Abstract

The capability to design, fabricate, and optimize metamaterials based on various structures and material platforms has been crucial for the rapid development of modern terahertz (THz) technology. While the detailed structures of artificial unit cells within a metamaterial is certainly worth investigating, there has been increasing demand to integrate novel metamaterials with a traditional functional photonic device to form a hybrid device, whose performance is so significantly improved as to be promising for real-world applications. In this study, we proposed, for the first time, a THz parallel-plate resonator based on metallic mesh devices (MMDs) for chemical sensing applications. We studied the influences of various structural parameters through simulations, fabricated MMD-based resonator devices, and fully characterized the device performance through THz spectroscopy experiments. Furthermore, we experimentally demonstrated that our device can detect a doxycycline hydrochloride aqueous solution whose concentrations is as low as 1 mg L−1 through resonance frequency shifts, evidencing the device sensitivity capable of delicate chemical sensing tasks. Our work presents a practical and low cost architecture for chemical sensing using THz radiation, which opens new avenues for numerous useful THz devices based on metamaterials.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2018 (3)

C. Wang, J. Y. Qin, W. D. Xu, M. Chen, L. J. Xie, and Y. B. Ying, “Terahertz imaging applications in agriculture and food engineering: A review,” Trans. ASABE 61(2), 411–424 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Al-Naib, “Thin-film sensing via Fano resonance excitation in symmetric terahertz metamaterials,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 39(1), 1–5 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Fan, C. Z. Xiong, J. R. Chen, and S. J. Chang, “Terahertz nonreciprocal isolator based on a magneto-optical microstructure at room temperature,” Opt. Lett. 43(4), 687–690 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (7)

W. Xu, L. Xie, and Y. Ying, “Mechanisms and applications of terahertz metamaterial sensing: a review,” Nanoscale 9(37), 13864–13878 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, M. Zhang, and H. W. Liang, “Realization of full control of a terahertz wave using flexible metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(24), 1700486 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. W. He and Y. Zhang, “Metasurfaces in terahertz waveband,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(46), 464004 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. M. Mittleman, “Perspective: Terahertz science and technology,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(23), 230901 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Q. Wang, D. W. Sun, and H. B. Pu, “Emerging non-destructive terahertz spectroscopic imaging technique: Principle and applications in the agri-food industry,” Trends Food Sci. Technol. 67, 93–105 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (6)

S. Jahani and Z. Jacob, “All-dielectric metamaterials,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 23–36 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chanana, A. Paulsen, S. Guruswamy, and A. Nahata, “Hiding multi-level multi-color images in terahertz metasurfaces,” Optica 3(12), 1466–1470 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical applications of terahertz spectroscopy and imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. In, H. D. Kim, B. Min, and H. Choi, “Photoinduced nonlinear mixing of terahertz dipole resonances in graphene metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 28(7), 1495–1500 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. D. Xu, L. J. Xie, J. F. Zhu, X. Xu, Z. Z. Ye, C. Wang, Y. G. Ma, and Y. B. Ying, “Gold nanoparticle-based terahertz metamaterial sensors: Mechanisms and applications,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2308–2314 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

I. E. Carranza, J. Grant, J. Gough, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Metamaterial-Based Terahertz Imaging,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5(6), 892–901 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Fan, N. H. Shen, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Tunable terahertz meta-surface with graphene cut-wires,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 151–156 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Walia, C. M. Shah, P. Gutruf, H. Nili, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Sriram, “Flexible metasurfaces and metamaterials: A review of materials and fabrication processes at micro- and nano-scales,” Appl. Phys. Rev. 2(1), 011303 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, S. W. Jun, A. R. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Terahertz metamaterial sensing on polystyrene microbeads: shape dependence,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(10), 2150–2155 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Toma, S. Tuccio, M. Prato, F. De Donato, A. Perucchi, P. Di Pietro, S. Marras, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. De Angelis, L. Manna, S. Lupi, E. Di Fabrizio, and L. Razzari, “Squeezing terahertz light into nanovolumes: nanoantenna enhanced terahertz spectroscopy (NETS) of semiconductor quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 15(1), 386–391 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Xie, W. Gao, J. Shu, Y. Ying, and J. Kono, “Extraordinary sensitivity enhancement by metasurfaces in terahertz detection of antibiotics,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8671 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

S. J. Park, B. H. Son, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, and Y. H. Ahn, “Sensitive detection of yeast using terahertz slot antennas,” Opt. Express 22(25), 30467–30472 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Luo, I. Chatzakis, J. Wang, F. B. Niesler, M. Wegener, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Broadband terahertz generation from metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Watts, D. Shrekenhamer, J. Montoya, G. Lipworth, J. Hunt, T. Sleasman, S. Krishna, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Terahertz compressive imaging with metamaterial spatial light modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(8), 605–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Seto, S. Kamba, T. Kondo, M. Hasegawa, S. Nashima, Y. Ehara, Y. Ogawa, Y. Hoshino, and Y. Miura, “Metal mesh device sensor immobilized with a trimethoxysilane-containing glycopolymer for label-free detection of proteins and bacteria,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(15), 13234–13241 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Q. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. L. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

L. Q. Cong, W. Cao, X. Q. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Q. Gu, R. Singh, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. R. Park, K. J. Ahn, S. Han, Y. M. Bahk, N. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Colossal absorption of molecules inside single terahertz nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1782–1786 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

T. Hasebe, Y. Yamada, and H. Tabata, “Analysis of sharp dip structures on terahertz transmission spectra of metallic meshes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51(4), 04DL03 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, H. Tao, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Stand-up magnetic metamaterials at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12619–12627 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Etou, D. Ino, D. Furukawa, K. Watanabe, I. F. Nakai, and Y. Matsumoto, “Mechanism of enhancement in absorbance of vibrational bands of adsorbates at a metal mesh with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(13), 5817–5823 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 256–263 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, W. L. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Controlling metamaterial resonances via dielectric and aspect ratio effects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191906 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. C. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(1), 011105 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Yoshida, K. Suizu, E. Kato, Y. Nakagomi, Y. Ogawa, and K. Kawase, “A high-sensitivity terahertz sensing method using a metallic mesh with unique transmission properties,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 256(1), 146–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 253901 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 41–48 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Miyamaru, S. Hayashi, C. Otani, K. Kawase, Y. Ogawa, H. Yoshida, and E. Kato, “Terahertz surface-wave resonant sensor with a metal hole array,” Opt. Lett. 31(8), 1118–1120 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ahn, K. J.

H. R. Park, K. J. Ahn, S. Han, Y. M. Bahk, N. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Colossal absorption of molecules inside single terahertz nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1782–1786 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, Y. H.

Alfaro-Gomez, M.

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Naib, I.

I. Al-Naib, “Thin-film sensing via Fano resonance excitation in symmetric terahertz metamaterials,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 39(1), 1–5 (2018).
[Crossref]

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A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. C. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(1), 011105 (2009).
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H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tian, Z.

L. Q. Cong, W. Cao, X. Q. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Q. Gu, R. Singh, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. C. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(1), 011105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Toma, A.

A. Toma, S. Tuccio, M. Prato, F. De Donato, A. Perucchi, P. Di Pietro, S. Marras, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. De Angelis, L. Manna, S. Lupi, E. Di Fabrizio, and L. Razzari, “Squeezing terahertz light into nanovolumes: nanoantenna enhanced terahertz spectroscopy (NETS) of semiconductor quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 15(1), 386–391 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tuccio, S.

A. Toma, S. Tuccio, M. Prato, F. De Donato, A. Perucchi, P. Di Pietro, S. Marras, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. De Angelis, L. Manna, S. Lupi, E. Di Fabrizio, and L. Razzari, “Squeezing terahertz light into nanovolumes: nanoantenna enhanced terahertz spectroscopy (NETS) of semiconductor quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 15(1), 386–391 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vier, D. C.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walia, S.

S. Walia, C. M. Shah, P. Gutruf, H. Nili, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Sriram, “Flexible metasurfaces and metamaterials: A review of materials and fabrication processes at micro- and nano-scales,” Appl. Phys. Rev. 2(1), 011303 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

C. Wang, J. Y. Qin, W. D. Xu, M. Chen, L. J. Xie, and Y. B. Ying, “Terahertz imaging applications in agriculture and food engineering: A review,” Trans. ASABE 61(2), 411–424 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. D. Xu, L. J. Xie, J. F. Zhu, X. Xu, Z. Z. Ye, C. Wang, Y. G. Ma, and Y. B. Ying, “Gold nanoparticle-based terahertz metamaterial sensors: Mechanisms and applications,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2308–2314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

L. Luo, I. Chatzakis, J. Wang, F. B. Niesler, M. Wegener, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Broadband terahertz generation from metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, K. Q.

K. Q. Wang, D. W. Sun, and H. B. Pu, “Emerging non-destructive terahertz spectroscopic imaging technique: Principle and applications in the agri-food industry,” Trends Food Sci. Technol. 67, 93–105 (2017).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, K.

J. Etou, D. Ino, D. Furukawa, K. Watanabe, I. F. Nakai, and Y. Matsumoto, “Mechanism of enhancement in absorbance of vibrational bands of adsorbates at a metal mesh with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(13), 5817–5823 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watts, C. M.

C. M. Watts, D. Shrekenhamer, J. Montoya, G. Lipworth, J. Hunt, T. Sleasman, S. Krishna, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Terahertz compressive imaging with metamaterial spatial light modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(8), 605–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wegener, M.

L. Luo, I. Chatzakis, J. Wang, F. B. Niesler, M. Wegener, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Broadband terahertz generation from metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Withayachumnankul, W.

S. Walia, C. M. Shah, P. Gutruf, H. Nili, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Sriram, “Flexible metasurfaces and metamaterials: A review of materials and fabrication processes at micro- and nano-scales,” Appl. Phys. Rev. 2(1), 011303 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Q. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. L. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wolff, P.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Xie, L.

W. Xu, L. Xie, and Y. Ying, “Mechanisms and applications of terahertz metamaterial sensing: a review,” Nanoscale 9(37), 13864–13878 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Xie, W. Gao, J. Shu, Y. Ying, and J. Kono, “Extraordinary sensitivity enhancement by metasurfaces in terahertz detection of antibiotics,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8671 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, L. J.

C. Wang, J. Y. Qin, W. D. Xu, M. Chen, L. J. Xie, and Y. B. Ying, “Terahertz imaging applications in agriculture and food engineering: A review,” Trans. ASABE 61(2), 411–424 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. D. Xu, L. J. Xie, J. F. Zhu, X. Xu, Z. Z. Ye, C. Wang, Y. G. Ma, and Y. B. Ying, “Gold nanoparticle-based terahertz metamaterial sensors: Mechanisms and applications,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2308–2314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xiong, C. Z.

Xu, W.

W. Xu, L. Xie, and Y. Ying, “Mechanisms and applications of terahertz metamaterial sensing: a review,” Nanoscale 9(37), 13864–13878 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, W. D.

C. Wang, J. Y. Qin, W. D. Xu, M. Chen, L. J. Xie, and Y. B. Ying, “Terahertz imaging applications in agriculture and food engineering: A review,” Trans. ASABE 61(2), 411–424 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. D. Xu, L. J. Xie, J. F. Zhu, X. Xu, Z. Z. Ye, C. Wang, Y. G. Ma, and Y. B. Ying, “Gold nanoparticle-based terahertz metamaterial sensors: Mechanisms and applications,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2308–2314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

W. D. Xu, L. J. Xie, J. F. Zhu, X. Xu, Z. Z. Ye, C. Wang, Y. G. Ma, and Y. B. Ying, “Gold nanoparticle-based terahertz metamaterial sensors: Mechanisms and applications,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2308–2314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yamada, Y.

T. Hasebe, Y. Yamada, and H. Tabata, “Analysis of sharp dip structures on terahertz transmission spectra of metallic meshes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51(4), 04DL03 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, K.

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical applications of terahertz spectroscopy and imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, X.

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical applications of terahertz spectroscopy and imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, Z. Z.

W. D. Xu, L. J. Xie, J. F. Zhu, X. Xu, Z. Z. Ye, C. Wang, Y. G. Ma, and Y. B. Ying, “Gold nanoparticle-based terahertz metamaterial sensors: Mechanisms and applications,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2308–2314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yen, T. J.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ying, Y.

W. Xu, L. Xie, and Y. Ying, “Mechanisms and applications of terahertz metamaterial sensing: a review,” Nanoscale 9(37), 13864–13878 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Xie, W. Gao, J. Shu, Y. Ying, and J. Kono, “Extraordinary sensitivity enhancement by metasurfaces in terahertz detection of antibiotics,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8671 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ying, Y. B.

C. Wang, J. Y. Qin, W. D. Xu, M. Chen, L. J. Xie, and Y. B. Ying, “Terahertz imaging applications in agriculture and food engineering: A review,” Trans. ASABE 61(2), 411–424 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. D. Xu, L. J. Xie, J. F. Zhu, X. Xu, Z. Z. Ye, C. Wang, Y. G. Ma, and Y. B. Ying, “Gold nanoparticle-based terahertz metamaterial sensors: Mechanisms and applications,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2308–2314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, H.

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 253901 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Miyamaru, S. Hayashi, C. Otani, K. Kawase, Y. Ogawa, H. Yoshida, and E. Kato, “Terahertz surface-wave resonant sensor with a metal hole array,” Opt. Lett. 31(8), 1118–1120 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoshida, S.

S. Yoshida, K. Suizu, E. Kato, Y. Nakagomi, Y. Ogawa, and K. Kawase, “A high-sensitivity terahertz sensing method using a metallic mesh with unique transmission properties,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 256(1), 146–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, N.

H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, Y.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, M. Zhang, and H. W. Liang, “Realization of full control of a terahertz wave using flexible metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(24), 1700486 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

L. Zhang, M. Zhang, and H. W. Liang, “Realization of full control of a terahertz wave using flexible metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(24), 1700486 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. C. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(1), 011105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W. L.

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Q. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. L. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Q. Cong, W. Cao, X. Q. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Q. Gu, R. Singh, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, W. L. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Controlling metamaterial resonances via dielectric and aspect ratio effects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191906 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, X. Q.

L. Q. Cong, W. Cao, X. Q. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Q. Gu, R. Singh, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

J. W. He and Y. Zhang, “Metasurfaces in terahertz waveband,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(46), 464004 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical applications of terahertz spectroscopy and imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, J. F.

W. D. Xu, L. J. Xie, J. F. Zhu, X. Xu, Z. Z. Ye, C. Wang, Y. G. Ma, and Y. B. Ying, “Gold nanoparticle-based terahertz metamaterial sensors: Mechanisms and applications,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2308–2314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zide, J. M.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

H. Seto, S. Kamba, T. Kondo, M. Hasegawa, S. Nashima, Y. Ehara, Y. Ogawa, Y. Hoshino, and Y. Miura, “Metal mesh device sensor immobilized with a trimethoxysilane-containing glycopolymer for label-free detection of proteins and bacteria,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(15), 13234–13241 (2014).
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ACS Photonics (2)

W. D. Xu, L. J. Xie, J. F. Zhu, X. Xu, Z. Z. Ye, C. Wang, Y. G. Ma, and Y. B. Ying, “Gold nanoparticle-based terahertz metamaterial sensors: Mechanisms and applications,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2308–2314 (2016).
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Y. C. Fan, N. H. Shen, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Tunable terahertz meta-surface with graphene cut-wires,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 151–156 (2015).
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Adv. Mater. (2)

M. Manjappa, Y. K. Srivastava, L. Cong, I. Al-Naib, and R. Singh, “Active photoswitching of sharp Fano resonances in THz metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 29(3), 1603355 (2017).
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C. In, H. D. Kim, B. Min, and H. Choi, “Photoinduced nonlinear mixing of terahertz dipole resonances in graphene metadevices,” Adv. Mater. 28(7), 1495–1500 (2016).
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Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

L. Zhang, M. Zhang, and H. W. Liang, “Realization of full control of a terahertz wave using flexible metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(24), 1700486 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, W. L. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, “Controlling metamaterial resonances via dielectric and aspect ratio effects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191906 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Q. Cong, W. Cao, X. Q. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Q. Gu, R. Singh, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yoshida, Y. Ogawa, Y. Kawai, S. Hayashi, A. Hayashi, C. Otani, E. Kato, F. Miyamaru, and K. Kawase, “Terahertz sensing method for protein detection using a thin metallic mesh,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 253901 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, S. R. Kasarla, A. J. Taylor, Z. Tian, X. C. Lu, W. Zhang, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and J. F. O’Hara, “Ultrafast optical control of terahertz surface plasmons in subwavelength hole arrays at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(1), 011105 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, W. Cao, I. Al-Naib, L. Q. Cong, W. Withayachumnankul, and W. L. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive terahertz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Rev. (1)

S. Walia, C. M. Shah, P. Gutruf, H. Nili, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Withayachumnankul, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Sriram, “Flexible metasurfaces and metamaterials: A review of materials and fabrication processes at micro- and nano-scales,” Appl. Phys. Rev. 2(1), 011303 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. (2)

I. E. Carranza, J. Grant, J. Gough, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Metamaterial-Based Terahertz Imaging,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 5(6), 892–901 (2015).
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H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 256–263 (2011).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. M. Mittleman, “Perspective: Terahertz science and technology,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(23), 230901 (2017).
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I. Al-Naib, “Thin-film sensing via Fano resonance excitation in symmetric terahertz metamaterials,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 39(1), 1–5 (2018).
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J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

S. Yoshida, K. Suizu, E. Kato, Y. Nakagomi, Y. Ogawa, and K. Kawase, “A high-sensitivity terahertz sensing method using a metallic mesh with unique transmission properties,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 256(1), 146–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

J. W. He and Y. Zhang, “Metasurfaces in terahertz waveband,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(46), 464004 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Hasebe, Y. Yamada, and H. Tabata, “Analysis of sharp dip structures on terahertz transmission spectra of metallic meshes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51(4), 04DL03 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

A. Toma, S. Tuccio, M. Prato, F. De Donato, A. Perucchi, P. Di Pietro, S. Marras, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, F. De Angelis, L. Manna, S. Lupi, E. Di Fabrizio, and L. Razzari, “Squeezing terahertz light into nanovolumes: nanoantenna enhanced terahertz spectroscopy (NETS) of semiconductor quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 15(1), 386–391 (2015).
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H. R. Park, K. J. Ahn, S. Han, Y. M. Bahk, N. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Colossal absorption of molecules inside single terahertz nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1782–1786 (2013).
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Nanoscale (1)

W. Xu, L. Xie, and Y. Ying, “Mechanisms and applications of terahertz metamaterial sensing: a review,” Nanoscale 9(37), 13864–13878 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

L. Luo, I. Chatzakis, J. Wang, F. B. Niesler, M. Wegener, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Broadband terahertz generation from metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

S. Jahani and Z. Jacob, “All-dielectric metamaterials,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 23–36 (2016).
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V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 41–48 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. M. Watts, D. Shrekenhamer, J. Montoya, G. Lipworth, J. Hunt, T. Sleasman, S. Krishna, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Terahertz compressive imaging with metamaterial spatial light modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(8), 605–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Optica (1)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. Etou, D. Ino, D. Furukawa, K. Watanabe, I. F. Nakai, and Y. Matsumoto, “Mechanism of enhancement in absorbance of vibrational bands of adsorbates at a metal mesh with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(13), 5817–5823 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (2)

L. Xie, W. Gao, J. Shu, Y. Ying, and J. Kono, “Extraordinary sensitivity enhancement by metasurfaces in terahertz detection of antibiotics,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8671 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, I. Salas-Gutierrez, E. Lemus-Bedolla, A. R. Castillo-Guzman, H. L. Lopez-Lemus, and E. Castro-Camus, “Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42124 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trans. ASABE (1)

C. Wang, J. Y. Qin, W. D. Xu, M. Chen, L. J. Xie, and Y. B. Ying, “Terahertz imaging applications in agriculture and food engineering: A review,” Trans. ASABE 61(2), 411–424 (2018).
[Crossref]

Trends Biotechnol. (1)

X. Yang, X. Zhao, K. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, W. Fu, and Y. Luo, “Biomedical applications of terahertz spectroscopy and imaging,” Trends Biotechnol. 34(10), 810–824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trends Food Sci. Technol. (1)

K. Q. Wang, D. W. Sun, and H. B. Pu, “Emerging non-destructive terahertz spectroscopic imaging technique: Principle and applications in the agri-food industry,” Trends Food Sci. Technol. 67, 93–105 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

K. E. Peiponen, J. A. Zeitler, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging (Springer, 2013), pp. 491–520.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light (Elsevier, 2013).

S. T. Xu, F. T. Hu, M. Chen, F. Fan, and S. J. Chang, “Broadband terahertz polarization converter and asymmetric transmission based on coupled dielectric-metal grating,” Ann. Phys.-Berlin 529(10), 1700151 (2017).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 THz-PPRs measurement with different plate spacing. (a) Schematic diagram of the THz-PPR for transmission measurements. (b) Experimental and simulated transmission spectra for THz-PPRs with different plate spacing (100 μm, 200 μm, 300 μm, 400 μm, and 500 μm). (c) Simulated transmission spectra as a function of frequency (from 0.3 to 1.6 THz) and spacing (from 0 to 700 μm) for the THz-PPR; the color bar indicates THz transmittance.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulated results of THz-PPRs with different plate thicknesses and plate refractive indices at plate spacing of 500 μm. (a) Simulated transmission spectra of THz-PPRs with different plate thicknesses (2000 μm, 2500 μm, 3000 μm, 3500 μm, and 4000 μm); the plate refractive index is 1.95. (b) Simulated transmission spectra of THz-PPRs with different plate refractive indices (1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, and 3.5); the plate thickness is 3000 μm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The properties of the THz MMD. (a) A microscopy image of the THz MMD. (b) Measured transmission spectra of a bare MMD and an MMD-based plate.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 MMDs-based THz-PPRs measurement with different plate spacing. (a) Schematic diagram of the MMDs-based THz-PPR for transmission measurements. (b) Experimental and simulated transmission spectra for MMDs-based THz-PPRs with different plate spacing (120 μm, 220 μm, 320 μm, 420 μm, and 520 μm). (c) Simulated transmission spectra as a function of frequency (from 0.2 to 1.2 THz) and spacing (from 70 to 570 μm) for the MMDs-based THz-PPR; the color bar indicates THz transmittance.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Measured transmission spectra for a THz-PPR with only an MMD attached under different plate spacing (85 μm, 185 μm, 285 μm, 385 μm, and 485 μm).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Experimental (solid line) and simulated (dashed line) results of resonant peak frequencies of MMDs-based THz-PPRs with and without a 50-micro-thick polyester film with different spacing ranging from 120 to 420 μm. (b) Simulated results of resonant peak frequencies for resonators where dielectric films with various thicknesses (from 0 to 50 μm) and refractive indices (from 1.5 to 3.0) are introduced.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Detection of DCH aqueous solution with different concentrations ranging from 0 to 10000 mg L−1 by the MMDs-based THz-PPR with plate spacing of 120 μm. (a) Experimental transmission spectra obtained using different concentrations of DCH aqueous solutions. (b) Peak frequency (black square) and corresponding peak transmittance (red circle) versus DCH concentrations, the error bars were the standard deviations of three replications.

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