Abstract

This paper describes both the experimental and theoretical evaluation of the cascadability of all optical routers in optical label swapping networks incorporating a multistage wavelength conversion with 2R regeneration. A full description of a novel experimental setup allows the packet-by-packet measurements in systems with up to 16 hops and 10 Gbit/s payload showing 1 dB penalty with 10-12 bit error rate. The conducted simulations on the system test-bed predict router scalability for systems with up to 64 hops.

©2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Y. Jeon, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Wang, V. Akella, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, J. Pan, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “Demonstration of all-optical packet switching routers with optical label swapping and 2R regeneration for scalable optical label switching network operation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2723–2733 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  2. Z. Zhu, V. J. Hernandez, M. Y. Jeon, J. Cao, Z. Pan, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “RF photonics signal processing in subcarrier multiplexed optical-label switching communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3155–3166 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  3. T. Koonen Sulur, I. T. Monroy, J. Jennen, and H. de Waardt, “Optical labeling of packets in IP-over-WDM networks,” Proc ECOC (2002), Paper 5.5.2.
  4. S. J. Ben Yoo, H. J. Lee, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Zhang, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei “Rapidly switching all-optical packet routing system with optical-label swapping incorporating tunable wavelength conversion and a uniform-loss cyclic frequency AWGR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1211–1213 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  5. Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Paraschis, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “10000-hop cascaded in-line all-optical 3R Regeneration to achieve 1250000 km 10-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 718–720 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Popov, A. Martinez, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, P. Y Fonjallaz, and B. Ortega, “Fiber-Bragg-grating-based device for payload and label separation in highly packed subcarrier-multiplexed optical label swapping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2445–2447 (2005)
    [Crossref]
  7. H. J. Lee, S. J. Ben Yoo, V. K. Tsui, and S. K. H. Fong ,”A simple all-optical label detection and swapping technique incorporating a Fiber Bragg Grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 635–637 (2001).
    [Crossref]

2006 (1)

Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Paraschis, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “10000-hop cascaded in-line all-optical 3R Regeneration to achieve 1250000 km 10-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 718–720 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

M. Popov, A. Martinez, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, P. Y Fonjallaz, and B. Ortega, “Fiber-Bragg-grating-based device for payload and label separation in highly packed subcarrier-multiplexed optical label swapping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2445–2447 (2005)
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

2002 (2)

T. Koonen Sulur, I. T. Monroy, J. Jennen, and H. de Waardt, “Optical labeling of packets in IP-over-WDM networks,” Proc ECOC (2002), Paper 5.5.2.

S. J. Ben Yoo, H. J. Lee, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Zhang, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei “Rapidly switching all-optical packet routing system with optical-label swapping incorporating tunable wavelength conversion and a uniform-loss cyclic frequency AWGR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1211–1213 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

H. J. Lee, S. J. Ben Yoo, V. K. Tsui, and S. K. H. Fong ,”A simple all-optical label detection and swapping technique incorporating a Fiber Bragg Grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 635–637 (2001).
[Crossref]

Akella, V.

Bansal, Y.

Ben Yoo, S. J.

Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Paraschis, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “10000-hop cascaded in-line all-optical 3R Regeneration to achieve 1250000 km 10-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 718–720 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Jeon, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Wang, V. Akella, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, J. Pan, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “Demonstration of all-optical packet switching routers with optical label swapping and 2R regeneration for scalable optical label switching network operation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2723–2733 (2003).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, V. J. Hernandez, M. Y. Jeon, J. Cao, Z. Pan, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “RF photonics signal processing in subcarrier multiplexed optical-label switching communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3155–3166 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. J. Ben Yoo, H. J. Lee, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Zhang, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei “Rapidly switching all-optical packet routing system with optical-label swapping incorporating tunable wavelength conversion and a uniform-loss cyclic frequency AWGR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1211–1213 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. J. Lee, S. J. Ben Yoo, V. K. Tsui, and S. K. H. Fong ,”A simple all-optical label detection and swapping technique incorporating a Fiber Bragg Grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 635–637 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cao, J.

Capmany, J.

M. Popov, A. Martinez, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, P. Y Fonjallaz, and B. Ortega, “Fiber-Bragg-grating-based device for payload and label separation in highly packed subcarrier-multiplexed optical label swapping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2445–2447 (2005)
[Crossref]

de Waardt, H.

T. Koonen Sulur, I. T. Monroy, J. Jennen, and H. de Waardt, “Optical labeling of packets in IP-over-WDM networks,” Proc ECOC (2002), Paper 5.5.2.

Fong, S. K. H.

H. J. Lee, S. J. Ben Yoo, V. K. Tsui, and S. K. H. Fong ,”A simple all-optical label detection and swapping technique incorporating a Fiber Bragg Grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 635–637 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fonjallaz, P. Y

M. Popov, A. Martinez, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, P. Y Fonjallaz, and B. Ortega, “Fiber-Bragg-grating-based device for payload and label separation in highly packed subcarrier-multiplexed optical label swapping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2445–2447 (2005)
[Crossref]

Funabashi, M.

Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Paraschis, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “10000-hop cascaded in-line all-optical 3R Regeneration to achieve 1250000 km 10-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 718–720 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hernandez, V. J.

Jennen, J.

T. Koonen Sulur, I. T. Monroy, J. Jennen, and H. de Waardt, “Optical labeling of packets in IP-over-WDM networks,” Proc ECOC (2002), Paper 5.5.2.

Jeon, M. Y.

Kamei, S.

M. Y. Jeon, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Wang, V. Akella, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, J. Pan, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “Demonstration of all-optical packet switching routers with optical label swapping and 2R regeneration for scalable optical label switching network operation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2723–2733 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. J. Ben Yoo, H. J. Lee, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Zhang, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei “Rapidly switching all-optical packet routing system with optical-label swapping incorporating tunable wavelength conversion and a uniform-loss cyclic frequency AWGR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1211–1213 (2002).
[Crossref]

Koonen Sulur, T.

T. Koonen Sulur, I. T. Monroy, J. Jennen, and H. de Waardt, “Optical labeling of packets in IP-over-WDM networks,” Proc ECOC (2002), Paper 5.5.2.

Lee, H. J.

S. J. Ben Yoo, H. J. Lee, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Zhang, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei “Rapidly switching all-optical packet routing system with optical-label swapping incorporating tunable wavelength conversion and a uniform-loss cyclic frequency AWGR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1211–1213 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. J. Lee, S. J. Ben Yoo, V. K. Tsui, and S. K. H. Fong ,”A simple all-optical label detection and swapping technique incorporating a Fiber Bragg Grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 635–637 (2001).
[Crossref]

Martinez, A.

M. Popov, A. Martinez, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, P. Y Fonjallaz, and B. Ortega, “Fiber-Bragg-grating-based device for payload and label separation in highly packed subcarrier-multiplexed optical label swapping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2445–2447 (2005)
[Crossref]

Monroy, I. T.

T. Koonen Sulur, I. T. Monroy, J. Jennen, and H. de Waardt, “Optical labeling of packets in IP-over-WDM networks,” Proc ECOC (2002), Paper 5.5.2.

Okamoto, K.

M. Y. Jeon, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Wang, V. Akella, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, J. Pan, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “Demonstration of all-optical packet switching routers with optical label swapping and 2R regeneration for scalable optical label switching network operation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2723–2733 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. J. Ben Yoo, H. J. Lee, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Zhang, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei “Rapidly switching all-optical packet routing system with optical-label swapping incorporating tunable wavelength conversion and a uniform-loss cyclic frequency AWGR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1211–1213 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ortega, B.

M. Popov, A. Martinez, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, P. Y Fonjallaz, and B. Ortega, “Fiber-Bragg-grating-based device for payload and label separation in highly packed subcarrier-multiplexed optical label swapping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2445–2447 (2005)
[Crossref]

Pan, J.

Pan, Z.

Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Paraschis, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “10000-hop cascaded in-line all-optical 3R Regeneration to achieve 1250000 km 10-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 718–720 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Jeon, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Wang, V. Akella, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, J. Pan, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “Demonstration of all-optical packet switching routers with optical label swapping and 2R regeneration for scalable optical label switching network operation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2723–2733 (2003).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, V. J. Hernandez, M. Y. Jeon, J. Cao, Z. Pan, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “RF photonics signal processing in subcarrier multiplexed optical-label switching communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3155–3166 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. J. Ben Yoo, H. J. Lee, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Zhang, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei “Rapidly switching all-optical packet routing system with optical-label swapping incorporating tunable wavelength conversion and a uniform-loss cyclic frequency AWGR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1211–1213 (2002).
[Crossref]

Paraschis, L.

Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Paraschis, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “10000-hop cascaded in-line all-optical 3R Regeneration to achieve 1250000 km 10-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 718–720 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pastor, D.

M. Popov, A. Martinez, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, P. Y Fonjallaz, and B. Ortega, “Fiber-Bragg-grating-based device for payload and label separation in highly packed subcarrier-multiplexed optical label swapping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2445–2447 (2005)
[Crossref]

Popov, M.

M. Popov, A. Martinez, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, P. Y Fonjallaz, and B. Ortega, “Fiber-Bragg-grating-based device for payload and label separation in highly packed subcarrier-multiplexed optical label swapping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2445–2447 (2005)
[Crossref]

Taylor, J.

Tsui, V. K.

H. J. Lee, S. J. Ben Yoo, V. K. Tsui, and S. K. H. Fong ,”A simple all-optical label detection and swapping technique incorporating a Fiber Bragg Grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 635–637 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Zhang, Y.

S. J. Ben Yoo, H. J. Lee, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Zhang, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei “Rapidly switching all-optical packet routing system with optical-label swapping incorporating tunable wavelength conversion and a uniform-loss cyclic frequency AWGR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1211–1213 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z.

Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Paraschis, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “10000-hop cascaded in-line all-optical 3R Regeneration to achieve 1250000 km 10-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 718–720 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, V. J. Hernandez, M. Y. Jeon, J. Cao, Z. Pan, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “RF photonics signal processing in subcarrier multiplexed optical-label switching communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3155–3166 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

S. J. Ben Yoo, H. J. Lee, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Zhang, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei “Rapidly switching all-optical packet routing system with optical-label swapping incorporating tunable wavelength conversion and a uniform-loss cyclic frequency AWGR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1211–1213 (2002).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Paraschis, and S. J. Ben Yoo, “10000-hop cascaded in-line all-optical 3R Regeneration to achieve 1250000 km 10-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 718–720 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Popov, A. Martinez, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, P. Y Fonjallaz, and B. Ortega, “Fiber-Bragg-grating-based device for payload and label separation in highly packed subcarrier-multiplexed optical label swapping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2445–2447 (2005)
[Crossref]

H. J. Lee, S. J. Ben Yoo, V. K. Tsui, and S. K. H. Fong ,”A simple all-optical label detection and swapping technique incorporating a Fiber Bragg Grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 635–637 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Proc ECOC (1)

T. Koonen Sulur, I. T. Monroy, J. Jennen, and H. de Waardt, “Optical labeling of packets in IP-over-WDM networks,” Proc ECOC (2002), Paper 5.5.2.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Architecture of all-optical label swapping node
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Schematic of the multistage conversion router node VPI modelling system
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Bit-error rate theoretical predictions for 1, 3, 7, 16, 32, 48 and 64 hops
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Optical spectra and jitter measurements at: (a) Node input, (b) After XGM stage, (c) After XPM stage, Insets shows the eye diagrams at those points.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Experimental setup for multihop transport experiment
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Wavelength channel settings and packets at 10 Gb/s in multihop experiment for: a) 1 hop, b) 3 hops, c) 7 hops, d) 16 hops.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Eye diagrams of the packets at: a) 1 hop, b) 3 hops, c) 7 hops, d) 16 hops
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Bit-error rate for different number of hops vs. optical received power, solid lines: theoretical predictions, filled symbols: experimental results

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