Abstract

We present a single mode multi-section quantum cascade laser source composed of three different sections: master oscillator, gain and phase section. Non-uniform pumping of the QCL’s gain reveals that the various laser sections are strongly coupled. Simulations of the electronic and optical properties of the laser (based on the density matrix and scattering matrix formalisms, respectively) were performed and a good agreement with measurements is obtained. In particular, a pure modulation of the laser output power can be achieved. This capability of the device is applied in tunable-laser spectroscopy of N2O where background-free quartz enhanced photo acoustic spectral scans with nearly perfect Voigt line shapes for the selected absorption line are obtained.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Applied Physics Letters 98, 181102 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Rochat, A. Muller, C. Bonzon, and J. Faist, “High power and single mode quantum cascade lasers,” Optics Express 24, 10694 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. A. Bismuto, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, and A. Muller, “High performance, low dissipation quantum cascade lasers across the mid-IR range,” Optics Express 23, 5477 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, “Application of quantum cascade lasers to trace gas analysis,” Applied Physics B 90, 165–176 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. K. N. Patel, “Quantum cascade lasers: a game changer for defense and homeland security IR photonics,” in “SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2011), pp. 803126.
  7. K. Ruxton, A. Chakraborty, W. Johnstone, M. Lengden, G. Stewart, and K. Duffin, “Tunable diode laser spectroscopy with wavelength modulation: Elimination of residual amplitude modulation in a phasor decomposition approach,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 150, 367–375 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. Bidaux, R. Terazzi, A. Bismuto, T. Gresch, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Measurements and simulations of the optical gain and anti-reflection coating modal reflectivity in quantum cascade lasers with multiple active region stacks,” Journal of Applied Physics 118, 093101 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, C. Tardy, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, J. Wolf, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Extended tuning of mid-ir quantum cascade lasers using integrated resistive heaters,” Optics Express 23, 29715 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. D. Y. K. Ko and J. R. Sambles, “Scattering matrix method for propagation of radiation in stratified media: attenuated total reflection studies of liquid crystals,” JOSA A 5, 1863–1866 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  11. H. Willenberg, G. H. Döhler, and J. Faist, “Intersubband gain in a Bloch oscillator and quantum cascade laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085315 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  12. R. Terazzi and J. Faist, “A density matrix model of transport and radiation in quantum cascade lasers,” New Journal of Physics 12, 033045 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  13. L. Tombez, F. Cappelli, S. Schilt, G. Di Domenico, S. Bartalini, and D. Hofstetter, “Wavelength tuning and thermal dynamics of continuous-wave mid-infrared distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031111 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Süess, P. Hundt, B. Tuzson, S. Riedi, J. Wolf, R. Peretti, M. Beck, H. Looser, L. Emmenegger, and J. Faist, “Dual-Section DFB-QCLs for Multi-Species Trace Gas Analysis,” Photonics 3, 24 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. A. Kosterev, Y. A. Bakhirkin, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, “Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Optics Letters 27, 1902–1904 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  16. P. Patimisco, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Quartz-Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy: A Review,” Sensors 14, 6165–6206 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. P. Patimisco, A. Sampaolo, L. Dong, M. Giglio, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Analysis of the electro-elastic properties of custom quartz tuning forks for optoacoustic gas sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 227, 539–546 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  18. L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2016 (3)

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Rochat, A. Muller, C. Bonzon, and J. Faist, “High power and single mode quantum cascade lasers,” Optics Express 24, 10694 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Süess, P. Hundt, B. Tuzson, S. Riedi, J. Wolf, R. Peretti, M. Beck, H. Looser, L. Emmenegger, and J. Faist, “Dual-Section DFB-QCLs for Multi-Species Trace Gas Analysis,” Photonics 3, 24 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Patimisco, A. Sampaolo, L. Dong, M. Giglio, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Analysis of the electro-elastic properties of custom quartz tuning forks for optoacoustic gas sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 227, 539–546 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

A. Bismuto, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, and A. Muller, “High performance, low dissipation quantum cascade lasers across the mid-IR range,” Optics Express 23, 5477 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Bidaux, R. Terazzi, A. Bismuto, T. Gresch, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Measurements and simulations of the optical gain and anti-reflection coating modal reflectivity in quantum cascade lasers with multiple active region stacks,” Journal of Applied Physics 118, 093101 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, C. Tardy, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, J. Wolf, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Extended tuning of mid-ir quantum cascade lasers using integrated resistive heaters,” Optics Express 23, 29715 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

P. Patimisco, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Quartz-Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy: A Review,” Sensors 14, 6165–6206 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Tombez, F. Cappelli, S. Schilt, G. Di Domenico, S. Bartalini, and D. Hofstetter, “Wavelength tuning and thermal dynamics of continuous-wave mid-infrared distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031111 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Applied Physics Letters 98, 181102 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

K. Ruxton, A. Chakraborty, W. Johnstone, M. Lengden, G. Stewart, and K. Duffin, “Tunable diode laser spectroscopy with wavelength modulation: Elimination of residual amplitude modulation in a phasor decomposition approach,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 150, 367–375 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Terazzi and J. Faist, “A density matrix model of transport and radiation in quantum cascade lasers,” New Journal of Physics 12, 033045 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, “Application of quantum cascade lasers to trace gas analysis,” Applied Physics B 90, 165–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

H. Willenberg, G. H. Döhler, and J. Faist, “Intersubband gain in a Bloch oscillator and quantum cascade laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085315 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. A. Kosterev, Y. A. Bakhirkin, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, “Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Optics Letters 27, 1902–1904 (2002).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

D. Y. K. Ko and J. R. Sambles, “Scattering matrix method for propagation of radiation in stratified media: attenuated total reflection studies of liquid crystals,” JOSA A 5, 1863–1866 (1988).
[Crossref]

Babikov, Y.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bai, Y.

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Applied Physics Letters 98, 181102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bakhirkin, Y.

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, “Application of quantum cascade lasers to trace gas analysis,” Applied Physics B 90, 165–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bakhirkin, Y. A.

A. A. Kosterev, Y. A. Bakhirkin, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, “Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Optics Letters 27, 1902–1904 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bandyopadhyay, N.

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Applied Physics Letters 98, 181102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Barbe, A.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bartalini, S.

L. Tombez, F. Cappelli, S. Schilt, G. Di Domenico, S. Bartalini, and D. Hofstetter, “Wavelength tuning and thermal dynamics of continuous-wave mid-infrared distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031111 (2013).
[Crossref]

Beck, M.

M. Süess, P. Hundt, B. Tuzson, S. Riedi, J. Wolf, R. Peretti, M. Beck, H. Looser, L. Emmenegger, and J. Faist, “Dual-Section DFB-QCLs for Multi-Species Trace Gas Analysis,” Photonics 3, 24 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bernath, P.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bidaux, Y.

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Rochat, A. Muller, C. Bonzon, and J. Faist, “High power and single mode quantum cascade lasers,” Optics Express 24, 10694 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, C. Tardy, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, J. Wolf, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Extended tuning of mid-ir quantum cascade lasers using integrated resistive heaters,” Optics Express 23, 29715 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Bidaux, R. Terazzi, A. Bismuto, T. Gresch, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Measurements and simulations of the optical gain and anti-reflection coating modal reflectivity in quantum cascade lasers with multiple active region stacks,” Journal of Applied Physics 118, 093101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Birk, M.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bismuto, A.

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Rochat, A. Muller, C. Bonzon, and J. Faist, “High power and single mode quantum cascade lasers,” Optics Express 24, 10694 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bismuto, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, and A. Muller, “High performance, low dissipation quantum cascade lasers across the mid-IR range,” Optics Express 23, 5477 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, C. Tardy, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, J. Wolf, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Extended tuning of mid-ir quantum cascade lasers using integrated resistive heaters,” Optics Express 23, 29715 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Bidaux, R. Terazzi, A. Bismuto, T. Gresch, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Measurements and simulations of the optical gain and anti-reflection coating modal reflectivity in quantum cascade lasers with multiple active region stacks,” Journal of Applied Physics 118, 093101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bizzocchi, L.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Blaser, S.

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Rochat, A. Muller, C. Bonzon, and J. Faist, “High power and single mode quantum cascade lasers,” Optics Express 24, 10694 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bismuto, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, and A. Muller, “High performance, low dissipation quantum cascade lasers across the mid-IR range,” Optics Express 23, 5477 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, C. Tardy, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, J. Wolf, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Extended tuning of mid-ir quantum cascade lasers using integrated resistive heaters,” Optics Express 23, 29715 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Bidaux, R. Terazzi, A. Bismuto, T. Gresch, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Measurements and simulations of the optical gain and anti-reflection coating modal reflectivity in quantum cascade lasers with multiple active region stacks,” Journal of Applied Physics 118, 093101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bonzon, C.

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Rochat, A. Muller, C. Bonzon, and J. Faist, “High power and single mode quantum cascade lasers,” Optics Express 24, 10694 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boudon, V.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brown, L.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Campargue, A.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cappelli, F.

L. Tombez, F. Cappelli, S. Schilt, G. Di Domenico, S. Bartalini, and D. Hofstetter, “Wavelength tuning and thermal dynamics of continuous-wave mid-infrared distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031111 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chakraborty, A.

K. Ruxton, A. Chakraborty, W. Johnstone, M. Lengden, G. Stewart, and K. Duffin, “Tunable diode laser spectroscopy with wavelength modulation: Elimination of residual amplitude modulation in a phasor decomposition approach,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 150, 367–375 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chance, K.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cho, A. Y.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ChrisBenner, D.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cohen, E.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Coudert, L.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Curl, R.

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, “Application of quantum cascade lasers to trace gas analysis,” Applied Physics B 90, 165–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

Curl, R. F.

A. A. Kosterev, Y. A. Bakhirkin, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, “Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Optics Letters 27, 1902–1904 (2002).
[Crossref]

Devi, V.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Di Domenico, G.

L. Tombez, F. Cappelli, S. Schilt, G. Di Domenico, S. Bartalini, and D. Hofstetter, “Wavelength tuning and thermal dynamics of continuous-wave mid-infrared distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031111 (2013).
[Crossref]

Döhler, G. H.

H. Willenberg, G. H. Döhler, and J. Faist, “Intersubband gain in a Bloch oscillator and quantum cascade laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085315 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dong, L.

P. Patimisco, A. Sampaolo, L. Dong, M. Giglio, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Analysis of the electro-elastic properties of custom quartz tuning forks for optoacoustic gas sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 227, 539–546 (2016).
[Crossref]

Drouin, B.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Duffin, K.

K. Ruxton, A. Chakraborty, W. Johnstone, M. Lengden, G. Stewart, and K. Duffin, “Tunable diode laser spectroscopy with wavelength modulation: Elimination of residual amplitude modulation in a phasor decomposition approach,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 150, 367–375 (2010).
[Crossref]

Emmenegger, L.

M. Süess, P. Hundt, B. Tuzson, S. Riedi, J. Wolf, R. Peretti, M. Beck, H. Looser, L. Emmenegger, and J. Faist, “Dual-Section DFB-QCLs for Multi-Species Trace Gas Analysis,” Photonics 3, 24 (2016).
[Crossref]

Faist, J.

M. Süess, P. Hundt, B. Tuzson, S. Riedi, J. Wolf, R. Peretti, M. Beck, H. Looser, L. Emmenegger, and J. Faist, “Dual-Section DFB-QCLs for Multi-Species Trace Gas Analysis,” Photonics 3, 24 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Rochat, A. Muller, C. Bonzon, and J. Faist, “High power and single mode quantum cascade lasers,” Optics Express 24, 10694 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, C. Tardy, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, J. Wolf, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Extended tuning of mid-ir quantum cascade lasers using integrated resistive heaters,” Optics Express 23, 29715 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Bidaux, R. Terazzi, A. Bismuto, T. Gresch, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Measurements and simulations of the optical gain and anti-reflection coating modal reflectivity in quantum cascade lasers with multiple active region stacks,” Journal of Applied Physics 118, 093101 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Terazzi and J. Faist, “A density matrix model of transport and radiation in quantum cascade lasers,” New Journal of Physics 12, 033045 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Willenberg, G. H. Döhler, and J. Faist, “Intersubband gain in a Bloch oscillator and quantum cascade laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085315 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fayt, A.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Flaud, J.-M.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fraser, M.

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, “Application of quantum cascade lasers to trace gas analysis,” Applied Physics B 90, 165–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gamache, R.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Giglio, M.

P. Patimisco, A. Sampaolo, L. Dong, M. Giglio, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Analysis of the electro-elastic properties of custom quartz tuning forks for optoacoustic gas sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 227, 539–546 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gordon, I.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gresch, T.

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Rochat, A. Muller, C. Bonzon, and J. Faist, “High power and single mode quantum cascade lasers,” Optics Express 24, 10694 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bismuto, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, and A. Muller, “High performance, low dissipation quantum cascade lasers across the mid-IR range,” Optics Express 23, 5477 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, C. Tardy, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, J. Wolf, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Extended tuning of mid-ir quantum cascade lasers using integrated resistive heaters,” Optics Express 23, 29715 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Bidaux, R. Terazzi, A. Bismuto, T. Gresch, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Measurements and simulations of the optical gain and anti-reflection coating modal reflectivity in quantum cascade lasers with multiple active region stacks,” Journal of Applied Physics 118, 093101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Harrison, J.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, J.-M.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hill, C.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hodges, J.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hofstetter, D.

L. Tombez, F. Cappelli, S. Schilt, G. Di Domenico, S. Bartalini, and D. Hofstetter, “Wavelength tuning and thermal dynamics of continuous-wave mid-infrared distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031111 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hundt, P.

M. Süess, P. Hundt, B. Tuzson, S. Riedi, J. Wolf, R. Peretti, M. Beck, H. Looser, L. Emmenegger, and J. Faist, “Dual-Section DFB-QCLs for Multi-Species Trace Gas Analysis,” Photonics 3, 24 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hutchinson, A. L.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacquemart, D.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Johnstone, W.

K. Ruxton, A. Chakraborty, W. Johnstone, M. Lengden, G. Stewart, and K. Duffin, “Tunable diode laser spectroscopy with wavelength modulation: Elimination of residual amplitude modulation in a phasor decomposition approach,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 150, 367–375 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jolly, A.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ko, D. Y. K.

D. Y. K. Ko and J. R. Sambles, “Scattering matrix method for propagation of radiation in stratified media: attenuated total reflection studies of liquid crystals,” JOSA A 5, 1863–1866 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kosterev, A.

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, “Application of quantum cascade lasers to trace gas analysis,” Applied Physics B 90, 165–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kosterev, A. A.

A. A. Kosterev, Y. A. Bakhirkin, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, “Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Optics Letters 27, 1902–1904 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lamouroux, J.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Le Roy, R.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lengden, M.

K. Ruxton, A. Chakraborty, W. Johnstone, M. Lengden, G. Stewart, and K. Duffin, “Tunable diode laser spectroscopy with wavelength modulation: Elimination of residual amplitude modulation in a phasor decomposition approach,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 150, 367–375 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lewicki, R.

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, “Application of quantum cascade lasers to trace gas analysis,” Applied Physics B 90, 165–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Long, D.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Looser, H.

M. Süess, P. Hundt, B. Tuzson, S. Riedi, J. Wolf, R. Peretti, M. Beck, H. Looser, L. Emmenegger, and J. Faist, “Dual-Section DFB-QCLs for Multi-Species Trace Gas Analysis,” Photonics 3, 24 (2016).
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Lyulin, O.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Mackie, C.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Massie, S.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Mikhailenko, S.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Muller, A.

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Rochat, A. Muller, C. Bonzon, and J. Faist, “High power and single mode quantum cascade lasers,” Optics Express 24, 10694 (2016).
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A. Bismuto, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, and A. Muller, “High performance, low dissipation quantum cascade lasers across the mid-IR range,” Optics Express 23, 5477 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, C. Tardy, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, J. Wolf, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Extended tuning of mid-ir quantum cascade lasers using integrated resistive heaters,” Optics Express 23, 29715 (2015).
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Y. Bidaux, R. Terazzi, A. Bismuto, T. Gresch, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Measurements and simulations of the optical gain and anti-reflection coating modal reflectivity in quantum cascade lasers with multiple active region stacks,” Journal of Applied Physics 118, 093101 (2015).
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Müller, H.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Naumenko, O.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Nikitin, A.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Orphal, J.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Patel, C. K. N.

C. K. N. Patel, “Quantum cascade lasers: a game changer for defense and homeland security IR photonics,” in “SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2011), pp. 803126.

Patimisco, P.

P. Patimisco, A. Sampaolo, L. Dong, M. Giglio, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Analysis of the electro-elastic properties of custom quartz tuning forks for optoacoustic gas sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 227, 539–546 (2016).
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P. Patimisco, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Quartz-Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy: A Review,” Sensors 14, 6165–6206 (2014).
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Peretti, R.

M. Süess, P. Hundt, B. Tuzson, S. Riedi, J. Wolf, R. Peretti, M. Beck, H. Looser, L. Emmenegger, and J. Faist, “Dual-Section DFB-QCLs for Multi-Species Trace Gas Analysis,” Photonics 3, 24 (2016).
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Perevalov, V.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Perrin, A.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Polovtseva, E.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Razeghi, M.

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Applied Physics Letters 98, 181102 (2011).
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Richard, C.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Riedi, S.

M. Süess, P. Hundt, B. Tuzson, S. Riedi, J. Wolf, R. Peretti, M. Beck, H. Looser, L. Emmenegger, and J. Faist, “Dual-Section DFB-QCLs for Multi-Species Trace Gas Analysis,” Photonics 3, 24 (2016).
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Rochat, M.

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Rochat, A. Muller, C. Bonzon, and J. Faist, “High power and single mode quantum cascade lasers,” Optics Express 24, 10694 (2016).
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Rothman, L.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Sampaolo, A.

P. Patimisco, A. Sampaolo, L. Dong, M. Giglio, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Analysis of the electro-elastic properties of custom quartz tuning forks for optoacoustic gas sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 227, 539–546 (2016).
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Scamarcio, G.

P. Patimisco, A. Sampaolo, L. Dong, M. Giglio, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Analysis of the electro-elastic properties of custom quartz tuning forks for optoacoustic gas sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 227, 539–546 (2016).
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P. Patimisco, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Quartz-Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy: A Review,” Sensors 14, 6165–6206 (2014).
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Schilt, S.

L. Tombez, F. Cappelli, S. Schilt, G. Di Domenico, S. Bartalini, and D. Hofstetter, “Wavelength tuning and thermal dynamics of continuous-wave mid-infrared distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031111 (2013).
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Sirtori, C.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
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Sivco, D. L.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
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Slivken, S.

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Applied Physics Letters 98, 181102 (2011).
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Smith, M.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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So, S.

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, “Application of quantum cascade lasers to trace gas analysis,” Applied Physics B 90, 165–176 (2008).
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Spagnolo, V.

P. Patimisco, A. Sampaolo, L. Dong, M. Giglio, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Analysis of the electro-elastic properties of custom quartz tuning forks for optoacoustic gas sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 227, 539–546 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Patimisco, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Quartz-Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy: A Review,” Sensors 14, 6165–6206 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starikova, E.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Stewart, G.

K. Ruxton, A. Chakraborty, W. Johnstone, M. Lengden, G. Stewart, and K. Duffin, “Tunable diode laser spectroscopy with wavelength modulation: Elimination of residual amplitude modulation in a phasor decomposition approach,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 150, 367–375 (2010).
[Crossref]

Süess, M.

M. Süess, P. Hundt, B. Tuzson, S. Riedi, J. Wolf, R. Peretti, M. Beck, H. Looser, L. Emmenegger, and J. Faist, “Dual-Section DFB-QCLs for Multi-Species Trace Gas Analysis,” Photonics 3, 24 (2016).
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Sung, K.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Tardy, C.

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, C. Tardy, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, J. Wolf, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Extended tuning of mid-ir quantum cascade lasers using integrated resistive heaters,” Optics Express 23, 29715 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tashkun, S.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Tennyson, J.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Terazzi, R.

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Rochat, A. Muller, C. Bonzon, and J. Faist, “High power and single mode quantum cascade lasers,” Optics Express 24, 10694 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bismuto, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, and A. Muller, “High performance, low dissipation quantum cascade lasers across the mid-IR range,” Optics Express 23, 5477 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, C. Tardy, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, J. Wolf, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Extended tuning of mid-ir quantum cascade lasers using integrated resistive heaters,” Optics Express 23, 29715 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Bidaux, R. Terazzi, A. Bismuto, T. Gresch, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Measurements and simulations of the optical gain and anti-reflection coating modal reflectivity in quantum cascade lasers with multiple active region stacks,” Journal of Applied Physics 118, 093101 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Terazzi and J. Faist, “A density matrix model of transport and radiation in quantum cascade lasers,” New Journal of Physics 12, 033045 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tittel, F.

P. Patimisco, A. Sampaolo, L. Dong, M. Giglio, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Analysis of the electro-elastic properties of custom quartz tuning forks for optoacoustic gas sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 227, 539–546 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Patimisco, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Quartz-Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy: A Review,” Sensors 14, 6165–6206 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, “Application of quantum cascade lasers to trace gas analysis,” Applied Physics B 90, 165–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tittel, F. K.

A. A. Kosterev, Y. A. Bakhirkin, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, “Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Optics Letters 27, 1902–1904 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tombez, L.

L. Tombez, F. Cappelli, S. Schilt, G. Di Domenico, S. Bartalini, and D. Hofstetter, “Wavelength tuning and thermal dynamics of continuous-wave mid-infrared distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031111 (2013).
[Crossref]

Toon, G.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tsao, S.

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Applied Physics Letters 98, 181102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tuzson, B.

M. Süess, P. Hundt, B. Tuzson, S. Riedi, J. Wolf, R. Peretti, M. Beck, H. Looser, L. Emmenegger, and J. Faist, “Dual-Section DFB-QCLs for Multi-Species Trace Gas Analysis,” Photonics 3, 24 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tyuterev, V.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wagner, G.

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Willenberg, H.

H. Willenberg, G. H. Döhler, and J. Faist, “Intersubband gain in a Bloch oscillator and quantum cascade laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085315 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J.

M. Süess, P. Hundt, B. Tuzson, S. Riedi, J. Wolf, R. Peretti, M. Beck, H. Looser, L. Emmenegger, and J. Faist, “Dual-Section DFB-QCLs for Multi-Species Trace Gas Analysis,” Photonics 3, 24 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, C. Tardy, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, J. Wolf, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Extended tuning of mid-ir quantum cascade lasers using integrated resistive heaters,” Optics Express 23, 29715 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wysocki, G.

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, “Application of quantum cascade lasers to trace gas analysis,” Applied Physics B 90, 165–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Tombez, F. Cappelli, S. Schilt, G. Di Domenico, S. Bartalini, and D. Hofstetter, “Wavelength tuning and thermal dynamics of continuous-wave mid-infrared distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031111 (2013).
[Crossref]

Applied Physics B (1)

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, “Application of quantum cascade lasers to trace gas analysis,” Applied Physics B 90, 165–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

Applied Physics Letters (1)

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Applied Physics Letters 98, 181102 (2011).
[Crossref]

JOSA A (1)

D. Y. K. Ko and J. R. Sambles, “Scattering matrix method for propagation of radiation in stratified media: attenuated total reflection studies of liquid crystals,” JOSA A 5, 1863–1866 (1988).
[Crossref]

Journal of Applied Physics (1)

Y. Bidaux, R. Terazzi, A. Bismuto, T. Gresch, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Measurements and simulations of the optical gain and anti-reflection coating modal reflectivity in quantum cascade lasers with multiple active region stacks,” Journal of Applied Physics 118, 093101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer (1)

L. Rothman, I. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. ChrisBenner, P. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. Cohen, L. Coudert, V. Devi, B. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gamache, J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. Le Roy, G. Li, D. Long, O. Lyulin, C. Mackie, S. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. Müller, O. Naumenko, A. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. Toon, V. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

New Journal of Physics (1)

R. Terazzi and J. Faist, “A density matrix model of transport and radiation in quantum cascade lasers,” New Journal of Physics 12, 033045 (2010).
[Crossref]

Optics Express (3)

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, C. Tardy, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, J. Wolf, S. Blaser, A. Muller, and J. Faist, “Extended tuning of mid-ir quantum cascade lasers using integrated resistive heaters,” Optics Express 23, 29715 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bismuto, Y. Bidaux, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Rochat, A. Muller, C. Bonzon, and J. Faist, “High power and single mode quantum cascade lasers,” Optics Express 24, 10694 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bismuto, S. Blaser, R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, and A. Muller, “High performance, low dissipation quantum cascade lasers across the mid-IR range,” Optics Express 23, 5477 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Optics Letters (1)

A. A. Kosterev, Y. A. Bakhirkin, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, “Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy,” Optics Letters 27, 1902–1904 (2002).
[Crossref]

Photonics (1)

M. Süess, P. Hundt, B. Tuzson, S. Riedi, J. Wolf, R. Peretti, M. Beck, H. Looser, L. Emmenegger, and J. Faist, “Dual-Section DFB-QCLs for Multi-Species Trace Gas Analysis,” Photonics 3, 24 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Willenberg, G. H. Döhler, and J. Faist, “Intersubband gain in a Bloch oscillator and quantum cascade laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085315 (2003).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sensors (1)

P. Patimisco, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Quartz-Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy: A Review,” Sensors 14, 6165–6206 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical (2)

P. Patimisco, A. Sampaolo, L. Dong, M. Giglio, G. Scamarcio, F. Tittel, and V. Spagnolo, “Analysis of the electro-elastic properties of custom quartz tuning forks for optoacoustic gas sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 227, 539–546 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Ruxton, A. Chakraborty, W. Johnstone, M. Lengden, G. Stewart, and K. Duffin, “Tunable diode laser spectroscopy with wavelength modulation: Elimination of residual amplitude modulation in a phasor decomposition approach,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 150, 367–375 (2010).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

C. K. N. Patel, “Quantum cascade lasers: a game changer for defense and homeland security IR photonics,” in “SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2011), pp. 803126.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic view of the device. The device is electrically separated into three sections: Master oscillator (MO, 2.25 mm), Gain (3 mm), Phase section (PS, 0.75 mm). Anti-reflective coating layers were deposited on the device’s back and front facets.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Measured modal reflectivity of the anti-reflective coating layers deposited on the device’s back and front facets, composed of YF3/ZnSe (0.598/0.250 µm).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) and (b): QCL output power and emission wavelength measured while varying the electrical power dissipated in the MO section from 4.5 W to 6.5 W (0.42 to 0.57 A MO current) and from 0 W to 2.2 W (0 A to 0.2 A PS current) in the PS section. The heat-sink temperature was set to −10°C. (c) Simulated and measured light current dependency of the QCL at 6.1 W pumped in MO (d) Corresponding spectra: the emission is single mode and no frequency tuning is observed as a function of the PS section current.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Modulation depth as a function of the PS modulation frequency. Bandwidth as high as 200 kHz has been achieved, corresponding to the cut off of thermal dynamics for DFB QCLS.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Simulated spatially resolved mode profile for three different pump levels in the PS section.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Schematic of the QCL-QTF optical coupling. Both 1f (b) and 2f (c) QEPAS spectral scans (black dots) show a background-free Voigt line-shape (red curve), demonstrating the achievement of a pure AM condition. Residuals are depicted in the related lower panels.

Equations (3)

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d ( x , J ) = 1 1 + S ( x , J ) S s
P o p t A cos ( 2 ω t ) + B cos ( ω t )
I a b s ( t ) = [ A cos ( 2 ω t ) + B cos ( ω t ) ] [ α ( ω ) L ]

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