), 1301–1304 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bharat, L. K.

G. R. Dillip, G. B. Kumar, V. R. Bandi, M. Hareesh, B. D. P. Raju, S. W. Joo, L. K. Bharat, and J. S. Yu, “Versatile host-sensitized white light emission in a single-component K3ZnB5O10:Dy3+ phosphor for ultraviolet converted light-emitting diodes,” J. Alloys Compd. 699, 1108–1117 (2017).
[Crossref]

Boulon, G.

Brahmachary, K.

D. Rajesh, K. Brahmachary, Y. C. Ratnakaram, N. Kiran, A. P. Baker, and G. G. Wang, “Energy transfer based emission analysis of Dy3+/Eu3+ co-doped ZANP glasses for white LED applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 646, 1096–1103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Brow, K. A.

S. Chen, Q. Yang, R. K. Brow, K. Liu, K. A. Brow, Y. Ma, and H. Shi, “In vitro stimulation of vascular endothelial growth factor by borate-based glass fibers under dynamic flow conditions,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 73, 447–455 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brow, R. K.

S. Chen, Q. Yang, R. K. Brow, K. Liu, K. A. Brow, Y. Ma, and H. Shi, “In vitro stimulation of vascular endothelial growth factor by borate-based glass fibers under dynamic flow conditions,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 73, 447–455 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burak, Y.

B. Padlyak, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, O. Smyrnov, A. Drzewiecki, Y. Burak, V. Adamiv, and I. Teslyuk, “Synthesis and spectroscopy of tetraborate glasses doped with copper,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(37-40), 2033–2037 (2010).
[Crossref]

Caldiño, U.

G. Lakshminarayana, S. O. Baki, A. Lira, I. V. Kityk, U. Caldiño, K. M. Kaky, and M. A. Mahdi, “Structural, thermal and optical investigations of Dy3+-doped B2O3–WO3–ZnO–Li2O–Na2O glasses for warm white light emitting applications,” J. Lumin. 186, 283–300 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. N. Meza-Rocha, R. Lozada-Morales, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and U. Caldiño, “White light generation in Tb3+/Eu3+/Dy3+ triply-doped Zn(PO3)2 glass,” Opt. Mater. 51, 128–132 (2016).
[Crossref]

U. Caldiño, A. Lira, A. N. Meza-Rocha, E. Pasquini, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and G. C. Righini, “White light generation in Dy3+-and Ce3+/Dy3+-doped zinc–sodium–aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Lumin. 167, 327–332 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, W. Q.

Chandrachoodan, P. P.

C. Basavapoornima, C. K. Jayasankar, and P. P. Chandrachoodan, “Luminescence and laser transition studies of Dy3+: K–Mg–Al fluorophosphate glasses,” Physica B 404(2), 235–242 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chary, M. N.

G. Samdani, G. Ramadevudu, M. N. Chary, and M. Shareefuddin, “Physical and spectroscopic studies of Cr3+ doped mixed alkaline earth oxide borate glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 186, 382–389 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chatterjee, S.

N. W. Rosemann, J. P. Eußner, A. Beyer, S. W. Koch, K. Volz, S. Dehnen, and S. Chatterjee, “A highly efficient directional molecular white-light emitter driven by a continuous-wave laser diode,” Science 352(6291), 1301–1304 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chaudhuri, J.

K. Das, A. Marathe, X. Zhang, Z. Zhao, and J. Chaudhuri, “Superior white light emission and color tunability of tri-doped YBO3:Tb3+, Eu3+ and Dy3+ for white light emitting diodes,” Rsc Adv. 6(97), 95055–95061 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

F. Wang, B. Chen, Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Dy3+ doped sodium–magnesium–aluminum–phosphate glasses for greenish–yellow waveguide light sources,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 391, 17–22 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, D. D.

D. D. Chen, Q. Qian, M. Y. Peng, S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Effect of Ce3+, Dy3+, and Tb3+ additions on the spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” Physica B 405(21), 4453–4456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, R.

R. Chen, Y. Tian, B. Li, C. Wang, X. Jing, J. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and quantitative analysis of thulium-doped niobium silicate-germanate glass,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 79, 191–197 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

S. Chen, Q. Yang, R. K. Brow, K. Liu, K. A. Brow, Y. Ma, and H. Shi, “In vitro stimulation of vascular endothelial growth factor by borate-based glass fibers under dynamic flow conditions,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 73, 447–455 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, B. M.

H. L. Wen, P. A. Tanner, and B. M. Cheng, “Optical properties of 3dN transition metal ion-doped lead borate glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 83, 400–407 (2016).
[Crossref]

Choi, J. S.

Choma, M. A.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chung, W. J.

H. L. Sang, S. R. Bae, G. C. Yong, and W. J. Chung, “Visible spectroscopic properties of SiO2–Na2O–Al2O3–LaF3 glass ceramics doped with Dy3+ and Ho3+ under blue LED excitation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 431, 126192 (2015).

Cui, S.

S. Cui, D. L. Zhao, J. Huang, H. Y. Fu, J. Y. Qian, Q. Luo, X. S. Qiao, X. P. Fan, and X. H. Zhang, “Preparation and luminescence properties of Ce3+/Dy3+-codoped fluorosilicate glass ceramics,” J. Rare Earths 30(4), 304–309 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dahshan, A.

Y. B. Saddeek, K. Aly, G. Abbady, N. Afify, K. S. Shaaban, and A. Dahshan, “Optical and structural evaluation of bismuth alumina-borate glasses doped with different amounts of (Y2O3),” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 454, 13–18 (2016).
[Crossref]

Damdee, B.

L. Shamshad, G. Rooh, K. Kirdsiri, N. Srisittipokakun, B. Damdee, H. J. Kim, and J. Kaewkhao, “Effect of alkaline earth oxides on the physical and spectroscopic properties of Dy3+-doped Li2O-B2O3 glasses for white emitting material application,” Opt. Mater. 64, 268–275 (2017).
[Crossref]

Das, K.

K. Das, A. Marathe, X. Zhang, Z. Zhao, and J. Chaudhuri, “Superior white light emission and color tunability of tri-doped YBO3:Tb3+, Eu3+ and Dy3+ for white light emitting diodes,” Rsc Adv. 6(97), 95055–95061 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dehnen, S.

N. W. Rosemann, J. P. Eußner, A. Beyer, S. W. Koch, K. Volz, S. Dehnen, and S. Chatterjee, “A highly efficient directional molecular white-light emitter driven by a continuous-wave laser diode,” Science 352(6291), 1301–1304 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, W.

Devi, C. B. A.

C. B. A. Devi, S. Mahamuda, M. Venkateswarlu, K. Swapna, A. S. Rao, and G. V. Prakash, “Dy3+ ions doped single and mixed alkali fluoro tungsten tellurite glasses for laser and white LED applications,” Opt. Mater. 62, 569–577 (2016).

Dillip, G. R.

G. R. Dillip, G. B. Kumar, V. R. Bandi, M. Hareesh, B. D. P. Raju, S. W. Joo, L. K. Bharat, and J. S. Yu, “Versatile host-sensitized white light emission in a single-component K3ZnB5O10:Dy3+ phosphor for ultraviolet converted light-emitting diodes,” J. Alloys Compd. 699, 1108–1117 (2017).
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Tang, Z.

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S. Liu, Y. Liang, M. Tong, D. Yu, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, and C. J. Yan, “Photoluminescence properties of novel white phosphor of Dy3+-doped LaBSiO5 glass,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 38, 266–270 (2015).
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Wei, R.

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A. Steude, E. C. Witts, G. B. Miles, and M. C. Gather, “Arrays of microscopic organic LEDs for high-resolution optogenetics,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1600061 (2016).
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D. D. Chen, Q. Qian, M. Y. Peng, S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Effect of Ce3+, Dy3+, and Tb3+ additions on the spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” Physica B 405(21), 4453–4456 (2010).
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N. Soga, K. Hirao, M. Yoshimoto, and H. Yamamoto, “Effects of densification on fluorescence spectra and glass structure of Eu3+-doped borate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 63(9), 4451–4454 (1988).
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G. R. Dillip, G. B. Kumar, V. R. Bandi, M. Hareesh, B. D. P. Raju, S. W. Joo, L. K. Bharat, and J. S. Yu, “Versatile host-sensitized white light emission in a single-component K3ZnB5O10:Dy3+ phosphor for ultraviolet converted light-emitting diodes,” J. Alloys Compd. 699, 1108–1117 (2017).
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R. Chen, Y. Tian, B. Li, C. Wang, X. Jing, J. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and quantitative analysis of thulium-doped niobium silicate-germanate glass,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 79, 191–197 (2016).
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Q. Wang, W. H. Zhang, S. Y. Ouyang, Y. P. Zhang, and H. P. Xia, “Luminescent properties of Ce3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing BaGdF5 nanocrystals,” J. Rare Earths 411(1), 13–19 (2015).
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K. Das, A. Marathe, X. Zhang, Z. Zhao, and J. Chaudhuri, “Superior white light emission and color tunability of tri-doped YBO3:Tb3+, Eu3+ and Dy3+ for white light emitting diodes,” Rsc Adv. 6(97), 95055–95061 (2016).
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Q. Wang, W. H. Zhang, S. Y. Ouyang, Y. P. Zhang, and H. P. Xia, “Luminescent properties of Ce3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing BaGdF5 nanocrystals,” J. Rare Earths 411(1), 13–19 (2015).
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S. Cui, D. L. Zhao, J. Huang, H. Y. Fu, J. Y. Qian, Q. Luo, X. S. Qiao, X. P. Fan, and X. H. Zhang, “Preparation and luminescence properties of Ce3+/Dy3+-codoped fluorosilicate glass ceramics,” J. Rare Earths 30(4), 304–309 (2012).
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Zhao, H.

Zhao, Z.

K. Das, A. Marathe, X. Zhang, Z. Zhao, and J. Chaudhuri, “Superior white light emission and color tunability of tri-doped YBO3:Tb3+, Eu3+ and Dy3+ for white light emitting diodes,” Rsc Adv. 6(97), 95055–95061 (2016).
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Zhong, J.

Zhu, H.

Zhu, Y.

S. Liu, Y. Liang, M. Tong, D. Yu, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, and C. J. Yan, “Photoluminescence properties of novel white phosphor of Dy3+-doped LaBSiO5 glass,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 38, 266–270 (2015).
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Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. S. Singh, R. S. Ningthoujam, M. N. Luwang, S. D. Singh, and R. K. Vatsa, “Luminescence, lifetime and quantum yield studies of YVO4: Ln3+, (Ln3+ = Dy3+, Eu3+) nanoparticles: Concentration and annealing effects,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 480(4-6), 237–242 (2009).
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Infrared Phys. Technol. (1)

R. Chen, Y. Tian, B. Li, C. Wang, X. Jing, J. Zhang, and S. Xu, “Infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and quantitative analysis of thulium-doped niobium silicate-germanate glass,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 79, 191–197 (2016).
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J. Alloys Compd. (3)

H. Y. Li, L. F. Shen, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Dy3+ -doped germanate glasses for waveguide-typed irradiation light sources,” J. Alloys Compd. 646, 586–591 (2015).
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D. Rajesh, K. Brahmachary, Y. C. Ratnakaram, N. Kiran, A. P. Baker, and G. G. Wang, “Energy transfer based emission analysis of Dy3+/Eu3+ co-doped ZANP glasses for white LED applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 646, 1096–1103 (2015).
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G. R. Dillip, G. B. Kumar, V. R. Bandi, M. Hareesh, B. D. P. Raju, S. W. Joo, L. K. Bharat, and J. S. Yu, “Versatile host-sensitized white light emission in a single-component K3ZnB5O10:Dy3+ phosphor for ultraviolet converted light-emitting diodes,” J. Alloys Compd. 699, 1108–1117 (2017).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

N. Soga, K. Hirao, M. Yoshimoto, and H. Yamamoto, “Effects of densification on fluorescence spectra and glass structure of Eu3+-doped borate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 63(9), 4451–4454 (1988).
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I. I. Kindrat, B. V. Padlyak, and A. Drzewiecki, “Luminescence properties of the Sm-doped borate glasses,” J. Lumin. 166, 264–275 (2015).
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S. Loosa, M. Mungraa, B. Ahrensa, R. L. Leonardc, A. Evansc, J. A. Johnsonc, F. Steudel, and S. Schweizera, “Concentration-dependent luminescence and energy transfer in Tb3+/Eu3+ doped borate and fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Lumin. 187, 298–303 (2017).
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P. P. Pawar, S. R. Munishwar, S. Gautam, and R. S. Gedam, “Physical, thermal, structural and optical properties of Dy3+ doped lithium alumino-borate glasses for bright W-LED,” J. Lumin. 183, 79–88 (2017).
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S. Kaur, P. Kaur, G. P. Singh, D. Arora, S. Kumar, and D. P. Singh, “White light emission of Ce3+ sensitized Sm3+ doped lead alumino borate glasses,” J. Lumin. 180, 190–197 (2016).
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J. Microsc. (1)

M. A. Neil, A. Squire, R. Juskaitis, P. I. Bastiaens, and T. Wilson, “Wide-field optically sectioning fluorescence microscopy with laser illumination,” J. Microsc. 197(1), 1–4 (2000).
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J. Mol. Struct. (1)

K. V. Rao, S. Babu, G. Venkataiah, and Y. C. Ratnakaram, “Optical spectroscopy of Dy3+ doped borate glasses for luminescence applications,” J. Mol. Struct. 1094, 274–280 (2015).
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J. Non-Cryst. Solids (4)

B. Padlyak, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, O. Smyrnov, A. Drzewiecki, Y. Burak, V. Adamiv, and I. Teslyuk, “Synthesis and spectroscopy of tetraborate glasses doped with copper,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(37-40), 2033–2037 (2010).
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F. Wang, B. Chen, Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Dy3+ doped sodium–magnesium–aluminum–phosphate glasses for greenish–yellow waveguide light sources,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 391, 17–22 (2014).
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H. L. Sang, S. R. Bae, G. C. Yong, and W. J. Chung, “Visible spectroscopic properties of SiO2–Na2O–Al2O3–LaF3 glass ceramics doped with Dy3+ and Ho3+ under blue LED excitation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 431, 126192 (2015).

J. Rare Earths (3)

W. H. A. Kamaruddin, M. S. Rohani, M. R. Sahar, H. Liu, and Y. Sang, “Synthesis and characterization of lithium niobium borate glasses containing neodymium,” J. Rare Earths 34(12), 1199–1205 (2016).
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Q. Wang, W. H. Zhang, S. Y. Ouyang, Y. P. Zhang, and H. P. Xia, “Luminescent properties of Ce3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing BaGdF5 nanocrystals,” J. Rare Earths 411(1), 13–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Cui, D. L. Zhao, J. Huang, H. Y. Fu, J. Y. Qian, Q. Luo, X. S. Qiao, X. P. Fan, and X. H. Zhang, “Preparation and luminescence properties of Ce3+/Dy3+-codoped fluorosilicate glass ceramics,” J. Rare Earths 30(4), 304–309 (2012).
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Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. Samdani, G. Ramadevudu, M. N. Chary, and M. Shareefuddin, “Physical and spectroscopic studies of Cr3+ doped mixed alkaline earth oxide borate glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 186, 382–389 (2017).
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Y. Kaganovskii, A. M. Korsunsky, and M. Rosenbluh, “Ripples in amorphous chalcogenide films under homogeneous laser illumination,” Mater. Lett. 183, 156–160 (2016).
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H. L. Wen, P. A. Tanner, and B. M. Cheng, “Optical properties of 3dN transition metal ion-doped lead borate glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 83, 400–407 (2016).
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Mater. Sci. Eng. C (1)

S. Chen, Q. Yang, R. K. Brow, K. Liu, K. A. Brow, Y. Ma, and H. Shi, “In vitro stimulation of vascular endothelial growth factor by borate-based glass fibers under dynamic flow conditions,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 73, 447–455 (2017).
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Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. (1)

S. Liu, Y. Liang, M. Tong, D. Yu, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, and C. J. Yan, “Photoluminescence properties of novel white phosphor of Dy3+-doped LaBSiO5 glass,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 38, 266–270 (2015).
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Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lasers Eng. (3)

C. G. Lyu, S. Gao, and J. C. Yang, “An optimisation design of adaptive illumination for a multi-reflective 3D scene,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 93, 128–138 (2017).
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R. Porras-Aguilar, K. Falaggis, and R. Ramos-Garcia, “Error correcting coding-theory for structured light illumination systems,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 93, 146–155 (2017).
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R. Porras-Aguilar, K. Falaggis, and R. Ramos-Garcia, “Optimum projection pattern generation for grey-level coded structured light illumination systems,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 91, 242–256 (2017).
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Opt. Mater. (8)

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L. Shamshad, G. Rooh, K. Kirdsiri, N. Srisittipokakun, B. Damdee, H. J. Kim, and J. Kaewkhao, “Effect of alkaline earth oxides on the physical and spectroscopic properties of Dy3+-doped Li2O-B2O3 glasses for white emitting material application,” Opt. Mater. 64, 268–275 (2017).
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A. N. Meza-Rocha, R. Lozada-Morales, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and U. Caldiño, “White light generation in Tb3+/Eu3+/Dy3+ triply-doped Zn(PO3)2 glass,” Opt. Mater. 51, 128–132 (2016).
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C. B. A. Devi, S. Mahamuda, M. Venkateswarlu, K. Swapna, A. S. Rao, and G. V. Prakash, “Dy3+ ions doped single and mixed alkali fluoro tungsten tellurite glasses for laser and white LED applications,” Opt. Mater. 62, 569–577 (2016).

A. Strzęp, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and M. Berkowski, “Spectral characteristics of visible luminescence in Gd2SiO5–Lu2SiO5(LGSO) solid solution crystals co-doped with Ce3+ and Dy3+,” Opt. Mater. 37, 862–865 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Dwivedi and S. B. Rai, “Spectroscopic study of Dy3+ and Dy3+/Yb3+ ions co-doped in barium fluoroborate glass,” Opt. Mater. 31(10), 1472–1477 (2009).
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Rsc Adv. (1)

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of glass phosphor for laser illumination.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Emission spectra of 0.2wt%, 0.5wt%, 1.0wt% 2.0wt% and 3.0wt% Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under 350nm UVA excitation. Inset: fluorescence photograph of 2.0wt% Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under 350nm UVA radiation. (b) Excitation spectra of 0.2wt%, 0.5wt%, 1.0wt% 2.0wt% and 3.0wt% Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses monitoring at 574 nm emission.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Absorption spectrum of 1.0wt% Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses. Insets: (a) Fluorescence decay curves of the 4F9/2 level for 0.1wt%, 0.2wt%, 0.5wt%, 1.0wt% and 2.0wt% Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses. (b) Simulated emission cross-section profiles for the emission bands of 1.0wt% Dy2O3 in visible wavelength region.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Net spectral power distribution in (a−c) 0.5wt% Dy2O3 and (d−f) 2.0wt% Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under the 453 nm laser excitation. Insets: fluorescence photographs of Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under the excitation of 453 nm laser in an integrating sphere. Net emission photon distribution in (g−i) 0.5wt% Dy2O3 and (j−l) 2.0wt% Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under the 453nm laser excitation. Insets: details of related net absorption photon distribution.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Fluorescence photographs of (a−c) 0.5wt% Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under the 453 nm laser excitation with power of 4.10, 7.31 and 14.13mW, respectively. Fluorescence photographs of (d−f) 2.0wt% Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under the 453 nm excitation with laser power of 4.10, 7.31 and 14.13mW, respectively.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Color coordinates in CIE 1931 chromaticity diagrams and (a−c) the presupposed relative spectral distributions for Dy3+ doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under 453nm laser excitation. Inset: fluorescence photographs of Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses with extended laser path under the laser excitation.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Emission spectrum of 0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under 310nm UVB excitation. Insets: fluorescence photograph of 0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under 310nm UVB excitation. (b) Excitation spectrum of 0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses monitoring at 360 nm emission. (c) Energy level diagram of Ce3+ and Dy3+ ion in alkaline-earth borate glasses. Possible energy transfer of excitation and emission mechanisms under UVB excitation are indicated.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Emission spectra of (a) 0.5wt% Dy2O3 (curve 1) and 0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3-0.5wt% Dy2O3 (curve 2) and (b) 2.0wt% Dy2O3 (curve 3) and 0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3-2.0wt% Dy2O3 (curve 4) doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under 310nm UVB radiation. Insets of (a) and (b): details of emission spectra in the spectral region of 440–600nm. Excitation spectra of (c) 0.5wt% Dy2O3 (curve 5) and 0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3-0.5wt% Dy2O3 (curve 6) and (d) 2.0wt% Dy2O3 (curve 7) and 0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3-2.0wt% Dy2O3 (curve 8) doped alkaline-earth borate glasses monitoring at 574 nm emission. Insets of (c) and (d): sensitization coefficient of 574 nm fluorescence for comparison of glasses containing Ce(NO3)3 and not containing.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Net spectral power distribution in (a) 0.2wt% Dy2O3 (curve 1) and 0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3-0.2wt% Dy2O3 (curve 2) and (b) 0.5wt% Dy2O3 (curve 3) and 0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3-0.5wt% Dy2O3 (curve 4) doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under 308nm UVB LED excitation. Net emission photon distribution in (c) 0.2wt% Dy2O3 (curve 5) and 0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3-0.2wt% Dy2O3 (curve 6) and (d) 0.5wt% Dy2O3 (curve 7) and 0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3-0.5wt% Dy2O3 (curve 8) doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under 308nm UVB LED excitation. Insets: the luminescence photographs of (Ι) 0.2wt% Dy2O3, (ΙΙ) 0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3-0.2wt% Dy2O3, (ΙΙΙ) 0.5wt% Dy2O3 and (ΙV) 0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3-0.5wt% Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under 308 nm UVB LED excitation in an integrating sphere. Sample size: 24.80 × 14.14 × 3.62 mm3 (0.2wt% Dy2O3); 25.26 × 15.06 × 3.40 mm3 (0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3-0.2wt% Dy2O3); 22.34 × 15.44 × 3.00 mm3 (0.5wt% Dy2O3); 27.32 × 17.66 × 3.16 mm3 (0.02wt% Ce(NO3)3-0.5wt% Dy2O3).

Tables (4)

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Table 1 Predicted spontaneous emission probabilities Arad, branching ratios β, and radiative lifetime τrad of Dy3+ in alkaline-earth borate glasses.

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Table 2 Experimental average lifetimes τexp (ms), multi-phonon relaxation rates WMPR (s−1), cross-relaxation rates WCR (s−1) and non-radiation relaxation rates WNR (s−1) of Dy3+ in alkaline-earth borate glasses.

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Table 3 Absorption and emission photon numbers and quantum yields in Dy2O3 doped alkaline-earth borate glasses under 453nm laser excitation.

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Table 4 CIE coordinates (x, y) and correlated color temperature (CCT) of the presupposed luminescence.

Equations (7)

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τ exp = 0 tI(t)dt 0 I(t)dt ,
σ em = A rad 8πc n 2 × λ 5 N(λ) λN(λ) dλ ,
N(ν)= λ 3 hc P(λ),
QY= N em / N abs ,
x= X X+Y+Z ,y= X X+Y+Z ,z= X X+Y+Z ,
X= 380 780 P(λ) x ¯ (λ)dλ,Y= 380 780 P(λ) y ¯ (λ)dλ,Z= 380 780 P(λ) z ¯ (λ)dλ,
CCT=437 n 3 +3601 n 2 6861n+5514.31,

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