Abstract

The fiber geometry, fiber parameters and mode-guiding properties are crucial for realizing high-performance fiber-based sensors. In this work, we propose and demonstrate a few-mode fiber (FMF)–based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor. The FMF-SPR sensor was fabricated via side-polishing a few-mode fiber and coating a thin layer of gold film, on the basis of the optimization of fiber geometry, thickness of the gold film and mode selection, which were performed with the finite element method. The refractive index (RI) sensing performance of three such sensors with different residual fiber thicknesses were investigated. In the RI range from 1.333 to 1.404, the highest sensitivity up to 4903 nm/RIU and a figure of merit of 46.1 RIU−1 are achieved. For testing the bovine serum albumin (BSA) solution, an averaged BSA RI sensitivity of 6328 nm/RIU and an averaged BSA concentration sensitivity of 1.17 nm/(mg/ml) are realized. Benefiting from only a few modes supported in the FMF, a smaller line-width of the SPR spectrum is obtained, which further results in a higher figure of merit (FOM). Moreover, when combined with the superiority of the mode-multiplexing technology brought by the FMF, the FMF-SPR sensors may find applications in biochemical analysis with high performance and high throughputs.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2019 (1)

H. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Feng, X. Xiong, S. Hu, Z. Jiang, J. Dong, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Guan, H. Lu, J. Yu, Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, M. He, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “Long-Range Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Side-Polished Fiber for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 1–9 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (4)

2017 (5)

Z. W. Ding, T. T. Lang, Y. Wang, and C.-L. Zhao, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive index sensor based on tapered coreless optical fiber structure,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(21), 4734–4739 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Y. Liu, C. Zhang, L. Zhang, G. Zheng, C. Mou, J. Wen, and T. Wang, “All-fiber mode converter based on long-period fiber gratings written in few-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 42(22), 4708–4711 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, P. Liang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Z. Zhu, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Cascaded distributed multichannel fiber SPR sensor based on gold film thickness adjustment approach,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 267, 526–531 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Huang, “Highly sensitive SPR sensor based on D-shaped photonic crystal fiber coated with indium tin oxide at near-infrared wavelength,” Plasmonics 12(3), 583–588 (2017).

Y. Wang, J. Dong, Y. Luo, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Indium Tin Oxide Coated Two-Mode Fiber for Enhanced SPR Sensor in Near-Infrared Region,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Moayyed, I. T. Leite, L. Coelho, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Analysis of a plasmonic based optical fiber optrode with phase interrogation,” Photonic Sens. 6(3), 221–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Klantsataya, P. Jia, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Plasmonic fiber optic refractometric sensors: From conventional architectures to recent design trends,” Sensors (Basel) 17, 12 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, Y. Zhao, and T. Wang, “High sensitivity twist sensor based on helical long-period grating written in two-mode fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1629–1632 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, C. Chen, K. Xia, S. Peng, H. Guan, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Tungsten disulfide (WS2) based all-fiber-optic humidity sensor,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8956–8966 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (13)

M. D. Baiad and R. Kashyap, “Concatenation of surface plasmon resonance sensors in a single optical fiber using tilted fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Lett. 40(1), 115–118 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Caucheteur, V. Voisin, and J. Albert, “Near-infrared grating-assisted SPR optical fiber sensors: design rules for ultimate refractometric sensitivity,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2918–2932 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. C. C. Coelho, J. M. M. M. de Almeida, H. Moayyed, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Multiplexing of surface plasmon resonance sensing devices on etched single-mode fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(2), 432–438 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Luan, R. Wang, W. Lv, and J. Yao, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on D-shaped microstructured optical fiber with hollow core,” Opt. Express 23(7), 8576–8582 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ju, S. Jeong, Y. Kim, S.-H. Lee, K. Linganna, C. J. Kim, and W.-T. Han, “Effect of heat treatment of optical fiber incorporated with Au nano-particles on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(6), 1440–1449 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Twin-core fiber SPR sensor,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2826–2829 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Bremer and B. Roth, “Fibre optic surface plasmon resonance sensor system designed for smartphones,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17179–17184 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Temperature-insensitive mode converters with CO2-laser written long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(9), 1006–1009 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. N. Dash and R. Jha, “On the performance of graphene-based D-shaped photonic crystal fibre biosensor using surface plasmon resonance,” Plasmonics 10(5), 1123–1131 (2015).

S. Shukla, N. K. Sharma, and V. Sajal, “Sensitivity enhancement of a surface plasmon resonance based fiber optic sensor using ZnO thin film: a theoretical study,” Sens. Actuators, B 206(1), 463–470 (2015).

C. Caucheteur, T. Guo, and J. Albert, “Review of plasmonic fiber optic biochemical sensors: improving the limit of detection,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 407(14), 3883–3897 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Coelho, J. de Almeida, J. L. Santos, R. A. S. Ferreira, P. S. André, and D. Viegas, “Sensing structure based on surface plasmon resonance in chemically etched single mode optical fibres,” Plasmonics 10(2), 319–327 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Mao, Y. Luo, C. Chen, S. Peng, X. Feng, J. Tang, J. Fang, J. Zhang, H. Lu, J. Yu, and Z. Chen, “Design and optimization of surface plasmon resonance sensor based on multimode fiber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(6), 1495–1502 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

S. Zeng, D. Baillargeat, H. P. Ho, and K. T. Yong, “Nanomaterials enhanced surface plasmon resonance for biological and chemical sensing applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(10), 3426–3452 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Mode-locked fiber laser with transverse-mode selection based on a two-mode FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1766–1769 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Moayyed, I. T. Leite, L. Coelho, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Analysis of phase interrogated SPR fiber optic sensors with bimetallic layers,” IEEE Sens. J. 14(10), 3662–3668 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. N. Kulchin, O. B. Vitrik, and A. V. Dyshlyuk, “Analysis of surface plasmon resonance in bent single-mode waveguides with metal-coated cladding by eigenmode expansion method,” Opt. Express 22(18), 22196–22201 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

J. A. Kim, T. Hwang, S. R. Dugasani, R. Amin, A. Kulkarni, S. H. Park, and T. Kim, “Graphene based fiber optic surface plasmon resonance for bio-chemical sensor applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 187, 426–433 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

2010 (2)

S. Herranz, M. Bocková, M. D. Marazuela, J. Homola, and M. C. Moreno-Bondi, “An SPR biosensor for the detection of microcystins in drinking water,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 398(6), 2625–2634 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Takagi, H. Sasaki, A. Seki, and K. Watanabe, “Surface plasmon resonances of a curved hetero-core optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 161(1–2), 1–5 (2010).

2009 (2)

J. Pollet, F. Delport, K. P. F. Janssen, K. Jans, G. Maes, H. Pfeiffer, M. Wevers, and J. Lammertyn, “Fiber optic SPR biosensing of DNA hybridization and DNA-protein interactions,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(4), 864–869 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. S. Jang, K. N. Park, C. D. Kang, J. P. Kim, S. J. Sim, and K. S. Lee, “Optical fiber SPR biosensor with sandwich assay for the detection of prostate specific antigen,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2827–2830 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

P. Berini, “Bulk and surface sensitivities of surface plasmon waveguides,” New J. Phys. 10(10), 105010 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

M. H. Chiu, C. H. Shih, and M. H. Chi, “Optimum sensitivity of single-mode D-type optical fiber sensor in the intensity measurement,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 123(2), 1120–1124 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Allsop, R. Neal, S. Rehman, D. J. Webb, D. Mapps, and I. Bennion, “Generation of infrared surface plasmon resonances with high refractive index sensitivity utilizing tilted fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Opt. 46(22), 5456–5460 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

M. Mitsushio, S. Higashi, and M. Higo, “Construction and evaluation of a gold-deposited optical fiber sensor system for measurements of refractive indices of alcohols,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 111(2–3), 252–259 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance based on a polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 236–242 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manıková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 236–242 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

A. Díez, M. V. Andres, and J. L. Cruz, “In-line fiber-optic sensors based on the excitation of surface plasma modes in metal-coated tapered fibers,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 73, 95–99 (2001).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, “A fiber-optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 12(3), 213–220 (1993).
[Crossref]

Al Amin, YA.

A. Li, YA. Al Amin, X. Chen, and TW. Shieh, “Reception of mode and polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB8.

Albert, J.

C. Caucheteur, T. Guo, and J. Albert, “Review of plasmonic fiber optic biochemical sensors: improving the limit of detection,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 407(14), 3883–3897 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Caucheteur, V. Voisin, and J. Albert, “Near-infrared grating-assisted SPR optical fiber sensors: design rules for ultimate refractometric sensitivity,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2918–2932 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allsop, T.

Al-Qazwini, Y.

Y. Al-Qazwini, P. T. Arasu, and A. S. M. Noor, “Numerical investigation of the performance of an SPR-based optical fiber sensor in an aqueous environment using finite-difference time domain,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Photonics, (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Amin, R.

J. A. Kim, T. Hwang, S. R. Dugasani, R. Amin, A. Kulkarni, S. H. Park, and T. Kim, “Graphene based fiber optic surface plasmon resonance for bio-chemical sensor applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 187, 426–433 (2013).
[Crossref]

André, P. S.

L. Coelho, J. de Almeida, J. L. Santos, R. A. S. Ferreira, P. S. André, and D. Viegas, “Sensing structure based on surface plasmon resonance in chemically etched single mode optical fibres,” Plasmonics 10(2), 319–327 (2015).
[Crossref]

Andres, M. V.

A. Díez, M. V. Andres, and J. L. Cruz, “In-line fiber-optic sensors based on the excitation of surface plasma modes in metal-coated tapered fibers,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 73, 95–99 (2001).
[Crossref]

Arasu, P. T.

Y. Al-Qazwini, P. T. Arasu, and A. S. M. Noor, “Numerical investigation of the performance of an SPR-based optical fiber sensor in an aqueous environment using finite-difference time domain,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Photonics, (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Baiad, M. D.

Baillargeat, D.

S. Zeng, D. Baillargeat, H. P. Ho, and K. T. Yong, “Nanomaterials enhanced surface plasmon resonance for biological and chemical sensing applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(10), 3426–3452 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Banerji, S.

Bennion, I.

Berini, P.

P. Berini, “Bulk and surface sensitivities of surface plasmon waveguides,” New J. Phys. 10(10), 105010 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bocková, M.

S. Herranz, M. Bocková, M. D. Marazuela, J. Homola, and M. C. Moreno-Bondi, “An SPR biosensor for the detection of microcystins in drinking water,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 398(6), 2625–2634 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Booksh, K. S.

Bremer, K.

Cao, S.

S. Cao, Y. Shao, Y. Wang, T. Wu, L. Zhang, Y. Huang, F. Zhang, C. Liao, J. He, and Y. Wang, “Highly sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on a low-index polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 26(4), 3988–3994 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Caucheteur, C.

C. Caucheteur, T. Guo, and J. Albert, “Review of plasmonic fiber optic biochemical sensors: improving the limit of detection,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 407(14), 3883–3897 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Caucheteur, V. Voisin, and J. Albert, “Near-infrared grating-assisted SPR optical fiber sensors: design rules for ultimate refractometric sensitivity,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2918–2932 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C.

Y. Luo, C. Chen, K. Xia, S. Peng, H. Guan, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Tungsten disulfide (WS2) based all-fiber-optic humidity sensor,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8956–8966 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Mao, Y. Luo, C. Chen, S. Peng, X. Feng, J. Tang, J. Fang, J. Zhang, H. Lu, J. Yu, and Z. Chen, “Design and optimization of surface plasmon resonance sensor based on multimode fiber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(6), 1495–1502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

A. Li, YA. Al Amin, X. Chen, and TW. Shieh, “Reception of mode and polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB8.

Chen, Y.

H. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Feng, X. Xiong, S. Hu, Z. Jiang, J. Dong, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Guan, H. Lu, J. Yu, Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, M. He, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “Long-Range Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Side-Polished Fiber for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 1–9 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Jiang, J. Dong, S. Hu, Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Lu, H. Guan, Y. Zhong, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “High-sensitivity vector magnetic field sensor based on side-polished fiber plasmon and ferrofluid,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4743–4746 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

H. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Feng, X. Xiong, S. Hu, Z. Jiang, J. Dong, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Guan, H. Lu, J. Yu, Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, M. He, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “Long-Range Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Side-Polished Fiber for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 1–9 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Yang, X. Xiong, R. He, Y. Luo, J. Tang, J. Dong, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and M. Liu, “Halloysite nanotube-modified plasmonic interface for highly sensitive refractive index sensing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5933–5940 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wang, H. Zhang, J. Dong, S. Hu, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, S. Gao, Z. Li, W. Liu, M. He, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and Y. Luo, “Sensitivity-enhanced surface plasmon resonance sensor utilizing a tungsten disulfide (WS 2) nanosheets overlayer,” Photon. Res. 6(6), 485–491 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Jiang, J. Dong, S. Hu, Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Lu, H. Guan, Y. Zhong, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “High-sensitivity vector magnetic field sensor based on side-polished fiber plasmon and ferrofluid,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4743–4746 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, J. Dong, Y. Luo, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Indium Tin Oxide Coated Two-Mode Fiber for Enhanced SPR Sensor in Near-Infrared Region,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, C. Chen, K. Xia, S. Peng, H. Guan, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Tungsten disulfide (WS2) based all-fiber-optic humidity sensor,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8956–8966 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Mao, Y. Luo, C. Chen, S. Peng, X. Feng, J. Tang, J. Fang, J. Zhang, H. Lu, J. Yu, and Z. Chen, “Design and optimization of surface plasmon resonance sensor based on multimode fiber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(6), 1495–1502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chi, M. H.

M. H. Chiu, C. H. Shih, and M. H. Chi, “Optimum sensitivity of single-mode D-type optical fiber sensor in the intensity measurement,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 123(2), 1120–1124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chiang, K. S.

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Temperature-insensitive mode converters with CO2-laser written long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(9), 1006–1009 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Mode-locked fiber laser with transverse-mode selection based on a two-mode FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1766–1769 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chiu, M. H.

M. H. Chiu, C. H. Shih, and M. H. Chi, “Optimum sensitivity of single-mode D-type optical fiber sensor in the intensity measurement,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 123(2), 1120–1124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Coelho, L.

H. Moayyed, I. T. Leite, L. Coelho, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Analysis of a plasmonic based optical fiber optrode with phase interrogation,” Photonic Sens. 6(3), 221–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Coelho, J. de Almeida, J. L. Santos, R. A. S. Ferreira, P. S. André, and D. Viegas, “Sensing structure based on surface plasmon resonance in chemically etched single mode optical fibres,” Plasmonics 10(2), 319–327 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Moayyed, I. T. Leite, L. Coelho, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Analysis of phase interrogated SPR fiber optic sensors with bimetallic layers,” IEEE Sens. J. 14(10), 3662–3668 (2014).
[Crossref]

Coelho, L. C. C.

Cruz, J. L.

A. Díez, M. V. Andres, and J. L. Cruz, “In-line fiber-optic sensors based on the excitation of surface plasma modes in metal-coated tapered fibers,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 73, 95–99 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ctyroký, J.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manıková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 236–242 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance based on a polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 236–242 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dash, J. N.

J. N. Dash and R. Jha, “On the performance of graphene-based D-shaped photonic crystal fibre biosensor using surface plasmon resonance,” Plasmonics 10(5), 1123–1131 (2015).

de Almeida, J.

L. Coelho, J. de Almeida, J. L. Santos, R. A. S. Ferreira, P. S. André, and D. Viegas, “Sensing structure based on surface plasmon resonance in chemically etched single mode optical fibres,” Plasmonics 10(2), 319–327 (2015).
[Crossref]

de Almeida, J. M. M. M.

Delport, F.

J. Pollet, F. Delport, K. P. F. Janssen, K. Jans, G. Maes, H. Pfeiffer, M. Wevers, and J. Lammertyn, “Fiber optic SPR biosensing of DNA hybridization and DNA-protein interactions,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(4), 864–869 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Díez, A.

A. Díez, M. V. Andres, and J. L. Cruz, “In-line fiber-optic sensors based on the excitation of surface plasma modes in metal-coated tapered fibers,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 73, 95–99 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ding, Z. W.

Dong, J.

H. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Feng, X. Xiong, S. Hu, Z. Jiang, J. Dong, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Guan, H. Lu, J. Yu, Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, M. He, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “Long-Range Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Side-Polished Fiber for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 1–9 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Yang, X. Xiong, R. He, Y. Luo, J. Tang, J. Dong, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and M. Liu, “Halloysite nanotube-modified plasmonic interface for highly sensitive refractive index sensing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5933–5940 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Jiang, J. Dong, S. Hu, Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Lu, H. Guan, Y. Zhong, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “High-sensitivity vector magnetic field sensor based on side-polished fiber plasmon and ferrofluid,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4743–4746 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wang, H. Zhang, J. Dong, S. Hu, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, S. Gao, Z. Li, W. Liu, M. He, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and Y. Luo, “Sensitivity-enhanced surface plasmon resonance sensor utilizing a tungsten disulfide (WS 2) nanosheets overlayer,” Photon. Res. 6(6), 485–491 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, J. Dong, Y. Luo, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Indium Tin Oxide Coated Two-Mode Fiber for Enhanced SPR Sensor in Near-Infrared Region,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Temperature-insensitive mode converters with CO2-laser written long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(9), 1006–1009 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Mode-locked fiber laser with transverse-mode selection based on a two-mode FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1766–1769 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dugasani, S. R.

J. A. Kim, T. Hwang, S. R. Dugasani, R. Amin, A. Kulkarni, S. H. Park, and T. Kim, “Graphene based fiber optic surface plasmon resonance for bio-chemical sensor applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 187, 426–433 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dyshlyuk, A. V.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

E. Klantsataya, P. Jia, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Plasmonic fiber optic refractometric sensors: From conventional architectures to recent design trends,” Sensors (Basel) 17, 12 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, J.

P. Mao, Y. Luo, C. Chen, S. Peng, X. Feng, J. Tang, J. Fang, J. Zhang, H. Lu, J. Yu, and Z. Chen, “Design and optimization of surface plasmon resonance sensor based on multimode fiber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(6), 1495–1502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Feng, X.

H. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Feng, X. Xiong, S. Hu, Z. Jiang, J. Dong, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Guan, H. Lu, J. Yu, Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, M. He, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “Long-Range Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Side-Polished Fiber for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 1–9 (2019).
[Crossref]

P. Mao, Y. Luo, C. Chen, S. Peng, X. Feng, J. Tang, J. Fang, J. Zhang, H. Lu, J. Yu, and Z. Chen, “Design and optimization of surface plasmon resonance sensor based on multimode fiber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(6), 1495–1502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ferreira, R. A. S.

L. Coelho, J. de Almeida, J. L. Santos, R. A. S. Ferreira, P. S. André, and D. Viegas, “Sensing structure based on surface plasmon resonance in chemically etched single mode optical fibres,” Plasmonics 10(2), 319–327 (2015).
[Crossref]

François, A.

E. Klantsataya, P. Jia, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Plasmonic fiber optic refractometric sensors: From conventional architectures to recent design trends,” Sensors (Basel) 17, 12 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, C.

J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gao, S.

Guan, H.

H. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Feng, X. Xiong, S. Hu, Z. Jiang, J. Dong, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Guan, H. Lu, J. Yu, Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, M. He, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “Long-Range Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Side-Polished Fiber for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 1–9 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Yang, X. Xiong, R. He, Y. Luo, J. Tang, J. Dong, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and M. Liu, “Halloysite nanotube-modified plasmonic interface for highly sensitive refractive index sensing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5933–5940 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wang, H. Zhang, J. Dong, S. Hu, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, S. Gao, Z. Li, W. Liu, M. He, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and Y. Luo, “Sensitivity-enhanced surface plasmon resonance sensor utilizing a tungsten disulfide (WS 2) nanosheets overlayer,” Photon. Res. 6(6), 485–491 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Jiang, J. Dong, S. Hu, Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Lu, H. Guan, Y. Zhong, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “High-sensitivity vector magnetic field sensor based on side-polished fiber plasmon and ferrofluid,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4743–4746 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, J. Dong, Y. Luo, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Indium Tin Oxide Coated Two-Mode Fiber for Enhanced SPR Sensor in Near-Infrared Region,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, C. Chen, K. Xia, S. Peng, H. Guan, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Tungsten disulfide (WS2) based all-fiber-optic humidity sensor,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8956–8966 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, T.

C. Caucheteur, T. Guo, and J. Albert, “Review of plasmonic fiber optic biochemical sensors: improving the limit of detection,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 407(14), 3883–3897 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gupta, B. D.

S. K. Mishra and B. D. Gupta, “Surface plasmon resonance-based fiber-optic hydrogen gas sensor utilizing indium–tin oxide (ITO) thin films,” Plasmonics 7(4), 627–632 (2012).
[Crossref]

Han, W.-T.

He, J.

He, M.

H. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Feng, X. Xiong, S. Hu, Z. Jiang, J. Dong, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Guan, H. Lu, J. Yu, Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, M. He, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “Long-Range Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Side-Polished Fiber for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 1–9 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, H. Zhang, J. Dong, S. Hu, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, S. Gao, Z. Li, W. Liu, M. He, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and Y. Luo, “Sensitivity-enhanced surface plasmon resonance sensor utilizing a tungsten disulfide (WS 2) nanosheets overlayer,” Photon. Res. 6(6), 485–491 (2018).
[Crossref]

He, R.

M. Yang, X. Xiong, R. He, Y. Luo, J. Tang, J. Dong, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and M. Liu, “Halloysite nanotube-modified plasmonic interface for highly sensitive refractive index sensing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5933–5940 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herranz, S.

S. Herranz, M. Bocková, M. D. Marazuela, J. Homola, and M. C. Moreno-Bondi, “An SPR biosensor for the detection of microcystins in drinking water,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 398(6), 2625–2634 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herschel, R.

Higashi, S.

M. Mitsushio, S. Higashi, and M. Higo, “Construction and evaluation of a gold-deposited optical fiber sensor system for measurements of refractive indices of alcohols,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 111(2–3), 252–259 (2004).
[Crossref]

Higo, M.

M. Mitsushio, S. Higashi, and M. Higo, “Construction and evaluation of a gold-deposited optical fiber sensor system for measurements of refractive indices of alcohols,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 111(2–3), 252–259 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ho, H. P.

S. Zeng, D. Baillargeat, H. P. Ho, and K. T. Yong, “Nanomaterials enhanced surface plasmon resonance for biological and chemical sensing applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(10), 3426–3452 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Homola, J.

S. Herranz, M. Bocková, M. D. Marazuela, J. Homola, and M. C. Moreno-Bondi, “An SPR biosensor for the detection of microcystins in drinking water,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 398(6), 2625–2634 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manıková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 236–242 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance based on a polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 236–242 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hu, S.

Huang, T.

T. Huang, “Highly sensitive SPR sensor based on D-shaped photonic crystal fiber coated with indium tin oxide at near-infrared wavelength,” Plasmonics 12(3), 583–588 (2017).

Huang, Y.

Hwang, T.

J. A. Kim, T. Hwang, S. R. Dugasani, R. Amin, A. Kulkarni, S. H. Park, and T. Kim, “Graphene based fiber optic surface plasmon resonance for bio-chemical sensor applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 187, 426–433 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jang, H. S.

H. S. Jang, K. N. Park, C. D. Kang, J. P. Kim, S. J. Sim, and K. S. Lee, “Optical fiber SPR biosensor with sandwich assay for the detection of prostate specific antigen,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2827–2830 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jans, K.

J. Pollet, F. Delport, K. P. F. Janssen, K. Jans, G. Maes, H. Pfeiffer, M. Wevers, and J. Lammertyn, “Fiber optic SPR biosensing of DNA hybridization and DNA-protein interactions,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(4), 864–869 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Janssen, K. P. F.

J. Pollet, F. Delport, K. P. F. Janssen, K. Jans, G. Maes, H. Pfeiffer, M. Wevers, and J. Lammertyn, “Fiber optic SPR biosensing of DNA hybridization and DNA-protein interactions,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(4), 864–869 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeong, S.

Jha, R.

J. N. Dash and R. Jha, “On the performance of graphene-based D-shaped photonic crystal fibre biosensor using surface plasmon resonance,” Plasmonics 10(5), 1123–1131 (2015).

Jia, P.

E. Klantsataya, P. Jia, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Plasmonic fiber optic refractometric sensors: From conventional architectures to recent design trends,” Sensors (Basel) 17, 12 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Z.

H. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Feng, X. Xiong, S. Hu, Z. Jiang, J. Dong, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Guan, H. Lu, J. Yu, Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, M. He, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “Long-Range Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Side-Polished Fiber for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 1–9 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Jiang, J. Dong, S. Hu, Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Lu, H. Guan, Y. Zhong, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “High-sensitivity vector magnetic field sensor based on side-polished fiber plasmon and ferrofluid,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4743–4746 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jorgenson, R. C.

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, “A fiber-optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 12(3), 213–220 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ju, S.

Jun, S. B.

Kabashin, A.

Kang, C. D.

H. S. Jang, K. N. Park, C. D. Kang, J. P. Kim, S. J. Sim, and K. S. Lee, “Optical fiber SPR biosensor with sandwich assay for the detection of prostate specific antigen,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2827–2830 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kashyap, R.

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H. S. Jang, K. N. Park, C. D. Kang, J. P. Kim, S. J. Sim, and K. S. Lee, “Optical fiber SPR biosensor with sandwich assay for the detection of prostate specific antigen,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2827–2830 (2009).
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Kim, S. J.

Kim, T.

J. A. Kim, T. Hwang, S. R. Dugasani, R. Amin, A. Kulkarni, S. H. Park, and T. Kim, “Graphene based fiber optic surface plasmon resonance for bio-chemical sensor applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 187, 426–433 (2013).
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Kim, Y. C.

Klantsataya, E.

E. Klantsataya, P. Jia, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Plasmonic fiber optic refractometric sensors: From conventional architectures to recent design trends,” Sensors (Basel) 17, 12 (2016).
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Kulkarni, A.

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J. Pollet, F. Delport, K. P. F. Janssen, K. Jans, G. Maes, H. Pfeiffer, M. Wevers, and J. Lammertyn, “Fiber optic SPR biosensing of DNA hybridization and DNA-protein interactions,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(4), 864–869 (2009).
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Lee, K. S.

H. S. Jang, K. N. Park, C. D. Kang, J. P. Kim, S. J. Sim, and K. S. Lee, “Optical fiber SPR biosensor with sandwich assay for the detection of prostate specific antigen,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2827–2830 (2009).
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Lee, S.-H.

Leite, I. T.

H. Moayyed, I. T. Leite, L. Coelho, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Analysis of a plasmonic based optical fiber optrode with phase interrogation,” Photonic Sens. 6(3), 221–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Moayyed, I. T. Leite, L. Coelho, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Analysis of phase interrogated SPR fiber optic sensors with bimetallic layers,” IEEE Sens. J. 14(10), 3662–3668 (2014).
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A. Li, YA. Al Amin, X. Chen, and TW. Shieh, “Reception of mode and polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB8.

Li, Z.

Lian, J.

J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
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J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
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S. Cao, Y. Shao, Y. Wang, T. Wu, L. Zhang, Y. Huang, F. Zhang, C. Liao, J. He, and Y. Wang, “Highly sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on a low-index polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 26(4), 3988–3994 (2018).
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J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
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J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
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Liu, M.

M. Yang, X. Xiong, R. He, Y. Luo, J. Tang, J. Dong, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and M. Liu, “Halloysite nanotube-modified plasmonic interface for highly sensitive refractive index sensing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5933–5940 (2018).
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Y. Zhao, Y. Liu, C. Zhang, L. Zhang, G. Zheng, C. Mou, J. Wen, and T. Wang, “All-fiber mode converter based on long-period fiber gratings written in few-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 42(22), 4708–4711 (2017).
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Liu, Z.

Y. Zhang, P. Liang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Z. Zhu, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Cascaded distributed multichannel fiber SPR sensor based on gold film thickness adjustment approach,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 267, 526–531 (2017).
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M. Yang, X. Xiong, R. He, Y. Luo, J. Tang, J. Dong, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and M. Liu, “Halloysite nanotube-modified plasmonic interface for highly sensitive refractive index sensing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5933–5940 (2018).
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Y. Wang, J. Dong, Y. Luo, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Indium Tin Oxide Coated Two-Mode Fiber for Enhanced SPR Sensor in Near-Infrared Region,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
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Y. Luo, C. Chen, K. Xia, S. Peng, H. Guan, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Tungsten disulfide (WS2) based all-fiber-optic humidity sensor,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8956–8966 (2016).
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P. Mao, Y. Luo, C. Chen, S. Peng, X. Feng, J. Tang, J. Fang, J. Zhang, H. Lu, J. Yu, and Z. Chen, “Design and optimization of surface plasmon resonance sensor based on multimode fiber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(6), 1495–1502 (2015).
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Luo, Y.

H. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Feng, X. Xiong, S. Hu, Z. Jiang, J. Dong, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Guan, H. Lu, J. Yu, Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, M. He, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “Long-Range Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Side-Polished Fiber for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 1–9 (2019).
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M. Yang, X. Xiong, R. He, Y. Luo, J. Tang, J. Dong, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and M. Liu, “Halloysite nanotube-modified plasmonic interface for highly sensitive refractive index sensing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5933–5940 (2018).
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H. Wang, H. Zhang, J. Dong, S. Hu, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, S. Gao, Z. Li, W. Liu, M. He, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and Y. Luo, “Sensitivity-enhanced surface plasmon resonance sensor utilizing a tungsten disulfide (WS 2) nanosheets overlayer,” Photon. Res. 6(6), 485–491 (2018).
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Z. Jiang, J. Dong, S. Hu, Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Lu, H. Guan, Y. Zhong, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “High-sensitivity vector magnetic field sensor based on side-polished fiber plasmon and ferrofluid,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4743–4746 (2018).
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Y. Wang, J. Dong, Y. Luo, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Indium Tin Oxide Coated Two-Mode Fiber for Enhanced SPR Sensor in Near-Infrared Region,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
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Y. Luo, C. Chen, K. Xia, S. Peng, H. Guan, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Tungsten disulfide (WS2) based all-fiber-optic humidity sensor,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8956–8966 (2016).
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P. Mao, Y. Luo, C. Chen, S. Peng, X. Feng, J. Tang, J. Fang, J. Zhang, H. Lu, J. Yu, and Z. Chen, “Design and optimization of surface plasmon resonance sensor based on multimode fiber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(6), 1495–1502 (2015).
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Maes, G.

J. Pollet, F. Delport, K. P. F. Janssen, K. Jans, G. Maes, H. Pfeiffer, M. Wevers, and J. Lammertyn, “Fiber optic SPR biosensing of DNA hybridization and DNA-protein interactions,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(4), 864–869 (2009).
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M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manıková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 236–242 (2003).
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M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance based on a polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 236–242 (2003).
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P. Mao, Y. Luo, C. Chen, S. Peng, X. Feng, J. Tang, J. Fang, J. Zhang, H. Lu, J. Yu, and Z. Chen, “Design and optimization of surface plasmon resonance sensor based on multimode fiber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(6), 1495–1502 (2015).
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Marazuela, M. D.

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S. K. Mishra and B. D. Gupta, “Surface plasmon resonance-based fiber-optic hydrogen gas sensor utilizing indium–tin oxide (ITO) thin films,” Plasmonics 7(4), 627–632 (2012).
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H. Moayyed, I. T. Leite, L. Coelho, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Analysis of a plasmonic based optical fiber optrode with phase interrogation,” Photonic Sens. 6(3), 221–233 (2016).
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L. C. C. Coelho, J. M. M. M. de Almeida, H. Moayyed, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Multiplexing of surface plasmon resonance sensing devices on etched single-mode fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(2), 432–438 (2015).
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H. Moayyed, I. T. Leite, L. Coelho, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Analysis of phase interrogated SPR fiber optic sensors with bimetallic layers,” IEEE Sens. J. 14(10), 3662–3668 (2014).
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Monro, T. M.

E. Klantsataya, P. Jia, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Plasmonic fiber optic refractometric sensors: From conventional architectures to recent design trends,” Sensors (Basel) 17, 12 (2016).
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Moreno-Bondi, M. C.

S. Herranz, M. Bocková, M. D. Marazuela, J. Homola, and M. C. Moreno-Bondi, “An SPR biosensor for the detection of microcystins in drinking water,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 398(6), 2625–2634 (2010).
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H. S. Jang, K. N. Park, C. D. Kang, J. P. Kim, S. J. Sim, and K. S. Lee, “Optical fiber SPR biosensor with sandwich assay for the detection of prostate specific antigen,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2827–2830 (2009).
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Park, S. H.

J. A. Kim, T. Hwang, S. R. Dugasani, R. Amin, A. Kulkarni, S. H. Park, and T. Kim, “Graphene based fiber optic surface plasmon resonance for bio-chemical sensor applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 187, 426–433 (2013).
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Peng, S.

Y. Luo, C. Chen, K. Xia, S. Peng, H. Guan, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Tungsten disulfide (WS2) based all-fiber-optic humidity sensor,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8956–8966 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Mao, Y. Luo, C. Chen, S. Peng, X. Feng, J. Tang, J. Fang, J. Zhang, H. Lu, J. Yu, and Z. Chen, “Design and optimization of surface plasmon resonance sensor based on multimode fiber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(6), 1495–1502 (2015).
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Peng, W.

Pfeiffer, H.

J. Pollet, F. Delport, K. P. F. Janssen, K. Jans, G. Maes, H. Pfeiffer, M. Wevers, and J. Lammertyn, “Fiber optic SPR biosensing of DNA hybridization and DNA-protein interactions,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(4), 864–869 (2009).
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Piliarik, M.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manıková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 236–242 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance based on a polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1–3), 236–242 (2003).
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J. Pollet, F. Delport, K. P. F. Janssen, K. Jans, G. Maes, H. Pfeiffer, M. Wevers, and J. Lammertyn, “Fiber optic SPR biosensing of DNA hybridization and DNA-protein interactions,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(4), 864–869 (2009).
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S. Shukla, N. K. Sharma, and V. Sajal, “Sensitivity enhancement of a surface plasmon resonance based fiber optic sensor using ZnO thin film: a theoretical study,” Sens. Actuators, B 206(1), 463–470 (2015).

Santos, J. L.

H. Moayyed, I. T. Leite, L. Coelho, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Analysis of a plasmonic based optical fiber optrode with phase interrogation,” Photonic Sens. 6(3), 221–233 (2016).
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L. Coelho, J. de Almeida, J. L. Santos, R. A. S. Ferreira, P. S. André, and D. Viegas, “Sensing structure based on surface plasmon resonance in chemically etched single mode optical fibres,” Plasmonics 10(2), 319–327 (2015).
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L. C. C. Coelho, J. M. M. M. de Almeida, H. Moayyed, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Multiplexing of surface plasmon resonance sensing devices on etched single-mode fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(2), 432–438 (2015).
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H. Moayyed, I. T. Leite, L. Coelho, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Analysis of phase interrogated SPR fiber optic sensors with bimetallic layers,” IEEE Sens. J. 14(10), 3662–3668 (2014).
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K. Takagi, H. Sasaki, A. Seki, and K. Watanabe, “Surface plasmon resonances of a curved hetero-core optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 161(1–2), 1–5 (2010).

Shao, Y.

Sharma, N. K.

S. Shukla, N. K. Sharma, and V. Sajal, “Sensitivity enhancement of a surface plasmon resonance based fiber optic sensor using ZnO thin film: a theoretical study,” Sens. Actuators, B 206(1), 463–470 (2015).

Shieh, TW.

A. Li, YA. Al Amin, X. Chen, and TW. Shieh, “Reception of mode and polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB8.

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S. Shukla, N. K. Sharma, and V. Sajal, “Sensitivity enhancement of a surface plasmon resonance based fiber optic sensor using ZnO thin film: a theoretical study,” Sens. Actuators, B 206(1), 463–470 (2015).

Sim, S. J.

H. S. Jang, K. N. Park, C. D. Kang, J. P. Kim, S. J. Sim, and K. S. Lee, “Optical fiber SPR biosensor with sandwich assay for the detection of prostate specific antigen,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2827–2830 (2009).
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Skorobogatiy, M. A.

Takagi, K.

K. Takagi, H. Sasaki, A. Seki, and K. Watanabe, “Surface plasmon resonances of a curved hetero-core optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 161(1–2), 1–5 (2010).

Tang, J.

M. Yang, X. Xiong, R. He, Y. Luo, J. Tang, J. Dong, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and M. Liu, “Halloysite nanotube-modified plasmonic interface for highly sensitive refractive index sensing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5933–5940 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, J. Dong, Y. Luo, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Indium Tin Oxide Coated Two-Mode Fiber for Enhanced SPR Sensor in Near-Infrared Region,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, C. Chen, K. Xia, S. Peng, H. Guan, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Tungsten disulfide (WS2) based all-fiber-optic humidity sensor,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8956–8966 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Mao, Y. Luo, C. Chen, S. Peng, X. Feng, J. Tang, J. Fang, J. Zhang, H. Lu, J. Yu, and Z. Chen, “Design and optimization of surface plasmon resonance sensor based on multimode fiber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(6), 1495–1502 (2015).
[Crossref]

Viegas, D.

H. Moayyed, I. T. Leite, L. Coelho, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Analysis of a plasmonic based optical fiber optrode with phase interrogation,” Photonic Sens. 6(3), 221–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Coelho, J. de Almeida, J. L. Santos, R. A. S. Ferreira, P. S. André, and D. Viegas, “Sensing structure based on surface plasmon resonance in chemically etched single mode optical fibres,” Plasmonics 10(2), 319–327 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. C. C. Coelho, J. M. M. M. de Almeida, H. Moayyed, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Multiplexing of surface plasmon resonance sensing devices on etched single-mode fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(2), 432–438 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Moayyed, I. T. Leite, L. Coelho, J. L. Santos, and D. Viegas, “Analysis of phase interrogated SPR fiber optic sensors with bimetallic layers,” IEEE Sens. J. 14(10), 3662–3668 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vitrik, O. B.

Voisin, V.

Wang, G.

J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Wang, R.

Wang, T.

Y. Zhao, Y. Liu, C. Zhang, L. Zhang, G. Zheng, C. Mou, J. Wen, and T. Wang, “All-fiber mode converter based on long-period fiber gratings written in few-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 42(22), 4708–4711 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, Y. Zhao, and T. Wang, “High sensitivity twist sensor based on helical long-period grating written in two-mode fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1629–1632 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

S. Cao, Y. Shao, Y. Wang, T. Wu, L. Zhang, Y. Huang, F. Zhang, C. Liao, J. He, and Y. Wang, “Highly sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on a low-index polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 26(4), 3988–3994 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Cao, Y. Shao, Y. Wang, T. Wu, L. Zhang, Y. Huang, F. Zhang, C. Liao, J. He, and Y. Wang, “Highly sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on a low-index polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 26(4), 3988–3994 (2018).
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Z. W. Ding, T. T. Lang, Y. Wang, and C.-L. Zhao, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive index sensor based on tapered coreless optical fiber structure,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(21), 4734–4739 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, J. Dong, Y. Luo, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Indium Tin Oxide Coated Two-Mode Fiber for Enhanced SPR Sensor in Near-Infrared Region,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, P. Liang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Z. Zhu, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Cascaded distributed multichannel fiber SPR sensor based on gold film thickness adjustment approach,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 267, 526–531 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
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J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
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J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
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Watanabe, K.

K. Takagi, H. Sasaki, A. Seki, and K. Watanabe, “Surface plasmon resonances of a curved hetero-core optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 161(1–2), 1–5 (2010).

Webb, D. J.

Wei, Y.

Y. Zhang, P. Liang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Z. Zhu, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Cascaded distributed multichannel fiber SPR sensor based on gold film thickness adjustment approach,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 267, 526–531 (2017).
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Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Twin-core fiber SPR sensor,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2826–2829 (2015).
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Wen, J.

Wevers, M.

J. Pollet, F. Delport, K. P. F. Janssen, K. Jans, G. Maes, H. Pfeiffer, M. Wevers, and J. Lammertyn, “Fiber optic SPR biosensing of DNA hybridization and DNA-protein interactions,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(4), 864–869 (2009).
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Wu, T.

Xia, K.

Xiao, Y.

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H. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Feng, X. Xiong, S. Hu, Z. Jiang, J. Dong, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Guan, H. Lu, J. Yu, Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, M. He, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “Long-Range Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Side-Polished Fiber for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 1–9 (2019).
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M. Yang, X. Xiong, R. He, Y. Luo, J. Tang, J. Dong, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and M. Liu, “Halloysite nanotube-modified plasmonic interface for highly sensitive refractive index sensing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5933–5940 (2018).
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J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
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J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
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J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
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J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
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Yang, J.

Y. Zhang, P. Liang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Z. Zhu, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Cascaded distributed multichannel fiber SPR sensor based on gold film thickness adjustment approach,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 267, 526–531 (2017).
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Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Twin-core fiber SPR sensor,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2826–2829 (2015).
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M. Yang, X. Xiong, R. He, Y. Luo, J. Tang, J. Dong, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and M. Liu, “Halloysite nanotube-modified plasmonic interface for highly sensitive refractive index sensing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5933–5940 (2018).
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Yao, J.

Yee, S. S.

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, “A fiber-optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 12(3), 213–220 (1993).
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Yong, K. T.

S. Zeng, D. Baillargeat, H. P. Ho, and K. T. Yong, “Nanomaterials enhanced surface plasmon resonance for biological and chemical sensing applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(10), 3426–3452 (2014).
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Y. Luo, C. Chen, K. Xia, S. Peng, H. Guan, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Tungsten disulfide (WS2) based all-fiber-optic humidity sensor,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8956–8966 (2016).
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Yuan, L.

Y. Zhang, P. Liang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Z. Zhu, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Cascaded distributed multichannel fiber SPR sensor based on gold film thickness adjustment approach,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 267, 526–531 (2017).
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Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Twin-core fiber SPR sensor,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2826–2829 (2015).
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S. Zeng, D. Baillargeat, H. P. Ho, and K. T. Yong, “Nanomaterials enhanced surface plasmon resonance for biological and chemical sensing applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(10), 3426–3452 (2014).
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Zhang, C.

Zhang, F.

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Feng, X. Xiong, S. Hu, Z. Jiang, J. Dong, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Guan, H. Lu, J. Yu, Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, M. He, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “Long-Range Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Side-Polished Fiber for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 1–9 (2019).
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Zhang, J.

H. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Feng, X. Xiong, S. Hu, Z. Jiang, J. Dong, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Guan, H. Lu, J. Yu, Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, M. He, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “Long-Range Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Side-Polished Fiber for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 1–9 (2019).
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M. Yang, X. Xiong, R. He, Y. Luo, J. Tang, J. Dong, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and M. Liu, “Halloysite nanotube-modified plasmonic interface for highly sensitive refractive index sensing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5933–5940 (2018).
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Y. Wang, J. Dong, Y. Luo, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Indium Tin Oxide Coated Two-Mode Fiber for Enhanced SPR Sensor in Near-Infrared Region,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–9 (2017).
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Y. Luo, C. Chen, K. Xia, S. Peng, H. Guan, J. Tang, H. Lu, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Tungsten disulfide (WS2) based all-fiber-optic humidity sensor,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8956–8966 (2016).
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P. Mao, Y. Luo, C. Chen, S. Peng, X. Feng, J. Tang, J. Fang, J. Zhang, H. Lu, J. Yu, and Z. Chen, “Design and optimization of surface plasmon resonance sensor based on multimode fiber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 47(6), 1495–1502 (2015).
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Zhang, L.

Zhang, Y.

Z. Jiang, J. Dong, S. Hu, Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Lu, H. Guan, Y. Zhong, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “High-sensitivity vector magnetic field sensor based on side-polished fiber plasmon and ferrofluid,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4743–4746 (2018).
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Y. Zhang, P. Liang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Z. Zhu, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Cascaded distributed multichannel fiber SPR sensor based on gold film thickness adjustment approach,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 267, 526–531 (2017).
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Y. Zhang, P. Liang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Z. Zhu, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Cascaded distributed multichannel fiber SPR sensor based on gold film thickness adjustment approach,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 267, 526–531 (2017).
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Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Twin-core fiber SPR sensor,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2826–2829 (2015).
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Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Twin-core fiber SPR sensor,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2826–2829 (2015).
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Zhao, C.-L.

Zhao, E.

Y. Zhang, P. Liang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Z. Zhu, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Cascaded distributed multichannel fiber SPR sensor based on gold film thickness adjustment approach,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 267, 526–531 (2017).
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Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Twin-core fiber SPR sensor,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2826–2829 (2015).
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Zhao, J.

J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
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J. Zhao, S. Cao, C. Liao, Y. Wang, G. Wang, X. Xu, C. Fu, G. Xu, J. Lian, and Y. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
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Zhong, Y.

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Z. Jiang, J. Dong, S. Hu, Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Lu, H. Guan, Y. Zhong, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “High-sensitivity vector magnetic field sensor based on side-polished fiber plasmon and ferrofluid,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4743–4746 (2018).
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Zhu, W.

Zhu, Z.

Y. Zhang, P. Liang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Z. Zhu, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Cascaded distributed multichannel fiber SPR sensor based on gold film thickness adjustment approach,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 267, 526–531 (2017).
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M. Yang, X. Xiong, R. He, Y. Luo, J. Tang, J. Dong, H. Lu, J. Yu, H. Guan, J. Zhang, Z. Chen, and M. Liu, “Halloysite nanotube-modified plasmonic interface for highly sensitive refractive index sensing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5933–5940 (2018).
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J. Pollet, F. Delport, K. P. F. Janssen, K. Jans, G. Maes, H. Pfeiffer, M. Wevers, and J. Lammertyn, “Fiber optic SPR biosensing of DNA hybridization and DNA-protein interactions,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(4), 864–869 (2009).
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S. Zeng, D. Baillargeat, H. P. Ho, and K. T. Yong, “Nanomaterials enhanced surface plasmon resonance for biological and chemical sensing applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(10), 3426–3452 (2014).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Feng, X. Xiong, S. Hu, Z. Jiang, J. Dong, W. Zhu, W. Qiu, H. Guan, H. Lu, J. Yu, Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, M. He, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “Long-Range Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Side-Polished Fiber for Biosensing Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(2), 1–9 (2019).
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Sensors (Basel) (1)

E. Klantsataya, P. Jia, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and A. François, “Plasmonic fiber optic refractometric sensors: From conventional architectures to recent design trends,” Sensors (Basel) 17, 12 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

A. Li, YA. Al Amin, X. Chen, and TW. Shieh, “Reception of mode and polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB8.

Y. Al-Qazwini, P. T. Arasu, and A. S. M. Noor, “Numerical investigation of the performance of an SPR-based optical fiber sensor in an aqueous environment using finite-difference time domain,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Photonics, (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of the FMF-SPR sensor. (b) Cross section of the FMF-SPR sensor.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) 1D electrical field amplitude for coupling between the LP01 and the SP mode at 545 nm. (b) 1D electrical field amplitude for coupling between the LP11a and the SP mode at 545 nm. The inserts are the corresponding electric field distributions of the LP01 and LP11a modes and zoom-in of the coupling region.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Dispersion curves of the LP11a mode (solid line) and SP mode (dashed line). (b) Loss spectra of the LP11a mode and SP mode with ne = 1.33.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Transmission spectra of the sensor when the surrounding RI increases from 1.33 to 1.39. (b) The dependence of the resonant wavelength on the surrounding refractive index.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The dependence of transmittance spectrum on (a) the Au film thickness with SRI = 1.33, (b) the Au film thickness with SRI = 1.34, (c) the RFT with SRI = 1.33 and (d) the RFT with SRI = 1.34.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The dependence of (a) depth of resonance dip (b) FWHM (c) sensitivity and (d) FOM on the Au film thickness and RFT.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) The depth of resonance dip of the SPR transmission for the LP01, LP11a, LP11b, LP21a, LP21b modes. (b) Transmission spectra of the LP11a mode and the superposition of the LP01, LP11a, LP11b, LP21a, and LP21b modes.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) The diagram of the polished length and the residual fiber thickness. The measured RFTs of the side-polished FMFs #1 ~3 are (b) 69.89 μm, (c) 71.31 μm, and (d) 72.24 μm.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Three-dimensional AFM image of the SPR sensor surface. (b) SEM image of cross section of the sensor.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for RI sensing measurement.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 The transmission spectra with surrounding SRI varied from 1.333 to 1.404 for FMF-SPR sensors (a) #1, (b) #2, and (c) #3, and their corresponding resonance wavelength versus surrounding SRI for (d) #1, (e) #2, and (f) #3.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 (a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for BSA sensing measurement. (b) Measured transmission spectra for the #3 sensor (RFT of 72.24 μm) in different BSA concentrations. (c) Resonant wavelength as a function of the RI of different BSA solutions.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Comparison of various fiber-SPR sensor

Equations (3)

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T ( λ ) = e x p [ 4 π λ 0 i m a g ( n e f f ) L ) ]
S = Δ λ r e s Δ n e
F O M = S F W H M

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