Abstract

A Yb/Ce/P (ytterbium/cerium/phosphorus) co-doped 20/400 µm fluoroaluminosilicate double clad fiber is fabricated by conventional modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) technology and solution doping process. The measurement shows the fiber core is doped with ∼0.21 mol% Yb2O3, ∼0.05 mol% Ce2O3, ∼0.83 mol% P2O5, ∼0.37 mol% SiF4 and ∼1.61 mol% Al2O3, respectively. Through co-doping a certain concentration of Ce2O3, P2O5, SiF4 and Al2O3 in the fiber core, it is found that the Yb/Ce/P co-doped 20/400 µm fluoroaluminosilicate fiber shows excellent photodarkening (PD) suppression, and PD loss is about 0 dB/m at 633 nm. Based on an all-fiber laser oscillator system and pumped directly by 915 nm laser diodes, a 1.9 kW laser at 1080 nm is achieved with slope efficiency is about 77.1% (pumped at 915 nm), and the beam factor of M2 is 1.32, which clearly reveals that the Yb/Ce/P co-doped fluoroaluminosilicate fiber is a promising candidate for laser applications with enhanced PD resistivity.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2020 (1)

2019 (3)

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. Zhao, W. H. Li, J. M. Li, G. Y. Zhou, and J. Y. Li, “Elimination of the Photodarkening Effect in an Yb-Doped Fiber Laser With Deuterium,” J. Lightwave Technol. 37(13), 3021–3026 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, C. Y. Shao, C. L. Yu, S. K. Wang, L. Zhang, G. J. Gao, and L. L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (3)

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Li, K. Peng, H. Zhan, S. Liu, L. Ni, Y. Y. Wang, J. Yu, X. L. Wang, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-doped aluminophosphosilicate ternary fiber with high efficiency and excellent laser stability,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 7–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. H. Xie, C. Y. Shao, M. Wang, Q. L. Zhou, F. G. Lou, W. B. Xu, C. L. Yu, S. Y. Feng, and L. L. Hu, “Photodarkening-resistance improvement of Yb3+/Al3+ co-doped silica fibers fabricated via sol-gel method,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28506–28516 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

N. Zhao, Y. Liu, M. Li, J. Li, J. Peng, L. Yang, N. Dai, H. Li, and J. Li, “Mitigation of photodarkening effect in Yb-doped fiber through Na+ ions doping,” Opt. Express 25(15), 18191–18196 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi A 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

2015 (3)

2013 (3)

2012 (3)

Y. B. Sheng, L. Y. Yang, H. X. Luan, Z. J. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Y. Li, and N. L. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater. 427(1-3), 58–61 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening kinetics as a function of Yb concentration and the role of Al codoping,” Appl. Opt. 51(32), 7758–7764 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

2009 (5)

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, J. Dellith, and J. Kirchhof, “Codoped materials for high power fiber lasers - Diffusion behaviour and optical properties,” Proc. SPIE 6469, 646913 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

J. J. Koponen, M. J. Söderlund, and S. K. T. Tammela, “Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5990(12), 599008 (2005).
[Crossref]

Abrate, S.

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

Agnello, S.

D. Di Francesca, S. Girard, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, C. Marcandella, P. Paillet, N. Richard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and F. M. Gelardi, “Radiation Response of Ce-Codoped Germanosilicate and Phosphosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 63(4), 2058–2064 (2016).
[Crossref]

Alessi, A.

D. Di Francesca, S. Girard, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, C. Marcandella, P. Paillet, N. Richard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and F. M. Gelardi, “Radiation Response of Ce-Codoped Germanosilicate and Phosphosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 63(4), 2058–2064 (2016).
[Crossref]

Boukenter, A.

D. Di Francesca, S. Girard, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, C. Marcandella, P. Paillet, N. Richard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and F. M. Gelardi, “Radiation Response of Ce-Codoped Germanosilicate and Phosphosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 63(4), 2058–2064 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bubnov, M. M.

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

Cadier, B.

Chen, D.

Y. Qiao, L. Wen, B. Wu, J. Ren, D. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Preparation and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb–Al-codoped high silica glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 107(2-3), 488–491 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

Dai, N.

Dai, N. L.

N. Zhao, Y. B. Xing, J. M. Li, L. Liao, Y. B. Wang, J. G. Peng, L. Y. Yang, N. L. Dai, H. Q. Li, and J. Y. Li, “793 nm pump induced photo-bleaching of photo-darkened Yb3+-doped fibers,” Opt. Express 23(19), 25272–25278 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. B. Sheng, L. Y. Yang, H. X. Luan, Z. J. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Y. Li, and N. L. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater. 427(1-3), 58–61 (2012).
[Crossref]

Das, S.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi A 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dellith, J.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, J. Dellith, and J. Kirchhof, “Codoped materials for high power fiber lasers - Diffusion behaviour and optical properties,” Proc. SPIE 6469, 646913 (2007).
[Crossref]

Deschamps, T.

T. Deschamps, H. Vezin, C. Gonnet, and N. Ollier, “Evidence of AlOHC responsible for the radiation-induced darkening in Yb doped fiber,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8382–8392 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dhar, A.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi A 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

Di Francesca, D.

D. Di Francesca, S. Girard, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, C. Marcandella, P. Paillet, N. Richard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and F. M. Gelardi, “Radiation Response of Ce-Codoped Germanosilicate and Phosphosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 63(4), 2058–2064 (2016).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Dutta, D.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi A 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

Engholm, M.

Feng, S. Y.

Gao, G. J.

F. Wang, C. Y. Shao, C. L. Yu, S. K. Wang, L. Zhang, G. J. Gao, and L. L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

Gao, Q.

Gebavi, H.

Gelardi, F. M.

D. Di Francesca, S. Girard, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, C. Marcandella, P. Paillet, N. Richard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and F. M. Gelardi, “Radiation Response of Ce-Codoped Germanosilicate and Phosphosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 63(4), 2058–2064 (2016).
[Crossref]

Girard, S.

D. Di Francesca, S. Girard, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, C. Marcandella, P. Paillet, N. Richard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and F. M. Gelardi, “Radiation Response of Ce-Codoped Germanosilicate and Phosphosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 63(4), 2058–2064 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gonnet, C.

T. Deschamps, H. Vezin, C. Gonnet, and N. Ollier, “Evidence of AlOHC responsible for the radiation-induced darkening in Yb doped fiber,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8382–8392 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A. N.

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hoffman, H. J.

Honkanen, S.

Hotoleanu, M.

Hou, C.

Hu, L. L.

F. Wang, C. Y. Shao, C. L. Yu, S. K. Wang, L. Zhang, G. J. Gao, and L. L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. H. Xie, C. Y. Shao, M. Wang, Q. L. Zhou, F. G. Lou, W. B. Xu, C. L. Yu, S. Y. Feng, and L. L. Hu, “Photodarkening-resistance improvement of Yb3+/Al3+ co-doped silica fibers fabricated via sol-gel method,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28506–28516 (2018).
[Crossref]

Iho, A.

J. Koponen, M. Laurila, M. Soderlund, J. Ponsoda, and A. Iho, “Benchmarking and measuring photodarkening in Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950R (2009).
[Crossref]

Jager, M.

Jauregui, C.

Jelger, P.

Jetschke, S.

Jiang, J. L.

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

Jing, F.

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Li, K. Peng, H. Zhan, S. Liu, L. Ni, Y. Y. Wang, J. Yu, X. L. Wang, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-doped aluminophosphosilicate ternary fiber with high efficiency and excellent laser stability,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 7–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kir’yanov, A. V.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi A 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kirchhof, J.

Kliner, D. A.

Koplow, J. P.

Koponen, J.

J. Koponen, M. Laurila, M. Soderlund, J. Ponsoda, and A. Iho, “Benchmarking and measuring photodarkening in Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950R (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. A. Kliner, J. P. Koplow, and M. Hotoleanu, “Photodarkening rate in Yb-doped silica fibers,” Appl. Opt. 47(9), 1247–1256 (2008).
[Crossref]

Koponen, J. J.

J. J. Koponen, M. J. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, and S. K. Tammela, “Measuring photodarkening from single-mode ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11539–11544 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. J. Koponen, M. J. Söderlund, and S. K. T. Tammela, “Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5990(12), 599008 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lablonde, L.

Laurell, F.

Laurila, M.

J. Koponen, M. Laurila, M. Soderlund, J. Ponsoda, and A. Iho, “Benchmarking and measuring photodarkening in Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950R (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. W.

Leich, M.

Li, G.

Li, H.

Li, H. Q.

Li, J.

Li, J. M.

Li, J. Y.

Li, M.

Li, W.

Li, W. H.

Li, Y. W.

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Li, K. Peng, H. Zhan, S. Liu, L. Ni, Y. Y. Wang, J. Yu, X. L. Wang, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-doped aluminophosphosilicate ternary fiber with high efficiency and excellent laser stability,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 7–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Liao, L.

Likhachev, M. E.

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
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Limpert, J.

Lin, A. X.

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Li, K. Peng, H. Zhan, S. Liu, L. Ni, Y. Y. Wang, J. Yu, X. L. Wang, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-doped aluminophosphosilicate ternary fiber with high efficiency and excellent laser stability,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 7–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lipatov, D. S.

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, R.

Liu, S.

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Li, K. Peng, H. Zhan, S. Liu, L. Ni, Y. Y. Wang, J. Yu, X. L. Wang, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-doped aluminophosphosilicate ternary fiber with high efficiency and excellent laser stability,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 7–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z. J.

Y. B. Sheng, L. Y. Yang, H. X. Luan, Z. J. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Y. Li, and N. L. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater. 427(1-3), 58–61 (2012).
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Lousteau, J.

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luan, H. X.

Y. B. Sheng, L. Y. Yang, H. X. Luan, Z. J. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Y. Li, and N. L. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater. 427(1-3), 58–61 (2012).
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Marcandella, C.

D. Di Francesca, S. Girard, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, C. Marcandella, P. Paillet, N. Richard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and F. M. Gelardi, “Radiation Response of Ce-Codoped Germanosilicate and Phosphosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 63(4), 2058–2064 (2016).
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Mechin, D.

Melkumov, M. A.

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, and S. A. Smirnov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” CLEO:European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CJ3_1 (2007)

Milanese, D.

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 147–151 (2013).
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Modsching, N.

Mura, E.

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 147–151 (2013).
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Ni, L.

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Li, K. Peng, H. Zhan, S. Liu, L. Ni, Y. Y. Wang, J. Yu, X. L. Wang, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-doped aluminophosphosilicate ternary fiber with high efficiency and excellent laser stability,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 7–11 (2018).
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Norin, L.

Ollier, N.

T. Deschamps, H. Vezin, C. Gonnet, and N. Ollier, “Evidence of AlOHC responsible for the radiation-induced darkening in Yb doped fiber,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8382–8392 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Otto, H. J.

Ouerdane, Y.

D. Di Francesca, S. Girard, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, C. Marcandella, P. Paillet, N. Richard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and F. M. Gelardi, “Radiation Response of Ce-Codoped Germanosilicate and Phosphosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 63(4), 2058–2064 (2016).
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Paillet, P.

D. Di Francesca, S. Girard, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, C. Marcandella, P. Paillet, N. Richard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and F. M. Gelardi, “Radiation Response of Ce-Codoped Germanosilicate and Phosphosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 63(4), 2058–2064 (2016).
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A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi A 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
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Paul, M. C.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi A 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
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Peng, J.

Peng, J. G.

Peng, K.

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Li, K. Peng, H. Zhan, S. Liu, L. Ni, Y. Y. Wang, J. Yu, X. L. Wang, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-doped aluminophosphosilicate ternary fiber with high efficiency and excellent laser stability,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 7–11 (2018).
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M. J. Soderlund, J. Ponsoda, J. P. Koplow, and S. Honkanen, “Thermal bleaching of photodarkening-induced loss in ytterbium-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2637–2639 (2009).
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J. Koponen, M. Laurila, M. Soderlund, J. Ponsoda, and A. Iho, “Benchmarking and measuring photodarkening in Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950R (2009).
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Qiao, Y.

Y. Qiao, L. Wen, B. Wu, J. Ren, D. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Preparation and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb–Al-codoped high silica glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 107(2-3), 488–491 (2008).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

Y. Qiao, L. Wen, B. Wu, J. Ren, D. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Preparation and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb–Al-codoped high silica glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 107(2-3), 488–491 (2008).
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Reddy, P. H.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi A 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
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Reichel, V.

Ren, J.

Y. Qiao, L. Wen, B. Wu, J. Ren, D. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Preparation and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb–Al-codoped high silica glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 107(2-3), 488–491 (2008).
[Crossref]

Richard, N.

D. Di Francesca, S. Girard, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, C. Marcandella, P. Paillet, N. Richard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and F. M. Gelardi, “Radiation Response of Ce-Codoped Germanosilicate and Phosphosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 63(4), 2058–2064 (2016).
[Crossref]

Robin, T.

Ropke, U.

Schwuchow, A.

Sglavo, V. M.

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shao, C. Y.

F. Wang, C. Y. Shao, C. L. Yu, S. K. Wang, L. Zhang, G. J. Gao, and L. L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. H. Xie, C. Y. Shao, M. Wang, Q. L. Zhou, F. G. Lou, W. B. Xu, C. L. Yu, S. Y. Feng, and L. L. Hu, “Photodarkening-resistance improvement of Yb3+/Al3+ co-doped silica fibers fabricated via sol-gel method,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28506–28516 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sheng, Y. B.

Y. B. Sheng, L. Y. Yang, H. X. Luan, Z. J. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Y. Li, and N. L. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater. 427(1-3), 58–61 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, J.

Shubin, A. V.

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, and S. A. Smirnov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” CLEO:European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CJ3_1 (2007)

Siddiki, S. H.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi A 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sinha, S.

Smirnov, S. A.

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, and S. A. Smirnov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” CLEO:European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CJ3_1 (2007)

Soderlund, M.

J. Koponen, M. Laurila, M. Soderlund, J. Ponsoda, and A. Iho, “Benchmarking and measuring photodarkening in Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950R (2009).
[Crossref]

Soderlund, M. J.

Söderlund, M.

Söderlund, M. J.

J. J. Koponen, M. J. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, and S. K. Tammela, “Measuring photodarkening from single-mode ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11539–11544 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. J. Koponen, M. J. Söderlund, and S. K. T. Tammela, “Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5990(12), 599008 (2005).
[Crossref]

Stutzki, F.

Sun, S. H.

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
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Taccheo, S.

Tammela, S. K.

Tammela, S. K. T.

J. J. Koponen, M. J. Söderlund, and S. K. T. Tammela, “Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5990(12), 599008 (2005).
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Tregoat, D.

Tunnermann, A.

Unger, S.

Vezin, H.

T. Deschamps, H. Vezin, C. Gonnet, and N. Ollier, “Evidence of AlOHC responsible for the radiation-induced darkening in Yb doped fiber,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8382–8392 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, C. Y. Shao, C. L. Yu, S. K. Wang, L. Zhang, G. J. Gao, and L. L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Wang, J. J.

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Li, K. Peng, H. Zhan, S. Liu, L. Ni, Y. Y. Wang, J. Yu, X. L. Wang, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-doped aluminophosphosilicate ternary fiber with high efficiency and excellent laser stability,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 7–11 (2018).
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Wang, M.

Wang, S. K.

F. Wang, C. Y. Shao, C. L. Yu, S. K. Wang, L. Zhang, G. J. Gao, and L. L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
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Wang, X. L.

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
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Y. W. Li, K. Peng, H. Zhan, S. Liu, L. Ni, Y. Y. Wang, J. Yu, X. L. Wang, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-doped aluminophosphosilicate ternary fiber with high efficiency and excellent laser stability,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 7–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. B.

Wang, Y. Y.

Y. W. Li, K. Peng, H. Zhan, S. Liu, L. Ni, Y. Y. Wang, J. Yu, X. L. Wang, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-doped aluminophosphosilicate ternary fiber with high efficiency and excellent laser stability,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 7–11 (2018).
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Wen, L.

Y. Qiao, L. Wen, B. Wu, J. Ren, D. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Preparation and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb–Al-codoped high silica glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 107(2-3), 488–491 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, B.

Y. Qiao, L. Wen, B. Wu, J. Ren, D. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Preparation and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb–Al-codoped high silica glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 107(2-3), 488–491 (2008).
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Xie, F. H.

Xing, Y. B.

Xu, W. B.

Yan, D.

Yang, L.

Yang, L. Y.

N. Zhao, Y. B. Xing, J. M. Li, L. Liao, Y. B. Wang, J. G. Peng, L. Y. Yang, N. L. Dai, H. Q. Li, and J. Y. Li, “793 nm pump induced photo-bleaching of photo-darkened Yb3+-doped fibers,” Opt. Express 23(19), 25272–25278 (2015).
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Y. B. Sheng, L. Y. Yang, H. X. Luan, Z. J. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Y. Li, and N. L. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater. 427(1-3), 58–61 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yashkov, M. V.

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
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A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, and S. A. Smirnov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” CLEO:European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CJ3_1 (2007)

Yu, C. L.

F. Wang, C. Y. Shao, C. L. Yu, S. K. Wang, L. Zhang, G. J. Gao, and L. L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
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F. H. Xie, C. Y. Shao, M. Wang, Q. L. Zhou, F. G. Lou, W. B. Xu, C. L. Yu, S. Y. Feng, and L. L. Hu, “Photodarkening-resistance improvement of Yb3+/Al3+ co-doped silica fibers fabricated via sol-gel method,” Opt. Express 26(22), 28506–28516 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
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Y. W. Li, K. Peng, H. Zhan, S. Liu, L. Ni, Y. Y. Wang, J. Yu, X. L. Wang, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-doped aluminophosphosilicate ternary fiber with high efficiency and excellent laser stability,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 7–11 (2018).
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Yu, Y.

Y. B. Sheng, L. Y. Yang, H. X. Luan, Z. J. Liu, Y. Yu, J. Y. Li, and N. L. Dai, “Improvement of radiation resistance by introducing CeO2 in Yb-doped silicate glasses,” J. Nucl. Mater. 427(1-3), 58–61 (2012).
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Zhan, H.

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
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Y. W. Li, K. Peng, H. Zhan, S. Liu, L. Ni, Y. Y. Wang, J. Yu, X. L. Wang, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-doped aluminophosphosilicate ternary fiber with high efficiency and excellent laser stability,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 41, 7–11 (2018).
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Zhang, L.

F. Wang, C. Y. Shao, C. L. Yu, S. K. Wang, L. Zhang, G. J. Gao, and L. L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
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L. Zhang, G. Li, W. Li, Q. Gao, Z. Li, W. Zhao, B. Zhao, and C. Hou, “KW-level low photodarkening Yb/Ce codoped aluminosilicate fiber fabricated by the chelate gas phase deposition technique,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(11), 3558–3564 (2016).
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Zhao, B.

Zhao, N.

Zhao, W.

Zhou, G. Y.

Zhou, Q. L.

Zhu, Q.

Zhu, R. H.

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

S. Liu, H. Zhan, K. Peng, S. H. Sun, Y. W. Li, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, J. L. Jiang, J. Yu, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Triple-Clad Laser Fiber With High Efficiency and Excellent Laser Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–10 (2019).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (1)

D. Di Francesca, S. Girard, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, C. Marcandella, P. Paillet, N. Richard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and F. M. Gelardi, “Radiation Response of Ce-Codoped Germanosilicate and Phosphosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 63(4), 2058–2064 (2016).
[Crossref]

Inorg. Mater. (1)

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Wang, C. Y. Shao, C. L. Yu, S. K. Wang, L. Zhang, G. J. Gao, and L. L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experiment setup of PD measurement
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experiment setup of the laser system
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Cross section and (b) Refractive index of Yb/Ce/P co-doped 20/400 µm fluoroaluminosilicate fiber
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Radial concentration profiles of Yb/Ce/P co-doped 20/400 µm fluoroaluminosilicate fiber core: (a) Yb2O3 and Ce2O3, (b) P2O5 and Al2O3, and (c) SiF4.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Pump absorption spectrum (a) and Core background attenuation spectrum (b) of the Yb/Ce/P co-doped 20/400 µm fluoroaluminosilicate fiber
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. PD induced temporal excess loss at 633 nm under 976 nm pumping of Yb-doped, Yb/Ce co-doped, and Yb/Ce/P co-doped 20/400 µm fluoroaluminosilicate double clad fiber.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Laser performance at 1.9 kW: (a) Slop efficiency; (b) Laser spectrum; and (c) Beam profile and M2 of output power.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Long-term power stability of laser system setup at 1.9 kW.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Comparison of doping concentrations with different optical fibers

Equations (1)

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Δ n = 0 .0067 ( C Yb2O3 + C Ce2O3 ) + 0.00215 ( C Al2O3 C P2O5 ) 0.00017 C P2O5 0.0050 C SiF4

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