Abstract

We measured the reflectance spectra for the 85 color caps of the Farnsworth–Munsell 100-hue test. Eigenvectors and eigenvalues of a correlation matrix of cone responses were computed, with the cone responses being determined from the 85 test caps, arranged in order (according to color) by means of a linear model. It is shown that the Farnsworth–Munsell 100-hue test can be simulated by use of eigenvectors of the cone responses. The eigenvectors can be interpreted as nonopponent signal and opponent color signals. The normal observer can determine the color of a cap by using two opponent color signals. For color-blind persons (dichromats) one or the other opponent signal is defective, and errors can occur during the test. The simulation results also suggest that eigenvectors can be used to predict results of arrangement tests similar to the Farnsworth–Munsell 100-hue test.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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