Abstract

Nitride phosphors, showing very promising photoluminescence properties, are now attracting great attention as down-conversion luminescent materials in white light emitting diodes (wLEDs). Their interesting cathodoluminescence properties, such as high stability and reliability against electron bombardment, also enable them to be used in white flat field emission lamps (FELs). Dual-band white FELs were prepared by using blue AlN:Eu2+ and yellow Ca-α-sialon:Eu2+ in this work. These FELs show no luminance saturation and stable chromatic coordinates with increasing anode voltage and current. Driven at 7 kV and 100 μA, the white FEL with the AlN:Eu2+ to Ca-α-sialon:Eu2+ ratio of 0.65 to 0.35 has the luminance of 3,412 cd/m2, a color temperature of 3,430 K, and a color rendering index of 76. Higher color rendition of 93-95 can be obtained by using the phosphor blend of AlN:Eu2+, β-sialon:Eu2+ (green) and CaAlSiN3:Eu2+ (red). It indicates that nitride phosphors could be used as robust emissive materials in highly reliable white FELs.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. C. N. Zhang, T. Uchikoshi, L. H. Liu, B. Dierre, Y. Sakka, and N. Hirosaki, “Positional-dependent luminescence property of beta-sialon:Eu2+ phosphor particle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021914 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  27. D. Geng, G. Li, M. Shang, C. Peng, Y. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline CaYAlO4:Tb3+/Eu3+ as promising phosphors for full-color field emission displays,” Dalton Trans. 41(10), 3078–3086 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. J. M. Fitz-Gerald, T. A. Trottier, R. K. Singh, and P. H. Holloway, “Significant reduction of cathodoluminescence degradation in sulfide-based phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1838–1839 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  29. H. C. Swart, J. S. Sebastian, T. A. Trottier, S. L. Jones, and P. H. Holloway, “Degradation of zinc sulfide phosphors under electron bombardment,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14(3), 1697–1703 (1996).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

M. Broxtermann, D. den Engelsen, G. R. Fern, P. Harris, T. G. Ireland, T. Justel, and J. Silver, “Cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence of YPO4:Pr3+, Y2SiO5:Pr3+, YBO3:Pr3+, and YPO4:Bi3+,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 6(4), R47–R52 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

T. Arakawa, A. Namba, K. Matsuoka, and H. Takahashi, “Development of white FEL (Field Emission Lamp) to apply for environment-friendly vehicle,” J. Jpn. Soc. Precision Eng. 82(1), 87–92 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

M.-J. Youh, C.-L. Tseng, M.-H. Jhuang, S.-C. Chiu, L.-H. Huang, J.-A. Gong, and Y. Y. Li, “Flat panel light source with lateral gate structure based on SiC nanowire field emitters,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang, X. J. Wang, T. Takeda, N. Hirosaki, Y.-T. Tsai, R.-S. Liu, and R.-J. Xie, “Structure, luminescence, and application of a robust carbidonitride blue phosphor (Al1−xSixCxN1−x:Eu2+) for near UV-LED driven solid state lighting,” Chem. Mater. 27(24), 8457–8466 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

C. N. Zhang, T. Uchikoshi, L. H. Liu, B. Dierre, Y. Sakka, and N. Hirosaki, “Positional-dependent luminescence property of beta-sialon:Eu2+ phosphor particle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021914 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

B. Dierre, T. Takeda, T. Sekiguchi, T. Suehiro, K. Takahashi, Y. Yamamoto, R.-J. Xie, and N. Hirosaki, “Local analysis of Eu(2+) emission in CaAlSiN3.,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064201 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

Yu. F. Kargin, N. S. Akhmadullina, A. S. Lysenkov, A. A. Ashmarin, A. V. Ishchenko, L. V. Viktorov, O. S. Teslenko, B. V. Shul’gin, A. V. Spirina, V. I. Solomonov, and K. A. Solntsev, “Synthesis and cathodoluminescence characteristics of europium-doped Ca-sialons,” Inorg. Mater. 48(8), 827–831 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Geng, G. Li, M. Shang, C. Peng, Y. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline CaYAlO4:Tb3+/Eu3+ as promising phosphors for full-color field emission displays,” Dalton Trans. 41(10), 3078–3086 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Wang, C. X. Wu, Y. Ye, Z. X. Yang, and T. L. Guo, “The field emission properties of backlight unit based on two kinds of SnO2 nanostructures,” Curr. Nanosci. 8(1), 29–32 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, E. H. A. Langendijk, Y. Di, and F. C. Lin, “Application of field emission as backlight unit for liquid crystal displays,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 12(8), 6449–6452 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

M. M. Cao, R. J. Chacon, and C. E. Hunt, “A Field Emission Light Source. Using a Reticulated Vitreous Carbon (RVC) Cathode and Cathodoluminescent Phosphors,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(9), 467–472 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

H. X. Wang, N. Jiang, H. Harazono, H. Hiraki, Y. Harada, M. Haba, and M. Nakamoto, “Development of high-brightness flat field-emission lamp with a special electrode system for block dimming BLUs for LCDs,” JSID 17(4), 357–360 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. d. Engelsen, J. Silver, R. Withnall, T. Ireland, and P. Harris, “Does a field emission backlight make sense,” Proc. 16th Intl. Display Workshops. 16, 1849 (2009).

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

R.-J. Xie and N. Hirosaki, “Silicon-based oxynitride and nitride phosphors for white LEDs-A review,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 8(7-8), 588–600 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Duan, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, J. H. Zhang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Cathodoluminesent properties of SrGa2S4:Eu2+ phosphor for field-emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(2), 618–622 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

K. Uheda, N. Hirosaki, Y. Yamamoto, A. Naito, T. Nakajima, and H. Yamamoto, “Luminescence properties of a red phosphor, CaAlSiN3:Eu2+, for white light-emitting diodes,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9(4), H22–H25 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science 308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nakamoto, H. Kominami, and Y. Nakanishi, “White color flat field emission lamps for high quality general lighting,” IDW’05 Tech. Digest 12, 1997–1998 (2005).

2004 (1)

R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, K. Sakuma, Y. Yamamoto, and M. Mitomo, “Eu2+-doped Ca-α-SiAlON: A yellow phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(26), 5404–5406 (2004).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

J. M. Fitz-Gerald, T. A. Trottier, R. K. Singh, and P. H. Holloway, “Significant reduction of cathodoluminescence degradation in sulfide-based phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1838–1839 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

C. H. Seager, W. L. Warren, and D. R. Tallant, “Electron-beam-induced charging of phosphors for low voltage display applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(12), 7994–8001 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

H. C. Swart, J. S. Sebastian, T. A. Trottier, S. L. Jones, and P. H. Holloway, “Degradation of zinc sulfide phosphors under electron bombardment,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14(3), 1697–1703 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

P. H. Holloway, J. Sebastian, T. Trottier, H. Stewart, and R. O. Peterson, “Production and control of vacuum in field emission flat panel displays,” Solid State Technol. 38(8), 47–52 (1995)

1980 (2)

D. J. Robbins, “On predicting the maximum efficiency of phosphor systems excited by ionizing radiation,” J. Electrochem. Soc. Solid State Sci. Technol. 127(12), 2694–2702 (1980).

S. Imanaga, S. Yokono, and T. Hoshina, “Luminescence saturation effects in Y2O2S:Eu phosphor,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19(1), 4–49 (1980).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

D. R. Robbins, “Cathdoluminescence saturation phenomena in Y2O2S:Eu,” J. Electrochem. Soc.: Solid-State Sci,” Technol. 123(8), 1219–1226 (1976).

1972 (1)

K. Kanaya and S. Okayama, “Penetration and energy-loss theory of electrons in solid targets,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 5(1), 43–58 (1972).
[Crossref]

Akhmadullina, N. S.

Yu. F. Kargin, N. S. Akhmadullina, A. S. Lysenkov, A. A. Ashmarin, A. V. Ishchenko, L. V. Viktorov, O. S. Teslenko, B. V. Shul’gin, A. V. Spirina, V. I. Solomonov, and K. A. Solntsev, “Synthesis and cathodoluminescence characteristics of europium-doped Ca-sialons,” Inorg. Mater. 48(8), 827–831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Arakawa, T.

T. Arakawa, A. Namba, K. Matsuoka, and H. Takahashi, “Development of white FEL (Field Emission Lamp) to apply for environment-friendly vehicle,” J. Jpn. Soc. Precision Eng. 82(1), 87–92 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ashmarin, A. A.

Yu. F. Kargin, N. S. Akhmadullina, A. S. Lysenkov, A. A. Ashmarin, A. V. Ishchenko, L. V. Viktorov, O. S. Teslenko, B. V. Shul’gin, A. V. Spirina, V. I. Solomonov, and K. A. Solntsev, “Synthesis and cathodoluminescence characteristics of europium-doped Ca-sialons,” Inorg. Mater. 48(8), 827–831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Broxtermann, M.

M. Broxtermann, D. den Engelsen, G. R. Fern, P. Harris, T. G. Ireland, T. Justel, and J. Silver, “Cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence of YPO4:Pr3+, Y2SiO5:Pr3+, YBO3:Pr3+, and YPO4:Bi3+,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 6(4), R47–R52 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cao, M. M.

M. M. Cao, R. J. Chacon, and C. E. Hunt, “A Field Emission Light Source. Using a Reticulated Vitreous Carbon (RVC) Cathode and Cathodoluminescent Phosphors,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(9), 467–472 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chacon, R. J.

M. M. Cao, R. J. Chacon, and C. E. Hunt, “A Field Emission Light Source. Using a Reticulated Vitreous Carbon (RVC) Cathode and Cathodoluminescent Phosphors,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(9), 467–472 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

C. Y. Duan, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, J. H. Zhang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Cathodoluminesent properties of SrGa2S4:Eu2+ phosphor for field-emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(2), 618–622 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Z.

D. Geng, G. Li, M. Shang, C. Peng, Y. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline CaYAlO4:Tb3+/Eu3+ as promising phosphors for full-color field emission displays,” Dalton Trans. 41(10), 3078–3086 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiu, S.-C.

M.-J. Youh, C.-L. Tseng, M.-H. Jhuang, S.-C. Chiu, L.-H. Huang, J.-A. Gong, and Y. Y. Li, “Flat panel light source with lateral gate structure based on SiC nanowire field emitters,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

den Engelsen, D.

M. Broxtermann, D. den Engelsen, G. R. Fern, P. Harris, T. G. Ireland, T. Justel, and J. Silver, “Cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence of YPO4:Pr3+, Y2SiO5:Pr3+, YBO3:Pr3+, and YPO4:Bi3+,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 6(4), R47–R52 (2017).
[Crossref]

DenBaars, S. P.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Deng, S. Z.

C. Y. Duan, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, J. H. Zhang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Cathodoluminesent properties of SrGa2S4:Eu2+ phosphor for field-emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(2), 618–622 (2007).
[Crossref]

Di, Y.

Y. Zhang, E. H. A. Langendijk, Y. Di, and F. C. Lin, “Application of field emission as backlight unit for liquid crystal displays,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 12(8), 6449–6452 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dierre, B.

C. N. Zhang, T. Uchikoshi, L. H. Liu, B. Dierre, Y. Sakka, and N. Hirosaki, “Positional-dependent luminescence property of beta-sialon:Eu2+ phosphor particle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021914 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Dierre, T. Takeda, T. Sekiguchi, T. Suehiro, K. Takahashi, Y. Yamamoto, R.-J. Xie, and N. Hirosaki, “Local analysis of Eu(2+) emission in CaAlSiN3.,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064201 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Duan, C. Y.

C. Y. Duan, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, J. H. Zhang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Cathodoluminesent properties of SrGa2S4:Eu2+ phosphor for field-emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(2), 618–622 (2007).
[Crossref]

Engelsen, D. d.

D. d. Engelsen, J. Silver, R. Withnall, T. Ireland, and P. Harris, “Does a field emission backlight make sense,” Proc. 16th Intl. Display Workshops. 16, 1849 (2009).

Fern, G. R.

M. Broxtermann, D. den Engelsen, G. R. Fern, P. Harris, T. G. Ireland, T. Justel, and J. Silver, “Cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence of YPO4:Pr3+, Y2SiO5:Pr3+, YBO3:Pr3+, and YPO4:Bi3+,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 6(4), R47–R52 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fitz-Gerald, J. M.

J. M. Fitz-Gerald, T. A. Trottier, R. K. Singh, and P. H. Holloway, “Significant reduction of cathodoluminescence degradation in sulfide-based phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1838–1839 (1998).
[Crossref]

Geng, D.

D. Geng, G. Li, M. Shang, C. Peng, Y. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline CaYAlO4:Tb3+/Eu3+ as promising phosphors for full-color field emission displays,” Dalton Trans. 41(10), 3078–3086 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Givargizov, E. I.

Gong, J.-A.

M.-J. Youh, C.-L. Tseng, M.-H. Jhuang, S.-C. Chiu, L.-H. Huang, J.-A. Gong, and Y. Y. Li, “Flat panel light source with lateral gate structure based on SiC nanowire field emitters,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, T. L.

L. J. Wang, C. X. Wu, Y. Ye, Z. X. Yang, and T. L. Guo, “The field emission properties of backlight unit based on two kinds of SnO2 nanostructures,” Curr. Nanosci. 8(1), 29–32 (2012).
[Crossref]

Haba, M.

H. X. Wang, N. Jiang, H. Harazono, H. Hiraki, Y. Harada, M. Haba, and M. Nakamoto, “Development of high-brightness flat field-emission lamp with a special electrode system for block dimming BLUs for LCDs,” JSID 17(4), 357–360 (2009).
[Crossref]

Harada, Y.

H. X. Wang, N. Jiang, H. Harazono, H. Hiraki, Y. Harada, M. Haba, and M. Nakamoto, “Development of high-brightness flat field-emission lamp with a special electrode system for block dimming BLUs for LCDs,” JSID 17(4), 357–360 (2009).
[Crossref]

Harazono, H.

H. X. Wang, N. Jiang, H. Harazono, H. Hiraki, Y. Harada, M. Haba, and M. Nakamoto, “Development of high-brightness flat field-emission lamp with a special electrode system for block dimming BLUs for LCDs,” JSID 17(4), 357–360 (2009).
[Crossref]

Harris, P.

M. Broxtermann, D. den Engelsen, G. R. Fern, P. Harris, T. G. Ireland, T. Justel, and J. Silver, “Cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence of YPO4:Pr3+, Y2SiO5:Pr3+, YBO3:Pr3+, and YPO4:Bi3+,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 6(4), R47–R52 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. d. Engelsen, J. Silver, R. Withnall, T. Ireland, and P. Harris, “Does a field emission backlight make sense,” Proc. 16th Intl. Display Workshops. 16, 1849 (2009).

Hiraki, H.

H. X. Wang, N. Jiang, H. Harazono, H. Hiraki, Y. Harada, M. Haba, and M. Nakamoto, “Development of high-brightness flat field-emission lamp with a special electrode system for block dimming BLUs for LCDs,” JSID 17(4), 357–360 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hirosaki, N.

L. Wang, X. J. Wang, T. Takeda, N. Hirosaki, Y.-T. Tsai, R.-S. Liu, and R.-J. Xie, “Structure, luminescence, and application of a robust carbidonitride blue phosphor (Al1−xSixCxN1−x:Eu2+) for near UV-LED driven solid state lighting,” Chem. Mater. 27(24), 8457–8466 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. N. Zhang, T. Uchikoshi, L. H. Liu, B. Dierre, Y. Sakka, and N. Hirosaki, “Positional-dependent luminescence property of beta-sialon:Eu2+ phosphor particle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021914 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Dierre, T. Takeda, T. Sekiguchi, T. Suehiro, K. Takahashi, Y. Yamamoto, R.-J. Xie, and N. Hirosaki, “Local analysis of Eu(2+) emission in CaAlSiN3.,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064201 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[Crossref]

R.-J. Xie and N. Hirosaki, “Silicon-based oxynitride and nitride phosphors for white LEDs-A review,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 8(7-8), 588–600 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Uheda, N. Hirosaki, Y. Yamamoto, A. Naito, T. Nakajima, and H. Yamamoto, “Luminescence properties of a red phosphor, CaAlSiN3:Eu2+, for white light-emitting diodes,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9(4), H22–H25 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, K. Sakuma, Y. Yamamoto, and M. Mitomo, “Eu2+-doped Ca-α-SiAlON: A yellow phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(26), 5404–5406 (2004).
[Crossref]

Holloway, P. H.

J. M. Fitz-Gerald, T. A. Trottier, R. K. Singh, and P. H. Holloway, “Significant reduction of cathodoluminescence degradation in sulfide-based phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1838–1839 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. C. Swart, J. S. Sebastian, T. A. Trottier, S. L. Jones, and P. H. Holloway, “Degradation of zinc sulfide phosphors under electron bombardment,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14(3), 1697–1703 (1996).
[Crossref]

P. H. Holloway, J. Sebastian, T. Trottier, H. Stewart, and R. O. Peterson, “Production and control of vacuum in field emission flat panel displays,” Solid State Technol. 38(8), 47–52 (1995)

Hoshina, T.

S. Imanaga, S. Yokono, and T. Hoshina, “Luminescence saturation effects in Y2O2S:Eu phosphor,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19(1), 4–49 (1980).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.-H.

M.-J. Youh, C.-L. Tseng, M.-H. Jhuang, S.-C. Chiu, L.-H. Huang, J.-A. Gong, and Y. Y. Li, “Flat panel light source with lateral gate structure based on SiC nanowire field emitters,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hunt, C. E.

M. M. Cao, R. J. Chacon, and C. E. Hunt, “A Field Emission Light Source. Using a Reticulated Vitreous Carbon (RVC) Cathode and Cathodoluminescent Phosphors,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(9), 467–472 (2011).
[Crossref]

Imanaga, S.

S. Imanaga, S. Yokono, and T. Hoshina, “Luminescence saturation effects in Y2O2S:Eu phosphor,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19(1), 4–49 (1980).
[Crossref]

Inoue, K.

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ireland, T.

D. d. Engelsen, J. Silver, R. Withnall, T. Ireland, and P. Harris, “Does a field emission backlight make sense,” Proc. 16th Intl. Display Workshops. 16, 1849 (2009).

Ireland, T. G.

M. Broxtermann, D. den Engelsen, G. R. Fern, P. Harris, T. G. Ireland, T. Justel, and J. Silver, “Cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence of YPO4:Pr3+, Y2SiO5:Pr3+, YBO3:Pr3+, and YPO4:Bi3+,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 6(4), R47–R52 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ishchenko, A. V.

Yu. F. Kargin, N. S. Akhmadullina, A. S. Lysenkov, A. A. Ashmarin, A. V. Ishchenko, L. V. Viktorov, O. S. Teslenko, B. V. Shul’gin, A. V. Spirina, V. I. Solomonov, and K. A. Solntsev, “Synthesis and cathodoluminescence characteristics of europium-doped Ca-sialons,” Inorg. Mater. 48(8), 827–831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jhuang, M.-H.

M.-J. Youh, C.-L. Tseng, M.-H. Jhuang, S.-C. Chiu, L.-H. Huang, J.-A. Gong, and Y. Y. Li, “Flat panel light source with lateral gate structure based on SiC nanowire field emitters,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, N.

H. X. Wang, N. Jiang, H. Harazono, H. Hiraki, Y. Harada, M. Haba, and M. Nakamoto, “Development of high-brightness flat field-emission lamp with a special electrode system for block dimming BLUs for LCDs,” JSID 17(4), 357–360 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jones, S. L.

H. C. Swart, J. S. Sebastian, T. A. Trottier, S. L. Jones, and P. H. Holloway, “Degradation of zinc sulfide phosphors under electron bombardment,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14(3), 1697–1703 (1996).
[Crossref]

Justel, T.

M. Broxtermann, D. den Engelsen, G. R. Fern, P. Harris, T. G. Ireland, T. Justel, and J. Silver, “Cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence of YPO4:Pr3+, Y2SiO5:Pr3+, YBO3:Pr3+, and YPO4:Bi3+,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 6(4), R47–R52 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kanaya, K.

K. Kanaya and S. Okayama, “Penetration and energy-loss theory of electrons in solid targets,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 5(1), 43–58 (1972).
[Crossref]

Kargin, Yu. F.

Yu. F. Kargin, N. S. Akhmadullina, A. S. Lysenkov, A. A. Ashmarin, A. V. Ishchenko, L. V. Viktorov, O. S. Teslenko, B. V. Shul’gin, A. V. Spirina, V. I. Solomonov, and K. A. Solntsev, “Synthesis and cathodoluminescence characteristics of europium-doped Ca-sialons,” Inorg. Mater. 48(8), 827–831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. K.

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science 308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimoto, K.

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kominami, H.

M. Nakamoto, H. Kominami, and Y. Nakanishi, “White color flat field emission lamps for high quality general lighting,” IDW’05 Tech. Digest 12, 1997–1998 (2005).

Langendijk, E. H. A.

Y. Zhang, E. H. A. Langendijk, Y. Di, and F. C. Lin, “Application of field emission as backlight unit for liquid crystal displays,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 12(8), 6449–6452 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, G.

D. Geng, G. Li, M. Shang, C. Peng, Y. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline CaYAlO4:Tb3+/Eu3+ as promising phosphors for full-color field emission displays,” Dalton Trans. 41(10), 3078–3086 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y. Y.

M.-J. Youh, C.-L. Tseng, M.-H. Jhuang, S.-C. Chiu, L.-H. Huang, J.-A. Gong, and Y. Y. Li, “Flat panel light source with lateral gate structure based on SiC nanowire field emitters,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, H. B.

C. Y. Duan, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, J. H. Zhang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Cathodoluminesent properties of SrGa2S4:Eu2+ phosphor for field-emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(2), 618–622 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lin, F. C.

Y. Zhang, E. H. A. Langendijk, Y. Di, and F. C. Lin, “Application of field emission as backlight unit for liquid crystal displays,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 12(8), 6449–6452 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

D. Geng, G. Li, M. Shang, C. Peng, Y. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline CaYAlO4:Tb3+/Eu3+ as promising phosphors for full-color field emission displays,” Dalton Trans. 41(10), 3078–3086 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, L. H.

C. N. Zhang, T. Uchikoshi, L. H. Liu, B. Dierre, Y. Sakka, and N. Hirosaki, “Positional-dependent luminescence property of beta-sialon:Eu2+ phosphor particle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021914 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, R.-S.

L. Wang, X. J. Wang, T. Takeda, N. Hirosaki, Y.-T. Tsai, R.-S. Liu, and R.-J. Xie, “Structure, luminescence, and application of a robust carbidonitride blue phosphor (Al1−xSixCxN1−x:Eu2+) for near UV-LED driven solid state lighting,” Chem. Mater. 27(24), 8457–8466 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lysenkov, A. S.

Yu. F. Kargin, N. S. Akhmadullina, A. S. Lysenkov, A. A. Ashmarin, A. V. Ishchenko, L. V. Viktorov, O. S. Teslenko, B. V. Shul’gin, A. V. Spirina, V. I. Solomonov, and K. A. Solntsev, “Synthesis and cathodoluminescence characteristics of europium-doped Ca-sialons,” Inorg. Mater. 48(8), 827–831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Matsuoka, K.

T. Arakawa, A. Namba, K. Matsuoka, and H. Takahashi, “Development of white FEL (Field Emission Lamp) to apply for environment-friendly vehicle,” J. Jpn. Soc. Precision Eng. 82(1), 87–92 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mitomo, M.

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, K. Sakuma, Y. Yamamoto, and M. Mitomo, “Eu2+-doped Ca-α-SiAlON: A yellow phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(26), 5404–5406 (2004).
[Crossref]

Naito, A.

K. Uheda, N. Hirosaki, Y. Yamamoto, A. Naito, T. Nakajima, and H. Yamamoto, “Luminescence properties of a red phosphor, CaAlSiN3:Eu2+, for white light-emitting diodes,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9(4), H22–H25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nakajima, T.

K. Uheda, N. Hirosaki, Y. Yamamoto, A. Naito, T. Nakajima, and H. Yamamoto, “Luminescence properties of a red phosphor, CaAlSiN3:Eu2+, for white light-emitting diodes,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9(4), H22–H25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nakamoto, M.

H. X. Wang, N. Jiang, H. Harazono, H. Hiraki, Y. Harada, M. Haba, and M. Nakamoto, “Development of high-brightness flat field-emission lamp with a special electrode system for block dimming BLUs for LCDs,” JSID 17(4), 357–360 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Nakamoto, H. Kominami, and Y. Nakanishi, “White color flat field emission lamps for high quality general lighting,” IDW’05 Tech. Digest 12, 1997–1998 (2005).

Nakamura, S.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nakanishi, Y.

M. Nakamoto, H. Kominami, and Y. Nakanishi, “White color flat field emission lamps for high quality general lighting,” IDW’05 Tech. Digest 12, 1997–1998 (2005).

Namba, A.

T. Arakawa, A. Namba, K. Matsuoka, and H. Takahashi, “Development of white FEL (Field Emission Lamp) to apply for environment-friendly vehicle,” J. Jpn. Soc. Precision Eng. 82(1), 87–92 (2016).
[Crossref]

Okayama, S.

K. Kanaya and S. Okayama, “Penetration and energy-loss theory of electrons in solid targets,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 5(1), 43–58 (1972).
[Crossref]

Peng, C.

D. Geng, G. Li, M. Shang, C. Peng, Y. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline CaYAlO4:Tb3+/Eu3+ as promising phosphors for full-color field emission displays,” Dalton Trans. 41(10), 3078–3086 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peterson, R. O.

P. H. Holloway, J. Sebastian, T. Trottier, H. Stewart, and R. O. Peterson, “Production and control of vacuum in field emission flat panel displays,” Solid State Technol. 38(8), 47–52 (1995)

Pimputkar, S.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Robbins, D. J.

D. J. Robbins, “On predicting the maximum efficiency of phosphor systems excited by ionizing radiation,” J. Electrochem. Soc. Solid State Sci. Technol. 127(12), 2694–2702 (1980).

Robbins, D. R.

D. R. Robbins, “Cathdoluminescence saturation phenomena in Y2O2S:Eu,” J. Electrochem. Soc.: Solid-State Sci,” Technol. 123(8), 1219–1226 (1976).

Sakka, Y.

C. N. Zhang, T. Uchikoshi, L. H. Liu, B. Dierre, Y. Sakka, and N. Hirosaki, “Positional-dependent luminescence property of beta-sialon:Eu2+ phosphor particle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021914 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sakuma, K.

R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, K. Sakuma, Y. Yamamoto, and M. Mitomo, “Eu2+-doped Ca-α-SiAlON: A yellow phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(26), 5404–5406 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schubert, E. F.

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science 308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seager, C. H.

C. H. Seager, W. L. Warren, and D. R. Tallant, “Electron-beam-induced charging of phosphors for low voltage display applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(12), 7994–8001 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sebastian, J.

P. H. Holloway, J. Sebastian, T. Trottier, H. Stewart, and R. O. Peterson, “Production and control of vacuum in field emission flat panel displays,” Solid State Technol. 38(8), 47–52 (1995)

Sebastian, J. S.

H. C. Swart, J. S. Sebastian, T. A. Trottier, S. L. Jones, and P. H. Holloway, “Degradation of zinc sulfide phosphors under electron bombardment,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14(3), 1697–1703 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sekiguchi, T.

B. Dierre, T. Takeda, T. Sekiguchi, T. Suehiro, K. Takahashi, Y. Yamamoto, R.-J. Xie, and N. Hirosaki, “Local analysis of Eu(2+) emission in CaAlSiN3.,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064201 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shang, M.

D. Geng, G. Li, M. Shang, C. Peng, Y. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline CaYAlO4:Tb3+/Eu3+ as promising phosphors for full-color field emission displays,” Dalton Trans. 41(10), 3078–3086 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shul’gin, B. V.

Yu. F. Kargin, N. S. Akhmadullina, A. S. Lysenkov, A. A. Ashmarin, A. V. Ishchenko, L. V. Viktorov, O. S. Teslenko, B. V. Shul’gin, A. V. Spirina, V. I. Solomonov, and K. A. Solntsev, “Synthesis and cathodoluminescence characteristics of europium-doped Ca-sialons,” Inorg. Mater. 48(8), 827–831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Silver, J.

M. Broxtermann, D. den Engelsen, G. R. Fern, P. Harris, T. G. Ireland, T. Justel, and J. Silver, “Cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence of YPO4:Pr3+, Y2SiO5:Pr3+, YBO3:Pr3+, and YPO4:Bi3+,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 6(4), R47–R52 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. d. Engelsen, J. Silver, R. Withnall, T. Ireland, and P. Harris, “Does a field emission backlight make sense,” Proc. 16th Intl. Display Workshops. 16, 1849 (2009).

Singh, R. K.

J. M. Fitz-Gerald, T. A. Trottier, R. K. Singh, and P. H. Holloway, “Significant reduction of cathodoluminescence degradation in sulfide-based phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1838–1839 (1998).
[Crossref]

Solntsev, K. A.

Yu. F. Kargin, N. S. Akhmadullina, A. S. Lysenkov, A. A. Ashmarin, A. V. Ishchenko, L. V. Viktorov, O. S. Teslenko, B. V. Shul’gin, A. V. Spirina, V. I. Solomonov, and K. A. Solntsev, “Synthesis and cathodoluminescence characteristics of europium-doped Ca-sialons,” Inorg. Mater. 48(8), 827–831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Solomonov, V. I.

Yu. F. Kargin, N. S. Akhmadullina, A. S. Lysenkov, A. A. Ashmarin, A. V. Ishchenko, L. V. Viktorov, O. S. Teslenko, B. V. Shul’gin, A. V. Spirina, V. I. Solomonov, and K. A. Solntsev, “Synthesis and cathodoluminescence characteristics of europium-doped Ca-sialons,” Inorg. Mater. 48(8), 827–831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Speck, J. S.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Spirina, A. V.

Yu. F. Kargin, N. S. Akhmadullina, A. S. Lysenkov, A. A. Ashmarin, A. V. Ishchenko, L. V. Viktorov, O. S. Teslenko, B. V. Shul’gin, A. V. Spirina, V. I. Solomonov, and K. A. Solntsev, “Synthesis and cathodoluminescence characteristics of europium-doped Ca-sialons,” Inorg. Mater. 48(8), 827–831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stewart, H.

P. H. Holloway, J. Sebastian, T. Trottier, H. Stewart, and R. O. Peterson, “Production and control of vacuum in field emission flat panel displays,” Solid State Technol. 38(8), 47–52 (1995)

Su, Q.

C. Y. Duan, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, J. H. Zhang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Cathodoluminesent properties of SrGa2S4:Eu2+ phosphor for field-emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(2), 618–622 (2007).
[Crossref]

Suehiro, T.

B. Dierre, T. Takeda, T. Sekiguchi, T. Suehiro, K. Takahashi, Y. Yamamoto, R.-J. Xie, and N. Hirosaki, “Local analysis of Eu(2+) emission in CaAlSiN3.,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064201 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Swart, H. C.

H. C. Swart, J. S. Sebastian, T. A. Trottier, S. L. Jones, and P. H. Holloway, “Degradation of zinc sulfide phosphors under electron bombardment,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14(3), 1697–1703 (1996).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, H.

T. Arakawa, A. Namba, K. Matsuoka, and H. Takahashi, “Development of white FEL (Field Emission Lamp) to apply for environment-friendly vehicle,” J. Jpn. Soc. Precision Eng. 82(1), 87–92 (2016).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, K.

B. Dierre, T. Takeda, T. Sekiguchi, T. Suehiro, K. Takahashi, Y. Yamamoto, R.-J. Xie, and N. Hirosaki, “Local analysis of Eu(2+) emission in CaAlSiN3.,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064201 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takeda, T.

L. Wang, X. J. Wang, T. Takeda, N. Hirosaki, Y.-T. Tsai, R.-S. Liu, and R.-J. Xie, “Structure, luminescence, and application of a robust carbidonitride blue phosphor (Al1−xSixCxN1−x:Eu2+) for near UV-LED driven solid state lighting,” Chem. Mater. 27(24), 8457–8466 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Dierre, T. Takeda, T. Sekiguchi, T. Suehiro, K. Takahashi, Y. Yamamoto, R.-J. Xie, and N. Hirosaki, “Local analysis of Eu(2+) emission in CaAlSiN3.,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064201 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tallant, D. R.

C. H. Seager, W. L. Warren, and D. R. Tallant, “Electron-beam-induced charging of phosphors for low voltage display applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(12), 7994–8001 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Teslenko, O. S.

Yu. F. Kargin, N. S. Akhmadullina, A. S. Lysenkov, A. A. Ashmarin, A. V. Ishchenko, L. V. Viktorov, O. S. Teslenko, B. V. Shul’gin, A. V. Spirina, V. I. Solomonov, and K. A. Solntsev, “Synthesis and cathodoluminescence characteristics of europium-doped Ca-sialons,” Inorg. Mater. 48(8), 827–831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Trottier, T.

P. H. Holloway, J. Sebastian, T. Trottier, H. Stewart, and R. O. Peterson, “Production and control of vacuum in field emission flat panel displays,” Solid State Technol. 38(8), 47–52 (1995)

Trottier, T. A.

J. M. Fitz-Gerald, T. A. Trottier, R. K. Singh, and P. H. Holloway, “Significant reduction of cathodoluminescence degradation in sulfide-based phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1838–1839 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. C. Swart, J. S. Sebastian, T. A. Trottier, S. L. Jones, and P. H. Holloway, “Degradation of zinc sulfide phosphors under electron bombardment,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14(3), 1697–1703 (1996).
[Crossref]

Tsai, Y.-T.

L. Wang, X. J. Wang, T. Takeda, N. Hirosaki, Y.-T. Tsai, R.-S. Liu, and R.-J. Xie, “Structure, luminescence, and application of a robust carbidonitride blue phosphor (Al1−xSixCxN1−x:Eu2+) for near UV-LED driven solid state lighting,” Chem. Mater. 27(24), 8457–8466 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tseng, C.-L.

M.-J. Youh, C.-L. Tseng, M.-H. Jhuang, S.-C. Chiu, L.-H. Huang, J.-A. Gong, and Y. Y. Li, “Flat panel light source with lateral gate structure based on SiC nanowire field emitters,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uchikoshi, T.

C. N. Zhang, T. Uchikoshi, L. H. Liu, B. Dierre, Y. Sakka, and N. Hirosaki, “Positional-dependent luminescence property of beta-sialon:Eu2+ phosphor particle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021914 (2014).
[Crossref]

Uheda, K.

K. Uheda, N. Hirosaki, Y. Yamamoto, A. Naito, T. Nakajima, and H. Yamamoto, “Luminescence properties of a red phosphor, CaAlSiN3:Eu2+, for white light-emitting diodes,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9(4), H22–H25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Viktorov, L. V.

Yu. F. Kargin, N. S. Akhmadullina, A. S. Lysenkov, A. A. Ashmarin, A. V. Ishchenko, L. V. Viktorov, O. S. Teslenko, B. V. Shul’gin, A. V. Spirina, V. I. Solomonov, and K. A. Solntsev, “Synthesis and cathodoluminescence characteristics of europium-doped Ca-sialons,” Inorg. Mater. 48(8), 827–831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, H. X.

H. X. Wang, N. Jiang, H. Harazono, H. Hiraki, Y. Harada, M. Haba, and M. Nakamoto, “Development of high-brightness flat field-emission lamp with a special electrode system for block dimming BLUs for LCDs,” JSID 17(4), 357–360 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

L. Wang, X. J. Wang, T. Takeda, N. Hirosaki, Y.-T. Tsai, R.-S. Liu, and R.-J. Xie, “Structure, luminescence, and application of a robust carbidonitride blue phosphor (Al1−xSixCxN1−x:Eu2+) for near UV-LED driven solid state lighting,” Chem. Mater. 27(24), 8457–8466 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. J.

L. J. Wang, C. X. Wu, Y. Ye, Z. X. Yang, and T. L. Guo, “The field emission properties of backlight unit based on two kinds of SnO2 nanostructures,” Curr. Nanosci. 8(1), 29–32 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, X. J.

L. Wang, X. J. Wang, T. Takeda, N. Hirosaki, Y.-T. Tsai, R.-S. Liu, and R.-J. Xie, “Structure, luminescence, and application of a robust carbidonitride blue phosphor (Al1−xSixCxN1−x:Eu2+) for near UV-LED driven solid state lighting,” Chem. Mater. 27(24), 8457–8466 (2015).
[Crossref]

Warren, W. L.

C. H. Seager, W. L. Warren, and D. R. Tallant, “Electron-beam-induced charging of phosphors for low voltage display applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(12), 7994–8001 (1997).
[Crossref]

Withnall, R.

D. d. Engelsen, J. Silver, R. Withnall, T. Ireland, and P. Harris, “Does a field emission backlight make sense,” Proc. 16th Intl. Display Workshops. 16, 1849 (2009).

Wu, C. X.

L. J. Wang, C. X. Wu, Y. Ye, Z. X. Yang, and T. L. Guo, “The field emission properties of backlight unit based on two kinds of SnO2 nanostructures,” Curr. Nanosci. 8(1), 29–32 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xie, R.-J.

L. Wang, X. J. Wang, T. Takeda, N. Hirosaki, Y.-T. Tsai, R.-S. Liu, and R.-J. Xie, “Structure, luminescence, and application of a robust carbidonitride blue phosphor (Al1−xSixCxN1−x:Eu2+) for near UV-LED driven solid state lighting,” Chem. Mater. 27(24), 8457–8466 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Dierre, T. Takeda, T. Sekiguchi, T. Suehiro, K. Takahashi, Y. Yamamoto, R.-J. Xie, and N. Hirosaki, “Local analysis of Eu(2+) emission in CaAlSiN3.,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064201 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[Crossref]

R.-J. Xie and N. Hirosaki, “Silicon-based oxynitride and nitride phosphors for white LEDs-A review,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 8(7-8), 588–600 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, K. Sakuma, Y. Yamamoto, and M. Mitomo, “Eu2+-doped Ca-α-SiAlON: A yellow phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(26), 5404–5406 (2004).
[Crossref]

Xu, N. S.

C. Y. Duan, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, J. H. Zhang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Cathodoluminesent properties of SrGa2S4:Eu2+ phosphor for field-emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(2), 618–622 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, H.

K. Uheda, N. Hirosaki, Y. Yamamoto, A. Naito, T. Nakajima, and H. Yamamoto, “Luminescence properties of a red phosphor, CaAlSiN3:Eu2+, for white light-emitting diodes,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9(4), H22–H25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, Y.

B. Dierre, T. Takeda, T. Sekiguchi, T. Suehiro, K. Takahashi, Y. Yamamoto, R.-J. Xie, and N. Hirosaki, “Local analysis of Eu(2+) emission in CaAlSiN3.,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064201 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Uheda, N. Hirosaki, Y. Yamamoto, A. Naito, T. Nakajima, and H. Yamamoto, “Luminescence properties of a red phosphor, CaAlSiN3:Eu2+, for white light-emitting diodes,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9(4), H22–H25 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, K. Sakuma, Y. Yamamoto, and M. Mitomo, “Eu2+-doped Ca-α-SiAlON: A yellow phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(26), 5404–5406 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. X.

L. J. Wang, C. X. Wu, Y. Ye, Z. X. Yang, and T. L. Guo, “The field emission properties of backlight unit based on two kinds of SnO2 nanostructures,” Curr. Nanosci. 8(1), 29–32 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ye, Y.

L. J. Wang, C. X. Wu, Y. Ye, Z. X. Yang, and T. L. Guo, “The field emission properties of backlight unit based on two kinds of SnO2 nanostructures,” Curr. Nanosci. 8(1), 29–32 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yokono, S.

S. Imanaga, S. Yokono, and T. Hoshina, “Luminescence saturation effects in Y2O2S:Eu phosphor,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19(1), 4–49 (1980).
[Crossref]

Youh, M.-J.

M.-J. Youh, C.-L. Tseng, M.-H. Jhuang, S.-C. Chiu, L.-H. Huang, J.-A. Gong, and Y. Y. Li, “Flat panel light source with lateral gate structure based on SiC nanowire field emitters,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, C. N.

C. N. Zhang, T. Uchikoshi, L. H. Liu, B. Dierre, Y. Sakka, and N. Hirosaki, “Positional-dependent luminescence property of beta-sialon:Eu2+ phosphor particle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021914 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. H.

C. Y. Duan, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, J. H. Zhang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Cathodoluminesent properties of SrGa2S4:Eu2+ phosphor for field-emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(2), 618–622 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, E. H. A. Langendijk, Y. Di, and F. C. Lin, “Application of field emission as backlight unit for liquid crystal displays,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 12(8), 6449–6452 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Geng, G. Li, M. Shang, C. Peng, Y. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline CaYAlO4:Tb3+/Eu3+ as promising phosphors for full-color field emission displays,” Dalton Trans. 41(10), 3078–3086 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, K. Sakuma, Y. Yamamoto, and M. Mitomo, “Eu2+-doped Ca-α-SiAlON: A yellow phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(26), 5404–5406 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. Hirosaki, R.-J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. N. Zhang, T. Uchikoshi, L. H. Liu, B. Dierre, Y. Sakka, and N. Hirosaki, “Positional-dependent luminescence property of beta-sialon:Eu2+ phosphor particle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021914 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. M. Fitz-Gerald, T. A. Trottier, R. K. Singh, and P. H. Holloway, “Significant reduction of cathodoluminescence degradation in sulfide-based phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1838–1839 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

L. Wang, X. J. Wang, T. Takeda, N. Hirosaki, Y.-T. Tsai, R.-S. Liu, and R.-J. Xie, “Structure, luminescence, and application of a robust carbidonitride blue phosphor (Al1−xSixCxN1−x:Eu2+) for near UV-LED driven solid state lighting,” Chem. Mater. 27(24), 8457–8466 (2015).
[Crossref]

Curr. Nanosci. (1)

L. J. Wang, C. X. Wu, Y. Ye, Z. X. Yang, and T. L. Guo, “The field emission properties of backlight unit based on two kinds of SnO2 nanostructures,” Curr. Nanosci. 8(1), 29–32 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dalton Trans. (1)

D. Geng, G. Li, M. Shang, C. Peng, Y. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline CaYAlO4:Tb3+/Eu3+ as promising phosphors for full-color field emission displays,” Dalton Trans. 41(10), 3078–3086 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Broxtermann, D. den Engelsen, G. R. Fern, P. Harris, T. G. Ireland, T. Justel, and J. Silver, “Cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence of YPO4:Pr3+, Y2SiO5:Pr3+, YBO3:Pr3+, and YPO4:Bi3+,” ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol. 6(4), R47–R52 (2017).
[Crossref]

Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. (1)

K. Uheda, N. Hirosaki, Y. Yamamoto, A. Naito, T. Nakajima, and H. Yamamoto, “Luminescence properties of a red phosphor, CaAlSiN3:Eu2+, for white light-emitting diodes,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9(4), H22–H25 (2006).
[Crossref]

IDW’05 Tech. Digest (1)

M. Nakamoto, H. Kominami, and Y. Nakanishi, “White color flat field emission lamps for high quality general lighting,” IDW’05 Tech. Digest 12, 1997–1998 (2005).

Inorg. Mater. (1)

Yu. F. Kargin, N. S. Akhmadullina, A. S. Lysenkov, A. A. Ashmarin, A. V. Ishchenko, L. V. Viktorov, O. S. Teslenko, B. V. Shul’gin, A. V. Spirina, V. I. Solomonov, and K. A. Solntsev, “Synthesis and cathodoluminescence characteristics of europium-doped Ca-sialons,” Inorg. Mater. 48(8), 827–831 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. H. Seager, W. L. Warren, and D. R. Tallant, “Electron-beam-induced charging of phosphors for low voltage display applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(12), 7994–8001 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

M. M. Cao, R. J. Chacon, and C. E. Hunt, “A Field Emission Light Source. Using a Reticulated Vitreous Carbon (RVC) Cathode and Cathodoluminescent Phosphors,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(9), 467–472 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Electrochem. Soc. Solid State Sci. Technol. (1)

D. J. Robbins, “On predicting the maximum efficiency of phosphor systems excited by ionizing radiation,” J. Electrochem. Soc. Solid State Sci. Technol. 127(12), 2694–2702 (1980).

J. Jpn. Soc. Precision Eng. (1)

T. Arakawa, A. Namba, K. Matsuoka, and H. Takahashi, “Development of white FEL (Field Emission Lamp) to apply for environment-friendly vehicle,” J. Jpn. Soc. Precision Eng. 82(1), 87–92 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. (1)

Y. Zhang, E. H. A. Langendijk, Y. Di, and F. C. Lin, “Application of field emission as backlight unit for liquid crystal displays,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 12(8), 6449–6452 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Technol. (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Kanaya and S. Okayama, “Penetration and energy-loss theory of electrons in solid targets,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 5(1), 43–58 (1972).
[Crossref]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A (1)

H. C. Swart, J. S. Sebastian, T. A. Trottier, S. L. Jones, and P. H. Holloway, “Degradation of zinc sulfide phosphors under electron bombardment,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 14(3), 1697–1703 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

C. Y. Duan, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, J. H. Zhang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Cathodoluminesent properties of SrGa2S4:Eu2+ phosphor for field-emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(2), 618–622 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Imanaga, S. Yokono, and T. Hoshina, “Luminescence saturation effects in Y2O2S:Eu phosphor,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19(1), 4–49 (1980).
[Crossref]

JSID (1)

H. X. Wang, N. Jiang, H. Harazono, H. Hiraki, Y. Harada, M. Haba, and M. Nakamoto, “Development of high-brightness flat field-emission lamp with a special electrode system for block dimming BLUs for LCDs,” JSID 17(4), 357–360 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Proc. 16th Intl. Display Workshops. (1)

D. d. Engelsen, J. Silver, R. Withnall, T. Ireland, and P. Harris, “Does a field emission backlight make sense,” Proc. 16th Intl. Display Workshops. 16, 1849 (2009).

Sci. Rep. (1)

M.-J. Youh, C.-L. Tseng, M.-H. Jhuang, S.-C. Chiu, L.-H. Huang, J.-A. Gong, and Y. Y. Li, “Flat panel light source with lateral gate structure based on SiC nanowire field emitters,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10976 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. (2)

B. Dierre, T. Takeda, T. Sekiguchi, T. Suehiro, K. Takahashi, Y. Yamamoto, R.-J. Xie, and N. Hirosaki, “Local analysis of Eu(2+) emission in CaAlSiN3.,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064201 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R.-J. Xie and N. Hirosaki, “Silicon-based oxynitride and nitride phosphors for white LEDs-A review,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 8(7-8), 588–600 (2007).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science 308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solid State Technol. (1)

P. H. Holloway, J. Sebastian, T. Trottier, H. Stewart, and R. O. Peterson, “Production and control of vacuum in field emission flat panel displays,” Solid State Technol. 38(8), 47–52 (1995)

Technol. (1)

D. R. Robbins, “Cathdoluminescence saturation phenomena in Y2O2S:Eu,” J. Electrochem. Soc.: Solid-State Sci,” Technol. 123(8), 1219–1226 (1976).

Other (3)

W. M. Yen, S. Shionoya, and H. Yamamoto, Phosphor Handbook (CRC Press, 2007), Chap. 5.

A. Lakshmanan, Luminescence and Display Phosphors: Phenomena and Applications (Nova Publishers, 2008), Chap. 4.

R.-J. Xie, Y. Q. Li, H. Yamamoto, and N. Hirosaki, Nitride Phosphors and Solid State Lighting (CRC Press, 2010).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic configuration for measuring field emission properties of the phosphor blends and (b) photographs of the vacuum system for CL phosphors.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematics of the white FEL structure in this work.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Emission spectra of (a) individual AlN:Eu2+ (B), β-sialon:Eu2+ (G), Ca-α-sialon:Eu2+ (Y) and CaAlSiN3:Eu2+ (R) phosphor, and (b) white FELs with different ratios of B: Y, and (c) white FELs with different ratios of B: G: R, measured at 3 kV and 100 μA. The black spectrum of white LED by using a blue chip and Ca-α-sialon:Eu2+ is also included for comparison. The inset in Fig. 3(b) shows the photograph of white light from Sample B.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Brightness of (a) Sample D with the B:Y ratio of 0.65:0.35 and (b) Sample D’ with the B:G:R ratio of 0.16: 0.16: 0.68 as a function of the accelerating voltage. The anode current was fixed at 100 μA.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Prototypes of white FELs (ϕ60 x 95 mm) with (a) front view, (b) rear view, (c) power off, and (d) power on.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Emission spectra (a) and luminance (b) of the white FEL (Sample B) measured at varying anode currents.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optical properties of samples with different mixing ratios of phosphors (B:Y) and (B:G:R).

Equations (3)

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η=  100 P r P e
P r =πR
R=  a b SR(λ)

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