Abstract

We have fabricated electrically injected InAs/InGaAs/GaAs quantum-dot (QD) photonic-crystal (PC) surface-emitting lasers (SELs) and successfully demonstrated room-temperature lasing emissions at 1.3-μm wavelength for the first time. The PCSEL device fabrication was greatly simplified by deposition of transparent conducting layer of indium-tin-oxide over “PC slab-on-substrate” structure. The threshold current density per QD layer was as low as 50 A/cm2/layer; however, the optical output was limited to 2 mW. The band-edge lasing mode was identified and near-circular beam with narrow divergence angle less than 2° was achieved.

© 2017 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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2017 (1)

2016 (1)

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Coupled-Wave Theory for Square-Lattice Photonic Crystal Lasers With TE Polarization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(5), 788–795 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kurosaka, K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Controlling vertical optical confinement in two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic-crystal lasers by shape of air holes,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18485–18494 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, “Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195306 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Arakawa, Y.

Asano, T.

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bewley, W. W.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bordas, F.

Canedy, C. L.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chang, T. Y.

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Pan, C. H. Lin, T. Y. Chang, T. C. Lu, and C. P. Lee, “GaSb-based mid infrared photonic crystal surface emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11741–11747 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S. W.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, T. S.

Cheng, J.

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chutinan, A.

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, “Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195306 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dupuy, E.

Fan, S.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fujita, M.

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gendry, M.

Hains, C. P.

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

Herfort, J.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hirose, K.

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hong, K. B.

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hsu, M. Y.

Huang, X.

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

Imada, M.

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, “Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195306 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ishizaki, K.

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Iwahashi, S.

Iwamoto, S.

Jianglin, Y.

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kao, C. C.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kao, T. T.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, C. S.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kitamura, K.

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Korotkov, A. L.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kumagai, N.

Kunishi, W.

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuo, H. C.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kurosaka, Y.

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Kurosaka, K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Controlling vertical optical confinement in two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic-crystal lasers by shape of air holes,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18485–18494 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C. P.

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Pan, C. H. Lin, T. Y. Chang, T. C. Lu, and C. P. Lee, “GaSb-based mid infrared photonic crystal surface emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11741–11747 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z. L.

Liang, Y.

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Liang, C. Peng, K. Sakai, S. Iwahashi, and S. Noda, “Three-dimensional coupled-wave analysis for square-lattice photonic crystal surface emitting lasers with transverse-electric polarization: finite-size effects,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15945–15961 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, C. H.

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Pan, C. H. Lin, T. Y. Chang, T. C. Lu, and C. P. Lee, “GaSb-based mid infrared photonic crystal surface emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11741–11747 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, G.

T. S. Chen, Z. L. Li, M. Y. Hsu, G. Lin, and S. D. Lin, “Photonic crystal surface emitting lasers with quantum dot active region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(20), 4547–4552 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, L. F.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lin, S. D.

Lindle, J. R.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, G. T.

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. C.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lu, T. C.

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Pan, C. H. Lin, T. Y. Chang, T. C. Lu, and C. P. Lee, “GaSb-based mid infrared photonic crystal surface emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11741–11747 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Malloy, K. J.

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

Matsubara, H.

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meyer, J. R.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Miyai, E.

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Coupled-Wave Theory for Square-Lattice Photonic Crystal Lasers With TE Polarization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(5), 788–795 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Kurosaka, K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Controlling vertical optical confinement in two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic-crystal lasers by shape of air holes,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18485–18494 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mochizuki, M.

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, “Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195306 (2002).
[Crossref]

Murata, M.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Noda, S.

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Liang, C. Peng, K. Sakai, S. Iwahashi, and S. Noda, “Three-dimensional coupled-wave analysis for square-lattice photonic crystal surface emitting lasers with transverse-electric polarization: finite-size effects,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15945–15961 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Coupled-Wave Theory for Square-Lattice Photonic Crystal Lasers With TE Polarization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(5), 788–795 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Kurosaka, K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Controlling vertical optical confinement in two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic-crystal lasers by shape of air holes,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18485–18494 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, “Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195306 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nomura, M.

Ohnishi, D.

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okano, T.

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okino, T.

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ota, Y.

Pan, C. H.

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Pan, C. H. Lin, T. Y. Chang, T. C. Lu, and C. P. Lee, “GaSb-based mid infrared photonic crystal surface emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11741–11747 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, C.

Perera, A. G. U.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ploog, K. H.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rahmani, A.

Regreny, P.

Saito, H.

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakai, K.

Sasaki, G.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Schaff, W. J.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Seassal, C.

Shen, W. Z.

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

Steel, M. J.

Stintz, A.

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sugiyama, T.

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, Y.

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tandaechanurat, A.

Tokuda, T.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Viktorovitch, P.

Vurgaftman, I.

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. C.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, A.

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yoshimoto, S.

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, P.

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Surface-emitting photonic-crystal distributed-feedback laser for the midinfrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191105 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. C. Lu, S. W. Chen, L. F. Lin, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, P. Yu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, and S. Fan, “GaN-based two-dimensional surface-emitting photonic crystal lasers with AlN/GaN distributed Bragg reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011129 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. Liang, T. Okino, K. Kitamura, C. Peng, K. Ishizaki, and S. Noda, “Mode stability in photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers with large κ1DL,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

X. Huang, A. Stintz, C. P. Hains, G. T. Liu, J. Cheng, and K. J. Malloy, “Efficient high-temperature CW lasing operation of oxide-confined long-wavelength InAs quantum dot lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(1), 41–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, and S. Noda, “Coupled-Wave Theory for Square-Lattice Photonic Crystal Lasers With TE Polarization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(5), 788–795 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Y. Chang, C. H. Pan, K. B. Hong, C. H. Lin, G. Lin, C. P. Lee, and T. C. Lu, “Quantum-dot surface emitting distributed feedback lasers using indium–tin–oxide as top claddings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(15), 1633–1636 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. L. Korotkov, A. G. U. Perera, W. Z. Shen, J. Herfort, K. H. Ploog, W. J. Schaff, and H. C. Liu, “Free-carrier absorption in Be- and C-doped GaAs epilayers and far infrared detector applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(19), 3295–3300 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nat. Photonics (2)

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Hirose, Y. Liang, Y. Kurosaka, A. Watanabe, T. Sugiyama, and S. Noda, “Watt-class high-power, high-beam-quality photonic-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 406–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

E. Miyai, K. Sakai, T. Okano, W. Kunishi, D. Ohnishi, and S. Noda, “Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams,” Nature 441(7096), 946 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Imada, A. Chutinan, S. Noda, and M. Mochizuki, “Multidirectionally distributed feedback photonic crystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195306 (2002).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, Y. Jianglin, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, “GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths,” Science 319(5862), 445–447 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

T. Sakaguchi, W. Kunishi, S. Arimura, K. Nagase, E. Miyai, D. Ohnishi, E. Miyai, K. Sakai, and S. Noda, “Surface-Emitting Photonic-Crystal Laser with 35W Peak Power,” in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO, 2009), paper CTuH1.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The schematic layer structure, along with QD active region, of investigated sample.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Electrically injected PCSEL with its (a) schematic cross-section, (b) tilted-angle cross-sectional image from SEM, and (c) top-view image from SOM
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) L-I-V characteristics and (b) lasing spectra of 390-nm period QD PCSEL.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Angle-dependent spectra along Γ-X and Γ-M with angular step of 2°. (b) Emission spectra below and above threshold current.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The refractive index profile of investigated structure with corresponding electrical field intensity distribution along crystal growth direction.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) NFP, (b) FFP and (c) PP of QD PCSEL with lattice period of 390 nm.

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