Abstract

We report on an optically pumped magnetometer that uses multiple laser beams to pump and probe spin-polarized Cs atoms. The selected sensor geometry allows for operation in finite magnetic fields as well as close to zero field. In finite fields the magnetometer employs free spin precession signals to determine the field modulus and direction as described in a separate publication. This publication focuses on the magnetometer operation close to zero field, which is based on a ground state Hanle resonance. The four laser beams permit the simultaneous measurement of two orthogonal magnetic field components in a differential detection scheme that greatly suppresses technical laser power noise. Sensitivities better than 54 fT/Hz1/2 could be demonstrated simultaneously for both measurement channels in a well shielded environment. A minimum Allan deviation, limited by residual field fluctuations, of better than 40 fT was observed for integration times of 2s. The magnetometer achieves high sensitivity and stability in offset fields as well as close to zero field and is, thus, a universal tool for low frequency magnetic field measurements.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. D. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond
Opt. Express 23(17) 22108-22115 (2015)

Pulsed operation of a miniature scalar optically pumped magnetometer

Vladislav Gerginov, Sean Krzyzewski, and Svenja Knappe
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34(7) 1429-1434 (2017)

Multi-channel spin exchange relaxation free magnetometer towards two-dimensional vector magnetoencephalography

Guiying Zhang, Shengjie Huang, Feixiang Xu, Zhenghui Hu, and Qiang Lin
Opt. Express 27(2) 597-607 (2019)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Budker and D. F. J. Kimball, eds., Optical Magnetometry (Cambridge University Press, 2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. Budker and M. Romalis, “Optical magnetometry,” Nat. Phys. 3, 227–234 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596–599 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. C. Cohen-Tannoudji and A. Kastler, “Optical pumping,” in Progress in Optics, vol. 5E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1966).
    [Crossref]
  5. W. Happer and B. S. Mathur, “Effective operator formalism in optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. 163, 12–25 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. Shi, T. Scholtes, Z. D. Grujić, V. Lebedev, V. Dolgovskiy, and A. Weis, “Quantitative study of optical pumping in the presence of spin-exchange relaxation,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 013419 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  7. N. Castagna and A. Weis, “Measurement of longitudinal and transverse spin relaxation rates using the ground-state Hanle effect,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053421 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  8. W. C. Griffith, S. Knappe, and J. Kitching, “Femtotesla atomic magnetometry in a microfabricated vapor cell,” Opt. Express 18, 27167–27172 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. J. Seltzer and M. V. Romalis, “Unshielded three-axis vector operation of a spin-exchange-relaxation-free atomic magnetometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4804–4806 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  10. E. B. Alexandrov and V. A. Bonch-Bruevich, “Optically pumped atomic magnetometers after three decades,” Opt. Eng. 31, 711–717 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. Weis, G. Bison, and Z. D. Grujić, “Magnetic resonance based atomic magnetometers,” in High Sensitivity Magnetometers. Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation, A. Grosz, M. J. Haji-Sheikh, and S. C. Mukhopadhyay, eds. (Springer, Cham, 2017).
    [Crossref]
  12. B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, “All-optical vector atomic magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. J. Bork, H.-D. Hahlbohm, R. Klein, and A. Schnabel, “The 8-layered magnetically shielded room of the PTB: design and construction,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Biomagnetism, BIOMAG 2000, J. Nenonen, R. J. Ilmoniemi, and T. Katila, eds. (Helsinki University of Technology, 2001), pp. 970–973.
  15. N. Castagna, G. Bison, G. di Domenico, A. Hofer, P. Knowles, C. Macchione, H. Saudan, and A. Weis, “A large sample study of spin relaxation and magnetometric sensitivity of paraffin-coated Cs vapor cells,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 763–772 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  16. F. Thiel, A. Schnabel, S. Knappe-Grueneberg, D. Stollfuss, and M. Burghoff, “Demagnetization of magnetically shielded rooms,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78035106 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. R. E. Crochiere and L. R. Rabiner, “Interpolation and decimation of digital signals – a tutorial review,” Proc. IEEE 69, 300–331 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  18. W. J. Riley, Handbook of Frequency Stability Analysis, NIST special publication (U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2008).
  19. C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2018 (1)

Y. Shi, T. Scholtes, Z. D. Grujić, V. Lebedev, V. Dolgovskiy, and A. Weis, “Quantitative study of optical pumping in the presence of spin-exchange relaxation,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 013419 (2018).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, “All-optical vector atomic magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

N. Castagna and A. Weis, “Measurement of longitudinal and transverse spin relaxation rates using the ground-state Hanle effect,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053421 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

N. Castagna, G. Bison, G. di Domenico, A. Hofer, P. Knowles, C. Macchione, H. Saudan, and A. Weis, “A large sample study of spin relaxation and magnetometric sensitivity of paraffin-coated Cs vapor cells,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 763–772 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

F. Thiel, A. Schnabel, S. Knappe-Grueneberg, D. Stollfuss, and M. Burghoff, “Demagnetization of magnetically shielded rooms,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78035106 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Budker and M. Romalis, “Optical magnetometry,” Nat. Phys. 3, 227–234 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

S. J. Seltzer and M. V. Romalis, “Unshielded three-axis vector operation of a spin-exchange-relaxation-free atomic magnetometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4804–4806 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596–599 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

E. B. Alexandrov and V. A. Bonch-Bruevich, “Optically pumped atomic magnetometers after three decades,” Opt. Eng. 31, 711–717 (1992).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

R. E. Crochiere and L. R. Rabiner, “Interpolation and decimation of digital signals – a tutorial review,” Proc. IEEE 69, 300–331 (1981).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

W. Happer and B. S. Mathur, “Effective operator formalism in optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. 163, 12–25 (1967).
[Crossref]

Afach, S.

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alexandrov, E. B.

E. B. Alexandrov and V. A. Bonch-Bruevich, “Optically pumped atomic magnetometers after three decades,” Opt. Eng. 31, 711–717 (1992).
[Crossref]

Allred, J. C.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596–599 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ayres, N. J.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baker, C.

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Baker, C. A.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ban, G.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bison, G.

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Castagna, G. Bison, G. di Domenico, A. Hofer, P. Knowles, C. Macchione, H. Saudan, and A. Weis, “A large sample study of spin relaxation and magnetometric sensitivity of paraffin-coated Cs vapor cells,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 763–772 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Weis, G. Bison, and Z. D. Grujić, “Magnetic resonance based atomic magnetometers,” in High Sensitivity Magnetometers. Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation, A. Grosz, M. J. Haji-Sheikh, and S. C. Mukhopadhyay, eds. (Springer, Cham, 2017).
[Crossref]

Bodek, K.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonch-Bruevich, V. A.

E. B. Alexandrov and V. A. Bonch-Bruevich, “Optically pumped atomic magnetometers after three decades,” Opt. Eng. 31, 711–717 (1992).
[Crossref]

Bork, J.

J. Bork, H.-D. Hahlbohm, R. Klein, and A. Schnabel, “The 8-layered magnetically shielded room of the PTB: design and construction,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Biomagnetism, BIOMAG 2000, J. Nenonen, R. J. Ilmoniemi, and T. Katila, eds. (Helsinki University of Technology, 2001), pp. 970–973.

Budker, D.

B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, “All-optical vector atomic magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Budker and M. Romalis, “Optical magnetometry,” Nat. Phys. 3, 227–234 (2007).
[Crossref]

Burghoff, M.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Thiel, A. Schnabel, S. Knappe-Grueneberg, D. Stollfuss, and M. Burghoff, “Demagnetization of magnetically shielded rooms,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78035106 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castagna, N.

N. Castagna and A. Weis, “Measurement of longitudinal and transverse spin relaxation rates using the ground-state Hanle effect,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053421 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Castagna, G. Bison, G. di Domenico, A. Hofer, P. Knowles, C. Macchione, H. Saudan, and A. Weis, “A large sample study of spin relaxation and magnetometric sensitivity of paraffin-coated Cs vapor cells,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 763–772 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chibane, Y.

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chouder, M.

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chowdhuri, Z.

Cohen-Tannoudji, C.

C. Cohen-Tannoudji and A. Kastler, “Optical pumping,” in Progress in Optics, vol. 5E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1966).
[Crossref]

Crochiere, R. E.

R. E. Crochiere and L. R. Rabiner, “Interpolation and decimation of digital signals – a tutorial review,” Proc. IEEE 69, 300–331 (1981).
[Crossref]

di Domenico, G.

N. Castagna, G. Bison, G. di Domenico, A. Hofer, P. Knowles, C. Macchione, H. Saudan, and A. Weis, “A large sample study of spin relaxation and magnetometric sensitivity of paraffin-coated Cs vapor cells,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 763–772 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dolgovskiy, V.

Y. Shi, T. Scholtes, Z. D. Grujić, V. Lebedev, V. Dolgovskiy, and A. Weis, “Quantitative study of optical pumping in the presence of spin-exchange relaxation,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 013419 (2018).
[Crossref]

Geltenbort, P.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Green, K.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Griffith, W. C.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. C. Griffith, S. Knappe, and J. Kitching, “Femtotesla atomic magnetometry in a microfabricated vapor cell,” Opt. Express 18, 27167–27172 (2010).
[Crossref]

Grujic, Z.

Grujic, Z. D.

Y. Shi, T. Scholtes, Z. D. Grujić, V. Lebedev, V. Dolgovskiy, and A. Weis, “Quantitative study of optical pumping in the presence of spin-exchange relaxation,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 013419 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Weis, G. Bison, and Z. D. Grujić, “Magnetic resonance based atomic magnetometers,” in High Sensitivity Magnetometers. Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation, A. Grosz, M. J. Haji-Sheikh, and S. C. Mukhopadhyay, eds. (Springer, Cham, 2017).
[Crossref]

Hahlbohm, H.-D.

J. Bork, H.-D. Hahlbohm, R. Klein, and A. Schnabel, “The 8-layered magnetically shielded room of the PTB: design and construction,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Biomagnetism, BIOMAG 2000, J. Nenonen, R. J. Ilmoniemi, and T. Katila, eds. (Helsinki University of Technology, 2001), pp. 970–973.

Happer, W.

W. Happer and B. S. Mathur, “Effective operator formalism in optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. 163, 12–25 (1967).
[Crossref]

Harris, P.

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Harris, P. G.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hayen, L.

Heckel, B.

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hélaine, V.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hofer, A.

N. Castagna, G. Bison, G. di Domenico, A. Hofer, P. Knowles, C. Macchione, H. Saudan, and A. Weis, “A large sample study of spin relaxation and magnetometric sensitivity of paraffin-coated Cs vapor cells,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 763–772 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hovde, D. C.

B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, “All-optical vector atomic magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iaydjiev, P.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, S.

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, S. N.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kasprzak, M.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kastler, A.

C. Cohen-Tannoudji and A. Kastler, “Optical pumping,” in Progress in Optics, vol. 5E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1966).
[Crossref]

Kermaidic, Y.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kilvington, I.

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kirch, K.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kitching, J.

Klein, R.

J. Bork, H.-D. Hahlbohm, R. Klein, and A. Schnabel, “The 8-layered magnetically shielded room of the PTB: design and construction,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Biomagnetism, BIOMAG 2000, J. Nenonen, R. J. Ilmoniemi, and T. Katila, eds. (Helsinki University of Technology, 2001), pp. 970–973.

Knappe, S.

Knappe-Grueneberg, S.

F. Thiel, A. Schnabel, S. Knappe-Grueneberg, D. Stollfuss, and M. Burghoff, “Demagnetization of magnetically shielded rooms,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78035106 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knowles, P.

Koch, H.-C.

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kominis, I. K.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596–599 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Komposch, S.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kornack, T. W.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596–599 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kozela, A.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krempel, J.

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lamoreaux, S.

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lauss, B.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lebedev, V.

Y. Shi, T. Scholtes, Z. D. Grujić, V. Lebedev, V. Dolgovskiy, and A. Weis, “Quantitative study of optical pumping in the presence of spin-exchange relaxation,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 013419 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lefort, T.

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lemière, Y.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Macchione, C.

N. Castagna, G. Bison, G. di Domenico, A. Hofer, P. Knowles, C. Macchione, H. Saudan, and A. Weis, “A large sample study of spin relaxation and magnetometric sensitivity of paraffin-coated Cs vapor cells,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 763–772 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mathur, B. S.

W. Happer and B. S. Mathur, “Effective operator formalism in optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. 163, 12–25 (1967).
[Crossref]

May, D.

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

May, D. J. R.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mtchedlishvili, A.

Musgrave, M.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Naviliat-Cuncic, O.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Patton, B.

B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, “All-optical vector atomic magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendlebury, J.

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pendlebury, J. M.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Piegsa, F.

Piegsa, F. M.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pignol, G.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Prashanth, P.

Prashanth, P. N.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Quéméner, G.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rabiner, L. R.

R. E. Crochiere and L. R. Rabiner, “Interpolation and decimation of digital signals – a tutorial review,” Proc. IEEE 69, 300–331 (1981).
[Crossref]

Rawlik, M.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rebreyend, D.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Richardson, J.

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Richardson, J. D.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ries, D.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Riley, W. J.

W. J. Riley, Handbook of Frequency Stability Analysis, NIST special publication (U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2008).

Roccia, S.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Romalis, M.

D. Budker and M. Romalis, “Optical magnetometry,” Nat. Phys. 3, 227–234 (2007).
[Crossref]

Romalis, M. V.

S. J. Seltzer and M. V. Romalis, “Unshielded three-axis vector operation of a spin-exchange-relaxation-free atomic magnetometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4804–4806 (2004).
[Crossref]

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596–599 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rozpedzik, D.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saudan, H.

N. Castagna, G. Bison, G. di Domenico, A. Hofer, P. Knowles, C. Macchione, H. Saudan, and A. Weis, “A large sample study of spin relaxation and magnetometric sensitivity of paraffin-coated Cs vapor cells,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 763–772 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schmidt-Wellenburg, P.

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schnabel, A.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Thiel, A. Schnabel, S. Knappe-Grueneberg, D. Stollfuss, and M. Burghoff, “Demagnetization of magnetically shielded rooms,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78035106 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Bork, H.-D. Hahlbohm, R. Klein, and A. Schnabel, “The 8-layered magnetically shielded room of the PTB: design and construction,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Biomagnetism, BIOMAG 2000, J. Nenonen, R. J. Ilmoniemi, and T. Katila, eds. (Helsinki University of Technology, 2001), pp. 970–973.

Scholtes, T.

Y. Shi, T. Scholtes, Z. D. Grujić, V. Lebedev, V. Dolgovskiy, and A. Weis, “Quantitative study of optical pumping in the presence of spin-exchange relaxation,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 013419 (2018).
[Crossref]

Seltzer, S. J.

S. J. Seltzer and M. V. Romalis, “Unshielded three-axis vector operation of a spin-exchange-relaxation-free atomic magnetometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4804–4806 (2004).
[Crossref]

Severijns, N.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Severjins, N.

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, T. Scholtes, Z. D. Grujić, V. Lebedev, V. Dolgovskiy, and A. Weis, “Quantitative study of optical pumping in the presence of spin-exchange relaxation,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 013419 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shiers, D.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Smith, K.

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stollfuss, D.

F. Thiel, A. Schnabel, S. Knappe-Grueneberg, D. Stollfuss, and M. Burghoff, “Demagnetization of magnetically shielded rooms,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78035106 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thiel, F.

F. Thiel, A. Schnabel, S. Knappe-Grueneberg, D. Stollfuss, and M. Burghoff, “Demagnetization of magnetically shielded rooms,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78035106 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thorne, J. A.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

van der Grinten, M.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Weis, A.

Y. Shi, T. Scholtes, Z. D. Grujić, V. Lebedev, V. Dolgovskiy, and A. Weis, “Quantitative study of optical pumping in the presence of spin-exchange relaxation,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 013419 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Castagna and A. Weis, “Measurement of longitudinal and transverse spin relaxation rates using the ground-state Hanle effect,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053421 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Castagna, G. Bison, G. di Domenico, A. Hofer, P. Knowles, C. Macchione, H. Saudan, and A. Weis, “A large sample study of spin relaxation and magnetometric sensitivity of paraffin-coated Cs vapor cells,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 763–772 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Weis, G. Bison, and Z. D. Grujić, “Magnetic resonance based atomic magnetometers,” in High Sensitivity Magnetometers. Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation, A. Grosz, M. J. Haji-Sheikh, and S. C. Mukhopadhyay, eds. (Springer, Cham, 2017).
[Crossref]

Winston, O. J.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wursten, E.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wyszynski, G.

Zejma, J.

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhivun, E.

B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, “All-optical vector atomic magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zsigmond, G.

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Afach, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, Z. Chowdhuri, Z. Grujić, L. Hayen, V. Hélaine, M. Kasprzak, K. Kirch, P. Knowles, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, A. Mtchedlishvili, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. Piegsa, P. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severjins, A. Weis, E. Wursten, G. Wyszynski, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Highly stable atomic vector magnetometer based on free spin precession,” Opt. Express 23, 22108–22115 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

N. Castagna, G. Bison, G. di Domenico, A. Hofer, P. Knowles, C. Macchione, H. Saudan, and A. Weis, “A large sample study of spin relaxation and magnetometric sensitivity of paraffin-coated Cs vapor cells,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 763–772 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. J. Seltzer and M. V. Romalis, “Unshielded three-axis vector operation of a spin-exchange-relaxation-free atomic magnetometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4804–4806 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

D. Budker and M. Romalis, “Optical magnetometry,” Nat. Phys. 3, 227–234 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature 422, 596–599 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

C. Baker, Y. Chibane, M. Chouder, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, P. Harris, B. Heckel, P. Iaydjiev, S. Ivanov, I. Kilvington, S. Lamoreaux, D. May, J. Pendlebury, J. Richardson, D. Shiers, K. Smith, and M. van der Grinten, “Apparatus for measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron using a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. A 736, 184–203 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

E. B. Alexandrov and V. A. Bonch-Bruevich, “Optically pumped atomic magnetometers after three decades,” Opt. Eng. 31, 711–717 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

W. Happer and B. S. Mathur, “Effective operator formalism in optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. 163, 12–25 (1967).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

Y. Shi, T. Scholtes, Z. D. Grujić, V. Lebedev, V. Dolgovskiy, and A. Weis, “Quantitative study of optical pumping in the presence of spin-exchange relaxation,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 013419 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Castagna and A. Weis, “Measurement of longitudinal and transverse spin relaxation rates using the ground-state Hanle effect,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053421 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. D (1)

J. M. Pendlebury, S. Afach, N. J. Ayres, C. A. Baker, G. Ban, G. Bison, K. Bodek, M. Burghoff, P. Geltenbort, K. Green, W. C. Griffith, M. van der Grinten, Z. D. Grujić, P. G. Harris, V. Hélaine, P. Iaydjiev, S. N. Ivanov, M. Kasprzak, Y. Kermaidic, K. Kirch, H.-C. Koch, S. Komposch, A. Kozela, J. Krempel, B. Lauss, T. Lefort, Y. Lemière, D. J. R. May, M. Musgrave, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, F. M. Piegsa, G. Pignol, P. N. Prashanth, G. Quéméner, M. Rawlik, D. Rebreyend, J. D. Richardson, D. Ries, S. Roccia, D. Rozpedzik, A. Schnabel, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg, N. Severijns, D. Shiers, J. A. Thorne, A. Weis, O. J. Winston, E. Wursten, J. Zejma, and G. Zsigmond, “Revised experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron,” Phys. Rev. D 92, 092003 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, “All-optical vector atomic magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. IEEE (1)

R. E. Crochiere and L. R. Rabiner, “Interpolation and decimation of digital signals – a tutorial review,” Proc. IEEE 69, 300–331 (1981).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

F. Thiel, A. Schnabel, S. Knappe-Grueneberg, D. Stollfuss, and M. Burghoff, “Demagnetization of magnetically shielded rooms,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78035106 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (5)

W. J. Riley, Handbook of Frequency Stability Analysis, NIST special publication (U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2008).

J. Bork, H.-D. Hahlbohm, R. Klein, and A. Schnabel, “The 8-layered magnetically shielded room of the PTB: design and construction,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Biomagnetism, BIOMAG 2000, J. Nenonen, R. J. Ilmoniemi, and T. Katila, eds. (Helsinki University of Technology, 2001), pp. 970–973.

A. Weis, G. Bison, and Z. D. Grujić, “Magnetic resonance based atomic magnetometers,” in High Sensitivity Magnetometers. Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation, A. Grosz, M. J. Haji-Sheikh, and S. C. Mukhopadhyay, eds. (Springer, Cham, 2017).
[Crossref]

C. Cohen-Tannoudji and A. Kastler, “Optical pumping,” in Progress in Optics, vol. 5E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1966).
[Crossref]

D. Budker and D. F. J. Kimball, eds., Optical Magnetometry (Cambridge University Press, 2013).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic depiction of the experimental setup. The four optical modules (om) form four circularly polarized laser beams that traverse the Cs cell. Four non-magnetic photodiodes (pd 1..4) measure the transmitted light power. After converting the photo-currents to voltages using transimpedance pre-amplifiers (pa 1..4), the signals are analyzed by stand-alone lock-in amplifiers (lia 1..4, Stanford Research Systems SR830). The modulation output of one lia is used to synchronize the other lia and to generate the modulation field BM. The in-phase output of lia 1..4 is digitized by the data acquisition (DAQ) PC, which also controls a function generator that can produce a ramping field BR. pd1 measures the light power transmitted along the +xz direction while pd2 measures along −xz, pd3 along +yz, and pd4 along −yz.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Measured multi-beam Hanle resonances as dependence of transmitted light power on the ramping magnetic field applied along x-direction: averaged modulated signals (top raw) and corresponding output lock-in amplifier (LI) demodulated output signals (bottom raw).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Differential lock-in output signals from beams in xz-plane - sensitive to Bx component (blue dashed line), in yz-plane - sensitive to By component (yellow dashed line), together with global fit (red solid line) according to Eq. (5). The residual field B0x causes the small offset between the zero crossing and BR = 0
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Time series of the magnetic field measured during the night from December 14 to 15, 2016. The black line shows the evolution of Bx − 62 pT and the blue line of By + 30 pT. The offsets were chosen to fit the two time series in the same graph. Both time series were smoothed using a moving average with a window length of 10 min in order to highlight the long term evolution. For each averaging window a noise density spectrum was computed and the average noise density for a frequency band from 0.5 to 1.2 Hz is displayed as the width of the gray bands. In order to be visible, the noise density was scaled by a factor of 50 pT/(pT/Hz1/2). The time with the best noise density observed during this night is indicated as a scale reference. The analysis shown in Figs. 5 and 6 is based on the indicated periods.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Noise density spectrum ρ(f) of the recorded time-series for Bx (black) and By (blue). Due to the logarithmic scaling of the frequency axis the frequency bins at higher frequencies are very closely spaced. Here several bins were averaged in order to reduce the scatter. The red curve is computed using a segment of the Bx time series that shows particularly low noise (see text). The gray curve shows the original spectrum ρ(Bx) before low-pass filtering.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Allan deviation as a function of integration time τ for the same time series used in Fig. 5. The white noise levels found in the spectra are indicated as a lines with the expected τ−1/2 scaling. At low integration times the ADEV is affected by the low-pass filter used (gray sections of the curves).

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( M ˙ x M ˙ y M ˙ z ) = ( M x M y M z ) × γ ( B x B y B z ) + Γ ( 0 M x 0 M y M 0 M z ) ,
M ± x z M 0 = B z ( B z B x ) + δ B ( δ B ± B y ) B x 2 + B y 2 + B z 2 + δ B 2 , M ± y z M 0 = B z ( B z ± B x ) + δ B ( δ B ± B x ) B x 2 + B y 2 + B z 2 + δ B 2 .
f x z = 2 A M B x ( D 2 B z 2 ) + 2 B y B z δ B D 2 + 3 A M 3 B x ( 8 B z 4 8 B z 2 D + D 2 ) + 4 B y B z δ B ( D 2 B z 2 ) 2 D 4 , f y z = 2 A M B y ( D 2 B z 2 ) 2 B x B z δ B D 2 3 A M 3 B y ( 8 B z 4 8 B z 2 D + D 2 ) 4 B x B z δ B ( D 2 B z 2 ) 2 D 4 .
f x z 2 A M δ B 2 B x , f y z 2 A M δ B 2 B y .
f = { A 1 f x z + A 2 f y z ( x z signal ) A 3 f x z + A 4 f y z ( y z signal ) ,

Metrics