Abstract

The longest wavelength (~1.4 µm) emitted by a diamond Raman laser pumped by a semiconductor disk laser (SDL) is reported. The output power of the intracavity-pumped Raman laser reached a maximum of 2.3 W with an optical conversion efficiency of 3.4% with respect to the absorbed diode pump power. Narrow Stokes emission (FWHM <0.1 nm) was attained using etalons to limit the fundamental spectrum to a single etalon peak. Tuning of the Raman laser over >40 nm was achieved via rotation of an intracavity birefringent filter that tuned the SDL oscillation wavelength.

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References

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2017 (1)

2016 (2)

O. Lux, S. Sarang, R. J. Williams, A. McKay, and R. P. Mildren, “Single longitudinal mode diamond Raman laser in the eye-safe spectral region for water vapor detection,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27812–27820 (2016).
[PubMed]

H. Jasbeer, R. J. Williams, O. Kitzler, A. McKay, S. Sarang, J. Lin, and R. P. Mildren, “Birefringence and piezo-Raman analysis of single crystal CVD diamond and effects on Raman laser performance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(3), 56–64 (2016).

2015 (1)

D. J. Spence, “Spatial and Spectral Effects in Continuous-Wave Intracavity Raman Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 134–141 (2015).

2014 (2)

2013 (3)

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, N. Van Lieu, G. Fetzer, and M. Guina, “1180 nm VECSEL with output power beyond 20 W,” Electron. Lett. 49(1), 59–60 (2013).

D. C. Parrotta, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, and J. E. Hastie, “Multiwatt, Continuous-Wave, Tunable Diamond Raman Laser With Intracavity Frequency-Doubling to the Visible Region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1400108 (2013).

V. G. Savitski, S. Reilly, and A. J. Kemp, “Steady-state raman gain in diamond as a function of pump wavelength,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(2), 218–223 (2013).

2012 (1)

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).

2011 (3)

D. C. Parrotta, W. Lubeigt, A. J. Kemp, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and J. E. Hastie, “Continuous-wave Raman laser pumped within a semiconductor disk laser cavity,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1083–1085 (2011).
[PubMed]

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

D. C. Parrotta, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, and J. E. Hastie, “Tunable continuous-wave diamond Raman laser,” Opt. Express 19(24), 24165–24170 (2011).
[PubMed]

2010 (3)

A. Sabella, J. A. Piper, and R. P. Mildren, “1240 nm diamond Raman laser operating near the quantum limit,” Opt. Lett. 35(23), 3874–3876 (2010).
[PubMed]

K. C. Lee, B. J. Sussman, J. Nunn, V. O. Lorenz, K. Reim, D. Jaksch, I. A. Walmsley, P. Spizzirri, and S. Prawer, “Comparing phonon dephasing lifetimes in diamond using Transient Coherent Ultrafast Phonon Spectroscopy,” Diamond Related Materials 19(10), 1289–1295 (2010).

W. Lubeigt, G. M. Bonner, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson, D. Burns, and A. J. Kemp, “An intra-cavity Raman laser using synthetic single-crystal diamond,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16765–16770 (2010).
[PubMed]

2009 (3)

J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, L. Toikkanen, A. Sirbu, A. Mereuta, A. Caliman, E. Kapon, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1.3-µm optically-pumped semiconductor disk laser by wafer fusion,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9047–9052 (2009).
[PubMed]

S. Calvez, J. E. Hastie, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. D. Dawson, “Semiconductor disk lasers for the generation of visible and ultraviolet radiation,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(5), 407–434 (2009).

I. Friel, S. L. Clewes, H. K. Dhillon, N. Perkins, D. J. Twitchen, and G. A. Scarsbrook, “Control of surface and bulk crystalline quality in single crystal diamond grown by chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 18(5–8), 808–815 (2009).

2008 (1)

N. Schulz, J. M. Hopkins, M. Rattunde, D. Burns, and J. Wagner, “High-brightness long-wavelength semiconductor disk lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(3), 160–181 (2008).

2007 (1)

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, “Crystalline Raman Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 692–704 (2007).

2004 (2)

D. Welford and M. A. Jaspan, “Single-frequency operation of a Cr:YAG laser from 1332 to 1554 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(12), 2137–2141 (2004).

J.-M. Hopkins, S. A. Smith, C. W. Jeon, H. D. Sun, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouthi, and M. Pessa, “0.6W CW GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface emitting laser operating at 1.32 µm,” Electron. Lett. 40(1), 30–31 (2004).

2003 (1)

H. M. Pask, “The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 3–56 (2003).

1999 (1)

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “Design and characteristics of high-power (<0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561–573 (1999).

1995 (1)

1964 (1)

R. Loudon, “The Raman effect in crystals,” Adv. Phys. 13(52), 423–482 (1964).

Bonner, G. M.

Burns, D.

D. C. Parrotta, W. Lubeigt, A. J. Kemp, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and J. E. Hastie, “Continuous-wave Raman laser pumped within a semiconductor disk laser cavity,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1083–1085 (2011).
[PubMed]

W. Lubeigt, G. M. Bonner, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson, D. Burns, and A. J. Kemp, “An intra-cavity Raman laser using synthetic single-crystal diamond,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16765–16770 (2010).
[PubMed]

N. Schulz, J. M. Hopkins, M. Rattunde, D. Burns, and J. Wagner, “High-brightness long-wavelength semiconductor disk lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(3), 160–181 (2008).

J.-M. Hopkins, S. A. Smith, C. W. Jeon, H. D. Sun, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouthi, and M. Pessa, “0.6W CW GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface emitting laser operating at 1.32 µm,” Electron. Lett. 40(1), 30–31 (2004).

Caliman, A.

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, L. Toikkanen, A. Sirbu, A. Mereuta, A. Caliman, E. Kapon, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1.3-µm optically-pumped semiconductor disk laser by wafer fusion,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9047–9052 (2009).
[PubMed]

Calvez, S.

S. Calvez, J. E. Hastie, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. D. Dawson, “Semiconductor disk lasers for the generation of visible and ultraviolet radiation,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(5), 407–434 (2009).

J.-M. Hopkins, S. A. Smith, C. W. Jeon, H. D. Sun, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouthi, and M. Pessa, “0.6W CW GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface emitting laser operating at 1.32 µm,” Electron. Lett. 40(1), 30–31 (2004).

Clewes, S. L.

I. Friel, S. L. Clewes, H. K. Dhillon, N. Perkins, D. J. Twitchen, and G. A. Scarsbrook, “Control of surface and bulk crystalline quality in single crystal diamond grown by chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 18(5–8), 808–815 (2009).

Czyszanowski, T.

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

Dawson, M. D.

D. C. Parrotta, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, and J. E. Hastie, “Multiwatt, Continuous-Wave, Tunable Diamond Raman Laser With Intracavity Frequency-Doubling to the Visible Region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1400108 (2013).

D. C. Parrotta, W. Lubeigt, A. J. Kemp, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and J. E. Hastie, “Continuous-wave Raman laser pumped within a semiconductor disk laser cavity,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1083–1085 (2011).
[PubMed]

D. C. Parrotta, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, and J. E. Hastie, “Tunable continuous-wave diamond Raman laser,” Opt. Express 19(24), 24165–24170 (2011).
[PubMed]

W. Lubeigt, G. M. Bonner, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson, D. Burns, and A. J. Kemp, “An intra-cavity Raman laser using synthetic single-crystal diamond,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16765–16770 (2010).
[PubMed]

S. Calvez, J. E. Hastie, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. D. Dawson, “Semiconductor disk lasers for the generation of visible and ultraviolet radiation,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(5), 407–434 (2009).

J.-M. Hopkins, S. A. Smith, C. W. Jeon, H. D. Sun, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouthi, and M. Pessa, “0.6W CW GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface emitting laser operating at 1.32 µm,” Electron. Lett. 40(1), 30–31 (2004).

Dhillon, H. K.

I. Friel, S. L. Clewes, H. K. Dhillon, N. Perkins, D. J. Twitchen, and G. A. Scarsbrook, “Control of surface and bulk crystalline quality in single crystal diamond grown by chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 18(5–8), 808–815 (2009).

Fetzer, G.

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, N. Van Lieu, G. Fetzer, and M. Guina, “1180 nm VECSEL with output power beyond 20 W,” Electron. Lett. 49(1), 59–60 (2013).

Friel, I.

I. Friel, S. L. Clewes, H. K. Dhillon, N. Perkins, D. J. Twitchen, and G. A. Scarsbrook, “Control of surface and bulk crystalline quality in single crystal diamond grown by chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 18(5–8), 808–815 (2009).

Guina, M.

E. Kantola, T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, and M. Guina, “High-efficiency 20 W yellow VECSEL,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6372–6380 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, N. Van Lieu, G. Fetzer, and M. Guina, “1180 nm VECSEL with output power beyond 20 W,” Electron. Lett. 49(1), 59–60 (2013).

S. Calvez, J. E. Hastie, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. D. Dawson, “Semiconductor disk lasers for the generation of visible and ultraviolet radiation,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(5), 407–434 (2009).

Hader, J.

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).

Hakimi, F.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “Design and characteristics of high-power (<0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561–573 (1999).

Hastie, J. E.

D. C. Parrotta, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, and J. E. Hastie, “Multiwatt, Continuous-Wave, Tunable Diamond Raman Laser With Intracavity Frequency-Doubling to the Visible Region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1400108 (2013).

D. C. Parrotta, W. Lubeigt, A. J. Kemp, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and J. E. Hastie, “Continuous-wave Raman laser pumped within a semiconductor disk laser cavity,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1083–1085 (2011).
[PubMed]

D. C. Parrotta, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, and J. E. Hastie, “Tunable continuous-wave diamond Raman laser,” Opt. Express 19(24), 24165–24170 (2011).
[PubMed]

W. Lubeigt, G. M. Bonner, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson, D. Burns, and A. J. Kemp, “An intra-cavity Raman laser using synthetic single-crystal diamond,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16765–16770 (2010).
[PubMed]

S. Calvez, J. E. Hastie, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. D. Dawson, “Semiconductor disk lasers for the generation of visible and ultraviolet radiation,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(5), 407–434 (2009).

Heinen, B.

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).

Hopkins, J. M.

N. Schulz, J. M. Hopkins, M. Rattunde, D. Burns, and J. Wagner, “High-brightness long-wavelength semiconductor disk lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(3), 160–181 (2008).

Hopkins, J.-M.

J.-M. Hopkins, S. A. Smith, C. W. Jeon, H. D. Sun, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouthi, and M. Pessa, “0.6W CW GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface emitting laser operating at 1.32 µm,” Electron. Lett. 40(1), 30–31 (2004).

Iakovlev, V.

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

Jaksch, D.

K. C. Lee, B. J. Sussman, J. Nunn, V. O. Lorenz, K. Reim, D. Jaksch, I. A. Walmsley, P. Spizzirri, and S. Prawer, “Comparing phonon dephasing lifetimes in diamond using Transient Coherent Ultrafast Phonon Spectroscopy,” Diamond Related Materials 19(10), 1289–1295 (2010).

Jasbeer, H.

H. Jasbeer, R. J. Williams, O. Kitzler, A. McKay, S. Sarang, J. Lin, and R. P. Mildren, “Birefringence and piezo-Raman analysis of single crystal CVD diamond and effects on Raman laser performance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(3), 56–64 (2016).

Jaspan, M. A.

Jeon, C. W.

J.-M. Hopkins, S. A. Smith, C. W. Jeon, H. D. Sun, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouthi, and M. Pessa, “0.6W CW GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface emitting laser operating at 1.32 µm,” Electron. Lett. 40(1), 30–31 (2004).

Jouthi, T.

J.-M. Hopkins, S. A. Smith, C. W. Jeon, H. D. Sun, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouthi, and M. Pessa, “0.6W CW GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface emitting laser operating at 1.32 µm,” Electron. Lett. 40(1), 30–31 (2004).

Kantola, E.

Kapon, E.

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, L. Toikkanen, A. Sirbu, A. Mereuta, A. Caliman, E. Kapon, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1.3-µm optically-pumped semiconductor disk laser by wafer fusion,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9047–9052 (2009).
[PubMed]

Kemp, A. J.

Kitzler, O.

H. Jasbeer, R. J. Williams, O. Kitzler, A. McKay, S. Sarang, J. Lin, and R. P. Mildren, “Birefringence and piezo-Raman analysis of single crystal CVD diamond and effects on Raman laser performance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(3), 56–64 (2016).

Koch, M.

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).

Koch, S. W.

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).

Kunert, B.

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).

Kuznetsov, M.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “Design and characteristics of high-power (<0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561–573 (1999).

Lee, K. C.

K. C. Lee, B. J. Sussman, J. Nunn, V. O. Lorenz, K. Reim, D. Jaksch, I. A. Walmsley, P. Spizzirri, and S. Prawer, “Comparing phonon dephasing lifetimes in diamond using Transient Coherent Ultrafast Phonon Spectroscopy,” Diamond Related Materials 19(10), 1289–1295 (2010).

Leinonen, T.

E. Kantola, T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, and M. Guina, “High-efficiency 20 W yellow VECSEL,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6372–6380 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, N. Van Lieu, G. Fetzer, and M. Guina, “1180 nm VECSEL with output power beyond 20 W,” Electron. Lett. 49(1), 59–60 (2013).

Lin, J.

H. Jasbeer, R. J. Williams, O. Kitzler, A. McKay, S. Sarang, J. Lin, and R. P. Mildren, “Birefringence and piezo-Raman analysis of single crystal CVD diamond and effects on Raman laser performance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(3), 56–64 (2016).

G. M. Bonner, J. Lin, A. J. Kemp, J. Wang, H. Zhang, D. J. Spence, and H. M. Pask, “Spectral broadening in continuous-wave intracavity Raman lasers,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7492–7502 (2014).
[PubMed]

Lorenz, V. O.

K. C. Lee, B. J. Sussman, J. Nunn, V. O. Lorenz, K. Reim, D. Jaksch, I. A. Walmsley, P. Spizzirri, and S. Prawer, “Comparing phonon dephasing lifetimes in diamond using Transient Coherent Ultrafast Phonon Spectroscopy,” Diamond Related Materials 19(10), 1289–1295 (2010).

Loudon, R.

R. Loudon, “The Raman effect in crystals,” Adv. Phys. 13(52), 423–482 (1964).

Lubeigt, W.

Lux, O.

Lyytikäinen, J.

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, L. Toikkanen, A. Sirbu, A. Mereuta, A. Caliman, E. Kapon, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1.3-µm optically-pumped semiconductor disk laser by wafer fusion,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9047–9052 (2009).
[PubMed]

McKay, A.

O. Lux, S. Sarang, R. J. Williams, A. McKay, and R. P. Mildren, “Single longitudinal mode diamond Raman laser in the eye-safe spectral region for water vapor detection,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27812–27820 (2016).
[PubMed]

H. Jasbeer, R. J. Williams, O. Kitzler, A. McKay, S. Sarang, J. Lin, and R. P. Mildren, “Birefringence and piezo-Raman analysis of single crystal CVD diamond and effects on Raman laser performance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(3), 56–64 (2016).

Mereuta, A.

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, L. Toikkanen, A. Sirbu, A. Mereuta, A. Caliman, E. Kapon, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1.3-µm optically-pumped semiconductor disk laser by wafer fusion,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9047–9052 (2009).
[PubMed]

Mildren, R. P.

Moloney, J. V.

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).

Mooradian, A.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “Design and characteristics of high-power (<0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561–573 (1999).

Nathel, H.

Nunn, J.

K. C. Lee, B. J. Sussman, J. Nunn, V. O. Lorenz, K. Reim, D. Jaksch, I. A. Walmsley, P. Spizzirri, and S. Prawer, “Comparing phonon dephasing lifetimes in diamond using Transient Coherent Ultrafast Phonon Spectroscopy,” Diamond Related Materials 19(10), 1289–1295 (2010).

Okhotnikov, O.

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

Okhotnikov, O. G.

S. Calvez, J. E. Hastie, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. D. Dawson, “Semiconductor disk lasers for the generation of visible and ultraviolet radiation,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(5), 407–434 (2009).

J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, L. Toikkanen, A. Sirbu, A. Mereuta, A. Caliman, E. Kapon, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1.3-µm optically-pumped semiconductor disk laser by wafer fusion,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9047–9052 (2009).
[PubMed]

Parrotta, D. C.

Pask, H. M.

G. M. Bonner, J. Lin, A. J. Kemp, J. Wang, H. Zhang, D. J. Spence, and H. M. Pask, “Spectral broadening in continuous-wave intracavity Raman lasers,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7492–7502 (2014).
[PubMed]

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, “Crystalline Raman Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 692–704 (2007).

H. M. Pask, “The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 3–56 (2003).

Perkins, N.

I. Friel, S. L. Clewes, H. K. Dhillon, N. Perkins, D. J. Twitchen, and G. A. Scarsbrook, “Control of surface and bulk crystalline quality in single crystal diamond grown by chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 18(5–8), 808–815 (2009).

Pessa, M.

J.-M. Hopkins, S. A. Smith, C. W. Jeon, H. D. Sun, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouthi, and M. Pessa, “0.6W CW GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface emitting laser operating at 1.32 µm,” Electron. Lett. 40(1), 30–31 (2004).

Piper, J. A.

A. Sabella, J. A. Piper, and R. P. Mildren, “1240 nm diamond Raman laser operating near the quantum limit,” Opt. Lett. 35(23), 3874–3876 (2010).
[PubMed]

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, “Crystalline Raman Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 692–704 (2007).

Pollock, C. R.

Prawer, S.

K. C. Lee, B. J. Sussman, J. Nunn, V. O. Lorenz, K. Reim, D. Jaksch, I. A. Walmsley, P. Spizzirri, and S. Prawer, “Comparing phonon dephasing lifetimes in diamond using Transient Coherent Ultrafast Phonon Spectroscopy,” Diamond Related Materials 19(10), 1289–1295 (2010).

Ranta, S.

E. Kantola, T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, and M. Guina, “High-efficiency 20 W yellow VECSEL,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6372–6380 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, N. Van Lieu, G. Fetzer, and M. Guina, “1180 nm VECSEL with output power beyond 20 W,” Electron. Lett. 49(1), 59–60 (2013).

Rattunde, M.

N. Schulz, J. M. Hopkins, M. Rattunde, D. Burns, and J. Wagner, “High-brightness long-wavelength semiconductor disk lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(3), 160–181 (2008).

Rautiainen, J.

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, L. Toikkanen, A. Sirbu, A. Mereuta, A. Caliman, E. Kapon, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1.3-µm optically-pumped semiconductor disk laser by wafer fusion,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9047–9052 (2009).
[PubMed]

Reilly, S.

V. G. Savitski, S. Reilly, and A. J. Kemp, “Steady-state raman gain in diamond as a function of pump wavelength,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(2), 218–223 (2013).

Reim, K.

K. C. Lee, B. J. Sussman, J. Nunn, V. O. Lorenz, K. Reim, D. Jaksch, I. A. Walmsley, P. Spizzirri, and S. Prawer, “Comparing phonon dephasing lifetimes in diamond using Transient Coherent Ultrafast Phonon Spectroscopy,” Diamond Related Materials 19(10), 1289–1295 (2010).

Sabella, A.

Sarang, S.

H. Jasbeer, R. J. Williams, O. Kitzler, A. McKay, S. Sarang, J. Lin, and R. P. Mildren, “Birefringence and piezo-Raman analysis of single crystal CVD diamond and effects on Raman laser performance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(3), 56–64 (2016).

O. Lux, S. Sarang, R. J. Williams, A. McKay, and R. P. Mildren, “Single longitudinal mode diamond Raman laser in the eye-safe spectral region for water vapor detection,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27812–27820 (2016).
[PubMed]

Savitski, V. G.

V. G. Savitski, S. Reilly, and A. J. Kemp, “Steady-state raman gain in diamond as a function of pump wavelength,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(2), 218–223 (2013).

Scarsbrook, G. A.

I. Friel, S. L. Clewes, H. K. Dhillon, N. Perkins, D. J. Twitchen, and G. A. Scarsbrook, “Control of surface and bulk crystalline quality in single crystal diamond grown by chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 18(5–8), 808–815 (2009).

Schulz, N.

N. Schulz, J. M. Hopkins, M. Rattunde, D. Burns, and J. Wagner, “High-brightness long-wavelength semiconductor disk lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(3), 160–181 (2008).

Sennaroglu, A.

Sirbu, A.

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, L. Toikkanen, A. Sirbu, A. Mereuta, A. Caliman, E. Kapon, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1.3-µm optically-pumped semiconductor disk laser by wafer fusion,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9047–9052 (2009).
[PubMed]

Smith, S. A.

J.-M. Hopkins, S. A. Smith, C. W. Jeon, H. D. Sun, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouthi, and M. Pessa, “0.6W CW GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface emitting laser operating at 1.32 µm,” Electron. Lett. 40(1), 30–31 (2004).

Sparenberg, M.

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).

Spence, D. J.

Spizzirri, P.

K. C. Lee, B. J. Sussman, J. Nunn, V. O. Lorenz, K. Reim, D. Jaksch, I. A. Walmsley, P. Spizzirri, and S. Prawer, “Comparing phonon dephasing lifetimes in diamond using Transient Coherent Ultrafast Phonon Spectroscopy,” Diamond Related Materials 19(10), 1289–1295 (2010).

Sprague, R.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “Design and characteristics of high-power (<0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561–573 (1999).

Stolz, W.

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).

Sun, H. D.

J.-M. Hopkins, S. A. Smith, C. W. Jeon, H. D. Sun, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouthi, and M. Pessa, “0.6W CW GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface emitting laser operating at 1.32 µm,” Electron. Lett. 40(1), 30–31 (2004).

Sussman, B. J.

K. C. Lee, B. J. Sussman, J. Nunn, V. O. Lorenz, K. Reim, D. Jaksch, I. A. Walmsley, P. Spizzirri, and S. Prawer, “Comparing phonon dephasing lifetimes in diamond using Transient Coherent Ultrafast Phonon Spectroscopy,” Diamond Related Materials 19(10), 1289–1295 (2010).

Tavast, M.

E. Kantola, T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, and M. Guina, “High-efficiency 20 W yellow VECSEL,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6372–6380 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, N. Van Lieu, G. Fetzer, and M. Guina, “1180 nm VECSEL with output power beyond 20 W,” Electron. Lett. 49(1), 59–60 (2013).

Toikkanen, L.

Twitchen, D. J.

I. Friel, S. L. Clewes, H. K. Dhillon, N. Perkins, D. J. Twitchen, and G. A. Scarsbrook, “Control of surface and bulk crystalline quality in single crystal diamond grown by chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 18(5–8), 808–815 (2009).

Van Lieu, N.

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, N. Van Lieu, G. Fetzer, and M. Guina, “1180 nm VECSEL with output power beyond 20 W,” Electron. Lett. 49(1), 59–60 (2013).

Volet, N.

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

Wagner, J.

N. Schulz, J. M. Hopkins, M. Rattunde, D. Burns, and J. Wagner, “High-brightness long-wavelength semiconductor disk lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(3), 160–181 (2008).

Walczak, J.

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

Walmsley, I. A.

K. C. Lee, B. J. Sussman, J. Nunn, V. O. Lorenz, K. Reim, D. Jaksch, I. A. Walmsley, P. Spizzirri, and S. Prawer, “Comparing phonon dephasing lifetimes in diamond using Transient Coherent Ultrafast Phonon Spectroscopy,” Diamond Related Materials 19(10), 1289–1295 (2010).

Wang, J.

Wang, T.-L.

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).

Wasiak, M.

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

Weber, A.

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).

Welford, D.

Williams, R. J.

Zhang, H.

Zhu, Q.

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

Adv. Opt. Technol. (1)

A. Sirbu, N. Volet, A. Mereuta, J. Lyytikäinen, J. Rautiainen, O. Okhotnikov, J. Walczak, M. Wasiak, T. Czyszanowski, A. Caliman, Q. Zhu, V. Iakovlev, and E. Kapon, “Wafer-Fused Optically Pumped VECSELs Emitting in the 1310-nm and 1550-nm Wavebands,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2011, 1–8 (2011).

Adv. Phys. (1)

R. Loudon, “The Raman effect in crystals,” Adv. Phys. 13(52), 423–482 (1964).

Diamond Related Materials (2)

I. Friel, S. L. Clewes, H. K. Dhillon, N. Perkins, D. J. Twitchen, and G. A. Scarsbrook, “Control of surface and bulk crystalline quality in single crystal diamond grown by chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 18(5–8), 808–815 (2009).

K. C. Lee, B. J. Sussman, J. Nunn, V. O. Lorenz, K. Reim, D. Jaksch, I. A. Walmsley, P. Spizzirri, and S. Prawer, “Comparing phonon dephasing lifetimes in diamond using Transient Coherent Ultrafast Phonon Spectroscopy,” Diamond Related Materials 19(10), 1289–1295 (2010).

Electron. Lett. (3)

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516 (2012).

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, N. Van Lieu, G. Fetzer, and M. Guina, “1180 nm VECSEL with output power beyond 20 W,” Electron. Lett. 49(1), 59–60 (2013).

J.-M. Hopkins, S. A. Smith, C. W. Jeon, H. D. Sun, D. Burns, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouthi, and M. Pessa, “0.6W CW GaInNAs vertical external-cavity surface emitting laser operating at 1.32 µm,” Electron. Lett. 40(1), 30–31 (2004).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. G. Savitski, S. Reilly, and A. J. Kemp, “Steady-state raman gain in diamond as a function of pump wavelength,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(2), 218–223 (2013).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (4)

D. J. Spence, “Spatial and Spectral Effects in Continuous-Wave Intracavity Raman Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 134–141 (2015).

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, “Crystalline Raman Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 692–704 (2007).

D. C. Parrotta, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, and J. E. Hastie, “Multiwatt, Continuous-Wave, Tunable Diamond Raman Laser With Intracavity Frequency-Doubling to the Visible Region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1400108 (2013).

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “Design and characteristics of high-power (<0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561–573 (1999).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

A. Sennaroglu, C. R. Pollock, and H. Nathel, “Efficient continuous-wave chromium-doped YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12(5), 930 (1995).

D. Welford and M. A. Jaspan, “Single-frequency operation of a Cr:YAG laser from 1332 to 1554 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(12), 2137–2141 (2004).

H. Jasbeer, R. J. Williams, O. Kitzler, A. McKay, S. Sarang, J. Lin, and R. P. Mildren, “Birefringence and piezo-Raman analysis of single crystal CVD diamond and effects on Raman laser performance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(3), 56–64 (2016).

Laser Photonics Rev. (2)

N. Schulz, J. M. Hopkins, M. Rattunde, D. Burns, and J. Wagner, “High-brightness long-wavelength semiconductor disk lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(3), 160–181 (2008).

S. Calvez, J. E. Hastie, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. D. Dawson, “Semiconductor disk lasers for the generation of visible and ultraviolet radiation,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(5), 407–434 (2009).

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. M. Pask, “The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 3–56 (2003).

Other (1)

D. C. Parrotta, R. Casula, J. Penttinen, T. Leinonen, A. J. Kemp, M. Guina, and J. E. Hastie, “InGaAs-QW VECSEL emitting >1300-nm via intracavity Raman conversion,” in SPIE LASE, K. G. Wilcox, ed. (2016), p. 97340O.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Scheme of the experimental setup of the SDL-pumped Raman laser. HR: high reflector; DM: dichroic mirror; OC: output coupler; DBR: distributed Bragg reflector; HS: heat-spreader.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Raman laser power transfers for output coupler transmission of 1.5% with no etalon (blue triangles), with a 50-µm etalon (red circles), and with both 50 and 100-µm etalons (black squares) in the SDL cavity. (b) The emission spectra of the SDL and Raman lasers at 54 W of absorbed pump power with no etalon (blue), with 50-µm etalon (red), and 50 plus 100-µm etalons (black).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The Raman laser power transfer for ~4% output coupler transmission with the 50-µm and 200-µm thick etalons (red circles) in the SDL cavity. The SDL intracavity power is also shown (blue squares). (b) The emission spectra of the SDL (blue curve) and Raman laser (red curve) with the 50-µm and 200-µm thick etalons at high Raman power.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The tuning range of the intracavity fundamental field (blue squares) for an absorbed pump power of 33 W with 1.5% output coupling of the Raman laser. The straight lines serve as a guide to the eye. (b) The corresponding tuning range of the Raman laser output (red circles) and the estimated round-trip absorption loss due to atmospheric water vapour, calculated for our laboratory conditions using spectroscopic data from the HITRAN database.

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