Abstract

Advanced three-dimensional (3D) imaging techniques can acquire high-resolution 3D biomedical and biological data, but available digital display methods show this data in restricted two dimensions. 3D light-field displays optically reconstruct realistic 3D image by carefully tailoring light fields, and a natural and comfortable 3D sense of real objects or scenes is expected. An interactive floating full-parallax 3D light-field display with all depth cues is demonstrated with 3D biomedical and biological data, which are capable of achieving high efficiency and high image quality. A compound lens-array with two pieces of lens in each lens unit is designed and fabricated to suppress the aberrations and increase the viewing angle. The optimally designed holographic functional screen is used to recompose the light distribution from the lens-array. The imaging distortion can be decreased to less than 1.9% from more than 20%. The real time interactive floating full-parallax 3D light-field image with the clear displayed depth of 30 cm can be perceived with the right geometric occlusion and smooth parallax in the viewing angle of 45°, where 9216 viewpoints are used.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (3)

H. Yu, K. Lee, J. Park, and Y. Park, “Ultrahigh-definition dynamic 3D holographic display by active control of volume speckle fields,” Nat. Photonics 11(3), 186–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Xing, X. Sang, X. Yu, C. Duo, B. Pang, X. Gao, S. Yang, Y. Guan, B. Yan, J. Yuan, and K. Wang, “High-efficient computer-generated integral imaging based on the backward ray-tracing technique and optical reconstruction,” Opt. Express 25(1), 330–338 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Holler, M. Guizar-Sicairos, E. H. Tsai, R. Dinapoli, E. Müller, O. Bunk, J. Raabe, and G. Aeppli, “High-resolution non-destructive three-dimensional imaging of integrated circuits,” Nature 543(7645), 402–406 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (4)

D. Chen, X. Sang, X. Yu, X. Zeng, S. Xie, and N. Guo, “Performance improvement of compressive light field display with the viewing-position-dependent weight distribution,” Opt. Express 24(26), 29781–29793 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Balram and I. Tosic, “Light-Field Imaging and Display Systems,” Inf. Disp. 32(4), 2–9 (2016).

K. Wakunami, P.-Y. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y.-P. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, “Projection-type see-through holographic three-dimensional display,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Siew, “Practical automated glass selection and the design of apochromats with large field of view,” Appl. Opt. 55(32), 9232–9236 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

J. Qian, M. Lei, D. Dan, B. Yao, X. Zhou, Y. Yang, S. Yan, J. Min, and X. Yu, “Full-color structured illumination optical sectioning microscopy,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14513 (2015).

Y. Zhao, L. Cao, H. Zhang, D. Kong, and G. Jin, “Accurate calculation of computer-generated holograms using angular-spectrum layer-oriented method,” Opt. Express 23(20), 25440–25449 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

X. Liu and H. Li, “The progress of light field 3-D displays,” Inf. Disp. 30(6), 6–14 (2014).

2013 (3)

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

K. Xu, H. P. Babcock, and X. Zhuang, “Dual-objective STORM reveals three-dimensional filament organization in the actin cytoskeleton,” Nat. Methods 9(2), 185–188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

X. Sang, F. Fan, S. Choi, C. Jiang, C. Yu, B. Yan, and W. Dou, “Three-dimensional display based on the holographic functional screen,” Opt. Eng. 50(9), 091303 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

Aeppli, G.

M. Holler, M. Guizar-Sicairos, E. H. Tsai, R. Dinapoli, E. Müller, O. Bunk, J. Raabe, and G. Aeppli, “High-resolution non-destructive three-dimensional imaging of integrated circuits,” Nature 543(7645), 402–406 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Babcock, H. P.

K. Xu, H. P. Babcock, and X. Zhuang, “Dual-objective STORM reveals three-dimensional filament organization in the actin cytoskeleton,” Nat. Methods 9(2), 185–188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bablumian, A.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balram, N.

N. Balram and I. Tosic, “Light-Field Imaging and Display Systems,” Inf. Disp. 32(4), 2–9 (2016).

Barabas, J.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beausoleil, R. G.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blanche, P.-A.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bove, V. M.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brug, J.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bunk, O.

M. Holler, M. Guizar-Sicairos, E. H. Tsai, R. Dinapoli, E. Müller, O. Bunk, J. Raabe, and G. Aeppli, “High-resolution non-destructive three-dimensional imaging of integrated circuits,” Nature 543(7645), 402–406 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, L.

Y. Zhao, L. Cao, H. Zhang, D. Kong, and G. Jin, “Accurate calculation of computer-generated holograms using angular-spectrum layer-oriented method,” Opt. Express 23(20), 25440–25449 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, D.

Chen, X.

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, S.

X. Sang, F. Fan, S. Choi, C. Jiang, C. Yu, B. Yan, and W. Dou, “Three-dimensional display based on the holographic functional screen,” Opt. Eng. 50(9), 091303 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Sang, F. C. Fan, C. C. Jiang, S. Choi, W. Dou, C. Yu, and D. Xu, “Demonstration of a large-size real-time full-color three-dimensional display,” Opt. Lett. 34(24), 3803–3805 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christenson, C.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dan, D.

J. Qian, M. Lei, D. Dan, B. Yao, X. Zhou, Y. Yang, S. Yan, J. Min, and X. Yu, “Full-color structured illumination optical sectioning microscopy,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14513 (2015).

Dinapoli, R.

M. Holler, M. Guizar-Sicairos, E. H. Tsai, R. Dinapoli, E. Müller, O. Bunk, J. Raabe, and G. Aeppli, “High-resolution non-destructive three-dimensional imaging of integrated circuits,” Nature 543(7645), 402–406 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dou, W.

X. Sang, F. Fan, S. Choi, C. Jiang, C. Yu, B. Yan, and W. Dou, “Three-dimensional display based on the holographic functional screen,” Opt. Eng. 50(9), 091303 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Sang, F. C. Fan, C. C. Jiang, S. Choi, W. Dou, C. Yu, and D. Xu, “Demonstration of a large-size real-time full-color three-dimensional display,” Opt. Lett. 34(24), 3803–3805 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duo, C.

Fan, F.

X. Sang, F. Fan, S. Choi, C. Jiang, C. Yu, B. Yan, and W. Dou, “Three-dimensional display based on the holographic functional screen,” Opt. Eng. 50(9), 091303 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fan, F. C.

Fattal, D.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fiorentino, M.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flores, D.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, X.

Geng, J.

J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, M.

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, T.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guan, Y.

Guizar-Sicairos, M.

M. Holler, M. Guizar-Sicairos, E. H. Tsai, R. Dinapoli, E. Müller, O. Bunk, J. Raabe, and G. Aeppli, “High-resolution non-destructive three-dimensional imaging of integrated circuits,” Nature 543(7645), 402–406 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, N.

Holler, M.

M. Holler, M. Guizar-Sicairos, E. H. Tsai, R. Dinapoli, E. Müller, O. Bunk, J. Raabe, and G. Aeppli, “High-resolution non-destructive three-dimensional imaging of integrated circuits,” Nature 543(7645), 402–406 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsieh, P.-Y.

K. Wakunami, P.-Y. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y.-P. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, “Projection-type see-through holographic three-dimensional display,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsieh, W.-Y.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, B.

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.-P.

K. Wakunami, P.-Y. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y.-P. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, “Projection-type see-through holographic three-dimensional display,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ichihashi, Y.

K. Wakunami, P.-Y. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y.-P. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, “Projection-type see-through holographic three-dimensional display,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jia, J.

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, C.

X. Sang, F. Fan, S. Choi, C. Jiang, C. Yu, B. Yan, and W. Dou, “Three-dimensional display based on the holographic functional screen,” Opt. Eng. 50(9), 091303 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiang, C. C.

Jin, G.

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, L. Cao, H. Zhang, D. Kong, and G. Jin, “Accurate calculation of computer-generated holograms using angular-spectrum layer-oriented method,” Opt. Express 23(20), 25440–25449 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jolly, S.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kathaperumal, M.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kong, D.

Lee, K.

H. Yu, K. Lee, J. Park, and Y. Park, “Ultrahigh-definition dynamic 3D holographic display by active control of volume speckle fields,” Nat. Photonics 11(3), 186–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lei, M.

J. Qian, M. Lei, D. Dan, B. Yao, X. Zhou, Y. Yang, S. Yan, J. Min, and X. Yu, “Full-color structured illumination optical sectioning microscopy,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14513 (2015).

Li, C.

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

X. Liu and H. Li, “The progress of light field 3-D displays,” Inf. Disp. 30(6), 6–14 (2014).

Li, Q.

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, W.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

X. Liu and H. Li, “The progress of light field 3-D displays,” Inf. Disp. 30(6), 6–14 (2014).

Min, J.

J. Qian, M. Lei, D. Dan, B. Yao, X. Zhou, Y. Yang, S. Yan, J. Min, and X. Yu, “Full-color structured illumination optical sectioning microscopy,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14513 (2015).

Müller, E.

M. Holler, M. Guizar-Sicairos, E. H. Tsai, R. Dinapoli, E. Müller, O. Bunk, J. Raabe, and G. Aeppli, “High-resolution non-destructive three-dimensional imaging of integrated circuits,” Nature 543(7645), 402–406 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Norwood, R. A.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oi, R.

K. Wakunami, P.-Y. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y.-P. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, “Projection-type see-through holographic three-dimensional display,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okui, M.

K. Wakunami, P.-Y. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y.-P. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, “Projection-type see-through holographic three-dimensional display,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pang, B.

Park, J.

H. Yu, K. Lee, J. Park, and Y. Park, “Ultrahigh-definition dynamic 3D holographic display by active control of volume speckle fields,” Nat. Photonics 11(3), 186–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Park, Y.

H. Yu, K. Lee, J. Park, and Y. Park, “Ultrahigh-definition dynamic 3D holographic display by active control of volume speckle fields,” Nat. Photonics 11(3), 186–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Peng, Z.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peyghambarian, N.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qian, J.

J. Qian, M. Lei, D. Dan, B. Yao, X. Zhou, Y. Yang, S. Yan, J. Min, and X. Yu, “Full-color structured illumination optical sectioning microscopy,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14513 (2015).

Raabe, J.

M. Holler, M. Guizar-Sicairos, E. H. Tsai, R. Dinapoli, E. Müller, O. Bunk, J. Raabe, and G. Aeppli, “High-resolution non-destructive three-dimensional imaging of integrated circuits,” Nature 543(7645), 402–406 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rachwal, B.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, H.

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sahu, A.

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sang, X.

Sasaki, H.

K. Wakunami, P.-Y. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y.-P. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, “Projection-type see-through holographic three-dimensional display,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senoh, T.

K. Wakunami, P.-Y. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y.-P. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, “Projection-type see-through holographic three-dimensional display,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siddiqui, O.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siew, R.

Smalley, D. E.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smithwick, Q. Y.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thomas, J.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tosic, I.

N. Balram and I. Tosic, “Light-Field Imaging and Display Systems,” Inf. Disp. 32(4), 2–9 (2016).

Tran, T.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, E. H.

M. Holler, M. Guizar-Sicairos, E. H. Tsai, R. Dinapoli, E. Müller, O. Bunk, J. Raabe, and G. Aeppli, “High-resolution non-destructive three-dimensional imaging of integrated circuits,” Nature 543(7645), 402–406 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vo, S.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voorakaranam, R.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wakunami, K.

K. Wakunami, P.-Y. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y.-P. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, “Projection-type see-through holographic three-dimensional display,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, K.

Wang, P.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, S.

Xing, S.

Xu, D.

Xu, K.

K. Xu, H. P. Babcock, and X. Zhuang, “Dual-objective STORM reveals three-dimensional filament organization in the actin cytoskeleton,” Nat. Methods 9(2), 185–188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xue, G.

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, K.

K. Wakunami, P.-Y. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y.-P. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, “Projection-type see-through holographic three-dimensional display,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, M.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, B.

Yan, S.

J. Qian, M. Lei, D. Dan, B. Yao, X. Zhou, Y. Yang, S. Yan, J. Min, and X. Yu, “Full-color structured illumination optical sectioning microscopy,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14513 (2015).

Yang, S.

Yang, Y.

J. Qian, M. Lei, D. Dan, B. Yao, X. Zhou, Y. Yang, S. Yan, J. Min, and X. Yu, “Full-color structured illumination optical sectioning microscopy,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14513 (2015).

Yao, B.

J. Qian, M. Lei, D. Dan, B. Yao, X. Zhou, Y. Yang, S. Yan, J. Min, and X. Yu, “Full-color structured illumination optical sectioning microscopy,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14513 (2015).

Yu, C.

X. Sang, F. Fan, S. Choi, C. Jiang, C. Yu, B. Yan, and W. Dou, “Three-dimensional display based on the holographic functional screen,” Opt. Eng. 50(9), 091303 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Sang, F. C. Fan, C. C. Jiang, S. Choi, W. Dou, C. Yu, and D. Xu, “Demonstration of a large-size real-time full-color three-dimensional display,” Opt. Lett. 34(24), 3803–3805 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

H. Yu, K. Lee, J. Park, and Y. Park, “Ultrahigh-definition dynamic 3D holographic display by active control of volume speckle fields,” Nat. Photonics 11(3), 186–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.

Yuan, J.

Zeng, X.

Zhang, H.

Zhao, Y.

Zhou, X.

J. Qian, M. Lei, D. Dan, B. Yao, X. Zhou, Y. Yang, S. Yan, J. Min, and X. Yu, “Full-color structured illumination optical sectioning microscopy,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14513 (2015).

Zhuang, X.

K. Xu, H. P. Babcock, and X. Zhuang, “Dual-objective STORM reveals three-dimensional filament organization in the actin cytoskeleton,” Nat. Methods 9(2), 185–188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Inf. Disp. (2)

N. Balram and I. Tosic, “Light-Field Imaging and Display Systems,” Inf. Disp. 32(4), 2–9 (2016).

X. Liu and H. Li, “The progress of light field 3-D displays,” Inf. Disp. 30(6), 6–14 (2014).

Nat. Commun. (2)

X. Li, H. Ren, X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Li, C. Li, G. Xue, J. Jia, L. Cao, A. Sahu, B. Hu, Y. Wang, G. Jin, and M. Gu, “Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 6984 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Wakunami, P.-Y. Hsieh, R. Oi, T. Senoh, H. Sasaki, Y. Ichihashi, M. Okui, Y.-P. Huang, and K. Yamamoto, “Projection-type see-through holographic three-dimensional display,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12954 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Methods (1)

K. Xu, H. P. Babcock, and X. Zhuang, “Dual-objective STORM reveals three-dimensional filament organization in the actin cytoskeleton,” Nat. Methods 9(2), 185–188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

H. Yu, K. Lee, J. Park, and Y. Park, “Ultrahigh-definition dynamic 3D holographic display by active control of volume speckle fields,” Nat. Photonics 11(3), 186–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nature (4)

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Holler, M. Guizar-Sicairos, E. H. Tsai, R. Dinapoli, E. Müller, O. Bunk, J. Raabe, and G. Aeppli, “High-resolution non-destructive three-dimensional imaging of integrated circuits,” Nature 543(7645), 402–406 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Eng. (1)

X. Sang, F. Fan, S. Choi, C. Jiang, C. Yu, B. Yan, and W. Dou, “Three-dimensional display based on the holographic functional screen,” Opt. Eng. 50(9), 091303 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sci. Rep. (1)

J. Qian, M. Lei, D. Dan, B. Yao, X. Zhou, Y. Yang, S. Yan, J. Min, and X. Yu, “Full-color structured illumination optical sectioning microscopy,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14513 (2015).

Supplementary Material (5)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       3D light-field display results of a 3D image of Buddha head captured from different positions
» Visualization 2       3D light-field display of static 3D image of heart flood vessels
» Visualization 3       Interactive dynamic 3D light-field display of heart flood vessels
» Visualization 4       3D light-field display of a red stained mite
» Visualization 5       Interactive dynamic 3D light-field display of a mixed pollen grain specimen

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Comparison of the integral imaging display and the light-field display. (a) The observed discontinuous 3D image and distorted elemental image (b) The clear 3D image and corrected elemental image.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic diagram of the holographic functional screen to recompose light.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The optimized structure and corresponding parameters for the compound lens, (b) comparison of modulation transfer function for the compound lens and the single lens.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Comparison of distortion for two cases with different imaging distances: (a) distortion for the traditional single lens-array without the holographic functional screen, (b) distortion for the compound lens-array with the holographic functional screen.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The 3D image with the traditional single lens-array, (b) the 3D image with the compound lens-array.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Coded elemental image array, and (b) its corresponding 3D light-field display results of a 3D image of Buddha head captured from upper 22°, left 22°, center, right 22°, and lower 22°positions(see Visualization 1).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) 3D light-field display of static 3D image of heart blood vessels (see Visualization 2), and (b) interactive dynamic 3D light-field display of heart blood vessels (see Visualization 3).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) 3D light-field display of a red stained mite (see Visualization 4), and (b) interactive dynamic 3D light-field display of a mixed pollen grain specimen (see Visualization 5) with the 3D data of multi-layers from full-color structured illumination microscopy.

Equations (1)

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Ω i j = n = 1 N m = 1 M ω m n

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