Abstract

We demonstrate speckle-suppressed full-field imaging through a scattering medium using incoherent supercontinuum (SC) illumination. The patterns in images obtained using SC illumination were found to be more easily identifiable than those in images acquired using coherent direct laser illumination due to the speckle suppression. Even when the optical depth reached 12.3, the patterns remained identifiable. As one of the potential applications, we also demonstrated the imaging for a high-pressure diesel spray using SC illumination.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (2)

J. Manin, M. Bardi, L. M. Pickett, and R. Payri, “Boundary condition and fuel composition effects on injection processes of high-pressure sprays at the microscopic level,” Int. J. Multiph. Flow 83, 267–278 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. K. Wahlstrand, S. Zahedpour, and H. M. Milchberg, “Optimizing the time resolution of supercontinuum spectral interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(7), 1476 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

P. Karra, T. Rogers, and P. Lappas, “Air entrainment in gaseous fuel jets using particle image velocimetry and high speed schlieren photography in a constant volume chamber,” SAE Tech. Papers 1, 1–9 (2015).

2014 (2)

2013 (2)

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, L. Yan, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. A. Kuti, J. Zhu, K. Nishida, X. Wang, and Z. Huang, “Characterization of spray and combustion processes of biodiesel fuel injected by diesel engine common rail system,” Fuel 104, 838–846 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Katz, E. Small, and Y. Silberberg, “Looking around corners and through thin turbid layers in real time with scattered incoherent light,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 549–553 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Zerom, Z. Shi, M. N. O’Sullivan, K. W. C. Chan, M. Krogstad, J. H. Shapiro, and R. W. Boyd, “Thermal ghost imaging with averaged speckle patterns,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063817 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

X. Xu, H. Liu, and L. V. Wang, “Time-reversed ultrasonically encoded optical focusing into scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 154–157 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

1998 (1)

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1976 (1)

Bardi, M.

J. Manin, M. Bardi, L. M. Pickett, and R. Payri, “Boundary condition and fuel composition effects on injection processes of high-pressure sprays at the microscopic level,” Int. J. Multiph. Flow 83, 267–278 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bertolotti, J.

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blum, C.

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

P. Zerom, Z. Shi, M. N. O’Sullivan, K. W. C. Chan, M. Krogstad, J. H. Shapiro, and R. W. Boyd, “Thermal ghost imaging with averaged speckle patterns,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063817 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cha, M.

Chan, K. W. C.

P. Zerom, Z. Shi, M. N. O’Sullivan, K. W. C. Chan, M. Krogstad, J. H. Shapiro, and R. W. Boyd, “Thermal ghost imaging with averaged speckle patterns,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063817 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, F.

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, L. Yan, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J.

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, L. Yan, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Choi, H. J.

Choi, J. W.

Choma, M. A.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cook, K.

Fabbrini, L.

L. Fabbrini, M. G. Messina, and G. Pinelli, “Improved edge enhancing diffusion filter for speckle-corrupted images,” IEEE T Geosci. Remote 11(1), 99–103 (2014).

Fu, S. H.

Goodman, J. W.

Hou, X.

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, L. Yan, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, Z.

O. A. Kuti, J. Zhu, K. Nishida, X. Wang, and Z. Huang, “Characterization of spray and combustion processes of biodiesel fuel injected by diesel engine common rail system,” Fuel 104, 838–846 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kang, H.

Kar, A.

Karra, P.

P. Karra, T. Rogers, and P. Lappas, “Air entrainment in gaseous fuel jets using particle image velocimetry and high speed schlieren photography in a constant volume chamber,” SAE Tech. Papers 1, 1–9 (2015).

Katz, O.

O. Katz, E. Small, and Y. Silberberg, “Looking around corners and through thin turbid layers in real time with scattered incoherent light,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 549–553 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, B. J.

Ko, D. K.

Krogstad, M.

P. Zerom, Z. Shi, M. N. O’Sullivan, K. W. C. Chan, M. Krogstad, J. H. Shapiro, and R. W. Boyd, “Thermal ghost imaging with averaged speckle patterns,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063817 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kubota, H.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kung, A. H.

Kuti, O. A.

O. A. Kuti, J. Zhu, K. Nishida, X. Wang, and Z. Huang, “Characterization of spray and combustion processes of biodiesel fuel injected by diesel engine common rail system,” Fuel 104, 838–846 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lagendijk, A.

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lamb, R. A.

Lappas, P.

P. Karra, T. Rogers, and P. Lappas, “Air entrainment in gaseous fuel jets using particle image velocimetry and high speed schlieren photography in a constant volume chamber,” SAE Tech. Papers 1, 1–9 (2015).

Lin, A.

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, L. Yan, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liou, J. W.

Liu, H.

X. Xu, H. Liu, and L. V. Wang, “Time-reversed ultrasonically encoded optical focusing into scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 154–157 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manin, J.

J. Manin, M. Bardi, L. M. Pickett, and R. Payri, “Boundary condition and fuel composition effects on injection processes of high-pressure sprays at the microscopic level,” Int. J. Multiph. Flow 83, 267–278 (2016).
[Crossref]

Messina, M. G.

L. Fabbrini, M. G. Messina, and G. Pinelli, “Improved edge enhancing diffusion filter for speckle-corrupted images,” IEEE T Geosci. Remote 11(1), 99–103 (2014).

Milchberg, H. M.

Moes, C. J. M.

Mosk, A. P.

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Nishida, K.

O. A. Kuti, J. Zhu, K. Nishida, X. Wang, and Z. Huang, “Characterization of spray and combustion processes of biodiesel fuel injected by diesel engine common rail system,” Fuel 104, 838–846 (2013).
[Crossref]

O’Sullivan, M. N.

P. Zerom, Z. Shi, M. N. O’Sullivan, K. W. C. Chan, M. Krogstad, J. H. Shapiro, and R. W. Boyd, “Thermal ghost imaging with averaged speckle patterns,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063817 (2012).
[Crossref]

Payri, R.

J. Manin, M. Bardi, L. M. Pickett, and R. Payri, “Boundary condition and fuel composition effects on injection processes of high-pressure sprays at the microscopic level,” Int. J. Multiph. Flow 83, 267–278 (2016).
[Crossref]

Peng, L. H.

Pickett, L. M.

J. Manin, M. Bardi, L. M. Pickett, and R. Payri, “Boundary condition and fuel composition effects on injection processes of high-pressure sprays at the microscopic level,” Int. J. Multiph. Flow 83, 267–278 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pinelli, G.

L. Fabbrini, M. G. Messina, and G. Pinelli, “Improved edge enhancing diffusion filter for speckle-corrupted images,” IEEE T Geosci. Remote 11(1), 99–103 (2014).

Prahl, S. A.

Redding, B.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rogers, T.

P. Karra, T. Rogers, and P. Lappas, “Air entrainment in gaseous fuel jets using particle image velocimetry and high speed schlieren photography in a constant volume chamber,” SAE Tech. Papers 1, 1–9 (2015).

Shapiro, J. H.

P. Zerom, Z. Shi, M. N. O’Sullivan, K. W. C. Chan, M. Krogstad, J. H. Shapiro, and R. W. Boyd, “Thermal ghost imaging with averaged speckle patterns,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063817 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, Z.

P. Zerom, Z. Shi, M. N. O’Sullivan, K. W. C. Chan, M. Krogstad, J. H. Shapiro, and R. W. Boyd, “Thermal ghost imaging with averaged speckle patterns,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063817 (2012).
[Crossref]

Si, J.

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, L. Yan, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

Silberberg, Y.

O. Katz, E. Small, and Y. Silberberg, “Looking around corners and through thin turbid layers in real time with scattered incoherent light,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 549–553 (2012).
[Crossref]

Small, E.

O. Katz, E. Small, and Y. Silberberg, “Looking around corners and through thin turbid layers in real time with scattered incoherent light,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 549–553 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tan, W.

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tong, J.

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

van Gemert, M. J. C.

van Marie, J.

van Putten, E. G.

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Staveren, H. J.

Vos, W. L.

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wahlstrand, J. K.

Wang, L. V.

X. Xu, H. Liu, and L. V. Wang, “Time-reversed ultrasonically encoded optical focusing into scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 154–157 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

O. A. Kuti, J. Zhu, K. Nishida, X. Wang, and Z. Huang, “Characterization of spray and combustion processes of biodiesel fuel injected by diesel engine common rail system,” Fuel 104, 838–846 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

X. Xu, H. Liu, and L. V. Wang, “Time-reversed ultrasonically encoded optical focusing into scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 154–157 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, L.

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, L. Yan, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yi, W.

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yu, N. E.

Zahedpour, S.

Zerom, P.

P. Zerom, Z. Shi, M. N. O’Sullivan, K. W. C. Chan, M. Krogstad, J. H. Shapiro, and R. W. Boyd, “Thermal ghost imaging with averaged speckle patterns,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063817 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, L. Yan, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z.

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, L. Yan, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J.

O. A. Kuti, J. Zhu, K. Nishida, X. Wang, and Z. Huang, “Characterization of spray and combustion processes of biodiesel fuel injected by diesel engine common rail system,” Fuel 104, 838–846 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Fuel (1)

O. A. Kuti, J. Zhu, K. Nishida, X. Wang, and Z. Huang, “Characterization of spray and combustion processes of biodiesel fuel injected by diesel engine common rail system,” Fuel 104, 838–846 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE T Geosci. Remote (1)

L. Fabbrini, M. G. Messina, and G. Pinelli, “Improved edge enhancing diffusion filter for speckle-corrupted images,” IEEE T Geosci. Remote 11(1), 99–103 (2014).

Int. J. Multiph. Flow (1)

J. Manin, M. Bardi, L. M. Pickett, and R. Payri, “Boundary condition and fuel composition effects on injection processes of high-pressure sprays at the microscopic level,” Int. J. Multiph. Flow 83, 267–278 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, L. Yan, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (3)

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Katz, E. Small, and Y. Silberberg, “Looking around corners and through thin turbid layers in real time with scattered incoherent light,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 549–553 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Xu, H. Liu, and L. V. Wang, “Time-reversed ultrasonically encoded optical focusing into scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 154–157 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

P. Zerom, Z. Shi, M. N. O’Sullivan, K. W. C. Chan, M. Krogstad, J. H. Shapiro, and R. W. Boyd, “Thermal ghost imaging with averaged speckle patterns,” Phys. Rev. A 86(6), 063817 (2012).
[Crossref]

SAE Tech. Papers (1)

P. Karra, T. Rogers, and P. Lappas, “Air entrainment in gaseous fuel jets using particle image velocimetry and high speed schlieren photography in a constant volume chamber,” SAE Tech. Papers 1, 1–9 (2015).

Other (3)

J. A. Seibert, J. M. Boone, and K. K. Lindfors, “Flat-field correction technique for digital detectors,” in Medical Imaging 1998: Physics of Medical Imaging, J. T. Dobbins III, ed. (SPIE, 1998), pp. 348–354.

H. Cui, G. Huang, T. Liu, and J. Gao, “Speckle filtering algorithm of PolSAR imagery based on two-dimensional polarimetric subspace ICA,” in Proceedings of the 6th International Asia Conference on Industrial Engineering and Management Innovation, E. Qi, ed. (Atlantis, 2015), pp. 343–353.

J. C. Dainty, Laser Speckle and Related Phenomena (Springer-Verlag, 1984).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) SC and (b) direct laser illumination setups used for imaging through scattering medium. L1, L2, L3, and L4: lenses; RTT: resolution test target; S: scattering medium.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Images obtained using (a) direct laser and (b) SC illumination of test patterns behind scattering medium under different OD conditions.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) CNR versus spatial frequency for images obtained using direct laser (dotted) and SC (solid) illumination. (b) CNR versus OD for bars whose spatial frequency is 11.3 mm−1.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 C versus OD for images obtained using direct laser (solid) and SC (dotted) illumination.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Near-field images of diesel spray at the tip of the injector obtained using (a) direct laser and (b) SC illumination. Images of diesel spray 2 cm below nozzle acquired using (c) direct laser and (d) SC illumination.

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