Abstract

We demonstrated a 2147 nm silica-based Raman fiber amplifier with output power of 14.3 W directly pumped with a 1963 nm CW thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA. The 1963 nm thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA is seeded with a 2147 nm thulium-doped all-fiber laser at the same time. The Raman Stokes power shift from 1963 nm to 2147 nm is accomplished in a piece of 50 m silica-based highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF). The conversion efficiency was 38.5% from 1963 nm to 2147 nm in the HNLF. The output power achieved was only currently limited by available 1963 nm input power and the architecture has significant scaling potential. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest power operation of a Raman fiber amplifier at >2 µm wavelength region.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

2013 (5)

2012 (5)

2011 (3)

2009 (4)

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

Y. Jeong, J. Sahu, D. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12(25), 6088–6092 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, “Raman fibre lasers emitting at a wavelength above 2 µm,” Quantum Electron. 34(8), 695–697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Alegria, C.

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

Amzajerdian, F.

Bennetts, S.

Bernier, M.

Book, L. D.

Bourdon, P.

Brilland, L.

Bufetov, I. A.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, “Raman fibre lasers emitting at a wavelength above 2 µm,” Quantum Electron. 34(8), 695–697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

Calia, D. B.

Canat, G.

Carrier, J.

Carter, A.

Carter, A. L. G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chavez-Pirson, A.

Chryssou, C. E.

Clarkson, W. A.

Codemard, C. A.

Coulombier, Q.

Cui, S.

Cumberland, B. A.

Dianov, E. M.

B. A. Cumberland, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. M. Dianov, “2.1 µm continuous-wave Raman laser in GeO2 fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1848–1850 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, “Raman fibre lasers emitting at a wavelength above 2 µm,” Quantum Electron. 34(8), 695–697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Duhant, M.

Dupriez, P.

Fang, Q.

Faucher, D.

Feng, Y.

Fortin, V.

Frith, G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Geng, J.

Goodno, G. D.

Gur’yanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, “Raman fibre lasers emitting at a wavelength above 2 µm,” Quantum Electron. 34(8), 695–697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[Crossref]

Haub, J.

Hemming, A.

Hickey, L. M. B.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, L. Wanzcyk, C. E. Chryssou, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, and P. W. Turner, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 459–461 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horley, R.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, L. Wanzcyk, C. E. Chryssou, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, and P. W. Turner, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 459–461 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hou, Y.

Jackson, S. D.

Jeong, Y.

Jiang, H.

Jiang, S.

Khopin, V. F.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, “Raman fibre lasers emitting at a wavelength above 2 µm,” Quantum Electron. 34(8), 695–697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kieu, K.

Lancaster, D. G.

Liu, J.

Liu, K.

Luo, T.

Marandi, A.

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, “Raman fibre lasers emitting at a wavelength above 2 µm,” Quantum Electron. 34(8), 695–697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Medvedkov, O. I.

B. A. Cumberland, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. M. Dianov, “2.1 µm continuous-wave Raman laser in GeO2 fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1848–1850 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, “Raman fibre lasers emitting at a wavelength above 2 µm,” Quantum Electron. 34(8), 695–697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Melkumov, M. A.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, “Raman fibre lasers emitting at a wavelength above 2 µm,” Quantum Electron. 34(8), 695–697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Neustruev, V. B.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, “Raman fibre lasers emitting at a wavelength above 2 µm,” Quantum Electron. 34(8), 695–697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, D. T.

Nguyen, T. N.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nilsson, J.

Payne, D.

Payne, D. N.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, L. Wanzcyk, C. E. Chryssou, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, and P. W. Turner, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 459–461 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petersen, E.

Petersen, E. B.

Peyghambarian, N.

Picqué, N.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[Crossref]

Popov, S. V.

Renard, W.

Renversez, G.

Rines, G. A.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rothenberg, J. E.

Rudy, C. W.

Sabella, A.

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

Samson, B.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schliesser, A.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shen, D. Y.

Shi, H.

Shi, W.

Shubin, A. V.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, “Raman fibre lasers emitting at a wavelength above 2 µm,” Quantum Electron. 34(8), 695–697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Si, L.

Simakov, N.

Slobodtchikov, E. V.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Smektala, F.

Soh, D. B. S.

Supradeepa, V. R.

Tan, F.

Taylor, J. R.

Taylor, L. R.

Toupin, P.

Troles, J.

Turner, P. W.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, L. Wanzcyk, C. E. Chryssou, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, and P. W. Turner, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 459–461 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vallée, R.

Vasiliev, S. A.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wall, K. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

Wang, Q.

Wang, X.

Wanzcyk, L.

Xiao, H.

Xu, J.

Xu, X.

Yao, Z.

Yashkov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. I. Medvedkov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. V. Yashkov, “Raman fibre lasers emitting at a wavelength above 2 µm,” Quantum Electron. 34(8), 695–697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, L.

Zhou, P.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (11)

D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power widely tunable Tm:fibre lasers pumped by an Er, Yb co-doped fibre laser at 1.6 mum,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6084–6090 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, and D. B. Calia, “150 W highly-efficient Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(26), 23678–23683 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Fang, W. Shi, K. Kieu, E. Petersen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High power and high energy monolithic single frequency 2 µm nanosecond pulsed fiber laser by using large core Tm-doped germanate fibers: experiment and modeling,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16410–16420 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, D. Faucher, J. Carrier, and R. Vallée, “3.7 W fluoride glass Raman fiber laser operating at 2231 nm,” Opt. Express 20(17), 19412–19419 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Q. Wang, and P. Wang, “High average power picosecond pulse generation from a thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA system,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22442–22447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jeong, J. Sahu, D. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12(25), 6088–6092 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Simakov, A. Hemming, W. A. Clarkson, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “A cladding-pumped, tunable holmium doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28415–28422 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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H. Zhang, H. Xiao, P. Zhou, X. Wang, and X. Xu, “High power Yb-Raman combined nonlinear fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10248–10255 (2014).
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J. Liu, H. Shi, K. Liu, Y. Hou, and P. Wang, “210 W single-frequency, single-polarization, thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13572–13578 (2014).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic setup of the high-power silica-based Raman all-fiber amplifier at wavelength of 2147 nm, FBG: fiber Bragg grating, HNLF: highly nonlinear fiber.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Output power of the 2147 nm seed laser with the increase of 793 nm incident pump power. (b) Optical spectrum of the 2147 nm seed laser at output power of 2.4 W.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Total output power of the 1963 nm and 2147 nm laser from thulium-doped fiber preamplifier with the increase of 793 nm incident pump power. (b) Output spectrum of the 1963 nm and 2147 nm laser from thulium-doped fiber preamplifier at output power of 4.2 W.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Total output power of the 1963 nm and 2147 nm laser from thulium-doped fiber power amplifier with the increase of 793 nm incident pump power. (b) Output spectrum of the 1963 nm and 2147 nm laser from thulium-doped fiber power amplifier at output power of 40 W.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Output power of the 1963 nm residual laser and 2147 nm Raman laser from Raman fiber amplifier versus the 1963 nm incident pump power. (b) Output spectrum of the 1963 nm residual laser and 2147 nm Raman laser from Raman fiber amplifier at different output power.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 1963 nm residual laser and 2147 nm Raman laser output power ratio as a function of the total output power from Raman fiber amplifier.

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