Abstract

In this paper, an analytical and numerical study of a new type of electromagnetic absorber, operating in the infrared and optical regime, is proposed. Absorption is obtained by exploiting Epsilon-Near-Zero materials. The structure electromagnetic properties are analytically described by using a new closed-form formula. In this way, it is possible to correlate the electromagnetic absorption properties of the structure with its geometrical characteristics. Good agreement between analytical and numerical results was achieved. Moreover, an absorption in a wide angle range (0°-80°), for different resonant frequencies (multi-band) with a large frequency bandwidth (wideband) for small structure thicknesses (d = λp/4) is obtained.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (2)

S. Zhong and S. He, “Ultrathin and lightweight microwave absorbers made of mu-near-zero metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 3(2083), 2083 (2013).
[PubMed]

H. Caglayan, S.-H. Hong, B. Edwards, C. R. Kagan, and N. Engheta, “Near-infrared metatronic nanocircuits by design,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 073904 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

Y. R. Padooru, A. B. Yakovlev, C. S. R. Kaipa, G. W. Hanson, F. Medina, F. Mesa, and A. W. Glisson, “New absorbing boundary conditions and analytical model for multilayered mushroom-type metamaterials: applications to wideband absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 5727–5742 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Feng and K. Halterman, “Coherent perfect absorption in epsilon-near-zero metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 86(16), 165103 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “One-atom-thick reflectors for surface plasmon polariton surface waves on graphene,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3428–3430 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

Y. Jin, S. Xiao, N. A. Mortensen, and S. He, “Arbitrarily thin metamaterial structure for perfect absorption and giant magnification,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11114–11119 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Halterman, S. Feng, and V. C. Nguyen, “Controlled leaky wave radiation from anisotropic epsilon near zero metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075162 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. V. Naik, J. Kim, and A. Boltasseva, “Oxides and nitrides as alternative plasmonic materials in the optical range,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(6), 1090–1099 (2011).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (7)

Y. Q. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Omnidirectional, polarization-insensitive and broadband thin absorber in the terahertz regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27(3), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. H. Li, H. L. Yang, X. W. Hou, Y. Tian, and D. Y. Hou, “Perfect metamaterial absorber with dual bands,” PIER 108, 37–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhu, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Dual band switchable metamaterial electromagnetic absorber,” PIER B 24, 121–129 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

A. Namai, S. Sakurai, M. Nakajima, T. Suemoto, K. Matsumoto, M. Goto, S. Sasaki, and S. Ohkoshi, “Synthesis of an electromagnetic wave absorber for high-speed wireless communication,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(3), 1170–1173 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on negative index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(4), 045131 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

E. Popov, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, M. Nevière, M. C. Hutley, and G. H. Derrick, “Total absorption of unpolarized light by crossed gratings,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6146–6155 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Bingham, H. Tao, X. Liu, R. D. Averitt, X. Zhang, and W. J. Padilla, “Planar wallpaper group metamaterials for novel terahertz applications,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18565–18575 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (5)

B. Munk, P. Munk, and J. Pryor, “On designing Jaumann and Circuit Analog absorbers (CA absorbers) for oblique angle of incidence,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(1), 186–193 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75(15), 155410 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. G. Silveirinha and N. Engheta, “Theory of supercoupling, squeezing wave energy, and field confinement in narrow channels and tight bends using ε near-zero metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245109 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Alù, F. Bilotti, N. Engheta, and L. Vegni, “Sub-wavelength planar leaky-wave components with metamaterial bilayers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(3), 882–891 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Tretyakov, “On geometrical scaling of split-ring and double-bar resonators at optical frequencies, Metamaterials,” Metamaterials (Amst.) 1(1), 40–43 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, “High performance midinfrared narrow-band plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173116 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

1973 (1)

W. H. Emerson, “Electromagnetic wave absorbers and anechoic chambers through the years,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 21(4), 484–490 (1973).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

1959 (1)

W. G. Spitzer, D. Kleinman, and D. Walsh, “Infrared properties of hexagonal silicon carbide,” Phys. Rev. 113(1), 127–132 (1959).
[Crossref]

Alù, A.

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75(15), 155410 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Alù, F. Bilotti, N. Engheta, and L. Vegni, “Sub-wavelength planar leaky-wave components with metamaterial bilayers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(3), 882–891 (2007).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(517), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Averitt, R. D.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. M. Bingham, H. Tao, X. Liu, R. D. Averitt, X. Zhang, and W. J. Padilla, “Planar wallpaper group metamaterials for novel terahertz applications,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18565–18575 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Avitzour, Y.

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on negative index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(4), 045131 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(517), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barrett, J. P.

S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bilotti, F.

A. Alù, F. Bilotti, N. Engheta, and L. Vegni, “Sub-wavelength planar leaky-wave components with metamaterial bilayers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(3), 882–891 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bingham, C. M.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. M. Bingham, H. Tao, X. Liu, R. D. Averitt, X. Zhang, and W. J. Padilla, “Planar wallpaper group metamaterials for novel terahertz applications,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18565–18575 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bolivar, P.

Boltasseva, A.

Briggs, R. M.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(517), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Caglayan, H.

H. Caglayan, S.-H. Hong, B. Edwards, C. R. Kagan, and N. Engheta, “Near-infrared metatronic nanocircuits by design,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 073904 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, Y. T.

M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, “High performance midinfrared narrow-band plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Chuang, T. H.

M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, “High performance midinfrared narrow-band plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cummer, S. A.

S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
[Crossref]

Derrick, G. H.

Edwards, B.

H. Caglayan, S.-H. Hong, B. Edwards, C. R. Kagan, and N. Engheta, “Near-infrared metatronic nanocircuits by design,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 073904 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Emerson, W. H.

W. H. Emerson, “Electromagnetic wave absorbers and anechoic chambers through the years,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 21(4), 484–490 (1973).
[Crossref]

Engheta, N.

H. Caglayan, S.-H. Hong, B. Edwards, C. R. Kagan, and N. Engheta, “Near-infrared metatronic nanocircuits by design,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 073904 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “One-atom-thick reflectors for surface plasmon polariton surface waves on graphene,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3428–3430 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Alù, F. Bilotti, N. Engheta, and L. Vegni, “Sub-wavelength planar leaky-wave components with metamaterial bilayers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(3), 882–891 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75(15), 155410 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. G. Silveirinha and N. Engheta, “Theory of supercoupling, squeezing wave energy, and field confinement in narrow channels and tight bends using ε near-zero metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fan, K.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Feng, S.

S. Feng and K. Halterman, “Coherent perfect absorption in epsilon-near-zero metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 86(16), 165103 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Halterman, S. Feng, and V. C. Nguyen, “Controlled leaky wave radiation from anisotropic epsilon near zero metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075162 (2011).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

B. Zhu, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Dual band switchable metamaterial electromagnetic absorber,” PIER B 24, 121–129 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ferry, V. E.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(517), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Glisson, A. W.

Y. R. Padooru, A. B. Yakovlev, C. S. R. Kaipa, G. W. Hanson, F. Medina, F. Mesa, and A. W. Glisson, “New absorbing boundary conditions and analytical model for multilayered mushroom-type metamaterials: applications to wideband absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 5727–5742 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gómez Rivas, J.

Goto, M.

A. Namai, S. Sakurai, M. Nakajima, T. Suemoto, K. Matsumoto, M. Goto, S. Sasaki, and S. Ohkoshi, “Synthesis of an electromagnetic wave absorber for high-speed wireless communication,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(3), 1170–1173 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, S.

S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
[Crossref]

Halterman, K.

S. Feng and K. Halterman, “Coherent perfect absorption in epsilon-near-zero metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 86(16), 165103 (2012).
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K. Halterman, S. Feng, and V. C. Nguyen, “Controlled leaky wave radiation from anisotropic epsilon near zero metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075162 (2011).
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S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
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Y. R. Padooru, A. B. Yakovlev, C. S. R. Kaipa, G. W. Hanson, F. Medina, F. Mesa, and A. W. Glisson, “New absorbing boundary conditions and analytical model for multilayered mushroom-type metamaterials: applications to wideband absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 5727–5742 (2012).
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Hao, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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S. Zhong and S. He, “Ultrathin and lightweight microwave absorbers made of mu-near-zero metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 3(2083), 2083 (2013).
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Y. Jin, S. Xiao, N. A. Mortensen, and S. He, “Arbitrarily thin metamaterial structure for perfect absorption and giant magnification,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11114–11119 (2011).
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Y. Q. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Omnidirectional, polarization-insensitive and broadband thin absorber in the terahertz regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27(3), 498–504 (2010).
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H. Caglayan, S.-H. Hong, B. Edwards, C. R. Kagan, and N. Engheta, “Near-infrared metatronic nanocircuits by design,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 073904 (2013).
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M. H. Li, H. L. Yang, X. W. Hou, Y. Tian, and D. Y. Hou, “Perfect metamaterial absorber with dual bands,” PIER 108, 37–49 (2010).
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Hou, X. W.

M. H. Li, H. L. Yang, X. W. Hou, Y. Tian, and D. Y. Hou, “Perfect metamaterial absorber with dual bands,” PIER 108, 37–49 (2010).
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B. Zhu, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Dual band switchable metamaterial electromagnetic absorber,” PIER B 24, 121–129 (2010).
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Janke, C.

Jiang, T.

B. Zhu, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Dual band switchable metamaterial electromagnetic absorber,” PIER B 24, 121–129 (2010).
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Jin, Y.

Y. Jin, S. Xiao, N. A. Mortensen, and S. He, “Arbitrarily thin metamaterial structure for perfect absorption and giant magnification,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11114–11119 (2011).
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Y. Q. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Omnidirectional, polarization-insensitive and broadband thin absorber in the terahertz regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27(3), 498–504 (2010).
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X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
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H. Caglayan, S.-H. Hong, B. Edwards, C. R. Kagan, and N. Engheta, “Near-infrared metatronic nanocircuits by design,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 073904 (2013).
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Y. R. Padooru, A. B. Yakovlev, C. S. R. Kaipa, G. W. Hanson, F. Medina, F. Mesa, and A. W. Glisson, “New absorbing boundary conditions and analytical model for multilayered mushroom-type metamaterials: applications to wideband absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 5727–5742 (2012).
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Kim, J.

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W. G. Spitzer, D. Kleinman, and D. Walsh, “Infrared properties of hexagonal silicon carbide,” Phys. Rev. 113(1), 127–132 (1959).
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Kurz, H.

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
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H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
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Lee, S. C.

M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, “High performance midinfrared narrow-band plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173116 (2006).
[Crossref]

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M. H. Li, H. L. Yang, X. W. Hou, Y. Tian, and D. Y. Hou, “Perfect metamaterial absorber with dual bands,” PIER 108, 37–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
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J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Bingham, H. Tao, X. Liu, R. D. Averitt, X. Zhang, and W. J. Padilla, “Planar wallpaper group metamaterials for novel terahertz applications,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18565–18575 (2008).
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Matsumoto, K.

A. Namai, S. Sakurai, M. Nakajima, T. Suemoto, K. Matsumoto, M. Goto, S. Sasaki, and S. Ohkoshi, “Synthesis of an electromagnetic wave absorber for high-speed wireless communication,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(3), 1170–1173 (2009).
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Maystre, D.

McPhedran, R. C.

Medina, F.

Y. R. Padooru, A. B. Yakovlev, C. S. R. Kaipa, G. W. Hanson, F. Medina, F. Mesa, and A. W. Glisson, “New absorbing boundary conditions and analytical model for multilayered mushroom-type metamaterials: applications to wideband absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 5727–5742 (2012).
[Crossref]

Meng, C. Y.

M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, “High performance midinfrared narrow-band plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173116 (2006).
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Mesa, F.

Y. R. Padooru, A. B. Yakovlev, C. S. R. Kaipa, G. W. Hanson, F. Medina, F. Mesa, and A. W. Glisson, “New absorbing boundary conditions and analytical model for multilayered mushroom-type metamaterials: applications to wideband absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 5727–5742 (2012).
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N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
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Mortensen, N. A.

Munk, B.

B. Munk, P. Munk, and J. Pryor, “On designing Jaumann and Circuit Analog absorbers (CA absorbers) for oblique angle of incidence,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(1), 186–193 (2007).
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Munk, P.

B. Munk, P. Munk, and J. Pryor, “On designing Jaumann and Circuit Analog absorbers (CA absorbers) for oblique angle of incidence,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(1), 186–193 (2007).
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Naik, G. V.

Nakajima, M.

A. Namai, S. Sakurai, M. Nakajima, T. Suemoto, K. Matsumoto, M. Goto, S. Sasaki, and S. Ohkoshi, “Synthesis of an electromagnetic wave absorber for high-speed wireless communication,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(3), 1170–1173 (2009).
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Namai, A.

A. Namai, S. Sakurai, M. Nakajima, T. Suemoto, K. Matsumoto, M. Goto, S. Sasaki, and S. Ohkoshi, “Synthesis of an electromagnetic wave absorber for high-speed wireless communication,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(3), 1170–1173 (2009).
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Nevière, M.

Nguyen, V. C.

K. Halterman, S. Feng, and V. C. Nguyen, “Controlled leaky wave radiation from anisotropic epsilon near zero metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075162 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ohkoshi, S.

A. Namai, S. Sakurai, M. Nakajima, T. Suemoto, K. Matsumoto, M. Goto, S. Sasaki, and S. Ohkoshi, “Synthesis of an electromagnetic wave absorber for high-speed wireless communication,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(3), 1170–1173 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padilla, W. J.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. M. Bingham, H. Tao, X. Liu, R. D. Averitt, X. Zhang, and W. J. Padilla, “Planar wallpaper group metamaterials for novel terahertz applications,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18565–18575 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padooru, Y. R.

Y. R. Padooru, A. B. Yakovlev, C. S. R. Kaipa, G. W. Hanson, F. Medina, F. Mesa, and A. W. Glisson, “New absorbing boundary conditions and analytical model for multilayered mushroom-type metamaterials: applications to wideband absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 5727–5742 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pilon, D.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Popa, B.-I.

S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
[Crossref]

Popov, E.

Pryor, J.

B. Munk, P. Munk, and J. Pryor, “On designing Jaumann and Circuit Analog absorbers (CA absorbers) for oblique angle of incidence,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(1), 186–193 (2007).
[Crossref]

Qiu, M.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakurai, S.

A. Namai, S. Sakurai, M. Nakajima, T. Suemoto, K. Matsumoto, M. Goto, S. Sasaki, and S. Ohkoshi, “Synthesis of an electromagnetic wave absorber for high-speed wireless communication,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(3), 1170–1173 (2009).
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A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75(15), 155410 (2007).
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Sasaki, S.

A. Namai, S. Sakurai, M. Nakajima, T. Suemoto, K. Matsumoto, M. Goto, S. Sasaki, and S. Ohkoshi, “Synthesis of an electromagnetic wave absorber for high-speed wireless communication,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(3), 1170–1173 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shrekenhamer, D.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D 43(22), 225102 (2010).
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H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
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Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on negative index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(4), 045131 (2009).
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A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75(15), 155410 (2007).
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M. G. Silveirinha and N. Engheta, “Theory of supercoupling, squeezing wave energy, and field confinement in narrow channels and tight bends using ε near-zero metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245109 (2007).
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N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spitzer, W. G.

W. G. Spitzer, D. Kleinman, and D. Walsh, “Infrared properties of hexagonal silicon carbide,” Phys. Rev. 113(1), 127–132 (1959).
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X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strikwerda, A. C.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D 43(22), 225102 (2010).
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H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
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Suemoto, T.

A. Namai, S. Sakurai, M. Nakajima, T. Suemoto, K. Matsumoto, M. Goto, S. Sasaki, and S. Ohkoshi, “Synthesis of an electromagnetic wave absorber for high-speed wireless communication,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(3), 1170–1173 (2009).
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Tao, H.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D 43(22), 225102 (2010).
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C. M. Bingham, H. Tao, X. Liu, R. D. Averitt, X. Zhang, and W. J. Padilla, “Planar wallpaper group metamaterials for novel terahertz applications,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18565–18575 (2008).
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H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
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M. H. Li, H. L. Yang, X. W. Hou, Y. Tian, and D. Y. Hou, “Perfect metamaterial absorber with dual bands,” PIER 108, 37–49 (2010).
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S. Tretyakov, “On geometrical scaling of split-ring and double-bar resonators at optical frequencies, Metamaterials,” Metamaterials (Amst.) 1(1), 40–43 (2007).
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M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, “High performance midinfrared narrow-band plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tyler, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
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Urzhumov, Y. A.

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on negative index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(4), 045131 (2009).
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A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “One-atom-thick reflectors for surface plasmon polariton surface waves on graphene,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3428–3430 (2012).
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A. Alù, F. Bilotti, N. Engheta, and L. Vegni, “Sub-wavelength planar leaky-wave components with metamaterial bilayers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(3), 882–891 (2007).
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Walsh, D.

W. G. Spitzer, D. Kleinman, and D. Walsh, “Infrared properties of hexagonal silicon carbide,” Phys. Rev. 113(1), 127–132 (1959).
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Wang, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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Xiao, S.

Yakovlev, A. B.

Y. R. Padooru, A. B. Yakovlev, C. S. R. Kaipa, G. W. Hanson, F. Medina, F. Mesa, and A. W. Glisson, “New absorbing boundary conditions and analytical model for multilayered mushroom-type metamaterials: applications to wideband absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 5727–5742 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, H. L.

M. H. Li, H. L. Yang, X. W. Hou, Y. Tian, and D. Y. Hou, “Perfect metamaterial absorber with dual bands,” PIER 108, 37–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ye, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Omnidirectional, polarization-insensitive and broadband thin absorber in the terahertz regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27(3), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. M. Bingham, H. Tao, X. Liu, R. D. Averitt, X. Zhang, and W. J. Padilla, “Planar wallpaper group metamaterials for novel terahertz applications,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18565–18575 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

B. Zhu, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Dual band switchable metamaterial electromagnetic absorber,” PIER B 24, 121–129 (2010).
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Zhong, S.

S. Zhong and S. He, “Ultrathin and lightweight microwave absorbers made of mu-near-zero metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 3(2083), 2083 (2013).
[PubMed]

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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B. Zhu, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Dual band switchable metamaterial electromagnetic absorber,” PIER B 24, 121–129 (2010).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, “High performance midinfrared narrow-band plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173116 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (4)

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B. Munk, P. Munk, and J. Pryor, “On designing Jaumann and Circuit Analog absorbers (CA absorbers) for oblique angle of incidence,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(1), 186–193 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Alù, F. Bilotti, N. Engheta, and L. Vegni, “Sub-wavelength planar leaky-wave components with metamaterial bilayers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(3), 882–891 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. R. Padooru, A. B. Yakovlev, C. S. R. Kaipa, G. W. Hanson, F. Medina, F. Mesa, and A. W. Glisson, “New absorbing boundary conditions and analytical model for multilayered mushroom-type metamaterials: applications to wideband absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 60(12), 5727–5742 (2012).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) A plane wave impinges (with an angle α) on an isotropic ENZ (thickness d) - PEC bilayer; (b) Equivalent transmission line model.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Reflection coefficient as a function of AOI (degrees) and frequency (THz) of GZO (fp = 217 THz) for: (a) d/λp = 0.05, (b) d/λp = 0.1, (c) d/λp = 0.2, (d) d/λp = 0.25, (e) GZO Permittivity Dispersion Behavior.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Multi-layer device: (a) side-view, (b) Snell’s law for multi-layer structure.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Absorption properties for the 3-layered structure: (a) multi-frequency and wideband behavior (dtotp = 0.25); (b) multi-band behavior (dtotp = 0.5, with d1p = 0.05, d2p = 0.2, d3p = 0.25)
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Metasurface-based electromagnetic absorber: (a) Side-View, (b) Unit-Cell.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Absorption properties for the metasurface-based structure: (a) TE polarization and (b) TM polarization.

Equations (5)

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ε ENZ =1 ω p 2 ω 2 γ
Z i = η ε ENZ 1 sin 2 ( α ) ε ENZ tan( ω c ε ENZ d )
r= | Z i Z 0 Z i + Z 0 | 2
r= a t 3 +b t 2 +c a t 3 +b t 2 +c =1 2a t 3 a t 3 +b t 2 +c
a=πarctan( ε i ε r )cos( α ) b=12π ε r cos 2 ( α ) ε r 2 + ε i 2 c= cos 2 ( α ) ε r 2 + ε i 2

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