Rayleigh matches obtained from red–green color deficients with conventional methods show large individual differences within diagnostic categories. Similar matches obtained from the same observers with a large-field substitution method show much less variability and suggest that the differences observed among simple anomals, extreme anomals, and dichromats with conventional methods are probably not solely due to the visual pigments contained in the cones. A theory that attributes these differences to the relative number of abnormal cones present in the observer’s retina is described.
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