Abstract

A bidirectional fiber-invisible laser light communication (IVLLC) and fiber-wireless convergence system with two orthogonally polarized optical sidebands for hybrid cable television (CATV)/millimeter-wave (MMW)/baseband (BB) signal transmission is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Two optical sidebands generated by a 60-GHz MMW signal are orthogonally polarized and separated into different polarizations. These orthogonally polarized optical sidebands are delivered over a 40-km single-mode fiber (SMF) transport to effectually reduce the fiber dispersion induced by a 40-km SMF transmission and the distortion caused by the parallel polarized optical sidebands. To the best of our knowledge, this work is the first to adopt two orthogonally polarized optical sidebands in a bidirectional fiber-IVLLC and fiber-wireless convergence system to reduce fiber dispersion and distortion effectually. Good carrier-to-noise ratio, composite second order, composite triple beat, and bit error rate (BER) are achieved for downlink transmission at a 40-km SMF operation and a 100-m free-space optical (FSO) link/3-m RF wireless transmission. For up-link transmission, good BER performance is acquired over a 40-km SMF transport and a 100-m FSO link. The approach presented in this work signifies the advancements in the convergence of SMF-based backbone and optical/RF wireless-based feeder.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2016 (6)

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, C. Y. Lin, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, H. H. Lin, and C. J. Wu, “Fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergences based on MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 7902810 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. T. Shih, M. T. Cheng, C. M. Ho, X. Y. Lin, Z. Y. Yang, and S. J. Huang, “A bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergence system with a dual-polarization modulation scheme and a MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 7200408 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, H. W. Chen, C. M. Ho, M. T. Cheng, S. J. Huang, Z. Y. Yang, and X. Y. Lin, “Bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC integrated system based on polarization-orthogonal modulation scheme,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17250–17258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wu, J. Y. Sung, J. H. Yan, M. Xu, J. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Polarization-insensitive remote access unit for radio-over-fiber mobile fronthaul system by reusing polarization orthogonal light waves,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 7200108 (2016).

F. C. Abrecht, R. Bonjour, S. Welschen, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, M. Burla, and J. Leuthold, “Pre-equalization technique enabling 70 Gbit/s photonic-wireless link at 60 GHz,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30350–30359 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Wang, Y. C. Chi, and G. R. Lin, “Remote beating of parallel or orthogonally polarized dual-wavelength optical carriers for 5G millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber link,” Opt. Express 24(16), 17654–17669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

2013 (1)

2008 (1)

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM-PON,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

V. L. Tuft, S. Bjørnstad, and D. R. Hjelme, “Automatic polarization control for packet transmission in a hybrid circuit and packet-switched optical network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1460–1462 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

W. Lu, Z. Zhang, X. Yu, and M. Li, “Transmitting and receiving lens design in free space optics,” Proc. SPIE 5284, 365–368 (2004).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

M. Lawrence, “Lithium niobate integrated optics,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 56(3), 363–429 (1993).
[Crossref]

Abrecht, F. C.

Baeuerle, B.

Bjørnstad, S.

V. L. Tuft, S. Bjørnstad, and D. R. Hjelme, “Automatic polarization control for packet transmission in a hybrid circuit and packet-switched optical network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1460–1462 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bonjour, R.

Burla, M.

Chang, G. K.

B. Wu, J. Y. Sung, J. H. Yan, M. Xu, J. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Polarization-insensitive remote access unit for radio-over-fiber mobile fronthaul system by reusing polarization orthogonal light waves,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 7200108 (2016).

B. Wu, M. Zhu, M. Xu, J. Wang, M. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Flexible compensation of dispersion-induced power fading for multi-service RoF links based on a phase-coherent orthogonal lightwave generator,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 2103–2106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, H. Y.

Chen, B. R.

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, C. Y. Lin, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, H. H. Lin, and C. J. Wu, “Fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergences based on MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 7902810 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. C. Lu, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, C. Y. Lin, and P. C. Peng, “Hybrid CATV/MMW/BB lightwave transmission system based on fiber-wired/fiber-wireless/fiber-VLLC integrations,” Opt. Express 23(25), 31807–31816 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. W.

Cheng, M. T.

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. T. Shih, M. T. Cheng, C. M. Ho, X. Y. Lin, Z. Y. Yang, and S. J. Huang, “A bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergence system with a dual-polarization modulation scheme and a MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 7200408 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, H. W. Chen, C. M. Ho, M. T. Cheng, S. J. Huang, Z. Y. Yang, and X. Y. Lin, “Bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC integrated system based on polarization-orthogonal modulation scheme,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17250–17258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chi, Y. C.

Chiang, S. C.

Cho, K. Y.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM-PON,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chow, C. W.

Chu, C. A.

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, C. Y. Lin, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, H. H. Lin, and C. J. Wu, “Fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergences based on MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 7902810 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. C. Lu, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, C. Y. Lin, and P. C. Peng, “Hybrid CATV/MMW/BB lightwave transmission system based on fiber-wired/fiber-wireless/fiber-VLLC integrations,” Opt. Express 23(25), 31807–31816 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chung, Y. C.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM-PON,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hillerkuss, D.

Hjelme, D. R.

V. L. Tuft, S. Bjørnstad, and D. R. Hjelme, “Automatic polarization control for packet transmission in a hybrid circuit and packet-switched optical network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1460–1462 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ho, C. M.

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. T. Shih, M. T. Cheng, C. M. Ho, X. Y. Lin, Z. Y. Yang, and S. J. Huang, “A bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergence system with a dual-polarization modulation scheme and a MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 7200408 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, H. W. Chen, C. M. Ho, M. T. Cheng, S. J. Huang, Z. Y. Yang, and X. Y. Lin, “Bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC integrated system based on polarization-orthogonal modulation scheme,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17250–17258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, H. T.

Huang, S. J.

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. T. Shih, M. T. Cheng, C. M. Ho, X. Y. Lin, Z. Y. Yang, and S. J. Huang, “A bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergence system with a dual-polarization modulation scheme and a MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 7200408 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, H. W. Chen, C. M. Ho, M. T. Cheng, S. J. Huang, Z. Y. Yang, and X. Y. Lin, “Bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC integrated system based on polarization-orthogonal modulation scheme,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17250–17258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, S. P.

Jian, S.

B. Wu, J. Y. Sung, J. H. Yan, M. Xu, J. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Polarization-insensitive remote access unit for radio-over-fiber mobile fronthaul system by reusing polarization orthogonal light waves,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 7200108 (2016).

B. Wu, M. Zhu, M. Xu, J. Wang, M. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Flexible compensation of dispersion-induced power fading for multi-service RoF links based on a phase-coherent orthogonal lightwave generator,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 2103–2106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Josten, A.

Lawrence, M.

M. Lawrence, “Lithium niobate integrated optics,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 56(3), 363–429 (1993).
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

Li, C. Y.

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, H. W. Chen, C. M. Ho, M. T. Cheng, S. J. Huang, Z. Y. Yang, and X. Y. Lin, “Bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC integrated system based on polarization-orthogonal modulation scheme,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17250–17258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, C. Y. Lin, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, H. H. Lin, and C. J. Wu, “Fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergences based on MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 7902810 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. T. Shih, M. T. Cheng, C. M. Ho, X. Y. Lin, Z. Y. Yang, and S. J. Huang, “A bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergence system with a dual-polarization modulation scheme and a MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 7200408 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. C. Lu, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, C. Y. Lin, and P. C. Peng, “Hybrid CATV/MMW/BB lightwave transmission system based on fiber-wired/fiber-wireless/fiber-VLLC integrations,” Opt. Express 23(25), 31807–31816 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, M.

W. Lu, Z. Zhang, X. Yu, and M. Li, “Transmitting and receiving lens design in free space optics,” Proc. SPIE 5284, 365–368 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. H.

Lin, C. T.

Lin, C. Y.

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, C. Y. Lin, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, H. H. Lin, and C. J. Wu, “Fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergences based on MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 7902810 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. C. Lu, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, C. Y. Lin, and P. C. Peng, “Hybrid CATV/MMW/BB lightwave transmission system based on fiber-wired/fiber-wireless/fiber-VLLC integrations,” Opt. Express 23(25), 31807–31816 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, G. R.

Lin, H. H.

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, C. Y. Lin, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, H. H. Lin, and C. J. Wu, “Fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergences based on MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 7902810 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, X. Y.

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. T. Shih, M. T. Cheng, C. M. Ho, X. Y. Lin, Z. Y. Yang, and S. J. Huang, “A bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergence system with a dual-polarization modulation scheme and a MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 7200408 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, H. W. Chen, C. M. Ho, M. T. Cheng, S. J. Huang, Z. Y. Yang, and X. Y. Lin, “Bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC integrated system based on polarization-orthogonal modulation scheme,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17250–17258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y. L.

Lu, H. H.

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, H. W. Chen, C. M. Ho, M. T. Cheng, S. J. Huang, Z. Y. Yang, and X. Y. Lin, “Bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC integrated system based on polarization-orthogonal modulation scheme,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17250–17258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. T. Shih, M. T. Cheng, C. M. Ho, X. Y. Lin, Z. Y. Yang, and S. J. Huang, “A bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergence system with a dual-polarization modulation scheme and a MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 7200408 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, C. Y. Lin, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, H. H. Lin, and C. J. Wu, “Fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergences based on MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 7902810 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. C. Lu, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, C. Y. Lin, and P. C. Peng, “Hybrid CATV/MMW/BB lightwave transmission system based on fiber-wired/fiber-wireless/fiber-VLLC integrations,” Opt. Express 23(25), 31807–31816 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, T. C.

Lu, W.

W. Lu, Z. Zhang, X. Yu, and M. Li, “Transmitting and receiving lens design in free space optics,” Proc. SPIE 5284, 365–368 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pan, C. L.

Peng, P. C.

Shih, T. T.

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. T. Shih, M. T. Cheng, C. M. Ho, X. Y. Lin, Z. Y. Yang, and S. J. Huang, “A bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergence system with a dual-polarization modulation scheme and a MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 7200408 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sung, J. Y.

B. Wu, J. Y. Sung, J. H. Yan, M. Xu, J. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Polarization-insensitive remote access unit for radio-over-fiber mobile fronthaul system by reusing polarization orthogonal light waves,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 7200108 (2016).

Takushima, Y.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM-PON,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tuft, V. L.

V. L. Tuft, S. Bjørnstad, and D. R. Hjelme, “Automatic polarization control for packet transmission in a hybrid circuit and packet-switched optical network,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1460–1462 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, H. Y.

Wang, J.

B. Wu, J. Y. Sung, J. H. Yan, M. Xu, J. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Polarization-insensitive remote access unit for radio-over-fiber mobile fronthaul system by reusing polarization orthogonal light waves,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 7200108 (2016).

B. Wu, M. Zhu, M. Xu, J. Wang, M. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Flexible compensation of dispersion-induced power fading for multi-service RoF links based on a phase-coherent orthogonal lightwave generator,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 2103–2106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, M.

Welschen, S.

Wu, B.

B. Wu, J. Y. Sung, J. H. Yan, M. Xu, J. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Polarization-insensitive remote access unit for radio-over-fiber mobile fronthaul system by reusing polarization orthogonal light waves,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 7200108 (2016).

B. Wu, M. Zhu, M. Xu, J. Wang, M. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Flexible compensation of dispersion-induced power fading for multi-service RoF links based on a phase-coherent orthogonal lightwave generator,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 2103–2106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, C. J.

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, C. Y. Lin, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, H. H. Lin, and C. J. Wu, “Fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergences based on MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 7902810 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. F.

Xu, M.

B. Wu, J. Y. Sung, J. H. Yan, M. Xu, J. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Polarization-insensitive remote access unit for radio-over-fiber mobile fronthaul system by reusing polarization orthogonal light waves,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 7200108 (2016).

B. Wu, M. Zhu, M. Xu, J. Wang, M. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Flexible compensation of dispersion-induced power fading for multi-service RoF links based on a phase-coherent orthogonal lightwave generator,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 2103–2106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, F.

B. Wu, J. Y. Sung, J. H. Yan, M. Xu, J. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Polarization-insensitive remote access unit for radio-over-fiber mobile fronthaul system by reusing polarization orthogonal light waves,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 7200108 (2016).

B. Wu, M. Zhu, M. Xu, J. Wang, M. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Flexible compensation of dispersion-induced power fading for multi-service RoF links based on a phase-coherent orthogonal lightwave generator,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 2103–2106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, J. H.

B. Wu, J. Y. Sung, J. H. Yan, M. Xu, J. Wang, F. Yan, S. Jian, and G. K. Chang, “Polarization-insensitive remote access unit for radio-over-fiber mobile fronthaul system by reusing polarization orthogonal light waves,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 7200108 (2016).

Yang, Z. Y.

H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, H. W. Chen, C. M. Ho, M. T. Cheng, S. J. Huang, Z. Y. Yang, and X. Y. Lin, “Bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC integrated system based on polarization-orthogonal modulation scheme,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17250–17258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, T. T. Shih, M. T. Cheng, C. M. Ho, X. Y. Lin, Z. Y. Yang, and S. J. Huang, “A bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergence system with a dual-polarization modulation scheme and a MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 7200408 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yeh, C. H.

Yu, X.

W. Lu, Z. Zhang, X. Yu, and M. Li, “Transmitting and receiving lens design in free space optics,” Proc. SPIE 5284, 365–368 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zeng, W. S.

Zhang, Z.

W. Lu, Z. Zhang, X. Yu, and M. Li, “Transmitting and receiving lens design in free space optics,” Proc. SPIE 5284, 365–368 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhu, M.

IEEE Photonics J. (3)

C. Y. Li, H. H. Lu, C. Y. Lin, C. A. Chu, B. R. Chen, H. H. Lin, and C. J. Wu, “Fiber-wireless and fiber-IVLLC convergences based on MZM-OEO-based BLS,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 7902810 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The configuration of the proposed bidirectional fiber-IVLLC and fiber-wireless convergence systems with two orthogonally polarized optical sidebands and the photograph of the 60-GHz RF wireless channel.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 A block diagram of the equalizer, by which including 1st and 2nd equalized functions
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The optical spectrum of the free-running FP LD1 with a 10-Gbps data stream modulation. (b) The optical spectrum of the injection-locked FP LD1 locked at + 1 optical sideband (1540.64 nm) with a 10-Gbps data stream modulation.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The optical spectrum of the injection-locked FP LD2 locked at −1 optical sideband with CATV even-channel signal modulation.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The measured CNR/CSO/CTB values (two orthogonally polarized optical sidebands) over a 40-km SMF transport, and over a 40-km SMF transport as well as a 100-m FSO link.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The measured CNR/CSO/CTB values over a 40-km SMF transport as well as a 100-m FSO link under the scenarios of orthogonally polarized and parallel polarized optical sidebands.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 For down-link transmission, the measured BER curves of the 10-Gbps BB data stream for BTB, over a 40-km SMF transport (orthogonally polarized) as well as a 100-m FSO link, and over a 40-km SMF transport (parallel polarized) as well as a 100-m FSO link scenarios.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The measured BER curves of the 10 Gbps/60 GHz MMW data signal for BTB, over a 40-km SMF transport (orthogonally polarized) as well as a 3-m RF wireless transmission, and over a 40-km SMF transport (parallel polarized) as well as a 3-m RF wireless transmission scenarios.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 For up-link transmission, the measured BER curves of the 10-Gbps BB data stream for the scenarios of over a 40-km SMF transport (orthogonally polarized) as well as a 100-m FSO link, and over a 40-km SMF transport (parallel polarized) as well as a 100-m FSO link.

Equations (3)

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CNR(N Channel)=CNR(77 Channel)+10log( 77 N )
CSO(N Channel)=CSO(77 Channel)+20log( 77 N )
CTB(N Channel)=CTB(77 Channel)+20log( 77 N )

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