Abstract

A multi-longitudinal mode fiber laser sensor (MLMFLS) system with high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is proposed. To the best of authors’ knowledge, this is the highest SNR ever reported by MLMFLS system. The laser sensor consists of a narrow-band fiber Bragg grating (FBG), erbium-doped fiber (EDF) and an optical reflector. The FBG controls the number of laser modes which excited by laser sensor. Beat frequency signals (BFS) modulated by applied measurand are generated by those laser modes and their SNR are controlled by the FBG. Measurement results show the BFS have SNR of 65.0 dB, accuracy of ± 2.0 με, and stability of 0.4 kHz, which demonstrate its high SNR, accuracy and stability.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Multiplexed multi-longitudinal mode fiber laser sensor

Long Huang, Peng Wang, Liang Gao, Tingting Zhang, and Xiangfei Chen
Opt. Express 22(21) 25722-25728 (2014)

Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature based on hybrid EDF/Brillouin laser

Heng Xie, Junqiang Sun, and Danqi Feng
Opt. Express 24(11) 11475-11482 (2016)

Simple hybrid wire–wireless fiber laser sensor by direct photonic generation of beat signal

Shengchun Liu, Liang Gao, Zuowei Yin, Yuechun Shi, Liang Zhang, Xiangfei Chen, and Jianchun Cheng
Appl. Opt. 50(12) 1792-1797 (2011)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. A. Morton and M. J. Morton, “High-Power, Ultra-Low Noise Hybrid Lasers for Microwave Photonics and Optical Sensing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(21), 5048–5057 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  2. Z. Y. Zhao, M. Tang, L. Wang, N. Guo, H.-Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “Distributed Vibration Sensor Based on Space-Division Multiplexed Reflectometer and Interferometer in Multicore Fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(24), 5764–5772 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  3. V. DeMiguel-Soto, D. Leandro, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Ultra-long (290 km) remote interrogation sensor network based on a random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(21), 27189–27200 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. S. M. Melle, K. X. Liu, and R. M. Measures, “A passive wavelength demodulation system for guided-wave Bragg grating sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(5), 516–518 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  5. W. Huang, S. Feng, W. Zhang, and F. Li, “DFB fiber laser static strain sensor based on beat frequency interrogation with a reference fiber laser locked to a FBG resonator,” Opt. Express 24(11), 12321–12329 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. W. Liu, T. Guo, A. C.-L. Wong, H.-Y. Tam, and S. He, “Highly sensitive bending sensor based on Er3+-doped DBR fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17834–17840 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. H. Y. Fu, X. W. Shu, C. B. Mou, L. Zhang, S. L. He, and I. Bennion, “Transversal loading sensor based on tunable beat frequency of a dual-wavelength fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(14), 987–989 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Frank, K. Bohnert, K. Haroud, H. Brändle, C. V. Poulsen, J. E. Pedersen, and J. Patscheider, “Distributed feedback fiber laser sensor for hydrostatic pressure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1758–1760 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. T. Guo, A. C. L. Wong, W.-S. Liu, B.-O. Guan, C. Lu, and H.-Y. Tam, “Beat-frequency adjustable Er3+-doped DBR fiber laser for ultrasound detection,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2485–2492 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, Y. L. Yu, and S. C. Liu, “Study on a four-channel multi-longitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor array based on frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Commun. 350, 283–287 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  11. L. Gao, L. Chen, L. Huang, S. C. Liu, Z. W. Yin, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous Measurement of Strain and Load Using a Fiber Laser Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 12(5), 1513–1517 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  12. L. Huang, P. Wang, L. Gao, T. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Multiplexed multi-longitudinal mode fiber laser sensor,” Opt. Express 22(21), 25722–25728 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. X. J. Yu, X. Dong, X. F. Chen, C. Tian, and S. C. Liu, “Large-Scale Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array With Wavelength/Frequency Division Multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(11), 2299–2305 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  14. Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, K. Li, Q. Cheng, and S. C. Liu, “A Low-Cost FDM System for Multi-Longitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(20), 2186–2189 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  15. X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, K. Li, J. T. Zhang, H. J. Lv, and S. C. Liu, “Frequency-Division Multiplexing Sensing System Based on Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Lasers and Beat Frequency Demodulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7901307 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  16. L. Gao, L. Huang, L. Chen, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a multi-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 297, 98–101 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. J. Zhang, Q. Z. Sun, J. H. Wo, X. L. Li, and D. M. Liu, “High-sensitivity sensor based on mode number-encoded multi-longitudinal mode fiber laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(2), 020605 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  18. L. Huang, S. J. Liu, R. Z. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. F. Chen, “Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Demodulation Based on Bandpass Sampling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(18), 1621–1624 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  19. L. Huang, L. Qian, L. Chen, L. Gao, and X. F. Chen, “Multilongitudinal mode fiber laser sensor for temperature measurement,” in 2012 Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (ACP), (OSA, 2012), pp. AF4B.27.

2018 (4)

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2015 (3)

Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, K. Li, Q. Cheng, and S. C. Liu, “A Low-Cost FDM System for Multi-Longitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(20), 2186–2189 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, K. Li, J. T. Zhang, H. J. Lv, and S. C. Liu, “Frequency-Division Multiplexing Sensing System Based on Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Lasers and Beat Frequency Demodulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7901307 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, Y. L. Yu, and S. C. Liu, “Study on a four-channel multi-longitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor array based on frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Commun. 350, 283–287 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

J. J. Zhang, Q. Z. Sun, J. H. Wo, X. L. Li, and D. M. Liu, “High-sensitivity sensor based on mode number-encoded multi-longitudinal mode fiber laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(2), 020605 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, L. Huang, L. Chen, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a multi-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 297, 98–101 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

L. Gao, L. Chen, L. Huang, S. C. Liu, Z. W. Yin, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous Measurement of Strain and Load Using a Fiber Laser Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 12(5), 1513–1517 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

H. Y. Fu, X. W. Shu, C. B. Mou, L. Zhang, S. L. He, and I. Bennion, “Transversal loading sensor based on tunable beat frequency of a dual-wavelength fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(14), 987–989 (2009).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

A. Frank, K. Bohnert, K. Haroud, H. Brändle, C. V. Poulsen, J. E. Pedersen, and J. Patscheider, “Distributed feedback fiber laser sensor for hydrostatic pressure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1758–1760 (2003).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

S. M. Melle, K. X. Liu, and R. M. Measures, “A passive wavelength demodulation system for guided-wave Bragg grating sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(5), 516–518 (1992).
[Crossref]

Bennion, I.

H. Y. Fu, X. W. Shu, C. B. Mou, L. Zhang, S. L. He, and I. Bennion, “Transversal loading sensor based on tunable beat frequency of a dual-wavelength fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(14), 987–989 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bohnert, K.

A. Frank, K. Bohnert, K. Haroud, H. Brändle, C. V. Poulsen, J. E. Pedersen, and J. Patscheider, “Distributed feedback fiber laser sensor for hydrostatic pressure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1758–1760 (2003).
[Crossref]

Brändle, H.

A. Frank, K. Bohnert, K. Haroud, H. Brändle, C. V. Poulsen, J. E. Pedersen, and J. Patscheider, “Distributed feedback fiber laser sensor for hydrostatic pressure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1758–1760 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

L. Gao, L. Huang, L. Chen, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a multi-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 297, 98–101 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, L. Chen, L. Huang, S. C. Liu, Z. W. Yin, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous Measurement of Strain and Load Using a Fiber Laser Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 12(5), 1513–1517 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

Chen, X. F.

L. Huang, S. J. Liu, R. Z. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. F. Chen, “Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Demodulation Based on Bandpass Sampling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(18), 1621–1624 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. J. Yu, X. Dong, X. F. Chen, C. Tian, and S. C. Liu, “Large-Scale Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array With Wavelength/Frequency Division Multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(11), 2299–2305 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, Y. L. Yu, and S. C. Liu, “Study on a four-channel multi-longitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor array based on frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Commun. 350, 283–287 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, K. Li, Q. Cheng, and S. C. Liu, “A Low-Cost FDM System for Multi-Longitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(20), 2186–2189 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, L. Huang, L. Chen, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a multi-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 297, 98–101 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, L. Chen, L. Huang, S. C. Liu, Z. W. Yin, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous Measurement of Strain and Load Using a Fiber Laser Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 12(5), 1513–1517 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Q.

Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, K. Li, Q. Cheng, and S. C. Liu, “A Low-Cost FDM System for Multi-Longitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(20), 2186–2189 (2015).
[Crossref]

DeMiguel-Soto, V.

Dong, X.

Feng, S.

Frank, A.

A. Frank, K. Bohnert, K. Haroud, H. Brändle, C. V. Poulsen, J. E. Pedersen, and J. Patscheider, “Distributed feedback fiber laser sensor for hydrostatic pressure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1758–1760 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fu, H. Y.

H. Y. Fu, X. W. Shu, C. B. Mou, L. Zhang, S. L. He, and I. Bennion, “Transversal loading sensor based on tunable beat frequency of a dual-wavelength fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(14), 987–989 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gao, L.

L. Huang, P. Wang, L. Gao, T. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Multiplexed multi-longitudinal mode fiber laser sensor,” Opt. Express 22(21), 25722–25728 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Gao, L. Huang, L. Chen, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a multi-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 297, 98–101 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, L. Chen, L. Huang, S. C. Liu, Z. W. Yin, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous Measurement of Strain and Load Using a Fiber Laser Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 12(5), 1513–1517 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guan, B.-O.

Guo, N.

Guo, T.

Guo, Y.

L. Huang, S. J. Liu, R. Z. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. F. Chen, “Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Demodulation Based on Bandpass Sampling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(18), 1621–1624 (2018).
[Crossref]

Haroud, K.

A. Frank, K. Bohnert, K. Haroud, H. Brändle, C. V. Poulsen, J. E. Pedersen, and J. Patscheider, “Distributed feedback fiber laser sensor for hydrostatic pressure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1758–1760 (2003).
[Crossref]

He, S.

He, S. L.

H. Y. Fu, X. W. Shu, C. B. Mou, L. Zhang, S. L. He, and I. Bennion, “Transversal loading sensor based on tunable beat frequency of a dual-wavelength fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(14), 987–989 (2009).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

L. Huang, S. J. Liu, R. Z. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. F. Chen, “Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Demodulation Based on Bandpass Sampling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(18), 1621–1624 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, P. Wang, L. Gao, T. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Multiplexed multi-longitudinal mode fiber laser sensor,” Opt. Express 22(21), 25722–25728 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Gao, L. Huang, L. Chen, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a multi-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 297, 98–101 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, L. Chen, L. Huang, S. C. Liu, Z. W. Yin, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous Measurement of Strain and Load Using a Fiber Laser Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 12(5), 1513–1517 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, W.

Leandro, D.

Li, F.

Li, K.

X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, K. Li, J. T. Zhang, H. J. Lv, and S. C. Liu, “Frequency-Division Multiplexing Sensing System Based on Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Lasers and Beat Frequency Demodulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7901307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, K. Li, Q. Cheng, and S. C. Liu, “A Low-Cost FDM System for Multi-Longitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(20), 2186–2189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, X. L.

Liu, D. M.

Liu, K. X.

S. M. Melle, K. X. Liu, and R. M. Measures, “A passive wavelength demodulation system for guided-wave Bragg grating sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(5), 516–518 (1992).
[Crossref]

Liu, R. Z.

L. Huang, S. J. Liu, R. Z. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. F. Chen, “Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Demodulation Based on Bandpass Sampling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(18), 1621–1624 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, S. C.

X. J. Yu, X. Dong, X. F. Chen, C. Tian, and S. C. Liu, “Large-Scale Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array With Wavelength/Frequency Division Multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(11), 2299–2305 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, K. Li, J. T. Zhang, H. J. Lv, and S. C. Liu, “Frequency-Division Multiplexing Sensing System Based on Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Lasers and Beat Frequency Demodulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7901307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, K. Li, Q. Cheng, and S. C. Liu, “A Low-Cost FDM System for Multi-Longitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(20), 2186–2189 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, Y. L. Yu, and S. C. Liu, “Study on a four-channel multi-longitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor array based on frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Commun. 350, 283–287 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, L. Chen, L. Huang, S. C. Liu, Z. W. Yin, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous Measurement of Strain and Load Using a Fiber Laser Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 12(5), 1513–1517 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, S. J.

L. Huang, S. J. Liu, R. Z. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. F. Chen, “Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Demodulation Based on Bandpass Sampling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(18), 1621–1624 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

Liu, W.-S.

Lopez-Amo, M.

Lu, C.

Lv, H. J.

X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, K. Li, J. T. Zhang, H. J. Lv, and S. C. Liu, “Frequency-Division Multiplexing Sensing System Based on Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Lasers and Beat Frequency Demodulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7901307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Measures, R. M.

S. M. Melle, K. X. Liu, and R. M. Measures, “A passive wavelength demodulation system for guided-wave Bragg grating sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(5), 516–518 (1992).
[Crossref]

Melle, S. M.

S. M. Melle, K. X. Liu, and R. M. Measures, “A passive wavelength demodulation system for guided-wave Bragg grating sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(5), 516–518 (1992).
[Crossref]

Morton, M. J.

Morton, P. A.

Mou, C. B.

H. Y. Fu, X. W. Shu, C. B. Mou, L. Zhang, S. L. He, and I. Bennion, “Transversal loading sensor based on tunable beat frequency of a dual-wavelength fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(14), 987–989 (2009).
[Crossref]

Patscheider, J.

A. Frank, K. Bohnert, K. Haroud, H. Brändle, C. V. Poulsen, J. E. Pedersen, and J. Patscheider, “Distributed feedback fiber laser sensor for hydrostatic pressure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1758–1760 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pedersen, J. E.

A. Frank, K. Bohnert, K. Haroud, H. Brändle, C. V. Poulsen, J. E. Pedersen, and J. Patscheider, “Distributed feedback fiber laser sensor for hydrostatic pressure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1758–1760 (2003).
[Crossref]

Poulsen, C. V.

A. Frank, K. Bohnert, K. Haroud, H. Brändle, C. V. Poulsen, J. E. Pedersen, and J. Patscheider, “Distributed feedback fiber laser sensor for hydrostatic pressure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1758–1760 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shu, X. W.

H. Y. Fu, X. W. Shu, C. B. Mou, L. Zhang, S. L. He, and I. Bennion, “Transversal loading sensor based on tunable beat frequency of a dual-wavelength fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(14), 987–989 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sun, Q. Z.

Tam, H.-Y.

Tang, M.

Tian, C.

Wang, L.

Wang, P.

Wo, J. H.

Wong, A. C. L.

Wong, A. C.-L.

Yin, Z. W.

L. Gao, L. Chen, L. Huang, S. C. Liu, Z. W. Yin, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous Measurement of Strain and Load Using a Fiber Laser Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 12(5), 1513–1517 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, X. J.

X. J. Yu, X. Dong, X. F. Chen, C. Tian, and S. C. Liu, “Large-Scale Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array With Wavelength/Frequency Division Multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(11), 2299–2305 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, Y. L. Yu, and S. C. Liu, “Study on a four-channel multi-longitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor array based on frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Commun. 350, 283–287 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, K. Li, Q. Cheng, and S. C. Liu, “A Low-Cost FDM System for Multi-Longitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(20), 2186–2189 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, K. Li, J. T. Zhang, H. J. Lv, and S. C. Liu, “Frequency-Division Multiplexing Sensing System Based on Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Lasers and Beat Frequency Demodulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7901307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y. L.

J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, Y. L. Yu, and S. C. Liu, “Study on a four-channel multi-longitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor array based on frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Commun. 350, 283–287 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. J.

Zhang, J. T.

X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, K. Li, J. T. Zhang, H. J. Lv, and S. C. Liu, “Frequency-Division Multiplexing Sensing System Based on Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Lasers and Beat Frequency Demodulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7901307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, K. Li, Q. Cheng, and S. C. Liu, “A Low-Cost FDM System for Multi-Longitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(20), 2186–2189 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, Y. L. Yu, and S. C. Liu, “Study on a four-channel multi-longitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor array based on frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Commun. 350, 283–287 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

H. Y. Fu, X. W. Shu, C. B. Mou, L. Zhang, S. L. He, and I. Bennion, “Transversal loading sensor based on tunable beat frequency of a dual-wavelength fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(14), 987–989 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, T.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, Y. L.

Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, K. Li, Q. Cheng, and S. C. Liu, “A Low-Cost FDM System for Multi-Longitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(20), 2186–2189 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, Y. L. Yu, and S. C. Liu, “Study on a four-channel multi-longitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor array based on frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Commun. 350, 283–287 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, K. Li, J. T. Zhang, H. J. Lv, and S. C. Liu, “Frequency-Division Multiplexing Sensing System Based on Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Lasers and Beat Frequency Demodulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7901307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z. Y.

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, K. Li, J. T. Zhang, H. J. Lv, and S. C. Liu, “Frequency-Division Multiplexing Sensing System Based on Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Lasers and Beat Frequency Demodulation,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7901307 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (5)

L. Huang, S. J. Liu, R. Z. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. F. Chen, “Multilongitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Demodulation Based on Bandpass Sampling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(18), 1621–1624 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, K. Li, Q. Cheng, and S. C. Liu, “A Low-Cost FDM System for Multi-Longitudinal Mode Fiber Laser Sensor Array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(20), 2186–2189 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. M. Melle, K. X. Liu, and R. M. Measures, “A passive wavelength demodulation system for guided-wave Bragg grating sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(5), 516–518 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Fu, X. W. Shu, C. B. Mou, L. Zhang, S. L. He, and I. Bennion, “Transversal loading sensor based on tunable beat frequency of a dual-wavelength fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(14), 987–989 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Frank, K. Bohnert, K. Haroud, H. Brändle, C. V. Poulsen, J. E. Pedersen, and J. Patscheider, “Distributed feedback fiber laser sensor for hydrostatic pressure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1758–1760 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

L. Gao, L. Chen, L. Huang, S. C. Liu, Z. W. Yin, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous Measurement of Strain and Load Using a Fiber Laser Sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 12(5), 1513–1517 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. T. Zhang, X. J. Yu, Y. L. Zhang, X. F. Chen, Y. L. Yu, and S. C. Liu, “Study on a four-channel multi-longitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor array based on frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Commun. 350, 283–287 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, L. Huang, L. Chen, and X. F. Chen, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a multi-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 297, 98–101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Other (1)

L. Huang, L. Qian, L. Chen, L. Gao, and X. F. Chen, “Multilongitudinal mode fiber laser sensor for temperature measurement,” in 2012 Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (ACP), (OSA, 2012), pp. AF4B.27.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic configuration of the proposed sensor system. (WDM: wavelength division multiplexer, FBG: fiber Bragg grating, EDF: erbium-doped fiber. SS: stationary stage, TS: translation stage, BOR: broadband optical reflector, OSA: optical spectrum analyzer, PD: photodetector, RFSA: radio-frequency spectrum analyzer).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic diagram of laser modes and BFS controlled by FBG: (a) Fiber laser cavity’s structure and excited longitudinal modes controlled by FBG’s bandwidth. (b) Corresponding number of BFS controlled by FBG’s bandwidth.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Optical spectrum of the laser sensor cavity.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Measured frequency spectrum of BFS: (a) BFS up to 350 MHz. (b) BFS’ frequency interval of 13.52 MHz. (c) High SNR of BFS.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Measurement results analysis of the strain sensor.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Measurement results of BFS’ time stability.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison with Previous MLM Fiber Laser Sensor

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

A(t)= i=1 n a i cos(2π v i t+ φ i ) ,
P(t)=|A(t) | 2 = i=1 n j=1 n a i a j {cos[2π( v i v j )t+( φ i φ j )]}/2 ,
Δ v N = Nc nL ( ΔL L + Δn n )= v N 1 L (1 P e )Δε,

Metrics