Abstract

We propose a black phosphorus-spacer-metallic grating hybrid system to investigate the strong coupling between black phosphorus surface plasmons (BPSP) and magnetic plasmons (MP) at far-infrared frequencies. We theoretically and numerically illustrate interactions between the BPSP mode and MP mode in the coupling regime, which leads to a prominent Rabi splitting and the formation of multiple hybrid modes. Since the mechanisms of the two resonance modes are completely different, the fields in the system can be selectively localized in the spacer layer or metallic slits by regulating the coupling between such modes. Due to the strong anisotropic in-plane properties of black phosphorus (BP), the coupling between BPSP and MP modes in both armchair and zigzag directions is quite different. This work offers a new paradigm to enhance the light-matter interaction through the coupling of multiple resonance modes, and the proposed device will provide potential applications in constructing easy-to-fabricate BP-based plasmonic devices.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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