Abstract

We introduce a spin–flip model for a vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser (VECSEL) with a saturable absorber. We demonstrate the possibility, due to the spin–flip dynamics, to generate two orthogonally linearly polarized frequency combs in the mode-locked regime. The two combs are shifted in wavelength due to the birefringence in the VECSEL gain and/or saturable absorption mirror. We show that the polarization degree of freedom may also lead to several pulses being generated per roundtrip in the two orthogonal linear polarizations and to more complicated dynamics with both linear polarizations excited.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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