Abstract

This articles shows a new approach based on the theory of two-beam interferometry to the analysis of the image reconstructed from a hologram produced by using a spatially incoherent light source. The best reconstruction is achieved when a hologram has been taken in a plane where the fringes formed by the reference beam and the undiffracted beam from the transparent object attain their maximum visibility. The optical transfer function of such a hologram is obtained and found to be the same in form for three different types of systems: the Leith and Upatnieks, the Lippmann, and the Gabor arrangements. Several interesting properties of the reconstructed image are dealt with.

© 1970 Optical Society of America

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