Many ray-optics models have been proposed to describe the propagation of paraxial Gaussian beam. However, those paraxial ray-optics models are inapplicable to the beams that violate the paraxial condition. In this paper, we present a skew line ray (SLR) based model to represent the propagation properties of nonparaxial Gaussian beam under the oblate spheroidal coordinates. The free-space evolution of complex wavefront of the light beam including amplitude and phase is derived via this model. Our analysis demonstrates that the SLR model is available for both nonparaxial and paraxial conditions, and can be used to precisely describe the propagation of complex wavefront. Furthermore, this model changes the transverse density of rays while propagating. The behavior influences the transverse intensity distribution and makes the optical rays become concentrated towards the center. We believe that this ray-optics model can be further developed to describe other kind of structured beams such as Laguerre-Gauss and Bessel-Gauss beams.
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