Abstract

We have demonstrated multi-wavelength generation in a nonlinear photonic crystals of lithium tantalate. The optical parametric generation leads to second harmonic generation, sum-frequency generation and other frequency conversion in a cascade process. These conversions are assisted by all the optical nonlinear process involving χ(2) and achieved by satisfying the quasi-phase matching conditions.

© 2017 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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Corrections

22 November 2017: Typographical corrections were made to the author listing and the author affiliations.


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References

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    [Crossref]
  2. A. Arie, N. Habshoosh, and A. Bahabad, “Quasi phase matching in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystals,” Opt. Quant. Electron. 39, 361–375 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally Poled Lithium Niobate: A Two-Dimensional Nonlinear Photonic Crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345–4348 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. L.-H. Peng and C.-C. Hsu, “Wavelength tunability of second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals with a tetragonal lattice structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3250–3252 (2004).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. M. Conforti, F. Baronio, M. Levenius, and K. Gallo, “Broadband parametric processes in χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett. 39, 3457–3460 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2015 (1)

X. Fang, D. Wei, D. Liu, W. Zhong, R. Ni, Z. Chen, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, and M. Xiao, “Multiple copies of orbital angular momentum states through second-harmonic generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 161102 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, and K. Gallo, “Angular degrees of freedom in twin-beam parametric down-conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121114 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Witte and K. S. E. Eikema, “Ultrafast Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 296–307 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2007 (1)

A. Arie, N. Habshoosh, and A. Bahabad, “Quasi phase matching in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystals,” Opt. Quant. Electron. 39, 361–375 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

S. Carrasco, A. V. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Spectral engineering of entangled two-photon states,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063802 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

C.-Q. Xu and B. Chen, “Cascaded wavelength conversions based on sum-frequency generation and difference-frequency generation,” Opt. Lett. 29, 292–294 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-H. Peng and C.-C. Hsu, “Wavelength tunability of second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals with a tetragonal lattice structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3250–3252 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally Poled Lithium Niobate: A Two-Dimensional Nonlinear Photonic Crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345–4348 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

V. Berger, “Nonlinear Photonic Crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4136–4139 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Arie, A.

A. Arie, N. Habshoosh, and A. Bahabad, “Quasi phase matching in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystals,” Opt. Quant. Electron. 39, 361–375 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bahabad, A.

A. Arie, N. Habshoosh, and A. Bahabad, “Quasi phase matching in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystals,” Opt. Quant. Electron. 39, 361–375 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bai, Y. F.

Baronio, F.

Berger, V.

V. Berger, “Nonlinear Photonic Crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4136–4139 (1998).
[Crossref]

Blau, P.

Boudrioua, A.

Broderick, N. G. R.

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally Poled Lithium Niobate: A Two-Dimensional Nonlinear Photonic Crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345–4348 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bruner, A.

Carrasco, S.

S. Carrasco, A. V. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Spectral engineering of entangled two-photon states,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

Chen, L.

Chen, Z.

X. Fang, D. Wei, D. Liu, W. Zhong, R. Ni, Z. Chen, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, and M. Xiao, “Multiple copies of orbital angular momentum states through second-harmonic generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 161102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Conforti, M.

Courtois, B.

Curl, R. F.

Dai, M.

Eger, D.

Eikema, K. S. E.

S. Witte and K. S. E. Eikema, “Ultrafast Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 296–307 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fang, X.

X. Fang, D. Wei, D. Liu, W. Zhong, R. Ni, Z. Chen, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, and M. Xiao, “Multiple copies of orbital angular momentum states through second-harmonic generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 161102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fischer, A.

Gallo, K.

M. Conforti, F. Baronio, M. Levenius, and K. Gallo, “Broadband parametric processes in χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett. 39, 3457–3460 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, and K. Gallo, “Angular degrees of freedom in twin-beam parametric down-conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121114 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, and K. Gallo, “Ultra-broadband optical parametric generation in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3,” Opt. Express 19, 4121–4128 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, and K. Gallo, “Cascaded up-conversion of twin-beam OPG in nonlinear photonic crystals,” in “2013 Conference on Lasers Electro-Optics Europe International Quantum Electronics Conference CLEO EUROPE/IQEC,” (2013), pp. 1.

Habshoosh, N.

A. Arie, N. Habshoosh, and A. Bahabad, “Quasi phase matching in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystals,” Opt. Quant. Electron. 39, 361–375 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hanna, D. C.

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally Poled Lithium Niobate: A Two-Dimensional Nonlinear Photonic Crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345–4348 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, C.-C.

L.-H. Peng and C.-C. Hsu, “Wavelength tunability of second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals with a tetragonal lattice structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3250–3252 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hu, I.-N.

Hu, X.

X. Fang, D. Wei, D. Liu, W. Zhong, R. Ni, Z. Chen, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, and M. Xiao, “Multiple copies of orbital angular momentum states through second-harmonic generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 161102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, Z.-X.

Jundt, D.

Katz, M.

Koynov, K.

Kung, A.-H.

Lai, C.-M.

Lai, Y.-Y.

Laurell, F.

Lazoul, M.

Lee, M. W.

Leng, H. Y.

Levenius, M.

M. Conforti, F. Baronio, M. Levenius, and K. Gallo, “Broadband parametric processes in χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett. 39, 3457–3460 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, and K. Gallo, “Angular degrees of freedom in twin-beam parametric down-conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121114 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, and K. Gallo, “Ultra-broadband optical parametric generation in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3,” Opt. Express 19, 4121–4128 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, and K. Gallo, “Cascaded up-conversion of twin-beam OPG in nonlinear photonic crystals,” in “2013 Conference on Lasers Electro-Optics Europe International Quantum Electronics Conference CLEO EUROPE/IQEC,” (2013), pp. 1.

Li, C.

Li, X.

W. Q. Zhang, F. Yang, and X. Li, “Double quasi phase matching for both optical parametric oscillator and difference frequency generation,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1406–1411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, D.

X. Fang, D. Wei, D. Liu, W. Zhong, R. Ni, Z. Chen, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, and M. Xiao, “Multiple copies of orbital angular momentum states through second-harmonic generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 161102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, M. H.

Luo, X. W.

Lv, X. J.

Mériche, F.

Mine, Y.

Ni, R.

X. Fang, D. Wei, D. Liu, W. Zhong, R. Ni, Z. Chen, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, and M. Xiao, “Multiple copies of orbital angular momentum states through second-harmonic generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 161102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ntsoenzok, E.

Offerhaus, H. L.

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally Poled Lithium Niobate: A Two-Dimensional Nonlinear Photonic Crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345–4348 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oron, M. B.

Pasiskevicius, V.

M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, and K. Gallo, “Angular degrees of freedom in twin-beam parametric down-conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121114 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, and K. Gallo, “Ultra-broadband optical parametric generation in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3,” Opt. Express 19, 4121–4128 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, and K. Gallo, “Cascaded up-conversion of twin-beam OPG in nonlinear photonic crystals,” in “2013 Conference on Lasers Electro-Optics Europe International Quantum Electronics Conference CLEO EUROPE/IQEC,” (2013), pp. 1.

Peng, L.-H.

Petrov, K. P.

Richardson, D. J.

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally Poled Lithium Niobate: A Two-Dimensional Nonlinear Photonic Crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345–4348 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ripault, Q.

Ross, G. W.

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally Poled Lithium Niobate: A Two-Dimensional Nonlinear Photonic Crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345–4348 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruschin, S.

Saleh, B. E. A.

S. Carrasco, A. V. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Spectral engineering of entangled two-photon states,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Saltiel, S. M.

Sergienko, A. V.

S. Carrasco, A. V. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Spectral engineering of entangled two-photon states,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sheng, Y.

Simohamed, L. M.

Teich, M. C.

S. Carrasco, A. V. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Spectral engineering of entangled two-photon states,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tittel, F. K.

Töpfer, T.

Torner, L.

S. Carrasco, A. V. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Spectral engineering of entangled two-photon states,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Torres, J. P.

S. Carrasco, A. V. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Spectral engineering of entangled two-photon states,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Touam, T.

Wang, J. F.

Wei, D.

X. Fang, D. Wei, D. Liu, W. Zhong, R. Ni, Z. Chen, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, and M. Xiao, “Multiple copies of orbital angular momentum states through second-harmonic generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 161102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Witte, S.

S. Witte and K. S. E. Eikema, “Ultrafast Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 296–307 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xiao, M.

X. Fang, D. Wei, D. Liu, W. Zhong, R. Ni, Z. Chen, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, and M. Xiao, “Multiple copies of orbital angular momentum states through second-harmonic generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 161102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xie, Z. D.

Xu, C.-Q.

Xu, P.

Yang, F.

W. Q. Zhang, F. Yang, and X. Li, “Double quasi phase matching for both optical parametric oscillator and difference frequency generation,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1406–1411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W. Q.

W. Q. Zhang, F. Yang, and X. Li, “Double quasi phase matching for both optical parametric oscillator and difference frequency generation,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1406–1411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

X. Fang, D. Wei, D. Liu, W. Zhong, R. Ni, Z. Chen, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, and M. Xiao, “Multiple copies of orbital angular momentum states through second-harmonic generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 161102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J. S.

Zhong, M. L.

Zhong, W.

X. Fang, D. Wei, D. Liu, W. Zhong, R. Ni, Z. Chen, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, and M. Xiao, “Multiple copies of orbital angular momentum states through second-harmonic generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 161102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, S. N.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

X. Fang, D. Wei, D. Liu, W. Zhong, R. Ni, Z. Chen, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, and M. Xiao, “Multiple copies of orbital angular momentum states through second-harmonic generation in a two-dimensional periodically poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 161102 (2015).
[Crossref]

L.-H. Peng and C.-C. Hsu, “Wavelength tunability of second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals with a tetragonal lattice structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3250–3252 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, and K. Gallo, “Angular degrees of freedom in twin-beam parametric down-conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121114 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Witte and K. S. E. Eikema, “Ultrafast Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 296–307 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Q. Zhang, F. Yang, and X. Li, “Double quasi phase matching for both optical parametric oscillator and difference frequency generation,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1406–1411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt. Quant. Electron. (1)

A. Arie, N. Habshoosh, and A. Bahabad, “Quasi phase matching in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystals,” Opt. Quant. Electron. 39, 361–375 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. Carrasco, A. V. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Spectral engineering of entangled two-photon states,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

V. Berger, “Nonlinear Photonic Crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4136–4139 (1998).
[Crossref]

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally Poled Lithium Niobate: A Two-Dimensional Nonlinear Photonic Crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345–4348 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. Levenius, V. Pasiskevicius, and K. Gallo, “Cascaded up-conversion of twin-beam OPG in nonlinear photonic crystals,” in “2013 Conference on Lasers Electro-Optics Europe International Quantum Electronics Conference CLEO EUROPE/IQEC,” (2013), pp. 1.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) 2D PPLT: view on Z+. (b) Experimental setup. OSA: Optical Spectrum Analyser.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Spectrum with the signal (787 nm) and idler (1640 nm) measured with a peak power of 16 kW. (b) Wavelength tuneability of the signal and idler vs. temperature.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Full spectrum measured at a peak power of 40 kW with a resolution of 5 nm from 350 nm to 1750 nm at 110 °C. The inset is a zoom-in spectrum around 400 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) SH power vs sample temperature and an image of the blue light. (b) SH power vs signal power in Log scale (dBm).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Wavelength tuning as a function of the temperature for SHG and the SFG processes.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Energy map from 7 µJ (49 MW/cm2) to 37 µJ (261 MW/cm2).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 QPM features of cascaded nonlinear interactions in 2D-PPLT where refractive index may change with the pump intensity, leading to effective change in the QPM periodicity and then giving rise to additional OPG processes 2 and 3.

Equations (2)

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1 λ p 1 λ s 1 λ i = 0
n p ( λ p , T ) λ p n s ( λ s , T ) λ s n i ( λ i , T ) λ i m 2 + n 2 Λ = 0

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