Abstract

Thin films of Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped BaTiO3 (BTO:Yb/Er) have been epitaxially grown on piezoelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.7Ti0.3O3 (PMN-PT) substrates. Biaxial strain can be effectively controlled by applying electric field on PMN-PT substrate. A reversible, in situ and dynamic modification of upconversion photoluminescence in BTO:Yb/Er film was observed via converse piezoelectric effect. Detailed analysis and in situ X-ray diffraction indicate that such modulations are possibly due to the change in the lattice deformation of the thin films. This result suggests an alternative method to rationally tune the upconversion emissions via strain engineering.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. C. Boyer, L. A. Cuccia, and J. A. Capobianco, “Synthesis of colloidal upconverting NaYF4: Er3+/Yb3+ and Tm3+/Yb3+ monodisperse nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 847–852 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. D. T. Tu, L. Q. Liu, Q. Ju, H. M. Zhu, R. F. Li, and X. Y. Chen, “Time-Resolved FRET Biosensor Based on Amine-Functionalized Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50(28), 6306–6310 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. Yang, C. M. Zhang, C. Peng, C. X. Li, L. L. Wang, R. T. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable Red, Green, Blue (RGB) and Bright White Upconversion Luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ Nanocrystals through Single Laser Excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. H. Q. Wang, M. Batentschuk, A. Osvet, L. Pinna, and C. J. Brabec, “Rare-Earth Ion Doped Up-Conversion Materials for Photovoltaic Applications,” Adv. Mater. 23(22-23), 2675–2680 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. Z. L. Wang, J. H. Hao, H. L. W. Chan, W. T. Wong, and K. L. Wong, “A strategy for simultaneously realizing the cubic-to-hexagonal phase transition and controlling the small size of NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+ nanocrystals for in vitro cell imaging,” Small 8(12), 1863–1868 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. F. Wang and X. G. Liu, “Upconversion Multicolor Fine-Tuning: Visible to Near-Infrared Emission from Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4 Nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(17), 5642–5643 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. S. Heer, O. Lehmann, M. Haase, and H. U. Güdel, “Blue, Green, and Red Upconversion Emission from Lanthanide-Doped LuPO4 and YbPO4 Nanocrystals in a Transparent Colloidal Solution,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 42(27), 3179–3182 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. J. H. Hao and M. Cocivera, “Luminescent characteristics of blue-emitting thin-film phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 740–742 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  9. X. L. Tian, Z. Wu, Y. M. Jia, J. R. Chen, R. K. Zheng, Y. H. Zhang, and H. S. Luo, “Remanent-polarization-induced enhancement of photoluminescence in Pr3+-doped lead-free ferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042907 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Liu, D. Wang, J. Shi, Q. Peng, and Y. Li, “Magnetic Tuning of Upconversion Luminescence in Lanthanide-Doped Bifunctional Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(16), 4366–4369 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. J. H. Hao, Y. Zhang, and X. H. Wei, “Electric-Induced Enhancement and Modulation of Upconversion Photoluminescence in Epitaxial BaTiO3:Yb/Er Thin Films,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(30), 6876–6880 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Zhang and J. H. Hao, “Metal-ion doped luminescent thin films for optoelectronic applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(36), 5607–5618 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  13. G. X. Bai, Y. Zhang, and J. H. Hao, “Tuning of near-infrared luminescence of SrTiO3:Ni2+ thin films grown on piezoelectric PMN-PT via strain engineering,” Sci Rep 4, 5724 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. J. S. Wu, C. L. Jia, K. Urban, J. H. Hao, and X. X. Xi, “Microstructure and misfit relaxation in SrTiO3/SrRuO3 bilayer films on LaAlO3 (100) substrates,” J. Mater. Res. 16(12), 3443–3450 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. F. Wang, Y. C. Jiang, Z. P. Wu, and J. Gao, “Modulation of persistent photoconductivity by electric-field-controlled strain in thin films of La0. 39Pr0. 24Ca0. 37MnO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(7), 071913 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  16. W. Eerenstein, M. Wiora, J. L. Prieto, J. F. Scott, and N. D. Mathur, “Giant sharp and persistent converse magnetoelectric effects in multiferroic epitaxial heterostructures,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 348–351 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Zhang, G. Y. Gao, H. L. W. Chan, J. Y. Dai, Y. Wang, and J. H. Hao, “Piezo-Phototronic Effect-Induced Dual-Mode Light and Ultrasound Emissions from ZnS:Mn/PMN-PT Thin-Film Structures,” Adv. Mater. 24(13), 1729–1735 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. R. K. Zheng, Y. Jiang, Y. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and H. S. Luo, “Ferroelectric poling and converse-piezoelectric-effect-induced strain effects in La0.7Ba0.3MnO3 thin films grown on ferroelectric single-crystal substrates,” Phys. Rev. B 79(17), 174420 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  19. Y. Zhang, J. H. Hao, C. L. Mak, and X. H. Wei, “Effects of site substitutions and concentration on upconversion luminescence of Er3+-doped perovskite titanate,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1824–1829 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

G. X. Bai, Y. Zhang, and J. H. Hao, “Tuning of near-infrared luminescence of SrTiO3:Ni2+ thin films grown on piezoelectric PMN-PT via strain engineering,” Sci Rep 4, 5724 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

X. L. Tian, Z. Wu, Y. M. Jia, J. R. Chen, R. K. Zheng, Y. H. Zhang, and H. S. Luo, “Remanent-polarization-induced enhancement of photoluminescence in Pr3+-doped lead-free ferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042907 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, D. Wang, J. Shi, Q. Peng, and Y. Li, “Magnetic Tuning of Upconversion Luminescence in Lanthanide-Doped Bifunctional Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(16), 4366–4369 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Wang, Y. C. Jiang, Z. P. Wu, and J. Gao, “Modulation of persistent photoconductivity by electric-field-controlled strain in thin films of La0. 39Pr0. 24Ca0. 37MnO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(7), 071913 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang and J. H. Hao, “Metal-ion doped luminescent thin films for optoelectronic applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(36), 5607–5618 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

Y. Zhang, G. Y. Gao, H. L. W. Chan, J. Y. Dai, Y. Wang, and J. H. Hao, “Piezo-Phototronic Effect-Induced Dual-Mode Light and Ultrasound Emissions from ZnS:Mn/PMN-PT Thin-Film Structures,” Adv. Mater. 24(13), 1729–1735 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. L. Wang, J. H. Hao, H. L. W. Chan, W. T. Wong, and K. L. Wong, “A strategy for simultaneously realizing the cubic-to-hexagonal phase transition and controlling the small size of NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+ nanocrystals for in vitro cell imaging,” Small 8(12), 1863–1868 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

D. T. Tu, L. Q. Liu, Q. Ju, H. M. Zhu, R. F. Li, and X. Y. Chen, “Time-Resolved FRET Biosensor Based on Amine-Functionalized Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50(28), 6306–6310 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Q. Wang, M. Batentschuk, A. Osvet, L. Pinna, and C. J. Brabec, “Rare-Earth Ion Doped Up-Conversion Materials for Photovoltaic Applications,” Adv. Mater. 23(22-23), 2675–2680 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Hao, Y. Zhang, and X. H. Wei, “Electric-Induced Enhancement and Modulation of Upconversion Photoluminescence in Epitaxial BaTiO3:Yb/Er Thin Films,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(30), 6876–6880 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, J. H. Hao, C. L. Mak, and X. H. Wei, “Effects of site substitutions and concentration on upconversion luminescence of Er3+-doped perovskite titanate,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1824–1829 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

R. K. Zheng, Y. Jiang, Y. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and H. S. Luo, “Ferroelectric poling and converse-piezoelectric-effect-induced strain effects in La0.7Ba0.3MnO3 thin films grown on ferroelectric single-crystal substrates,” Phys. Rev. B 79(17), 174420 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, C. M. Zhang, C. Peng, C. X. Li, L. L. Wang, R. T. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable Red, Green, Blue (RGB) and Bright White Upconversion Luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ Nanocrystals through Single Laser Excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

F. Wang and X. G. Liu, “Upconversion Multicolor Fine-Tuning: Visible to Near-Infrared Emission from Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4 Nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(17), 5642–5643 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

J. C. Boyer, L. A. Cuccia, and J. A. Capobianco, “Synthesis of colloidal upconverting NaYF4: Er3+/Yb3+ and Tm3+/Yb3+ monodisperse nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 847–852 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Eerenstein, M. Wiora, J. L. Prieto, J. F. Scott, and N. D. Mathur, “Giant sharp and persistent converse magnetoelectric effects in multiferroic epitaxial heterostructures,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 348–351 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

S. Heer, O. Lehmann, M. Haase, and H. U. Güdel, “Blue, Green, and Red Upconversion Emission from Lanthanide-Doped LuPO4 and YbPO4 Nanocrystals in a Transparent Colloidal Solution,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 42(27), 3179–3182 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

J. H. Hao and M. Cocivera, “Luminescent characteristics of blue-emitting thin-film phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 740–742 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. S. Wu, C. L. Jia, K. Urban, J. H. Hao, and X. X. Xi, “Microstructure and misfit relaxation in SrTiO3/SrRuO3 bilayer films on LaAlO3 (100) substrates,” J. Mater. Res. 16(12), 3443–3450 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bai, G. X.

G. X. Bai, Y. Zhang, and J. H. Hao, “Tuning of near-infrared luminescence of SrTiO3:Ni2+ thin films grown on piezoelectric PMN-PT via strain engineering,” Sci Rep 4, 5724 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Batentschuk, M.

H. Q. Wang, M. Batentschuk, A. Osvet, L. Pinna, and C. J. Brabec, “Rare-Earth Ion Doped Up-Conversion Materials for Photovoltaic Applications,” Adv. Mater. 23(22-23), 2675–2680 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boyer, J. C.

J. C. Boyer, L. A. Cuccia, and J. A. Capobianco, “Synthesis of colloidal upconverting NaYF4: Er3+/Yb3+ and Tm3+/Yb3+ monodisperse nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 847–852 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brabec, C. J.

H. Q. Wang, M. Batentschuk, A. Osvet, L. Pinna, and C. J. Brabec, “Rare-Earth Ion Doped Up-Conversion Materials for Photovoltaic Applications,” Adv. Mater. 23(22-23), 2675–2680 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Capobianco, J. A.

J. C. Boyer, L. A. Cuccia, and J. A. Capobianco, “Synthesis of colloidal upconverting NaYF4: Er3+/Yb3+ and Tm3+/Yb3+ monodisperse nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 847–852 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chai, R. T.

J. Yang, C. M. Zhang, C. Peng, C. X. Li, L. L. Wang, R. T. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable Red, Green, Blue (RGB) and Bright White Upconversion Luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ Nanocrystals through Single Laser Excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, H. L. W.

Z. L. Wang, J. H. Hao, H. L. W. Chan, W. T. Wong, and K. L. Wong, “A strategy for simultaneously realizing the cubic-to-hexagonal phase transition and controlling the small size of NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+ nanocrystals for in vitro cell imaging,” Small 8(12), 1863–1868 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, G. Y. Gao, H. L. W. Chan, J. Y. Dai, Y. Wang, and J. H. Hao, “Piezo-Phototronic Effect-Induced Dual-Mode Light and Ultrasound Emissions from ZnS:Mn/PMN-PT Thin-Film Structures,” Adv. Mater. 24(13), 1729–1735 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. K. Zheng, Y. Jiang, Y. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and H. S. Luo, “Ferroelectric poling and converse-piezoelectric-effect-induced strain effects in La0.7Ba0.3MnO3 thin films grown on ferroelectric single-crystal substrates,” Phys. Rev. B 79(17), 174420 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, J. R.

X. L. Tian, Z. Wu, Y. M. Jia, J. R. Chen, R. K. Zheng, Y. H. Zhang, and H. S. Luo, “Remanent-polarization-induced enhancement of photoluminescence in Pr3+-doped lead-free ferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042907 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. Y.

D. T. Tu, L. Q. Liu, Q. Ju, H. M. Zhu, R. F. Li, and X. Y. Chen, “Time-Resolved FRET Biosensor Based on Amine-Functionalized Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50(28), 6306–6310 (2011).
[Crossref]

Choy, C. L.

R. K. Zheng, Y. Jiang, Y. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and H. S. Luo, “Ferroelectric poling and converse-piezoelectric-effect-induced strain effects in La0.7Ba0.3MnO3 thin films grown on ferroelectric single-crystal substrates,” Phys. Rev. B 79(17), 174420 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cocivera, M.

J. H. Hao and M. Cocivera, “Luminescent characteristics of blue-emitting thin-film phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 740–742 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cuccia, L. A.

J. C. Boyer, L. A. Cuccia, and J. A. Capobianco, “Synthesis of colloidal upconverting NaYF4: Er3+/Yb3+ and Tm3+/Yb3+ monodisperse nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 847–852 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, J. Y.

Y. Zhang, G. Y. Gao, H. L. W. Chan, J. Y. Dai, Y. Wang, and J. H. Hao, “Piezo-Phototronic Effect-Induced Dual-Mode Light and Ultrasound Emissions from ZnS:Mn/PMN-PT Thin-Film Structures,” Adv. Mater. 24(13), 1729–1735 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eerenstein, W.

W. Eerenstein, M. Wiora, J. L. Prieto, J. F. Scott, and N. D. Mathur, “Giant sharp and persistent converse magnetoelectric effects in multiferroic epitaxial heterostructures,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 348–351 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, G. Y.

Y. Zhang, G. Y. Gao, H. L. W. Chan, J. Y. Dai, Y. Wang, and J. H. Hao, “Piezo-Phototronic Effect-Induced Dual-Mode Light and Ultrasound Emissions from ZnS:Mn/PMN-PT Thin-Film Structures,” Adv. Mater. 24(13), 1729–1735 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, J.

J. F. Wang, Y. C. Jiang, Z. P. Wu, and J. Gao, “Modulation of persistent photoconductivity by electric-field-controlled strain in thin films of La0. 39Pr0. 24Ca0. 37MnO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(7), 071913 (2013).
[Crossref]

Güdel, H. U.

S. Heer, O. Lehmann, M. Haase, and H. U. Güdel, “Blue, Green, and Red Upconversion Emission from Lanthanide-Doped LuPO4 and YbPO4 Nanocrystals in a Transparent Colloidal Solution,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 42(27), 3179–3182 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haase, M.

S. Heer, O. Lehmann, M. Haase, and H. U. Güdel, “Blue, Green, and Red Upconversion Emission from Lanthanide-Doped LuPO4 and YbPO4 Nanocrystals in a Transparent Colloidal Solution,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 42(27), 3179–3182 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, J. H.

G. X. Bai, Y. Zhang, and J. H. Hao, “Tuning of near-infrared luminescence of SrTiO3:Ni2+ thin films grown on piezoelectric PMN-PT via strain engineering,” Sci Rep 4, 5724 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang and J. H. Hao, “Metal-ion doped luminescent thin films for optoelectronic applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(36), 5607–5618 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. L. Wang, J. H. Hao, H. L. W. Chan, W. T. Wong, and K. L. Wong, “A strategy for simultaneously realizing the cubic-to-hexagonal phase transition and controlling the small size of NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+ nanocrystals for in vitro cell imaging,” Small 8(12), 1863–1868 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, G. Y. Gao, H. L. W. Chan, J. Y. Dai, Y. Wang, and J. H. Hao, “Piezo-Phototronic Effect-Induced Dual-Mode Light and Ultrasound Emissions from ZnS:Mn/PMN-PT Thin-Film Structures,” Adv. Mater. 24(13), 1729–1735 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, J. H. Hao, C. L. Mak, and X. H. Wei, “Effects of site substitutions and concentration on upconversion luminescence of Er3+-doped perovskite titanate,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1824–1829 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Hao, Y. Zhang, and X. H. Wei, “Electric-Induced Enhancement and Modulation of Upconversion Photoluminescence in Epitaxial BaTiO3:Yb/Er Thin Films,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(30), 6876–6880 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Wu, C. L. Jia, K. Urban, J. H. Hao, and X. X. Xi, “Microstructure and misfit relaxation in SrTiO3/SrRuO3 bilayer films on LaAlO3 (100) substrates,” J. Mater. Res. 16(12), 3443–3450 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. H. Hao and M. Cocivera, “Luminescent characteristics of blue-emitting thin-film phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 740–742 (2001).
[Crossref]

Heer, S.

S. Heer, O. Lehmann, M. Haase, and H. U. Güdel, “Blue, Green, and Red Upconversion Emission from Lanthanide-Doped LuPO4 and YbPO4 Nanocrystals in a Transparent Colloidal Solution,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 42(27), 3179–3182 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jia, C. L.

J. S. Wu, C. L. Jia, K. Urban, J. H. Hao, and X. X. Xi, “Microstructure and misfit relaxation in SrTiO3/SrRuO3 bilayer films on LaAlO3 (100) substrates,” J. Mater. Res. 16(12), 3443–3450 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jia, Y. M.

X. L. Tian, Z. Wu, Y. M. Jia, J. R. Chen, R. K. Zheng, Y. H. Zhang, and H. S. Luo, “Remanent-polarization-induced enhancement of photoluminescence in Pr3+-doped lead-free ferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042907 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

R. K. Zheng, Y. Jiang, Y. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and H. S. Luo, “Ferroelectric poling and converse-piezoelectric-effect-induced strain effects in La0.7Ba0.3MnO3 thin films grown on ferroelectric single-crystal substrates,” Phys. Rev. B 79(17), 174420 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y. C.

J. F. Wang, Y. C. Jiang, Z. P. Wu, and J. Gao, “Modulation of persistent photoconductivity by electric-field-controlled strain in thin films of La0. 39Pr0. 24Ca0. 37MnO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(7), 071913 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ju, Q.

D. T. Tu, L. Q. Liu, Q. Ju, H. M. Zhu, R. F. Li, and X. Y. Chen, “Time-Resolved FRET Biosensor Based on Amine-Functionalized Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50(28), 6306–6310 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lehmann, O.

S. Heer, O. Lehmann, M. Haase, and H. U. Güdel, “Blue, Green, and Red Upconversion Emission from Lanthanide-Doped LuPO4 and YbPO4 Nanocrystals in a Transparent Colloidal Solution,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 42(27), 3179–3182 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C. X.

J. Yang, C. M. Zhang, C. Peng, C. X. Li, L. L. Wang, R. T. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable Red, Green, Blue (RGB) and Bright White Upconversion Luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ Nanocrystals through Single Laser Excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, R. F.

D. T. Tu, L. Q. Liu, Q. Ju, H. M. Zhu, R. F. Li, and X. Y. Chen, “Time-Resolved FRET Biosensor Based on Amine-Functionalized Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50(28), 6306–6310 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Y. Liu, D. Wang, J. Shi, Q. Peng, and Y. Li, “Magnetic Tuning of Upconversion Luminescence in Lanthanide-Doped Bifunctional Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(16), 4366–4369 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

J. Yang, C. M. Zhang, C. Peng, C. X. Li, L. L. Wang, R. T. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable Red, Green, Blue (RGB) and Bright White Upconversion Luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ Nanocrystals through Single Laser Excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, L. Q.

D. T. Tu, L. Q. Liu, Q. Ju, H. M. Zhu, R. F. Li, and X. Y. Chen, “Time-Resolved FRET Biosensor Based on Amine-Functionalized Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50(28), 6306–6310 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, X. G.

F. Wang and X. G. Liu, “Upconversion Multicolor Fine-Tuning: Visible to Near-Infrared Emission from Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4 Nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(17), 5642–5643 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, D. Wang, J. Shi, Q. Peng, and Y. Li, “Magnetic Tuning of Upconversion Luminescence in Lanthanide-Doped Bifunctional Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(16), 4366–4369 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, H. S.

X. L. Tian, Z. Wu, Y. M. Jia, J. R. Chen, R. K. Zheng, Y. H. Zhang, and H. S. Luo, “Remanent-polarization-induced enhancement of photoluminescence in Pr3+-doped lead-free ferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042907 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. K. Zheng, Y. Jiang, Y. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and H. S. Luo, “Ferroelectric poling and converse-piezoelectric-effect-induced strain effects in La0.7Ba0.3MnO3 thin films grown on ferroelectric single-crystal substrates,” Phys. Rev. B 79(17), 174420 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mak, C. L.

Mathur, N. D.

W. Eerenstein, M. Wiora, J. L. Prieto, J. F. Scott, and N. D. Mathur, “Giant sharp and persistent converse magnetoelectric effects in multiferroic epitaxial heterostructures,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 348–351 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Osvet, A.

H. Q. Wang, M. Batentschuk, A. Osvet, L. Pinna, and C. J. Brabec, “Rare-Earth Ion Doped Up-Conversion Materials for Photovoltaic Applications,” Adv. Mater. 23(22-23), 2675–2680 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, C.

J. Yang, C. M. Zhang, C. Peng, C. X. Li, L. L. Wang, R. T. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable Red, Green, Blue (RGB) and Bright White Upconversion Luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ Nanocrystals through Single Laser Excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, Q.

Y. Liu, D. Wang, J. Shi, Q. Peng, and Y. Li, “Magnetic Tuning of Upconversion Luminescence in Lanthanide-Doped Bifunctional Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(16), 4366–4369 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pinna, L.

H. Q. Wang, M. Batentschuk, A. Osvet, L. Pinna, and C. J. Brabec, “Rare-Earth Ion Doped Up-Conversion Materials for Photovoltaic Applications,” Adv. Mater. 23(22-23), 2675–2680 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prieto, J. L.

W. Eerenstein, M. Wiora, J. L. Prieto, J. F. Scott, and N. D. Mathur, “Giant sharp and persistent converse magnetoelectric effects in multiferroic epitaxial heterostructures,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 348–351 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scott, J. F.

W. Eerenstein, M. Wiora, J. L. Prieto, J. F. Scott, and N. D. Mathur, “Giant sharp and persistent converse magnetoelectric effects in multiferroic epitaxial heterostructures,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 348–351 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, J.

Y. Liu, D. Wang, J. Shi, Q. Peng, and Y. Li, “Magnetic Tuning of Upconversion Luminescence in Lanthanide-Doped Bifunctional Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(16), 4366–4369 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, X. L.

X. L. Tian, Z. Wu, Y. M. Jia, J. R. Chen, R. K. Zheng, Y. H. Zhang, and H. S. Luo, “Remanent-polarization-induced enhancement of photoluminescence in Pr3+-doped lead-free ferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042907 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tu, D. T.

D. T. Tu, L. Q. Liu, Q. Ju, H. M. Zhu, R. F. Li, and X. Y. Chen, “Time-Resolved FRET Biosensor Based on Amine-Functionalized Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50(28), 6306–6310 (2011).
[Crossref]

Urban, K.

J. S. Wu, C. L. Jia, K. Urban, J. H. Hao, and X. X. Xi, “Microstructure and misfit relaxation in SrTiO3/SrRuO3 bilayer films on LaAlO3 (100) substrates,” J. Mater. Res. 16(12), 3443–3450 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

Y. Liu, D. Wang, J. Shi, Q. Peng, and Y. Li, “Magnetic Tuning of Upconversion Luminescence in Lanthanide-Doped Bifunctional Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(16), 4366–4369 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

F. Wang and X. G. Liu, “Upconversion Multicolor Fine-Tuning: Visible to Near-Infrared Emission from Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4 Nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(17), 5642–5643 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H. Q.

H. Q. Wang, M. Batentschuk, A. Osvet, L. Pinna, and C. J. Brabec, “Rare-Earth Ion Doped Up-Conversion Materials for Photovoltaic Applications,” Adv. Mater. 23(22-23), 2675–2680 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J. F.

J. F. Wang, Y. C. Jiang, Z. P. Wu, and J. Gao, “Modulation of persistent photoconductivity by electric-field-controlled strain in thin films of La0. 39Pr0. 24Ca0. 37MnO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(7), 071913 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. L.

J. Yang, C. M. Zhang, C. Peng, C. X. Li, L. L. Wang, R. T. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable Red, Green, Blue (RGB) and Bright White Upconversion Luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ Nanocrystals through Single Laser Excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Y. Zhang, G. Y. Gao, H. L. W. Chan, J. Y. Dai, Y. Wang, and J. H. Hao, “Piezo-Phototronic Effect-Induced Dual-Mode Light and Ultrasound Emissions from ZnS:Mn/PMN-PT Thin-Film Structures,” Adv. Mater. 24(13), 1729–1735 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. K. Zheng, Y. Jiang, Y. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and H. S. Luo, “Ferroelectric poling and converse-piezoelectric-effect-induced strain effects in La0.7Ba0.3MnO3 thin films grown on ferroelectric single-crystal substrates,” Phys. Rev. B 79(17), 174420 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. L.

Z. L. Wang, J. H. Hao, H. L. W. Chan, W. T. Wong, and K. L. Wong, “A strategy for simultaneously realizing the cubic-to-hexagonal phase transition and controlling the small size of NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+ nanocrystals for in vitro cell imaging,” Small 8(12), 1863–1868 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, X. H.

J. H. Hao, Y. Zhang, and X. H. Wei, “Electric-Induced Enhancement and Modulation of Upconversion Photoluminescence in Epitaxial BaTiO3:Yb/Er Thin Films,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(30), 6876–6880 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, J. H. Hao, C. L. Mak, and X. H. Wei, “Effects of site substitutions and concentration on upconversion luminescence of Er3+-doped perovskite titanate,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1824–1829 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiora, M.

W. Eerenstein, M. Wiora, J. L. Prieto, J. F. Scott, and N. D. Mathur, “Giant sharp and persistent converse magnetoelectric effects in multiferroic epitaxial heterostructures,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 348–351 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, K. L.

Z. L. Wang, J. H. Hao, H. L. W. Chan, W. T. Wong, and K. L. Wong, “A strategy for simultaneously realizing the cubic-to-hexagonal phase transition and controlling the small size of NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+ nanocrystals for in vitro cell imaging,” Small 8(12), 1863–1868 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, W. T.

Z. L. Wang, J. H. Hao, H. L. W. Chan, W. T. Wong, and K. L. Wong, “A strategy for simultaneously realizing the cubic-to-hexagonal phase transition and controlling the small size of NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+ nanocrystals for in vitro cell imaging,” Small 8(12), 1863–1868 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, J. S.

J. S. Wu, C. L. Jia, K. Urban, J. H. Hao, and X. X. Xi, “Microstructure and misfit relaxation in SrTiO3/SrRuO3 bilayer films on LaAlO3 (100) substrates,” J. Mater. Res. 16(12), 3443–3450 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wu, Z.

X. L. Tian, Z. Wu, Y. M. Jia, J. R. Chen, R. K. Zheng, Y. H. Zhang, and H. S. Luo, “Remanent-polarization-induced enhancement of photoluminescence in Pr3+-doped lead-free ferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042907 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, Z. P.

J. F. Wang, Y. C. Jiang, Z. P. Wu, and J. Gao, “Modulation of persistent photoconductivity by electric-field-controlled strain in thin films of La0. 39Pr0. 24Ca0. 37MnO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(7), 071913 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xi, X. X.

J. S. Wu, C. L. Jia, K. Urban, J. H. Hao, and X. X. Xi, “Microstructure and misfit relaxation in SrTiO3/SrRuO3 bilayer films on LaAlO3 (100) substrates,” J. Mater. Res. 16(12), 3443–3450 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, C. M. Zhang, C. Peng, C. X. Li, L. L. Wang, R. T. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable Red, Green, Blue (RGB) and Bright White Upconversion Luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ Nanocrystals through Single Laser Excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, C. M.

J. Yang, C. M. Zhang, C. Peng, C. X. Li, L. L. Wang, R. T. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable Red, Green, Blue (RGB) and Bright White Upconversion Luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ Nanocrystals through Single Laser Excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

G. X. Bai, Y. Zhang, and J. H. Hao, “Tuning of near-infrared luminescence of SrTiO3:Ni2+ thin films grown on piezoelectric PMN-PT via strain engineering,” Sci Rep 4, 5724 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang and J. H. Hao, “Metal-ion doped luminescent thin films for optoelectronic applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(36), 5607–5618 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, G. Y. Gao, H. L. W. Chan, J. Y. Dai, Y. Wang, and J. H. Hao, “Piezo-Phototronic Effect-Induced Dual-Mode Light and Ultrasound Emissions from ZnS:Mn/PMN-PT Thin-Film Structures,” Adv. Mater. 24(13), 1729–1735 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Hao, Y. Zhang, and X. H. Wei, “Electric-Induced Enhancement and Modulation of Upconversion Photoluminescence in Epitaxial BaTiO3:Yb/Er Thin Films,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(30), 6876–6880 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, J. H. Hao, C. L. Mak, and X. H. Wei, “Effects of site substitutions and concentration on upconversion luminescence of Er3+-doped perovskite titanate,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1824–1829 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y. H.

X. L. Tian, Z. Wu, Y. M. Jia, J. R. Chen, R. K. Zheng, Y. H. Zhang, and H. S. Luo, “Remanent-polarization-induced enhancement of photoluminescence in Pr3+-doped lead-free ferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042907 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, R. K.

X. L. Tian, Z. Wu, Y. M. Jia, J. R. Chen, R. K. Zheng, Y. H. Zhang, and H. S. Luo, “Remanent-polarization-induced enhancement of photoluminescence in Pr3+-doped lead-free ferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042907 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. K. Zheng, Y. Jiang, Y. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and H. S. Luo, “Ferroelectric poling and converse-piezoelectric-effect-induced strain effects in La0.7Ba0.3MnO3 thin films grown on ferroelectric single-crystal substrates,” Phys. Rev. B 79(17), 174420 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhu, H. M.

D. T. Tu, L. Q. Liu, Q. Ju, H. M. Zhu, R. F. Li, and X. Y. Chen, “Time-Resolved FRET Biosensor Based on Amine-Functionalized Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50(28), 6306–6310 (2011).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

H. Q. Wang, M. Batentschuk, A. Osvet, L. Pinna, and C. J. Brabec, “Rare-Earth Ion Doped Up-Conversion Materials for Photovoltaic Applications,” Adv. Mater. 23(22-23), 2675–2680 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, G. Y. Gao, H. L. W. Chan, J. Y. Dai, Y. Wang, and J. H. Hao, “Piezo-Phototronic Effect-Induced Dual-Mode Light and Ultrasound Emissions from ZnS:Mn/PMN-PT Thin-Film Structures,” Adv. Mater. 24(13), 1729–1735 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (1)

D. T. Tu, L. Q. Liu, Q. Ju, H. M. Zhu, R. F. Li, and X. Y. Chen, “Time-Resolved FRET Biosensor Based on Amine-Functionalized Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50(28), 6306–6310 (2011).
[Crossref]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (3)

S. Heer, O. Lehmann, M. Haase, and H. U. Güdel, “Blue, Green, and Red Upconversion Emission from Lanthanide-Doped LuPO4 and YbPO4 Nanocrystals in a Transparent Colloidal Solution,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 42(27), 3179–3182 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, D. Wang, J. Shi, Q. Peng, and Y. Li, “Magnetic Tuning of Upconversion Luminescence in Lanthanide-Doped Bifunctional Nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(16), 4366–4369 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Hao, Y. Zhang, and X. H. Wei, “Electric-Induced Enhancement and Modulation of Upconversion Photoluminescence in Epitaxial BaTiO3:Yb/Er Thin Films,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(30), 6876–6880 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J. F. Wang, Y. C. Jiang, Z. P. Wu, and J. Gao, “Modulation of persistent photoconductivity by electric-field-controlled strain in thin films of La0. 39Pr0. 24Ca0. 37MnO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(7), 071913 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. H. Hao and M. Cocivera, “Luminescent characteristics of blue-emitting thin-film phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 740–742 (2001).
[Crossref]

X. L. Tian, Z. Wu, Y. M. Jia, J. R. Chen, R. K. Zheng, Y. H. Zhang, and H. S. Luo, “Remanent-polarization-induced enhancement of photoluminescence in Pr3+-doped lead-free ferroelectric (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042907 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chemistry (1)

J. Yang, C. M. Zhang, C. Peng, C. X. Li, L. L. Wang, R. T. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable Red, Green, Blue (RGB) and Bright White Upconversion Luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ Nanocrystals through Single Laser Excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

F. Wang and X. G. Liu, “Upconversion Multicolor Fine-Tuning: Visible to Near-Infrared Emission from Lanthanide-Doped NaYF4 Nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(17), 5642–5643 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

Y. Zhang and J. H. Hao, “Metal-ion doped luminescent thin films for optoelectronic applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(36), 5607–5618 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

J. S. Wu, C. L. Jia, K. Urban, J. H. Hao, and X. X. Xi, “Microstructure and misfit relaxation in SrTiO3/SrRuO3 bilayer films on LaAlO3 (100) substrates,” J. Mater. Res. 16(12), 3443–3450 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

J. C. Boyer, L. A. Cuccia, and J. A. Capobianco, “Synthesis of colloidal upconverting NaYF4: Er3+/Yb3+ and Tm3+/Yb3+ monodisperse nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 847–852 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

W. Eerenstein, M. Wiora, J. L. Prieto, J. F. Scott, and N. D. Mathur, “Giant sharp and persistent converse magnetoelectric effects in multiferroic epitaxial heterostructures,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 348–351 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. K. Zheng, Y. Jiang, Y. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and H. S. Luo, “Ferroelectric poling and converse-piezoelectric-effect-induced strain effects in La0.7Ba0.3MnO3 thin films grown on ferroelectric single-crystal substrates,” Phys. Rev. B 79(17), 174420 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sci Rep (1)

G. X. Bai, Y. Zhang, and J. H. Hao, “Tuning of near-infrared luminescence of SrTiO3:Ni2+ thin films grown on piezoelectric PMN-PT via strain engineering,” Sci Rep 4, 5724 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Small (1)

Z. L. Wang, J. H. Hao, H. L. W. Chan, W. T. Wong, and K. L. Wong, “A strategy for simultaneously realizing the cubic-to-hexagonal phase transition and controlling the small size of NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+ nanocrystals for in vitro cell imaging,” Small 8(12), 1863–1868 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The setup used for measuring the upconversion photoluminescence of (BTO:Yb/Er)/PMN-PT under an external electric field. Structural characterization of the (BTO:Yb/Er)/PMN-PT. (b) XRD θ-2θ patterns. (c) Low magnitude brightfield image. (d) HRTEM image for the interface structures. Inset shows the SAED pattern.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) The upconversion emission spectra of the (BTO:Yb/Er)/PMN-PT heterostructure under dc bias voltage ranging from 0 to 10 kV/cm. Inset shows the PL spectra of (BTO:Yb/Er)/PMN-PT heterostructure under unpolarized and polarized states. (b) The change ratios I10/I0 for green band and red emission as a function of the applied dc voltage.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The relative changes in the lattice constantΔc/c of PMN-PT as a function of electric field. Up left inset present the in situ XRD patterns in the vicinity of reflections for (BTO:Yb/Er)/PMN-PT under different electric fields. Bottom right inset shows the schematic of the compressive BTO:Yb/Er thin film biaxially strained to match the substrate PMN-PT.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The kinetic PL response at the wavelength of 523 nm and 656 nm of BTO:Yb/Er film as a function of time under a sinusoidal ac bias.

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