Abstract

A simplified control system is described which uses only three point calibration to maintain the wavelength of the ITU channels of an uncooled DS-DBR laser, spaced at 50GHz, over the full C-band. Wavelength is controlled mode-hop free over a temperature range of 45° to 80°C.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. C. Renaud and A. J. Seeds, “Coolerless tuneable semiconductor laser operated over 32, 100GHz-spaced channels with less than 0.1nm thermal drift,” Electron. Lett. 41(3), 127–128 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy (2010), paper Mo.1.B.2.
    [Crossref]
  3. L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, R. Cush, R. Turner, M. J. Wale, and A. J. Seeds, “Simplified Wavelength Control of Uncooled Widely Tuneable DSDBR Laser for Optical Access Networks,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, London2013.
    [Crossref]
  4. N. D. Whitbread, A. J. Ward, B. de Largy, M. Q. Kearley, B. Aplin, P. J. William, and M. J. Wale, “AlGaInAs-InP C-Band Tunable DS-DBR Laser for Semi-Cooled Operation at 55°C,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, Brussels, Belgium2008.
  5. A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  6. L. Ponnampalam, D. J. Robbins, A. J. Ward, N. D. Whitbread, J. P. Duck, G. Busico, and D. J. Bazley, “Equivalent Performance in C- and L-bands of Digital Supermode Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 798–803 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Teshima, “Dynamic Wavelength Tuning Characteristics of the 1.5μm Three-Section DBR Lasers: Analysis and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(8), 1389–1400 (1995).
    [Crossref]

2007 (1)

L. Ponnampalam, D. J. Robbins, A. J. Ward, N. D. Whitbread, J. P. Duck, G. Busico, and D. J. Bazley, “Equivalent Performance in C- and L-bands of Digital Supermode Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 798–803 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

C. C. Renaud and A. J. Seeds, “Coolerless tuneable semiconductor laser operated over 32, 100GHz-spaced channels with less than 0.1nm thermal drift,” Electron. Lett. 41(3), 127–128 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. Teshima, “Dynamic Wavelength Tuning Characteristics of the 1.5μm Three-Section DBR Lasers: Analysis and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(8), 1389–1400 (1995).
[Crossref]

Aplin, B.

N. D. Whitbread, A. J. Ward, B. de Largy, M. Q. Kearley, B. Aplin, P. J. William, and M. J. Wale, “AlGaInAs-InP C-Band Tunable DS-DBR Laser for Semi-Cooled Operation at 55°C,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, Brussels, Belgium2008.

Barton, E.

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bazley, D. J.

L. Ponnampalam, D. J. Robbins, A. J. Ward, N. D. Whitbread, J. P. Duck, G. Busico, and D. J. Bazley, “Equivalent Performance in C- and L-bands of Digital Supermode Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 798–803 (2007).
[Crossref]

Busico, G.

L. Ponnampalam, D. J. Robbins, A. J. Ward, N. D. Whitbread, J. P. Duck, G. Busico, and D. J. Bazley, “Equivalent Performance in C- and L-bands of Digital Supermode Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 798–803 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
[Crossref]

Carter, A. C.

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cush, R.

L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, R. Cush, R. Turner, M. J. Wale, and A. J. Seeds, “Simplified Wavelength Control of Uncooled Widely Tuneable DSDBR Laser for Optical Access Networks,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, London2013.
[Crossref]

de Largy, B.

N. D. Whitbread, A. J. Ward, B. de Largy, M. Q. Kearley, B. Aplin, P. J. William, and M. J. Wale, “AlGaInAs-InP C-Band Tunable DS-DBR Laser for Semi-Cooled Operation at 55°C,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, Brussels, Belgium2008.

Duck, J. P.

L. Ponnampalam, D. J. Robbins, A. J. Ward, N. D. Whitbread, J. P. Duck, G. Busico, and D. J. Bazley, “Equivalent Performance in C- and L-bands of Digital Supermode Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 798–803 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kearley, M. Q.

N. D. Whitbread, A. J. Ward, B. de Largy, M. Q. Kearley, B. Aplin, P. J. William, and M. J. Wale, “AlGaInAs-InP C-Band Tunable DS-DBR Laser for Semi-Cooled Operation at 55°C,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, Brussels, Belgium2008.

Ponnampalam, L.

L. Ponnampalam, D. J. Robbins, A. J. Ward, N. D. Whitbread, J. P. Duck, G. Busico, and D. J. Bazley, “Equivalent Performance in C- and L-bands of Digital Supermode Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 798–803 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, R. Cush, R. Turner, M. J. Wale, and A. J. Seeds, “Simplified Wavelength Control of Uncooled Widely Tuneable DSDBR Laser for Optical Access Networks,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, London2013.
[Crossref]

Reid, D. C. J.

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
[Crossref]

Renaud, C. C.

C. C. Renaud and A. J. Seeds, “Coolerless tuneable semiconductor laser operated over 32, 100GHz-spaced channels with less than 0.1nm thermal drift,” Electron. Lett. 41(3), 127–128 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, R. Cush, R. Turner, M. J. Wale, and A. J. Seeds, “Simplified Wavelength Control of Uncooled Widely Tuneable DSDBR Laser for Optical Access Networks,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, London2013.
[Crossref]

Robbins, D. J.

L. Ponnampalam, D. J. Robbins, A. J. Ward, N. D. Whitbread, J. P. Duck, G. Busico, and D. J. Bazley, “Equivalent Performance in C- and L-bands of Digital Supermode Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 798–803 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
[Crossref]

Seeds, A. J.

C. C. Renaud and A. J. Seeds, “Coolerless tuneable semiconductor laser operated over 32, 100GHz-spaced channels with less than 0.1nm thermal drift,” Electron. Lett. 41(3), 127–128 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, R. Cush, R. Turner, M. J. Wale, and A. J. Seeds, “Simplified Wavelength Control of Uncooled Widely Tuneable DSDBR Laser for Optical Access Networks,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, London2013.
[Crossref]

Teshima, M.

M. Teshima, “Dynamic Wavelength Tuning Characteristics of the 1.5μm Three-Section DBR Lasers: Analysis and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(8), 1389–1400 (1995).
[Crossref]

Turner, R.

L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, R. Cush, R. Turner, M. J. Wale, and A. J. Seeds, “Simplified Wavelength Control of Uncooled Widely Tuneable DSDBR Laser for Optical Access Networks,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, London2013.
[Crossref]

Wale, M. J.

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, R. Cush, R. Turner, M. J. Wale, and A. J. Seeds, “Simplified Wavelength Control of Uncooled Widely Tuneable DSDBR Laser for Optical Access Networks,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, London2013.
[Crossref]

N. D. Whitbread, A. J. Ward, B. de Largy, M. Q. Kearley, B. Aplin, P. J. William, and M. J. Wale, “AlGaInAs-InP C-Band Tunable DS-DBR Laser for Semi-Cooled Operation at 55°C,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, Brussels, Belgium2008.

Ward, A. J.

L. Ponnampalam, D. J. Robbins, A. J. Ward, N. D. Whitbread, J. P. Duck, G. Busico, and D. J. Bazley, “Equivalent Performance in C- and L-bands of Digital Supermode Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 798–803 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. D. Whitbread, A. J. Ward, B. de Largy, M. Q. Kearley, B. Aplin, P. J. William, and M. J. Wale, “AlGaInAs-InP C-Band Tunable DS-DBR Laser for Semi-Cooled Operation at 55°C,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, Brussels, Belgium2008.

Whitbread, N. D.

L. Ponnampalam, D. J. Robbins, A. J. Ward, N. D. Whitbread, J. P. Duck, G. Busico, and D. J. Bazley, “Equivalent Performance in C- and L-bands of Digital Supermode Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 798–803 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. D. Whitbread, A. J. Ward, B. de Largy, M. Q. Kearley, B. Aplin, P. J. William, and M. J. Wale, “AlGaInAs-InP C-Band Tunable DS-DBR Laser for Semi-Cooled Operation at 55°C,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, Brussels, Belgium2008.

William, P. J.

N. D. Whitbread, A. J. Ward, B. de Largy, M. Q. Kearley, B. Aplin, P. J. William, and M. J. Wale, “AlGaInAs-InP C-Band Tunable DS-DBR Laser for Semi-Cooled Operation at 55°C,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, Brussels, Belgium2008.

Williams, P. J.

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. C. Renaud and A. J. Seeds, “Coolerless tuneable semiconductor laser operated over 32, 100GHz-spaced channels with less than 0.1nm thermal drift,” Electron. Lett. 41(3), 127–128 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. (1)

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter, and M. J. Wale, “Widely Tuneable DS-DBR Laser with Monolithically Integrated SOA:Design and Performance,” IEEE J. of Sel. Top. in Qunatum Electron. 11(1), 149–156 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

L. Ponnampalam, D. J. Robbins, A. J. Ward, N. D. Whitbread, J. P. Duck, G. Busico, and D. J. Bazley, “Equivalent Performance in C- and L-bands of Digital Supermode Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 798–803 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Teshima, “Dynamic Wavelength Tuning Characteristics of the 1.5μm Three-Section DBR Lasers: Analysis and Experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(8), 1389–1400 (1995).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy (2010), paper Mo.1.B.2.
[Crossref]

L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, R. Cush, R. Turner, M. J. Wale, and A. J. Seeds, “Simplified Wavelength Control of Uncooled Widely Tuneable DSDBR Laser for Optical Access Networks,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, London2013.
[Crossref]

N. D. Whitbread, A. J. Ward, B. de Largy, M. Q. Kearley, B. Aplin, P. J. William, and M. J. Wale, “AlGaInAs-InP C-Band Tunable DS-DBR Laser for Semi-Cooled Operation at 55°C,” Proceeding of the European Conference on Optical Communications, Brussels, Belgium2008.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental Arrangement (** used to vary the temperature over a wide range).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Wavelength tuning map of the laser at 25°C. Vertical dashed lines correspond to front grating pair switch (FG: Front grating)[The phase and rear current scales are related to a polynomial function].
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Mode-hop free tuning range of 84 channels spaced at 50GHz.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Typical wavelength deviation of the ITU channels (b) Side mode suppression ratio over the entire tuning range.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Back-to-back transmission experiment arrangement.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Comparison of bit error ratio on adjacent channels spaced at 50GHz with wavelength control on and off. The wavelength of the athermal laser (Ch 2) was set at 1548.735nm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured eye diagrams at different temperatures with the wavelength control off (A to D) and on (E) [time base: 50ps/div]. A – Channel 3 when athermal laser temperature was at 72°C (wavelength control off) B – Channel 1 when athermal laser temperature was at 66°C (wavelength control off) C – Channel 1 when athermal laser temperature was >66.5°C (wavelength control off) D – Channel 3 when athermal laser temperature was <71.5°C (wavelength control off) E – Channels 1 and 3 over full temperature range (wavelength control on).

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