Abstract

A 1x2 multi-mode-interferometer (MMI) laser diode was successfully designed and fabricated, which demonstrated three coherent outputs of tunable single frequency emission with more than 30dB side mode suppression ratio (SMSR), a tuning range of 25nm in C and L band, as well as 750 kHz linewidth. This 1x2 MMI laser could be expanded to more advanced configurations such as 1xN or MxN (M≥1, N>2) MMI lasers to achieve a multiple coherent output source. In addition, these lasers do not require material regrowth and high resolution gratings which can significantly increase the yield and reduce the cost.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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  19. https://optics.synopsys.com/rsoft/rsoft-passive-device-beamprop.html

2015 (3)

L. Q. Yu, D. Lu, B. W. Pan, L. M. Zhang, L. Guo, Z. S. Li, and L. J. Zhao, “Widely tunable narrow-linewidth lasers using self-injection DBR lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 50–53 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, J. Wu, L. Zhao, X. Luo, and Q. J. Wang, “Ground-state lasing in high-power InAs/GaAs quantum dots-in-a-well laser using active multimode interference structure,” Opt. Lett. 40(1), 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. E. Morrissey, H. Yang, R. N. Sheehan, B. Corbett, and F. H. Peters, “Design and fabrication tolerance analysis of multimode interference couplers,” Opt. Commun. 340, 26–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

C. Zhang, S. Liang, H. L. Zhu, L. S. Han, and W. Wang, “Multichannel DFB Laser Arrays Fabricated by Upper SCH Layer SAG Technique,” J. Quantum. Electron. 50(2), 92–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Han, S. Liang, H. Wang, L. Qiao, J. Xu, L. Zhao, H. Zhu, B. Wang, and W. Wang, “Electroabsorption-modulated widely tunable DBR laser transmitter for WDM-PONs,” Opt. Express 22(24), 30368–30376 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

T. Yang, K. Pandey, M. Giudici, and D. Wilkowski, “Injection locking of a semiconductor laser to a multi-frequency reference,” Eur. Phys. J. D 68(7), 5875 (2013).

2012 (1)

Y. Hinokuma, Y. Chaen, H. S. Jiang, T. Hagio, S. Nakamura, A. Tagima, and K. Hamamoto, “CW single-wavelength emission by using novel asymmetric configuration for active multi-mode interferometer laser diode,” IEICE Electron. Express 9(18), 1448–1453 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, J. H. Sinsky, A. L. Adamiecki, N. J. Sauer, and G. Raybon, “Compact High-Speed InP DQPSK,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1184–1186 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

K. Hamamoto, E. Gini, C. Holtmann, and H. Melchior, “Single-transverse-mode active multi-mode interferometer 1.45 μm high power laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 73(5-6), 571–574 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic tunable diode lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 988–999 (2000).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[Crossref]

B. Corbett and D. McDonald, “Single longitudinal mode ridge waveguides 1.3μm Fabry–Perot laser by modal perturbation,” Electron. Lett. 31(25), 2181–2182 (1995).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

Abdullaev, A.

Adamczyk, O.

Adamiecki, A. L.

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, J. H. Sinsky, A. L. Adamiecki, N. J. Sauer, and G. Raybon, “Compact High-Speed InP DQPSK,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1184–1186 (2007).
[Crossref]

Barry, L. P.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brewer, L. R.

Chaen, Y.

Y. Hinokuma, Y. Chaen, H. S. Jiang, T. Hagio, S. Nakamura, A. Tagima, and K. Hamamoto, “CW single-wavelength emission by using novel asymmetric configuration for active multi-mode interferometer laser diode,” IEICE Electron. Express 9(18), 1448–1453 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

Coldren, L. A.

L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic tunable diode lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 988–999 (2000).
[Crossref]

Corbett, B.

P. E. Morrissey, H. Yang, R. N. Sheehan, B. Corbett, and F. H. Peters, “Design and fabrication tolerance analysis of multimode interference couplers,” Opt. Commun. 340, 26–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Corbett and D. McDonald, “Single longitudinal mode ridge waveguides 1.3μm Fabry–Perot laser by modal perturbation,” Electron. Lett. 31(25), 2181–2182 (1995).
[Crossref]

Daunt, C.

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, J. H. Sinsky, A. L. Adamiecki, N. J. Sauer, and G. Raybon, “Compact High-Speed InP DQPSK,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1184–1186 (2007).
[Crossref]

Donegan, J. F.

Gini, E.

K. Hamamoto, E. Gini, C. Holtmann, and H. Melchior, “Single-transverse-mode active multi-mode interferometer 1.45 μm high power laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 73(5-6), 571–574 (2001).
[Crossref]

Giudici, M.

T. Yang, K. Pandey, M. Giudici, and D. Wilkowski, “Injection locking of a semiconductor laser to a multi-frequency reference,” Eur. Phys. J. D 68(7), 5875 (2013).

Guignard, C.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Guo, L.

L. Q. Yu, D. Lu, B. W. Pan, L. M. Zhang, L. Guo, Z. S. Li, and L. J. Zhao, “Widely tunable narrow-linewidth lasers using self-injection DBR lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 50–53 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, W.

Hagio, T.

Y. Hinokuma, Y. Chaen, H. S. Jiang, T. Hagio, S. Nakamura, A. Tagima, and K. Hamamoto, “CW single-wavelength emission by using novel asymmetric configuration for active multi-mode interferometer laser diode,” IEICE Electron. Express 9(18), 1448–1453 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hamamoto, K.

Y. Hinokuma, Y. Chaen, H. S. Jiang, T. Hagio, S. Nakamura, A. Tagima, and K. Hamamoto, “CW single-wavelength emission by using novel asymmetric configuration for active multi-mode interferometer laser diode,” IEICE Electron. Express 9(18), 1448–1453 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Hamamoto, E. Gini, C. Holtmann, and H. Melchior, “Single-transverse-mode active multi-mode interferometer 1.45 μm high power laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 73(5-6), 571–574 (2001).
[Crossref]

Han, L.

Han, L. S.

C. Zhang, S. Liang, H. L. Zhu, L. S. Han, and W. Wang, “Multichannel DFB Laser Arrays Fabricated by Upper SCH Layer SAG Technique,” J. Quantum. Electron. 50(2), 92–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Herath, V.

Herbert, C.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hinokuma, Y.

Y. Hinokuma, Y. Chaen, H. S. Jiang, T. Hagio, S. Nakamura, A. Tagima, and K. Hamamoto, “CW single-wavelength emission by using novel asymmetric configuration for active multi-mode interferometer laser diode,” IEICE Electron. Express 9(18), 1448–1453 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, S.

Holtmann, C.

K. Hamamoto, E. Gini, C. Holtmann, and H. Melchior, “Single-transverse-mode active multi-mode interferometer 1.45 μm high power laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 73(5-6), 571–574 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H. S.

Y. Hinokuma, Y. Chaen, H. S. Jiang, T. Hagio, S. Nakamura, A. Tagima, and K. Hamamoto, “CW single-wavelength emission by using novel asymmetric configuration for active multi-mode interferometer laser diode,” IEICE Electron. Express 9(18), 1448–1453 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jones, D.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, A.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kelly, B.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Li, Z. S.

L. Q. Yu, D. Lu, B. W. Pan, L. M. Zhang, L. Guo, Z. S. Li, and L. J. Zhao, “Widely tunable narrow-linewidth lasers using self-injection DBR lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 50–53 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liang, S.

C. Zhang, S. Liang, H. L. Zhu, L. S. Han, and W. Wang, “Multichannel DFB Laser Arrays Fabricated by Upper SCH Layer SAG Technique,” J. Quantum. Electron. 50(2), 92–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Han, S. Liang, H. Wang, L. Qiao, J. Xu, L. Zhao, H. Zhu, B. Wang, and W. Wang, “Electroabsorption-modulated widely tunable DBR laser transmitter for WDM-PONs,” Opt. Express 22(24), 30368–30376 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, D.

L. Q. Yu, D. Lu, B. W. Pan, L. M. Zhang, L. Guo, Z. S. Li, and L. J. Zhao, “Widely tunable narrow-linewidth lasers using self-injection DBR lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 50–53 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, Q.

Luo, X.

Lynch, M.

McDonald, D.

B. Corbett and D. McDonald, “Single longitudinal mode ridge waveguides 1.3μm Fabry–Perot laser by modal perturbation,” Electron. Lett. 31(25), 2181–2182 (1995).
[Crossref]

Melchior, H.

K. Hamamoto, E. Gini, C. Holtmann, and H. Melchior, “Single-transverse-mode active multi-mode interferometer 1.45 μm high power laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 73(5-6), 571–574 (2001).
[Crossref]

Morrissey, P. E.

P. E. Morrissey, H. Yang, R. N. Sheehan, B. Corbett, and F. H. Peters, “Design and fabrication tolerance analysis of multimode interference couplers,” Opt. Commun. 340, 26–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, S.

Y. Hinokuma, Y. Chaen, H. S. Jiang, T. Hagio, S. Nakamura, A. Tagima, and K. Hamamoto, “CW single-wavelength emission by using novel asymmetric configuration for active multi-mode interferometer laser diode,” IEICE Electron. Express 9(18), 1448–1453 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nawrocka, M.

Noé, R.

O’Callaghan, J.

O’Carroll, J.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

O’Gorman, J.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pan, B. W.

L. Q. Yu, D. Lu, B. W. Pan, L. M. Zhang, L. Guo, Z. S. Li, and L. J. Zhao, “Widely tunable narrow-linewidth lasers using self-injection DBR lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 50–53 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pandey, K.

T. Yang, K. Pandey, M. Giudici, and D. Wilkowski, “Injection locking of a semiconductor laser to a multi-frequency reference,” Eur. Phys. J. D 68(7), 5875 (2013).

Pennings, E. C. M.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[Crossref]

Perry, P.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Peters, F.

Peters, F. H.

P. E. Morrissey, H. Yang, R. N. Sheehan, B. Corbett, and F. H. Peters, “Design and fabrication tolerance analysis of multimode interference couplers,” Opt. Commun. 340, 26–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peveling, R.

Pfau, T.

Phelan, R.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Porrmann, M.

Qiao, L.

Raybon, G.

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, J. H. Sinsky, A. L. Adamiecki, N. J. Sauer, and G. Raybon, “Compact High-Speed InP DQPSK,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1184–1186 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rensing, M.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sauer, N. J.

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, J. H. Sinsky, A. L. Adamiecki, N. J. Sauer, and G. Raybon, “Compact High-Speed InP DQPSK,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1184–1186 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sheehan, R. N.

P. E. Morrissey, H. Yang, R. N. Sheehan, B. Corbett, and F. H. Peters, “Design and fabrication tolerance analysis of multimode interference couplers,” Opt. Commun. 340, 26–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sinsky, J. H.

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, J. H. Sinsky, A. L. Adamiecki, N. J. Sauer, and G. Raybon, “Compact High-Speed InP DQPSK,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1184–1186 (2007).
[Crossref]

Soldano, L. B.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tagima, A.

Y. Hinokuma, Y. Chaen, H. S. Jiang, T. Hagio, S. Nakamura, A. Tagima, and K. Hamamoto, “CW single-wavelength emission by using novel asymmetric configuration for active multi-mode interferometer laser diode,” IEICE Electron. Express 9(18), 1448–1453 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

Wang, H.

Wang, Q. J.

Wang, W.

L. Han, S. Liang, H. Wang, L. Qiao, J. Xu, L. Zhao, H. Zhu, B. Wang, and W. Wang, “Electroabsorption-modulated widely tunable DBR laser transmitter for WDM-PONs,” Opt. Express 22(24), 30368–30376 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhang, S. Liang, H. L. Zhu, L. S. Han, and W. Wang, “Multichannel DFB Laser Arrays Fabricated by Upper SCH Layer SAG Technique,” J. Quantum. Electron. 50(2), 92–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Watts, C. B.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Weldon, V.

Wendelboe, J.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, and J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43(23), 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wilkowski, D.

T. Yang, K. Pandey, M. Giudici, and D. Wilkowski, “Injection locking of a semiconductor laser to a multi-frequency reference,” Eur. Phys. J. D 68(7), 5875 (2013).

Winzer, P. J.

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, J. H. Sinsky, A. L. Adamiecki, N. J. Sauer, and G. Raybon, “Compact High-Speed InP DQPSK,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1184–1186 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

Xu, J.

Yang, H.

P. E. Morrissey, H. Yang, R. N. Sheehan, B. Corbett, and F. H. Peters, “Design and fabrication tolerance analysis of multimode interference couplers,” Opt. Commun. 340, 26–32 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, T.

T. Yang, K. Pandey, M. Giudici, and D. Wilkowski, “Injection locking of a semiconductor laser to a multi-frequency reference,” Eur. Phys. J. D 68(7), 5875 (2013).

Yu, L. Q.

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Zhao, L. J.

L. Q. Yu, D. Lu, B. W. Pan, L. M. Zhang, L. Guo, Z. S. Li, and L. J. Zhao, “Widely tunable narrow-linewidth lasers using self-injection DBR lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 50–53 (2015).
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[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 3D configuration of the 1x2 MMI laser diode.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulated optical transmission (a) and waveguide modes (b), (c) of the 1X2 MMI. In this simulation, the structure does not include the SiO2 passivation layer and metal layer.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Measured optical power and voltage vs. biasing current. Inset of (b) is the microscopic picture of a wired bonded 1x2 MMI laser.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a), (b), (c) are the measured lasing spectra of the 1x2 MMI laser under different biasing conditions shown in each plots; (d) is the Fourier analysis of the spectrum shown in Fig. 4(a).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) and (b): measured spectra of device B, and (c): analysis of spectra (a) and (b) with the Fourier transform method, where the dotted line corresponds to (a) and solid line corresponds to (b).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The lasing wavelength tuning map of the 1x2 MMI lasers.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Lasing spectra of light from MMI and the arms under same biasing condition.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Measured linewidth spectrum and the Lorentzian fit.

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