Abstract

The general structure of a free-space optical (FSO) communication system based on astronomical telescopes is proposed. The light path for astronomical observation and for communication can be easily switched. A separate camera is used as a star sensor to determine the pointing direction of the optical terminal’s antenna. The new system exhibits rapid acquisition and is widely applicable in various astronomical telescope systems and wavelengths. We present a detailed analysis of the acquisition time, which can be decreased by one order of magnitude compared with traditional optical communication systems. Furthermore, we verify software algorithms and tracking accuracy.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Optimization method of star tracker orientation for sun-synchronous orbit based on space light distribution

Geng Wang, Fei Xing, Minsong Wei, Ting Sun, and Zheng You
Appl. Opt. 56(15) 4480-4490 (2017)

Star spot location estimation using Kalman filter for star tracker

Hai-bo Liu, Jian-kun Yang, Jiong-qi Wang, Ji-chun Tan, and Xiu-jian Li
Appl. Opt. 50(12) 1735-1744 (2011)

Celestial background noise analysis for laser intersatellite links

Qinglong Yang, Liying Tan, Qiqi Han, Jing Ma, and Wanqing Xie
Appl. Opt. 47(32) 6103-6111 (2008)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. M. Freemon, K.-T. Lim, J. Becla, G. P. Dubois-Felsman, and J. Kantor, “Data management cyberinfrastructure for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 8451, 84510V (2012).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. G. Baister, K. Kudielka, T. Dreischer, and M. Tüchler, “Results from the DOLCE (Deep Space Optical Link Communications Experiment) project,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 71990B (2009).
    [Crossref]
  5. E. Lee, J. Park, D. Han, and G. Yoon, “Performance analysis of the asymmetric dual-hop relay transmission with mixed RF/FSO links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1642–1644 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  6. W. T. Roberts, H. L. Petrie, A. J. Pickles, R. P. Thicksten, and C. Echols, “Feasibility of utilizing the 200-inch Hale telescope as a deep-space optical receiver,” Proc. SPIE 5550, 326–335 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  7. W. T. Roberts, G. G. Ortiz, and T. A. Boyd, “Daytime use of astronomical telescopes for deep-space optical links,” Proc. SPIE 6105, 61050G (2006).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Carrasco-Casado, M. Vilera, R. Vergaz, and J. F. Cabrero, “Feasibility of utilizing Cherenkov Telescope Array gamma-ray telescopes as free-space optical communication ground stations,” Appl. Opt. 52(11), 2353–2362 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. A. J. Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Analysis of telescope array receivers for deep-space inter-planetary optical communication link between Earth and Mars,” J. Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2032–2042 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. E. Perez, M. Bailly, and J. M. Pairot, “Pointing acquisition and tracking system for silex inter satellite optical link,” Proc. SPIE 1111, 277–288 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  11. L. W. Cassidy, “Miniature star tracker for precise attitude reference in space,” Proc. SPIE 2210, 142–149 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  12. I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M.-S. Alouini, “Impact of pointing errors on the performance of mixed RF/FSO dual-hop transmission systems,” IEEE Wireless Commun. Lett. 2(3), 351–354 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  13. K. Nakagawa and A. Yamamoto, “Preliminary design of Laser Utilizing Communications Equipment (LUCE) installed on Optical Inter-Orbit Communications Engineering Test Satellite (OICETS),” Proc. SPIE 2381, 14–25 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  14. T. Jono, M. Toyoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamamoto, K. Shiratama, T. Kurii, and Y. Koyama, “Acquisition, tracking, and pointing systems of OICETS for free space laser communications,” Proc. SPIE 3692, 41–50 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  15. R. A. Cockshott and D. J. Purll, “SILEX acquisition and tracking sensors,” Proc. SPIE 2381, 206–214 (1995).
    [Crossref]

2013 (2)

A. Carrasco-Casado, M. Vilera, R. Vergaz, and J. F. Cabrero, “Feasibility of utilizing Cherenkov Telescope Array gamma-ray telescopes as free-space optical communication ground stations,” Appl. Opt. 52(11), 2353–2362 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M.-S. Alouini, “Impact of pointing errors on the performance of mixed RF/FSO dual-hop transmission systems,” IEEE Wireless Commun. Lett. 2(3), 351–354 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

D. M. Freemon, K.-T. Lim, J. Becla, G. P. Dubois-Felsman, and J. Kantor, “Data management cyberinfrastructure for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 8451, 84510V (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

E. Lee, J. Park, D. Han, and G. Yoon, “Performance analysis of the asymmetric dual-hop relay transmission with mixed RF/FSO links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1642–1644 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

A. J. Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Analysis of telescope array receivers for deep-space inter-planetary optical communication link between Earth and Mars,” J. Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2032–2042 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Baister, K. Kudielka, T. Dreischer, and M. Tüchler, “Results from the DOLCE (Deep Space Optical Link Communications Experiment) project,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 71990B (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

W. T. Roberts, G. G. Ortiz, and T. A. Boyd, “Daytime use of astronomical telescopes for deep-space optical links,” Proc. SPIE 6105, 61050G (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

W. T. Roberts, H. L. Petrie, A. J. Pickles, R. P. Thicksten, and C. Echols, “Feasibility of utilizing the 200-inch Hale telescope as a deep-space optical receiver,” Proc. SPIE 5550, 326–335 (2004).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

T. Jono, M. Toyoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamamoto, K. Shiratama, T. Kurii, and Y. Koyama, “Acquisition, tracking, and pointing systems of OICETS for free space laser communications,” Proc. SPIE 3692, 41–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

R. A. Cockshott and D. J. Purll, “SILEX acquisition and tracking sensors,” Proc. SPIE 2381, 206–214 (1995).
[Crossref]

K. Nakagawa and A. Yamamoto, “Preliminary design of Laser Utilizing Communications Equipment (LUCE) installed on Optical Inter-Orbit Communications Engineering Test Satellite (OICETS),” Proc. SPIE 2381, 14–25 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

L. W. Cassidy, “Miniature star tracker for precise attitude reference in space,” Proc. SPIE 2210, 142–149 (1994).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

E. Perez, M. Bailly, and J. M. Pairot, “Pointing acquisition and tracking system for silex inter satellite optical link,” Proc. SPIE 1111, 277–288 (1989).
[Crossref]

Adibi, A.

A. J. Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Analysis of telescope array receivers for deep-space inter-planetary optical communication link between Earth and Mars,” J. Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2032–2042 (2010).
[Crossref]

Alouini, M.-S.

I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M.-S. Alouini, “Impact of pointing errors on the performance of mixed RF/FSO dual-hop transmission systems,” IEEE Wireless Commun. Lett. 2(3), 351–354 (2013).
[Crossref]

Amoozegar, F.

A. J. Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Analysis of telescope array receivers for deep-space inter-planetary optical communication link between Earth and Mars,” J. Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2032–2042 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ansari, I. S.

I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M.-S. Alouini, “Impact of pointing errors on the performance of mixed RF/FSO dual-hop transmission systems,” IEEE Wireless Commun. Lett. 2(3), 351–354 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bailly, M.

E. Perez, M. Bailly, and J. M. Pairot, “Pointing acquisition and tracking system for silex inter satellite optical link,” Proc. SPIE 1111, 277–288 (1989).
[Crossref]

Baister, G.

G. Baister, K. Kudielka, T. Dreischer, and M. Tüchler, “Results from the DOLCE (Deep Space Optical Link Communications Experiment) project,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 71990B (2009).
[Crossref]

Becla, J.

D. M. Freemon, K.-T. Lim, J. Becla, G. P. Dubois-Felsman, and J. Kantor, “Data management cyberinfrastructure for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 8451, 84510V (2012).
[Crossref]

Boehmer, K.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Boyd, T. A.

W. T. Roberts, G. G. Ortiz, and T. A. Boyd, “Daytime use of astronomical telescopes for deep-space optical links,” Proc. SPIE 6105, 61050G (2006).
[Crossref]

Brown, T.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cabrero, J. F.

Calzetti, D.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Carrasco-Casado, A.

Cassidy, L. W.

L. W. Cassidy, “Miniature star tracker for precise attitude reference in space,” Proc. SPIE 2210, 142–149 (1994).
[Crossref]

Cockshott, R. A.

R. A. Cockshott and D. J. Purll, “SILEX acquisition and tracking sensors,” Proc. SPIE 2381, 206–214 (1995).
[Crossref]

Czichy, R.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dallman, D.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dreischer, T.

G. Baister, K. Kudielka, T. Dreischer, and M. Tüchler, “Results from the DOLCE (Deep Space Optical Link Communications Experiment) project,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 71990B (2009).
[Crossref]

Dubois-Felsman, G. P.

D. M. Freemon, K.-T. Lim, J. Becla, G. P. Dubois-Felsman, and J. Kantor, “Data management cyberinfrastructure for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 8451, 84510V (2012).
[Crossref]

Echols, C.

W. T. Roberts, H. L. Petrie, A. J. Pickles, R. P. Thicksten, and C. Echols, “Feasibility of utilizing the 200-inch Hale telescope as a deep-space optical receiver,” Proc. SPIE 5550, 326–335 (2004).
[Crossref]

Eftekhar, A. A.

A. J. Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Analysis of telescope array receivers for deep-space inter-planetary optical communication link between Earth and Mars,” J. Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2032–2042 (2010).
[Crossref]

Feldhaus, T.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Freemon, D. M.

D. M. Freemon, K.-T. Lim, J. Becla, G. P. Dubois-Felsman, and J. Kantor, “Data management cyberinfrastructure for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 8451, 84510V (2012).
[Crossref]

Freier, A.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Giavalisco, M.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Greulich, P.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Han, D.

E. Lee, J. Park, D. Han, and G. Yoon, “Performance analysis of the asymmetric dual-hop relay transmission with mixed RF/FSO links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1642–1644 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hashmi, A. J.

A. J. Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Analysis of telescope array receivers for deep-space inter-planetary optical communication link between Earth and Mars,” J. Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2032–2042 (2010).
[Crossref]

Heine, F.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hildebrand, U.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hyde, T.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jono, T.

T. Jono, M. Toyoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamamoto, K. Shiratama, T. Kurii, and Y. Koyama, “Acquisition, tracking, and pointing systems of OICETS for free space laser communications,” Proc. SPIE 3692, 41–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kaempfner, H.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kantor, J.

D. M. Freemon, K.-T. Lim, J. Becla, G. P. Dubois-Felsman, and J. Kantor, “Data management cyberinfrastructure for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 8451, 84510V (2012).
[Crossref]

Koyama, Y.

T. Jono, M. Toyoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamamoto, K. Shiratama, T. Kurii, and Y. Koyama, “Acquisition, tracking, and pointing systems of OICETS for free space laser communications,” Proc. SPIE 3692, 41–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kudielka, K.

G. Baister, K. Kudielka, T. Dreischer, and M. Tüchler, “Results from the DOLCE (Deep Space Optical Link Communications Experiment) project,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 71990B (2009).
[Crossref]

Kurii, T.

T. Jono, M. Toyoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamamoto, K. Shiratama, T. Kurii, and Y. Koyama, “Acquisition, tracking, and pointing systems of OICETS for free space laser communications,” Proc. SPIE 3692, 41–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lange, R.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, E.

E. Lee, J. Park, D. Han, and G. Yoon, “Performance analysis of the asymmetric dual-hop relay transmission with mixed RF/FSO links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1642–1644 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lim, K.-T.

D. M. Freemon, K.-T. Lim, J. Becla, G. P. Dubois-Felsman, and J. Kantor, “Data management cyberinfrastructure for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 8451, 84510V (2012).
[Crossref]

Meyer, R.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mountain, M.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Muehlnike, G.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mueller, J.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nakagawa, K.

T. Jono, M. Toyoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamamoto, K. Shiratama, T. Kurii, and Y. Koyama, “Acquisition, tracking, and pointing systems of OICETS for free space laser communications,” Proc. SPIE 3692, 41–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

K. Nakagawa and A. Yamamoto, “Preliminary design of Laser Utilizing Communications Equipment (LUCE) installed on Optical Inter-Orbit Communications Engineering Test Satellite (OICETS),” Proc. SPIE 2381, 14–25 (1995).
[Crossref]

Oegerle, W.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ortiz, G. G.

W. T. Roberts, G. G. Ortiz, and T. A. Boyd, “Daytime use of astronomical telescopes for deep-space optical links,” Proc. SPIE 6105, 61050G (2006).
[Crossref]

Pairot, J. M.

E. Perez, M. Bailly, and J. M. Pairot, “Pointing acquisition and tracking system for silex inter satellite optical link,” Proc. SPIE 1111, 277–288 (1989).
[Crossref]

Park, J.

E. Lee, J. Park, D. Han, and G. Yoon, “Performance analysis of the asymmetric dual-hop relay transmission with mixed RF/FSO links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1642–1644 (2011).
[Crossref]

Perez, E.

E. Perez, M. Bailly, and J. M. Pairot, “Pointing acquisition and tracking system for silex inter satellite optical link,” Proc. SPIE 1111, 277–288 (1989).
[Crossref]

Petrie, H. L.

W. T. Roberts, H. L. Petrie, A. J. Pickles, R. P. Thicksten, and C. Echols, “Feasibility of utilizing the 200-inch Hale telescope as a deep-space optical receiver,” Proc. SPIE 5550, 326–335 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pickles, A. J.

W. T. Roberts, H. L. Petrie, A. J. Pickles, R. P. Thicksten, and C. Echols, “Feasibility of utilizing the 200-inch Hale telescope as a deep-space optical receiver,” Proc. SPIE 5550, 326–335 (2004).
[Crossref]

Postman, M.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Purll, D. J.

R. A. Cockshott and D. J. Purll, “SILEX acquisition and tracking sensors,” Proc. SPIE 2381, 206–214 (1995).
[Crossref]

Reinhardt, M.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rich, R. M.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Roberts, W. T.

W. T. Roberts, G. G. Ortiz, and T. A. Boyd, “Daytime use of astronomical telescopes for deep-space optical links,” Proc. SPIE 6105, 61050G (2006).
[Crossref]

W. T. Roberts, H. L. Petrie, A. J. Pickles, R. P. Thicksten, and C. Echols, “Feasibility of utilizing the 200-inch Hale telescope as a deep-space optical receiver,” Proc. SPIE 5550, 326–335 (2004).
[Crossref]

Seel, S.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sembach, K.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shiratama, K.

T. Jono, M. Toyoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamamoto, K. Shiratama, T. Kurii, and Y. Koyama, “Acquisition, tracking, and pointing systems of OICETS for free space laser communications,” Proc. SPIE 3692, 41–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

Smutny, B.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Soummer, R.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stahl, H. P.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stapelfeldt, K.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sterr, U.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Thicksten, R. P.

W. T. Roberts, H. L. Petrie, A. J. Pickles, R. P. Thicksten, and C. Echols, “Feasibility of utilizing the 200-inch Hale telescope as a deep-space optical receiver,” Proc. SPIE 5550, 326–335 (2004).
[Crossref]

Toyoda, M.

T. Jono, M. Toyoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamamoto, K. Shiratama, T. Kurii, and Y. Koyama, “Acquisition, tracking, and pointing systems of OICETS for free space laser communications,” Proc. SPIE 3692, 41–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

Traub, W.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tüchler, M.

G. Baister, K. Kudielka, T. Dreischer, and M. Tüchler, “Results from the DOLCE (Deep Space Optical Link Communications Experiment) project,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 71990B (2009).
[Crossref]

Tumlinson, J.

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vergaz, R.

Vilera, M.

Wandernoth, B.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Weichert, A.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, A.

T. Jono, M. Toyoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamamoto, K. Shiratama, T. Kurii, and Y. Koyama, “Acquisition, tracking, and pointing systems of OICETS for free space laser communications,” Proc. SPIE 3692, 41–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

K. Nakagawa and A. Yamamoto, “Preliminary design of Laser Utilizing Communications Equipment (LUCE) installed on Optical Inter-Orbit Communications Engineering Test Satellite (OICETS),” Proc. SPIE 2381, 14–25 (1995).
[Crossref]

Yilmaz, F.

I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M.-S. Alouini, “Impact of pointing errors on the performance of mixed RF/FSO dual-hop transmission systems,” IEEE Wireless Commun. Lett. 2(3), 351–354 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yoon, G.

E. Lee, J. Park, D. Han, and G. Yoon, “Performance analysis of the asymmetric dual-hop relay transmission with mixed RF/FSO links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1642–1644 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

E. Lee, J. Park, D. Han, and G. Yoon, “Performance analysis of the asymmetric dual-hop relay transmission with mixed RF/FSO links,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1642–1644 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Wireless Commun. Lett. (1)

I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M.-S. Alouini, “Impact of pointing errors on the performance of mixed RF/FSO dual-hop transmission systems,” IEEE Wireless Commun. Lett. 2(3), 351–354 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Commun. (1)

A. J. Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Analysis of telescope array receivers for deep-space inter-planetary optical communication link between Earth and Mars,” J. Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2032–2042 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. Postman, T. Brown, K. Sembach, M. Giavalisco, W. Traub, K. Stapelfeldt, D. Calzetti, W. Oegerle, R. M. Rich, H. P. Stahl, J. Tumlinson, M. Mountain, R. Soummer, and T. Hyde, “Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope: science drivers and technology developments,” Opt. Eng. 51(1), 011007 (2012).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (10)

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnike, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallman, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719906 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Baister, K. Kudielka, T. Dreischer, and M. Tüchler, “Results from the DOLCE (Deep Space Optical Link Communications Experiment) project,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 71990B (2009).
[Crossref]

W. T. Roberts, H. L. Petrie, A. J. Pickles, R. P. Thicksten, and C. Echols, “Feasibility of utilizing the 200-inch Hale telescope as a deep-space optical receiver,” Proc. SPIE 5550, 326–335 (2004).
[Crossref]

W. T. Roberts, G. G. Ortiz, and T. A. Boyd, “Daytime use of astronomical telescopes for deep-space optical links,” Proc. SPIE 6105, 61050G (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Perez, M. Bailly, and J. M. Pairot, “Pointing acquisition and tracking system for silex inter satellite optical link,” Proc. SPIE 1111, 277–288 (1989).
[Crossref]

L. W. Cassidy, “Miniature star tracker for precise attitude reference in space,” Proc. SPIE 2210, 142–149 (1994).
[Crossref]

K. Nakagawa and A. Yamamoto, “Preliminary design of Laser Utilizing Communications Equipment (LUCE) installed on Optical Inter-Orbit Communications Engineering Test Satellite (OICETS),” Proc. SPIE 2381, 14–25 (1995).
[Crossref]

T. Jono, M. Toyoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamamoto, K. Shiratama, T. Kurii, and Y. Koyama, “Acquisition, tracking, and pointing systems of OICETS for free space laser communications,” Proc. SPIE 3692, 41–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. A. Cockshott and D. J. Purll, “SILEX acquisition and tracking sensors,” Proc. SPIE 2381, 206–214 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. M. Freemon, K.-T. Lim, J. Becla, G. P. Dubois-Felsman, and J. Kantor, “Data management cyberinfrastructure for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope,” Proc. SPIE 8451, 84510V (2012).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Outline of the system’s structure.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The workflow of the acquisition.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Data Processing.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Acquisition of stars in different directions (O: The principal point on the image; S1, S2 and S3: Guide stars; E 12 , E 13 and E 23 : Angular distance between two guide stars)
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Schematic diagram of coordinate systems. (O/O1: The earth’s core; O2: The principal point on the image; O3: The axle center of the universal joint; T1: The terminal; T2: The counter terminal)
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Star sensor connected to KPM400. (The part in the oval is magnified) (b) The picture with all image points for calibration.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Time-varying offset.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Probability curve of the offset. (Probability: the probability of different offsets).

Tables (6)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Open-loop pointing error analysis.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Analysis of the acquisition time.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Satellite Information

Tables Icon

Table 4 Calibration results.

Tables Icon

Table 5 Information of the guide stars.

Tables Icon

Table 6 Matching results.

Equations (15)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T = T est + T link = T turn + T acqsf + T match + T ort + T m1 + T travel + T ACQ1 + T t + T ACQ2 + T m2 .
T est 3.25 s+1.12 s+3 s+0.1 s+1 s=8.47 s, T link 0.38 s+8×1/33 s+8×1/135 s+0.1 s=0.782 s, T = T est + T link 8.47 s+0.782 s=9.252 s.
k 11 x i 2 + k 12 x i y i + k 13 y i 2 + k 14 x i + k 15 y i + k 16 =α k 21 x i 2 + k 22 x i y i + k 23 y i 2 + k 24 x i + k 25 y i + k 26 =β,
k 11 ( x i 2 x j 2 )+ k 12 ( x i y i x j y j )+ k 13 ( y i 2 y j 2 )+ k 14 ( x i x j )+ k 15 ( y i y j )= α i α j k 21 ( x i 2 x j 2 )+ k 22 ( x i y i x j y j )+ k 23 ( y i 2 y j 2 )+ k 24 ( x i x j )+ k 25 ( y i y j )= β i β j .
R i =[ cos α i ' ×cos β i ' sin α i ' ×cos β i ' sin β i ' ], E ij = cos 1 R i R j | R i || R j | .
M 2 =[ a 1 a 2 a 3 b 1 b 2 b 3 c 1 c 2 c 3 ]=[ sinαcosκcosαsinδsinκ sinαsinκcosαsinδcosκ cosαcosδ cosαcosκsinαsinδsinκ cosαsinκsinαsinδcosκ sinαcosδ cosδsinκ cosδcosκ sinδ ].
α= tan 1 ( b 3 a 3 ),δ= sin 1 ( c 3 ),κ= tan 1 ( c 1 c 2 ).
M 2 =[ i 2 j 2 k 2 ][ i j k ]=[ i 2 i i 2 j i 2 k j 2 i j 2 j j 2 k k 2 i k 2 j k 2 k ]=[ ( i ) 2 ( j ) 2 ( k ) 2 ], M 2 T =[ ( i 2 ) T ( j 2 ) T ( k 2 ) T ].
i 1 = OS1 / | OS1 | , k 1 = OS1 × OS2 / | OS1 × OS2 | , j 1 = k 1 × i 1 .
( a ) × =( a )× ( a ) T =[ 0 a z a y a z 0 a x a y a x 0 ], M 1 =[ ( i 1 ) T ( j 1 ) T ( k 1 ) T ], M 12 =[ ( i 1 ) 2 T ( j 1 ) 2 T ( k 1 ) 2 T ],( ( i 1 ) 2 = ( r a ) 2 , ( k 1 ) 2 = ( r a ) 2 × ( r b ) 2 × / | r a × r b | , ( j 1 ) 2 = ( k 1 ) 2 × ( i 1 ) 2 ).
M 2 = ( M 12 ) T M 1 .
O T 1 = R 1 [ cos α 1 cos δ 1 sin α 1 cos δ 1 sin δ 1 ] , O T 2 = R 2 [ cos α 2 cos δ 2 sin α 2 cos δ 2 sin δ 2 ].
T 1 T 2 = O T 2 O T 1 , l 12 = T 1 T 2 /| T 1 T 2 |= R 12 [ cos α 12 cos δ 12 sin α 12 cos δ 12 sin δ 12 ].
erro r AZ =(A Z cal A Z real )/A Z real ,erro r HO =(H O cal H O real )/H O real .
offset= I left I right I left + I right .

Metrics