Abstract

We propose a quantitative phase imaging system with exact slightly-off-axis configuration and suitable for objects both smaller and larger than the size of the effective recording region of the image sensors. In this system, the object is illuminated by a convergent spherical beam and a specially designed aperture filter is placed on the spatial frequency plane of the object wave; at the same time, a point source emitting from the edge of the aperture is taken as the reference beam, so that the optimal frequency condition for reconstruction of slightly-off-axis digital holograms can be always guaranteed for both large and small objects as well as different magnification (or the field of view) configurations. At the same time, a 1x2 single-mode optical fiber splitter is used for generating the reference and the illumination beams. Benefited from such fiber-based slightly-off-axis design, the proposed system provides a low-cost way to convert a regular microscope into a slightly-off-axis holographic one for microbiological specimens with a high spatial resolution.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2018 (2)

H. Byeon, T. Go, and S. J. Lee, “Digital stereo-holographic microscopy for studying three-dimensional particle dynamics,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 105, 6–13 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. I. Muravsky, A. B. Kmet, I. V. Stasyshyn, T. I. Voronyak, and Y. V. Bobitski, “Three-step interferometric method with blind phase shifts by use of interframe correlation between interferograms,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 105, 27–34 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (10)

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, C. Zhou, S. Si, X. L. Li, Z. Lei, and Y. J. Li, “Robust wrapping-free phase retrieval method based on weighted least squares method,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 34–40 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhong, H. Bai, M. Shan, Y. Zhang, and L. Guo, “Fast phase retrieval in slightly off-axis holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 9–18 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Merola, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, R. Savoia, M. Mugnano, A. Fontana, G. D’ippolito, A. Sardo, A. Iolascon, A. Gambale, and P. Ferraro, “Tomographic flow cytometry by digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16241 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Aakhte, V. Abbasian, E. A. Akhlaghi, A. R. Moradi, A. Anand, and B. Javidi, “Microsphere-assisted super-resolved Mirau digital holographic microscopy for cell identification,” Appl. Opt. 56(9), D8–D13 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. E. Agbana, H. Gong, A. S. Amoah, V. Bezzubik, M. Verhaegen, and G. Vdovin, “Aliasing, coherence, and resolution in a lensless holographic microscope,” Opt. Lett. 42(12), 2271–2274 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, W. Qu, F. Yang, A. Tian, and A. Asundi, “Absolute measurement of aspheric lens with electrically tunable lens in digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 88, 313–318 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. J. Berg, N. R. Subedi, and P. A. Anderson, “Measuring extinction with digital holography: nonspherical particles and experimental validation,” Opt. Lett. 42(5), 1011–1014 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yokota, T. Koyama, and K. Takeda, “Digital holographic inspection system for the inner surface of a straight pipe,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 62–70 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (7)

Y. H. Gao and P. Sun, “Three-dimensional phase evaluation in ESPI by using a non-cube beam-splitter,” Exp. Mech. 56(3), 507–511 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. Bianco, P. Memmolo, M. Paturzo, A. Finizio, B. Javidi, and P. Ferraro, “Quasi noise-free digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(9), e16142 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Yan, H. Yan, Y. Yu, W. Zhou, and A. Asundi, “The suppression of phase error by applying window functions to digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 206–215 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Perraut, M. Doménès, H. Grateau, and Q. Josso, “Achieving magnification smaller than 1 in lensless microscopy by illumination with a convergent wavefront,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5326–5328 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. D. Yang, H. J. Kim, K. J. Lee, B. M. Kim, and Y. Choi, “Single-shot and phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy using a 2-D grating,” Opt. Express 24(9), 9480–9488 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Shan, M. E. Kandel, H. Majeed, V. Nastasa, and G. Popescu, “White-light diffraction phase microscopy at doubled space-bandwidth product,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29033–29039 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

C. C. Chang, M. T. Shiu, J. C. Wang, C. H. Wu, and Y. K. Chew, “Disturbance-free digital holographic microscopy via a micro-phase-step approach,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 68, 166–171 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Zhao, X. Li, and P. Sun, “An improved windowed Fourier transform filter algorithm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 74, 103–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, G. D. Caprio, G. Coppola, P. A. Netti, and P. Ferraro, “Recent advances in holographic 3D particle tracking,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(4), 713–755 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. C. Sobieranski, F. Inci, H. C. Tekin, M. Yuksekkaya, E. Comunello, D. Cobra, A. von Wangenheim, and U. Demirci, “Portable lensless wide-field microscopy imaging platform based on digital inline holography and multi-frame pixel super-resolution,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(10), e346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (9)

E. Stoykova, H. Kang, and J. Park, “Twin-image problem in digital holography-a survey,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(6), 060013 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. S. Guo, X. J. Zhang, and B. Sha, “Non-iterative blind phase-shifting algorithm for two-step phase-shifting interferometry based on an analytical formula,” Opt. Commun. 315, 275–279 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. S. Guo, B. Sha, Y. Y. Xie, and X. J. Zhang, “Zero difference algorithm for phase shift extraction in blind phase-shifting holography,” Opt. Lett. 39(4), 813–816 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Osten, A. Faridian, P. Gao, K. Körner, D. Naik, G. Pedrini, A. K. Singh, M. Takeda, and M. Wilke, “Recent advances in digital holography [invited],” Appl. Opt. 53(27), G44–G63 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Sánchez, M. H. De la Torre Ibarra, F. Mendoza Santoyo, T. Saucedo-A, and D. R. Reyes, “Simultaneous 3D digital holographic interferometry for strain measurements validated with FEM,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 52, 178–183 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Anand and B. Javidi, “Digital holographic microscopy for automated 3D cell identification: an overview,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(6), 060012 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Sánchez-Ortiga, A. Doblas, G. Saavedra, M. Martínez-Corral, and J. Garcia-Sucerquia, “Off-axis digital holographic microscopy: practical design parameters for operating at diffraction limit,” Appl. Opt. 53(10), 2058–2066 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Guo, B. Y. Wang, B. Sha, Y. J. Lu, and M. Y. Xu, “Phase derivative method for reconstruction of slightly off-axis digital holograms,” Opt. Express 22(25), 30553–30558 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Guo, B. Yao, J. Min, M. Zhou, X. Yu, M. Lei, S. Yan, Y. Yang, and D. Dan, “LED-based digital holographic microscopy with slightly off-axis interferometry,” J. Opt. 16(12), 125408 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

C. S. Guo, L. Zhang, Z. Y. Rong, and H. T. Wang, “Effect of the fill factor of CCD pixels on digital holograms,” Opt. Eng. 42(9), 2768–2771 (2003).
[Crossref]

Aakhte, M.

Abbasian, V.

Agbana, T. E.

Akhlaghi, E. A.

Amoah, A. S.

Anand, A.

Anderson, P. A.

Arfire, C.

Asundi, A.

Z. Wang, W. Qu, F. Yang, A. Tian, and A. Asundi, “Absolute measurement of aspheric lens with electrically tunable lens in digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 88, 313–318 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Yan, H. Yan, Y. Yu, W. Zhou, and A. Asundi, “The suppression of phase error by applying window functions to digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 206–215 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bai, H.

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhong, H. Bai, M. Shan, Y. Zhang, and L. Guo, “Fast phase retrieval in slightly off-axis holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 9–18 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Berg, B.

A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berg, M. J.

Bergoënd, I.

Bezzubik, V.

Bianco, V.

V. Bianco, P. Memmolo, M. Paturzo, A. Finizio, B. Javidi, and P. Ferraro, “Quasi noise-free digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(9), e16142 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bobitski, Y. V.

L. I. Muravsky, A. B. Kmet, I. V. Stasyshyn, T. I. Voronyak, and Y. V. Bobitski, “Three-step interferometric method with blind phase shifts by use of interframe correlation between interferograms,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 105, 27–34 (2018).
[Crossref]

Byeon, H.

H. Byeon, T. Go, and S. J. Lee, “Digital stereo-holographic microscopy for studying three-dimensional particle dynamics,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 105, 6–13 (2018).
[Crossref]

Caprio, G. D.

P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, G. D. Caprio, G. Coppola, P. A. Netti, and P. Ferraro, “Recent advances in holographic 3D particle tracking,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(4), 713–755 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chan, R. Y. L.

A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, C. C.

C. C. Chang, M. T. Shiu, J. C. Wang, C. H. Wu, and Y. K. Chew, “Disturbance-free digital holographic microscopy via a micro-phase-step approach,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 68, 166–171 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chew, Y. K.

C. C. Chang, M. T. Shiu, J. C. Wang, C. H. Wu, and Y. K. Chew, “Disturbance-free digital holographic microscopy via a micro-phase-step approach,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 68, 166–171 (2015).
[Crossref]

Choi, Y.

Cobra, D.

A. C. Sobieranski, F. Inci, H. C. Tekin, M. Yuksekkaya, E. Comunello, D. Cobra, A. von Wangenheim, and U. Demirci, “Portable lensless wide-field microscopy imaging platform based on digital inline holography and multi-frame pixel super-resolution,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(10), e346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Comunello, E.

A. C. Sobieranski, F. Inci, H. C. Tekin, M. Yuksekkaya, E. Comunello, D. Cobra, A. von Wangenheim, and U. Demirci, “Portable lensless wide-field microscopy imaging platform based on digital inline holography and multi-frame pixel super-resolution,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(10), e346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coppola, G.

P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, G. D. Caprio, G. Coppola, P. A. Netti, and P. Ferraro, “Recent advances in holographic 3D particle tracking,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(4), 713–755 (2015).
[Crossref]

D’ippolito, G.

F. Merola, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, R. Savoia, M. Mugnano, A. Fontana, G. D’ippolito, A. Sardo, A. Iolascon, A. Gambale, and P. Ferraro, “Tomographic flow cytometry by digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16241 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dan, D.

R. Guo, B. Yao, J. Min, M. Zhou, X. Yu, M. Lei, S. Yan, Y. Yang, and D. Dan, “LED-based digital holographic microscopy with slightly off-axis interferometry,” J. Opt. 16(12), 125408 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Min, B. Yao, P. Gao, R. Guo, B. Ma, J. Zheng, M. Lei, S. Yan, D. Dan, T. Duan, Y. Yang, and T. Ye, “Dual-wavelength slightly off-axis digital holographic microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 191–196 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De la Torre Ibarra, M. H.

A. A. Sánchez, M. H. De la Torre Ibarra, F. Mendoza Santoyo, T. Saucedo-A, and D. R. Reyes, “Simultaneous 3D digital holographic interferometry for strain measurements validated with FEM,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 52, 178–183 (2014).
[Crossref]

Demirci, U.

A. C. Sobieranski, F. Inci, H. C. Tekin, M. Yuksekkaya, E. Comunello, D. Cobra, A. von Wangenheim, and U. Demirci, “Portable lensless wide-field microscopy imaging platform based on digital inline holography and multi-frame pixel super-resolution,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(10), e346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, J.

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Doblas, A.

Doménès, M.

Duan, T.

Fan, J.

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A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
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Ferraro, P.

F. Merola, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, R. Savoia, M. Mugnano, A. Fontana, G. D’ippolito, A. Sardo, A. Iolascon, A. Gambale, and P. Ferraro, “Tomographic flow cytometry by digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16241 (2017).
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V. Bianco, P. Memmolo, M. Paturzo, A. Finizio, B. Javidi, and P. Ferraro, “Quasi noise-free digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(9), e16142 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, G. D. Caprio, G. Coppola, P. A. Netti, and P. Ferraro, “Recent advances in holographic 3D particle tracking,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(4), 713–755 (2015).
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Finizio, A.

V. Bianco, P. Memmolo, M. Paturzo, A. Finizio, B. Javidi, and P. Ferraro, “Quasi noise-free digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(9), e16142 (2016).
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Fontana, A.

F. Merola, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, R. Savoia, M. Mugnano, A. Fontana, G. D’ippolito, A. Sardo, A. Iolascon, A. Gambale, and P. Ferraro, “Tomographic flow cytometry by digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16241 (2017).
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Gambale, A.

F. Merola, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, R. Savoia, M. Mugnano, A. Fontana, G. D’ippolito, A. Sardo, A. Iolascon, A. Gambale, and P. Ferraro, “Tomographic flow cytometry by digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16241 (2017).
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Gao, Y. H.

Y. H. Gao and P. Sun, “Three-dimensional phase evaluation in ESPI by using a non-cube beam-splitter,” Exp. Mech. 56(3), 507–511 (2016).
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Grateau, H.

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A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
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Guo, C. S.

C. S. Guo, X. J. Zhang, and B. Sha, “Non-iterative blind phase-shifting algorithm for two-step phase-shifting interferometry based on an analytical formula,” Opt. Commun. 315, 275–279 (2014).
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C. S. Guo, B. Y. Wang, B. Sha, Y. J. Lu, and M. Y. Xu, “Phase derivative method for reconstruction of slightly off-axis digital holograms,” Opt. Express 22(25), 30553–30558 (2014).
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C. S. Guo, B. Sha, Y. Y. Xie, and X. J. Zhang, “Zero difference algorithm for phase shift extraction in blind phase-shifting holography,” Opt. Lett. 39(4), 813–816 (2014).
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C. S. Guo, L. Zhang, Z. Y. Rong, and H. T. Wang, “Effect of the fill factor of CCD pixels on digital holograms,” Opt. Eng. 42(9), 2768–2771 (2003).
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Guo, L.

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhong, H. Bai, M. Shan, Y. Zhang, and L. Guo, “Fast phase retrieval in slightly off-axis holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 9–18 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guo, R.

R. Guo, B. Yao, J. Min, M. Zhou, X. Yu, M. Lei, S. Yan, Y. Yang, and D. Dan, “LED-based digital holographic microscopy with slightly off-axis interferometry,” J. Opt. 16(12), 125408 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Min, B. Yao, P. Gao, R. Guo, B. Ma, J. Zheng, M. Lei, S. Yan, D. Dan, T. Duan, Y. Yang, and T. Ye, “Dual-wavelength slightly off-axis digital holographic microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 191–196 (2012).
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Guziak, A.

A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
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Han, J.

Huang, M.

Inci, F.

A. C. Sobieranski, F. Inci, H. C. Tekin, M. Yuksekkaya, E. Comunello, D. Cobra, A. von Wangenheim, and U. Demirci, “Portable lensless wide-field microscopy imaging platform based on digital inline holography and multi-frame pixel super-resolution,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(10), e346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iolascon, A.

F. Merola, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, R. Savoia, M. Mugnano, A. Fontana, G. D’ippolito, A. Sardo, A. Iolascon, A. Gambale, and P. Ferraro, “Tomographic flow cytometry by digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16241 (2017).
[Crossref]

Javidi, B.

Josso, Q.

Kandel, M. E.

Kang, H.

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Kim, H. J.

Kim, M.

Kmet, A. B.

L. I. Muravsky, A. B. Kmet, I. V. Stasyshyn, T. I. Voronyak, and Y. V. Bobitski, “Three-step interferometric method with blind phase shifts by use of interframe correlation between interferograms,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 105, 27–34 (2018).
[Crossref]

Körner, K.

Koyama, T.

M. Yokota, T. Koyama, and K. Takeda, “Digital holographic inspection system for the inner surface of a straight pipe,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 62–70 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kühn, J.

Lai, J.

Lee, K. J.

Lee, S. J.

H. Byeon, T. Go, and S. J. Lee, “Digital stereo-holographic microscopy for studying three-dimensional particle dynamics,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 105, 6–13 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lei, M.

R. Guo, B. Yao, J. Min, M. Zhou, X. Yu, M. Lei, S. Yan, Y. Yang, and D. Dan, “LED-based digital holographic microscopy with slightly off-axis interferometry,” J. Opt. 16(12), 125408 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Min, B. Yao, P. Gao, R. Guo, B. Ma, J. Zheng, M. Lei, S. Yan, D. Dan, T. Duan, Y. Yang, and T. Ye, “Dual-wavelength slightly off-axis digital holographic microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 191–196 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, Z.

M. Wang, C. Zhou, S. Si, X. L. Li, Z. Lei, and Y. J. Li, “Robust wrapping-free phase retrieval method based on weighted least squares method,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 34–40 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

R. Zhao, X. Li, and P. Sun, “An improved windowed Fourier transform filter algorithm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 74, 103–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, X. L.

M. Wang, C. Zhou, S. Si, X. L. Li, Z. Lei, and Y. J. Li, “Robust wrapping-free phase retrieval method based on weighted least squares method,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 34–40 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. J.

M. Wang, C. Zhou, S. Si, X. L. Li, Z. Lei, and Y. J. Li, “Robust wrapping-free phase retrieval method based on weighted least squares method,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 34–40 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Liu, L.

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lo, C. M.

Lu, X.

Lu, Y. J.

Luo, W.

A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luong, M.

A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, B.

Majeed, H.

Mann, C.

Martínez-Corral, M.

Memmolo, P.

F. Merola, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, R. Savoia, M. Mugnano, A. Fontana, G. D’ippolito, A. Sardo, A. Iolascon, A. Gambale, and P. Ferraro, “Tomographic flow cytometry by digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16241 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Bianco, P. Memmolo, M. Paturzo, A. Finizio, B. Javidi, and P. Ferraro, “Quasi noise-free digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(9), e16142 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, G. D. Caprio, G. Coppola, P. A. Netti, and P. Ferraro, “Recent advances in holographic 3D particle tracking,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(4), 713–755 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mendoza Santoyo, F.

A. A. Sánchez, M. H. De la Torre Ibarra, F. Mendoza Santoyo, T. Saucedo-A, and D. R. Reyes, “Simultaneous 3D digital holographic interferometry for strain measurements validated with FEM,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 52, 178–183 (2014).
[Crossref]

Merola, F.

F. Merola, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, R. Savoia, M. Mugnano, A. Fontana, G. D’ippolito, A. Sardo, A. Iolascon, A. Gambale, and P. Ferraro, “Tomographic flow cytometry by digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16241 (2017).
[Crossref]

Miccio, L.

F. Merola, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, R. Savoia, M. Mugnano, A. Fontana, G. D’ippolito, A. Sardo, A. Iolascon, A. Gambale, and P. Ferraro, “Tomographic flow cytometry by digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16241 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, G. D. Caprio, G. Coppola, P. A. Netti, and P. Ferraro, “Recent advances in holographic 3D particle tracking,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(4), 713–755 (2015).
[Crossref]

Min, J.

R. Guo, B. Yao, J. Min, M. Zhou, X. Yu, M. Lei, S. Yan, Y. Yang, and D. Dan, “LED-based digital holographic microscopy with slightly off-axis interferometry,” J. Opt. 16(12), 125408 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Min, B. Yao, P. Gao, R. Guo, B. Ma, J. Zheng, M. Lei, S. Yan, D. Dan, T. Duan, Y. Yang, and T. Ye, “Dual-wavelength slightly off-axis digital holographic microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 191–196 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moradi, A. R.

Mugnano, M.

F. Merola, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, R. Savoia, M. Mugnano, A. Fontana, G. D’ippolito, A. Sardo, A. Iolascon, A. Gambale, and P. Ferraro, “Tomographic flow cytometry by digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16241 (2017).
[Crossref]

Muravsky, L. I.

L. I. Muravsky, A. B. Kmet, I. V. Stasyshyn, T. I. Voronyak, and Y. V. Bobitski, “Three-step interferometric method with blind phase shifts by use of interframe correlation between interferograms,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 105, 27–34 (2018).
[Crossref]

Naik, D.

Nastasa, V.

Netti, P. A.

P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, G. D. Caprio, G. Coppola, P. A. Netti, and P. Ferraro, “Recent advances in holographic 3D particle tracking,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(4), 713–755 (2015).
[Crossref]

Osten, W.

Ozcan, A.

A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozkan, H.

A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J.

Paturzo, M.

V. Bianco, P. Memmolo, M. Paturzo, A. Finizio, B. Javidi, and P. Ferraro, “Quasi noise-free digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(9), e16142 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, G. D. Caprio, G. Coppola, P. A. Netti, and P. Ferraro, “Recent advances in holographic 3D particle tracking,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(4), 713–755 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pavillon, N.

Pedrini, G.

Perraut, F.

Popescu, G.

Qu, W.

Z. Wang, W. Qu, F. Yang, A. Tian, and A. Asundi, “Absolute measurement of aspheric lens with electrically tunable lens in digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 88, 313–318 (2017).
[Crossref]

Reyes, D. R.

A. A. Sánchez, M. H. De la Torre Ibarra, F. Mendoza Santoyo, T. Saucedo-A, and D. R. Reyes, “Simultaneous 3D digital holographic interferometry for strain measurements validated with FEM,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 52, 178–183 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rinehart, M. T.

Rong, Z. Y.

C. S. Guo, L. Zhang, Z. Y. Rong, and H. T. Wang, “Effect of the fill factor of CCD pixels on digital holograms,” Opt. Eng. 42(9), 2768–2771 (2003).
[Crossref]

Saavedra, G.

Sánchez, A. A.

A. A. Sánchez, M. H. De la Torre Ibarra, F. Mendoza Santoyo, T. Saucedo-A, and D. R. Reyes, “Simultaneous 3D digital holographic interferometry for strain measurements validated with FEM,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 52, 178–183 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sánchez-Ortiga, E.

Sardo, A.

F. Merola, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, R. Savoia, M. Mugnano, A. Fontana, G. D’ippolito, A. Sardo, A. Iolascon, A. Gambale, and P. Ferraro, “Tomographic flow cytometry by digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16241 (2017).
[Crossref]

Saucedo-A, T.

A. A. Sánchez, M. H. De la Torre Ibarra, F. Mendoza Santoyo, T. Saucedo-A, and D. R. Reyes, “Simultaneous 3D digital holographic interferometry for strain measurements validated with FEM,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 52, 178–183 (2014).
[Crossref]

Savoia, R.

F. Merola, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, R. Savoia, M. Mugnano, A. Fontana, G. D’ippolito, A. Sardo, A. Iolascon, A. Gambale, and P. Ferraro, “Tomographic flow cytometry by digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16241 (2017).
[Crossref]

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Sha, B.

Shaked, N. T.

Shan, M.

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhong, H. Bai, M. Shan, Y. Zhang, and L. Guo, “Fast phase retrieval in slightly off-axis holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 9–18 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Shan, M. E. Kandel, H. Majeed, V. Nastasa, and G. Popescu, “White-light diffraction phase microscopy at doubled space-bandwidth product,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29033–29039 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shiu, M. T.

C. C. Chang, M. T. Shiu, J. C. Wang, C. H. Wu, and Y. K. Chew, “Disturbance-free digital holographic microscopy via a micro-phase-step approach,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 68, 166–171 (2015).
[Crossref]

Si, S.

M. Wang, C. Zhou, S. Si, X. L. Li, Z. Lei, and Y. J. Li, “Robust wrapping-free phase retrieval method based on weighted least squares method,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 34–40 (2017).
[Crossref]

Singh, A. K.

Sobieranski, A. C.

A. C. Sobieranski, F. Inci, H. C. Tekin, M. Yuksekkaya, E. Comunello, D. Cobra, A. von Wangenheim, and U. Demirci, “Portable lensless wide-field microscopy imaging platform based on digital inline holography and multi-frame pixel super-resolution,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(10), e346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stasyshyn, I. V.

L. I. Muravsky, A. B. Kmet, I. V. Stasyshyn, T. I. Voronyak, and Y. V. Bobitski, “Three-step interferometric method with blind phase shifts by use of interframe correlation between interferograms,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 105, 27–34 (2018).
[Crossref]

Stoykova, E.

Subedi, N. R.

Sun, P.

Y. H. Gao and P. Sun, “Three-dimensional phase evaluation in ESPI by using a non-cube beam-splitter,” Exp. Mech. 56(3), 507–511 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Zhao, X. Li, and P. Sun, “An improved windowed Fourier transform filter algorithm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 74, 103–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Takeda, K.

M. Yokota, T. Koyama, and K. Takeda, “Digital holographic inspection system for the inner surface of a straight pipe,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 62–70 (2017).
[Crossref]

Takeda, M.

Tekin, H. C.

A. C. Sobieranski, F. Inci, H. C. Tekin, M. Yuksekkaya, E. Comunello, D. Cobra, A. von Wangenheim, and U. Demirci, “Portable lensless wide-field microscopy imaging platform based on digital inline holography and multi-frame pixel super-resolution,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(10), e346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, A.

Z. Wang, W. Qu, F. Yang, A. Tian, and A. Asundi, “Absolute measurement of aspheric lens with electrically tunable lens in digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 88, 313–318 (2017).
[Crossref]

Unser, M.

Vdovin, G.

Verhaegen, M.

von Wangenheim, A.

A. C. Sobieranski, F. Inci, H. C. Tekin, M. Yuksekkaya, E. Comunello, D. Cobra, A. von Wangenheim, and U. Demirci, “Portable lensless wide-field microscopy imaging platform based on digital inline holography and multi-frame pixel super-resolution,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(10), e346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voronyak, T. I.

L. I. Muravsky, A. B. Kmet, I. V. Stasyshyn, T. I. Voronyak, and Y. V. Bobitski, “Three-step interferometric method with blind phase shifts by use of interframe correlation between interferograms,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 105, 27–34 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, B. Y.

Wang, H.

Wang, H. T.

C. S. Guo, L. Zhang, Z. Y. Rong, and H. T. Wang, “Effect of the fill factor of CCD pixels on digital holograms,” Opt. Eng. 42(9), 2768–2771 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. C.

C. C. Chang, M. T. Shiu, J. C. Wang, C. H. Wu, and Y. K. Chew, “Disturbance-free digital holographic microscopy via a micro-phase-step approach,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 68, 166–171 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

M. Wang, C. Zhou, S. Si, X. L. Li, Z. Lei, and Y. J. Li, “Robust wrapping-free phase retrieval method based on weighted least squares method,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 34–40 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, W. Qu, F. Yang, A. Tian, and A. Asundi, “Absolute measurement of aspheric lens with electrically tunable lens in digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 88, 313–318 (2017).
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Wax, A.

Wilke, M.

Wu, C. H.

C. C. Chang, M. T. Shiu, J. C. Wang, C. H. Wu, and Y. K. Chew, “Disturbance-free digital holographic microscopy via a micro-phase-step approach,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 68, 166–171 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, M.

A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
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Xu, M. Y.

Xue, L.

Yan, F.

F. Yan, H. Yan, Y. Yu, W. Zhou, and A. Asundi, “The suppression of phase error by applying window functions to digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 206–215 (2016).
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Yan, H.

F. Yan, H. Yan, Y. Yu, W. Zhou, and A. Asundi, “The suppression of phase error by applying window functions to digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 206–215 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yan, S.

R. Guo, B. Yao, J. Min, M. Zhou, X. Yu, M. Lei, S. Yan, Y. Yang, and D. Dan, “LED-based digital holographic microscopy with slightly off-axis interferometry,” J. Opt. 16(12), 125408 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Min, B. Yao, P. Gao, R. Guo, B. Ma, J. Zheng, M. Lei, S. Yan, D. Dan, T. Duan, Y. Yang, and T. Ye, “Dual-wavelength slightly off-axis digital holographic microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 191–196 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, F.

Z. Wang, W. Qu, F. Yang, A. Tian, and A. Asundi, “Absolute measurement of aspheric lens with electrically tunable lens in digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 88, 313–318 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, T. D.

Yang, Y.

R. Guo, B. Yao, J. Min, M. Zhou, X. Yu, M. Lei, S. Yan, Y. Yang, and D. Dan, “LED-based digital holographic microscopy with slightly off-axis interferometry,” J. Opt. 16(12), 125408 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Min, B. Yao, P. Gao, R. Guo, B. Ma, J. Zheng, M. Lei, S. Yan, D. Dan, T. Duan, Y. Yang, and T. Ye, “Dual-wavelength slightly off-axis digital holographic microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 191–196 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, B.

Ye, T.

Yokota, M.

M. Yokota, T. Koyama, and K. Takeda, “Digital holographic inspection system for the inner surface of a straight pipe,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 62–70 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, L.

Yu, X.

R. Guo, B. Yao, J. Min, M. Zhou, X. Yu, M. Lei, S. Yan, Y. Yang, and D. Dan, “LED-based digital holographic microscopy with slightly off-axis interferometry,” J. Opt. 16(12), 125408 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

F. Yan, H. Yan, Y. Yu, W. Zhou, and A. Asundi, “The suppression of phase error by applying window functions to digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 206–215 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yuksekkaya, M.

A. C. Sobieranski, F. Inci, H. C. Tekin, M. Yuksekkaya, E. Comunello, D. Cobra, A. von Wangenheim, and U. Demirci, “Portable lensless wide-field microscopy imaging platform based on digital inline holography and multi-frame pixel super-resolution,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(10), e346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, D.

Zhang, L.

C. S. Guo, L. Zhang, Z. Y. Rong, and H. T. Wang, “Effect of the fill factor of CCD pixels on digital holograms,” Opt. Eng. 42(9), 2768–2771 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. J.

C. S. Guo, X. J. Zhang, and B. Sha, “Non-iterative blind phase-shifting algorithm for two-step phase-shifting interferometry based on an analytical formula,” Opt. Commun. 315, 275–279 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. S. Guo, B. Sha, Y. Y. Xie, and X. J. Zhang, “Zero difference algorithm for phase shift extraction in blind phase-shifting holography,” Opt. Lett. 39(4), 813–816 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhong, H. Bai, M. Shan, Y. Zhang, and L. Guo, “Fast phase retrieval in slightly off-axis holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 9–18 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, R.

R. Zhao, X. Li, and P. Sun, “An improved windowed Fourier transform filter algorithm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 74, 103–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

Zhong, L.

Zhong, Z.

Z. Zhong, H. Bai, M. Shan, Y. Zhang, and L. Guo, “Fast phase retrieval in slightly off-axis holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 9–18 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, C.

M. Wang, C. Zhou, S. Si, X. L. Li, Z. Lei, and Y. J. Li, “Robust wrapping-free phase retrieval method based on weighted least squares method,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 34–40 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, M.

R. Guo, B. Yao, J. Min, M. Zhou, X. Yu, M. Lei, S. Yan, Y. Yang, and D. Dan, “LED-based digital holographic microscopy with slightly off-axis interferometry,” J. Opt. 16(12), 125408 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, W.

F. Yan, H. Yan, Y. Yu, W. Zhou, and A. Asundi, “The suppression of phase error by applying window functions to digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 206–215 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, G. D. Caprio, G. Coppola, P. A. Netti, and P. Ferraro, “Recent advances in holographic 3D particle tracking,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(4), 713–755 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (6)

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

Exp. Mech. (1)

Y. H. Gao and P. Sun, “Three-dimensional phase evaluation in ESPI by using a non-cube beam-splitter,” Exp. Mech. 56(3), 507–511 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

R. Guo, B. Yao, J. Min, M. Zhou, X. Yu, M. Lei, S. Yan, Y. Yang, and D. Dan, “LED-based digital holographic microscopy with slightly off-axis interferometry,” J. Opt. 16(12), 125408 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lab Chip (1)

A. Feizi, Y. Zhang, A. Greenbaum, A. Guziak, M. Luong, R. Y. L. Chan, B. Berg, H. Ozkan, W. Luo, M. Wu, Y. Wu, and A. Ozcan, “Rapid, portable and cost-effective yeast cell viability and concentration analysis using lensfree on-chip microscopy and machine learning,” Lab Chip 16(22), 4350–4358 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Light Sci. Appl. (3)

F. Merola, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, R. Savoia, M. Mugnano, A. Fontana, G. D’ippolito, A. Sardo, A. Iolascon, A. Gambale, and P. Ferraro, “Tomographic flow cytometry by digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16241 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Bianco, P. Memmolo, M. Paturzo, A. Finizio, B. Javidi, and P. Ferraro, “Quasi noise-free digital holography,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(9), e16142 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. C. Sobieranski, F. Inci, H. C. Tekin, M. Yuksekkaya, E. Comunello, D. Cobra, A. von Wangenheim, and U. Demirci, “Portable lensless wide-field microscopy imaging platform based on digital inline holography and multi-frame pixel super-resolution,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(10), e346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. S. Guo, X. J. Zhang, and B. Sha, “Non-iterative blind phase-shifting algorithm for two-step phase-shifting interferometry based on an analytical formula,” Opt. Commun. 315, 275–279 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

C. S. Guo, L. Zhang, Z. Y. Rong, and H. T. Wang, “Effect of the fill factor of CCD pixels on digital holograms,” Opt. Eng. 42(9), 2768–2771 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

R. Zhao, X. Li, and P. Sun, “An improved windowed Fourier transform filter algorithm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 74, 103–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lasers Eng. (11)

C. C. Chang, M. T. Shiu, J. C. Wang, C. H. Wu, and Y. K. Chew, “Disturbance-free digital holographic microscopy via a micro-phase-step approach,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 68, 166–171 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. I. Muravsky, A. B. Kmet, I. V. Stasyshyn, T. I. Voronyak, and Y. V. Bobitski, “Three-step interferometric method with blind phase shifts by use of interframe correlation between interferograms,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 105, 27–34 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, C. Zhou, S. Si, X. L. Li, Z. Lei, and Y. J. Li, “Robust wrapping-free phase retrieval method based on weighted least squares method,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 34–40 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Bai, Z. Zhong, M. Shan, L. Liu, L. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Interferometric phase microscopy using slightly-off-axis reflective point diffraction interferometer,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 90, 155–160 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhong, H. Bai, M. Shan, Y. Zhang, and L. Guo, “Fast phase retrieval in slightly off-axis holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 9–18 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Yan, H. Yan, Y. Yu, W. Zhou, and A. Asundi, “The suppression of phase error by applying window functions to digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 206–215 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. A. Sánchez, M. H. De la Torre Ibarra, F. Mendoza Santoyo, T. Saucedo-A, and D. R. Reyes, “Simultaneous 3D digital holographic interferometry for strain measurements validated with FEM,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 52, 178–183 (2014).
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Z. Wang, W. Qu, F. Yang, A. Tian, and A. Asundi, “Absolute measurement of aspheric lens with electrically tunable lens in digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 88, 313–318 (2017).
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H. Byeon, T. Go, and S. J. Lee, “Digital stereo-holographic microscopy for studying three-dimensional particle dynamics,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 105, 6–13 (2018).
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M. Yokota, T. Koyama, and K. Takeda, “Digital holographic inspection system for the inner surface of a straight pipe,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 97, 62–70 (2017).
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Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (1)

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1996).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the proposed SODH system suitable for objects both larger and smaller than the size of the image sensors.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Coordinate geometry of our SODH system.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Sketch map of the spatial spectrum of the hologram given by Eq. (5).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Photo of the experimental setup.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Example of the holograms recorded in the experiments; (b) spatial spectrum of the hologram obtained via a 2D fast FT; (c) spatial spectrum after subtracting the intensity of the object wave from the hologram.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Amplitude and phase distributions of reconstructed images for a USAF target with different recording parameters: (a) and (b) correspond to z1 = 65 mm and z2 = 84 mm, and (c) and (d) to z1 = 210 mm and z2 = 84 mm. The red scale bar marked in (a) and (c) are 0.56 mm and 2.0 mm, respectively.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Amplitude and phase images for biological samples with different size: (a) and (b) are the results for a small part of a fly wing, while (c) and (d) are the images for a large wing of a dragonfly. The scale bars marked in (a) and (c) are 0.6 mm and 3.7 mm, respectively.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Schematic for converting a regular microscope into a slightly-off-axis holographic one based on the principle of the proposed method.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Phase imaging of microbiological specimens. (a) and (b) are the reconstructed phase images of mouse monocytes cells and ascaris eggs, respectively. Scale bar: 10 um.

Equations (7)

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R( x 3 , y 3 )= A r exp{ iπ λ z 2 [ ( x 3 x r ) 2 + y 3 2 ] },
O( x 3 , y 3 )= A i exp[ik( z 1 + z 2 )] z 1 z 2 λ 2 exp[ iπ λ z 2 ( x 3 2 + y 3 2 ) ] t ˜ ( x 2 λ z 1 , y 2 λ z 1 )cyl( x 2 R , y 2 R ) , ×exp[ iπ λ ( 1 z 1 + 1 z 2 )( x 2 2 + y 2 2 ) ]exp[ i2π λ z 2 ( x 2 x 3 + y 2 y 3 ) ]d x 2 d y 2
O( x 3 , y 3 )=MCexp[ iπ λ z 2 ( x 3 2 + y 3 2 ) ] t ˜ (Mξ,Mη)cyl( λ z 2 ξ R , λ z 2 η R ) , ×exp[ iπλM( z 1 + z 2 )( ξ 2 + η 2 ) ]exp[ i2π( x 3 ξ+ y 3 η) ]dξdη =MCexp[ iπ λ z 2 ( x 3 2 + y 3 2 ) ]F{ t ˜ (Mξ,Mη)cyl( λ z 2 ξ R , λ z 2 η R )exp[ iπλM( z 1 + z 2 )( ξ 2 + η 2 ) ] }
M= z 2 z 1 .
I H ( x 3 , y 3 )= | O( x 3 , y 3 )+R( x 3 , y 3 ) | 2 , = | O( x 3 , y 3 ) | 2 + | R( x 3 , y 3 ) | 2 +O( x 3 , y 3 ) R * ( x 3 , y 3 )+ O * ( x 3 , y 3 )R( x 3 , y 3 )
U ˜ 3 (ξ,η)= C t ˜ (Mξ M x r λ z 2 ,Mη)cyl( λ z 2 ξ R x r R , λ z 2 η R )exp[ iπλM( z 1 + z 2 )[ (ξ x r λ z 2 ) 2 + η 2 ] ],
U ˜ 4 (ξ,η)= C t ˜ * (Mξ+ M x r λ z 2 ,Mη)cy l * ( λ z 2 ξ R + x r R , λ z 2 η R )exp[ iπλM( z 1 + z 2 )[ (ξ+ x r λ z 2 ) 2 + η 2 ] ].

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