Abstract

This paper reports a systematic study on the characteristics of silver nanowires (AgNWs) coated graphene and its application as a transparent current spreading electrode in ultra-violet light emitting diodes (UV-LEDs). The optimized values of optical transmittance and sheet resistance of AgNWs covered graphene were 87.7% at 375 nm and 50 ± 5 Ω/sq, respectively. Upon applying the AgNWs on graphene electrode, the UV-LED exhibited uniform bright light emission with a reduction in the forward voltage and about four-fold increase in the electroluminescence intensity. We attribute the observed performance improvements to a reduction in the sheet and contact resistances.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. B.-J. Kim, C. Lee, Y. Jung, K. H. Baik, M. A. Mastro, J. K. Hite, C. R. Eddy, and J. Kim, “Large-area transparent conductive few-layer graphene electrode in GaN-based ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143101 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. H. Seo, S. J. Chae, B. K. Kim, G. Shin, Y. H. Lee, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhanced Light Output Power of Near-Ultraviolet Light-Emitting Diodes with Au-Doped Graphene for Transparent and Current-Spreading Electrode,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(11), 115101 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. J.-P. Shim, T. H. Seo, J.-H. Min, C. M. Kang, E.-K. Suh, and D.-S. Lee, “Thin Ni film on graphene current spreading layer for GaN-based blue and ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(15), 151115 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. H. Seo, G. Shin, B. K. Kim, C.-J. Choi, C. Lee, M. J. Kim, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhancement of light output power in ultraviolet light emitting diodes using graphene film on self-assembled Au nanocluster by agglomeration process,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 223105 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. J. H. Chen, C. Jang, S. D. Xiao, M. Ishigami, and M. S. Fuhrer, “Intrinsic and extrinsic performance limits of graphene devices on SiO2.,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 206–209 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  10. S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. J.-P. Shim, D. Kim, M. Choe, T. Lee, S.-J. Park, and D.-S. Lee, “A self-assembled Ag nanoparticle agglomeration process on graphene for enhanced light output in GaN-based LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(25), 255201 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. J. Krantz, M. Richter, S. Spallek, E. Spiecker, and C. J. Brabec, “Solution-Processed Metallic Nanowire Electrodes as Indium Tin Oxide Replacement for Thin-Film Solar Cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4784–4787 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  13. D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J. P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: A review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. S. Xie, Z. Ouyang, B. Jia, and M. Gu, “Large-size, high-uniformity, random silver nanowire networks as transparent electrodes for crystalline silicon wafer solar cells,” Opt. Express 21(S3), A355–A362 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. H. O. Choi, D. W. Kim, S. J. Kim, S. B. Yang, and H. T. Jung, “Role of 1D metallic nanowires in polydomain graphene for highly transparent conducting films,” Adv. Mater. 26(26), 4575–4581 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. H. Cho, C. Lee, I. S. Oh, S. Park, H. C. Kim, and M. J. Kim, “Parametric Study of Methanol Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth for Graphene,” Carbon Lett. 13(4), 205–211 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  20. S. M. Bergin, Y. H. Chen, A. R. Rathmell, P. Charbonneau, Z. Y. Li, and B. J. Wiley, “The effect of nanowire length and diameter on the properties of transparent, conducting nanowire films,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1996–2004 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. S. Sorel, P. E. Lyons, S. De, J. C. Dickerson, and J. N. Coleman, “The dependence of the optoelectrical properties of silver nanowire networks on nanowire length and diameter,” Nanotechnology 23(18), 185201 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  25. J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. J. Lee, S. Shim, B. Kim, and H. S. Shin, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene by the Deposition of Gold Nanoparticles,” Chemistry 17(8), 2381–2387 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. T. H. Seo, K. J. Lee, A. H. Park, C.-H. Hong, E.-K. Suh, S. J. Chae, Y. H. Lee, T. V. Cuong, V. H. Pham, J. S. Chung, E. J. Kim, and S.-R. Jeon, “Enhanced light output power of near UV light emitting diodes with graphene / indium tin oxide nanodot nodes for transparent and current spreading electrode,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23111–23117 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. J. H. Sung, J. S. Yang, B. S. Kim, C. H. Choi, M. W. Lee, S. G. Lee, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, and B.-H. O, “Enhancement of electroluminescence in GaN-based light-emitting diodes by metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261105 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  29. N. Gao, K. Huang, J. Li, S. Li, X. Yang, and J. Kang, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced deep-UV light emitting diodes based on AlGaN multi-quantum wells,” Sci Rep 2, 816 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

H. O. Choi, D. W. Kim, S. J. Kim, S. B. Yang, and H. T. Jung, “Role of 1D metallic nanowires in polydomain graphene for highly transparent conducting films,” Adv. Mater. 26(26), 4575–4581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (6)

J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-P. Shim, T. H. Seo, J.-H. Min, C. M. Kang, E.-K. Suh, and D.-S. Lee, “Thin Ni film on graphene current spreading layer for GaN-based blue and ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(15), 151115 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. H. Seo, G. Shin, B. K. Kim, C.-J. Choi, C. Lee, M. J. Kim, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhancement of light output power in ultraviolet light emitting diodes using graphene film on self-assembled Au nanocluster by agglomeration process,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 223105 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J. P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: A review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Xie, Z. Ouyang, B. Jia, and M. Gu, “Large-size, high-uniformity, random silver nanowire networks as transparent electrodes for crystalline silicon wafer solar cells,” Opt. Express 21(S3), A355–A362 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (8)

I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Shim, D. Kim, M. Choe, T. Lee, S.-J. Park, and D.-S. Lee, “A self-assembled Ag nanoparticle agglomeration process on graphene for enhanced light output in GaN-based LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(25), 255201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Gao, K. Huang, J. Li, S. Li, X. Yang, and J. Kang, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced deep-UV light emitting diodes based on AlGaN multi-quantum wells,” Sci Rep 2, 816 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. H. Seo, S. J. Chae, B. K. Kim, G. Shin, Y. H. Lee, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhanced Light Output Power of Near-Ultraviolet Light-Emitting Diodes with Au-Doped Graphene for Transparent and Current-Spreading Electrode,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(11), 115101 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Cho, C. Lee, I. S. Oh, S. Park, H. C. Kim, and M. J. Kim, “Parametric Study of Methanol Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth for Graphene,” Carbon Lett. 13(4), 205–211 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. M. Bergin, Y. H. Chen, A. R. Rathmell, P. Charbonneau, Z. Y. Li, and B. J. Wiley, “The effect of nanowire length and diameter on the properties of transparent, conducting nanowire films,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1996–2004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sorel, P. E. Lyons, S. De, J. C. Dickerson, and J. N. Coleman, “The dependence of the optoelectrical properties of silver nanowire networks on nanowire length and diameter,” Nanotechnology 23(18), 185201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

B.-J. Kim, C. Lee, Y. Jung, K. H. Baik, M. A. Mastro, J. K. Hite, C. R. Eddy, and J. Kim, “Large-area transparent conductive few-layer graphene electrode in GaN-based ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143101 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Krantz, M. Richter, S. Spallek, E. Spiecker, and C. J. Brabec, “Solution-Processed Metallic Nanowire Electrodes as Indium Tin Oxide Replacement for Thin-Film Solar Cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4784–4787 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, S. Shim, B. Kim, and H. S. Shin, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene by the Deposition of Gold Nanoparticles,” Chemistry 17(8), 2381–2387 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. H. Seo, K. J. Lee, A. H. Park, C.-H. Hong, E.-K. Suh, S. J. Chae, Y. H. Lee, T. V. Cuong, V. H. Pham, J. S. Chung, E. J. Kim, and S.-R. Jeon, “Enhanced light output power of near UV light emitting diodes with graphene / indium tin oxide nanodot nodes for transparent and current spreading electrode,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23111–23117 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

J. H. Sung, J. S. Yang, B. S. Kim, C. H. Choi, M. W. Lee, S. G. Lee, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, and B.-H. O, “Enhancement of electroluminescence in GaN-based light-emitting diodes by metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261105 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. K. Kim, A. Reina, Y. Shi, H. Park, L.-J. Li, Y. H. Lee, and J. Kong, “Enhancing the conductivity of transparent graphene films via doping,” Nanotechnology 21(28), 285205 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kim, H. J. Park, B.-C. Woo, K. J. Kim, G. T. Kim, and W. S. Yun, “Electric Property Evolution of Structurally Defected Multilayer Graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3092–3096 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Chen, C. Jang, S. D. Xiao, M. Ishigami, and M. S. Fuhrer, “Intrinsic and extrinsic performance limits of graphene devices on SiO2.,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 206–209 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, J. H.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aliev, A. E.

I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baik, K. H.

B.-J. Kim, C. Lee, Y. Jung, K. H. Baik, M. A. Mastro, J. K. Hite, C. R. Eddy, and J. Kim, “Large-area transparent conductive few-layer graphene electrode in GaN-based ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Basko, D. M.

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

Beak, Y. S.

S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bellet, D.

D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J. P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: A review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergin, S. M.

S. M. Bergin, Y. H. Chen, A. R. Rathmell, P. Charbonneau, Z. Y. Li, and B. J. Wiley, “The effect of nanowire length and diameter on the properties of transparent, conducting nanowire films,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1996–2004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bi, H.

J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonetti, A.

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bonini, N.

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brabec, C. J.

J. Krantz, M. Richter, S. Spallek, E. Spiecker, and C. J. Brabec, “Solution-Processed Metallic Nanowire Electrodes as Indium Tin Oxide Replacement for Thin-Film Solar Cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4784–4787 (2011).
[Crossref]

Celle, C.

D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J. P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: A review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chae, S. J.

T. H. Seo, S. J. Chae, B. K. Kim, G. Shin, Y. H. Lee, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhanced Light Output Power of Near-Ultraviolet Light-Emitting Diodes with Au-Doped Graphene for Transparent and Current-Spreading Electrode,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(11), 115101 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. H. Seo, K. J. Lee, A. H. Park, C.-H. Hong, E.-K. Suh, S. J. Chae, Y. H. Lee, T. V. Cuong, V. H. Pham, J. S. Chung, E. J. Kim, and S.-R. Jeon, “Enhanced light output power of near UV light emitting diodes with graphene / indium tin oxide nanodot nodes for transparent and current spreading electrode,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23111–23117 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chakraborty, B.

A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chandramohan, S.

S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Charbonneau, P.

S. M. Bergin, Y. H. Chen, A. R. Rathmell, P. Charbonneau, Z. Y. Li, and B. J. Wiley, “The effect of nanowire length and diameter on the properties of transparent, conducting nanowire films,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1996–2004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J. H.

J. H. Chen, C. Jang, S. D. Xiao, M. Ishigami, and M. S. Fuhrer, “Intrinsic and extrinsic performance limits of graphene devices on SiO2.,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 206–209 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. H.

S. M. Bergin, Y. H. Chen, A. R. Rathmell, P. Charbonneau, Z. Y. Li, and B. J. Wiley, “The effect of nanowire length and diameter on the properties of transparent, conducting nanowire films,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1996–2004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, H.

H. Cho, C. Lee, I. S. Oh, S. Park, H. C. Kim, and M. J. Kim, “Parametric Study of Methanol Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth for Graphene,” Carbon Lett. 13(4), 205–211 (2012).
[Crossref]

Choe, M.

J.-P. Shim, D. Kim, M. Choe, T. Lee, S.-J. Park, and D.-S. Lee, “A self-assembled Ag nanoparticle agglomeration process on graphene for enhanced light output in GaN-based LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(25), 255201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, C. H.

J. H. Sung, J. S. Yang, B. S. Kim, C. H. Choi, M. W. Lee, S. G. Lee, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, and B.-H. O, “Enhancement of electroluminescence in GaN-based light-emitting diodes by metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Choi, C.-J.

T. H. Seo, G. Shin, B. K. Kim, C.-J. Choi, C. Lee, M. J. Kim, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhancement of light output power in ultraviolet light emitting diodes using graphene film on self-assembled Au nanocluster by agglomeration process,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 223105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Choi, H. O.

H. O. Choi, D. W. Kim, S. J. Kim, S. B. Yang, and H. T. Jung, “Role of 1D metallic nanowires in polydomain graphene for highly transparent conducting films,” Adv. Mater. 26(26), 4575–4581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, J. Y.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Choi, K. H.

M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choung, J. W.

J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chung, J. S.

Coleman, J. N.

S. Sorel, P. E. Lyons, S. De, J. C. Dickerson, and J. N. Coleman, “The dependence of the optoelectrical properties of silver nanowire networks on nanowire length and diameter,” Nanotechnology 23(18), 185201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cuong, T. V.

Das, A.

A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De, S.

S. Sorel, P. E. Lyons, S. De, J. C. Dickerson, and J. N. Coleman, “The dependence of the optoelectrical properties of silver nanowire networks on nanowire length and diameter,” Nanotechnology 23(18), 185201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dickerson, J. C.

S. Sorel, P. E. Lyons, S. De, J. C. Dickerson, and J. N. Coleman, “The dependence of the optoelectrical properties of silver nanowire networks on nanowire length and diameter,” Nanotechnology 23(18), 185201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dubonos, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eddy, C. R.

B.-J. Kim, C. Lee, Y. Jung, K. H. Baik, M. A. Mastro, J. K. Hite, C. R. Eddy, and J. Kim, “Large-area transparent conductive few-layer graphene electrode in GaN-based ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Firsov, A. A.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fuhrer, M. S.

J. H. Chen, C. Jang, S. D. Xiao, M. Ishigami, and M. S. Fuhrer, “Intrinsic and extrinsic performance limits of graphene devices on SiO2.,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 206–209 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galiotis, C.

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gao, N.

N. Gao, K. Huang, J. Li, S. Li, X. Yang, and J. Kang, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced deep-UV light emitting diodes based on AlGaN multi-quantum wells,” Sci Rep 2, 816 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geim, A. K.

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giusti, G.

D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J. P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: A review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grigorieva, I. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, M.

Gunes, F.

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Han, G. H.

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Han, N.

S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hite, J. K.

B.-J. Kim, C. Lee, Y. Jung, K. H. Baik, M. A. Mastro, J. K. Hite, C. R. Eddy, and J. Kim, “Large-area transparent conductive few-layer graphene electrode in GaN-based ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hong, B. H.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, C.-H.

S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. H. Seo, K. J. Lee, A. H. Park, C.-H. Hong, E.-K. Suh, S. J. Chae, Y. H. Lee, T. V. Cuong, V. H. Pham, J. S. Chung, E. J. Kim, and S.-R. Jeon, “Enhanced light output power of near UV light emitting diodes with graphene / indium tin oxide nanodot nodes for transparent and current spreading electrode,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23111–23117 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, F.

J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, K.

N. Gao, K. Huang, J. Li, S. Li, X. Yang, and J. Kang, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced deep-UV light emitting diodes based on AlGaN multi-quantum wells,” Sci Rep 2, 816 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishigami, M.

J. H. Chen, C. Jang, S. D. Xiao, M. Ishigami, and M. S. Fuhrer, “Intrinsic and extrinsic performance limits of graphene devices on SiO2.,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 206–209 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jalil, R.

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jang, C.

J. H. Chen, C. Jang, S. D. Xiao, M. Ishigami, and M. S. Fuhrer, “Intrinsic and extrinsic performance limits of graphene devices on SiO2.,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 206–209 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, H.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeon, S.-R.

Jia, B.

Jiang, D.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, M.

J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, H. T.

H. O. Choi, D. W. Kim, S. J. Kim, S. B. Yang, and H. T. Jung, “Role of 1D metallic nanowires in polydomain graphene for highly transparent conducting films,” Adv. Mater. 26(26), 4575–4581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, Y.

B.-J. Kim, C. Lee, Y. Jung, K. H. Baik, M. A. Mastro, J. K. Hite, C. R. Eddy, and J. Kim, “Large-area transparent conductive few-layer graphene electrode in GaN-based ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kang, C. M.

J.-P. Shim, T. H. Seo, J.-H. Min, C. M. Kang, E.-K. Suh, and D.-S. Lee, “Thin Ni film on graphene current spreading layer for GaN-based blue and ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(15), 151115 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kang, J.

N. Gao, K. Huang, J. Li, S. Li, X. Yang, and J. Kang, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced deep-UV light emitting diodes based on AlGaN multi-quantum wells,” Sci Rep 2, 816 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, J. H.

S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Katharria, Y. S.

S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Khanikaev, A. B.

I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kholmanov, I. N.

I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, B.

J. Lee, S. Shim, B. Kim, and H. S. Shin, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene by the Deposition of Gold Nanoparticles,” Chemistry 17(8), 2381–2387 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, B. K.

T. H. Seo, G. Shin, B. K. Kim, C.-J. Choi, C. Lee, M. J. Kim, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhancement of light output power in ultraviolet light emitting diodes using graphene film on self-assembled Au nanocluster by agglomeration process,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 223105 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. H. Seo, S. J. Chae, B. K. Kim, G. Shin, Y. H. Lee, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhanced Light Output Power of Near-Ultraviolet Light-Emitting Diodes with Au-Doped Graphene for Transparent and Current-Spreading Electrode,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(11), 115101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, B. S.

J. H. Sung, J. S. Yang, B. S. Kim, C. H. Choi, M. W. Lee, S. G. Lee, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, and B.-H. O, “Enhancement of electroluminescence in GaN-based light-emitting diodes by metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, B.-J.

B.-J. Kim, C. Lee, Y. Jung, K. H. Baik, M. A. Mastro, J. K. Hite, C. R. Eddy, and J. Kim, “Large-area transparent conductive few-layer graphene electrode in GaN-based ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, D.

J.-P. Shim, D. Kim, M. Choe, T. Lee, S.-J. Park, and D.-S. Lee, “A self-assembled Ag nanoparticle agglomeration process on graphene for enhanced light output in GaN-based LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(25), 255201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, D. G.

M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, D. W.

H. O. Choi, D. W. Kim, S. J. Kim, S. B. Yang, and H. T. Jung, “Role of 1D metallic nanowires in polydomain graphene for highly transparent conducting films,” Adv. Mater. 26(26), 4575–4581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, E. J.

Kim, E. S.

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, G. T.

K. Kim, H. J. Park, B.-C. Woo, K. J. Kim, G. T. Kim, and W. S. Yun, “Electric Property Evolution of Structurally Defected Multilayer Graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3092–3096 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H. C.

H. Cho, C. Lee, I. S. Oh, S. Park, H. C. Kim, and M. J. Kim, “Parametric Study of Methanol Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth for Graphene,” Carbon Lett. 13(4), 205–211 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. K.

M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

B.-J. Kim, C. Lee, Y. Jung, K. H. Baik, M. A. Mastro, J. K. Hite, C. R. Eddy, and J. Kim, “Large-area transparent conductive few-layer graphene electrode in GaN-based ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. M.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K.

K. Kim, H. J. Park, B.-C. Woo, K. J. Kim, G. T. Kim, and W. S. Yun, “Electric Property Evolution of Structurally Defected Multilayer Graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3092–3096 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K. J.

K. Kim, H. J. Park, B.-C. Woo, K. J. Kim, G. T. Kim, and W. S. Yun, “Electric Property Evolution of Structurally Defected Multilayer Graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3092–3096 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K. K.

K. K. Kim, A. Reina, Y. Shi, H. Park, L.-J. Li, Y. H. Lee, and J. Kong, “Enhancing the conductivity of transparent graphene films via doping,” Nanotechnology 21(28), 285205 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, K. S.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, M. J.

T. H. Seo, G. Shin, B. K. Kim, C.-J. Choi, C. Lee, M. J. Kim, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhancement of light output power in ultraviolet light emitting diodes using graphene film on self-assembled Au nanocluster by agglomeration process,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 223105 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Cho, C. Lee, I. S. Oh, S. Park, H. C. Kim, and M. J. Kim, “Parametric Study of Methanol Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth for Graphene,” Carbon Lett. 13(4), 205–211 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, P.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S. J.

H. O. Choi, D. W. Kim, S. J. Kim, S. B. Yang, and H. T. Jung, “Role of 1D metallic nanowires in polydomain graphene for highly transparent conducting films,” Adv. Mater. 26(26), 4575–4581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S. M.

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. Y.

M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ko, K. B.

S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kong, J.

K. K. Kim, A. Reina, Y. Shi, H. Park, L.-J. Li, Y. H. Lee, and J. Kong, “Enhancing the conductivity of transparent graphene films via doping,” Nanotechnology 21(28), 285205 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krantz, J.

J. Krantz, M. Richter, S. Spallek, E. Spiecker, and C. J. Brabec, “Solution-Processed Metallic Nanowire Electrodes as Indium Tin Oxide Replacement for Thin-Film Solar Cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4784–4787 (2011).
[Crossref]

Krishnamurthy, H. R.

A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langley, D.

D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J. P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: A review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.

T. H. Seo, G. Shin, B. K. Kim, C.-J. Choi, C. Lee, M. J. Kim, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhancement of light output power in ultraviolet light emitting diodes using graphene film on self-assembled Au nanocluster by agglomeration process,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 223105 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Cho, C. Lee, I. S. Oh, S. Park, H. C. Kim, and M. J. Kim, “Parametric Study of Methanol Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth for Graphene,” Carbon Lett. 13(4), 205–211 (2012).
[Crossref]

B.-J. Kim, C. Lee, Y. Jung, K. H. Baik, M. A. Mastro, J. K. Hite, C. R. Eddy, and J. Kim, “Large-area transparent conductive few-layer graphene electrode in GaN-based ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.-H.

J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, D. H.

J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, D. Y.

M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, D.-S.

J.-P. Shim, T. H. Seo, J.-H. Min, C. M. Kang, E.-K. Suh, and D.-S. Lee, “Thin Ni film on graphene current spreading layer for GaN-based blue and ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(15), 151115 (2013).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Shim, D. Kim, M. Choe, T. Lee, S.-J. Park, and D.-S. Lee, “A self-assembled Ag nanoparticle agglomeration process on graphene for enhanced light output in GaN-based LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(25), 255201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, E. H.

J. H. Sung, J. S. Yang, B. S. Kim, C. H. Choi, M. W. Lee, S. G. Lee, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, and B.-H. O, “Enhancement of electroluminescence in GaN-based light-emitting diodes by metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, H.

M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J.

J. Lee, S. Shim, B. Kim, and H. S. Shin, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene by the Deposition of Gold Nanoparticles,” Chemistry 17(8), 2381–2387 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J. M.

J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, K.

M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, K. J.

Lee, M. S.

M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, M. W.

J. H. Sung, J. S. Yang, B. S. Kim, C. H. Choi, M. W. Lee, S. G. Lee, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, and B.-H. O, “Enhancement of electroluminescence in GaN-based light-emitting diodes by metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. G.

J. H. Sung, J. S. Yang, B. S. Kim, C. H. Choi, M. W. Lee, S. G. Lee, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, and B.-H. O, “Enhancement of electroluminescence in GaN-based light-emitting diodes by metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. Y.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, T.

J.-P. Shim, D. Kim, M. Choe, T. Lee, S.-J. Park, and D.-S. Lee, “A self-assembled Ag nanoparticle agglomeration process on graphene for enhanced light output in GaN-based LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(25), 255201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. H.

T. H. Seo, S. J. Chae, B. K. Kim, G. Shin, Y. H. Lee, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhanced Light Output Power of Near-Ultraviolet Light-Emitting Diodes with Au-Doped Graphene for Transparent and Current-Spreading Electrode,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(11), 115101 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. H. Seo, K. J. Lee, A. H. Park, C.-H. Hong, E.-K. Suh, S. J. Chae, Y. H. Lee, T. V. Cuong, V. H. Pham, J. S. Chung, E. J. Kim, and S.-R. Jeon, “Enhanced light output power of near UV light emitting diodes with graphene / indium tin oxide nanodot nodes for transparent and current spreading electrode,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23111–23117 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. K. Kim, A. Reina, Y. Shi, H. Park, L.-J. Li, Y. H. Lee, and J. Kong, “Enhancing the conductivity of transparent graphene films via doping,” Nanotechnology 21(28), 285205 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

N. Gao, K. Huang, J. Li, S. Li, X. Yang, and J. Kang, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced deep-UV light emitting diodes based on AlGaN multi-quantum wells,” Sci Rep 2, 816 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L.-J.

K. K. Kim, A. Reina, Y. Shi, H. Park, L.-J. Li, Y. H. Lee, and J. Kong, “Enhancing the conductivity of transparent graphene films via doping,” Nanotechnology 21(28), 285205 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, S.

N. Gao, K. Huang, J. Li, S. Li, X. Yang, and J. Kang, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced deep-UV light emitting diodes based on AlGaN multi-quantum wells,” Sci Rep 2, 816 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z. Y.

S. M. Bergin, Y. H. Chen, A. R. Rathmell, P. Charbonneau, Z. Y. Li, and B. J. Wiley, “The effect of nanowire length and diameter on the properties of transparent, conducting nanowire films,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1996–2004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, T.

J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lombardo, A.

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lyons, P. E.

S. Sorel, P. E. Lyons, S. De, J. C. Dickerson, and J. N. Coleman, “The dependence of the optoelectrical properties of silver nanowire networks on nanowire length and diameter,” Nanotechnology 23(18), 185201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Magnuson, C. W.

I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marzari, N.

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mastro, M. A.

B.-J. Kim, C. Lee, Y. Jung, K. H. Baik, M. A. Mastro, J. K. Hite, C. R. Eddy, and J. Kim, “Large-area transparent conductive few-layer graphene electrode in GaN-based ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mayousse, C.

D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J. P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: A review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Min, J.-H.

J.-P. Shim, T. H. Seo, J.-H. Min, C. M. Kang, E.-K. Suh, and D.-S. Lee, “Thin Ni film on graphene current spreading layer for GaN-based blue and ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(15), 151115 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mohiuddin, T. M. G.

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

Morozov, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mousavi, S. H.

I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nair, R. R.

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nam, S.

M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Novoselov, K. S.

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O, B.-H.

J. H. Sung, J. S. Yang, B. S. Kim, C. H. Choi, M. W. Lee, S. G. Lee, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, and B.-H. O, “Enhancement of electroluminescence in GaN-based light-emitting diodes by metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Oh, I. S.

H. Cho, C. Lee, I. S. Oh, S. Park, H. C. Kim, and M. J. Kim, “Parametric Study of Methanol Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth for Graphene,” Carbon Lett. 13(4), 205–211 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ouyang, Z.

Paik, U.

J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, A. H.

Park, H.

K. K. Kim, A. Reina, Y. Shi, H. Park, L.-J. Li, Y. H. Lee, and J. Kong, “Enhancing the conductivity of transparent graphene films via doping,” Nanotechnology 21(28), 285205 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, H. J.

K. Kim, H. J. Park, B.-C. Woo, K. J. Kim, G. T. Kim, and W. S. Yun, “Electric Property Evolution of Structurally Defected Multilayer Graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3092–3096 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J.

M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J. B.

S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Park, J. U.

M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, M. H.

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Park, S.

H. Cho, C. Lee, I. S. Oh, S. Park, H. C. Kim, and M. J. Kim, “Parametric Study of Methanol Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth for Graphene,” Carbon Lett. 13(4), 205–211 (2012).
[Crossref]

Park, S. G.

J. H. Sung, J. S. Yang, B. S. Kim, C. H. Choi, M. W. Lee, S. G. Lee, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, and B.-H. O, “Enhancement of electroluminescence in GaN-based light-emitting diodes by metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Park, S.-J.

J.-P. Shim, D. Kim, M. Choe, T. Lee, S.-J. Park, and D.-S. Lee, “A self-assembled Ag nanoparticle agglomeration process on graphene for enhanced light output in GaN-based LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(25), 255201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, W. I.

J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, E.

I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pham, V. H.

Piner, R.

I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pisana, S.

A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piscanec, S.

A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pribat, D.

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rathmell, A. R.

S. M. Bergin, Y. H. Chen, A. R. Rathmell, P. Charbonneau, Z. Y. Li, and B. J. Wiley, “The effect of nanowire length and diameter on the properties of transparent, conducting nanowire films,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1996–2004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reina, A.

K. K. Kim, A. Reina, Y. Shi, H. Park, L.-J. Li, Y. H. Lee, and J. Kong, “Enhancing the conductivity of transparent graphene films via doping,” Nanotechnology 21(28), 285205 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richter, M.

J. Krantz, M. Richter, S. Spallek, E. Spiecker, and C. J. Brabec, “Solution-Processed Metallic Nanowire Electrodes as Indium Tin Oxide Replacement for Thin-Film Solar Cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4784–4787 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rogers, J. A.

J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruoff, R. S.

I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ryu, B. D.

S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Saha, S. K.

A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Samal, M.

J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Savini, G.

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

Seo, T. H.

T. H. Seo, G. Shin, B. K. Kim, C.-J. Choi, C. Lee, M. J. Kim, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhancement of light output power in ultraviolet light emitting diodes using graphene film on self-assembled Au nanocluster by agglomeration process,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 223105 (2013).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Shim, T. H. Seo, J.-H. Min, C. M. Kang, E.-K. Suh, and D.-S. Lee, “Thin Ni film on graphene current spreading layer for GaN-based blue and ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(15), 151115 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. H. Seo, S. J. Chae, B. K. Kim, G. Shin, Y. H. Lee, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhanced Light Output Power of Near-Ultraviolet Light-Emitting Diodes with Au-Doped Graphene for Transparent and Current-Spreading Electrode,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(11), 115101 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. H. Seo, K. J. Lee, A. H. Park, C.-H. Hong, E.-K. Suh, S. J. Chae, Y. H. Lee, T. V. Cuong, V. H. Pham, J. S. Chung, E. J. Kim, and S.-R. Jeon, “Enhanced light output power of near UV light emitting diodes with graphene / indium tin oxide nanodot nodes for transparent and current spreading electrode,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23111–23117 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, Y.

K. K. Kim, A. Reina, Y. Shi, H. Park, L.-J. Li, Y. H. Lee, and J. Kong, “Enhancing the conductivity of transparent graphene films via doping,” Nanotechnology 21(28), 285205 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shim, J.-P.

J.-P. Shim, T. H. Seo, J.-H. Min, C. M. Kang, E.-K. Suh, and D.-S. Lee, “Thin Ni film on graphene current spreading layer for GaN-based blue and ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(15), 151115 (2013).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Shim, D. Kim, M. Choe, T. Lee, S.-J. Park, and D.-S. Lee, “A self-assembled Ag nanoparticle agglomeration process on graphene for enhanced light output in GaN-based LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(25), 255201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. Lee, S. Shim, B. Kim, and H. S. Shin, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene by the Deposition of Gold Nanoparticles,” Chemistry 17(8), 2381–2387 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shin, G.

T. H. Seo, G. Shin, B. K. Kim, C.-J. Choi, C. Lee, M. J. Kim, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhancement of light output power in ultraviolet light emitting diodes using graphene film on self-assembled Au nanocluster by agglomeration process,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 223105 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. H. Seo, S. J. Chae, B. K. Kim, G. Shin, Y. H. Lee, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhanced Light Output Power of Near-Ultraviolet Light-Emitting Diodes with Au-Doped Graphene for Transparent and Current-Spreading Electrode,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(11), 115101 (2012).
[Crossref]

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S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shin, H. S.

J. Lee, S. Shim, B. Kim, and H. S. Shin, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene by the Deposition of Gold Nanoparticles,” Chemistry 17(8), 2381–2387 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
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A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
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S. Sorel, P. E. Lyons, S. De, J. C. Dickerson, and J. N. Coleman, “The dependence of the optoelectrical properties of silver nanowire networks on nanowire length and diameter,” Nanotechnology 23(18), 185201 (2012).
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J. Krantz, M. Richter, S. Spallek, E. Spiecker, and C. J. Brabec, “Solution-Processed Metallic Nanowire Electrodes as Indium Tin Oxide Replacement for Thin-Film Solar Cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4784–4787 (2011).
[Crossref]

Spiecker, E.

J. Krantz, M. Richter, S. Spallek, E. Spiecker, and C. J. Brabec, “Solution-Processed Metallic Nanowire Electrodes as Indium Tin Oxide Replacement for Thin-Film Solar Cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4784–4787 (2011).
[Crossref]

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J.-P. Shim, T. H. Seo, J.-H. Min, C. M. Kang, E.-K. Suh, and D.-S. Lee, “Thin Ni film on graphene current spreading layer for GaN-based blue and ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(15), 151115 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. H. Seo, G. Shin, B. K. Kim, C.-J. Choi, C. Lee, M. J. Kim, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhancement of light output power in ultraviolet light emitting diodes using graphene film on self-assembled Au nanocluster by agglomeration process,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 223105 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. H. Seo, S. J. Chae, B. K. Kim, G. Shin, Y. H. Lee, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhanced Light Output Power of Near-Ultraviolet Light-Emitting Diodes with Au-Doped Graphene for Transparent and Current-Spreading Electrode,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(11), 115101 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. H. Seo, K. J. Lee, A. H. Park, C.-H. Hong, E.-K. Suh, S. J. Chae, Y. H. Lee, T. V. Cuong, V. H. Pham, J. S. Chung, E. J. Kim, and S.-R. Jeon, “Enhanced light output power of near UV light emitting diodes with graphene / indium tin oxide nanodot nodes for transparent and current spreading electrode,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23111–23117 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suk, J. W.

I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, S.

J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sung, J. H.

J. H. Sung, J. S. Yang, B. S. Kim, C. H. Choi, M. W. Lee, S. G. Lee, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, and B.-H. O, “Enhancement of electroluminescence in GaN-based light-emitting diodes by metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
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Waghmare, U. V.

A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wan, D.

J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
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Wiley, B. J.

S. M. Bergin, Y. H. Chen, A. R. Rathmell, P. Charbonneau, Z. Y. Li, and B. J. Wiley, “The effect of nanowire length and diameter on the properties of transparent, conducting nanowire films,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1996–2004 (2012).
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Woo, B.-C.

K. Kim, H. J. Park, B.-C. Woo, K. J. Kim, G. T. Kim, and W. S. Yun, “Electric Property Evolution of Structurally Defected Multilayer Graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3092–3096 (2008).
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J. H. Chen, C. Jang, S. D. Xiao, M. Ishigami, and M. S. Fuhrer, “Intrinsic and extrinsic performance limits of graphene devices on SiO2.,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 206–209 (2008).
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Xie, S.

Xie, X.

J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
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Yang, C. W.

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. S.

J. H. Sung, J. S. Yang, B. S. Kim, C. H. Choi, M. W. Lee, S. G. Lee, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, and B.-H. O, “Enhancement of electroluminescence in GaN-based light-emitting diodes by metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, S. B.

H. O. Choi, D. W. Kim, S. J. Kim, S. B. Yang, and H. T. Jung, “Role of 1D metallic nanowires in polydomain graphene for highly transparent conducting films,” Adv. Mater. 26(26), 4575–4581 (2014).
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Yang, X.

N. Gao, K. Huang, J. Li, S. Li, X. Yang, and J. Kang, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced deep-UV light emitting diodes based on AlGaN multi-quantum wells,” Sci Rep 2, 816 (2012).
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J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yi, G.-C.

J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
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Yi, J.

J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
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Yoon, S. M.

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yun, W. S.

K. Kim, H. J. Park, B.-C. Woo, K. J. Kim, G. T. Kim, and W. S. Yun, “Electric Property Evolution of Structurally Defected Multilayer Graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3092–3096 (2008).
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I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
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I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
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K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
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J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
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Zhou, X.

J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

J. Chen, H. Bi, S. Sun, Y. Tang, W. Zhao, T. Lin, D. Wan, F. Huang, X. Zhou, X. Xie, and M. Jiang, “Highly conductive and flexible paper of 1D silver-nanowire-doped graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(4), 1408–1413 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

J. Krantz, M. Richter, S. Spallek, E. Spiecker, and C. J. Brabec, “Solution-Processed Metallic Nanowire Electrodes as Indium Tin Oxide Replacement for Thin-Film Solar Cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4784–4787 (2011).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

H. O. Choi, D. W. Kim, S. J. Kim, S. B. Yang, and H. T. Jung, “Role of 1D metallic nanowires in polydomain graphene for highly transparent conducting films,” Adv. Mater. 26(26), 4575–4581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Chae, F. Gunes, K. K. Kim, E. S. Kim, G. H. Han, S. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, S. M. Yoon, J. Y. Choi, M. H. Park, C. W. Yang, D. Pribat, and Y. H. Lee, “Synthesis of Large-Area Graphene Layers on Poly-Nickel Substrate by Chemical Vapor Deposition: Wrinkle Formation,” Adv. Mater. 21(22), 2328–2333 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

T. H. Seo, S. J. Chae, B. K. Kim, G. Shin, Y. H. Lee, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhanced Light Output Power of Near-Ultraviolet Light-Emitting Diodes with Au-Doped Graphene for Transparent and Current-Spreading Electrode,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(11), 115101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J.-P. Shim, T. H. Seo, J.-H. Min, C. M. Kang, E.-K. Suh, and D.-S. Lee, “Thin Ni film on graphene current spreading layer for GaN-based blue and ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(15), 151115 (2013).
[Crossref]

B.-J. Kim, C. Lee, Y. Jung, K. H. Baik, M. A. Mastro, J. K. Hite, C. R. Eddy, and J. Kim, “Large-area transparent conductive few-layer graphene electrode in GaN-based ultra-violet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 143101 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. H. Sung, J. S. Yang, B. S. Kim, C. H. Choi, M. W. Lee, S. G. Lee, S. G. Park, E. H. Lee, and B.-H. O, “Enhancement of electroluminescence in GaN-based light-emitting diodes by metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Carbon Lett. (1)

H. Cho, C. Lee, I. S. Oh, S. Park, H. C. Kim, and M. J. Kim, “Parametric Study of Methanol Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth for Graphene,” Carbon Lett. 13(4), 205–211 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chemistry (1)

J. Lee, S. Shim, B. Kim, and H. S. Shin, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene by the Deposition of Gold Nanoparticles,” Chemistry 17(8), 2381–2387 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. H. Seo, G. Shin, B. K. Kim, C.-J. Choi, C. Lee, M. J. Kim, and E.-K. Suh, “Enhancement of light output power in ultraviolet light emitting diodes using graphene film on self-assembled Au nanocluster by agglomeration process,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(22), 223105 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Chandramohan, J. H. Kang, Y. S. Katharria, N. Han, Y. S. Beak, K. B. Ko, J. B. Park, B. D. Ryu, H. K. Kim, E.-K. Suh, and C.-H. Hong, “Chemically modified multilayer graphene with metal interlayer as an efficient current spreading electrode for InGaN/GaN blue light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(14), 145101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (4)

I. N. Kholmanov, C. W. Magnuson, A. E. Aliev, H. Li, B. Zhang, J. W. Suk, L. L. Zhang, E. Peng, S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Piner, G. Shvets, and R. S. Ruoff, “Improved Electrical Conductivity of Graphene Films Integrated with Metal Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5679–5683 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. S. Lee, K. Lee, S. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Park, K. H. Choi, H. K. Kim, D. G. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. Nam, and J. U. Park, “High-performance, transparent, and stretchable electrodes using graphene-metal nanowire hybrid structures,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2814–2821 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kim, H. J. Park, B.-C. Woo, K. J. Kim, G. T. Kim, and W. S. Yun, “Electric Property Evolution of Structurally Defected Multilayer Graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3092–3096 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Lee, J. W. Choung, J. Yi, D. H. Lee, M. Samal, D. K. Yi, C.-H. Lee, G.-C. Yi, U. Paik, J. A. Rogers, and W. I. Park, “Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2783–2788 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanoscale (1)

S. M. Bergin, Y. H. Chen, A. R. Rathmell, P. Charbonneau, Z. Y. Li, and B. J. Wiley, “The effect of nanowire length and diameter on the properties of transparent, conducting nanowire films,” Nanoscale 4(6), 1996–2004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (4)

S. Sorel, P. E. Lyons, S. De, J. C. Dickerson, and J. N. Coleman, “The dependence of the optoelectrical properties of silver nanowire networks on nanowire length and diameter,” Nanotechnology 23(18), 185201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. K. Kim, A. Reina, Y. Shi, H. Park, L.-J. Li, Y. H. Lee, and J. Kong, “Enhancing the conductivity of transparent graphene films via doping,” Nanotechnology 21(28), 285205 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-P. Shim, D. Kim, M. Choe, T. Lee, S.-J. Park, and D.-S. Lee, “A self-assembled Ag nanoparticle agglomeration process on graphene for enhanced light output in GaN-based LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(25), 255201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, and J. P. Simonato, “Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: A review,” Nanotechnology 24(45), 452001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (2)

J. H. Chen, C. Jang, S. D. Xiao, M. Ishigami, and M. S. Fuhrer, “Intrinsic and extrinsic performance limits of graphene devices on SiO2.,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 206–209 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty, S. Piscanec, S. K. Saha, U. V. Waghmare, K. S. Novoselov, H. R. Krishnamurthy, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and A. K. Sood, “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(4), 210–215 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

T. M. G. Mohiuddin, A. Lombardo, R. R. Nair, A. Bonetti, G. Savini, R. Jalil, N. Bonini, D. M. Basko, C. Galiotis, N. Marzari, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and A. C. Ferrari, “Uniaxial strain in graphene by Raman spectroscopy: G peak splitting, Gruneisen parameters, and sample orientation,” Phys. Rev. B 79(20), 205433 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sci Rep (1)

N. Gao, K. Huang, J. Li, S. Li, X. Yang, and J. Kang, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced deep-UV light emitting diodes based on AlGaN multi-quantum wells,” Sci Rep 2, 816 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of a UV-LED with AgNWs decorated graphene electrode (ADGE) as a transparent and current spreading electrode.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SEM images of AgNW networks on polished sapphire substrate deposited by spin coating at (a) 100, (b) 500, (c) 1000, (d) 1500, and (e) 2000 rpm. (f) Optical transmittance and (g) sheet resistance of respective samples shown in (a) to (e).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 SEM images of (a) graphene electrode and (b) ADGE on p-GaN epilayer in a UV-LED structure, and (c) Raman spectra of respective samples. The inset to Fig. 3 (a) is the electron diffraction image of graphene.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Transmittance spectra of graphene and ADGE. (b) I-V characteristics of graphene and ADGE contacts on p-GaN, measured between adjacent pads with a gap spacing of 5 µm. The inset shows the sheet resistance of graphene electrode and ADGE.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) I-V characteristics and (b) EL spectra of UV-LEDs with graphene, AgNWs, and AgNWs-coated-graphene electrodes. (c) EL images of respective LEDs at an injection current of 20 mA.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Transmittance and sheet resistance (Rsh) of similar electrode materials reported in the literature.

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