Abstract

In direct drive ICF, optical zooming is an effective way to mitigate cross-beam energy transfer and increase the hydrodynamic efficiency, by reducing the spot size of the laser beams while target compressing. In this paper, a novel optical zooming scheme is proposed, which employs a focusing grating to focus the broadband laser pulse, changing the spot size on the target within single beamlet. Experimentally, a focusing grating with clean aperture of 40-mm × 40-mm placed after the collimated light successfully realized the peak-valley of defocusing wavefront distribution of 0.73 µm as the wavelength ranging from 1052.43 nm to 1053.23 nm. Extended to the full-sized focusing grating with laser beam of 360-mm × 360-mm, it is derived that the focal spot reduction reaches to 21.8% with the 3rd harmonic light ranging from 350.81 nm to 351.08 nm, decreasing from 375 µm to 294 µm with 300 µm shaping continuous phase plate.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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  5. B. Canaud, X. Fortin, F. Garaude, C. Meyer, F. Philippe, M. Temporal, S. Atzeni, and A. Schiabi, “High-gain direct-drive target design for the laser megajoule,” Nucl. Fusion 44(10), 1118–1129 (2004).
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  6. B. Canaud, F. Garaude, C. Clique, N. Lecler, A. Masson, R. Quach, and J. Van der Vliet, “High-gain direct-drive laser fusion with indirect drive beam layout of Laser Megajoule,” Nucl. Fusion 47(12), 1652–1655 (2008).
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    [Crossref]
  14. M. Temporal, B. Canaud, and B. J. Le Garrec, “Irradiation uniformity and zooming performances for a capsule directly driven by a 32×9 laser beams configuration,” Phys. Plasmas 17(2), 022701 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  23. J. Néauport, E. Journot, G. Gaborit, and P. Bouchut, “Design, optical characterization, and operation of large transmission gratings for the laser integration line and laser megajoule facilities,” Appl. Opt. 44(16), 3143–3152 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. J. M. Di-Nicola, N. Fleurot, T. Lonjaret, X. Julien, E. Bordenave, B. Le Garrec, M. Mangeant, G. Behar, T. Chies, C. Feral, H. Graillot, M. Luttmann, F. Jequier, E. Journot, O. Lutz, and G. Thiell, “The LIL facility quadruplet commissioning,” J. Phys. IV 133(119), 595–600 (2006).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  31. S. Hocquet, E. Bordenave, J. Goossens, C. Gouedard, L. Videau, and D. Penninckx, “Amplitude modulation filtering of FM-to-AM conversion due to the focusing grating of LMJ,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032016 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  32. S. Hocquet, D. Penninckx, E. Bordenave, C. Gouédard, and Y. Jaouën, “FM-to-AM conversion in high-power lasers,” Appl. Opt. 47(18), 3338–3349 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

T. Z. Kosc, J. H. Kelly, E. M. Hill, and L. J. Waxer, “Design and operation of the multiple-pulse driver line on the OMEGA laser,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 717, 012104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhong, X. Hu, and B. Zhang, “Fast focal zooming scheme for direct drive fusion implemented by inserting KD2PO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 369, 145–151 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

D. Hu, J. Dong, D. Xu, X. Huang, W. Zhou, X. Tian, D. Zhou, H. Guo, W. Zhong, X. Deng, Q. Zhu, and W. Zheng, “Generation and measurement of complex laser pulse shapes in the SG-III laser facility,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(4), 041406(2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhong, X. Hu, Z. Li, R. Ye, and B. Zhang, “A novel fast zooming scheme for direct-driven laser fusion,” Wuli Xuebao 64, 054209 (2015).

Y. Zhu, X. Zhao, Y. Hu, D. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Research on focus zooming by oscillator XeCl excimer laser,” Chin. J. Lasers 42(5), 0502010 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Froula, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, T. J. Kessler, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. T. Michel, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, “Laser-beam zooming to mitigate crossed-beam energy losses in direct-drive implosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 145001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Froula, T. J. Kessler, I. V. Igumenshchev, R. Betti, V. N. Goncharov, H. Huang, S. X. Hu, E. Hill, J. H. Kelly, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. Shvydky, and J. D. Zuegel, “Mitigation of cross-beam energy transfer: Implication of two-state focal zooming on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 20(8), 082704 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. M. Kehne, M. Karasik, Y. Aglitsky, Z. Smyth, S. Terrell, J. L. Weaver, Y. Chan, R. H. Lehmberg, and S. P. Obenschain, “Implementation of focal zooming on the Nike KrF laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(1), 013509 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

M. R. Terry, L. J. Perkins, and S. M. Sepke, “Design of a deuterium and tritium-ablator shock ignition target for the National Ignition Facility,” Phys. Plasmas 19(11), 112705 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Theobald, R. Nora, M. Lafon, A. Casner, X. Ribeyre, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, J. A. Delettrez, J. A. Frenje, V. Yu. Glebov, O. V. Gotchev, M. Hohenberger, S. X. Hu, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, G. Schurtz, W. Seka, V. A. Smalyuk, C. Stoeckl, and B. Yaakobi, “Spherical shock-ignition experiments with the 40+20−beam configuration on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 19(10), 102706 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. V. Igumenshchev, W. Seka, D. H. Edgell, D. T. Michel, D. H. Froula, V. N. Goncharov, R. S. Craxton, L. Divol, R. Epstein, R. Follett, J. H. Kelly, T. Z. Kosc, A. V. Maximov, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, P. Michel, J. F. Myatt, T. C. Sangster, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer indirect-drive implosions,” Phys. Plasmas 19(5), 056314 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. H. Froula, I. V. Igumenshchev, D. T. Michel, D. H. Edgell, R. Follett, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, J. Kwiatkowski, F. J. Marshall, P. B. Radha, W. Seka, C. Sorce, S. Stagnitto, C. Stoeckl, and T. C. Sangster, “Increasing hydrodynamic efficiency by reducing cross-beam energy transfer in direct-drive-implosion experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 125003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

M. Temporal, B. Canaud, and B. J. Le Garrec, “Irradiation uniformity and zooming performances for a capsule directly driven by a 32×9 laser beams configuration,” Phys. Plasmas 17(2), 022701 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. J. Le Garrec, C. Hernandez-Gomez, T. Winstone, and J. Collier, “HiPER laser architecture principles,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 244(3), 032020 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, A. V. Maximov, J. F. Myatt, W. Seka, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer in implosion experiments on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 17(12), 122708 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, F. Wang, J. Wang, W. Han, B. Feng, K. Y. Li, F. Q. Li, H. T. Jia, Y. Xiang, L. Q. Wang, W. Zhong, X. M. Zhang, and S. Z. Zhao, “Demonstration of broadband frequency tripling based on cascaded partially deuterated KDP crystals,” J. Opt. 12(7), 075201 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

S. Hocquet, E. Bordenave, J. Goossens, C. Gouedard, L. Videau, and D. Penninckx, “Amplitude modulation filtering of FM-to-AM conversion due to the focusing grating of LMJ,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032016 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Hocquet, D. Penninckx, E. Bordenave, C. Gouédard, and Y. Jaouën, “FM-to-AM conversion in high-power lasers,” Appl. Opt. 47(18), 3338–3349 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Canaud, F. Garaude, C. Clique, N. Lecler, A. Masson, R. Quach, and J. Van der Vliet, “High-gain direct-drive laser fusion with indirect drive beam layout of Laser Megajoule,” Nucl. Fusion 47(12), 1652–1655 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. M. Di-Nicola, N. Fleurot, T. Lonjaret, X. Julien, E. Bordenave, B. Le Garrec, M. Mangeant, G. Behar, T. Chies, C. Feral, H. Graillot, M. Luttmann, F. Jequier, E. Journot, O. Lutz, and G. Thiell, “The LIL facility quadruplet commissioning,” J. Phys. IV 133(119), 595–600 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

J. Q. Su, W. Y. Wang, F. Jing, Z. T. Peng, Q. Q. Zhang, L. Q. Liu, X. F. Cheng, D. X. Hu, J. Yuan, X. F. Wei, and X. M. Zhang, “The code SG99 for high-power laser propagation and its applications,” Proc. SPIE 5627, 527–531 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Néauport, E. Journot, G. Gaborit, and P. Bouchut, “Design, optical characterization, and operation of large transmission gratings for the laser integration line and laser megajoule facilities,” Appl. Opt. 44(16), 3143–3152 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Canaud and F. Garaude, “Optimization of laser-target coupling efficiency for direct drive laser fusion,” Nucl. Fusion 45(12), L43–L47 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

B. Canaud, X. Fortin, F. Garaude, C. Meyer, F. Philippe, M. Temporal, S. Atzeni, and A. Schiabi, “High-gain direct-drive target design for the laser megajoule,” Nucl. Fusion 44(10), 1118–1129 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

C. Yang, R. Zhang, L. Yang, and Q. Xu, “Focusing characteristics and diffraction efficiency of the holographic lens in ICF driver system,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams. 15(3), 234–236 (2003).

1999 (1)

A. Adolf, A. Boscheron, A. Dulac, and E. Journot, “Final optics design for the Laser Megajoule,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 44–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

M. Murakami, K. Nishihara, and H. Azechi, “Irradiation nonuniformity due to imperfections of laser beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 74(2), 802–808 (1993).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

R. H. Lehmberg and J. Goldhar, “Use of incoherence to produce smooth and controllable irradiation profiles with KrF fusion lasers,” Fusion Technol. 11(3), 532–541 (1987).

1983 (1)

S. Skupsky and K. Lee, “Uniformity of energy deposition for laser driven fusion,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3662–3671 (1983).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

J. Nuckolls, L. Wood, A. Thiessen, and G. Zimmerman, “Laser compression of matter to super-high densities: Thermonuclear (CTR) applications,” Nature 239(5368), 139–142 (1972).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

Adolf, A.

A. Adolf, A. Boscheron, A. Dulac, and E. Journot, “Final optics design for the Laser Megajoule,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 44–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

Aglitsky, Y.

D. M. Kehne, M. Karasik, Y. Aglitsky, Z. Smyth, S. Terrell, J. L. Weaver, Y. Chan, R. H. Lehmberg, and S. P. Obenschain, “Implementation of focal zooming on the Nike KrF laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(1), 013509 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anderson, K. S.

R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Theobald, R. Nora, M. Lafon, A. Casner, X. Ribeyre, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, J. A. Delettrez, J. A. Frenje, V. Yu. Glebov, O. V. Gotchev, M. Hohenberger, S. X. Hu, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, G. Schurtz, W. Seka, V. A. Smalyuk, C. Stoeckl, and B. Yaakobi, “Spherical shock-ignition experiments with the 40+20−beam configuration on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 19(10), 102706 (2012).
[Crossref]

Atzeni, S.

B. Canaud, X. Fortin, F. Garaude, C. Meyer, F. Philippe, M. Temporal, S. Atzeni, and A. Schiabi, “High-gain direct-drive target design for the laser megajoule,” Nucl. Fusion 44(10), 1118–1129 (2004).
[Crossref]

Azechi, H.

M. Murakami, K. Nishihara, and H. Azechi, “Irradiation nonuniformity due to imperfections of laser beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 74(2), 802–808 (1993).
[Crossref]

Behar, G.

J. M. Di-Nicola, N. Fleurot, T. Lonjaret, X. Julien, E. Bordenave, B. Le Garrec, M. Mangeant, G. Behar, T. Chies, C. Feral, H. Graillot, M. Luttmann, F. Jequier, E. Journot, O. Lutz, and G. Thiell, “The LIL facility quadruplet commissioning,” J. Phys. IV 133(119), 595–600 (2006).
[Crossref]

Betti, R.

R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. H. Froula, T. J. Kessler, I. V. Igumenshchev, R. Betti, V. N. Goncharov, H. Huang, S. X. Hu, E. Hill, J. H. Kelly, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. Shvydky, and J. D. Zuegel, “Mitigation of cross-beam energy transfer: Implication of two-state focal zooming on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 20(8), 082704 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Theobald, R. Nora, M. Lafon, A. Casner, X. Ribeyre, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, J. A. Delettrez, J. A. Frenje, V. Yu. Glebov, O. V. Gotchev, M. Hohenberger, S. X. Hu, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, G. Schurtz, W. Seka, V. A. Smalyuk, C. Stoeckl, and B. Yaakobi, “Spherical shock-ignition experiments with the 40+20−beam configuration on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 19(10), 102706 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boehly, T. R.

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Bordenave, E.

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Canaud, B.

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B. Canaud, F. Garaude, C. Clique, N. Lecler, A. Masson, R. Quach, and J. Van der Vliet, “High-gain direct-drive laser fusion with indirect drive beam layout of Laser Megajoule,” Nucl. Fusion 47(12), 1652–1655 (2008).
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B. Canaud and F. Garaude, “Optimization of laser-target coupling efficiency for direct drive laser fusion,” Nucl. Fusion 45(12), L43–L47 (2005).
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B. Canaud, X. Fortin, F. Garaude, C. Meyer, F. Philippe, M. Temporal, S. Atzeni, and A. Schiabi, “High-gain direct-drive target design for the laser megajoule,” Nucl. Fusion 44(10), 1118–1129 (2004).
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Casner, A.

W. Theobald, R. Nora, M. Lafon, A. Casner, X. Ribeyre, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, J. A. Delettrez, J. A. Frenje, V. Yu. Glebov, O. V. Gotchev, M. Hohenberger, S. X. Hu, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, G. Schurtz, W. Seka, V. A. Smalyuk, C. Stoeckl, and B. Yaakobi, “Spherical shock-ignition experiments with the 40+20−beam configuration on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 19(10), 102706 (2012).
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Chan, Y.

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J. M. Di-Nicola, N. Fleurot, T. Lonjaret, X. Julien, E. Bordenave, B. Le Garrec, M. Mangeant, G. Behar, T. Chies, C. Feral, H. Graillot, M. Luttmann, F. Jequier, E. Journot, O. Lutz, and G. Thiell, “The LIL facility quadruplet commissioning,” J. Phys. IV 133(119), 595–600 (2006).
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Clique, C.

B. Canaud, F. Garaude, C. Clique, N. Lecler, A. Masson, R. Quach, and J. Van der Vliet, “High-gain direct-drive laser fusion with indirect drive beam layout of Laser Megajoule,” Nucl. Fusion 47(12), 1652–1655 (2008).
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Collier, J.

B. J. Le Garrec, C. Hernandez-Gomez, T. Winstone, and J. Collier, “HiPER laser architecture principles,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 244(3), 032020 (2010).
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Collins, T. J. B.

R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
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Craxton, R. S.

R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, W. Seka, D. H. Edgell, D. T. Michel, D. H. Froula, V. N. Goncharov, R. S. Craxton, L. Divol, R. Epstein, R. Follett, J. H. Kelly, T. Z. Kosc, A. V. Maximov, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, P. Michel, J. F. Myatt, T. C. Sangster, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer indirect-drive implosions,” Phys. Plasmas 19(5), 056314 (2012).
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Delettrez, J. A.

R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
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W. Theobald, R. Nora, M. Lafon, A. Casner, X. Ribeyre, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, J. A. Delettrez, J. A. Frenje, V. Yu. Glebov, O. V. Gotchev, M. Hohenberger, S. X. Hu, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, G. Schurtz, W. Seka, V. A. Smalyuk, C. Stoeckl, and B. Yaakobi, “Spherical shock-ignition experiments with the 40+20−beam configuration on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 19(10), 102706 (2012).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, A. V. Maximov, J. F. Myatt, W. Seka, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer in implosion experiments on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 17(12), 122708 (2010).
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Deng, X.

Di-Nicola, J. M.

J. M. Di-Nicola, N. Fleurot, T. Lonjaret, X. Julien, E. Bordenave, B. Le Garrec, M. Mangeant, G. Behar, T. Chies, C. Feral, H. Graillot, M. Luttmann, F. Jequier, E. Journot, O. Lutz, and G. Thiell, “The LIL facility quadruplet commissioning,” J. Phys. IV 133(119), 595–600 (2006).
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Divol, L.

I. V. Igumenshchev, W. Seka, D. H. Edgell, D. T. Michel, D. H. Froula, V. N. Goncharov, R. S. Craxton, L. Divol, R. Epstein, R. Follett, J. H. Kelly, T. Z. Kosc, A. V. Maximov, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, P. Michel, J. F. Myatt, T. C. Sangster, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer indirect-drive implosions,” Phys. Plasmas 19(5), 056314 (2012).
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Dong, J.

Dulac, A.

A. Adolf, A. Boscheron, A. Dulac, and E. Journot, “Final optics design for the Laser Megajoule,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 44–50 (1999).
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Edgell, D. H.

I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Froula, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, T. J. Kessler, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. T. Michel, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, “Laser-beam zooming to mitigate crossed-beam energy losses in direct-drive implosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 145001 (2013).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, W. Seka, D. H. Edgell, D. T. Michel, D. H. Froula, V. N. Goncharov, R. S. Craxton, L. Divol, R. Epstein, R. Follett, J. H. Kelly, T. Z. Kosc, A. V. Maximov, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, P. Michel, J. F. Myatt, T. C. Sangster, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer indirect-drive implosions,” Phys. Plasmas 19(5), 056314 (2012).
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D. H. Froula, I. V. Igumenshchev, D. T. Michel, D. H. Edgell, R. Follett, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, J. Kwiatkowski, F. J. Marshall, P. B. Radha, W. Seka, C. Sorce, S. Stagnitto, C. Stoeckl, and T. C. Sangster, “Increasing hydrodynamic efficiency by reducing cross-beam energy transfer in direct-drive-implosion experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 125003 (2012).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, A. V. Maximov, J. F. Myatt, W. Seka, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer in implosion experiments on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 17(12), 122708 (2010).
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Epstein, R.

I. V. Igumenshchev, W. Seka, D. H. Edgell, D. T. Michel, D. H. Froula, V. N. Goncharov, R. S. Craxton, L. Divol, R. Epstein, R. Follett, J. H. Kelly, T. Z. Kosc, A. V. Maximov, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, P. Michel, J. F. Myatt, T. C. Sangster, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer indirect-drive implosions,” Phys. Plasmas 19(5), 056314 (2012).
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Feng, B.

W. Wang, F. Wang, J. Wang, W. Han, B. Feng, K. Y. Li, F. Q. Li, H. T. Jia, Y. Xiang, L. Q. Wang, W. Zhong, X. M. Zhang, and S. Z. Zhao, “Demonstration of broadband frequency tripling based on cascaded partially deuterated KDP crystals,” J. Opt. 12(7), 075201 (2010).
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Feral, C.

J. M. Di-Nicola, N. Fleurot, T. Lonjaret, X. Julien, E. Bordenave, B. Le Garrec, M. Mangeant, G. Behar, T. Chies, C. Feral, H. Graillot, M. Luttmann, F. Jequier, E. Journot, O. Lutz, and G. Thiell, “The LIL facility quadruplet commissioning,” J. Phys. IV 133(119), 595–600 (2006).
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Fleurot, N.

J. M. Di-Nicola, N. Fleurot, T. Lonjaret, X. Julien, E. Bordenave, B. Le Garrec, M. Mangeant, G. Behar, T. Chies, C. Feral, H. Graillot, M. Luttmann, F. Jequier, E. Journot, O. Lutz, and G. Thiell, “The LIL facility quadruplet commissioning,” J. Phys. IV 133(119), 595–600 (2006).
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Follett, R.

I. V. Igumenshchev, W. Seka, D. H. Edgell, D. T. Michel, D. H. Froula, V. N. Goncharov, R. S. Craxton, L. Divol, R. Epstein, R. Follett, J. H. Kelly, T. Z. Kosc, A. V. Maximov, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, P. Michel, J. F. Myatt, T. C. Sangster, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer indirect-drive implosions,” Phys. Plasmas 19(5), 056314 (2012).
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D. H. Froula, I. V. Igumenshchev, D. T. Michel, D. H. Edgell, R. Follett, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, J. Kwiatkowski, F. J. Marshall, P. B. Radha, W. Seka, C. Sorce, S. Stagnitto, C. Stoeckl, and T. C. Sangster, “Increasing hydrodynamic efficiency by reducing cross-beam energy transfer in direct-drive-implosion experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 125003 (2012).
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Fortin, X.

B. Canaud, X. Fortin, F. Garaude, C. Meyer, F. Philippe, M. Temporal, S. Atzeni, and A. Schiabi, “High-gain direct-drive target design for the laser megajoule,” Nucl. Fusion 44(10), 1118–1129 (2004).
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Frenje, J. A.

W. Theobald, R. Nora, M. Lafon, A. Casner, X. Ribeyre, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, J. A. Delettrez, J. A. Frenje, V. Yu. Glebov, O. V. Gotchev, M. Hohenberger, S. X. Hu, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, G. Schurtz, W. Seka, V. A. Smalyuk, C. Stoeckl, and B. Yaakobi, “Spherical shock-ignition experiments with the 40+20−beam configuration on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 19(10), 102706 (2012).
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Froula, D. H.

I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Froula, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, T. J. Kessler, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. T. Michel, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, “Laser-beam zooming to mitigate crossed-beam energy losses in direct-drive implosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 145001 (2013).
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D. H. Froula, T. J. Kessler, I. V. Igumenshchev, R. Betti, V. N. Goncharov, H. Huang, S. X. Hu, E. Hill, J. H. Kelly, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. Shvydky, and J. D. Zuegel, “Mitigation of cross-beam energy transfer: Implication of two-state focal zooming on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 20(8), 082704 (2013).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, W. Seka, D. H. Edgell, D. T. Michel, D. H. Froula, V. N. Goncharov, R. S. Craxton, L. Divol, R. Epstein, R. Follett, J. H. Kelly, T. Z. Kosc, A. V. Maximov, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, P. Michel, J. F. Myatt, T. C. Sangster, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer indirect-drive implosions,” Phys. Plasmas 19(5), 056314 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. H. Froula, I. V. Igumenshchev, D. T. Michel, D. H. Edgell, R. Follett, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, J. Kwiatkowski, F. J. Marshall, P. B. Radha, W. Seka, C. Sorce, S. Stagnitto, C. Stoeckl, and T. C. Sangster, “Increasing hydrodynamic efficiency by reducing cross-beam energy transfer in direct-drive-implosion experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 125003 (2012).
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Gaborit, G.

Garaude, F.

B. Canaud, F. Garaude, C. Clique, N. Lecler, A. Masson, R. Quach, and J. Van der Vliet, “High-gain direct-drive laser fusion with indirect drive beam layout of Laser Megajoule,” Nucl. Fusion 47(12), 1652–1655 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Canaud and F. Garaude, “Optimization of laser-target coupling efficiency for direct drive laser fusion,” Nucl. Fusion 45(12), L43–L47 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. Canaud, X. Fortin, F. Garaude, C. Meyer, F. Philippe, M. Temporal, S. Atzeni, and A. Schiabi, “High-gain direct-drive target design for the laser megajoule,” Nucl. Fusion 44(10), 1118–1129 (2004).
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Glebov, V. Yu.

D. H. Froula, I. V. Igumenshchev, D. T. Michel, D. H. Edgell, R. Follett, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, J. Kwiatkowski, F. J. Marshall, P. B. Radha, W. Seka, C. Sorce, S. Stagnitto, C. Stoeckl, and T. C. Sangster, “Increasing hydrodynamic efficiency by reducing cross-beam energy transfer in direct-drive-implosion experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 125003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Theobald, R. Nora, M. Lafon, A. Casner, X. Ribeyre, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, J. A. Delettrez, J. A. Frenje, V. Yu. Glebov, O. V. Gotchev, M. Hohenberger, S. X. Hu, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, G. Schurtz, W. Seka, V. A. Smalyuk, C. Stoeckl, and B. Yaakobi, “Spherical shock-ignition experiments with the 40+20−beam configuration on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 19(10), 102706 (2012).
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Goldhar, J.

R. H. Lehmberg and J. Goldhar, “Use of incoherence to produce smooth and controllable irradiation profiles with KrF fusion lasers,” Fusion Technol. 11(3), 532–541 (1987).

Goncharov, V. N.

R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Froula, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, T. J. Kessler, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. T. Michel, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, “Laser-beam zooming to mitigate crossed-beam energy losses in direct-drive implosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 145001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Froula, T. J. Kessler, I. V. Igumenshchev, R. Betti, V. N. Goncharov, H. Huang, S. X. Hu, E. Hill, J. H. Kelly, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. Shvydky, and J. D. Zuegel, “Mitigation of cross-beam energy transfer: Implication of two-state focal zooming on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 20(8), 082704 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. V. Igumenshchev, W. Seka, D. H. Edgell, D. T. Michel, D. H. Froula, V. N. Goncharov, R. S. Craxton, L. Divol, R. Epstein, R. Follett, J. H. Kelly, T. Z. Kosc, A. V. Maximov, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, P. Michel, J. F. Myatt, T. C. Sangster, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer indirect-drive implosions,” Phys. Plasmas 19(5), 056314 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. H. Froula, I. V. Igumenshchev, D. T. Michel, D. H. Edgell, R. Follett, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, J. Kwiatkowski, F. J. Marshall, P. B. Radha, W. Seka, C. Sorce, S. Stagnitto, C. Stoeckl, and T. C. Sangster, “Increasing hydrodynamic efficiency by reducing cross-beam energy transfer in direct-drive-implosion experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 125003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, A. V. Maximov, J. F. Myatt, W. Seka, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer in implosion experiments on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 17(12), 122708 (2010).
[Crossref]

Goossens, J.

S. Hocquet, E. Bordenave, J. Goossens, C. Gouedard, L. Videau, and D. Penninckx, “Amplitude modulation filtering of FM-to-AM conversion due to the focusing grating of LMJ,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032016 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gotchev, O. V.

W. Theobald, R. Nora, M. Lafon, A. Casner, X. Ribeyre, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, J. A. Delettrez, J. A. Frenje, V. Yu. Glebov, O. V. Gotchev, M. Hohenberger, S. X. Hu, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, G. Schurtz, W. Seka, V. A. Smalyuk, C. Stoeckl, and B. Yaakobi, “Spherical shock-ignition experiments with the 40+20−beam configuration on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 19(10), 102706 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gouedard, C.

S. Hocquet, E. Bordenave, J. Goossens, C. Gouedard, L. Videau, and D. Penninckx, “Amplitude modulation filtering of FM-to-AM conversion due to the focusing grating of LMJ,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032016 (2008).
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Gouédard, C.

Graillot, H.

J. M. Di-Nicola, N. Fleurot, T. Lonjaret, X. Julien, E. Bordenave, B. Le Garrec, M. Mangeant, G. Behar, T. Chies, C. Feral, H. Graillot, M. Luttmann, F. Jequier, E. Journot, O. Lutz, and G. Thiell, “The LIL facility quadruplet commissioning,” J. Phys. IV 133(119), 595–600 (2006).
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Guo, H.

Han, W.

W. Wang, F. Wang, J. Wang, W. Han, B. Feng, K. Y. Li, F. Q. Li, H. T. Jia, Y. Xiang, L. Q. Wang, W. Zhong, X. M. Zhang, and S. Z. Zhao, “Demonstration of broadband frequency tripling based on cascaded partially deuterated KDP crystals,” J. Opt. 12(7), 075201 (2010).
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T. Z. Kosc, J. H. Kelly, E. M. Hill, and L. J. Waxer, “Design and operation of the multiple-pulse driver line on the OMEGA laser,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 717, 012104 (2016).
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Liu, L. Q.

J. Q. Su, W. Y. Wang, F. Jing, Z. T. Peng, Q. Q. Zhang, L. Q. Liu, X. F. Cheng, D. X. Hu, J. Yuan, X. F. Wei, and X. M. Zhang, “The code SG99 for high-power laser propagation and its applications,” Proc. SPIE 5627, 527–531 (2005).
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Lonjaret, T.

J. M. Di-Nicola, N. Fleurot, T. Lonjaret, X. Julien, E. Bordenave, B. Le Garrec, M. Mangeant, G. Behar, T. Chies, C. Feral, H. Graillot, M. Luttmann, F. Jequier, E. Journot, O. Lutz, and G. Thiell, “The LIL facility quadruplet commissioning,” J. Phys. IV 133(119), 595–600 (2006).
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Luttmann, M.

J. M. Di-Nicola, N. Fleurot, T. Lonjaret, X. Julien, E. Bordenave, B. Le Garrec, M. Mangeant, G. Behar, T. Chies, C. Feral, H. Graillot, M. Luttmann, F. Jequier, E. Journot, O. Lutz, and G. Thiell, “The LIL facility quadruplet commissioning,” J. Phys. IV 133(119), 595–600 (2006).
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Lutz, O.

J. M. Di-Nicola, N. Fleurot, T. Lonjaret, X. Julien, E. Bordenave, B. Le Garrec, M. Mangeant, G. Behar, T. Chies, C. Feral, H. Graillot, M. Luttmann, F. Jequier, E. Journot, O. Lutz, and G. Thiell, “The LIL facility quadruplet commissioning,” J. Phys. IV 133(119), 595–600 (2006).
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Mangeant, M.

J. M. Di-Nicola, N. Fleurot, T. Lonjaret, X. Julien, E. Bordenave, B. Le Garrec, M. Mangeant, G. Behar, T. Chies, C. Feral, H. Graillot, M. Luttmann, F. Jequier, E. Journot, O. Lutz, and G. Thiell, “The LIL facility quadruplet commissioning,” J. Phys. IV 133(119), 595–600 (2006).
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Marshall, F. J.

I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Froula, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, T. J. Kessler, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. T. Michel, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, “Laser-beam zooming to mitigate crossed-beam energy losses in direct-drive implosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 145001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Froula, I. V. Igumenshchev, D. T. Michel, D. H. Edgell, R. Follett, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, J. Kwiatkowski, F. J. Marshall, P. B. Radha, W. Seka, C. Sorce, S. Stagnitto, C. Stoeckl, and T. C. Sangster, “Increasing hydrodynamic efficiency by reducing cross-beam energy transfer in direct-drive-implosion experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 125003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Theobald, R. Nora, M. Lafon, A. Casner, X. Ribeyre, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, J. A. Delettrez, J. A. Frenje, V. Yu. Glebov, O. V. Gotchev, M. Hohenberger, S. X. Hu, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, G. Schurtz, W. Seka, V. A. Smalyuk, C. Stoeckl, and B. Yaakobi, “Spherical shock-ignition experiments with the 40+20−beam configuration on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 19(10), 102706 (2012).
[Crossref]

Masson, A.

B. Canaud, F. Garaude, C. Clique, N. Lecler, A. Masson, R. Quach, and J. Van der Vliet, “High-gain direct-drive laser fusion with indirect drive beam layout of Laser Megajoule,” Nucl. Fusion 47(12), 1652–1655 (2008).
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Maximov, A. V.

R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, W. Seka, D. H. Edgell, D. T. Michel, D. H. Froula, V. N. Goncharov, R. S. Craxton, L. Divol, R. Epstein, R. Follett, J. H. Kelly, T. Z. Kosc, A. V. Maximov, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, P. Michel, J. F. Myatt, T. C. Sangster, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer indirect-drive implosions,” Phys. Plasmas 19(5), 056314 (2012).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, A. V. Maximov, J. F. Myatt, W. Seka, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer in implosion experiments on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 17(12), 122708 (2010).
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McCrory, R. L.

R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Froula, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, T. J. Kessler, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. T. Michel, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, “Laser-beam zooming to mitigate crossed-beam energy losses in direct-drive implosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 145001 (2013).
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McKenty, P. W.

R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Froula, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, T. J. Kessler, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. T. Michel, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, “Laser-beam zooming to mitigate crossed-beam energy losses in direct-drive implosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 145001 (2013).
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Meyerhofer, D. D.

R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
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D. H. Froula, T. J. Kessler, I. V. Igumenshchev, R. Betti, V. N. Goncharov, H. Huang, S. X. Hu, E. Hill, J. H. Kelly, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. Shvydky, and J. D. Zuegel, “Mitigation of cross-beam energy transfer: Implication of two-state focal zooming on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 20(8), 082704 (2013).
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R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Froula, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, T. J. Kessler, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. T. Michel, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, “Laser-beam zooming to mitigate crossed-beam energy losses in direct-drive implosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 145001 (2013).
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D. H. Froula, I. V. Igumenshchev, D. T. Michel, D. H. Edgell, R. Follett, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, J. Kwiatkowski, F. J. Marshall, P. B. Radha, W. Seka, C. Sorce, S. Stagnitto, C. Stoeckl, and T. C. Sangster, “Increasing hydrodynamic efficiency by reducing cross-beam energy transfer in direct-drive-implosion experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 125003 (2012).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, W. Seka, D. H. Edgell, D. T. Michel, D. H. Froula, V. N. Goncharov, R. S. Craxton, L. Divol, R. Epstein, R. Follett, J. H. Kelly, T. Z. Kosc, A. V. Maximov, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, P. Michel, J. F. Myatt, T. C. Sangster, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer indirect-drive implosions,” Phys. Plasmas 19(5), 056314 (2012).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, W. Seka, D. H. Edgell, D. T. Michel, D. H. Froula, V. N. Goncharov, R. S. Craxton, L. Divol, R. Epstein, R. Follett, J. H. Kelly, T. Z. Kosc, A. V. Maximov, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, P. Michel, J. F. Myatt, T. C. Sangster, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer indirect-drive implosions,” Phys. Plasmas 19(5), 056314 (2012).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, W. Seka, D. H. Edgell, D. T. Michel, D. H. Froula, V. N. Goncharov, R. S. Craxton, L. Divol, R. Epstein, R. Follett, J. H. Kelly, T. Z. Kosc, A. V. Maximov, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, P. Michel, J. F. Myatt, T. C. Sangster, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer indirect-drive implosions,” Phys. Plasmas 19(5), 056314 (2012).
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R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
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D. H. Froula, I. V. Igumenshchev, D. T. Michel, D. H. Edgell, R. Follett, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, J. Kwiatkowski, F. J. Marshall, P. B. Radha, W. Seka, C. Sorce, S. Stagnitto, C. Stoeckl, and T. C. Sangster, “Increasing hydrodynamic efficiency by reducing cross-beam energy transfer in direct-drive-implosion experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 125003 (2012).
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R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
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R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
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I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Froula, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, T. J. Kessler, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. T. Michel, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, “Laser-beam zooming to mitigate crossed-beam energy losses in direct-drive implosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 145001 (2013).
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D. H. Froula, I. V. Igumenshchev, D. T. Michel, D. H. Edgell, R. Follett, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, J. Kwiatkowski, F. J. Marshall, P. B. Radha, W. Seka, C. Sorce, S. Stagnitto, C. Stoeckl, and T. C. Sangster, “Increasing hydrodynamic efficiency by reducing cross-beam energy transfer in direct-drive-implosion experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 125003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. V. Igumenshchev, W. Seka, D. H. Edgell, D. T. Michel, D. H. Froula, V. N. Goncharov, R. S. Craxton, L. Divol, R. Epstein, R. Follett, J. H. Kelly, T. Z. Kosc, A. V. Maximov, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, P. Michel, J. F. Myatt, T. C. Sangster, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer indirect-drive implosions,” Phys. Plasmas 19(5), 056314 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Theobald, R. Nora, M. Lafon, A. Casner, X. Ribeyre, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, J. A. Delettrez, J. A. Frenje, V. Yu. Glebov, O. V. Gotchev, M. Hohenberger, S. X. Hu, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, G. Schurtz, W. Seka, V. A. Smalyuk, C. Stoeckl, and B. Yaakobi, “Spherical shock-ignition experiments with the 40+20−beam configuration on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 19(10), 102706 (2012).
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Schiabi, A.

B. Canaud, X. Fortin, F. Garaude, C. Meyer, F. Philippe, M. Temporal, S. Atzeni, and A. Schiabi, “High-gain direct-drive target design for the laser megajoule,” Nucl. Fusion 44(10), 1118–1129 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schmitt, A. J.

R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
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W. Theobald, R. Nora, M. Lafon, A. Casner, X. Ribeyre, K. S. Anderson, R. Betti, J. A. Delettrez, J. A. Frenje, V. Yu. Glebov, O. V. Gotchev, M. Hohenberger, S. X. Hu, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, G. Schurtz, W. Seka, V. A. Smalyuk, C. Stoeckl, and B. Yaakobi, “Spherical shock-ignition experiments with the 40+20−beam configuration on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 19(10), 102706 (2012).
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R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Froula, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, T. J. Kessler, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. T. Michel, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, “Laser-beam zooming to mitigate crossed-beam energy losses in direct-drive implosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 145001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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I. V. Igumenshchev, D. H. Edgell, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, A. V. Maximov, J. F. Myatt, W. Seka, A. Shvydky, S. Skupsky, and C. Stoeckl, “Crossed-beam energy transfer in implosion experiments on OMEGA,” Phys. Plasmas 17(12), 122708 (2010).
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W. Wang, F. Wang, J. Wang, W. Han, B. Feng, K. Y. Li, F. Q. Li, H. T. Jia, Y. Xiang, L. Q. Wang, W. Zhong, X. M. Zhang, and S. Z. Zhao, “Demonstration of broadband frequency tripling based on cascaded partially deuterated KDP crystals,” J. Opt. 12(7), 075201 (2010).
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Z. Zhong, X. Hu, and B. Zhang, “Fast focal zooming scheme for direct drive fusion implemented by inserting KD2PO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 369, 145–151 (2016).
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Z. Zhong, X. Hu, Z. Li, R. Ye, and B. Zhang, “A novel fast zooming scheme for direct-driven laser fusion,” Wuli Xuebao 64, 054209 (2015).

Zhou, D.

Zhou, W.

Zhu, Q.

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R. S. Craxton, K. S. Anderson, T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, R. L. McCrory, P. W. McKenty, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. F. Myatt, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. W. Short, S. Skupsky, W. Theobald, W. L. Kruer, K. Tanaka, R. Betti, T. J. B. Collins, J. A. Delettrez, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, A. V. Maximov, D. T. Michel, P. B. Radha, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, A. A. Solodov, J. M. Soures, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “Direct-drive inertial confinement fusion: A review,” Phys. Plasmas 22(11), 110501 (2015).
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Appl. Opt. (2)

Chin. J. Lasers (1)

Y. Zhu, X. Zhao, Y. Hu, D. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Research on focus zooming by oscillator XeCl excimer laser,” Chin. J. Lasers 42(5), 0502010 (2015).
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Nature (1)

J. Nuckolls, L. Wood, A. Thiessen, and G. Zimmerman, “Laser compression of matter to super-high densities: Thermonuclear (CTR) applications,” Nature 239(5368), 139–142 (1972).
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Opt. Commun. (1)

Z. Zhong, X. Hu, and B. Zhang, “Fast focal zooming scheme for direct drive fusion implemented by inserting KD2PO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 369, 145–151 (2016).
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J. Q. Su, W. Y. Wang, F. Jing, Z. T. Peng, Q. Q. Zhang, L. Q. Liu, X. F. Cheng, D. X. Hu, J. Yuan, X. F. Wei, and X. M. Zhang, “The code SG99 for high-power laser propagation and its applications,” Proc. SPIE 5627, 527–531 (2005).
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D. M. Kehne, M. Karasik, Y. Aglitsky, Z. Smyth, S. Terrell, J. L. Weaver, Y. Chan, R. H. Lehmberg, and S. P. Obenschain, “Implementation of focal zooming on the Nike KrF laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(1), 013509 (2013).
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Wuli Xuebao (1)

Z. Zhong, X. Hu, Z. Li, R. Ye, and B. Zhang, “A novel fast zooming scheme for direct-driven laser fusion,” Wuli Xuebao 64, 054209 (2015).

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The beamlet propagation based on focusing grating. The pulse upon front-end varying from purple to red means wavelength of broadband pulse getting longer as pulse duration.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Geometry of single-beamlet optical zooming based on focusing grating. The beam color varying from purple to red also means wavelength of broadband pulse getting longer as pulse duration
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Amplification and frequency conversion respectively with narrowband and broadband pulse for the SG-III laser architecture. (a) Narrow band laser pulse with frequency converter consists of a 12-mm-thick Type I KDP doubler and a 9-mm-thick Type II KDP tripler. (b) 1 nm broadband pulse with the same injection and frequency converter as narrow band. (c) 3 nm broadband pulse with the same injection as narrow band and different frequency converter configuration of Type-I + Type-II/Type-II. (d) Compensation results of 1 nm broadband pulse to equal 3rd output of narrowband.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Geometry of focusing grating record. Focusing grating is interfered by referable light source (R) and object light source (O). Image (I) reappears when reproducing light source (C) irradiates grating.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The simulation of focal spot variation. (a) Focal spot size getting smaller with decreasing wavelength. (b) Azimuthally averaged intensity distribution of the focal spot at 350.83 nm and 351.17 nm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The simulation of focal spot variation with chirped (1.0 nm at 1ω) and sinusoidal phase modulations (modulation frequency of 2.488 GHz, bandwidth of 0.3 nm at 1ω). (a) Phase and phase derivative of 3ω light varies as pulse duration. (b) Focal spot section varies as pulse duration.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Part structure of focusing grating at 50 times of amplification ratio.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Test configuration of focal spot measure based on focusing grating at different wavelength.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Measured wavefront distribution. (a) The wavefront distribution at minimum wavelength (taken as reference); (b) The wavefront distribution at maximum wavelength; (c)The defocusing distribution separated from (b); (d) The residual wavefront distribution wiping off defocusing from (b).
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Results by theoretical calculation and three experimental tests.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Results of the spot size variation derived by one of experimental tests and comparison with theoretical simulation in large grating condition. (a) With 300 µm shaping CPP; (b) Without CPP.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

1 R i 1 R c = λ λ 0 ( 1 R o 1 R r ).
1 R i = λ λ 0 1 R o .
f= λ 0 λ f 0 .
ρ m = 2mfλcos(θ) .
Δw= D eff 2 Δf 8 f target 2 .
Δ f lg 4m = Δf 0.4m .

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