Abstract

Two photoalignment-based methods to achieve orientational control of optical diffractions by cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC) fingerprint gratings are proposed and demonstrated. A trace of methyl red in the CLC host can effectively induce surface alignment upon linearly polarized green exposure and enable optically rewritable alignment. An effective rotation of the photo-aligned CLC grating is attained by changing the surface alignment axis. Using axially symmetric photoalignment, electrically tunable radial and concentric gratings are also realized. 1D grating diffraction is produced by operating off-axis and can be rotated by mechanically moving the axially symmetric grating. Such optical gratings have great potential for practical use in vibration detection, multi-directional optical modulations, and beam steering.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  21. C.-H. Wen and S.-T. Wu, “Dielectric heating effects of dual-frequency liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(23), 231104 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2017 (3)

Z. G. Zheng, R. S. Zola, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, Y. Li, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Controllable dynamic zigzag pattern formation in a soft helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(30), 1701903 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, L. Wang, U. S. Hiremath, H. K. Bisoyi, G. G. Nair, C. V. Yelamaggad, A. M. Urbas, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Dynamic orthogonal switching of a thermoresponsive self-organized helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(24), 1700676 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. L. Ma, W. Duan, M. J. Tang, L. J. Chen, X. Liang, Y. Q. Lu, and W. Hu, “Light-driven rotation and pitch tuning of self-organized cholesteric gratings formed in a semi-free film,” Polymers (Basel) 9(12), 295 (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

H.-C. Jau, Y. Li, C.-C. Li, C.-W. Chen, C.-T. Wang, H. K. Bisoyi, T.-H. Lin, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Light-driven wide-range nonmechanical beam steering and spectrum scanning based on a self-organized liquid crystal grating enabled by a chiral molecular switch,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(2), 166–170 (2015).
[Crossref]

L.-L. Ma, S.-S. Li, W.-S. Li, W. Ji, B. Luo, Z.-G. Zheng, Z.-P. Cai, V. Chigrinov, Y.-Q. Lu, W. Hu, and L.-J. Chen, “Rationally designed dynamic superstructures enabled by photoaligning cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1691–1696 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Lucchetti and F. Simoni, “Light-induced adsorption and desorption in methyl-red-doped liquid crystals: A review,” Liq. Cryst. Rev. 3(2), 79–98 (2015).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

H.-C. Jau, T.-H. Lin, Y.-Y. Chen, C.-W. Chen, J.-H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Lin, R.-H. Chiang, S.-H. Liu, C.-T. Kuo, and C.-Y. Huang, “Rotatable diffractive gratings based on hybrid-aligned cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 20(24), 26837–26844 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

N. Toshiaki, M. Toshitaka, A. Yuki, I. Ryouta, and H. Michinori, “Rotational behavior of stripe domains appearing in hybrid aligned chiral nematic liquid crystal cells,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(5), 051701 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Eren, “Adsorption performance and mechanism in binding of azo dye by raw bentonite,” CLEAN – Soil, Air. Water 38, 758–763 (2010).

2008 (1)

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, V. Chigrinov, and H.-S. Kwok, “New properties and applications of rewritable azo-dye photoalignment,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(9), 927–931 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

2005 (1)

C.-H. Wen and S.-T. Wu, “Dielectric heating effects of dual-frequency liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(23), 231104 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

W. Jin-Jei, W. Yeong-Shiun, C. Fu-Chen, and C. Shu-Hsia, “Formation of phase grating in planar aligned cholesteric liquid crystal film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 2, No. 11B), L1318–L1320 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

O. V. Kuksenok and S. V. Shiyanovskii, “Surface control of dye adsorption in liquid crystals,” Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst. 359(1), 107–118 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

L. Szabados, I. Jánossy, and T. Kósa, “Laser-induced bulk effects in nematic liquid crystals doped with azo-dyes,” Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst. 320(1), 239–248 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Y. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, “Control of an easy-axis on nematic-polymer interface by light action to nematic bulk,” Jpn J. Appl Phys 34(2A), 566–571 (1995).

Bisoyi, H. K.

Z. G. Zheng, R. S. Zola, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, Y. Li, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Controllable dynamic zigzag pattern formation in a soft helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(30), 1701903 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, L. Wang, U. S. Hiremath, H. K. Bisoyi, G. G. Nair, C. V. Yelamaggad, A. M. Urbas, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Dynamic orthogonal switching of a thermoresponsive self-organized helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(24), 1700676 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-C. Jau, Y. Li, C.-C. Li, C.-W. Chen, C.-T. Wang, H. K. Bisoyi, T.-H. Lin, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Light-driven wide-range nonmechanical beam steering and spectrum scanning based on a self-organized liquid crystal grating enabled by a chiral molecular switch,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(2), 166–170 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bunning, T. J.

Z. G. Zheng, R. S. Zola, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, Y. Li, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Controllable dynamic zigzag pattern formation in a soft helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(30), 1701903 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, L. Wang, U. S. Hiremath, H. K. Bisoyi, G. G. Nair, C. V. Yelamaggad, A. M. Urbas, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Dynamic orthogonal switching of a thermoresponsive self-organized helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(24), 1700676 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-C. Jau, Y. Li, C.-C. Li, C.-W. Chen, C.-T. Wang, H. K. Bisoyi, T.-H. Lin, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Light-driven wide-range nonmechanical beam steering and spectrum scanning based on a self-organized liquid crystal grating enabled by a chiral molecular switch,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(2), 166–170 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.-P.

L.-L. Ma, S.-S. Li, W.-S. Li, W. Ji, B. Luo, Z.-G. Zheng, Z.-P. Cai, V. Chigrinov, Y.-Q. Lu, W. Hu, and L.-J. Chen, “Rationally designed dynamic superstructures enabled by photoaligning cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1691–1696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.-W.

H.-C. Jau, Y. Li, C.-C. Li, C.-W. Chen, C.-T. Wang, H. K. Bisoyi, T.-H. Lin, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Light-driven wide-range nonmechanical beam steering and spectrum scanning based on a self-organized liquid crystal grating enabled by a chiral molecular switch,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(2), 166–170 (2015).
[Crossref]

H.-C. Jau, T.-H. Lin, Y.-Y. Chen, C.-W. Chen, J.-H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.-Y.

Chen, L. J.

L. L. Ma, W. Duan, M. J. Tang, L. J. Chen, X. Liang, Y. Q. Lu, and W. Hu, “Light-driven rotation and pitch tuning of self-organized cholesteric gratings formed in a semi-free film,” Polymers (Basel) 9(12), 295 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.-J.

L.-L. Ma, S.-S. Li, W.-S. Li, W. Ji, B. Luo, Z.-G. Zheng, Z.-P. Cai, V. Chigrinov, Y.-Q. Lu, W. Hu, and L.-J. Chen, “Rationally designed dynamic superstructures enabled by photoaligning cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1691–1696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-Y.

H.-C. Jau, T.-H. Lin, Y.-Y. Chen, C.-W. Chen, J.-H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, K.-T.

Chiang, R.-H.

Chigrinov, V.

L.-L. Ma, S.-S. Li, W.-S. Li, W. Ji, B. Luo, Z.-G. Zheng, Z.-P. Cai, V. Chigrinov, Y.-Q. Lu, W. Hu, and L.-J. Chen, “Rationally designed dynamic superstructures enabled by photoaligning cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1691–1696 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, V. Chigrinov, and H.-S. Kwok, “New properties and applications of rewritable azo-dye photoalignment,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(9), 927–931 (2008).
[Crossref]

Duan, W.

L. L. Ma, W. Duan, M. J. Tang, L. J. Chen, X. Liang, Y. Q. Lu, and W. Hu, “Light-driven rotation and pitch tuning of self-organized cholesteric gratings formed in a semi-free film,” Polymers (Basel) 9(12), 295 (2017).
[Crossref]

Eren, E.

E. Eren, “Adsorption performance and mechanism in binding of azo dye by raw bentonite,” CLEAN – Soil, Air. Water 38, 758–763 (2010).

Fu-Chen, C.

W. Jin-Jei, W. Yeong-Shiun, C. Fu-Chen, and C. Shu-Hsia, “Formation of phase grating in planar aligned cholesteric liquid crystal film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 2, No. 11B), L1318–L1320 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fuh, A. Y. G.

Fuh, A. Y.-G.

Hiremath, U. S.

L. Zhang, L. Wang, U. S. Hiremath, H. K. Bisoyi, G. G. Nair, C. V. Yelamaggad, A. M. Urbas, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Dynamic orthogonal switching of a thermoresponsive self-organized helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(24), 1700676 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, C.-W.

Hu, W.

L. L. Ma, W. Duan, M. J. Tang, L. J. Chen, X. Liang, Y. Q. Lu, and W. Hu, “Light-driven rotation and pitch tuning of self-organized cholesteric gratings formed in a semi-free film,” Polymers (Basel) 9(12), 295 (2017).
[Crossref]

L.-L. Ma, S.-S. Li, W.-S. Li, W. Ji, B. Luo, Z.-G. Zheng, Z.-P. Cai, V. Chigrinov, Y.-Q. Lu, W. Hu, and L.-J. Chen, “Rationally designed dynamic superstructures enabled by photoaligning cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1691–1696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.-Y.

Jánossy, I.

L. Szabados, I. Jánossy, and T. Kósa, “Laser-induced bulk effects in nematic liquid crystals doped with azo-dyes,” Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst. 320(1), 239–248 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jau, H. C.

Jau, H.-C.

H.-C. Jau, Y. Li, C.-C. Li, C.-W. Chen, C.-T. Wang, H. K. Bisoyi, T.-H. Lin, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Light-driven wide-range nonmechanical beam steering and spectrum scanning based on a self-organized liquid crystal grating enabled by a chiral molecular switch,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(2), 166–170 (2015).
[Crossref]

H.-C. Jau, T.-H. Lin, Y.-Y. Chen, C.-W. Chen, J.-H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

H.-C. Jau, K.-T. Cheng, T.-H. Lin, Y.-S. Lo, J.-Y. Chen, C.-W. Hsu, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Photo-rewritable flexible LCD using indium zinc oxide/polycarbonate substrates,” Appl. Opt. 50(2), 213–217 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-C. Lin, H.-C. Jau, T.-H. Lin, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Highly efficient and polarization-independent Fresnel lens based on dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 15(6), 2900–2906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ji, W.

L.-L. Ma, S.-S. Li, W.-S. Li, W. Ji, B. Luo, Z.-G. Zheng, Z.-P. Cai, V. Chigrinov, Y.-Q. Lu, W. Hu, and L.-J. Chen, “Rationally designed dynamic superstructures enabled by photoaligning cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1691–1696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jin-Jei, W.

W. Jin-Jei, W. Yeong-Shiun, C. Fu-Chen, and C. Shu-Hsia, “Formation of phase grating in planar aligned cholesteric liquid crystal film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 2, No. 11B), L1318–L1320 (2002).
[Crossref]

Khyzhnyak, A.

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Y. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, “Control of an easy-axis on nematic-polymer interface by light action to nematic bulk,” Jpn J. Appl Phys 34(2A), 566–571 (1995).

Kósa, T.

L. Szabados, I. Jánossy, and T. Kósa, “Laser-induced bulk effects in nematic liquid crystals doped with azo-dyes,” Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst. 320(1), 239–248 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kuksenok, O. V.

O. V. Kuksenok and S. V. Shiyanovskii, “Surface control of dye adsorption in liquid crystals,” Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst. 359(1), 107–118 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kuo, C.-T.

Kwok, H.-S.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, V. Chigrinov, and H.-S. Kwok, “New properties and applications of rewritable azo-dye photoalignment,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(9), 927–931 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, C.-C.

H.-C. Jau, Y. Li, C.-C. Li, C.-W. Chen, C.-T. Wang, H. K. Bisoyi, T.-H. Lin, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Light-driven wide-range nonmechanical beam steering and spectrum scanning based on a self-organized liquid crystal grating enabled by a chiral molecular switch,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(2), 166–170 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.

L. Zhang, L. Wang, U. S. Hiremath, H. K. Bisoyi, G. G. Nair, C. V. Yelamaggad, A. M. Urbas, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Dynamic orthogonal switching of a thermoresponsive self-organized helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(24), 1700676 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. G. Zheng, R. S. Zola, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, Y. Li, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Controllable dynamic zigzag pattern formation in a soft helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(30), 1701903 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-C. Jau, Y. Li, C.-C. Li, C.-W. Chen, C.-T. Wang, H. K. Bisoyi, T.-H. Lin, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Light-driven wide-range nonmechanical beam steering and spectrum scanning based on a self-organized liquid crystal grating enabled by a chiral molecular switch,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(2), 166–170 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, S.-S.

L.-L. Ma, S.-S. Li, W.-S. Li, W. Ji, B. Luo, Z.-G. Zheng, Z.-P. Cai, V. Chigrinov, Y.-Q. Lu, W. Hu, and L.-J. Chen, “Rationally designed dynamic superstructures enabled by photoaligning cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1691–1696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, W.-S.

L.-L. Ma, S.-S. Li, W.-S. Li, W. Ji, B. Luo, Z.-G. Zheng, Z.-P. Cai, V. Chigrinov, Y.-Q. Lu, W. Hu, and L.-J. Chen, “Rationally designed dynamic superstructures enabled by photoaligning cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1691–1696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Z. G. Zheng, R. S. Zola, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, Y. Li, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Controllable dynamic zigzag pattern formation in a soft helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(30), 1701903 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-C. Jau, Y. Li, C.-C. Li, C.-W. Chen, C.-T. Wang, H. K. Bisoyi, T.-H. Lin, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Light-driven wide-range nonmechanical beam steering and spectrum scanning based on a self-organized liquid crystal grating enabled by a chiral molecular switch,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(2), 166–170 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liang, X.

L. L. Ma, W. Duan, M. J. Tang, L. J. Chen, X. Liang, Y. Q. Lu, and W. Hu, “Light-driven rotation and pitch tuning of self-organized cholesteric gratings formed in a semi-free film,” Polymers (Basel) 9(12), 295 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.-H.

Lin, L. C.

Lin, L.-C.

Lin, T. H.

Lin, T.-H.

H.-C. Jau, Y. Li, C.-C. Li, C.-W. Chen, C.-T. Wang, H. K. Bisoyi, T.-H. Lin, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Light-driven wide-range nonmechanical beam steering and spectrum scanning based on a self-organized liquid crystal grating enabled by a chiral molecular switch,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(2), 166–170 (2015).
[Crossref]

H.-C. Jau, T.-H. Lin, Y.-Y. Chen, C.-W. Chen, J.-H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

H.-C. Jau, K.-T. Cheng, T.-H. Lin, Y.-S. Lo, J.-Y. Chen, C.-W. Hsu, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Photo-rewritable flexible LCD using indium zinc oxide/polycarbonate substrates,” Appl. Opt. 50(2), 213–217 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-C. Lin, H.-C. Jau, T.-H. Lin, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Highly efficient and polarization-independent Fresnel lens based on dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 15(6), 2900–2906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C.-K.

Liu, J.-H.

H.-C. Jau, T.-H. Lin, Y.-Y. Chen, C.-W. Chen, J.-H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.-H.

Lo, Y.-S.

Lu, Y. Q.

L. L. Ma, W. Duan, M. J. Tang, L. J. Chen, X. Liang, Y. Q. Lu, and W. Hu, “Light-driven rotation and pitch tuning of self-organized cholesteric gratings formed in a semi-free film,” Polymers (Basel) 9(12), 295 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.-Q.

L.-L. Ma, S.-S. Li, W.-S. Li, W. Ji, B. Luo, Z.-G. Zheng, Z.-P. Cai, V. Chigrinov, Y.-Q. Lu, W. Hu, and L.-J. Chen, “Rationally designed dynamic superstructures enabled by photoaligning cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1691–1696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lucchetti, L.

L. Lucchetti and F. Simoni, “Light-induced adsorption and desorption in methyl-red-doped liquid crystals: A review,” Liq. Cryst. Rev. 3(2), 79–98 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, B.

L.-L. Ma, S.-S. Li, W.-S. Li, W. Ji, B. Luo, Z.-G. Zheng, Z.-P. Cai, V. Chigrinov, Y.-Q. Lu, W. Hu, and L.-J. Chen, “Rationally designed dynamic superstructures enabled by photoaligning cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1691–1696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ma, L. L.

L. L. Ma, W. Duan, M. J. Tang, L. J. Chen, X. Liang, Y. Q. Lu, and W. Hu, “Light-driven rotation and pitch tuning of self-organized cholesteric gratings formed in a semi-free film,” Polymers (Basel) 9(12), 295 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ma, L.-L.

L.-L. Ma, S.-S. Li, W.-S. Li, W. Ji, B. Luo, Z.-G. Zheng, Z.-P. Cai, V. Chigrinov, Y.-Q. Lu, W. Hu, and L.-J. Chen, “Rationally designed dynamic superstructures enabled by photoaligning cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1691–1696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Michinori, H.

N. Toshiaki, M. Toshitaka, A. Yuki, I. Ryouta, and H. Michinori, “Rotational behavior of stripe domains appearing in hybrid aligned chiral nematic liquid crystal cells,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(5), 051701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Murauski, A.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, V. Chigrinov, and H.-S. Kwok, “New properties and applications of rewritable azo-dye photoalignment,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(9), 927–931 (2008).
[Crossref]

Muravsky, A.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, V. Chigrinov, and H.-S. Kwok, “New properties and applications of rewritable azo-dye photoalignment,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(9), 927–931 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nair, G. G.

L. Zhang, L. Wang, U. S. Hiremath, H. K. Bisoyi, G. G. Nair, C. V. Yelamaggad, A. M. Urbas, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Dynamic orthogonal switching of a thermoresponsive self-organized helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(24), 1700676 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reshetnyak, V.

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Y. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, “Control of an easy-axis on nematic-polymer interface by light action to nematic bulk,” Jpn J. Appl Phys 34(2A), 566–571 (1995).

Reznikov, Y.

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Y. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, “Control of an easy-axis on nematic-polymer interface by light action to nematic bulk,” Jpn J. Appl Phys 34(2A), 566–571 (1995).

Ryouta, I.

N. Toshiaki, M. Toshitaka, A. Yuki, I. Ryouta, and H. Michinori, “Rotational behavior of stripe domains appearing in hybrid aligned chiral nematic liquid crystal cells,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(5), 051701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shiyanovskii, S. V.

O. V. Kuksenok and S. V. Shiyanovskii, “Surface control of dye adsorption in liquid crystals,” Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst. 359(1), 107–118 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shu-Hsia, C.

W. Jin-Jei, W. Yeong-Shiun, C. Fu-Chen, and C. Shu-Hsia, “Formation of phase grating in planar aligned cholesteric liquid crystal film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 2, No. 11B), L1318–L1320 (2002).
[Crossref]

Simoni, F.

L. Lucchetti and F. Simoni, “Light-induced adsorption and desorption in methyl-red-doped liquid crystals: A review,” Liq. Cryst. Rev. 3(2), 79–98 (2015).
[Crossref]

Szabados, L.

L. Szabados, I. Jánossy, and T. Kósa, “Laser-induced bulk effects in nematic liquid crystals doped with azo-dyes,” Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst. 320(1), 239–248 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tang, M. J.

L. L. Ma, W. Duan, M. J. Tang, L. J. Chen, X. Liang, Y. Q. Lu, and W. Hu, “Light-driven rotation and pitch tuning of self-organized cholesteric gratings formed in a semi-free film,” Polymers (Basel) 9(12), 295 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ting, C.-L.

Toshiaki, N.

N. Toshiaki, M. Toshitaka, A. Yuki, I. Ryouta, and H. Michinori, “Rotational behavior of stripe domains appearing in hybrid aligned chiral nematic liquid crystal cells,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(5), 051701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Toshitaka, M.

N. Toshiaki, M. Toshitaka, A. Yuki, I. Ryouta, and H. Michinori, “Rotational behavior of stripe domains appearing in hybrid aligned chiral nematic liquid crystal cells,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(5), 051701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Urbas, A. M.

L. Zhang, L. Wang, U. S. Hiremath, H. K. Bisoyi, G. G. Nair, C. V. Yelamaggad, A. M. Urbas, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Dynamic orthogonal switching of a thermoresponsive self-organized helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(24), 1700676 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voloshchenko, D.

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Y. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, “Control of an easy-axis on nematic-polymer interface by light action to nematic bulk,” Jpn J. Appl Phys 34(2A), 566–571 (1995).

Wang, C.-T.

H.-C. Jau, Y. Li, C.-C. Li, C.-W. Chen, C.-T. Wang, H. K. Bisoyi, T.-H. Lin, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Light-driven wide-range nonmechanical beam steering and spectrum scanning based on a self-organized liquid crystal grating enabled by a chiral molecular switch,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(2), 166–170 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

L. Zhang, L. Wang, U. S. Hiremath, H. K. Bisoyi, G. G. Nair, C. V. Yelamaggad, A. M. Urbas, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Dynamic orthogonal switching of a thermoresponsive self-organized helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(24), 1700676 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. G. Zheng, R. S. Zola, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, Y. Li, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Controllable dynamic zigzag pattern formation in a soft helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(30), 1701903 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, C.-H.

C.-H. Wen and S.-T. Wu, “Dielectric heating effects of dual-frequency liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(23), 231104 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.-T.

C.-H. Wen and S.-T. Wu, “Dielectric heating effects of dual-frequency liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(23), 231104 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yelamaggad, C. V.

L. Zhang, L. Wang, U. S. Hiremath, H. K. Bisoyi, G. G. Nair, C. V. Yelamaggad, A. M. Urbas, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Dynamic orthogonal switching of a thermoresponsive self-organized helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(24), 1700676 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeong-Shiun, W.

W. Jin-Jei, W. Yeong-Shiun, C. Fu-Chen, and C. Shu-Hsia, “Formation of phase grating in planar aligned cholesteric liquid crystal film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 2, No. 11B), L1318–L1320 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yuki, A.

N. Toshiaki, M. Toshitaka, A. Yuki, I. Ryouta, and H. Michinori, “Rotational behavior of stripe domains appearing in hybrid aligned chiral nematic liquid crystal cells,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(5), 051701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, L. Wang, U. S. Hiremath, H. K. Bisoyi, G. G. Nair, C. V. Yelamaggad, A. M. Urbas, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Dynamic orthogonal switching of a thermoresponsive self-organized helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(24), 1700676 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Z. G.

Z. G. Zheng, R. S. Zola, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, Y. Li, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Controllable dynamic zigzag pattern formation in a soft helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(30), 1701903 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Z.-G.

L.-L. Ma, S.-S. Li, W.-S. Li, W. Ji, B. Luo, Z.-G. Zheng, Z.-P. Cai, V. Chigrinov, Y.-Q. Lu, W. Hu, and L.-J. Chen, “Rationally designed dynamic superstructures enabled by photoaligning cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1691–1696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zola, R. S.

Z. G. Zheng, R. S. Zola, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, Y. Li, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Controllable dynamic zigzag pattern formation in a soft helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(30), 1701903 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (2)

Z. G. Zheng, R. S. Zola, H. K. Bisoyi, L. Wang, Y. Li, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Controllable dynamic zigzag pattern formation in a soft helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(30), 1701903 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, L. Wang, U. S. Hiremath, H. K. Bisoyi, G. G. Nair, C. V. Yelamaggad, A. M. Urbas, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Dynamic orthogonal switching of a thermoresponsive self-organized helical superstructure,” Adv. Mater. 29(24), 1700676 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (2)

L.-L. Ma, S.-S. Li, W.-S. Li, W. Ji, B. Luo, Z.-G. Zheng, Z.-P. Cai, V. Chigrinov, Y.-Q. Lu, W. Hu, and L.-J. Chen, “Rationally designed dynamic superstructures enabled by photoaligning cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1691–1696 (2015).
[Crossref]

H.-C. Jau, Y. Li, C.-C. Li, C.-W. Chen, C.-T. Wang, H. K. Bisoyi, T.-H. Lin, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Light-driven wide-range nonmechanical beam steering and spectrum scanning based on a self-organized liquid crystal grating enabled by a chiral molecular switch,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(2), 166–170 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H.-C. Jau, T.-H. Lin, Y.-Y. Chen, C.-W. Chen, J.-H. Liu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Direction switching and beam steering of cholesteric liquid crystal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131909 (2012).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Wen and S.-T. Wu, “Dielectric heating effects of dual-frequency liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(23), 231104 (2005).
[Crossref]

CLEAN – Soil, Air. Water (1)

E. Eren, “Adsorption performance and mechanism in binding of azo dye by raw bentonite,” CLEAN – Soil, Air. Water 38, 758–763 (2010).

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, V. Chigrinov, and H.-S. Kwok, “New properties and applications of rewritable azo-dye photoalignment,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(9), 927–931 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jpn J. Appl Phys (1)

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Y. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, “Control of an easy-axis on nematic-polymer interface by light action to nematic bulk,” Jpn J. Appl Phys 34(2A), 566–571 (1995).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

W. Jin-Jei, W. Yeong-Shiun, C. Fu-Chen, and C. Shu-Hsia, “Formation of phase grating in planar aligned cholesteric liquid crystal film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 2, No. 11B), L1318–L1320 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Toshiaki, M. Toshitaka, A. Yuki, I. Ryouta, and H. Michinori, “Rotational behavior of stripe domains appearing in hybrid aligned chiral nematic liquid crystal cells,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(5), 051701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liq. Cryst. Rev. (1)

L. Lucchetti and F. Simoni, “Light-induced adsorption and desorption in methyl-red-doped liquid crystals: A review,” Liq. Cryst. Rev. 3(2), 79–98 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst. (2)

L. Szabados, I. Jánossy, and T. Kósa, “Laser-induced bulk effects in nematic liquid crystals doped with azo-dyes,” Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst. 320(1), 239–248 (1998).
[Crossref]

O. V. Kuksenok and S. V. Shiyanovskii, “Surface control of dye adsorption in liquid crystals,” Mol. Cryst. Liquid Cryst. 359(1), 107–118 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Polymers (Basel) (1)

L. L. Ma, W. Duan, M. J. Tang, L. J. Chen, X. Liang, Y. Q. Lu, and W. Hu, “Light-driven rotation and pitch tuning of self-organized cholesteric gratings formed in a semi-free film,” Polymers (Basel) 9(12), 295 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

P. G. d. Gennes and J. Prost, The physics of liquid crystals, 2nd ed., Oxford science publications (Clarendon; Oxford University, Oxford;New York, 1993).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Experimental setup for double-sided photoalignment. (b) Relationship among pump polarization, alignment axis, and grating vector.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Optical micrographs and (b) far-field diffraction patterns of CLC gratings with different grating vectors.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup for producing (a) radial or (b) concentric CLC gratings.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Optical micrograph of radial CLC grating under a cross-polarizing optical microscope. (b) Diffraction patterns obtained by probing different positions of the grating.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Optical micrograph of concentric CLC grating under a cross-polarizing optical microscope. (b) Diffraction patterns obtained by probing different positions of the grating.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Diffraction pattern of concentric CLC grating captured at various voltages. (b) First-order diffraction angle as a function of applied voltage.

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