Abstract

Heavy metal pollution from industrial wastewater is an important source. A method for heavy metals determination in industrial wastewater based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) technique was studied and the on-line monitoring system that used automatic graphite enrichment and spatial plasma confinement detection was developed and field demonstrated. The limits of detection (LOD) of heavy metal elements (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) could reach several μg/L. In Tongling, the on-line heavy metal monitor was field demonstrated. The calibration curves of copper and zinc were built on site, and then on-line monitoring was conducted. The measurement results of this monitor were compared with ICP-OES and had a good correlation. The results showed that the heavy metal monitor could be used for on-line detection of heavy metals in wastewater and had a good reliability.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. N. Adhoum, L. Monser, N. Bellakhal, and J. E. Belgaied, “Treatment of electroplating wastewater containing Cu2+, Zn2+ and Cr(VI) by electrocoagulation,” J. Hazard. Mater. 112(3), 207–213 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. Y. L. Hung, T. M. Hsiung, Y. Y. Chen, Y. F. Huang, and C. C. Huang, “Colorimetric Detection of Heavy Metal Ions Using Label-Free Gold Nanoparticles and Alkanethiols,” J. Phys. Chem. 114(39), 16329–16334 (2010).
  5. K. Zinoubi, H. Majdoub, H. Barhoumi, S. Boufi, and N. Jaffrezic-Renault, “Determination of trace heavy metal ions by anodic stripping voltammetry using nanofibrillated cellulose modified electrode,” J. Electroanal. Chem. (Lausanne Switz.) 799, 70–77 (2017).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  7. G. Niu, Q. Shi, M. Xu, H. Lai, Q. Lin, K. Liu, and Y. Duan, “Dehydrated carbon coupled with laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS) for the determination of heavy metals in solutions,” Appl. Spectrosc. 69(10), 1190–1198 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. P. K. Diwakar and P. Kulkarni, “Measurement of elemental concentration of aerosols using spark emission spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 27(7), 1101–1109 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  18. C. R. Dockery, J. E. Pender, and S. R. Goode, “Speciation of chromium via laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of ion exchange polymer membranes,” Appl. Spectrosc. 59(2), 252–257 (2005).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. G. S. Senesi, D. Manzini, and O. De Pascale, “Application of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy handheld instrument to the diagnostic analysis of stone monuments,” Appl. Geochem. 96, 87–91 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  22. B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Spatial confinement of laser induced plasma to enhance LIBS sensitivity for trace elements determination in soils,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 837–848 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2019 (1)

L.-B. Guo, X. Cheng, Y. Tang, S.-S. Tang, Z.-Q. Hao, X.-Y. Li, Y.-F. Lu, and X.-Y. Zeng, “Improvement of spectral intensity and resolution with fiber laser for on-stream slurry analysis in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 152, 38–43 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (2)

G. S. Senesi, D. Manzini, and O. De Pascale, “Application of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy handheld instrument to the diagnostic analysis of stone monuments,” Appl. Geochem. 96, 87–91 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Rehan, M. Z. Khan, K. Rehan, A. Mateen, M. Aamar Farooque, S. Sultana, and Z. Farooq, “Determination of toxic and essential metals in rock and sea salts using pulsed nanosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 57(2), 295–301 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (4)

K. Zinoubi, H. Majdoub, H. Barhoumi, S. Boufi, and N. Jaffrezic-Renault, “Determination of trace heavy metal ions by anodic stripping voltammetry using nanofibrillated cellulose modified electrode,” J. Electroanal. Chem. (Lausanne Switz.) 799, 70–77 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. A. Davari, S. Hu, and D. Mukherjee, “Calibration-free quantitative analysis of elemental ratios in intermetallic nanoalloys and nanocomposites using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Talanta 164, 330–340 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Meng, N. Zhao, Y. Wang, M. Ma, L. Fang, Y. Gu, Y. Jia, and J. Liu, “On-line/on-site analysis of heavy metals in water and soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 137, 39–45 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Cheng, X. Yang, Z. Zhu, L. Guo, X. Li, Y. Lu, and X. Zeng, “On-stream analysis of iron ore slurry using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 56(33), 9144–9149 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

S. M. Rosolina, J. Q. Chambers, C. W. Lee, and Z. L. Xue, “Direct determination of cadmium and lead in pharmaceutical ingredients using anodic stripping voltammetry in aqueous and DMSO/water solutions,” Anal. Chim. Acta 893, 25–33 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Niu, Q. Shi, M. Xu, H. Lai, Q. Lin, K. Liu, and Y. Duan, “Dehydrated carbon coupled with laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS) for the determination of heavy metals in solutions,” Appl. Spectrosc. 69(10), 1190–1198 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

V. K. Unnikrishnan, R. Nayak, K. Aithal, V. B. Kartha, C. Santhosh, G. P. Gupta, and B. M. Suri, “Analysis of trace elements in complex matrices (soil) by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Anal. Methods 5(5), 1294–1300 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

Y. L. Hung, T. M. Hsiung, Y. Y. Chen, Y. F. Huang, and C. C. Huang, “Colorimetric Detection of Heavy Metal Ions Using Label-Free Gold Nanoparticles and Alkanethiols,” J. Phys. Chem. 114(39), 16329–16334 (2010).

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Spatial confinement of laser induced plasma to enhance LIBS sensitivity for trace elements determination in soils,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 837–848 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, H. Li, M. Liu, and R. Li, “Fast and sensitive trace metal analysis in aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using wood slice substrates,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63(1), 64–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Gaft, E. Dvir, H. Modiano, and U. Schone, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy machine for online ash analyses in coal,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63(10), 1177–1182 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Khan, Q. Cao, Y. M. Zheng, Y. Z. Huang, and Y. G. Zhu, “Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China,” Environ. Pollut. 152(3), 686–692 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

G. Hubmer, R. Kitzberger, and K. Mörwald, “Application of LIBS to the in-line process control of liquid high-alloy steel under pressure,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(2), 219–224 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. M. Díaz Pace, C. A. D’Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, and G. Bertuccelli, “Analysis of heavy metals in liquids using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy by liquid-to-solid matrix conversion,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 61(8), 929–933 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

M. Nadal, M. Schuhmacher, and J. L. Domingo, “Metal pollution of soils and vegetation in an area with petrochemical industry,” Sci. Total Environ. 321(1-3), 59–69 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Adhoum, L. Monser, N. Bellakhal, and J. E. Belgaied, “Treatment of electroplating wastewater containing Cu2+, Zn2+ and Cr(VI) by electrocoagulation,” J. Hazard. Mater. 112(3), 207–213 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

L. J. Radziemski, “From LASER to LIBS, the path of technology development,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 57(7), 1109–1113 (2002).
[Crossref]

Aamar Farooque, M.

Adhoum, N.

N. Adhoum, L. Monser, N. Bellakhal, and J. E. Belgaied, “Treatment of electroplating wastewater containing Cu2+, Zn2+ and Cr(VI) by electrocoagulation,” J. Hazard. Mater. 112(3), 207–213 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aithal, K.

V. K. Unnikrishnan, R. Nayak, K. Aithal, V. B. Kartha, C. Santhosh, G. P. Gupta, and B. M. Suri, “Analysis of trace elements in complex matrices (soil) by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Anal. Methods 5(5), 1294–1300 (2013).
[Crossref]

Barhoumi, H.

K. Zinoubi, H. Majdoub, H. Barhoumi, S. Boufi, and N. Jaffrezic-Renault, “Determination of trace heavy metal ions by anodic stripping voltammetry using nanofibrillated cellulose modified electrode,” J. Electroanal. Chem. (Lausanne Switz.) 799, 70–77 (2017).
[Crossref]

Belbèze, S.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Belgaied, J. E.

N. Adhoum, L. Monser, N. Bellakhal, and J. E. Belgaied, “Treatment of electroplating wastewater containing Cu2+, Zn2+ and Cr(VI) by electrocoagulation,” J. Hazard. Mater. 112(3), 207–213 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bellakhal, N.

N. Adhoum, L. Monser, N. Bellakhal, and J. E. Belgaied, “Treatment of electroplating wastewater containing Cu2+, Zn2+ and Cr(VI) by electrocoagulation,” J. Hazard. Mater. 112(3), 207–213 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bertuccelli, D.

D. M. Díaz Pace, C. A. D’Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, and G. Bertuccelli, “Analysis of heavy metals in liquids using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy by liquid-to-solid matrix conversion,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 61(8), 929–933 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bertuccelli, G.

D. M. Díaz Pace, C. A. D’Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, and G. Bertuccelli, “Analysis of heavy metals in liquids using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy by liquid-to-solid matrix conversion,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 61(8), 929–933 (2006).
[Crossref]

Boriachon, T.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Boufi, S.

K. Zinoubi, H. Majdoub, H. Barhoumi, S. Boufi, and N. Jaffrezic-Renault, “Determination of trace heavy metal ions by anodic stripping voltammetry using nanofibrillated cellulose modified electrode,” J. Electroanal. Chem. (Lausanne Switz.) 799, 70–77 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bousquet, B.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Brasseur, E.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Canioni, L.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cao, Q.

S. Khan, Q. Cao, Y. M. Zheng, Y. Z. Huang, and Y. G. Zhu, “Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China,” Environ. Pollut. 152(3), 686–692 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chambers, J. Q.

S. M. Rosolina, J. Q. Chambers, C. W. Lee, and Z. L. Xue, “Direct determination of cadmium and lead in pharmaceutical ingredients using anodic stripping voltammetry in aqueous and DMSO/water solutions,” Anal. Chim. Acta 893, 25–33 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. Y.

Y. L. Hung, T. M. Hsiung, Y. Y. Chen, Y. F. Huang, and C. C. Huang, “Colorimetric Detection of Heavy Metal Ions Using Label-Free Gold Nanoparticles and Alkanethiols,” J. Phys. Chem. 114(39), 16329–16334 (2010).

Chen, Z.

Z. Chen, H. Li, M. Liu, and R. Li, “Fast and sensitive trace metal analysis in aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using wood slice substrates,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63(1), 64–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cheng, X.

L.-B. Guo, X. Cheng, Y. Tang, S.-S. Tang, Z.-Q. Hao, X.-Y. Li, Y.-F. Lu, and X.-Y. Zeng, “Improvement of spectral intensity and resolution with fiber laser for on-stream slurry analysis in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 152, 38–43 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Cheng, X. Yang, Z. Zhu, L. Guo, X. Li, Y. Lu, and X. Zeng, “On-stream analysis of iron ore slurry using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 56(33), 9144–9149 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheri, M. S.

Colao, F.

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Spatial confinement of laser induced plasma to enhance LIBS sensitivity for trace elements determination in soils,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 837–848 (2010).
[Crossref]

D’Angelo, C. A.

D. M. Díaz Pace, C. A. D’Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, and G. Bertuccelli, “Analysis of heavy metals in liquids using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy by liquid-to-solid matrix conversion,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 61(8), 929–933 (2006).
[Crossref]

Davari, S. A.

S. A. Davari, S. Hu, and D. Mukherjee, “Calibration-free quantitative analysis of elemental ratios in intermetallic nanoalloys and nanocomposites using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Talanta 164, 330–340 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Pascale, O.

G. S. Senesi, D. Manzini, and O. De Pascale, “Application of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy handheld instrument to the diagnostic analysis of stone monuments,” Appl. Geochem. 96, 87–91 (2018).
[Crossref]

Diard, A.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Díaz Pace, D. M.

D. M. Díaz Pace, C. A. D’Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, and G. Bertuccelli, “Analysis of heavy metals in liquids using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy by liquid-to-solid matrix conversion,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 61(8), 929–933 (2006).
[Crossref]

Diwakar, P. K.

P. K. Diwakar and P. Kulkarni, “Measurement of elemental concentration of aerosols using spark emission spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 27(7), 1101–1109 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dockery, C. R.

Domingo, J. L.

M. Nadal, M. Schuhmacher, and J. L. Domingo, “Metal pollution of soils and vegetation in an area with petrochemical industry,” Sci. Total Environ. 321(1-3), 59–69 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, Y.

Dvir, E.

M. Gaft, E. Dvir, H. Modiano, and U. Schone, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy machine for online ash analyses in coal,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63(10), 1177–1182 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fang, L.

D. Meng, N. Zhao, Y. Wang, M. Ma, L. Fang, Y. Gu, Y. Jia, and J. Liu, “On-line/on-site analysis of heavy metals in water and soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 137, 39–45 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fantoni, R.

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Spatial confinement of laser induced plasma to enhance LIBS sensitivity for trace elements determination in soils,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 837–848 (2010).
[Crossref]

Farooq, Z.

Gaft, M.

M. Gaft, E. Dvir, H. Modiano, and U. Schone, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy machine for online ash analyses in coal,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63(10), 1177–1182 (2008).
[Crossref]

Goode, S. R.

Gu, Y.

D. Meng, N. Zhao, Y. Wang, M. Ma, L. Fang, Y. Gu, Y. Jia, and J. Liu, “On-line/on-site analysis of heavy metals in water and soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 137, 39–45 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guo, L.

Guo, L. B.

Guo, L.-B.

L.-B. Guo, X. Cheng, Y. Tang, S.-S. Tang, Z.-Q. Hao, X.-Y. Li, Y.-F. Lu, and X.-Y. Zeng, “Improvement of spectral intensity and resolution with fiber laser for on-stream slurry analysis in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 152, 38–43 (2019).
[Crossref]

Gupta, G. P.

V. K. Unnikrishnan, R. Nayak, K. Aithal, V. B. Kartha, C. Santhosh, G. P. Gupta, and B. M. Suri, “Analysis of trace elements in complex matrices (soil) by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Anal. Methods 5(5), 1294–1300 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hao, Z.-Q.

L.-B. Guo, X. Cheng, Y. Tang, S.-S. Tang, Z.-Q. Hao, X.-Y. Li, Y.-F. Lu, and X.-Y. Zeng, “Improvement of spectral intensity and resolution with fiber laser for on-stream slurry analysis in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 152, 38–43 (2019).
[Crossref]

He, X. N.

Hsiung, T. M.

Y. L. Hung, T. M. Hsiung, Y. Y. Chen, Y. F. Huang, and C. C. Huang, “Colorimetric Detection of Heavy Metal Ions Using Label-Free Gold Nanoparticles and Alkanethiols,” J. Phys. Chem. 114(39), 16329–16334 (2010).

Hu, S.

S. A. Davari, S. Hu, and D. Mukherjee, “Calibration-free quantitative analysis of elemental ratios in intermetallic nanoalloys and nanocomposites using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Talanta 164, 330–340 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, C. C.

Y. L. Hung, T. M. Hsiung, Y. Y. Chen, Y. F. Huang, and C. C. Huang, “Colorimetric Detection of Heavy Metal Ions Using Label-Free Gold Nanoparticles and Alkanethiols,” J. Phys. Chem. 114(39), 16329–16334 (2010).

Huang, Y. F.

Y. L. Hung, T. M. Hsiung, Y. Y. Chen, Y. F. Huang, and C. C. Huang, “Colorimetric Detection of Heavy Metal Ions Using Label-Free Gold Nanoparticles and Alkanethiols,” J. Phys. Chem. 114(39), 16329–16334 (2010).

Huang, Y. Z.

S. Khan, Q. Cao, Y. M. Zheng, Y. Z. Huang, and Y. G. Zhu, “Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China,” Environ. Pollut. 152(3), 686–692 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hubmer, G.

G. Hubmer, R. Kitzberger, and K. Mörwald, “Application of LIBS to the in-line process control of liquid high-alloy steel under pressure,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(2), 219–224 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hung, Y. L.

Y. L. Hung, T. M. Hsiung, Y. Y. Chen, Y. F. Huang, and C. C. Huang, “Colorimetric Detection of Heavy Metal Ions Using Label-Free Gold Nanoparticles and Alkanethiols,” J. Phys. Chem. 114(39), 16329–16334 (2010).

Ismaël, A.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jaffrezic-Renault, N.

K. Zinoubi, H. Majdoub, H. Barhoumi, S. Boufi, and N. Jaffrezic-Renault, “Determination of trace heavy metal ions by anodic stripping voltammetry using nanofibrillated cellulose modified electrode,” J. Electroanal. Chem. (Lausanne Switz.) 799, 70–77 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jia, Y.

D. Meng, N. Zhao, Y. Wang, M. Ma, L. Fang, Y. Gu, Y. Jia, and J. Liu, “On-line/on-site analysis of heavy metals in water and soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 137, 39–45 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kartha, V. B.

V. K. Unnikrishnan, R. Nayak, K. Aithal, V. B. Kartha, C. Santhosh, G. P. Gupta, and B. M. Suri, “Analysis of trace elements in complex matrices (soil) by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Anal. Methods 5(5), 1294–1300 (2013).
[Crossref]

Khan, M. Z.

Khan, S.

S. Khan, Q. Cao, Y. M. Zheng, Y. Z. Huang, and Y. G. Zhu, “Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China,” Environ. Pollut. 152(3), 686–692 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kitzberger, R.

G. Hubmer, R. Kitzberger, and K. Mörwald, “Application of LIBS to the in-line process control of liquid high-alloy steel under pressure,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(2), 219–224 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kulkarni, P.

P. K. Diwakar and P. Kulkarni, “Measurement of elemental concentration of aerosols using spark emission spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 27(7), 1101–1109 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lai, H.

Larregieu, M.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

le Hecho, I.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. W.

S. M. Rosolina, J. Q. Chambers, C. W. Lee, and Z. L. Xue, “Direct determination of cadmium and lead in pharmaceutical ingredients using anodic stripping voltammetry in aqueous and DMSO/water solutions,” Anal. Chim. Acta 893, 25–33 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C. M.

Li, H.

Z. Chen, H. Li, M. Liu, and R. Li, “Fast and sensitive trace metal analysis in aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using wood slice substrates,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63(1), 64–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, R.

Z. Chen, H. Li, M. Liu, and R. Li, “Fast and sensitive trace metal analysis in aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using wood slice substrates,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63(1), 64–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Li, X.-Y.

L.-B. Guo, X. Cheng, Y. Tang, S.-S. Tang, Z.-Q. Hao, X.-Y. Li, Y.-F. Lu, and X.-Y. Zeng, “Improvement of spectral intensity and resolution with fiber laser for on-stream slurry analysis in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 152, 38–43 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lin, Q.

Liu, J.

D. Meng, N. Zhao, Y. Wang, M. Ma, L. Fang, Y. Gu, Y. Jia, and J. Liu, “On-line/on-site analysis of heavy metals in water and soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 137, 39–45 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, K.

Liu, M.

Z. Chen, H. Li, M. Liu, and R. Li, “Fast and sensitive trace metal analysis in aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using wood slice substrates,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63(1), 64–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

Lu, Y. F.

Lu, Y.-F.

L.-B. Guo, X. Cheng, Y. Tang, S.-S. Tang, Z.-Q. Hao, X.-Y. Li, Y.-F. Lu, and X.-Y. Zeng, “Improvement of spectral intensity and resolution with fiber laser for on-stream slurry analysis in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 152, 38–43 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ma, M.

D. Meng, N. Zhao, Y. Wang, M. Ma, L. Fang, Y. Gu, Y. Jia, and J. Liu, “On-line/on-site analysis of heavy metals in water and soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 137, 39–45 (2017).
[Crossref]

Majdoub, H.

K. Zinoubi, H. Majdoub, H. Barhoumi, S. Boufi, and N. Jaffrezic-Renault, “Determination of trace heavy metal ions by anodic stripping voltammetry using nanofibrillated cellulose modified electrode,” J. Electroanal. Chem. (Lausanne Switz.) 799, 70–77 (2017).
[Crossref]

Manzini, D.

G. S. Senesi, D. Manzini, and O. De Pascale, “Application of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy handheld instrument to the diagnostic analysis of stone monuments,” Appl. Geochem. 96, 87–91 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mateen, A.

Meng, D.

D. Meng, N. Zhao, Y. Wang, M. Ma, L. Fang, Y. Gu, Y. Jia, and J. Liu, “On-line/on-site analysis of heavy metals in water and soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 137, 39–45 (2017).
[Crossref]

Michel-Le Pierrès, E.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Modiano, H.

M. Gaft, E. Dvir, H. Modiano, and U. Schone, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy machine for online ash analyses in coal,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63(10), 1177–1182 (2008).
[Crossref]

Monser, L.

N. Adhoum, L. Monser, N. Bellakhal, and J. E. Belgaied, “Treatment of electroplating wastewater containing Cu2+, Zn2+ and Cr(VI) by electrocoagulation,” J. Hazard. Mater. 112(3), 207–213 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mörwald, K.

G. Hubmer, R. Kitzberger, and K. Mörwald, “Application of LIBS to the in-line process control of liquid high-alloy steel under pressure,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(2), 219–224 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mukherjee, D.

S. A. Davari, S. Hu, and D. Mukherjee, “Calibration-free quantitative analysis of elemental ratios in intermetallic nanoalloys and nanocomposites using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Talanta 164, 330–340 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nadal, M.

M. Nadal, M. Schuhmacher, and J. L. Domingo, “Metal pollution of soils and vegetation in an area with petrochemical industry,” Sci. Total Environ. 321(1-3), 59–69 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nayak, R.

V. K. Unnikrishnan, R. Nayak, K. Aithal, V. B. Kartha, C. Santhosh, G. P. Gupta, and B. M. Suri, “Analysis of trace elements in complex matrices (soil) by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Anal. Methods 5(5), 1294–1300 (2013).
[Crossref]

Niu, G.

Park, J. B.

Pender, J. E.

Popov, A. M.

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Spatial confinement of laser induced plasma to enhance LIBS sensitivity for trace elements determination in soils,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 837–848 (2010).
[Crossref]

Potin-Gautier, M.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Radziemski, L. J.

L. J. Radziemski, “From LASER to LIBS, the path of technology development,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 57(7), 1109–1113 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rehan, I.

Rehan, K.

Rosolina, S. M.

S. M. Rosolina, J. Q. Chambers, C. W. Lee, and Z. L. Xue, “Direct determination of cadmium and lead in pharmaceutical ingredients using anodic stripping voltammetry in aqueous and DMSO/water solutions,” Anal. Chim. Acta 893, 25–33 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roy, S.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Santhosh, C.

V. K. Unnikrishnan, R. Nayak, K. Aithal, V. B. Kartha, C. Santhosh, G. P. Gupta, and B. M. Suri, “Analysis of trace elements in complex matrices (soil) by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Anal. Methods 5(5), 1294–1300 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schone, U.

M. Gaft, E. Dvir, H. Modiano, and U. Schone, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy machine for online ash analyses in coal,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63(10), 1177–1182 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schuhmacher, M.

M. Nadal, M. Schuhmacher, and J. L. Domingo, “Metal pollution of soils and vegetation in an area with petrochemical industry,” Sci. Total Environ. 321(1-3), 59–69 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senesi, G. S.

G. S. Senesi, D. Manzini, and O. De Pascale, “Application of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy handheld instrument to the diagnostic analysis of stone monuments,” Appl. Geochem. 96, 87–91 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shi, Q.

Sultana, S.

Suri, B. M.

V. K. Unnikrishnan, R. Nayak, K. Aithal, V. B. Kartha, C. Santhosh, G. P. Gupta, and B. M. Suri, “Analysis of trace elements in complex matrices (soil) by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Anal. Methods 5(5), 1294–1300 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tang, S.-S.

L.-B. Guo, X. Cheng, Y. Tang, S.-S. Tang, Z.-Q. Hao, X.-Y. Li, Y.-F. Lu, and X.-Y. Zeng, “Improvement of spectral intensity and resolution with fiber laser for on-stream slurry analysis in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 152, 38–43 (2019).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

L.-B. Guo, X. Cheng, Y. Tang, S.-S. Tang, Z.-Q. Hao, X.-Y. Li, Y.-F. Lu, and X.-Y. Zeng, “Improvement of spectral intensity and resolution with fiber laser for on-stream slurry analysis in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 152, 38–43 (2019).
[Crossref]

Tavassoli, S. H.

Tellier, S.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Travaillé, G.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Unnikrishnan, V. K.

V. K. Unnikrishnan, R. Nayak, K. Aithal, V. B. Kartha, C. Santhosh, G. P. Gupta, and B. M. Suri, “Analysis of trace elements in complex matrices (soil) by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Anal. Methods 5(5), 1294–1300 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

D. Meng, N. Zhao, Y. Wang, M. Ma, L. Fang, Y. Gu, Y. Jia, and J. Liu, “On-line/on-site analysis of heavy metals in water and soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 137, 39–45 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wazen, P.

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, T.

Xu, M.

Xue, Z. L.

S. M. Rosolina, J. Q. Chambers, C. W. Lee, and Z. L. Xue, “Direct determination of cadmium and lead in pharmaceutical ingredients using anodic stripping voltammetry in aqueous and DMSO/water solutions,” Anal. Chim. Acta 893, 25–33 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, X.

Zeng, X.

Zeng, X. Y.

Zeng, X.-Y.

L.-B. Guo, X. Cheng, Y. Tang, S.-S. Tang, Z.-Q. Hao, X.-Y. Li, Y.-F. Lu, and X.-Y. Zeng, “Improvement of spectral intensity and resolution with fiber laser for on-stream slurry analysis in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 152, 38–43 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B. Y.

Zhao, N.

D. Meng, N. Zhao, Y. Wang, M. Ma, L. Fang, Y. Gu, Y. Jia, and J. Liu, “On-line/on-site analysis of heavy metals in water and soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 137, 39–45 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y. M.

S. Khan, Q. Cao, Y. M. Zheng, Y. Z. Huang, and Y. G. Zhu, “Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China,” Environ. Pollut. 152(3), 686–692 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Y. S.

Zhu, Y. G.

S. Khan, Q. Cao, Y. M. Zheng, Y. Z. Huang, and Y. G. Zhu, “Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China,” Environ. Pollut. 152(3), 686–692 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Z.

Zinoubi, K.

K. Zinoubi, H. Majdoub, H. Barhoumi, S. Boufi, and N. Jaffrezic-Renault, “Determination of trace heavy metal ions by anodic stripping voltammetry using nanofibrillated cellulose modified electrode,” J. Electroanal. Chem. (Lausanne Switz.) 799, 70–77 (2017).
[Crossref]

Anal. Bioanal. Chem. (1)

G. Hubmer, R. Kitzberger, and K. Mörwald, “Application of LIBS to the in-line process control of liquid high-alloy steel under pressure,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385(2), 219–224 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anal. Chim. Acta (1)

S. M. Rosolina, J. Q. Chambers, C. W. Lee, and Z. L. Xue, “Direct determination of cadmium and lead in pharmaceutical ingredients using anodic stripping voltammetry in aqueous and DMSO/water solutions,” Anal. Chim. Acta 893, 25–33 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anal. Methods (1)

V. K. Unnikrishnan, R. Nayak, K. Aithal, V. B. Kartha, C. Santhosh, G. P. Gupta, and B. M. Suri, “Analysis of trace elements in complex matrices (soil) by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Anal. Methods 5(5), 1294–1300 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Geochem. (1)

G. S. Senesi, D. Manzini, and O. De Pascale, “Application of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy handheld instrument to the diagnostic analysis of stone monuments,” Appl. Geochem. 96, 87–91 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Spectrosc. (2)

Environ. Pollut. (1)

S. Khan, Q. Cao, Y. M. Zheng, Y. Z. Huang, and Y. G. Zhu, “Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China,” Environ. Pollut. 152(3), 686–692 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Anal. At. Spectrom. (2)

P. K. Diwakar and P. Kulkarni, “Measurement of elemental concentration of aerosols using spark emission spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 27(7), 1101–1109 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Spatial confinement of laser induced plasma to enhance LIBS sensitivity for trace elements determination in soils,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25, 837–848 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Electroanal. Chem. (Lausanne Switz.) (1)

K. Zinoubi, H. Majdoub, H. Barhoumi, S. Boufi, and N. Jaffrezic-Renault, “Determination of trace heavy metal ions by anodic stripping voltammetry using nanofibrillated cellulose modified electrode,” J. Electroanal. Chem. (Lausanne Switz.) 799, 70–77 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Hazard. Mater. (1)

N. Adhoum, L. Monser, N. Bellakhal, and J. E. Belgaied, “Treatment of electroplating wastewater containing Cu2+, Zn2+ and Cr(VI) by electrocoagulation,” J. Hazard. Mater. 112(3), 207–213 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

Y. L. Hung, T. M. Hsiung, Y. Y. Chen, Y. F. Huang, and C. C. Huang, “Colorimetric Detection of Heavy Metal Ions Using Label-Free Gold Nanoparticles and Alkanethiols,” J. Phys. Chem. 114(39), 16329–16334 (2010).

Opt. Express (1)

Sci. Total Environ. (1)

M. Nadal, M. Schuhmacher, and J. L. Domingo, “Metal pollution of soils and vegetation in an area with petrochemical industry,” Sci. Total Environ. 321(1-3), 59–69 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. (7)

D. Meng, N. Zhao, Y. Wang, M. Ma, L. Fang, Y. Gu, Y. Jia, and J. Liu, “On-line/on-site analysis of heavy metals in water and soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 137, 39–45 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Gaft, E. Dvir, H. Modiano, and U. Schone, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy machine for online ash analyses in coal,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63(10), 1177–1182 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. M. Díaz Pace, C. A. D’Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, and G. Bertuccelli, “Analysis of heavy metals in liquids using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy by liquid-to-solid matrix conversion,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 61(8), 929–933 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, H. Li, M. Liu, and R. Li, “Fast and sensitive trace metal analysis in aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using wood slice substrates,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63(1), 64–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. J. Radziemski, “From LASER to LIBS, the path of technology development,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 57(7), 1109–1113 (2002).
[Crossref]

L.-B. Guo, X. Cheng, Y. Tang, S.-S. Tang, Z.-Q. Hao, X.-Y. Li, Y.-F. Lu, and X.-Y. Zeng, “Improvement of spectral intensity and resolution with fiber laser for on-stream slurry analysis in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 152, 38–43 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. Bousquet, G. Travaillé, A. Ismaël, L. Canioni, E. Michel-Le Pierrès, E. Brasseur, S. Roy, I. le Hecho, M. Larregieu, S. Tellier, M. Potin-Gautier, T. Boriachon, P. Wazen, A. Diard, and S. Belbèze, “Development of a mobile system based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and dedicated to in situ analysis of polluted soils,” Spectrochim. Acta B At. Spectrosc. 63, 1085–1090 (2008).
[Crossref]

Talanta (1)

S. A. Davari, S. Hu, and D. Mukherjee, “Calibration-free quantitative analysis of elemental ratios in intermetallic nanoalloys and nanocomposites using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS),” Talanta 164, 330–340 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The design of heavy metal monitor.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The design of spectral data acquisition module.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Overall view of the heavy metal monitor.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Calibration curves of copper and zinc built in laboratory.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Spectrum of wastewater detected by the monitor.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Calibration curve of copper built in field experiment.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Calibration curve of copper after internal calibration.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Calibration curve of zinc after internal calibration.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Continuous monitoring results of copper.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Continuous monitoring results of zinc.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Characteristic lines of some heavy metals we concerned.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

LOD = k S b S

Metrics