Abstract

Using reflective cross-polarized 2D THz time-domain spectroscopy in the range of 1-12 THz, we follow the trajectory of the out-of-equilibrium electron population in the low-bandgap semiconductor InSb. The 2D THz spectra show a set of distinct features at combinations of the plasma-edge and vibration frequencies. Using finite difference time domain simulations combined with a tight binding model of the band structure, we assign these features to electronic nonlinearities and show that the nonlinear response in the first picoseconds is dominated by coherent ballistic motion of the electrons. We demonstrate that this technique can be used to investigate the landscape of the band curvature near the Γ-point, as illustrated by the observation of anisotropy in the (100)-plane.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  1. W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Terahertz-induced interband tunneling of electrons in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 82(7), 075204 (2010).
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  2. H. Wen, M. Wiczer, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Ultrafast electron cascades in semiconductors driven by intense femtosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 78(12), 125203 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Impact ionization in InSb probed by terahertz pump—terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(16), 161201 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of nonequilibrium carrier distribution in Ge, Si, and GaAs by terahertz pump–terahertz probe measurements,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 81(3), 035201 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  7. F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Coherent ballistic motion of electrons in a periodic potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 146602 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and U. Schade, “Strong correlation of electronic and lattice excitations in GaAs/AlGaAs semiconductor quantum wells revealed by two-dimensional terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067401 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. C. Somma, G. Folpini, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Two-Phonon Quantum Coherences in Indium Antimonide Studied by Nonlinear Two-Dimensional Terahertz Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(17), 177401 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. P. Bowlan, E. Martinez-Moreno, K. Reimann, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “Ultrafast terahertz response of multilayer graphene in the nonperturbative regime,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(4), 041408 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. C. Somma, K. Reimann, C. Flytzanis, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “High-field terahertz bulk photovoltaic effect in lithium niobate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 146602 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  19. J. Dai, X. Xie, and X. C. Zhang, “Detection of broadband terahertz waves with a laser-induced plasma in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103903 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. L. K. Huber, F. Kapsalidis, and S. L. Johnson, “Gas-Based Time-Resolved THz Time-Domain Spectroscopy for the Study of Nonequilibrium Electron-Phonon Interaction in Semiconductors,” in International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), UW4A.13.
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  21. J. Chochol, K. Postava, M. Čada, M. Vanwolleghem, L. Halagačka, J.-F. Lampin, and J. Pištora, “Magneto-optical properties of InSb for terahertz applications,” AIP Adv. 6(11), 115021 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  22. I. C. Ho and X. C. Zhang, “Application of broadband terahertz spectroscopy in semiconductor nonlinear dynamics,” Front Optoelectron. 7(2), 220–242 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. Yu, K. H. Heffernan, and D. Talbayev, “Beyond the effective mass approximation: A predictive theory of the nonlinear optical response of conduction electrons,” Phys. Rev. B 95(12), 125201 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  24. A. A. Soluyanov, D. Gresch, M. Troyer, R. M. Lutchyn, B. Bauer, and C. Nayak, “Optimizing spin-orbit splittings in InSb Majorana nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 93(11), 115317 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  25. H. R. Chandrasekhar and A. K. Ramdas, “Nonparabolicity of the conduction band and the coupled plasmon-phonon modes in $n$-GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 21(4), 1511–1515 (1980).
    [Crossref]

2017 (2)

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent Two-Dimensional Terahertz Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Collective Spin Waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(20), 207204 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yu, K. H. Heffernan, and D. Talbayev, “Beyond the effective mass approximation: A predictive theory of the nonlinear optical response of conduction electrons,” Phys. Rev. B 95(12), 125201 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

A. A. Soluyanov, D. Gresch, M. Troyer, R. M. Lutchyn, B. Bauer, and C. Nayak, “Optimizing spin-orbit splittings in InSb Majorana nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 93(11), 115317 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Chochol, K. Postava, M. Čada, M. Vanwolleghem, L. Halagačka, J.-F. Lampin, and J. Pištora, “Magneto-optical properties of InSb for terahertz applications,” AIP Adv. 6(11), 115021 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Somma, G. Folpini, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Two-Phonon Quantum Coherences in Indium Antimonide Studied by Nonlinear Two-Dimensional Terahertz Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(17), 177401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

C. Somma, K. Reimann, C. Flytzanis, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “High-field terahertz bulk photovoltaic effect in lithium niobate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 146602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Bowlan, E. Martinez-Moreno, K. Reimann, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “Ultrafast terahertz response of multilayer graphene in the nonperturbative regime,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(4), 041408 (2014).
[Crossref]

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. C. Ho and X. C. Zhang, “Application of broadband terahertz spectroscopy in semiconductor nonlinear dynamics,” Front Optoelectron. 7(2), 220–242 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

F. Junginger, B. Mayer, C. Schmidt, O. Schubert, S. Mährlein, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, and A. Pashkin, “Nonperturbative interband response of a bulk InSb semiconductor driven off resonantly by terahertz electromagnetic few-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(14), 147403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and U. Schade, “Strong correlation of electronic and lattice excitations in GaAs/AlGaAs semiconductor quantum wells revealed by two-dimensional terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Coherent ballistic motion of electrons in a periodic potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 146602 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Terahertz-induced interband tunneling of electrons in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 82(7), 075204 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of nonequilibrium carrier distribution in Ge, Si, and GaAs by terahertz pump–terahertz probe measurements,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 81(3), 035201 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Impact ionization in InSb probed by terahertz pump—terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(16), 161201 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

H. Wen, M. Wiczer, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Ultrafast electron cascades in semiconductors driven by intense femtosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 78(12), 125203 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

Z. Yang, L. Mutter, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, S. Aravazhi, M. Jazbinsek, A. Schneider, V. Gramlich, and P. Gunter, “Large-size bulk and thin-film stilbazolium-salt single crystals for nonlinear optics and THz generation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(13), 2018–2023 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X. C. Zhang, “Detection of broadband terahertz waves with a laser-induced plasma in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

1980 (1)

H. R. Chandrasekhar and A. K. Ramdas, “Nonparabolicity of the conduction band and the coupled plasmon-phonon modes in $n$-GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 21(4), 1511–1515 (1980).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

K. S. Yee, “Numerical Solution of Initial Boundary Value Problems Involving Maxwells Equations in Isotropic Media,” IEEE T Antenn. Propag. 14(3), 302–307 (1966).

Aravazhi, S.

Z. Yang, L. Mutter, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, S. Aravazhi, M. Jazbinsek, A. Schneider, V. Gramlich, and P. Gunter, “Large-size bulk and thin-film stilbazolium-salt single crystals for nonlinear optics and THz generation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(13), 2018–2023 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ayesheshim, A.

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

Baierl, S.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bandulet, H. C.

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bauer, B.

A. A. Soluyanov, D. Gresch, M. Troyer, R. M. Lutchyn, B. Bauer, and C. Nayak, “Optimizing spin-orbit splittings in InSb Majorana nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 93(11), 115317 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bayer, A.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Blanchard, F.

F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bougeard, D.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bowlan, P.

P. Bowlan, E. Martinez-Moreno, K. Reimann, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “Ultrafast terahertz response of multilayer graphene in the nonperturbative regime,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(4), 041408 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cada, M.

J. Chochol, K. Postava, M. Čada, M. Vanwolleghem, L. Halagačka, J.-F. Lampin, and J. Pištora, “Magneto-optical properties of InSb for terahertz applications,” AIP Adv. 6(11), 115021 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, H. R.

H. R. Chandrasekhar and A. K. Ramdas, “Nonparabolicity of the conduction band and the coupled plasmon-phonon modes in $n$-GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 21(4), 1511–1515 (1980).
[Crossref]

Chochol, J.

J. Chochol, K. Postava, M. Čada, M. Vanwolleghem, L. Halagačka, J.-F. Lampin, and J. Pištora, “Magneto-optical properties of InSb for terahertz applications,” AIP Adv. 6(11), 115021 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cocker, T. L.

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dai, J.

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X. C. Zhang, “Detection of broadband terahertz waves with a laser-induced plasma in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eden, S.

Elsaesser, T.

C. Somma, G. Folpini, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Two-Phonon Quantum Coherences in Indium Antimonide Studied by Nonlinear Two-Dimensional Terahertz Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(17), 177401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Somma, K. Reimann, C. Flytzanis, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “High-field terahertz bulk photovoltaic effect in lithium niobate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 146602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Bowlan, E. Martinez-Moreno, K. Reimann, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “Ultrafast terahertz response of multilayer graphene in the nonperturbative regime,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(4), 041408 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and U. Schade, “Strong correlation of electronic and lattice excitations in GaAs/AlGaAs semiconductor quantum wells revealed by two-dimensional terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Terahertz-induced interband tunneling of electrons in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 82(7), 075204 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Coherent ballistic motion of electrons in a periodic potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 146602 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flytzanis, C.

C. Somma, K. Reimann, C. Flytzanis, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “High-field terahertz bulk photovoltaic effect in lithium niobate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 146602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Folpini, G.

C. Somma, G. Folpini, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Two-Phonon Quantum Coherences in Indium Antimonide Studied by Nonlinear Two-Dimensional Terahertz Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(17), 177401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaal, P.

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Coherent ballistic motion of electrons in a periodic potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 146602 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Terahertz-induced interband tunneling of electrons in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 82(7), 075204 (2010).
[Crossref]

Golde, D.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gramlich, V.

Z. Yang, L. Mutter, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, S. Aravazhi, M. Jazbinsek, A. Schneider, V. Gramlich, and P. Gunter, “Large-size bulk and thin-film stilbazolium-salt single crystals for nonlinear optics and THz generation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(13), 2018–2023 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gresch, D.

A. A. Soluyanov, D. Gresch, M. Troyer, R. M. Lutchyn, B. Bauer, and C. Nayak, “Optimizing spin-orbit splittings in InSb Majorana nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 93(11), 115317 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gunter, P.

Z. Yang, L. Mutter, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, S. Aravazhi, M. Jazbinsek, A. Schneider, V. Gramlich, and P. Gunter, “Large-size bulk and thin-film stilbazolium-salt single crystals for nonlinear optics and THz generation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(13), 2018–2023 (2007).
[Crossref]

Halagacka, L.

J. Chochol, K. Postava, M. Čada, M. Vanwolleghem, L. Halagačka, J.-F. Lampin, and J. Pištora, “Magneto-optical properties of InSb for terahertz applications,” AIP Adv. 6(11), 115021 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hebling, J.

J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of nonequilibrium carrier distribution in Ge, Si, and GaAs by terahertz pump–terahertz probe measurements,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 81(3), 035201 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Impact ionization in InSb probed by terahertz pump—terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(16), 161201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Heffernan, K. H.

S. Yu, K. H. Heffernan, and D. Talbayev, “Beyond the effective mass approximation: A predictive theory of the nonlinear optical response of conduction electrons,” Phys. Rev. B 95(12), 125201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hegmann, F. A.

F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hey, R.

W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and U. Schade, “Strong correlation of electronic and lattice excitations in GaAs/AlGaAs semiconductor quantum wells revealed by two-dimensional terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Terahertz-induced interband tunneling of electrons in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 82(7), 075204 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Coherent ballistic motion of electrons in a periodic potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 146602 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ho, I. C.

I. C. Ho and X. C. Zhang, “Application of broadband terahertz spectroscopy in semiconductor nonlinear dynamics,” Front Optoelectron. 7(2), 220–242 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, M. C.

J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of nonequilibrium carrier distribution in Ge, Si, and GaAs by terahertz pump–terahertz probe measurements,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 81(3), 035201 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Impact ionization in InSb probed by terahertz pump—terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(16), 161201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hohenleutner, M.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huber, R.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Junginger, B. Mayer, C. Schmidt, O. Schubert, S. Mährlein, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, and A. Pashkin, “Nonperturbative interband response of a bulk InSb semiconductor driven off resonantly by terahertz electromagnetic few-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(14), 147403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huttner, U.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hwang, H. Y.

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent Two-Dimensional Terahertz Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Collective Spin Waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(20), 207204 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of nonequilibrium carrier distribution in Ge, Si, and GaAs by terahertz pump–terahertz probe measurements,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 81(3), 035201 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Impact ionization in InSb probed by terahertz pump—terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(16), 161201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jazbinsek, M.

Z. Yang, L. Mutter, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, S. Aravazhi, M. Jazbinsek, A. Schneider, V. Gramlich, and P. Gunter, “Large-size bulk and thin-film stilbazolium-salt single crystals for nonlinear optics and THz generation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(13), 2018–2023 (2007).
[Crossref]

Junginger, F.

F. Junginger, B. Mayer, C. Schmidt, O. Schubert, S. Mährlein, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, and A. Pashkin, “Nonperturbative interband response of a bulk InSb semiconductor driven off resonantly by terahertz electromagnetic few-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(14), 147403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kieffer, J. C.

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kira, M.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koch, S. W.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korn, T.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kress, M.

Kuehn, W.

W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and U. Schade, “Strong correlation of electronic and lattice excitations in GaAs/AlGaAs semiconductor quantum wells revealed by two-dimensional terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Terahertz-induced interband tunneling of electrons in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 82(7), 075204 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Coherent ballistic motion of electrons in a periodic potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 146602 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kurihara, T.

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent Two-Dimensional Terahertz Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Collective Spin Waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(20), 207204 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lampin, J.-F.

J. Chochol, K. Postava, M. Čada, M. Vanwolleghem, L. Halagačka, J.-F. Lampin, and J. Pištora, “Magneto-optical properties of InSb for terahertz applications,” AIP Adv. 6(11), 115021 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lange, C.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Langer, F.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Leitenstorfer, A.

F. Junginger, B. Mayer, C. Schmidt, O. Schubert, S. Mährlein, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, and A. Pashkin, “Nonperturbative interband response of a bulk InSb semiconductor driven off resonantly by terahertz electromagnetic few-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(14), 147403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent Two-Dimensional Terahertz Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Collective Spin Waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(20), 207204 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lindenberg, A. M.

H. Wen, M. Wiczer, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Ultrafast electron cascades in semiconductors driven by intense femtosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 78(12), 125203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Löffler, T.

Lu, J.

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent Two-Dimensional Terahertz Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Collective Spin Waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(20), 207204 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lutchyn, R. M.

A. A. Soluyanov, D. Gresch, M. Troyer, R. M. Lutchyn, B. Bauer, and C. Nayak, “Optimizing spin-orbit splittings in InSb Majorana nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 93(11), 115317 (2016).
[Crossref]

Maag, T.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mährlein, S.

F. Junginger, B. Mayer, C. Schmidt, O. Schubert, S. Mährlein, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, and A. Pashkin, “Nonperturbative interband response of a bulk InSb semiconductor driven off resonantly by terahertz electromagnetic few-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(14), 147403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martinez-Moreno, E.

P. Bowlan, E. Martinez-Moreno, K. Reimann, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “Ultrafast terahertz response of multilayer graphene in the nonperturbative regime,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(4), 041408 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mayer, B.

F. Junginger, B. Mayer, C. Schmidt, O. Schubert, S. Mährlein, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, and A. Pashkin, “Nonperturbative interband response of a bulk InSb semiconductor driven off resonantly by terahertz electromagnetic few-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(14), 147403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meier, T.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mootz, M.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Morandotti, R.

F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mutter, L.

Z. Yang, L. Mutter, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, S. Aravazhi, M. Jazbinsek, A. Schneider, V. Gramlich, and P. Gunter, “Large-size bulk and thin-film stilbazolium-salt single crystals for nonlinear optics and THz generation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(13), 2018–2023 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nayak, C.

A. A. Soluyanov, D. Gresch, M. Troyer, R. M. Lutchyn, B. Bauer, and C. Nayak, “Optimizing spin-orbit splittings in InSb Majorana nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 93(11), 115317 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nelson, K. A.

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent Two-Dimensional Terahertz Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Collective Spin Waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(20), 207204 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of nonequilibrium carrier distribution in Ge, Si, and GaAs by terahertz pump–terahertz probe measurements,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 81(3), 035201 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Impact ionization in InSb probed by terahertz pump—terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(16), 161201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ofori-Okai, B. K.

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent Two-Dimensional Terahertz Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Collective Spin Waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(20), 207204 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozaki, T.

F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pashkin, A.

F. Junginger, B. Mayer, C. Schmidt, O. Schubert, S. Mährlein, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, and A. Pashkin, “Nonperturbative interband response of a bulk InSb semiconductor driven off resonantly by terahertz electromagnetic few-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(14), 147403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pištora, J.

J. Chochol, K. Postava, M. Čada, M. Vanwolleghem, L. Halagačka, J.-F. Lampin, and J. Pištora, “Magneto-optical properties of InSb for terahertz applications,” AIP Adv. 6(11), 115021 (2016).
[Crossref]

Postava, K.

J. Chochol, K. Postava, M. Čada, M. Vanwolleghem, L. Halagačka, J.-F. Lampin, and J. Pištora, “Magneto-optical properties of InSb for terahertz applications,” AIP Adv. 6(11), 115021 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ramdas, A. K.

H. R. Chandrasekhar and A. K. Ramdas, “Nonparabolicity of the conduction band and the coupled plasmon-phonon modes in $n$-GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 21(4), 1511–1515 (1980).
[Crossref]

Razzari, L.

F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

Reid, M.

F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

Reimann, K.

C. Somma, G. Folpini, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Two-Phonon Quantum Coherences in Indium Antimonide Studied by Nonlinear Two-Dimensional Terahertz Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(17), 177401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Somma, K. Reimann, C. Flytzanis, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “High-field terahertz bulk photovoltaic effect in lithium niobate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 146602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Bowlan, E. Martinez-Moreno, K. Reimann, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “Ultrafast terahertz response of multilayer graphene in the nonperturbative regime,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(4), 041408 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and U. Schade, “Strong correlation of electronic and lattice excitations in GaAs/AlGaAs semiconductor quantum wells revealed by two-dimensional terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Terahertz-induced interband tunneling of electrons in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 82(7), 075204 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Coherent ballistic motion of electrons in a periodic potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 146602 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roskos, H. G.

Ruiz, B.

Z. Yang, L. Mutter, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, S. Aravazhi, M. Jazbinsek, A. Schneider, V. Gramlich, and P. Gunter, “Large-size bulk and thin-film stilbazolium-salt single crystals for nonlinear optics and THz generation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(13), 2018–2023 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schade, U.

W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and U. Schade, “Strong correlation of electronic and lattice excitations in GaAs/AlGaAs semiconductor quantum wells revealed by two-dimensional terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, C.

F. Junginger, B. Mayer, C. Schmidt, O. Schubert, S. Mährlein, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, and A. Pashkin, “Nonperturbative interband response of a bulk InSb semiconductor driven off resonantly by terahertz electromagnetic few-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(14), 147403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schneider, A.

Z. Yang, L. Mutter, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, S. Aravazhi, M. Jazbinsek, A. Schneider, V. Gramlich, and P. Gunter, “Large-size bulk and thin-film stilbazolium-salt single crystals for nonlinear optics and THz generation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(13), 2018–2023 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schubert, O.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Junginger, B. Mayer, C. Schmidt, O. Schubert, S. Mährlein, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, and A. Pashkin, “Nonperturbative interband response of a bulk InSb semiconductor driven off resonantly by terahertz electromagnetic few-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(14), 147403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schuh, D.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schuller, C.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sharma, G.

F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sipe, J. E.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Soluyanov, A. A.

A. A. Soluyanov, D. Gresch, M. Troyer, R. M. Lutchyn, B. Bauer, and C. Nayak, “Optimizing spin-orbit splittings in InSb Majorana nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 93(11), 115317 (2016).
[Crossref]

Somma, C.

C. Somma, G. Folpini, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Two-Phonon Quantum Coherences in Indium Antimonide Studied by Nonlinear Two-Dimensional Terahertz Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(17), 177401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Somma, K. Reimann, C. Flytzanis, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “High-field terahertz bulk photovoltaic effect in lithium niobate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 146602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stillhart, M.

Z. Yang, L. Mutter, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, S. Aravazhi, M. Jazbinsek, A. Schneider, V. Gramlich, and P. Gunter, “Large-size bulk and thin-film stilbazolium-salt single crystals for nonlinear optics and THz generation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(13), 2018–2023 (2007).
[Crossref]

Su, F. H.

F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

Suemoto, T.

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent Two-Dimensional Terahertz Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Collective Spin Waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(20), 207204 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Talbayev, D.

S. Yu, K. H. Heffernan, and D. Talbayev, “Beyond the effective mass approximation: A predictive theory of the nonlinear optical response of conduction electrons,” Phys. Rev. B 95(12), 125201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Thomson, M.

Titova, L. V.

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

Troyer, M.

A. A. Soluyanov, D. Gresch, M. Troyer, R. M. Lutchyn, B. Bauer, and C. Nayak, “Optimizing spin-orbit splittings in InSb Majorana nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 93(11), 115317 (2016).
[Crossref]

Urbanek, B.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vanwolleghem, M.

J. Chochol, K. Postava, M. Čada, M. Vanwolleghem, L. Halagačka, J.-F. Lampin, and J. Pištora, “Magneto-optical properties of InSb for terahertz applications,” AIP Adv. 6(11), 115021 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wen, H.

H. Wen, M. Wiczer, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Ultrafast electron cascades in semiconductors driven by intense femtosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 78(12), 125203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wiczer, M.

H. Wen, M. Wiczer, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Ultrafast electron cascades in semiconductors driven by intense femtosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 78(12), 125203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Woerner, M.

C. Somma, G. Folpini, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Two-Phonon Quantum Coherences in Indium Antimonide Studied by Nonlinear Two-Dimensional Terahertz Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(17), 177401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Somma, K. Reimann, C. Flytzanis, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “High-field terahertz bulk photovoltaic effect in lithium niobate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 146602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Bowlan, E. Martinez-Moreno, K. Reimann, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “Ultrafast terahertz response of multilayer graphene in the nonperturbative regime,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(4), 041408 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and U. Schade, “Strong correlation of electronic and lattice excitations in GaAs/AlGaAs semiconductor quantum wells revealed by two-dimensional terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Terahertz-induced interband tunneling of electrons in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 82(7), 075204 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Coherent ballistic motion of electrons in a periodic potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 146602 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, X.

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X. C. Zhang, “Detection of broadband terahertz waves with a laser-induced plasma in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.

Z. Yang, L. Mutter, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, S. Aravazhi, M. Jazbinsek, A. Schneider, V. Gramlich, and P. Gunter, “Large-size bulk and thin-film stilbazolium-salt single crystals for nonlinear optics and THz generation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(13), 2018–2023 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yee, K. S.

K. S. Yee, “Numerical Solution of Initial Boundary Value Problems Involving Maxwells Equations in Isotropic Media,” IEEE T Antenn. Propag. 14(3), 302–307 (1966).

Yeh, K.-L.

J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of nonequilibrium carrier distribution in Ge, Si, and GaAs by terahertz pump–terahertz probe measurements,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 81(3), 035201 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Impact ionization in InSb probed by terahertz pump—terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(16), 161201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.

S. Yu, K. H. Heffernan, and D. Talbayev, “Beyond the effective mass approximation: A predictive theory of the nonlinear optical response of conduction electrons,” Phys. Rev. B 95(12), 125201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. C.

I. C. Ho and X. C. Zhang, “Application of broadband terahertz spectroscopy in semiconductor nonlinear dynamics,” Front Optoelectron. 7(2), 220–242 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X. C. Zhang, “Detection of broadband terahertz waves with a laser-induced plasma in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Z. Yang, L. Mutter, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, S. Aravazhi, M. Jazbinsek, A. Schneider, V. Gramlich, and P. Gunter, “Large-size bulk and thin-film stilbazolium-salt single crystals for nonlinear optics and THz generation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(13), 2018–2023 (2007).
[Crossref]

AIP Adv. (1)

J. Chochol, K. Postava, M. Čada, M. Vanwolleghem, L. Halagačka, J.-F. Lampin, and J. Pištora, “Magneto-optical properties of InSb for terahertz applications,” AIP Adv. 6(11), 115021 (2016).
[Crossref]

Front Optoelectron. (1)

I. C. Ho and X. C. Zhang, “Application of broadband terahertz spectroscopy in semiconductor nonlinear dynamics,” Front Optoelectron. 7(2), 220–242 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

G. Sharma, L. Razzari, F. H. Su, F. Blanchard, A. Ayesheshim, T. L. Cocker, L. V. Titova, H. C. Bandulet, T. Ozaki, J. C. Kieffer, R. Morandotti, M. Reid, and F. A. Hegmann, “Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Free Carrier Nonlinear Dynamics in Semiconductors,” IEEE Photonics J. 2(4), 578–592 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE T Antenn. Propag. (1)

K. S. Yee, “Numerical Solution of Initial Boundary Value Problems Involving Maxwells Equations in Isotropic Media,” IEEE T Antenn. Propag. 14(3), 302–307 (1966).

Nat. Photonics (1)

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12(2), 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

S. Yu, K. H. Heffernan, and D. Talbayev, “Beyond the effective mass approximation: A predictive theory of the nonlinear optical response of conduction electrons,” Phys. Rev. B 95(12), 125201 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. A. Soluyanov, D. Gresch, M. Troyer, R. M. Lutchyn, B. Bauer, and C. Nayak, “Optimizing spin-orbit splittings in InSb Majorana nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 93(11), 115317 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

H. R. Chandrasekhar and A. K. Ramdas, “Nonparabolicity of the conduction band and the coupled plasmon-phonon modes in $n$-GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 21(4), 1511–1515 (1980).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. (5)

P. Bowlan, E. Martinez-Moreno, K. Reimann, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “Ultrafast terahertz response of multilayer graphene in the nonperturbative regime,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(4), 041408 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Terahertz-induced interband tunneling of electrons in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 82(7), 075204 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Wen, M. Wiczer, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Ultrafast electron cascades in semiconductors driven by intense femtosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 78(12), 125203 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Impact ionization in InSb probed by terahertz pump—terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(16), 161201 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Observation of nonequilibrium carrier distribution in Ge, Si, and GaAs by terahertz pump–terahertz probe measurements,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 81(3), 035201 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

F. Blanchard, D. Golde, F. H. Su, L. Razzari, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and F. A. Hegmann, “Effective mass anisotropy of hot electrons in nonparabolic conduction bands of n-doped InGaAs films using ultrafast terahertz pump-probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(10), 107401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Coherent ballistic motion of electrons in a periodic potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 146602 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and U. Schade, “Strong correlation of electronic and lattice excitations in GaAs/AlGaAs semiconductor quantum wells revealed by two-dimensional terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Somma, G. Folpini, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Two-Phonon Quantum Coherences in Indium Antimonide Studied by Nonlinear Two-Dimensional Terahertz Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(17), 177401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lu, X. Li, H. Y. Hwang, B. K. Ofori-Okai, T. Kurihara, T. Suemoto, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherent Two-Dimensional Terahertz Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Collective Spin Waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(20), 207204 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Junginger, B. Mayer, C. Schmidt, O. Schubert, S. Mährlein, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, and A. Pashkin, “Nonperturbative interband response of a bulk InSb semiconductor driven off resonantly by terahertz electromagnetic few-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(14), 147403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Somma, K. Reimann, C. Flytzanis, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “High-field terahertz bulk photovoltaic effect in lithium niobate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(14), 146602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X. C. Zhang, “Detection of broadband terahertz waves with a laser-induced plasma in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

L. K. Huber, F. Kapsalidis, and S. L. Johnson, “Gas-Based Time-Resolved THz Time-Domain Spectroscopy for the Study of Nonequilibrium Electron-Phonon Interaction in Semiconductors,” in International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), UW4A.13.
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 a) Measurement geometry of reflective 2D THz spectroscopy on InSb at normal incidence. The horizontally-polarized plasma field, Eplasma, is transmitted back and forth through the wire-grid polarizer (WG), while the vertically-polarized field from OR in the organic crystal, EOR, is mostly reflected. The nonlinear response is retrieved using the chopping scheme depicted in the inset. b) Eplasma (red) and EOR (green) normalized electric fields, measured with broadband ABCD method. c) Corresponding Eplasma (red) and EOR (green) normalized spectra.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 a) Reflectivity amplitude (black circles) and phase (green circles) of InSb measured by TDS. Solid lines show fits to the complex reflectivity data, based on Eq. (1). Dashed red lines indicate the maxima in the phase-shift of plasma-edge and LO phonon frequencies at 1.9 THz and 5.7 THz, respectively. b) Nonlinear response ENL(t,τ) of InSb measured with polarizations Eplasma and EOR along (010) and (001), respectively, as a function of detection delay t and excitation delay τ, for Eplasma ∼25 kV/cm and EOR ∼65 kV/cm. The color scale is normalized to the maximum of E’plasma 2D measurement. c) 2D spectrum obtained from the Fourier transform of ENL(t,τ), plotted as a function of detection frequency νt and excitation frequency ντ. Values are given with respect to the maximum of E’plasma 2D spectrum.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 a) Odd and even parity spectra of InSb for Eplasma ∼35 kV/cm and EOR ∼65 kV/cm. The first two sets show the experimental results from the same measurement at two different angles, φ = 45° and φ = 22.5°. The last set shows simulated spectra (FDTD) for an angle φ = 22.5°. b) Odd and even parity spectra for similar electric fields. First two sets: experimental results for the angles φ = 45° and φ = 67.5°; last set: simulated spectra at φ = 67.5°. Intensities are given with respect to the maximum of the E’plasma spectrum. Simulated spectra at φ = 45° (not shown here) lead to a vanishing odd signal.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 a) Reconstructed electron trajectory along the conduction band for Eplasma = 35kV/cm, EOR = 65kV/cm and φ = 0°. Inset: φ is defined as the angle between Eplasma and Γ→X, Eplasma and EOR are kept orthogonal. b) Maximum of the (νp, νp) peak intensity as a function of φ angle, FDTD simulations using the InSb band structure calculated with a tight binding model are plotted as a blue line, experimental results for φ = 22.5°, φ = 45° and φ = 67.5° are indicated as red markers. c) Simulated odd and even spectra using analytical model Eband3 for the conduction band (cf. text).

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ε = ε ( 1 + ω L O 2 ω T O 2 ω L O 2 ω 2 i γ p h ω Ω p 2 ω 2 + i γ p ω )
D ( z ) = ε 0 ε E T H z ( z ) + P p h ( z ) + P e ( z )
d P e d t = e n e v g ( k ( t ) )
d k d t + γ p k = e E T H z ( z , t )
v g ( k ) = 1 E T B ( k ) k
E band1 = a k r 2
E band2 = a k r 2 b k r 4
E band3 = a k r 2 b k r 4 + c ( k x 4 + k y 4 )

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