Abstract

The effect of cross relaxation on the third-order nonlinear susceptibility, χ(3) (−ω2, ω1, −ω1, ω2), describing polarization spectroscopy experiments is calculated with a density matrix formalism. By using a model of inhomogeneously broadened two-level systems with a reservoir state and allowing for cross relaxation within the inhomogeneous line, we find that both the ratio of the maximum signal at ω1 = ω2 to the background and the broad component resembling the absorption band depend on the cross-relaxation rate. Also, one additional component with a characteristic width of the order of the spectral-diffusion rate Γ3 is expected to appear, depending on the value of this parameter. Furthermore, we estimate from published data [ Phys. Rev. A 17, 1439 ( 1978)] the product of the transverse-relaxation time times the cross-relaxation time T2T3 to be 0.014 psec2 for cyanine dye and 0.0009 psec2 for malachite green oxalate.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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