Abstract

In this work, a novel highly fabrication tolerant polarization beam splitter (PBS) is presented on an InP platform. To achieve the splitting, we combine the Pockels effect and the plasma dispersion effect in a symmetric 1x2 Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI). One p-i-n phase shifter of the MZI is driven in forward bias to exploit the plasma dispersion effect and modify the phase of both the TE and TM mode. The other arm of the MZI is driven in reverse bias to exploit the Pockels effect which affects only the TE mode. By adjusting the voltages of the two phase shifters, a different interference condition can be set for the TE and the TM modes thereby splitting them at the output of the MZI. By adjusting the voltages, the very tight fabrication tolerances known for fully passive PBS are eased. The experimental results show that an extinction ratio better than 15 dB and an on-chip loss of 3.5 dB over the full C-band (1530-1565nm) are achieved.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2016 (2)

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Watanabe, Y. Nasu, Y. Ohiso, and R. Iga, “Easy adjustment structure and method for realizing InP based polarization beam splitter via Pockels effect dependence on crystal orientation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55, 08RB04 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

B. Shen, P. Wang, R. Polson, and R. Menon, “An integrated-nanophotonics polarization beamsplitter with 2.4 × 2.4 μm2 footprint,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 378–382 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (3)

2012 (1)

P. R. A. Binetti, M. Lu, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. A. Johansson, M. J. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Indium Phosphide Photonic Integrated Circuits for Coherent Optical Links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 279–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

2005 (1)

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, “Integrated polarization beam splitter in high index contrast silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(2), 393–395 (2005).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

F. H. Groen, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6(3), 402–405 (1994).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

B. R. Bennett, R. A. Soref, and J. A. Del Alamo, “Carrier-induced change in refractive index of InP, GaAs, and InGaAsP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(1), 113–122 (1990).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

B. R. Bennett and R. A. Soref, “Electrorefraction and electroabsorption in InP, GaAs, GaSb, InAs, and InSb,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2159–2166 (1987).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

J. Leotin, R. Barbaste, S. Askenazy, M. S. Skolnick, R. A. Stradling, and J. Tuchendler, “Hole mass measurement in p-type InP and GaP by submillimetre cyclotron resonance in pulsed magnetic fields,” Solid State Commun. 15(4), 693–697 (1974).
[Crossref]

Agrell, E.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Alonso-Ramos, C.

Askenazy, S.

J. Leotin, R. Barbaste, S. Askenazy, M. S. Skolnick, R. A. Stradling, and J. Tuchendler, “Hole mass measurement in p-type InP and GaP by submillimetre cyclotron resonance in pulsed magnetic fields,” Solid State Commun. 15(4), 693–697 (1974).
[Crossref]

Augustin, L. M.

L. M. Augustin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, R. Hanfoug, W. J. M. de Laat, M. J. E. van de Moosdijk, P. W. L. van Dijk, Y. S. Oei, and M. K. Smit, “A single etch-step fabrication-tolerant polarization splitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(3), 740–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. M. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, J. J. G. M. Van Der Tol, W. J. M. De Laat, and M. K. Smit, “A Compact Integrated Polarization Splitter/Converter in InGaAsP – InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1286 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bach, H.

Bach, H.-G.

Baier, M. F.

M. F. Baier, F. M. Soares, W. Passenberg, T. Gaertner, M. Moehrle, and N. Grote, “Polarization beam splitter building block for InP based generic photonic integrated circuits,” in Conf. Proc. - Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Relat. Mater. (2014), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

Barbaste, R.

J. Leotin, R. Barbaste, S. Askenazy, M. S. Skolnick, R. A. Stradling, and J. Tuchendler, “Hole mass measurement in p-type InP and GaP by submillimetre cyclotron resonance in pulsed magnetic fields,” Solid State Commun. 15(4), 693–697 (1974).
[Crossref]

Bennett, B. R.

B. R. Bennett, R. A. Soref, and J. A. Del Alamo, “Carrier-induced change in refractive index of InP, GaAs, and InGaAsP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(1), 113–122 (1990).
[Crossref]

B. R. Bennett and R. A. Soref, “Electrorefraction and electroabsorption in InP, GaAs, GaSb, InAs, and InSb,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2159–2166 (1987).
[Crossref]

Bhardwaj, A.

P. R. A. Binetti, M. Lu, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. A. Johansson, M. J. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Indium Phosphide Photonic Integrated Circuits for Coherent Optical Links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 279–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Binetti, P. R. A.

P. R. A. Binetti, M. Lu, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. A. Johansson, M. J. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Indium Phosphide Photonic Integrated Circuits for Coherent Optical Links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 279–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Brandt-Pearce, M.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Coldren, L. A.

P. R. A. Binetti, M. Lu, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. A. Johansson, M. J. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Indium Phosphide Photonic Integrated Circuits for Coherent Optical Links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 279–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dai, D.

De Laat, W. J. M.

L. M. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, J. J. G. M. Van Der Tol, W. J. M. De Laat, and M. K. Smit, “A Compact Integrated Polarization Splitter/Converter in InGaAsP – InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1286 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. M. Augustin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, R. Hanfoug, W. J. M. de Laat, M. J. E. van de Moosdijk, P. W. L. van Dijk, Y. S. Oei, and M. K. Smit, “A single etch-step fabrication-tolerant polarization splitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(3), 740–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

de Vreede, A. H.

F. H. Groen, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6(3), 402–405 (1994).
[Crossref]

Del Alamo, J. A.

B. R. Bennett, R. A. Soref, and J. A. Del Alamo, “Carrier-induced change in refractive index of InP, GaAs, and InGaAsP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(1), 113–122 (1990).
[Crossref]

Ding, Y.

Eggleton, B. J.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fischer, J. K.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gaertner, T.

M. F. Baier, F. M. Soares, W. Passenberg, T. Gaertner, M. Moehrle, and N. Grote, “Polarization beam splitter building block for InP based generic photonic integrated circuits,” in Conf. Proc. - Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Relat. Mater. (2014), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

Gisin, N.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Groen, F. H.

F. H. Groen, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6(3), 402–405 (1994).
[Crossref]

Grote, N.

M. F. Baier, F. M. Soares, W. Passenberg, T. Gaertner, M. Moehrle, and N. Grote, “Polarization beam splitter building block for InP based generic photonic integrated circuits,” in Conf. Proc. - Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Relat. Mater. (2014), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

Guan, X.

Guzzon, R. S.

P. R. A. Binetti, M. Lu, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. A. Johansson, M. J. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Indium Phosphide Photonic Integrated Circuits for Coherent Optical Links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 279–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Halir, R.

Hanfoug, R.

L. M. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, J. J. G. M. Van Der Tol, W. J. M. De Laat, and M. K. Smit, “A Compact Integrated Polarization Splitter/Converter in InGaAsP – InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1286 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. M. Augustin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, R. Hanfoug, W. J. M. de Laat, M. J. E. van de Moosdijk, P. W. L. van Dijk, Y. S. Oei, and M. K. Smit, “A single etch-step fabrication-tolerant polarization splitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(3), 740–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

Iga, R.

K. Watanabe, Y. Nasu, Y. Ohiso, and R. Iga, “Easy adjustment structure and method for realizing InP based polarization beam splitter via Pockels effect dependence on crystal orientation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55, 08RB04 (2016).
[Crossref]

Janiak, K.

Johansson, L. A.

P. R. A. Binetti, M. Lu, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. A. Johansson, M. J. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Indium Phosphide Photonic Integrated Circuits for Coherent Optical Links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 279–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, M.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Krummrich, P. M.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kschischang, F. R.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Leotin, J.

J. Leotin, R. Barbaste, S. Askenazy, M. S. Skolnick, R. A. Stradling, and J. Tuchendler, “Hole mass measurement in p-type InP and GaP by submillimetre cyclotron resonance in pulsed magnetic fields,” Solid State Commun. 15(4), 693–697 (1974).
[Crossref]

Liang, T. K.

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, “Integrated polarization beam splitter in high index contrast silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(2), 393–395 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lord, A.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lu, M.

P. R. A. Binetti, M. Lu, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. A. Johansson, M. J. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Indium Phosphide Photonic Integrated Circuits for Coherent Optical Links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 279–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Menon, R.

B. Shen, P. Wang, R. Polson, and R. Menon, “An integrated-nanophotonics polarization beamsplitter with 2.4 × 2.4 μm2 footprint,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 378–382 (2015).
[Crossref]

Moehrle, M.

M. F. Baier, F. M. Soares, W. Passenberg, T. Gaertner, M. Moehrle, and N. Grote, “Polarization beam splitter building block for InP based generic photonic integrated circuits,” in Conf. Proc. - Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Relat. Mater. (2014), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

Molina-Fernández, Í.

Nakano, H.

Nasu, Y.

K. Watanabe, Y. Nasu, Y. Ohiso, and R. Iga, “Easy adjustment structure and method for realizing InP based polarization beam splitter via Pockels effect dependence on crystal orientation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55, 08RB04 (2016).
[Crossref]

Norberg, E. J.

P. R. A. Binetti, M. Lu, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. A. Johansson, M. J. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Indium Phosphide Photonic Integrated Circuits for Coherent Optical Links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 279–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Oei, Y. S.

Ohiso, Y.

K. Watanabe, Y. Nasu, Y. Ohiso, and R. Iga, “Easy adjustment structure and method for realizing InP based polarization beam splitter via Pockels effect dependence on crystal orientation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55, 08RB04 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ortega-Moñux, A.

Ou, H.

Parker, J. S.

P. R. A. Binetti, M. Lu, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. A. Johansson, M. J. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Indium Phosphide Photonic Integrated Circuits for Coherent Optical Links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 279–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Passenberg, W.

M. F. Baier, F. M. Soares, W. Passenberg, T. Gaertner, M. Moehrle, and N. Grote, “Polarization beam splitter building block for InP based generic photonic integrated circuits,” in Conf. Proc. - Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Relat. Mater. (2014), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

Pérez-Galacho, D.

Peucheret, C.

Polson, R.

B. Shen, P. Wang, R. Polson, and R. Menon, “An integrated-nanophotonics polarization beamsplitter with 2.4 × 2.4 μm2 footprint,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 378–382 (2015).
[Crossref]

Prat, J.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Roberts, K.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rodwell, M. J.

P. R. A. Binetti, M. Lu, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. A. Johansson, M. J. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Indium Phosphide Photonic Integrated Circuits for Coherent Optical Links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 279–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Runge, P.

Savory, S. J.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Secondini, M.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shen, B.

B. Shen, P. Wang, R. Polson, and R. Menon, “An integrated-nanophotonics polarization beamsplitter with 2.4 × 2.4 μm2 footprint,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 378–382 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y.

Sivananthan, A.

P. R. A. Binetti, M. Lu, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. A. Johansson, M. J. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Indium Phosphide Photonic Integrated Circuits for Coherent Optical Links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 279–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Skolnick, M. S.

J. Leotin, R. Barbaste, S. Askenazy, M. S. Skolnick, R. A. Stradling, and J. Tuchendler, “Hole mass measurement in p-type InP and GaP by submillimetre cyclotron resonance in pulsed magnetic fields,” Solid State Commun. 15(4), 693–697 (1974).
[Crossref]

Smit, M. K.

L. M. Augustin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, R. Hanfoug, W. J. M. de Laat, M. J. E. van de Moosdijk, P. W. L. van Dijk, Y. S. Oei, and M. K. Smit, “A single etch-step fabrication-tolerant polarization splitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(3), 740–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. M. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, J. J. G. M. Van Der Tol, W. J. M. De Laat, and M. K. Smit, “A Compact Integrated Polarization Splitter/Converter in InGaAsP – InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1286 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. H. Groen, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6(3), 402–405 (1994).
[Crossref]

Soares, F. M.

M. F. Baier, F. M. Soares, W. Passenberg, T. Gaertner, M. Moehrle, and N. Grote, “Polarization beam splitter building block for InP based generic photonic integrated circuits,” in Conf. Proc. - Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Relat. Mater. (2014), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

Soref, R. A.

B. R. Bennett, R. A. Soref, and J. A. Del Alamo, “Carrier-induced change in refractive index of InP, GaAs, and InGaAsP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(1), 113–122 (1990).
[Crossref]

B. R. Bennett and R. A. Soref, “Electrorefraction and electroabsorption in InP, GaAs, GaSb, InAs, and InSb,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2159–2166 (1987).
[Crossref]

Srinivasan, S.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Steffan, A. G.

Stradling, R. A.

J. Leotin, R. Barbaste, S. Askenazy, M. S. Skolnick, R. A. Stradling, and J. Tuchendler, “Hole mass measurement in p-type InP and GaP by submillimetre cyclotron resonance in pulsed magnetic fields,” Solid State Commun. 15(4), 693–697 (1974).
[Crossref]

Tomkos, I.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tsang, H. K.

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, “Integrated polarization beam splitter in high index contrast silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(2), 393–395 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tuchendler, J.

J. Leotin, R. Barbaste, S. Askenazy, M. S. Skolnick, R. A. Stradling, and J. Tuchendler, “Hole mass measurement in p-type InP and GaP by submillimetre cyclotron resonance in pulsed magnetic fields,” Solid State Commun. 15(4), 693–697 (1974).
[Crossref]

van de Moosdijk, M. J. E.

van der Tol, J. J. G. M.

L. M. Augustin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, R. Hanfoug, W. J. M. de Laat, M. J. E. van de Moosdijk, P. W. L. van Dijk, Y. S. Oei, and M. K. Smit, “A single etch-step fabrication-tolerant polarization splitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(3), 740–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. M. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, J. J. G. M. Van Der Tol, W. J. M. De Laat, and M. K. Smit, “A Compact Integrated Polarization Splitter/Converter in InGaAsP – InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1286 (2007).
[Crossref]

van Dijk, P. W. L.

Verbeek, B. H.

F. H. Groen, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6(3), 402–405 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

B. Shen, P. Wang, R. Polson, and R. Menon, “An integrated-nanophotonics polarization beamsplitter with 2.4 × 2.4 μm2 footprint,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 378–382 (2015).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, K.

K. Watanabe, Y. Nasu, Y. Ohiso, and R. Iga, “Easy adjustment structure and method for realizing InP based polarization beam splitter via Pockels effect dependence on crystal orientation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55, 08RB04 (2016).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wosinski, L.

Wu, H.

Yamauchi, J.

Yamazaki, T.

Zhang, R.

Zhou, G.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

P. R. A. Binetti, M. Lu, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, L. A. Johansson, M. J. Rodwell, and L. A. Coldren, “Indium Phosphide Photonic Integrated Circuits for Coherent Optical Links,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 279–291 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. R. Bennett, R. A. Soref, and J. A. Del Alamo, “Carrier-induced change in refractive index of InP, GaAs, and InGaAsP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(1), 113–122 (1990).
[Crossref]

B. R. Bennett and R. A. Soref, “Electrorefraction and electroabsorption in InP, GaAs, GaSb, InAs, and InSb,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2159–2166 (1987).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, “Integrated polarization beam splitter in high index contrast silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(2), 393–395 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. H. Groen, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6(3), 402–405 (1994).
[Crossref]

L. M. Augustin, R. Hanfoug, J. J. G. M. Van Der Tol, W. J. M. De Laat, and M. K. Smit, “A Compact Integrated Polarization Splitter/Converter in InGaAsP – InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1286 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. (1)

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Watanabe, Y. Nasu, Y. Ohiso, and R. Iga, “Easy adjustment structure and method for realizing InP based polarization beam splitter via Pockels effect dependence on crystal orientation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55, 08RB04 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. Shen, P. Wang, R. Polson, and R. Menon, “An integrated-nanophotonics polarization beamsplitter with 2.4 × 2.4 μm2 footprint,” Nat. Photonics 9(6), 378–382 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Solid State Commun. (1)

J. Leotin, R. Barbaste, S. Askenazy, M. S. Skolnick, R. A. Stradling, and J. Tuchendler, “Hole mass measurement in p-type InP and GaP by submillimetre cyclotron resonance in pulsed magnetic fields,” Solid State Commun. 15(4), 693–697 (1974).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

N.W. Ashcroft, and N.D. Mermin, Solid State Physics (Saunders College Publishing, 1976).

P. H. Holloway and G. E. Mcguire, Handbook of Compound Semiconductors, (Noyes Publications, 1995).

M. F. Baier, F. M. Soares, W. Passenberg, T. Gaertner, M. Moehrle, and N. Grote, “Polarization beam splitter building block for InP based generic photonic integrated circuits,” in Conf. Proc. - Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Relat. Mater. (2014), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

G. Hagn, Electro-Optic Effects and Their Application in Indium Phosphide Waveguide Devices for Fibre Optic Access by Electro-optic (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, 1971).

M. Felicetti, K. Kojima, T. Koike-Akino, B. Wang, K. Parsons, S. Nishikawa, and E. Yagyu, “MMI-based polarization beam splitter/combiner for InP photonic integrated circuits,” in Advanced Photonics 2015, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper IM2A.5.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Structure of the proposed PBS which consists of a 1x2 symmetric MZI.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Fabricated structure of the PBS with a straight waveguide at the bottom for normalization of the insertion loss.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Setup to characterize the PBS. It consists of two power supplies (PS1 and PS 2), one tunable laser (TL), one bare fiber rotator (FR), and a power meter (PM). Polarization maintaining lensed fibers were used at the input and at the output of the Device Under Test (DUT)
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Bar output of the PBS when injecting a TM mode at the input. One arm is driven in forward bias Vforward from 0 to 5 V. Several wavelengths are measured in the C-band to demonstrate the bandwidth of the device. PER stands for polarization extinction ratio and IL for insertion loss.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Cross output of the PBS when injecting a TE mode at the input. While one arm is driven in forward bias Vforward the other arm is reverse biased Vreverse from 0 to 10 V. Several wavelengths are measured in the C-band to demonstrate the bandwidth of the device. PER stands for polarization extinction ratio and IL for insertion loss.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Polarization extinction ratio of the PBS in forward and reverse bias versus wavelength
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Phase shift produced in a phase shifter of length L = 2.5 mm upon application of an electric field E. ΦFKE is the phase due to the FKE (red line) and ΦPockels is the phase shift produced by the Pockels effect.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Structure of the wafer.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Summary of the state-of-the-art of PBS based on InP platform where PER stands for Polarization Extinction Ratio, IL for Insertion Loss, BW for Bandwidth, and L is the length of the device.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ φ TM = 2π λ ( Δ n eff,TM ( V forward ) )L+ φ 1
Δ φ TE = 2π λ ( Δ n eff,TE ( V forward )+Δ n eff,TE ( V reverse ) )L+ φ 2

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