Abstract

In the last few years Teflon AF has emerged as the leading material for implementing waveguiding with an aqueous core because of its low refractive index (n<sub>D</sub> = 1.29). This low index should make it possible for very low limits of detection to be achieved in Teflon AF as a result of the ability to excite with laser light over an increased area. Detection limits have remained high, however, due in part to the porosity of the material. In this communication we report a significant reduction in the permeability of Teflon AF 2400 capillary walls with the deposition and subsequent treatment of polyelectrolyte multilayers. Alternating layers of polycations and polyanions on a bare Teflon AF surface are sufficient to reduce its permeability to small molecules such as methanol and benzene. Crosslinking and deprotonation of these multilayers further reduces permeability to less than 10% of the permeability value through uncoated TAF. As a consequence, detection limits are reduced. Evidence of these results is presented with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and Raman spectroscopic measurements.

PDF Article

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription