M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, N. Weimann, V. Houtsma, T. Hu, N. J. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, S. Chandrasekhar, and Y. K. Chen, “Monolithic InP dual-polarization and dual-quadrature coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 694–696 (2011).

[Crossref]

S. J. Savory, “Digital coherent optical receivers: algorithms and subsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1164–1179 (2010).

[Crossref]

A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Dynamic range of single-ended detection receivers for 100 GE coherent PM-QPSK,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1281–1283 (2008).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, N. Weimann, V. Houtsma, T. Hu, N. J. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, S. Chandrasekhar, and Y. K. Chen, “Monolithic InP dual-polarization and dual-quadrature coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 694–696 (2011).

[Crossref]

A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Dynamic range of single-ended detection receivers for 100 GE coherent PM-QPSK,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1281–1283 (2008).

[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, N. Weimann, V. Houtsma, T. Hu, N. J. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, S. Chandrasekhar, and Y. K. Chen, “Monolithic InP dual-polarization and dual-quadrature coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 694–696 (2011).

[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, N. Weimann, V. Houtsma, T. Hu, N. J. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, S. Chandrasekhar, and Y. K. Chen, “Monolithic InP dual-polarization and dual-quadrature coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 694–696 (2011).

[Crossref]

A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Dynamic range of single-ended detection receivers for 100 GE coherent PM-QPSK,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1281–1283 (2008).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, N. Weimann, V. Houtsma, T. Hu, N. J. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, S. Chandrasekhar, and Y. K. Chen, “Monolithic InP dual-polarization and dual-quadrature coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 694–696 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Dynamic range of single-ended detection receivers for 100 GE coherent PM-QPSK,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1281–1283 (2008).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, N. Weimann, V. Houtsma, T. Hu, N. J. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, S. Chandrasekhar, and Y. K. Chen, “Monolithic InP dual-polarization and dual-quadrature coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 694–696 (2011).

[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, N. Weimann, V. Houtsma, T. Hu, N. J. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, S. Chandrasekhar, and Y. K. Chen, “Monolithic InP dual-polarization and dual-quadrature coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 694–696 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, N. Weimann, V. Houtsma, T. Hu, N. J. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, S. Chandrasekhar, and Y. K. Chen, “Monolithic InP dual-polarization and dual-quadrature coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 694–696 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Dynamic range of single-ended detection receivers for 100 GE coherent PM-QPSK,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1281–1283 (2008).

[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, N. Weimann, V. Houtsma, T. Hu, N. J. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, S. Chandrasekhar, and Y. K. Chen, “Monolithic InP dual-polarization and dual-quadrature coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 694–696 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

S. J. Savory, “Digital coherent optical receivers: algorithms and subsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1164–1179 (2010).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, N. Weimann, V. Houtsma, T. Hu, N. J. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, S. Chandrasekhar, and Y. K. Chen, “Monolithic InP dual-polarization and dual-quadrature coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 694–696 (2011).

[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, N. Weimann, V. Houtsma, T. Hu, N. J. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, S. Chandrasekhar, and Y. K. Chen, “Monolithic InP dual-polarization and dual-quadrature coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 694–696 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, N. Weimann, V. Houtsma, T. Hu, N. J. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, S. Chandrasekhar, and Y. K. Chen, “Monolithic InP dual-polarization and dual-quadrature coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 694–696 (2011).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

S. J. Savory, “Digital coherent optical receivers: algorithms and subsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1164–1179 (2010).

[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, N. Weimann, V. Houtsma, T. Hu, N. J. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, S. Chandrasekhar, and Y. K. Chen, “Monolithic InP dual-polarization and dual-quadrature coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 694–696 (2011).

[Crossref]

A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Dynamic range of single-ended detection receivers for 100 GE coherent PM-QPSK,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(15), 1281–1283 (2008).

[Crossref]

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Curto, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, T. J. Schmidt, C. Malouin, B. Zhang, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, M. Glavanovic, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, R. Saunders, G. Nicholl, M. Nowell, and F. Forghieri, “Real-time single-carrier coherent 100 Gb/s PM-QPSK field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 417–425 (2011).

[Crossref]

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-optic Communication Systems, 3rd ed. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2002).

K. Kikuchi, “Coherent optical communication systems,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunications, V, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li and A. E. Willner, eds. (Elsevier, 2008), Vol. B. Chap. 3.

B. Razavi, Design of Integrated Circuits for Optical Communication Systems (McGraw-Hill, 2003).

OIF IA # OIF-DPC-RX-01.0, “Implementation agreement for integrated dual polarization intradyne coherent receivers,” April 16, 2010.

C. Xie, “Local oscillator phase noise induced penalties in optical coherent detection systems using electronic chromatic dispersion compensation,” in Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC, paper OMT4 (2009).