Abstract

We present a broadband cw Cr4+:forsterite laser operating at room temperature with a lasing threshold of 0.8 W that is tunable in the spectral range from 7246 to 8361 cm–1 (1196–1380 nm). This laser is applied for highly sensitive measurements of gaseous absorption inside the cavity. The maximum sensitivity demonstrated in the experiment corresponds to an effective absorption path length of Leff = 2500 km. The spectral bandwidth of laser emission varies from 3 to 150 cm–1 depending on the laser pulse duration, enabling broadband multi-component absorption measurements. We demonstrate sensitive detection of various species (with estimated detection limits), such as H2O (25 ppt), O2 (3 ppm), CO2 (150 ppb), CH4 (2 ppb), HCl (6 ppb) and HF (2 ppt) using lab-scale absorption lengths of about one meter.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2018 (2)

P. Fjodorow, O. Hellmig, and V. M. Baev, “A broadband Tm/Ho-doped fiber laser tunable from 1.8 to 2.09 μm for intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 124(4), 62 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Tomberg, M. Vainio, T. Hieta, and L. Halonen, “Sub-parts-per-trillion level sensitivity in trace gas detection by cantilever-enhanced photo-acoustic spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 1848 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (2)

K. A. Subbotin, V. V. Slavkina, D. A. Lis, O. N. Lis, and E. V. Zharikov, “Evolution of Cr4+, Cr3+ and Cr2+ contents in Cr:Mg2SiO4 single crystals during their prolonged high-temperature oxidizing annealing,” J. Cryst. Growth 468, 718–723 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

P. Fjodorow, M. Fikri, C. Schulz, O. Hellmig, and V. M. Baev, “Time-resolved detection of temperature, concentration, and pressure in a shock tube by intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 122(6), 159 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Wu, K. Tillman, B. R. Washburn, and K. L. Corwin, “Carrier-envelope offset frequency linewidth narrowing in a Cr:forsterite laser-based frequency comb,” Appl. Opt. 55(34), 9810–9817 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

P. Fjodorow, I. Baev, O. Hellmig, K. Sengstock, and V. M. Baev, “Sensitive, time-resolved, broadband spectroscopy of single transient processes,” Appl. Phys. B 120(4), 667–673 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Göran Blume and S. Wagner, “Broadband supercontinuum laser absorption spectrometer for multiparameter gas phase combustion diagnostics,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3141–3144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Goldenstein, R. M. Spearrin, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Infrared laser absorption sensors for multiple performance parameters in a detonation combustor,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 35(3), 3739–3747 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

A. J. Fleisher, B. J. Bjork, T. Q. Bui, K. C. Cossel, M. Okumura, and J. Ye, “Mid-Infrared Time-Resolved Frequency Comb Spectroscopy of Transient Free Radicals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(13), 2241–2246 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Abd Alrahman, A. Khodabakhsh, F. M. Schmidt, Z. Qu, and A. Foltynowicz, “Cavity-enhanced optical frequency comb spectroscopy of high-temperature H2O in a flame,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13889–13895 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102(2), 331–344 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

V. F. Lebedev, S. Yu. Tenyakov, A. V. Gaister, A. V. Konyashchenko, E. V. Zharikov, and A. V. Shestakov, “Low-threshold, CW laser oscillation on Cr4+:Mg2SiO4 crystal,” Proc. SPIE 7822, 78220D (2010).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

A. Goldman, I. Rahinov, S. Cheskis, B. Löhden, S. Wexler, K. Sengstock, and V. M. Baev, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy of ammonia and hydrogen cyanide in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 423(1‑3), 147–151 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

I. Rahinov, A. Goldman, and S. Cheskis, “Intracavity laser absorption spectroscopy and cavity ring-down spectroscopy in low-pressure flames,” Appl. Phys. B 81(1), 143–149 (2005).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

C. Chudoba, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “All-solid-state Cr:forsterite laser generating 14-fs pulses at 1.3 mum,” Opt. Lett. 26(5), 292–294 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Lowry, C. W. Holmes, N. D. Rata, P. O’Brien, and E. G. Nisbet, “London methane emissions: Use of diurnal changes in concentration and δ13C to identify urban sources and verify inventories,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(D7), 7427–7448 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

V. M. Baev, T. Latz, and P. E. Toschek, “Laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 69(3), 171–202 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

N. Zhavoronkov, A. Avtukh, and V. Mikhailov, “Chromium-doped forsterite laser with 1.1 W of continuous-wave output power at room temperature,” Appl. Opt. 36(33), 8601–8605 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. T. McKinnie and R. Y. Choie, “Efficient laser operation of heavily doped Cr4+:forsterite,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 29(5), 605–610 (1997).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

V. G. Baryshevskii, M. V. Korzhik, A. E. Kimaev, M. G. Livshits, V. B. Pavlenko, M. L. Meil’man, and B. I. Minkov, “Tunable chromium forsterite laser in the near IR region,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 53(1), 675–676 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

H. R. Verdun, L. M. Thomas, D. M. Andrauskas, T. McCollum, and A. Pinto, “Chromium-doped forsterite laser pumped with 1.06 µm radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53(26), 2593–2595 (1988).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

V. A. Vratski and A. N. Korelov, “Attainment of quasicontinuous lasing due to F2+ and F3- color centers in NaF and its use in intracavity spectroscopy,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15(5), 718–719 (1985).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

Yu. V. Matyagin, N. A. Raspopov, A. N. Savchenko, and É. A. Sviridenkov, “Intracavity spectroscopy utilizing lasers based on F2- color centers in LiF crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13(9), 1246–1247 (1983).
[Crossref]

1974 (2)

H. E. Hunziker and H. R. Wend, “Near infrared absorption spectrum of HO2,” J. Chem. Phys. 60(11), 4622–4623 (1974).
[Crossref]

A. L. Bloom, “Modes of a laser resonator containing tilted birefringent plates*,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64(4), 447–452 (1974).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 373–379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Abd Alrahman, C.

Agnesi, A.

Alfano, R. R.

Andrauskas, D. M.

H. R. Verdun, L. M. Thomas, D. M. Andrauskas, T. McCollum, and A. Pinto, “Chromium-doped forsterite laser pumped with 1.06 µm radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53(26), 2593–2595 (1988).
[Crossref]

Angelow, G.

Avtukh, A.

Baev, I.

P. Fjodorow, I. Baev, O. Hellmig, K. Sengstock, and V. M. Baev, “Sensitive, time-resolved, broadband spectroscopy of single transient processes,” Appl. Phys. B 120(4), 667–673 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baev, V. M.

P. Fjodorow, O. Hellmig, and V. M. Baev, “A broadband Tm/Ho-doped fiber laser tunable from 1.8 to 2.09 μm for intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 124(4), 62 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Fjodorow, M. Fikri, C. Schulz, O. Hellmig, and V. M. Baev, “Time-resolved detection of temperature, concentration, and pressure in a shock tube by intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 122(6), 159 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Fjodorow, I. Baev, O. Hellmig, K. Sengstock, and V. M. Baev, “Sensitive, time-resolved, broadband spectroscopy of single transient processes,” Appl. Phys. B 120(4), 667–673 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102(2), 331–344 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Goldman, I. Rahinov, S. Cheskis, B. Löhden, S. Wexler, K. Sengstock, and V. M. Baev, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy of ammonia and hydrogen cyanide in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 423(1‑3), 147–151 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. M. Baev, T. Latz, and P. E. Toschek, “Laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 69(3), 171–202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Barbe, A.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Baryshevskii, V. G.

V. G. Baryshevskii, M. V. Korzhik, A. E. Kimaev, M. G. Livshits, V. B. Pavlenko, M. L. Meil’man, and B. I. Minkov, “Tunable chromium forsterite laser in the near IR region,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 53(1), 675–676 (1990).
[Crossref]

Bernath, P. F.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Birk, M.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bjork, B. J.

A. J. Fleisher, B. J. Bjork, T. Q. Bui, K. C. Cossel, M. Okumura, and J. Ye, “Mid-Infrared Time-Resolved Frequency Comb Spectroscopy of Transient Free Radicals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(13), 2241–2246 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bloom, A. L.

Boudon, V.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bui, T. Q.

A. J. Fleisher, B. J. Bjork, T. Q. Bui, K. C. Cossel, M. Okumura, and J. Ye, “Mid-Infrared Time-Resolved Frequency Comb Spectroscopy of Transient Free Radicals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(13), 2241–2246 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Campargue, A.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chance, K. V.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cheskis, S.

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102(2), 331–344 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Goldman, I. Rahinov, S. Cheskis, B. Löhden, S. Wexler, K. Sengstock, and V. M. Baev, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy of ammonia and hydrogen cyanide in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 423(1‑3), 147–151 (2006).
[Crossref]

I. Rahinov, A. Goldman, and S. Cheskis, “Intracavity laser absorption spectroscopy and cavity ring-down spectroscopy in low-pressure flames,” Appl. Phys. B 81(1), 143–149 (2005).
[Crossref]

Choie, R. Y.

I. T. McKinnie and R. Y. Choie, “Efficient laser operation of heavily doped Cr4+:forsterite,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 29(5), 605–610 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chudoba, C.

Corwin, K. L.

Cossel, K. C.

A. J. Fleisher, B. J. Bjork, T. Q. Bui, K. C. Cossel, M. Okumura, and J. Ye, “Mid-Infrared Time-Resolved Frequency Comb Spectroscopy of Transient Free Radicals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(13), 2241–2246 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Császár, A. G.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Devi, V. M.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Dienes, A.

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 373–379 (1972).
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Drouin, B. J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Fikri, M.

P. Fjodorow, M. Fikri, C. Schulz, O. Hellmig, and V. M. Baev, “Time-resolved detection of temperature, concentration, and pressure in a shock tube by intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 122(6), 159 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fjodorow, P.

P. Fjodorow, O. Hellmig, and V. M. Baev, “A broadband Tm/Ho-doped fiber laser tunable from 1.8 to 2.09 μm for intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 124(4), 62 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Fjodorow, M. Fikri, C. Schulz, O. Hellmig, and V. M. Baev, “Time-resolved detection of temperature, concentration, and pressure in a shock tube by intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 122(6), 159 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Fjodorow, I. Baev, O. Hellmig, K. Sengstock, and V. M. Baev, “Sensitive, time-resolved, broadband spectroscopy of single transient processes,” Appl. Phys. B 120(4), 667–673 (2015).
[Crossref]

Flaud, J.-M.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fleisher, A. J.

A. J. Fleisher, B. J. Bjork, T. Q. Bui, K. C. Cossel, M. Okumura, and J. Ye, “Mid-Infrared Time-Resolved Frequency Comb Spectroscopy of Transient Free Radicals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(13), 2241–2246 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Foltynowicz, A.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Furtenbache, T.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Gaister, A. V.

V. F. Lebedev, S. Yu. Tenyakov, A. V. Gaister, A. V. Konyashchenko, E. V. Zharikov, and A. V. Shestakov, “Low-threshold, CW laser oscillation on Cr4+:Mg2SiO4 crystal,” Proc. SPIE 7822, 78220D (2010).
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Gamache, R. R.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Goldenstein, C. S.

C. S. Goldenstein, R. M. Spearrin, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Infrared laser absorption sensors for multiple performance parameters in a detonation combustor,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 35(3), 3739–3747 (2015).
[Crossref]

Goldman, A.

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102(2), 331–344 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Goldman, I. Rahinov, S. Cheskis, B. Löhden, S. Wexler, K. Sengstock, and V. M. Baev, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy of ammonia and hydrogen cyanide in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 423(1‑3), 147–151 (2006).
[Crossref]

I. Rahinov, A. Goldman, and S. Cheskis, “Intracavity laser absorption spectroscopy and cavity ring-down spectroscopy in low-pressure flames,” Appl. Phys. B 81(1), 143–149 (2005).
[Crossref]

Göran Blume, N.

Gordon, I. E.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Halonen, L.

T. Tomberg, M. Vainio, T. Hieta, and L. Halonen, “Sub-parts-per-trillion level sensitivity in trace gas detection by cantilever-enhanced photo-acoustic spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 1848 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hanson, R. K.

C. S. Goldenstein, R. M. Spearrin, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Infrared laser absorption sensors for multiple performance parameters in a detonation combustor,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 35(3), 3739–3747 (2015).
[Crossref]

Harris, S. J.

Harrison, J. J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, J.-M.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

Hellmig, O.

P. Fjodorow, O. Hellmig, and V. M. Baev, “A broadband Tm/Ho-doped fiber laser tunable from 1.8 to 2.09 μm for intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 124(4), 62 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Fjodorow, M. Fikri, C. Schulz, O. Hellmig, and V. M. Baev, “Time-resolved detection of temperature, concentration, and pressure in a shock tube by intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 122(6), 159 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Fjodorow, I. Baev, O. Hellmig, K. Sengstock, and V. M. Baev, “Sensitive, time-resolved, broadband spectroscopy of single transient processes,” Appl. Phys. B 120(4), 667–673 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hieta, T.

T. Tomberg, M. Vainio, T. Hieta, and L. Halonen, “Sub-parts-per-trillion level sensitivity in trace gas detection by cantilever-enhanced photo-acoustic spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 1848 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hill, C.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hodges, J. T.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Holmes, C. W.

D. Lowry, C. W. Holmes, N. D. Rata, P. O’Brien, and E. G. Nisbet, “London methane emissions: Use of diurnal changes in concentration and δ13C to identify urban sources and verify inventories,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(D7), 7427–7448 (2001).
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Hunziker, H. E.

H. E. Hunziker and H. R. Wend, “Near infrared absorption spectrum of HO2,” J. Chem. Phys. 60(11), 4622–4623 (1974).
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Ippen, E. P.

Jacquemart, D.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Jeffries, J. B.

C. S. Goldenstein, R. M. Spearrin, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Infrared laser absorption sensors for multiple performance parameters in a detonation combustor,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 35(3), 3739–3747 (2015).
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I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Jolly, A.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Karman, T.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Kärtner, F. X.

Khodabakhsh, A.

Kimaev, A. E.

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Kleiner, I.

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Kogelnik, H. W.

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Konyashchenko, A. V.

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Korelov, A. N.

V. A. Vratski and A. N. Korelov, “Attainment of quasicontinuous lasing due to F2+ and F3- color centers in NaF and its use in intracavity spectroscopy,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15(5), 718–719 (1985).
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Korzhik, M. V.

V. G. Baryshevskii, M. V. Korzhik, A. E. Kimaev, M. G. Livshits, V. B. Pavlenko, M. L. Meil’man, and B. I. Minkov, “Tunable chromium forsterite laser in the near IR region,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 53(1), 675–676 (1990).
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Kuznetsova, S.

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102(2), 331–344 (2011).
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Kyuberis, A. A.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Lebedev, V. F.

V. F. Lebedev, S. Yu. Tenyakov, A. V. Gaister, A. V. Konyashchenko, E. V. Zharikov, and A. V. Shestakov, “Low-threshold, CW laser oscillation on Cr4+:Mg2SiO4 crystal,” Proc. SPIE 7822, 78220D (2010).
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Lis, D. A.

K. A. Subbotin, V. V. Slavkina, D. A. Lis, O. N. Lis, and E. V. Zharikov, “Evolution of Cr4+, Cr3+ and Cr2+ contents in Cr:Mg2SiO4 single crystals during their prolonged high-temperature oxidizing annealing,” J. Cryst. Growth 468, 718–723 (2017).
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Lis, O. N.

K. A. Subbotin, V. V. Slavkina, D. A. Lis, O. N. Lis, and E. V. Zharikov, “Evolution of Cr4+, Cr3+ and Cr2+ contents in Cr:Mg2SiO4 single crystals during their prolonged high-temperature oxidizing annealing,” J. Cryst. Growth 468, 718–723 (2017).
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Livshits, M. G.

V. G. Baryshevskii, M. V. Korzhik, A. E. Kimaev, M. G. Livshits, V. B. Pavlenko, M. L. Meil’man, and B. I. Minkov, “Tunable chromium forsterite laser in the near IR region,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 53(1), 675–676 (1990).
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Löhden, B.

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102(2), 331–344 (2011).
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A. Goldman, I. Rahinov, S. Cheskis, B. Löhden, S. Wexler, K. Sengstock, and V. M. Baev, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy of ammonia and hydrogen cyanide in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 423(1‑3), 147–151 (2006).
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Loos, J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Lyulin, O. M.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Massie, S. T.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Matyagin, Yu. V.

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McCollum, T.

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McKinnie, I. T.

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Meil’man, M. L.

V. G. Baryshevskii, M. V. Korzhik, A. E. Kimaev, M. G. Livshits, V. B. Pavlenko, M. L. Meil’man, and B. I. Minkov, “Tunable chromium forsterite laser in the near IR region,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 53(1), 675–676 (1990).
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Mikhailenko, S. N.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Mikhailov, V.

Minkov, B. I.

V. G. Baryshevskii, M. V. Korzhik, A. E. Kimaev, M. G. Livshits, V. B. Pavlenko, M. L. Meil’man, and B. I. Minkov, “Tunable chromium forsterite laser in the near IR region,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 53(1), 675–676 (1990).
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Moazzen-Ahmadi, N.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Morgner, U.

Müller, H. S. P.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Naumenko, O. V.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Nikitin, A. V.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Toon, G. C.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Toschek, P. E.

V. M. Baev, T. Latz, and P. E. Toschek, “Laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 69(3), 171–202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tran, H.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tschudi, T.

Tyuterev, V. G.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Vainio, M.

T. Tomberg, M. Vainio, T. Hieta, and L. Halonen, “Sub-parts-per-trillion level sensitivity in trace gas detection by cantilever-enhanced photo-acoustic spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 1848 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vande Auwera, J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Verdun, H. R.

H. R. Verdun, L. M. Thomas, D. M. Andrauskas, T. McCollum, and A. Pinto, “Chromium-doped forsterite laser pumped with 1.06 µm radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53(26), 2593–2595 (1988).
[Crossref]

Vratski, V. A.

V. A. Vratski and A. N. Korelov, “Attainment of quasicontinuous lasing due to F2+ and F3- color centers in NaF and its use in intracavity spectroscopy,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15(5), 718–719 (1985).
[Crossref]

Wagner, G.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Wagner, S.

Washburn, B. R.

Wcislo, P.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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Wend, H. R.

H. E. Hunziker and H. R. Wend, “Near infrared absorption spectrum of HO2,” J. Chem. Phys. 60(11), 4622–4623 (1974).
[Crossref]

Wexler, S.

A. Goldman, I. Rahinov, S. Cheskis, B. Löhden, S. Wexler, K. Sengstock, and V. M. Baev, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy of ammonia and hydrogen cyanide in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 423(1‑3), 147–151 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wilzewski, J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.

Ye, J.

A. J. Fleisher, B. J. Bjork, T. Q. Bui, K. C. Cossel, M. Okumura, and J. Ye, “Mid-Infrared Time-Resolved Frequency Comb Spectroscopy of Transient Free Radicals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(13), 2241–2246 (2014).
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Yu, S.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zak, E. J.

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zharikov, E. V.

K. A. Subbotin, V. V. Slavkina, D. A. Lis, O. N. Lis, and E. V. Zharikov, “Evolution of Cr4+, Cr3+ and Cr2+ contents in Cr:Mg2SiO4 single crystals during their prolonged high-temperature oxidizing annealing,” J. Cryst. Growth 468, 718–723 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. F. Lebedev, S. Yu. Tenyakov, A. V. Gaister, A. V. Konyashchenko, E. V. Zharikov, and A. V. Shestakov, “Low-threshold, CW laser oscillation on Cr4+:Mg2SiO4 crystal,” Proc. SPIE 7822, 78220D (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhavoronkov, N.

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P. Fjodorow, I. Baev, O. Hellmig, K. Sengstock, and V. M. Baev, “Sensitive, time-resolved, broadband spectroscopy of single transient processes,” Appl. Phys. B 120(4), 667–673 (2015).
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P. Fjodorow, M. Fikri, C. Schulz, O. Hellmig, and V. M. Baev, “Time-resolved detection of temperature, concentration, and pressure in a shock tube by intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 122(6), 159 (2016).
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V. M. Baev, T. Latz, and P. E. Toschek, “Laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 69(3), 171–202 (1999).
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I. Rahinov, A. Goldman, and S. Cheskis, “Intracavity laser absorption spectroscopy and cavity ring-down spectroscopy in low-pressure flames,” Appl. Phys. B 81(1), 143–149 (2005).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. R. Verdun, L. M. Thomas, D. M. Andrauskas, T. McCollum, and A. Pinto, “Chromium-doped forsterite laser pumped with 1.06 µm radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53(26), 2593–2595 (1988).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Goldman, I. Rahinov, S. Cheskis, B. Löhden, S. Wexler, K. Sengstock, and V. M. Baev, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy of ammonia and hydrogen cyanide in low pressure hydrocarbon flames,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 423(1‑3), 147–151 (2006).
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V. G. Baryshevskii, M. V. Korzhik, A. E. Kimaev, M. G. Livshits, V. B. Pavlenko, M. L. Meil’man, and B. I. Minkov, “Tunable chromium forsterite laser in the near IR region,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 53(1), 675–676 (1990).
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H. E. Hunziker and H. R. Wend, “Near infrared absorption spectrum of HO2,” J. Chem. Phys. 60(11), 4622–4623 (1974).
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K. A. Subbotin, V. V. Slavkina, D. A. Lis, O. N. Lis, and E. V. Zharikov, “Evolution of Cr4+, Cr3+ and Cr2+ contents in Cr:Mg2SiO4 single crystals during their prolonged high-temperature oxidizing annealing,” J. Cryst. Growth 468, 718–723 (2017).
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J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

I. E. Gordon, L. S. Rothman, C. Hill, R. V. Kochanov, Y. Tan, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, A. Campargue, K. V. Chance, B. J. Drouin, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, K. P. Shine, M.-A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, H. Tran, V. G. Tyuterev, A. Barbe, A. G. Császár, V. M. Devi, T. Furtenbache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, A. Jolly, T. J. Johnson, T. Karman, I. Kleiner, A. A. Kyuberis, J. Loos, O. M. Lyulin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, O. L. Polyansky, M. Rey, M. Rotger, S. W. Sharpe, K. Sung, E. Starikov, S. A. Tashkun, J. Vande Auwera, G. Wagner, J. Wilzewski, P. Wcisło, S. Yu, and E. J. Zak, “The HITRAN2016 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 203, 3–69 (2017).
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C. S. Goldenstein, R. M. Spearrin, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Infrared laser absorption sensors for multiple performance parameters in a detonation combustor,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 35(3), 3739–3747 (2015).
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Proc. SPIE (1)

V. F. Lebedev, S. Yu. Tenyakov, A. V. Gaister, A. V. Konyashchenko, E. V. Zharikov, and A. V. Shestakov, “Low-threshold, CW laser oscillation on Cr4+:Mg2SiO4 crystal,” Proc. SPIE 7822, 78220D (2010).
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Sci. Rep. (1)

T. Tomberg, M. Vainio, T. Hieta, and L. Halonen, “Sub-parts-per-trillion level sensitivity in trace gas detection by cantilever-enhanced photo-acoustic spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 1848 (2018).
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E. Dlugokencky, NOAA/ESRL ( www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends_ch4/ ).

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Diagrams of the control signal for the pump laser (green), the pump laser emission (blue) and the Cr4+:forsterite laser emission (red). Left: modulation of the pump laser at full modulation depth. Right: modulation with a DC offset of the control signal by 0.4 V.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Influence of crystal rotation on the emission spectrum of the Cr4+:forsterite laser, shown for different angles between the crystallographic b-axis and the polarization of optical field in the cavity.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Emission spectra of the Cr4+:forsterite laser recorded at different times t after the onset of laser oscillation.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Emission widths of laser spectra (circles) fitted by Eq. (2) (line).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Top: Emission spectra of the Cr4+:forsterite laser recorded by stepwise rotation of the pellicle in the cavity filled with ambient air. A spectral shift (color change) corresponds to an increment of the pellicle’s rotation angle. Bottom: Calculated transmission spectra (HITRAN database) of air containing H2O (Leff = 1 km, pH2O = 0.8%) and O2 (Leff = 10 km, pO2 = 21%).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Emission spectra of the Cr4+:forsterite laser with atmospheric absorption of H2O and O2 recorded at different durations of the laser oscillation t. Blue spectra are recorded at a pump rate of η = P/Pthr = 1.5, while the red spectrum is recorded near the laser threshold at η = 1.1. Calculated spectra of H2O and O2 (HITRAN) are shown on top.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Effective absorption path length Leff vs. generation time t for different pump rates η. The straight line corresponds to Leff = ct.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Bottom: Emission spectrum of the Cr4+:forsterite laser with intracavity atmospheric absorption (red). Top: Normalized experimental spectrum (blue) and calculated spectra (HITRAN, Leff = 10 km) of O2 (brown) and H2O (black).
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Bottom: Emission spectrum of the Cr4+:forsterite laser with intracavity atmospheric absorption (red). Top: Calculated spectra (HITRAN, Leff = 100 km) of CO2 (green) and H2O (grey).
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Laser emission spectrum (green) containing absorption lines of atmospheric CO2, CH4, and H2O recorded with Leff = 660 km, superimposed with a corresponding calculated spectrum (red, HITRAN: pH2O = 1.5%, pCO2 = 400 ppm and pCH4 = 2.2 ppm).
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Emission spectra of the Cr4+:forsterite laser recorded with Leff = 10 km (left) and with Leff = 100 km (right) with intracavity atmospheric absorption (bottom, grey) and with different concentrations of HCl in the gas cell (bottom, red and blue). Normalized emission laser spectra with HCl absorption (top, red and blue) superimposed with calculated HCl spectra from the HITRAN database (black) are shown in the top diagrams. Calculated spectra of H2O (top, green) are shown for comparison.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Bottom: Laser emission spectra recorded at t = 330 µs in air (black) and with additional 40 ppb of HF (red). Top: The normalized experimental spectrum (top, red) agrees well with the calculated spectrum of HF form the HITRAN database (blue). Calculated spectra of H2O and O2 are shown for comparison.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Detection limits in ppb for species studied in this work.

Equations (2)

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L eff =ct,
Δν(t)=Q ln2 γt ,

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