Abstract

Nonsequential double ionization (NSDI) of Ar in co-rotating two-color circularly polarized (TCCP) laser fields is investigated with a three-dimensional classical ensemble model. Our numerical results indicate that co-rotating TCCP fields can induce NSDI by recollision process, while the yield is an order of magnitude lower than counter-rotating case. NSDI yield in co-rotating TCCP fields strongly depends on field ratio of the two colors and achieves its maximum at a ratio of 2.4. In co-rotating TCCP fields, the short recollision trajectory with traveling time smaller than one cycle is dominant. Moreover, the recollision time in co-rotating TCCP laser fields depends on the field ratio, which is mapped to the electron momentum distribution. This provides anavenue to obtain information about recollision time and access the subcycle dynamics of the recollision process.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2019 (3)

Y. Qin, M. Li, Y. Li, M. He, S. Luo, Y. Liu, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Asymmetry of the photoelectron momentum distribution from molecular ionization in elliptically polarized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 99(1), 013431 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, M. Li, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Timing the release of the correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Opt. Express 27(3), 1825–1837 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Liu, S. Luo, M. Li, Y. Li, Y. Feng, B. Du, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, and I. Barth, “Detecting and characterizing the nonadiabaticity of laser-induced quantum tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 122(5), 053202 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (12)

S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, I. Ivanov, M. Richter, K. Fehre, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, D. Trabert, N. Schlott, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, M. S. Schöffler, A. Kheifets, and R. Dörner, “Subcycle interference upon tunnel ionization by counter-rotating two-color fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97(4), 041402 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Li, W. Jiang, H. Xie, S. Luo, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Strong-field photoelectron holography of atoms by bicircular two-color laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 97(2), 023415 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Han, P. Ge, Y. Shao, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Attoclock photoelectron interferometry with two-color corotating circular fields to probe the phase and the amplitude of emitting wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120(7), 073202 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Eckart, K. Fehre, N. Eicke, A. Hartung, J. Rist, D. Trabert, N. Strenger, A. Pier, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, M. S. Schöffler, M. Lein, M. Kunitski, and R. Dörner, “Direct experimental access to the nonadiabatic initial momentum offset upon tunnel ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(16), 163202 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Xu, Q. Zhu, J. Chen, S. Ben, J. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Multiple recollisions in nonsequential double ionization by counter-rotating two-color circularly polarized laser fields,” Opt. Express 26(2), 1645–1654 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, M. Zhong, and Z. Wu, “Intensity-dependent two-electron emission dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by counter-rotating two-color circularly polarized laser fields,” Opt. Express 26(20), 26045–26056 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tan, Y. Zhou, M. He, Y. Chen, Q. Ke, J. Liang, X. Zhu, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Determination of the ionization time using attosecond photoelectron interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(25), 253203 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. He, Y. Li, Y. Zhou, M. Li, W. Cao, and P. Lu, “Direct visualization of valence electron motion using strong-field photoelectron holography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120(13), 133204 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang and F. He, “Remote control of the dissociative ionization of H 2 based on electron-H 2+ entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 97(4), 043411 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Luo, X. Ma, H. Xie, M. Li, Y. Zhou, W. Cao, and P. Lu, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization of Ne with parallel-polarized two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 26(10), 13666–13676 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, N. Li, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Attosecond control of correlated electron dynamics in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by parallel two-color pulses,” Opt. Laser. Technol. 108, 235–240 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Li, M. Li, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Rabi oscillation in few-photon double ionization through doubly excited states,” Phys. Rev. A 97(1), 013428 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

K. Liu and I. Barth, “Identifying the tunneling site in strong-field ionization of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119(24), 243204 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Lin, X. Jia, Z. Yu, F. He, J. Ma, H. Li, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, W. Zhang, H. Li, P. Lu, H. Zeng, J. Chen, and J. Wu, “Comparison study of strong-field ionization of molecules and atoms by bicircular two-color femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119(20), 203202 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (9)

E. Hasovic, W. Becker, and D. B. Milŏsević, “electron rescattering in a bicircular laser field,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6413–6424 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, K. M. Dorney, J. L. Ellis, E. Hasović, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, D. Zusin, F. J. Dollar, X. Tong, D. B. Milŏsević, W. Becker, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling electron-ion rescattering in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053406 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. L. Chaloupka and D. D. Hickstein, “Dynamics of strong-field double ionization in two-color counterrotating fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(14), 143005 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Mancuso, K. M. Dorney, D. D. Hickstein, J. L. Chaloupka, J. L. Ellis, F. J. Dollar, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, D. Zusin, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(13), 133201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Döner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(13), 133202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Yuan, S. Chelkowski, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Photoelectron momentum distributions of molecules in bichromatic circularly polarized attosecond UV laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 053425 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. S. Maxwell and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Controlling below-threshold nonsequential double ionization via quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(14), 143001 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, W. Guo, Y. Zhou, and Z. Wu, “Role of coulomb repulsion in correlated-electron emission from a doubly excited state in nonsequential double ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 93(1), 013416 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, S. Xu, W. Quan, C. Gong, X. Lai, S. Hu, M. Liu, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Recoil-ion momentum distribution for nonsequential double ionization of Xe in intense midinfrared laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053412 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

D. Ye, M. Li, L. Fu, J. Liu, Q. Gong, Y. Liu, and J. Ullrich, “Scaling laws of the two-electron sum-energy spectrum in strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(12), 123001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Dong, Z. Zhang, L. Bai, and J. Zhang, “Scaling law of nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033409 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, P. Grychtol, R. Knut, O. Kfir, X. Tong, F. Dollar, D. Zusin, M. Gopalakrishnan, C. Gentry, E. Turgut, J. L. Ellis, M. Chen, A. Fleischer, O. Cohen, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Strong-field ionization with two-color circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 91(3), 031402 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

A. Fleischer, O. Kfir, T. Diskin, P. Sidorenko, and O. Cohen, “Spin angular momentum and tunable polarization in high-harmonic generation,” Nat. Photonics 8, 543–549 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J. Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(1), 013003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Hao, J. Chen, W. Li, B. Wang, X. Wang, and W. Becker, “Quantum effects in double ionization of argon below the threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(7), 073002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3(3), 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Jo Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria and X. Liu, “Electron-electron correlation in strong laser fields,” J. Mod. Opt. 58(13), 1076–1131 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Niikura, H. J. Wörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Probing the spatial structure of a molecular attosecond electron wave packet using shaped recollision trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 093004 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2301–2308 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

Z. Chen, Y. Liang, and C. D. Lin, “Quantum theory of recollisional (e, 2e) process in strong field nonsequential double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 253201 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical polarization and probability of double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Strong field double ionization: the phase space perspective,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(17), 173002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K.D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103008 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

M. Kitzler and M. Lezius, “Spatial control of recollision wave packets with attosecond precision,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 253001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

J. Chen and C. H. Nam, “Ion momentum distributions for He single and double ionization in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 66(5), 053415 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

R. Panfili, J. H. Eberly, and S. L. Haan, “Comparing classical and quantum simulations of strong-field double-ionization,” Opt. Express 8(7), 431–435 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (3)

M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, “Intense-field double ionization of helium: identifying the mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(22), 4707–4710 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. B. Milŏsević, W. Becker, and R. Kopold, “Generation of circularly polarized high-order harmonics by two-color coplanar field mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 61(6), 063403 (2000).
[Crossref]

1995 (4)

T. Zuo and A. D. Bandrauk, “High-order harmonic generation in intense laser and magnetic fields,” J. Nonl. Opt. Phys. Mater. 04(3), 533–546 (1995).
[Crossref]

S. Long, W. Becker, and J. K. McIver, “Model calculations of polarization-dependent two-color high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52(3), 2262–2278 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Eichmann, A. Egbert, S. Nolte, C. Momma, and B. Wellegehausen, “Polarization-dependent high-order two-color mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3414–R3417 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. C. Kulander, J. Cooper, and K. J. Schafer, “Laser-assisted inelastic rescattering during above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 51(1), 561–568 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

D. N. Fittingoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref]

Agostini, P.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, L.

S. Dong, Z. Zhang, L. Bai, and J. Zhang, “Scaling law of nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033409 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baltuška, A.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bandrauk, A. D.

K. J. Yuan, S. Chelkowski, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Photoelectron momentum distributions of molecules in bichromatic circularly polarized attosecond UV laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 053425 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Zuo and A. D. Bandrauk, “High-order harmonic generation in intense laser and magnetic fields,” J. Nonl. Opt. Phys. Mater. 04(3), 533–546 (1995).
[Crossref]

Barth, I.

K. Liu, S. Luo, M. Li, Y. Li, Y. Feng, B. Du, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, and I. Barth, “Detecting and characterizing the nonadiabaticity of laser-induced quantum tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 122(5), 053202 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Liu and I. Barth, “Identifying the tunneling site in strong-field ionization of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119(24), 243204 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baudisch, M.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

Bauer, T.

S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Döner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(13), 133202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, A.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Becker, W.

C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, K. M. Dorney, J. L. Ellis, E. Hasović, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, D. Zusin, F. J. Dollar, X. Tong, D. B. Milŏsević, W. Becker, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling electron-ion rescattering in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053406 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Hasovic, W. Becker, and D. B. Milŏsević, “electron rescattering in a bicircular laser field,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6413–6424 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Hao, J. Chen, W. Li, B. Wang, X. Wang, and W. Becker, “Quantum effects in double ionization of argon below the threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(7), 073002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Jo Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. B. Milŏsević, W. Becker, and R. Kopold, “Generation of circularly polarized high-order harmonics by two-color coplanar field mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 61(6), 063403 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Long, W. Becker, and J. K. McIver, “Model calculations of polarization-dependent two-color high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52(3), 2262–2278 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ben, S.

Ben-Itzhak, I.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3(3), 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergues, B.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3(3), 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Betsch, K. J.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3(3), 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

Blaga, C. I.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K.D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bolton, P. R.

D. N. Fittingoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref]

Breen, L.

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103008 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Camus, N.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3(3), 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, W.

S. Luo, X. Ma, H. Xie, M. Li, Y. Zhou, W. Cao, and P. Lu, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization of Ne with parallel-polarized two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 26(10), 13666–13676 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. He, Y. Li, Y. Zhou, M. Li, W. Cao, and P. Lu, “Direct visualization of valence electron motion using strong-field photoelectron holography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120(13), 133204 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chaloupka, J. L.

C. A. Mancuso, K. M. Dorney, D. D. Hickstein, J. L. Chaloupka, J. L. Ellis, F. J. Dollar, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, D. Zusin, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(13), 133201 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Chaloupka and D. D. Hickstein, “Dynamics of strong-field double ionization in two-color counterrotating fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(14), 143005 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chandre, C.

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Strong field double ionization: the phase space perspective,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(17), 173002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, B.

D. N. Fittingoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref]

Chelkowski, S.

K. J. Yuan, S. Chelkowski, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Photoelectron momentum distributions of molecules in bichromatic circularly polarized attosecond UV laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 053425 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

T. Xu, Q. Zhu, J. Chen, S. Ben, J. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Multiple recollisions in nonsequential double ionization by counter-rotating two-color circularly polarized laser fields,” Opt. Express 26(2), 1645–1654 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Lin, X. Jia, Z. Yu, F. He, J. Ma, H. Li, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, W. Zhang, H. Li, P. Lu, H. Zeng, J. Chen, and J. Wu, “Comparison study of strong-field ionization of molecules and atoms by bicircular two-color femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 119(20), 203202 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, S. Xu, W. Quan, C. Gong, X. Lai, S. Hu, M. Liu, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Recoil-ion momentum distribution for nonsequential double ionization of Xe in intense midinfrared laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053412 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Hao, J. Chen, W. Li, B. Wang, X. Wang, and W. Becker, “Quantum effects in double ionization of argon below the threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(7), 073002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chen and C. H. Nam, “Ion momentum distributions for He single and double ionization in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 66(5), 053415 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, P. Grychtol, R. Knut, O. Kfir, X. Tong, F. Dollar, D. Zusin, M. Gopalakrishnan, C. Gentry, E. Turgut, J. L. Ellis, M. Chen, A. Fleischer, O. Cohen, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Strong-field ionization with two-color circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 91(3), 031402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

X. Ma, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, M. Li, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Timing the release of the correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization by circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Opt. Express 27(3), 1825–1837 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Li, M. Li, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Rabi oscillation in few-photon double ionization through doubly excited states,” Phys. Rev. A 97(1), 013428 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Tan, Y. Zhou, M. He, Y. Chen, Q. Ke, J. Liang, X. Zhu, M. Li, and P. Lu, “Determination of the ionization time using attosecond photoelectron interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(25), 253203 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

Z. Chen, Y. Liang, and C. D. Lin, “Quantum theory of recollisional (e, 2e) process in strong field nonsequential double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 253201 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cohen, O.

C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, P. Grychtol, R. Knut, O. Kfir, X. Tong, F. Dollar, D. Zusin, M. Gopalakrishnan, C. Gentry, E. Turgut, J. L. Ellis, M. Chen, A. Fleischer, O. Cohen, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Strong-field ionization with two-color circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 91(3), 031402 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Fleischer, O. Kfir, T. Diskin, P. Sidorenko, and O. Cohen, “Spin angular momentum and tunable polarization in high-harmonic generation,” Nat. Photonics 8, 543–549 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cooper, J.

K. C. Kulander, J. Cooper, and K. J. Schafer, “Laser-assisted inelastic rescattering during above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 51(1), 561–568 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Niikura, H. J. Wörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Probing the spatial structure of a molecular attosecond electron wave packet using shaped recollision trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 093004 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, J. R.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Jesus, V. L. B.

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

Deipenwisch, J.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiMauro, L. F.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K.D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diskin, T.

A. Fleischer, O. Kfir, T. Diskin, P. Sidorenko, and O. Cohen, “Spin angular momentum and tunable polarization in high-harmonic generation,” Nat. Photonics 8, 543–549 (2014).
[Crossref]

Doherty, B. J. S.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K.D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133001 (2006).
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C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, K. M. Dorney, J. L. Ellis, E. Hasović, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, D. Zusin, F. J. Dollar, X. Tong, D. B. Milŏsević, W. Becker, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling electron-ion rescattering in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053406 (2016).
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C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, K. M. Dorney, J. L. Ellis, E. Hasović, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, D. Zusin, F. J. Dollar, X. Tong, D. B. Milŏsević, W. Becker, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling electron-ion rescattering in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053406 (2016).
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C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, P. Grychtol, R. Knut, O. Kfir, X. Tong, F. Dollar, D. Zusin, M. Gopalakrishnan, C. Gentry, E. Turgut, J. L. Ellis, M. Chen, A. Fleischer, O. Cohen, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Strong-field ionization with two-color circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 91(3), 031402 (2015).
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Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J. Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(1), 013003 (2014).
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M. Han, P. Ge, Y. Shao, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Attoclock photoelectron interferometry with two-color corotating circular fields to probe the phase and the amplitude of emitting wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120(7), 073202 (2018).
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C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, K. M. Dorney, J. L. Ellis, E. Hasović, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, D. Zusin, F. J. Dollar, X. Tong, D. B. Milŏsević, W. Becker, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling electron-ion rescattering in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053406 (2016).
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C. A. Mancuso, K. M. Dorney, D. D. Hickstein, J. L. Chaloupka, J. L. Ellis, F. J. Dollar, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, D. Zusin, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(13), 133201 (2016).
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C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, P. Grychtol, R. Knut, O. Kfir, X. Tong, F. Dollar, D. Zusin, M. Gopalakrishnan, C. Gentry, E. Turgut, J. L. Ellis, M. Chen, A. Fleischer, O. Cohen, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Strong-field ionization with two-color circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 91(3), 031402 (2015).
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Y. Wang, S. Xu, W. Quan, C. Gong, X. Lai, S. Hu, M. Liu, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Recoil-ion momentum distribution for nonsequential double ionization of Xe in intense midinfrared laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053412 (2016).
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D. Ye, M. Li, L. Fu, J. Liu, Q. Gong, Y. Liu, and J. Ullrich, “Scaling laws of the two-electron sum-energy spectrum in strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(12), 123001 (2015).
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Y. Liu, L. Fu, D. Ye, J. Liu, M. Li, C. Wu, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization through sequential release from double excitation with subsequent coulomb scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(1), 013003 (2014).
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C. A. Mancuso, K. M. Dorney, D. D. Hickstein, J. L. Chaloupka, J. L. Ellis, F. J. Dollar, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, D. Zusin, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(13), 133201 (2016).
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C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, P. Grychtol, R. Knut, O. Kfir, X. Tong, F. Dollar, D. Zusin, M. Gopalakrishnan, C. Gentry, E. Turgut, J. L. Ellis, M. Chen, A. Fleischer, O. Cohen, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Strong-field ionization with two-color circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 91(3), 031402 (2015).
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M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, “Intense-field double ionization of helium: identifying the mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(22), 4707–4710 (2000).
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C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, K. M. Dorney, J. L. Ellis, E. Hasović, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, D. Zusin, F. J. Dollar, X. Tong, D. B. Milŏsević, W. Becker, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling electron-ion rescattering in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 93(5), 053406 (2016).
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C. A. Mancuso, K. M. Dorney, D. D. Hickstein, J. L. Chaloupka, J. L. Ellis, F. J. Dollar, R. Knut, P. Grychtol, D. Zusin, C. Gentry, M. Gopalakrishnan, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization in two-color circularly polarized femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(13), 133201 (2016).
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C. A. Mancuso, D. D. Hickstein, P. Grychtol, R. Knut, O. Kfir, X. Tong, F. Dollar, D. Zusin, M. Gopalakrishnan, C. Gentry, E. Turgut, J. L. Ellis, M. Chen, A. Fleischer, O. Cohen, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Strong-field ionization with two-color circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 91(3), 031402 (2015).
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S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(10), 103008 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili, J. H. Eberly, and S. L. Haan, “Comparing classical and quantum simulations of strong-field double-ionization,” Opt. Express 8(7), 431–435 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. Han, P. Ge, Y. Shao, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Attoclock photoelectron interferometry with two-color corotating circular fields to probe the phase and the amplitude of emitting wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120(7), 073202 (2018).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, I. Ivanov, M. Richter, K. Fehre, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, D. Trabert, N. Schlott, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, M. S. Schöffler, A. Kheifets, and R. Dörner, “Subcycle interference upon tunnel ionization by counter-rotating two-color fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97(4), 041402 (2018).
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S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Döner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(13), 133202 (2016).
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B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
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B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
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S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, I. Ivanov, M. Richter, K. Fehre, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, D. Trabert, N. Schlott, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, M. S. Schöffler, A. Kheifets, and R. Dörner, “Subcycle interference upon tunnel ionization by counter-rotating two-color fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97(4), 041402 (2018).
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S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Döner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(13), 133202 (2016).
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S. Eckart, K. Fehre, N. Eicke, A. Hartung, J. Rist, D. Trabert, N. Strenger, A. Pier, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, M. S. Schöffler, M. Lein, M. Kunitski, and R. Dörner, “Direct experimental access to the nonadiabatic initial momentum offset upon tunnel ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(16), 163202 (2018).
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S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, I. Ivanov, M. Richter, K. Fehre, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, D. Trabert, N. Schlott, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, M. S. Schöffler, A. Kheifets, and R. Dörner, “Subcycle interference upon tunnel ionization by counter-rotating two-color fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97(4), 041402 (2018).
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S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Döner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(13), 133202 (2016).
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S. Eckart, M. Richter, M. Kunitski, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, N. Schlott, H. Kang, T. Bauer, H. Sann, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Döner, “Nonsequential double ionization by counterrotating circularly polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(13), 133202 (2016).
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L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
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A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
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S. Eckart, M. Kunitski, I. Ivanov, M. Richter, K. Fehre, A. Hartung, J. Rist, K. Henrichs, D. Trabert, N. Schlott, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, M. S. Schöffler, A. Kheifets, and R. Dörner, “Subcycle interference upon tunnel ionization by counter-rotating two-color fields,” Phys. Rev. A 97(4), 041402 (2018).
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S. Eckart, K. Fehre, N. Eicke, A. Hartung, J. Rist, D. Trabert, N. Strenger, A. Pier, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, M. S. Schöffler, M. Lein, M. Kunitski, and R. Dörner, “Direct experimental access to the nonadiabatic initial momentum offset upon tunnel ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(16), 163202 (2018).
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A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
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B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
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B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(4), 043003 (2001).
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J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K.D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 133001 (2006).
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B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

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B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3(3), 813 (2012).
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L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
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B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
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L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuška, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193002 (2014).
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A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
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T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
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Tong, X.

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D. Ye, M. Li, L. Fu, J. Liu, Q. Gong, Y. Liu, and J. Ullrich, “Scaling laws of the two-electron sum-energy spectrum in strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(12), 123001 (2015).
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N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
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T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
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T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
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B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

Wörner, H. J.

H. Niikura, H. J. Wörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Probing the spatial structure of a molecular attosecond electron wave packet using shaped recollision trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 093004 (2011).
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H. Niikura, H. J. Wörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Probing the spatial structure of a molecular attosecond electron wave packet using shaped recollision trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 093004 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. X (1)

B. Wolter, M. G. Pullen, M. Baudisch, M. Sclafani, M. Hemmer, A. Senftleben, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and J. Biegert, “Strong-field physics with mid-IR fields,” Phys. Rev. X 5(2), 021034 (2015).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Jo Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Double ionization probabilities of Ar as a function of the laser intensity by co- (a) and counter-rotating (b) TCCP laser fields with different field amplitude ratios.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Double ionization probability versus field amplitude ratio for co- (blue curve) and counter-rotating (red curve) TCCP laser fields at 2 × 1014 W/cm2. For visual convenience, those values from co-rotating TCCP fields have been multiplied by a factor of 45. Panels (b) and (c) show the combined laser electric field E(t) (dotted curve) and the corresponding negative vector potential -A(t) (solid curve) for co- and counter-rotating TCCP laser fields with field ratio 2.0 and intensity 2 × 1014 W/cm2. The arrows indicate the time evolution direction. The black dots mark a field maximum and its negative vector potential.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Traveling times (left column) and delay times between double ionization and recollision (right column) for field ratios 1.8 (a,b), 2.4 (c,d) and 3.0 (e,f) at 2 × 1014 W/cm2.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Two sample NSDI trajectories show electron energies versus time (a, d), electron distances from the parent ion versus time (b, e) and the electrons’ path in the field plane (c, f) for field ratio 2.4. The arrows indicate the time evolution direction.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Electron momentum distributions in the field plane at intensity of 2 × 1014 W/cm2 with field ratio 1.8 (a), 2.4 (b) and 3.0 (c). Both electrons are included.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Momentum distributions of the first and second electrons in the field plane at intensity of 2 × 1014 W/cm2 with field ratio 1.8 (left column), 2.4 (middle column) and 3.0 (right column).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Distributions of recollision energy for field ratios 1.8 (blue), 2.4 (red) and 3.0 (green).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Distributions of recollision time for field ratios 1.8 (a), 2.4 (b) and 3.0 (c). The solid gray lines show the laser electric field in arbitrary units. In order to more clearly show the laser phase at recollision, the recollision time is transferred into one optical cycle [kT-0.5T, kT+0.5T].

Equations (2)

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d 2 r i d t 2 = [ V n e ( r i ) + V e e ( r 1 , r 2 ) ] E ( t ) ,
E ( t ) = E 1600 f ( t ) [ c o s ( ω t ) x ^ s i n ( ω t ) y ^ ] + E 800 f ( t ) [ c o s ( 2 ω t ) x ^ ± s i n ( 2 ω t ) y ^ ] ,

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