Abstract

An amorphous film of the third-order nonlinear optical material DDMEBT was spun onto silicon chips for the first time, filling 80 nm lithographic features. A 710 μm2 device was designed, fabricated, and tested that acts both as a nonlinear resonator switch and as an input/output grating coupler to a perfectly vertical single mode fiber. Autocorrelation and spectral measurements indicate the device has <1 ps response time, 4 nm of switching bandwidth, and 4 dB of on/off contrast. With sufficient power, this all-optical device can potentially modulate a single optical carrier frequency in excess of 1 THz.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (1)

2012 (1)

K. Imakita, Y. Tsuchihashi, R. Naruiwa, M. Fujii, H. T. Sun, J. Qiu, and S. Hayashi, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical responses of bismuth doped silicon-rich silica films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191106 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

C. Y. Lin, X. Wang, S. Chakravarty, B. S. Lee, W. Lai, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Electro-Optic Polymer Infiltrated Silicon Photonic Crystal Slot Waveguide Modulator with 23dB Slow Light Enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(9), 093304 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrié, Q.-V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, “Ultrafast all-optical modulation in GaAs photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Esembeson, M. L. Scimeca, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, and I. Biaggio, “A High-Optical Quality Supramolecular Assembly for Third-Order Integrated Nonlinear Optics,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4584–4587 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

D. Aillaerta, F. Van Laere, M. Yre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jap, J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).

C. Manolatou and M. Lipson, “All-Optical Silicon Modulators Based on Carrier Injection by Two-Photon Absorption,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(3), 1433–1439 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200 to 2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69(11), 115421 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

C. Xu, J. M. Roth, W. H. Knox, and K. Bergman, “Ultra-Sensitive Autocorrelation of 1.5 Mu M Light with Single Photon Counting Silicon Avalanche Photodiode,” Electron. Lett. 38(2), 86–88 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

L. G. Roberts, “Beyond Moore's law: Internet growth trends,” Computer 33(1), 117–119 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

D. Hall, P. Underhill, and J. M. Torkelson, “Spin Coating of Thin and Ultrathin Polymer Films,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 38(12), 2039–2045 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, “Microring resonator channel dropping filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(6), 998–1005 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Toruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

M. Thakur and D. M. Krol, “Demonstration of all-optical phase modulation in polydiacetylene waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(13), 1213–1215 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

1877 (1)

J. Kerr, “On Rotation of the Plane of Polarization by Reflection from the Pole of a Magnet,” Philos. Mag. 3(3), 321–343 (1877).

Aillaerta, D.

D. Aillaerta, F. Van Laere, M. Yre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jap, J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).

Andrejco, M. J.

Baets, R.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Aillaerta, F. Van Laere, M. Yre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jap, J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).

Baker, G.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Toruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

Barlow, S.

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bergman, K.

C. Xu, J. M. Roth, W. H. Knox, and K. Bergman, “Ultra-Sensitive Autocorrelation of 1.5 Mu M Light with Single Photon Counting Silicon Avalanche Photodiode,” Electron. Lett. 38(2), 86–88 (2002).
[Crossref]

Biaggio, I.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Esembeson, M. L. Scimeca, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, and I. Biaggio, “A High-Optical Quality Supramolecular Assembly for Third-Order Integrated Nonlinear Optics,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4584–4587 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bienstman, P.

D. Aillaerta, F. Van Laere, M. Yre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jap, J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).

Blasco, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bogaerts, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Aillaerta, F. Van Laere, M. Yre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jap, J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).

Cha, M.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Toruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

Chakravarty, S.

C. Y. Lin, X. Wang, S. Chakravarty, B. S. Lee, W. Lai, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Electro-Optic Polymer Infiltrated Silicon Photonic Crystal Slot Waveguide Modulator with 23dB Slow Light Enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(9), 093304 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, R. T.

J. Covey and R. T. Chen, “Efficient perfectly vertical fiber-to-chip grating coupler for silicon horizontal multiple slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 21(9), 10886–10896 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Lin, X. Wang, S. Chakravarty, B. S. Lee, W. Lai, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Electro-Optic Polymer Infiltrated Silicon Photonic Crystal Slot Waveguide Modulator with 23dB Slow Light Enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(9), 093304 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chi, S. H.

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cho, J. Y.

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, “Microring resonator channel dropping filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(6), 998–1005 (1997).
[Crossref]

Combrié, S.

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrié, Q.-V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, “Ultrafast all-optical modulation in GaAs photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Covey, J.

Daldosso, N.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Rossi, A.

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrié, Q.-V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, “Ultrafast all-optical modulation in GaAs photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Delong, K. W.

Diederich, F.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Esembeson, M. L. Scimeca, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, and I. Biaggio, “A High-Optical Quality Supramolecular Assembly for Third-Order Integrated Nonlinear Optics,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4584–4587 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dinu, M.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dumon, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Esembeson, B.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Esembeson, M. L. Scimeca, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, and I. Biaggio, “A High-Optical Quality Supramolecular Assembly for Third-Order Integrated Nonlinear Optics,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4584–4587 (2008).
[Crossref]

Etemad, S.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Toruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fedeli, J. M.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Foresi, J.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, “Microring resonator channel dropping filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(6), 998–1005 (1997).
[Crossref]

Freude, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fuentes-Hernandez, C.

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fujii, M.

K. Imakita, Y. Tsuchihashi, R. Naruiwa, M. Fujii, H. T. Sun, J. Qiu, and S. Hayashi, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical responses of bismuth doped silicon-rich silica films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Galán, J. V.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garcia, H.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

García-Rupérez, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garrido, B.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gautier, P.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guider, R.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gulde, S.

Hales, J. M.

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hall, D.

D. Hall, P. Underhill, and J. M. Torkelson, “Spin Coating of Thin and Ultrathin Polymer Films,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 38(12), 2039–2045 (1998).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, “Microring resonator channel dropping filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(6), 998–1005 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hayashi, S.

K. Imakita, Y. Tsuchihashi, R. Naruiwa, M. Fujii, H. T. Sun, J. Qiu, and S. Hayashi, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical responses of bismuth doped silicon-rich silica films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hernández, S.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Husko, C.

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrié, Q.-V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, “Ultrafast all-optical modulation in GaAs photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Imakita, K.

K. Imakita, Y. Tsuchihashi, R. Naruiwa, M. Fujii, H. T. Sun, J. Qiu, and S. Hayashi, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical responses of bismuth doped silicon-rich silica films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jebali, A.

Jen, A. K.-Y.

C. Y. Lin, X. Wang, S. Chakravarty, B. S. Lee, W. Lai, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Electro-Optic Polymer Infiltrated Silicon Photonic Crystal Slot Waveguide Modulator with 23dB Slow Light Enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(9), 093304 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jordana, E.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, J. U.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Toruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kerr, J.

J. Kerr, “On Rotation of the Plane of Polarization by Reflection from the Pole of a Magnet,” Philos. Mag. 3(3), 321–343 (1877).

Kippelen, B.

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Knox, W. H.

C. Xu, J. M. Roth, W. H. Knox, and K. Bergman, “Ultra-Sensitive Autocorrelation of 1.5 Mu M Light with Single Photon Counting Silicon Avalanche Photodiode,” Electron. Lett. 38(2), 86–88 (2002).
[Crossref]

Koos, C.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Krol, D. M.

M. Thakur and D. M. Krol, “Demonstration of all-optical phase modulation in polydiacetylene waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(13), 1213–1215 (1990).
[Crossref]

Lai, W.

C. Y. Lin, X. Wang, S. Chakravarty, B. S. Lee, W. Lai, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Electro-Optic Polymer Infiltrated Silicon Photonic Crystal Slot Waveguide Modulator with 23dB Slow Light Enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(9), 093304 (2010).
[Crossref]

Laine, J. P.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, “Microring resonator channel dropping filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(6), 998–1005 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lawrence, B. L.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Toruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lebour, Y.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, B. S.

C. Y. Lin, X. Wang, S. Chakravarty, B. S. Lee, W. Lai, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Electro-Optic Polymer Infiltrated Silicon Photonic Crystal Slot Waveguide Modulator with 23dB Slow Light Enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(9), 093304 (2010).
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. Y.

C. Y. Lin, X. Wang, S. Chakravarty, B. S. Lee, W. Lai, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Electro-Optic Polymer Infiltrated Silicon Photonic Crystal Slot Waveguide Modulator with 23dB Slow Light Enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(9), 093304 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lipson, M.

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, “Microring resonator channel dropping filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(6), 998–1005 (1997).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. C.

Liu, M.

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200 to 2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69(11), 115421 (2004).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

C. Y. Lin, X. Wang, S. Chakravarty, B. S. Lee, W. Lai, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Electro-Optic Polymer Infiltrated Silicon Photonic Crystal Slot Waveguide Modulator with 23dB Slow Light Enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(9), 093304 (2010).
[Crossref]

Manolatou, C.

Marder, S. R.

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Martí, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martínez, A.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meth, J.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Toruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

Michinobu, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Esembeson, M. L. Scimeca, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, and I. Biaggio, “A High-Optical Quality Supramolecular Assembly for Third-Order Integrated Nonlinear Optics,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4584–4587 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mizrahi, V.

Moll, N.

Naruiwa, R.

K. Imakita, Y. Tsuchihashi, R. Naruiwa, M. Fujii, H. T. Sun, J. Qiu, and S. Hayashi, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical responses of bismuth doped silicon-rich silica films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Odom, S. A.

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pavesi, L.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perry, J. W.

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Polyakov, S.

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200 to 2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69(11), 115421 (2004).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

K. Imakita, Y. Tsuchihashi, R. Naruiwa, M. Fujii, H. T. Sun, J. Qiu, and S. Hayashi, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical responses of bismuth doped silicon-rich silica films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Quochi, F.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Raineri, F.

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrié, Q.-V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, “Ultrafast all-optical modulation in GaAs photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Roberts, L. G.

L. G. Roberts, “Beyond Moore's law: Internet growth trends,” Computer 33(1), 117–119 (2000).
[Crossref]

Roth, J. M.

C. Xu, J. M. Roth, W. H. Knox, and K. Bergman, “Ultra-Sensitive Autocorrelation of 1.5 Mu M Light with Single Photon Counting Silicon Avalanche Photodiode,” Electron. Lett. 38(2), 86–88 (2002).
[Crossref]

Saifi, M. A.

Sanchis, P.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schrock, R. R.

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Scimeca, M. L.

B. Esembeson, M. L. Scimeca, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, and I. Biaggio, “A High-Optical Quality Supramolecular Assembly for Third-Order Integrated Nonlinear Optics,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4584–4587 (2008).
[Crossref]

Spano, R.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast All-Optical Switching in a Silicon-Nanocrystal-Based Silicon Slot Waveguide at Telecom Wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stegeman, G.

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200 to 2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69(11), 115421 (2004).
[Crossref]

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Toruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

Stegeman, G. I.

Sun, H. T.

K. Imakita, Y. Tsuchihashi, R. Naruiwa, M. Fujii, H. T. Sun, J. Qiu, and S. Hayashi, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical responses of bismuth doped silicon-rich silica films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Thakur, M.

M. Thakur and D. M. Krol, “Demonstration of all-optical phase modulation in polydiacetylene waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(13), 1213–1215 (1990).
[Crossref]

Torkelson, J. M.

D. Hall, P. Underhill, and J. M. Torkelson, “Spin Coating of Thin and Ultrathin Polymer Films,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 38(12), 2039–2045 (1998).
[Crossref]

Toruellas, W.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Toruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tran, Q.-V.

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrié, Q.-V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, “Ultrafast all-optical modulation in GaAs photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tseng, S. Y.

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tsuchihashi, Y.

K. Imakita, Y. Tsuchihashi, R. Naruiwa, M. Fujii, H. T. Sun, J. Qiu, and S. Hayashi, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical responses of bismuth doped silicon-rich silica films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Underhill, P.

D. Hall, P. Underhill, and J. M. Torkelson, “Spin Coating of Thin and Ultrathin Polymer Films,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 38(12), 2039–2045 (1998).
[Crossref]

Vallaitis, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Van Laere, F.

D. Aillaerta, F. Van Laere, M. Yre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jap, J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).

Van Thourhout, D.

D. Aillaerta, F. Van Laere, M. Yre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jap, J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).

Vorreau, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

C. Y. Lin, X. Wang, S. Chakravarty, B. S. Lee, W. Lai, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Electro-Optic Polymer Infiltrated Silicon Photonic Crystal Slot Waveguide Modulator with 23dB Slow Light Enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(9), 093304 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wong, C. W.

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrié, Q.-V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, “Ultrafast all-optical modulation in GaAs photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, C.

C. Xu, J. M. Roth, W. H. Knox, and K. Bergman, “Ultra-Sensitive Autocorrelation of 1.5 Mu M Light with Single Photon Counting Silicon Avalanche Photodiode,” Electron. Lett. 38(2), 86–88 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

Yoshino, F.

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200 to 2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69(11), 115421 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yre, M.

D. Aillaerta, F. Van Laere, M. Yre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating Couplers for Coupling between Optical Fibers and Nanophotonic Waveguides,” Jap, J. Appl. Phys. 45(8A), 6071–6077 (2006).

Zhang, Q.

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

S. H. Chi, J. M. Hales, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Y. Tseng, J. Y. Cho, S. A. Odom, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, R. R. Schrock, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and J. W. Perry, “Thick Optical-Quality Films of Substituted Polyacetylenes with Large, Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearities and Application to Image Correlation,” Adv. Mater. 20(17), 3199–3203 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Esembeson, M. L. Scimeca, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, and I. Biaggio, “A High-Optical Quality Supramolecular Assembly for Third-Order Integrated Nonlinear Optics,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4584–4587 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

M. Thakur and D. M. Krol, “Demonstration of all-optical phase modulation in polydiacetylene waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(13), 1213–1215 (1990).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Lin, X. Wang, S. Chakravarty, B. S. Lee, W. Lai, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Electro-Optic Polymer Infiltrated Silicon Photonic Crystal Slot Waveguide Modulator with 23dB Slow Light Enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(9), 093304 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Imakita, Y. Tsuchihashi, R. Naruiwa, M. Fujii, H. T. Sun, J. Qiu, and S. Hayashi, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical responses of bismuth doped silicon-rich silica films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191106 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrié, Q.-V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, “Ultrafast all-optical modulation in GaAs photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Computer (1)

L. G. Roberts, “Beyond Moore's law: Internet growth trends,” Computer 33(1), 117–119 (2000).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

C. Xu, J. M. Roth, W. H. Knox, and K. Bergman, “Ultra-Sensitive Autocorrelation of 1.5 Mu M Light with Single Photon Counting Silicon Avalanche Photodiode,” Electron. Lett. 38(2), 86–88 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Toruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Chemical structure of the DDMEBT molecule, the nonlinear optical material used in this work.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 n (index) and k (absorption) values obtained via ellipsometry for DDMEBT spun onto silicon chips. The red curve is absorption, and the green curve is index of refraction.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Visible dark field microscopy showing (a) DDMEBT as spun onto an SOI chip with pre-etched test patterns and microscopic bubbles in the film and (b) the same chip after a 2-step post bake.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Cross-section SEM images of (a) complex film flow over a non-uniform silicon grating coupler. DDMEBT thickness variations depend highly upon the underlying silicon grating topography, (b) a short period grating, where the DDMEBT layer is also perfectly periodic, and (c) a post-baked DDMEBT layer successfully infiltrating an 80 nm slot waveguide.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Visible dark field microscope image of (a) 30 and (b) 60 micron long resonators with grating couplers and reflecting gratings. The striations surrounding the grating couplers are alignment marks to aid optical alignment with a vertically oriented single mode fiber.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Diagram of optical setup, where the aligned chip is connected to either a femtosecond pulsed laser and autocorrelator or to a C-band broadband source and optical spectrum analyzer. (b) Schematic of autocorrelator.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Autocorrelation traces (black) and coupled mode theory simulations (blue) of (a) the 30 μm long optical resonator, and (b) the 60 μm long optical resonator. The largest average power values obtained over all trace sweeps are given at each data point in order to best show the autocorrelation envelope. Each data point contains 1,000 power samples.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Spectral output of DDMEBT resonators (a) with an underlying silicon waveguide and (b) without underlying silicon exposed to a 20 MHz repetition rate femtosecond pulse laser at various input powers. A very strong blueshift is observed in both devices as input fluence increases. All spectral curves are normalized to the femtosecond fiber laser output at maximum input current.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Spectra at various coupled peak powers from a 5 kHz femtosecond laser into a 43 μm long DDMEBT slab resonator/coupler hybrid with underlying silicon removed in the resonator region.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Material Parameters of Spun-on DDMEBT Ellipsometer Model in WVASE Software

Equations (1)

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FOM= n 2 βλ

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