Abstract

We report a Yb-doped 25/400 phosphosilicate binary fiber with a pedestal structure by conventional modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) technology and solution doping process. Through Ge-doped raised fiber cladding, the fiber provides a low 0.054 core NA. The core dopant concentration of Yb2O3 and P2O5 is estimated to be 0.48 mol% and 7.4 mol%, respectively. It is found that the Yb-doped phosphosilicate binary fiber shows very low photodarkening loss of 3.7 dB/m at 633 nm, and emission spectrum also shows obvious blue shift. Tested in an all-fiber master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) system, more than 3.2 kW laser at 1046 nm is achieved with a suitable 976 nm pump power injected, the slope efficiency is about 85.8%, and the beam factor of M2 is 1.79.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2019 (1)

2018 (4)

Y. Y. Wang, C. Gao, X. Tang, H. Zhan, K. Peng, L. Ni, S. Liu, Y. W. Li, C. Guo, X. L. Wang, L. H. Zhang, J. Yu, L. Jiang, H. H. Lin, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “30/900 Yb-doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber Presenting 6.85-kW Laser Output Pumped With Commercial 976-nm Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3396–3402 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Sidharthan, J. H. Ji, K. J. Lim, S. H. Lim, H. Z. Li, J. W. Lua, Y. N. Zhou, C. H. Tse, D. Ho, Y. M. Seng, S. L. Chua, and S. Yoo, “Step-index high-absorption Yb-doped large-mode-area fiber with Ge-doped raised cladding,” Opt. Lett. 43(23), 5897–5900 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “Mode instability in high power all-fiber amplifier with large-mode-area gain fiber,” Opt. Commun. 396, 123–126 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. M. Wang, C. Li, and D. P. Yan, “High power composite cavity fiber laser oscillator at 1120 nm,” Opt. Commun. 405, 318–322 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “Influence of the fiber Bragg gratings with different reflective bandwidths in high power all-fiber laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 383, 355–358 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “High power all-fiber amplifier with different seed power injection,” Opt. Express 24(13), 14463–14469 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Saha, S. Das Chowdhury, N. K. Shekhar, A. Pal, M. Pal, C. Guha, and R. Sen, “Yb-Doped Pedestal Silica Fiber Through Vapor Phase Doping for Pulsed Laser Applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 1022–1025 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (1)

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High Power Fiber Lasers: A Review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

J. H. Wang, G. Chen, L. Zhang, J. M. Hu, J. Y. Li, B. He, J. B. Chen, X. J. Gu, J. Zhou, and Y. Feng, “High-efficiency fiber laser at 1018 nm using Yb-doped phosphosilicate fiber,” Appl. Opt. 51(29), 7130–7133 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

S. Yoo, A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, A. Dhar, and J. K. Sahu, “Linearly polarized ytterbium-doped fiber laser in a pedestal design with aluminosilicate inner cladding,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 453–457 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “Measurement of high photodarkening resistance in heavily Yb3+-doped phosphate fibres,” Electron. Lett. 44(1), 14–15 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Dopant interactions in high-power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5723, 261–272 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3,” Quantum Electron. 34(9), 843–848 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. W. Dawson, R. Beach, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, and C. P. J. Barty, “Large flattened-mode optical fiber for reduction of nonlinear effects in optical fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 132–139 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, and A. Schwuchow, “Fiber lasers: Materials, structures and technologies,” Proc. SPIE 4957, 1–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Sanchez, A. K. Goyal, R. L. Aggarwal, S. J. Augst, and T. Y. Fan, “Wavelength beam combining of ytterbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 28(5), 331–333 (2003).
[Crossref]

Abramov, M.

A. Ferin, M. Abramov, M. O’Connor, V. Fomin, and V. Gapontsev, “Power Scaling of SM Fiber Lasers toward 10 kW,” CLEO: Lasers & Electro-optics, CThA3 (2013).

Abrate, S.

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

Aggarwal, R. L.

Augst, S. J.

Barty, C. P. J.

J. W. Dawson, R. Beach, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, and C. P. J. Barty, “Large flattened-mode optical fiber for reduction of nonlinear effects in optical fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 132–139 (2004).
[Crossref]

Beach, R.

J. W. Dawson, R. Beach, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, and C. P. J. Barty, “Large flattened-mode optical fiber for reduction of nonlinear effects in optical fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 132–139 (2004).
[Crossref]

Boyland, A. J.

S. Yoo, A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, A. Dhar, and J. K. Sahu, “Linearly polarized ytterbium-doped fiber laser in a pedestal design with aluminosilicate inner cladding,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 453–457 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bubnov, M. M.

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bufetov, I. A.

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3,” Quantum Electron. 34(9), 843–848 (2004).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “Measurement of high photodarkening resistance in heavily Yb3+-doped phosphate fibres,” Electron. Lett. 44(1), 14–15 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “20 W single-mode Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3255–3257 (2006).
[Crossref]

Carmody, N.

Carter, A.

Chen, G.

Chen, J. B.

Chua, S. L.

Codemard, C. A.

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High Power Fiber Lasers: A Review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Corena, L.

Daniel, J. M. O.

Das Chowdhury, S.

M. Saha, S. Das Chowdhury, N. K. Shekhar, A. Pal, M. Pal, C. Guha, and R. Sen, “Yb-Doped Pedestal Silica Fiber Through Vapor Phase Doping for Pulsed Laser Applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 1022–1025 (2016).
[Crossref]

Davidson, A.

Dawson, J. W.

J. W. Dawson, R. Beach, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, and C. P. J. Barty, “Large flattened-mode optical fiber for reduction of nonlinear effects in optical fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 132–139 (2004).
[Crossref]

Deschamps, T.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dhar, A.

S. Yoo, A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, A. Dhar, and J. K. Sahu, “Linearly polarized ytterbium-doped fiber laser in a pedestal design with aluminosilicate inner cladding,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 453–457 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3,” Quantum Electron. 34(9), 843–848 (2004).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “Measurement of high photodarkening resistance in heavily Yb3+-doped phosphate fibres,” Electron. Lett. 44(1), 14–15 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “20 W single-mode Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3255–3257 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fan, T. Y.

Farley, K.

Feng, Y.

Ferin, A.

A. Ferin, M. Abramov, M. O’Connor, V. Fomin, and V. Gapontsev, “Power Scaling of SM Fiber Lasers toward 10 kW,” CLEO: Lasers & Electro-optics, CThA3 (2013).

Fomin, V.

A. Ferin, M. Abramov, M. O’Connor, V. Fomin, and V. Gapontsev, “Power Scaling of SM Fiber Lasers toward 10 kW,” CLEO: Lasers & Electro-optics, CThA3 (2013).

Gao, C.

Gapontsev, V.

A. Ferin, M. Abramov, M. O’Connor, V. Fomin, and V. Gapontsev, “Power Scaling of SM Fiber Lasers toward 10 kW,” CLEO: Lasers & Electro-optics, CThA3 (2013).

Gonnet, C.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Goyal, A. K.

Gu, X. J.

Guha, C.

M. Saha, S. Das Chowdhury, N. K. Shekhar, A. Pal, M. Pal, C. Guha, and R. Sen, “Yb-Doped Pedestal Silica Fiber Through Vapor Phase Doping for Pulsed Laser Applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 1022–1025 (2016).
[Crossref]

Guo, C.

Guryanov, A. N.

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
[Crossref]

Haub, J.

He, B.

Hemming, A. V.

Ho, D.

Hoffman, H. J.

Hu, J. M.

Huang, B.

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “Mode instability in high power all-fiber amplifier with large-mode-area gain fiber,” Opt. Commun. 396, 123–126 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “Influence of the fiber Bragg gratings with different reflective bandwidths in high power all-fiber laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 383, 355–358 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “High power all-fiber amplifier with different seed power injection,” Opt. Express 24(13), 14463–14469 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hughes, M.

Jauregui, C.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jetschke, S.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Dopant interactions in high-power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5723, 261–272 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ji, J. H.

Jiang, L.

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Wang, C. Gao, X. Tang, H. Zhan, K. Peng, L. Ni, S. Liu, Y. W. Li, C. Guo, X. L. Wang, L. H. Zhang, J. Yu, L. Jiang, H. H. Lin, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “30/900 Yb-doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber Presenting 6.85-kW Laser Output Pumped With Commercial 976-nm Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3396–3402 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “Measurement of high photodarkening resistance in heavily Yb3+-doped phosphate fibres,” Electron. Lett. 44(1), 14–15 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “20 W single-mode Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3255–3257 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jing, F.

Y. Y. Wang, C. Gao, X. Tang, H. Zhan, K. Peng, L. Ni, S. Liu, Y. W. Li, C. Guo, X. L. Wang, L. H. Zhang, J. Yu, L. Jiang, H. H. Lin, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “30/900 Yb-doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber Presenting 6.85-kW Laser Output Pumped With Commercial 976-nm Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3396–3402 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jovanovic, I.

J. W. Dawson, R. Beach, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, and C. P. J. Barty, “Large flattened-mode optical fiber for reduction of nonlinear effects in optical fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 132–139 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kirchhof, J.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Dopant interactions in high-power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5723, 261–272 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, and A. Schwuchow, “Fiber lasers: Materials, structures and technologies,” Proc. SPIE 4957, 1–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

Knappe, B.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Dopant interactions in high-power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5723, 261–272 (2005).
[Crossref]

Koponen, J. J.

Kravtsov, K. S.

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3,” Quantum Electron. 34(9), 843–848 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. W.

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “Measurement of high photodarkening resistance in heavily Yb3+-doped phosphate fibres,” Electron. Lett. 44(1), 14–15 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “20 W single-mode Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3255–3257 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “Mode instability in high power all-fiber amplifier with large-mode-area gain fiber,” Opt. Commun. 396, 123–126 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “Influence of the fiber Bragg gratings with different reflective bandwidths in high power all-fiber laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 383, 355–358 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. M. Wang, C. Li, and D. P. Yan, “High power composite cavity fiber laser oscillator at 1120 nm,” Opt. Commun. 405, 318–322 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “High power all-fiber amplifier with different seed power injection,” Opt. Express 24(13), 14463–14469 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, H. Z.

Li, J. Y.

Li, Y. W.

Y. Y. Wang, C. Gao, X. Tang, H. Zhan, K. Peng, L. Ni, S. Liu, Y. W. Li, C. Guo, X. L. Wang, L. H. Zhang, J. Yu, L. Jiang, H. H. Lin, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “30/900 Yb-doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber Presenting 6.85-kW Laser Output Pumped With Commercial 976-nm Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3396–3402 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

Likhachev, M. E.

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lim, K. J.

Lim, S. H.

Limpert, J.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, A. X.

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Wang, C. Gao, X. Tang, H. Zhan, K. Peng, L. Ni, S. Liu, Y. W. Li, C. Guo, X. L. Wang, L. H. Zhang, J. Yu, L. Jiang, H. H. Lin, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “30/900 Yb-doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber Presenting 6.85-kW Laser Output Pumped With Commercial 976-nm Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3396–3402 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lin, H. H.

Lipatov, D. S.

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Wang, C. Gao, X. Tang, H. Zhan, K. Peng, L. Ni, S. Liu, Y. W. Li, C. Guo, X. L. Wang, L. H. Zhang, J. Yu, L. Jiang, H. H. Lin, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “30/900 Yb-doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber Presenting 6.85-kW Laser Output Pumped With Commercial 976-nm Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3396–3402 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lousteau, J.

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lua, J. W.

Mansuripur, M.

Melkumov, M. A.

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3,” Quantum Electron. 34(9), 843–848 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, and S. A. Smirnov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” CLEO:European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CJ3_1 (2007)

Milanese, D.

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mura, E.

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ni, L.

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Wang, C. Gao, X. Tang, H. Zhan, K. Peng, L. Ni, S. Liu, Y. W. Li, C. Guo, X. L. Wang, L. H. Zhang, J. Yu, L. Jiang, H. H. Lin, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “30/900 Yb-doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber Presenting 6.85-kW Laser Output Pumped With Commercial 976-nm Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3396–3402 (2018).
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Ollier, N.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
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M. Saha, S. Das Chowdhury, N. K. Shekhar, A. Pal, M. Pal, C. Guha, and R. Sen, “Yb-Doped Pedestal Silica Fiber Through Vapor Phase Doping for Pulsed Laser Applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 1022–1025 (2016).
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Pal, M.

M. Saha, S. Das Chowdhury, N. K. Shekhar, A. Pal, M. Pal, C. Guha, and R. Sen, “Yb-Doped Pedestal Silica Fiber Through Vapor Phase Doping for Pulsed Laser Applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 1022–1025 (2016).
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S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Wang, C. Gao, X. Tang, H. Zhan, K. Peng, L. Ni, S. Liu, Y. W. Li, C. Guo, X. L. Wang, L. H. Zhang, J. Yu, L. Jiang, H. H. Lin, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “30/900 Yb-doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber Presenting 6.85-kW Laser Output Pumped With Commercial 976-nm Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3396–3402 (2018).
[Crossref]

Polynkin, P.

Ranka, J. K.

Saha, M.

M. Saha, S. Das Chowdhury, N. K. Shekhar, A. Pal, M. Pal, C. Guha, and R. Sen, “Yb-Doped Pedestal Silica Fiber Through Vapor Phase Doping for Pulsed Laser Applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 1022–1025 (2016).
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Sahu, J. K.

S. Yoo, A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, A. Dhar, and J. K. Sahu, “Linearly polarized ytterbium-doped fiber laser in a pedestal design with aluminosilicate inner cladding,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 453–457 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sanchez, A.

Schwuchow, A.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Dopant interactions in high-power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5723, 261–272 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, and A. Schwuchow, “Fiber lasers: Materials, structures and technologies,” Proc. SPIE 4957, 1–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sen, R.

M. Saha, S. Das Chowdhury, N. K. Shekhar, A. Pal, M. Pal, C. Guha, and R. Sen, “Yb-Doped Pedestal Silica Fiber Through Vapor Phase Doping for Pulsed Laser Applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 1022–1025 (2016).
[Crossref]

Seng, Y. M.

Sglavo, V. M.

E. Mura, J. Lousteau, D. Milanese, S. Abrate, and V. M. Sglavo, “Phosphate glasses for optical fibers: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 147–151 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shekhar, N. K.

M. Saha, S. Das Chowdhury, N. K. Shekhar, A. Pal, M. Pal, C. Guha, and R. Sen, “Yb-Doped Pedestal Silica Fiber Through Vapor Phase Doping for Pulsed Laser Applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 1022–1025 (2016).
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B. Shiner, “The Impact of Fiber Laser Technology on the World Wide Material Processing Market,” CLEO: Applications and Technology, AF2J.1 (2013).

Shubin, A. V.

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3,” Quantum Electron. 34(9), 843–848 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, and S. A. Smirnov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” CLEO:European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CJ3_1 (2007)

Sidharthan, R.

Simakov, N.

Sinha, S.

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “Measurement of high photodarkening resistance in heavily Yb3+-doped phosphate fibres,” Electron. Lett. 44(1), 14–15 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “20 W single-mode Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3255–3257 (2006).
[Crossref]

Smirnov, S. A.

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, and S. A. Smirnov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” CLEO:European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CJ3_1 (2007)

Söderlund, M. J.

Standish, R. J.

S. Yoo, A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, A. Dhar, and J. K. Sahu, “Linearly polarized ytterbium-doped fiber laser in a pedestal design with aluminosilicate inner cladding,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 453–457 (2011).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, D.

Tammela, S. K.

Tang, X.

Tse, C. H.

Tunnermann, A.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

Unger, S.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Dopant interactions in high-power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5723, 261–272 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, and A. Schwuchow, “Fiber lasers: Materials, structures and technologies,” Proc. SPIE 4957, 1–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

Vezin, H.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “Influence of the fiber Bragg gratings with different reflective bandwidths in high power all-fiber laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 383, 355–358 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “Mode instability in high power all-fiber amplifier with large-mode-area gain fiber,” Opt. Commun. 396, 123–126 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “High power all-fiber amplifier with different seed power injection,” Opt. Express 24(13), 14463–14469 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. H.

Wang, J. J.

Y. Y. Wang, C. Gao, X. Tang, H. Zhan, K. Peng, L. Ni, S. Liu, Y. W. Li, C. Guo, X. L. Wang, L. H. Zhang, J. Yu, L. Jiang, H. H. Lin, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “30/900 Yb-doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber Presenting 6.85-kW Laser Output Pumped With Commercial 976-nm Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3396–3402 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. M.

J. M. Wang, C. Li, and D. P. Yan, “High power composite cavity fiber laser oscillator at 1120 nm,” Opt. Commun. 405, 318–322 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, X. L.

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Wang, C. Gao, X. Tang, H. Zhan, K. Peng, L. Ni, S. Liu, Y. W. Li, C. Guo, X. L. Wang, L. H. Zhang, J. Yu, L. Jiang, H. H. Lin, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “30/900 Yb-doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber Presenting 6.85-kW Laser Output Pumped With Commercial 976-nm Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3396–3402 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Wang, C. Gao, X. Tang, H. Zhan, K. Peng, L. Ni, S. Liu, Y. W. Li, C. Guo, X. L. Wang, L. H. Zhang, J. Yu, L. Jiang, H. H. Lin, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “30/900 Yb-doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber Presenting 6.85-kW Laser Output Pumped With Commercial 976-nm Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3396–3402 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
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J. W. Dawson, R. Beach, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, and C. P. J. Barty, “Large flattened-mode optical fiber for reduction of nonlinear effects in optical fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5335, 132–139 (2004).
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Webb, A. S.

S. Yoo, A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, A. Dhar, and J. K. Sahu, “Linearly polarized ytterbium-doped fiber laser in a pedestal design with aluminosilicate inner cladding,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 453–457 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xiong, S.

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “Mode instability in high power all-fiber amplifier with large-mode-area gain fiber,” Opt. Commun. 396, 123–126 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “Influence of the fiber Bragg gratings with different reflective bandwidths in high power all-fiber laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 383, 355–358 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “High power all-fiber amplifier with different seed power injection,” Opt. Express 24(13), 14463–14469 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yan, D.

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “Influence of the fiber Bragg gratings with different reflective bandwidths in high power all-fiber laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 383, 355–358 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “Mode instability in high power all-fiber amplifier with large-mode-area gain fiber,” Opt. Commun. 396, 123–126 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, D. Yan, S. Xiong, B. Huang, and C. Li, “High power all-fiber amplifier with different seed power injection,” Opt. Express 24(13), 14463–14469 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yan, D. P.

J. M. Wang, C. Li, and D. P. Yan, “High power composite cavity fiber laser oscillator at 1120 nm,” Opt. Commun. 405, 318–322 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yashkov, M. V.

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, and S. A. Smirnov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” CLEO:European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CJ3_1 (2007)

Yoda, H.

Yoo, S.

R. Sidharthan, J. H. Ji, K. J. Lim, S. H. Lim, H. Z. Li, J. W. Lua, Y. N. Zhou, C. H. Tse, D. Ho, Y. M. Seng, S. L. Chua, and S. Yoo, “Step-index high-absorption Yb-doped large-mode-area fiber with Ge-doped raised cladding,” Opt. Lett. 43(23), 5897–5900 (2018).
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S. Yoo, A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, A. Dhar, and J. K. Sahu, “Linearly polarized ytterbium-doped fiber laser in a pedestal design with aluminosilicate inner cladding,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 453–457 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Wang, C. Gao, X. Tang, H. Zhan, K. Peng, L. Ni, S. Liu, Y. W. Li, C. Guo, X. L. Wang, L. H. Zhang, J. Yu, L. Jiang, H. H. Lin, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “30/900 Yb-doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber Presenting 6.85-kW Laser Output Pumped With Commercial 976-nm Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3396–3402 (2018).
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Zervas, M. N.

M. N. Zervas, “Transverse mode instability, thermal lensing and power scaling in Yb3+-doped high-power fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express 27(13), 19019–19041 (2019).
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M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High Power Fiber Lasers: A Review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhan, H.

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Wang, C. Gao, X. Tang, H. Zhan, K. Peng, L. Ni, S. Liu, Y. W. Li, C. Guo, X. L. Wang, L. H. Zhang, J. Yu, L. Jiang, H. H. Lin, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “30/900 Yb-doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber Presenting 6.85-kW Laser Output Pumped With Commercial 976-nm Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3396–3402 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, L. H.

Zhou, J.

Zhou, Y. N.

Zhu, R. H.

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. W. Lee, S. Sinha, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “Measurement of high photodarkening resistance in heavily Yb3+-doped phosphate fibres,” Electron. Lett. 44(1), 14–15 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High Power Fiber Lasers: A Review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

S. Liu, K. Peng, H. Zhan, L. Ni, X. L. Wang, Y. Y. Wang, Y. W. Li, J. Yu, L. Jiang, R. H. Zhu, J. J. Wang, F. Jing, and A. X. Lin, “3 kW 20/400 Yb-Doped Aluminophosphosilicate Fiber With High Stability,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(4), 1–8 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Saha, S. Das Chowdhury, N. K. Shekhar, A. Pal, M. Pal, C. Guha, and R. Sen, “Yb-Doped Pedestal Silica Fiber Through Vapor Phase Doping for Pulsed Laser Applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(9), 1022–1025 (2016).
[Crossref]

Inorg. Mater. (1)

D. S. Lipatov, A. N. Guryanov, M. V. Yashkov, M. M. Bubnov, and M. E. Likhachev, “Fabrication of Yb2O3-Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 Optical Fibers with a Perfect Step-Index Profile by the MCVD Process,” Inorg. Mater. 54(3), 276–282 (2018).
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J. Chem. Phys. (1)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic diagram of MOPA laser set-up. (LDs: laser diodes; CMS: cladding mode stripper; QBH: quartz block holder; PM: power meter.)
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Cross section and (b) Refractive index of Yb-doped phosphosilicate fiber.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Radial concentration profiles of 25/400 Yb-doped phosphosilicate fiber: (a) core: P2O5 and Yb2O3; and (b) pedestal structure: GeO2.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Absorption spectrum, (b) Absorption and emission cross-section and (c) Photodarkening -induced temporal excess loss at 633 nm under 976 nm pumping of Yb-doped phosphosilicate fiber.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Output power of the all-fiber laser amplifier with a suitable 976 nm pump power injected.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Spectrums of the all-fiber laser amplifier at: (a) 500 W seed light and 3.2 kW output laser of Yb-doped 25/400 phosphosilicate binary fiber, (b) 1.7 kW and 2.2 kW output laser of commercial Yb-doped 25/400 aluminosilicate fiber.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Laser beam quality result of the all-fiber laser amplifier at a power of 3.2 kW.

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