Abstract

We investigate the performance of our recently proposed novel subsystem modular OXC node that achieves graceful modular growth without any service disruption. Simulation experiments under a realistic traffic increase scenario verify that the node architecture offers almost the same performance as the conventional large scale OXC node, while greatly reducing the number of WSSs needed and allowing the use of small degree WSSs. It is shown that both the number of WSSs traversed and total end-to-end optical loss can be substantially reduced.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  2. R. Egorov, “Next generation ROADM architecture and design,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper NW1J.3.
  3. S. Woodward, “ROADM options in optical networks: flexible grid or not?” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh3B.1.
    [Crossref]
  4. K. Kubota, “Beyond HDTV-ultra high-definition television system,” Presented at 2nd Multimedia Conference (2006).
  5. K. Oyamada, T. Nakatogawa, and M. Nakamura, “Ultra-high-definition television and its optical transmission,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E94-B(4), 876–883 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. L. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, M. Feuer, J. W. Gannett, J. Jackel, G. T. Kim, J. G. Klincewicz, T. J. Kwon, G. Li, P. Magill, J. M. Simmons, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, A. V. Lehmen, B. J. Wilson, S. L. Woodward, and D. Xu, “Architectures and protocols for capacity efficient, highly dynamic and highly resilient core networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(1), 1–14 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. Liu and L. Chen, “Deployment of carrier-grade bandwidth-on-demand services over optical transport networks: A Verizon experience,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper NThC3.
  8. V. Shukla, D. Brown, C. J. Hunt, T. Mueller, and E. Varma, “Next generation optical network - enabling dynamic bandwidth services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper NWB3.
    [Crossref]
  9. S. Beckett and M. A. Lazer, “Optical mesh service-service strategy capitalizing on industry trends,” Presented at OIF Workshop (2006).
  10. P. Pagnan and M. Schiano, “A λ switched photonic network for the new transport backbone of Telecom Italia,” in Photonics in Switching, IEEE Technical Digest (CD) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009), paper ThII2–1.
  11. G. Rizzelli, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, ” WSS requirements in next-generation wavelength switched optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4B.1.
    [Crossref]
  12. R. Younce, J. Larikova, and Y. Wang, “Engineering 400G for colorless-directionless-contentionless Architecture in Metro/Regional Networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 5(10), A267–A273 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  13. B. Collings, “The next generation of ROADM devices for evolving network applications,” Market Focus of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2011).
  14. M. Filer and S. Tibuleac, “N-degree ROADM architecture comparison: broadcast-and-select versus route-and-select in 120 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th1I.2.
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Morea, J. Renaudier, A. Ghazisaeidi, O. B. Pardo, and T. Zami, “Impact of reducing channel spacing from 50GHz to 37.5GHz in fully transparent meshed networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th1E.4.
  16. Y. Iwai, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Large-scale photonic node architecture that utilizes interconnected small scale optical cross-connect sub-systems,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper We.3.D.3.
    [Crossref]
  17. Y. Iwai, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “OXC hardware scale reduction attained by using interconnected subsystem architecture,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper NW1J.2.
    [Crossref]
  18. K. Sato, “Challenges and opportunities of photonic networking technologies,” in OptoElectronics and Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper WQ1–1.
  19. H. Hasegawa, Y. Tanaka, K.-I. Sato, and Y. Iwai, “Subsystem modular OXC architecture that achieves disruption free port count expansion,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, IET Technical Digest (CD) (The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2013), paper Th.2.E.4.
    [Crossref]
  20. Y. Tanaka, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Performance evaluations of large-scale OXC that achieves modular and hitless expansion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper W2A.50.
    [Crossref]
  21. M. D. Feuer and S. L. Woodward, “Advanced ROADM networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NW3F.3.
  22. I. Kim, P. Palacharla1, X. Wang, D. Bihon, M. D. Feuer, and S. L. Woodward, “Performance of colorless, non-directional ROADMs with modular client-side fiber cross-connects,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NM3F.7.
  23. T. Zami, “Contention simulation within dynamic, colorless and unidirectional/multidirectional optical cross-connects,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.8.K.4.
    [Crossref]
  24. H. Ishida, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “An efficient add/drop architecture for large-scale subsystem-modular OXC,” in International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, IEEE Technical Digest (CD) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2013), paper We.A1.5.
    [Crossref]
  25. H. Ishida, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Hardware scale and performance evaluation of compact OXC add/drop architecture,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper W1C.7.
    [Crossref]
  26. K. Sato, “Implication of inter-node and intra-node contention in creating large throughput photonic networks,” in Optical Network Design and Modeling, IEEE Technical Digest (CD) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), paper S7_1.
  27. Y. Iwai, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Efficient routing strategies for interconnected small scale OXC sub-system networks,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper ATh2D.2.
    [Crossref]
  28. R. Inkret, A. Kuchar, and B. Mikac, Advanced infrastructure for photonic networks – extended final report of COST 266 action. (Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb, 2003), Chap.1.
  29. S. F. Gieselman, N. K. Singhal, and B. Mukherjee, “Minimum-cost virtual-topology adaptation for optical WDM mesh networks”, in International Conference on Communications, IEEE Technical Digest (CD) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), paper ON10–2.

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

K. Oyamada, T. Nakatogawa, and M. Nakamura, “Ultra-high-definition television and its optical transmission,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E94-B(4), 876–883 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

Chiu, A. L.

Choudhury, G.

Clapp, G.

Doverspike, R.

Feuer, M.

Gannett, J. W.

Hasegawa, H.

Jackel, J.

Kim, G. T.

Klincewicz, J. G.

Kwon, T. J.

Larikova, J.

Lehmen, A. V.

Li, G.

Magill, P.

Nakamura, M.

K. Oyamada, T. Nakatogawa, and M. Nakamura, “Ultra-high-definition television and its optical transmission,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E94-B(4), 876–883 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nakatogawa, T.

K. Oyamada, T. Nakatogawa, and M. Nakamura, “Ultra-high-definition television and its optical transmission,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E94-B(4), 876–883 (2011).
[Crossref]

Oyamada, K.

K. Oyamada, T. Nakatogawa, and M. Nakamura, “Ultra-high-definition television and its optical transmission,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E94-B(4), 876–883 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sato, K.

Simmons, J. M.

Skoog, R. A.

Strand, J.

Wang, Y.

Wilson, B. J.

Woodward, S. L.

Xu, D.

Younce, R.

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

K. Oyamada, T. Nakatogawa, and M. Nakamura, “Ultra-high-definition television and its optical transmission,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E94-B(4), 876–883 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (3)

Other (25)

S. Liu and L. Chen, “Deployment of carrier-grade bandwidth-on-demand services over optical transport networks: A Verizon experience,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper NThC3.

V. Shukla, D. Brown, C. J. Hunt, T. Mueller, and E. Varma, “Next generation optical network - enabling dynamic bandwidth services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper NWB3.
[Crossref]

S. Beckett and M. A. Lazer, “Optical mesh service-service strategy capitalizing on industry trends,” Presented at OIF Workshop (2006).

P. Pagnan and M. Schiano, “A λ switched photonic network for the new transport backbone of Telecom Italia,” in Photonics in Switching, IEEE Technical Digest (CD) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009), paper ThII2–1.

G. Rizzelli, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, ” WSS requirements in next-generation wavelength switched optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4B.1.
[Crossref]

B. Collings, “The next generation of ROADM devices for evolving network applications,” Market Focus of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2011).

M. Filer and S. Tibuleac, “N-degree ROADM architecture comparison: broadcast-and-select versus route-and-select in 120 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th1I.2.
[Crossref]

A. Morea, J. Renaudier, A. Ghazisaeidi, O. B. Pardo, and T. Zami, “Impact of reducing channel spacing from 50GHz to 37.5GHz in fully transparent meshed networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th1E.4.

Y. Iwai, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Large-scale photonic node architecture that utilizes interconnected small scale optical cross-connect sub-systems,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper We.3.D.3.
[Crossref]

Y. Iwai, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “OXC hardware scale reduction attained by using interconnected subsystem architecture,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper NW1J.2.
[Crossref]

K. Sato, “Challenges and opportunities of photonic networking technologies,” in OptoElectronics and Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper WQ1–1.

H. Hasegawa, Y. Tanaka, K.-I. Sato, and Y. Iwai, “Subsystem modular OXC architecture that achieves disruption free port count expansion,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, IET Technical Digest (CD) (The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2013), paper Th.2.E.4.
[Crossref]

Y. Tanaka, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Performance evaluations of large-scale OXC that achieves modular and hitless expansion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper W2A.50.
[Crossref]

M. D. Feuer and S. L. Woodward, “Advanced ROADM networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NW3F.3.

I. Kim, P. Palacharla1, X. Wang, D. Bihon, M. D. Feuer, and S. L. Woodward, “Performance of colorless, non-directional ROADMs with modular client-side fiber cross-connects,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NM3F.7.

T. Zami, “Contention simulation within dynamic, colorless and unidirectional/multidirectional optical cross-connects,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.8.K.4.
[Crossref]

H. Ishida, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “An efficient add/drop architecture for large-scale subsystem-modular OXC,” in International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, IEEE Technical Digest (CD) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2013), paper We.A1.5.
[Crossref]

H. Ishida, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Hardware scale and performance evaluation of compact OXC add/drop architecture,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper W1C.7.
[Crossref]

K. Sato, “Implication of inter-node and intra-node contention in creating large throughput photonic networks,” in Optical Network Design and Modeling, IEEE Technical Digest (CD) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), paper S7_1.

Y. Iwai, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Efficient routing strategies for interconnected small scale OXC sub-system networks,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper ATh2D.2.
[Crossref]

R. Inkret, A. Kuchar, and B. Mikac, Advanced infrastructure for photonic networks – extended final report of COST 266 action. (Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb, 2003), Chap.1.

S. F. Gieselman, N. K. Singhal, and B. Mukherjee, “Minimum-cost virtual-topology adaptation for optical WDM mesh networks”, in International Conference on Communications, IEEE Technical Digest (CD) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014), paper ON10–2.

R. Egorov, “Next generation ROADM architecture and design,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper NW1J.3.

S. Woodward, “ROADM options in optical networks: flexible grid or not?” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh3B.1.
[Crossref]

K. Kubota, “Beyond HDTV-ultra high-definition television system,” Presented at 2nd Multimedia Conference (2006).

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Figures (15)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 WSS based OXC architecture.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Subsystem modular architecture (ring-type interconnection).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Inter node fiber connection example between OXC-subsystems.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Subsystem modular architecture (linear interconnection).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Connection example between OXC-subsystems (round-robin) in the neighboring nodes.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 A path routing example for Fintra = 2.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Network topologies.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Flowchart of blocking classification.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Blocking classification.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Accepted traffic demand ratio.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Network performance of proposed nodes compared to the conventional nodes (5x5 poly-grid network).
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Network performance of proposed nodes compared to the conventional nodes (COST266 Pan-European network).
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Distribution of paths that traversed different numbers of intra-node fibers.
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 Number of traversed WSSs.
Fig. 15
Fig. 15 End-to-end optical loss at nodes.

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