Abstract

The pulsed Raman technique utilizing a Q-switched frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser and a pulse-activated nanosecond photon-counting detection system has been used to reduce the fluorescence background in Raman spectra when the fluorescence-pump lifetime is much shorter than the duration of the laser output pulse. A fluorescence discrimination factor shows the improvement of the Raman signal-to-noise ratio obtained with pulsed Raman over cw Raman. Dark-current-limited operation can be virtually eliminated using the pulsed Raman technique. When applied to a sample of Mn-doped ZnSe using an uncooled 1P28 photomultiplier and about 10 mW of average laser power at 532 nm, a 60-count/s fluorescence peak of 125-μs lifetime, observed with a 200-μs detection interval, was reduced by a factor of ≳60 with a 1-μs detection interval. The computed factor is 63.

© 1972 Optical Society of America

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